We Are All Republicans, We Are All Federalists

Wow that was a crowded election. So many parties to choose from hahah also thought it was funny Adams had so many different running mates. Good job four more years of Jackson!


@TheRockofChickamauga So given that you have more time to do timelines on Saturdays and Sundays, I hope you can come back and work on a project that I've been editing for chronological reasons. If I were to point to a collaborative timeline there's Player Two Start which was made by RySenkari and Nivek with contribution from other users.
Chapter Twenty-Nine: The Presidency of Andrew Jackson, 1833-1837
Chapter Twenty-Nine: The Presidency of Andrew Jackson, 1833-1837

President Andrew Jackson
With his election to a second and presumably final term, Jackson turned to some of his more radical goals, which he had withheld from doing earlier from fear of political ostracization or offending some of his core supporting groups. One of these goals had been something he had been long hoping to do. Ever since 1823 Treaty of Madrid, which had ceded the portion of Spanish Florida north of 28th line of longitude to the United States for $5,000,000, Jackson had been hoping to bring the rest of the peninsula into the nation, like he had intended when he was the general in command on that front. Despite the Spanish promise to try and restrain the Seminoles in the territory, however, enforcement, when it was even possible, was lax, thus giving Jackson his necessary casus belli. After a particularly violent raid in which three American settlers had been killed, Jackson announced he would be sending a 4,000 man strong force of U.S. Army soldiers under Major General John Coffee, an old friend, to restore peace to the area. While the old age of Coffee and seeming justification of the mission resulted in little Spanish alarm at the announcement, Jackson made sure to have the two brigades in the army under the command of two distinguished, capable, and most importantly younger officers, Brigadier Generals Thomas Jessup and Winfield Scott, both of whom had made names for themselves in the War of 1813. As soon as they arrived at the border, they marched past it into Spanish Florida, and began launching attacks against Seminole towns. Spain, a tired nation and one in the midst of internal strife, took almost no action against the invading American force, not even firing a shot. For a paltry $1,000,000 quickly offered to them by Jackson, they agreed to give America the rest of Florida. When Florida was admitted as a state into the Union in 1839, the date of Coffee's crossing into Spanish Florida became known as "Florida Day", and was celebrated across the state. Even to the modern day, "Florida Day" remains a holiday, marked by reenactments of Coffee's crossing.

John Coffee and a modern day reenactment of Coffee's crossing
While Spain was quick to roll over, the Seminoles were not. Thus the Second Seminole War began. Among the first to die in this war, however, was John Coffee himself, who contracted malaria and died, resulting in command turning over to Scott. Scott, alongside such capable subordinates as Jessup and Colonels Zachary Taylor and John E. Wool, would ably, if brutally, prosecute the war, driving the Seminoles further and further south at high cost to both sides. The Seminoles, noted for their bravery and determination in the struggle, would hold out until 1835, which would even elicit the admiration of Commanding General of the U.S. Army Alexander Macomb, who reportedly begged with Jackson to allow the Seminoles to remain in Florida, even if in a reservation, rather than the fate he was giving other Natives, which will be discussed later. Jackson, stone-cold as always, would rebuke Macomb for overstepping his duties as Commanding General, and went forward with his plans, thus bringing to an end the friendship the two men had formed during the Washington Campaign.

The decisive charge of Wool's regiment in the Battle of Lake Okeechobee, an American victory which proved to be the final major battle of the Second Seminole War
It was also in his second term that Jackson finally truly confronted the Republican Party. This confrontation would be sparked by an increase in tariffs Jackson approved in 1834. Fearing the economic impact such a policy would have on his state, John C. Calhoun, joined by his fellow South Carolina senator Robert C. Hayne and South Carolina's governor George McDuffie, claimed the right of their state to nullify the law. Refusing to tolerate such disobedience and viewing it as tantamount to secession, Jackson for once sided with the Liberty Party and guided his political supporters to condemn South Carolina's actions. When South Carolina refused to back down, Jackson threatened to send in U.S. Army troops until the state agreed to comply. Meanwhile, in the Senate, the forces of Democratic and Liberty Party senators joined together in the fight against the five Republicans in the Senate: Calhoun, Hayne, George Troup of Georgia, and Alabama's Dixon H. Lewis and John McKinley. In what would become known as one of the greatest Senate speeches in history, Massachusett's senator Daniel Webster would deliver an impassioned and convincing appeal for unity, in what became known as "Webster's Reply to McKinley", in reference to the previous speaker. Eventually, a combination of fear of Jackson turning U.S. military forces against them, compromise efforts headed by moderate Liberty Party congressmen such as Clay, John J. Crittenden, William C. Rives, and John M. Clayton resulting in a reduction of the tariff, as well as the presence of a small but vocal group fearing secession such as Joel Roberts Poinsett and William Drayton, ensured that nothing would come of South Carolina's fiery rhetoric, much to the anger of Calhoun, who had been hoping that his fellow Southerners would final take a firm stand and validate the Republican Party. After this, the power of the Republican Party was shattered, and soon it devolved into a local, South Carolinian party.

A political cartoon attacking the advocates of nullification, pointing out how far their willing to go for power, and a painting depicting Webster's Reply to McKinley
In the wake of such a fierce battle, something that Jackson had not been expecting occurred. On a balmy January 30th, leaving the Capitol building after having watched the Senate proceedings in the final few acts of the Nullification crisis, Jackson would be suddenly approached by a clearly distressed man. When within a few feet of the president, the man would pull out a pistol and fire, with the bullet striking a pillar mere inches from Jackson's face. As Jackson lifted his cane to strike the attempted assassin, the crazed man drew a second pistol and again fired, shattering the rounded top of Jackson's cane and sending wooden slivers flying into both men, including one into his own eye, causing him to drop his weapon and reach for the injured eye, at which point Jackson started repeatedly caning him in the head until the cane was broken into several pieces and the would be assassin was quite bloodied. Ultimately, the attempted assassin was identified as Thomas Cooper, an immigrant from Great Britain known for his support for both nullification and slavery. When questioned, Cooper claimed that he had acted as he had done as he viewed Jackson as the greatest threat to American democracy in the history of the nation. Later investigations of his rented Washington apartment would find evidence of his plans to not only attempt to assassinate Jackson, but also Webster and Poinsett, both prominent in bring an end to the Nullification Crisis. Ultimately, Cooper would be given a life sentence, remaining in jail for 3 years before his death in 1838.

A depiction of the attempted assassination of Jackson and Thomas Cooper
Even after attempted assassination, Jackson did not moderate his stance on any issues. His next major fight would be over Indian removal. Hoping to remove the Native Americans of five tribes-the Cherokee, Muscogee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Seminoles- currently living throughout the American southeast to open up the land for white settlement, Jackson would begin a policy of relocating them from their current homes to the Indian Territory out west, using the United States army to escort them and ensure their following of Jackson's orders. Jackson's plan was not without opposition, however. Many of the natives pointed to treaties they had previously signed that guaranteed their right to live of the lands in question. Meanwhile, outside of Native groups, Jackson's opposition ranged from missionaries such as Samuel A. Worcester to politicians such as Senators David Crockett of Tennessee and Theodore Freylinghuysen of New Jersey. Despite all the opposition he faced, however, Jackson would see to it that his policy was enforced, and following the passage of the 1835 Indian Removal Act, the forced movement of members of the five tribes began. In what became known as the Paths of Pain, thousands of Natives would die of exposure, illness, or malnutrition before they finally reached their new home in the desolate Indian territory. As soon they reached their destinations, whispers of discontent and anger had begun, although for the moment, they remained hushed and in secret.

A painting depicting the Paths of Pain
During his second term in office, Jackson would make five appointments to the Supreme Court. The first vacancy would occur on April 1, 1833 with the death of Bushrod Johnson. To replace him, Jackson would nominate James M. Wayne, a Georgia Representative. Next would come the passing of Associate Justice William Wirt in February 18, 1834. For his replacement, Jackson would nominate William Drayton, a South Carolina representative and a key ally during the Nullification Crisis. When Chief Justice John Marshall died on July 6, 1835, Jackson originally planned on appointing his current attorney general, Roger B. Taney, to fill the post. Shortly afterwards, however, Taney, known for his frail health, came down with a severe illness that many expected would soon result in death. As a result of this, Jackson would instead choose Virginia representative and 1820 Democratic-Republican presidential nominee Philip P. Barbour to fill the post, as a nod to the generally older, former Democratic-Republicans of a generation past. Finally, in his last few weeks in office, Congress would pass a bill creating two new seats on the Supreme Court, which Jackson signed into law. With little time left on his hands, Jackson would quickly nominate his treasury secretary Levi M. Woodbury, as well Humphrey H. Leavitt, as the United States District Judge for the District of Ohio, for the new openings. In his finally few days in office, the Senate would approve his nominations. Entering into his second term, the Supreme Court had held six Liberty Party justices and only one Democratic. Following the end of Jackson's tenure in office, it was composed of six Democrats and only three members of the Liberty Party, marking one of the most dramatic shifts in the history of the Supreme Court. In the drastic changes of the Supreme Court serve well as an example for the nation as a whole, who having undergone eight years of a President Andrew Jackson was radically different from how it began, and had its eyes set on the future and what was to come.

Jackson's Second Term Supreme Court Nominees: James Wayne, William Drayton, Philip Barbour, Levi Woodbury, and Humphrey Leavitt​
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Chapter Thirty: Return of the Prophet
Chapter Thirty: Return of the Prophet

The year was 1836, the removal of the five native tribes involved in the Paths of Pain had just been completed, with all them now living in the Indian Territory, with no hope of returning home and no real prospects for their future. With this grew rage against the American government who had brought them there, and with almost nothing to lose, they had little reason to withhold it. All that was remaining to ignite a raging inferno would be a spark, and it was soon to arrive. Late in 1836, a strange, foreign, and elderly wanderer with a foreign tongue would enter into the Indian Territory. Eventually, a young man of the Chickasaw tribe was found who could communicate with the man was found, and they were able to identify the rambler as a man of the Shawnee tribe of the Midwest, who also had a lot to say.

When asked about his past and origin, the man began a long story of triumph and ultimate tragedy. He confirmed their beliefs that he was of the Shawnee nation, and went on about his early years, but his story truly began to grasp their attention when he began to speak of his adult life. He claimed he had experienced visions of a prosperous world for the natives of North America, which could be achieved by returning to their traditions and uniting together as one nation to drive the Americans from the continent. He claimed that he had been joined in this movement by his brother, who was the greatest warrior in the history of the native peoples. Together, they had united many tribes with these ideals, and had formed a great Indian confederacy which had been able to assert itself, even having allied with the great British empire to their north.

It was then in his story that it began to take a turn for the worse. He described how when his brother was off attempting to bring others in his nation, an American army had arrived and burned their confederacy's capital after defeating some of the warriors of the confederacy in battle, the first of their many attempts to shatter the league he and his brother had created. Eventually his brother had returned and helped reorganize the people, but he was always on the look out for an opportunity to avenge himself on the Americans. Thus, when a great war broke out between the Americans and the British, he had eagerly aided in the British in their efforts, and together the two had achieved many great victories, with his warrior brother having served valiantly, honorably, and with great distinction and skill as a warrior in each engagement. Eventually, however, the British had abandoned the natives and their confederacy for the most part, effectively leaving them to fend for themselves while they were off to defend other regions of their empire. When the Americans returned, despite the best and bravest of efforts of his warrior brother, his warriors were scattered, the confederacy shattered, and the warrior brother himself slain.

Despite the death of his brother and many other brave natives, the wanderer claimed he had been able to miraculous escape, having been washed away by a river he was attempting to cross in his flight. This had drug him to a land he did no recognize, and with his brother dead and his dreams forever crushed, he had taken up the way of a sojourner, telling his story to any who would listen. The night he heard of the what the Americans were doing to the natives in removing them from their ancestral lands, he claimed that for the first time in many years, his visions had returned to him, and they were crying out for him to seek the natives who were being removed and lead them in their opposition and eventual overthrow of the Americans, and that he was to lead the formation of a new, even greater native confederacy.

Upon hearing his story, word of this spread like a wild fire amongst the natives leaving in exile in the Indian Territory, who were eager for any sign of hope or guidance. When the rambler was asked of his name, he claimed it was Tenskwatawa, but he had been referred to as "The Prophet" in his old nation. Thus, the seeds of the Prophet's Rebellion had been planted, and soon they were to burst forth into clear daylight to shake the United States, North America, and even to some extent the world.