I was going to do a thread with a Pod of no French invasion of Algeria but remarked that I found the idea of a Abdelkader ruled Algeria more interesting than a surviving regency of Algiers and he won’t rule Algeria without French invasion . The POD isn’t really important there may can even be several (would be something like his victory being somehow greater and him managing to take Oran in the aftermath , the tribe of the west joining to him , Louis Phillipe becoming convinced that the conquest is a waste of energy and ressource , French troop evacuating Algeria like they did in Mexico , Abdelkader taking Algiers following the French departure and him imposing his authority in all of Algeria) . I’m more interested in the effect of him ruling Algeria and his Emirate surviving longer would he be some sort of Muhammad Ali of Algeria more tied to religion ? He seemed competent and realized the need of reform (military economically) and industrialization . What would be the effect on Algeria with less destructive effect of the French conquest and he ruling for some 35 year ? On France with no conquest of Algeria there a lot of butterfly here ? On the Ottoman Empire ? The Maghreb ? The Islamic world in general possibly his ideology of reform tied to religion become more popular ?