Andrew Jackson wins! Looking forward to his Presidency. You can imagine it will be anything but boring. Sad Clay didn't win a second term but he can always run again if he wants
You're back. Good job with your timeline.Chapter Twenty-Seven: The Presidency of Andrew Jackson, 1829-1833As he entered office, Jackson was perhaps America's most controversial president up to that point. Detractors pointed out how that unlike his six predecessors, Jackson had been elected almost solely on his military record and the resulting popularity, rather than his political achievements or notoriety. This caused many of his opponents to worry, as the memories of Napoleon Bonaparte were still fresh in the minds of many. The insult of King Andrew I became popular among Jackson's opponents. In some ways, Jackson earned this moniker. He used the presidential veto to amount that was unprecedented. He would also appoint cronies to political office and other important jobs more so than any of the previous presidents. Despite this, the people continued to love Andrew Jackson, and unwaveringly viewed him as the champion of the common man. To this day, Jackson and his legacy is clouded with much debate, ranging from viewing him as the bringer of a new age of democracy to the unscrupulous back-biter who hurt America in so many ways. Wherever one stands in their opinion of Jackson, it is impossible to deny the crucial role he played in American history, as well as the history of several others nations and groups.
President Andrew Jackson
Coming into office, Jackson's domineering and aggressive personality easily made rivals, even within his own party. In no case was the latter claim made more clear than that of John C. Calhoun and his Republican Party. As many had expected, Calhoun continued to bear a grudge against Jackson for stealing the Democratic-Republican presidential nomination from him, and Calhoun presumed this also extended to the presidency considering Jackson's victory in that race. This split was only furthered with Jackson's actions when in office. Contrary to what Calhoun had expected, Jackson did not show unreasonable favoritism towards the Deep South, and sometimes even accepted policies that would hurt that region. Now burning with anger, Calhoun would declare his separation from the Democratic-Republican Party, and the formation of his own party, known as the Republican Party. In response to this, Jackson would rename the Democratic-Republicans into the Democratic Party, a move many modern historians assume he would have made eventually even without this prerogative. Calhoun would joined by others in this movement, such as fellow South Carolina senator Robert C. Hayne and Georgia senator George Troup, but contrary to what Calhoun had expected, not all of the Southern congressmen rallied around him, with such prominent figures as Vice-President William R. King of Alabama and President Pro Tempore John Forsyth of Georgia remaining loyal to Jackson and the Democratic Party. Further aggravating Calhoun, many of his fellow Republicans frequently voted with the Democrats, preventing the party from being the roadblock he intended it to be and ensuring continued Democratic rule over the government in most cases.
A particularly prevalent and popular Liberty cartoon that attacked Jackson as a monarch in the model of Napoleon
Further division and strife would be caused within the nation over the bank battle. Hoping to test the strength of Jackson and his Democratic Party in wake of the recent divide, and well aware that they would have to do it eventually, the Liberty Party urged president of the Second Bank of the United State, Nicholas Biddle, who had succeeded Albert Gallatin as president in 1826, to ask to have the bank rechartered now. Eventually agreeing, Biddle would do as planned and ask for Congress to renew the bank's charter now. Seeing an opportunity to destroy the bank, which he fiercely opposed, Jackson urged his supporters in Congress to approve of doing the rechartering now. Now approved, the Liberty Party brought it before the House. Despite Jackson's best efforts, and the hard fighting against the bill led by James Polk, the Republicans, in an effort to spite Jackson, voted in favor, and it passed the House. Ultimately, it would be in the Senate were the rechartering meet it's fate. Controlled by the Democrats for the first time since John Randolph, and where far fewer defections to the Republican Party had occurred, it hardly took President Pro Tempore Forsyth any effort to ensure the bill's demise. This was in spite of some Democratic defections, led by Maryland Senator Samuel Smith.View attachment 581330
John Calhoun, Robert Hayne, and George Troup: three of the most prominent Republicans
It was the wake of the bank battle that again Jackson would experience strife within his own party, although the underlying conditions had been there for a while. It what became known as "the Great Shift", many of Jackson's former Democratic allies would switch party allegiance over to the Liberty Party. Among these were Virginia's Governor Littleton Tazewell, Virginia Senator John Tyler, Chair of the House Judicial Committee and Virginia Representative William C. Rives, Maryland Senator Samuel Smith, North Carolina Senator Willie P. Mangum, Tennessee Governor Sam Houston, Tennessee Senator Hugh L. White, and Tennessee Representative John Bell. Further concern was raised for Jackson when Liberty Party candidate Davy Crockett defeated his Democratic candidate Felix Grundy to fill the Tennessee Senate seat vacated by John Eaton in 1829, which was considered the heart of Democratic territory. Among the causes for these shifts were belief that Jackson truly had overstepped his boundaries as president, as well as Jackson's abrasive personality and political favoritism. While this movement gained some traction among the political class, Jackson was relieved to know that seemed to fail to gain root among the general populace, which Jackson was well aware made up his most crucial base.
Nicholas Biddle and Samuel Smith, a political cartoon praising Jackson destruction of the bank, and John Forsyth and James Polk
View attachment 581346It was as a result of "The Great Shift" that Henry Clay, who had returned as a Kentucky Senator in 1829, gained the opportunity he had been waiting for. With the Senate temporarily controlled by Jackson's opponents, if at least three Republicans held firm in their opposition to Jackson, Clay believed he could pass an official censure for the president, based on his actions in the aftermath of the bank battle. Hoping for the best, Clay introduced his censure into the Senate. And as he had hoped, three Republicans, Calhoun, Hayne, and Troup, supported him in his efforts, and the censure was narrowly passed, ensuring a blemish was attached to Jackson's name, even though it held little practical effect. For the first time in his presidency, Jackson's opponents had been able to successful bring and hold something against him, even if it was feeble at best.
Littleton Tazewell, John Tyler, and Sam Houston, three of the most prominent men in "The Great Shift"
For the first time since 1798, a new cabinet position was created, although it was not a new job. Instead, Jackson would promote the office of Postmaster General to the cabinet position in 1829, although it had existed since the time of George Washington. For it, he would place close political ally John H. Eaton into the position. This appointment would come under much fire, as many claimed that Eaton lacked any real credentials for the job, and had merely been placed into the office due to his friendship with Jackson. Prying into Eaton's personal life, it was also revealed that Eaton's wife, Peggy, did not have a stainless moral character, and rumors were circulated that in her youth and life as a young adult, she had been sexually promiscuous, with some even going as far as to claim that she had served as a prostitute in her father's bar. Despite this, Jackson held firm to his nominee, and would ultimately see to his successful appointment. In many ways, Eaton's appointment could serve as an effective summary of Jackson's time in office thus far, hard fought and very personal, but ultimately successful.
A picture of Clay's censure of Jackson, now housed in the National Archives
Jackson and his Cabinet:
Postmaster General John H. Eaton
President: Andrew Jackson
Vice-President: William R. King
Secretary of State: Lewis Cass
Secretary of the Treasury: Levi Woodbury
Secretary of War: Edward Livingston
Attorney General: Roger B. Taney
Secretary of the Navy: James Buchanan
Postmaster General: John H. Eaton
So given the altered political climate in We Are All Republicans, We Are All Federalists I think we could focus on the border states of Kentucky and Missouri as well as Maryland. Texas isn't going to join the United States as you mentioned but perhaps you could focus on their role during and after the alternate Civil War.I have some ideas for it, but it is not fully fleshed and written out yet. If there is anything or anyone that someone wants to see, just put in a reply and I'll see what I can do.
Texas will be mentioned and focused on the context in the American Civil War. The two will be intertwined in a way, as I have said above.Texas isn't going to join the United States as you mentioned but perhaps you could focus on their role during and after the alternate Civil War.
Thank you for pointing that out. I always appreciate your comments after every chapter.Loving how crowded the election was, and Adams having three running mates depending on region.
On that note, however, the last sentence of the Liberty Party nominating section refers to them as Whigs. Might want to correct that.