We Are All Republicans, We Are All Federalists

Glad to finally see a turnaround. And good to know that wherever Jackson goes, victory is assured... of course, that leaves me worried about what will happen at New Orleans since he's not there.
 
Chapter Sixteen: The Battle of New Orleans, the Creator of Legends
Chapter Sixteen: The Battle of New Orleans, the Creator of Legends

A painting of the Battle of New Orleans created for a Crockett biography, with General Harrison standing the in the center in blue, and Lieutenant Crockett kneeling beside him
Ever since the great battle was fought, the Battle of New Orleans has been cemented into American legend and folk tale. It was everything needed for a great story. A formerly highly esteemed officer sent off to do menial work by his superiors finally having a chance to bring himself once more into the spotlight, an ambitious general seeking out glory finally spotting his chance to make a name for himself if only he can achieve victory, and so many men in supporting roles that would eventually achieve prominence that it almost seems ludicrous. All of this can be found in the annals of this most iconic of War of 1813 battles. The beginning of this story can be found with Brigadier General William H. Harrison. An officer of distinguished conduct for his role in leading forces in the Tripoli War and the Battle of Tippecanoe, Harrison had always enjoyed the confidence of the administration, as was known to be a devoted member of the Liberty Party. All of this changed with the rise of John Randolph to the presidency. Knowing Harrison's great prestige and close association with the Liberty Party, as well as seeing him as a threat in the future, Randolph would see to it that Harrison was denied a place in any of the three offensive prongs at the beginning of the war and was instead place far from the line of battle. Thus, he was stationed to be the commander of New Orleans' defenses. As to make this not seem to nefarious, he was accompanied by a regular infantry regiment under Colonel Winfield Scott, as well as regular artillery under Major Zachary Taylor. As such, Randolph believed he had successful curbed Harrison's rising star. But fate was to intervene. The second British attack under Major-General Edward Pakenham was scheduled to attack New Orleans, and it was too late for Randolph to transfer Harrison out, less he run the risk of the British capturing and ransacking a crucial American trading hub, and America yet another crushing defeat. So with apprehension, Randolph allowed Harrison to call up the militia and do all that was necessary to secure New Orleans.
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Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, and Edward Pakenham
The militia Harrison raised, mostly from Louisiana, Tennessee, and Kentucky, had an astonishingly large amount of future prominent politicians. Included in this number were Colonel Thomas H. Benton, commander of a Tennessee militia regiment, Major Sam Houston, serving in another Tennessee militia regiment, and Lieutenant Davy Crockett, serving in a third Tennessee militia regiment. Perhaps Harrison's most interesting ally, however, would be Pushmataha, a chief in the Choctaw nation. Resisting Tecumseh's offer to join his confederacy, Pushmataha instead argued for his nation siding with the Americans, and he raised 500 warriors when Harrison began his efforts for recruitment. In honor to his loyalty to the United States, he would be given the rank of colonel in the U.S. Army, and he became a trusted member of Harrison's defenses. He would lead efforts to draw in more Choctaw and Chickasaw warriors in the lead up to the battle, ultimately having command of roughly 950 Natives, as well as roughly 60 former slaves, of which he would have command in the battle. Combining his motley force of regular troops, militia, Natives, and freemen of color, Harrison's force numbered around 6,200 men. With this, he would have to face down over 8,000 regular British troops under a veteran of the Peninsular War. Harrison still held hope, however, that he and his garrison could hold the town.

Chief and Colonel Pushmataha of the Choctaw
As British ships were spotted by the naval scouts Harrison dispatched, he grew more and more anxious about the battle to come, a fact he admitted to his three aides, Lieutenant John E. Wool and Sergeants William J. Worth and Stephen W. Kearney. All three men had served alongside Harrison since Tippecanoe, and they had never seen their general in a greater state of apprehension. His entire plan hinged upon the Americans being able to hold the line behind their defensive line he had established at a choke point with a river to his right and swamps to his left. He openly admitted to his staff that if the British could mass their troops at one point they might be able to break through. It was at this point that Colonel Pushmataha and General John Coffee, commander of the Tennessee militia, offered their advice. They suggested that Harrison keep the regular infantry, militia, and artillery behind the defensive line, while he dispatched Pushmataha and his regiment to hide out in the swamp to attack the British flank at an opportune moment. Seeing potential in the idea, Harrison approved it. Not long after Pushmataha had moved his men, the British landed their troops and began marching towards Harrison's line. Upon seeing the defensive position, Pakenham did exactly as Harrison worried he might do, and formed two columns to slam through the American line. A cannon shot fired by Taylor himself opened the battle, and soon the British columns charged the American defenses.

A painting of the Battle of New Orleans
Despite the fierce resistance the Americans put up, including a shot that mortally wounded Pakenham often accredited to Crockett, the British soldiers were able to reach the defenses and start climbing them. At this time, Colonel Winfield Scott fell wounded with painful, bloody, but non-lethal shot to the shoulder, and had to be hauled to the rear. Just as Harrison began to worry that something had happened to Pushmataha and his men, or even worse, that they deserted, they launched a brutal assault on the British right unleashing a war cry. The stunned British were sent reeling, and soon the men not in the defenses began to fall back, leaving the men in the defenses to try and fight their way out under Major-General Samuel Gibbs, who would be mortally wounded and captured. Almost all of these men were forced to surrender or face death. Harrison had won his decisive victory, and had succeeded in bringing himself back into the public mind.

A drawing of the African-Americans of Pushmataha's regiment charging into the panicked British flank guards.
The Battle of New Orleans would go down in history as the most famous battle of the War of 1813, at least in America. This distinction can be partially attributed to the interesting characters and surprising results of the battle. In more recent years, however, the battle has been held up in the national spotlight due to the role that mixed-race cooperation played in it. Pushmataha went down in history as one of the most famous Native Americans in U.S. history, and certainly the most famous one to fight alongside the Americans. His name became a rallying cry for the battle to bring about equal rights and fair treatment for America's indigenous population, and his name can be found attached to many public works, especially in Louisiana and out west. The battle would also play an important role in launching the political and military careers in many men who fought in it. Combining this with the important role it played in raising the lowered American morale, and the battle was firmly committed to the halls of legends and folk tale.

A famous but highly romanticized painting of the Battle of New Orleans created for its centennial, with many of its famous combatants including Harrison, Wool, Taylor, Scott, Crockett, and Gibbs. Notably, however, it condemns Pushmataha's attack to the background on the left.​
 
I was worried that without Jackson in command this battle would go to the British, but instead it went even better than OTL, to my knowledge.

Can't wait to see how the remainder of the war plays out.
 
Chapter Seventeen: The War for the Midwest
Chapter Seventeen: The War for the Midwest

A painting depicting the charge of Daveiss' Cavalry Militia into the Canadian militia
When the Americans surrendered at Fort Detroit, many on the British side simply assumed that the war in the midwest was over. The one exception to this was Tecumseh, who from experience knew the American ability to bounce back after a series of defeats. After much debating, General Brock, who had come to respect Tecumseh, was convinced to leave a small garrison of Canadian militia behind, despite not fully believing that the Americans would return. Ultimately, Tecumseh would be proven right, but not for months to come. In the meantime, newly promoted Brigadier General Jacob Brown was left to pick up the pieces of the shattered American forces. The first thing he would do would to combine all the broken remnants of the regular American regiments into one command, which he placed under Colonel Zebulon Pike, with newly promoted Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Jesup serving as second-in-command. Meanwhile, he and Daveiss went out to try and rally the militia. This would prove to be a long and far-reaching mission, and by the end of it, they had militia from as far away as western Pennsylvania, as well as a promise from General Harrison to march north with his command, although they would not arrive in time for the campaign. His force would be further supplemented by President Randolph transferring many of the men from the other prongs on the Canadian front, including the famous Knox's Artillery Militia.
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General Brown greeting some the newly arrived transferred troops
Eventually, Brown had gathered his entire force together and was ready for combat. Tecumseh, meanwhile, was far from ready. Many of his war chiefs and their war bands had come to believe that their victory was secure once no American attacks came after a few months. Despite desperate pleas from Tecumseh, they would return home, leaving Tecumseh with only the war bands loyal to him, including Roundhead's, and the Canadian militia. Thus when Brown and his force finally did arrive, Tecumseh sent out panicked messengers asking for the war bands to return. Similar to Harrison, they would not arrive in time, leaving Tecumseh with only the troops he had at hand. Despite this, and the fact he was outnumbered, Tecumseh still had hopes of victory. Deciding that he had a better chance of victory in an pitched battle rather than a siege, he ordered his troops out of Fort Detroit, and ordered them to hide in the forest to attack Brown's column in a battle similar to Battle of Spencer Creek. But rather than a repeat of that disaster, Brown had learned from his predecessors mistakes, and had cavalry all along his flanks. So when Tecumseh launched his assault, the Americans were ready and put up stiff resistance, repulsing any attacks. At one point, Brown gathered Daveiss and his cavalry, as well as some recently arrived cavalry militia from Ohio and Kentucky under returned prisoner General Duncan McArthur, and ordered a attack on the Canadian militia, which scattered them and precipitated a rout among Tecumseh's men. Luckily for him, however, by withdrawing at the time that he did, he was able to escape before Brown could bring his artillery into effect.

Duncan McArthur and the attack on the Canadian militia
Following this humiliating defeat, Tecumseh retreated back to Fort Detroit. His next strategy that he planned was to engage in guerrilla warfare and wear down American morale, especially that of the militia. Despite this being a good plan, the Canadian militia refused to accept it, and said that they would hold at Fort Detroit or they would return home. Not wanting to lose a crucial part of his army, Tecumseh would consent to their demands and stay in the fort. This would prove to be a critical mistake. Any advantages Tecumseh did have were lost with staying in the fort, and the Canadian militia had suffered such heavy losses during the previous battle that many modern historians say it probably would have just been better for Tecumseh to allow them to leave. Nevertheless, Tecumseh had made his decision, and he was going to hold out for as long as possible. Soon Brown and his men advanced to the fort. Studying the layout, they realized there was a crucial weakness in the defenses. Brock had taken all the artillery from the fort when he left, so Tecumseh's men could only fire small arms at his men. Knowing this, Brown planned to seize the fort the next day. When dawn rose on the next day, Brown and his men were ready for combat, and charged the fort. Tecumseh had been expecting this, and had roused his war bands and were at the ready. The Canadian militia were still asleep when the attack began, however, and the U.S. regular infantry was targeting their portion of the defense. It was only a matter of minutes before they broke in and started causing havoc. Having grown fully exasperated with his Canadian allies, Tecumseh withdrew his war bands and left them to their fate. Those who were killed were captured, but Tecumseh and his war bands successfully managed to evacuate from the fort with most of his Native warriors. Despite this, Tecumseh had suffered a string of stinging defeats, and his trials were not over yet. He knew, however, that if he could escape to Canada, he would be safe.
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Colonel Zebulon Pike, mounted, leading his men forward, with Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Jesup waving his sword
Fleeing towards the Detroit River and Canada, Tecumseh and his remaining men were constantly harassed by Daveiss and his cavalry militia, but this was not the worst of it. They would find that when they reached the bank of the river. Positioned high up was all of Brown's artillery, and it would be able to rain fire down on anyone trying to cross. Having no boats available, and already having cannon balls smashing into his ranks, Tecumseh realized that fate had finally caught up with him. Unleashing a war whoop that by all accounts was terrifying, he lead a final charge into the American lines. Hacking away at anything that moved, Tecumseh seemed like a man possessed, and he only fell after he had been hit by seven shots. With his death, however, the dream of his confederacy was over. Not far from him lay Roundhead, also slain in the final charge. The bodies of some Natives who had attempted to flee across the river were washed up on the banks, while other were swept along with the river. The U.S. Army assumed this was what happened to Tenskwatawa, otherwise known as the Prophet and the commander of Native forces at Tippecanoe, who had been accompanying Tecumseh in all of his campaigns. This assumption would prove to be a costly error, but the effects of this was not to rise for a long while. For now, all that the Americans knew were that they were victorious, Tecumseh's confederacy was shattered, and that they had once again secured the Midwest.
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Knox's Artillery Militia firing during Tecumseh's Last Stand. Lieutenant Ringgold can be seen at the center directing fire​
 
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But his brother survives, and believe me, he is going to cause some havoc for the U.S. in the future.
Naaah, everything is going to be fine.

The U.S. Army assumed this was what happened to Tenskwatawa, otherwise known as the Prophet and the commander of Native forces at Tippecanoe, who had been accompanying Tecumseh in all of his campaigns. This assumption would prove to be a costly error, but the effects of this was not to rise for a long while.
Because that's not ominous at all!
 
I just have a quick question for anyone experienced timeliners, or really anyone who wants to have input on this discussion. I'm considering starting another TL in the Maps and Graphics form, but since I haven't had two active TLs running at the same time, I'm not sure if this would affect the quality or time between output for the TLs I'm working on. I already have quite the bit of planning for this TL done, but I'm uncertain if I should start it yet, or if I should just withhold from doing that until this TL is done/almost done.

Thoughts?
 
haven't had two active TLs running at the same time, I'm not sure if this would affect the quality or time between output for the TLs I'm working on. I already have quite the bit of planning for this TL done, but I'm uncertain if I should start it yet, or if I should just withhold from doing that until this TL is done/almost done.
I don't think starting another timeline would have have a negative affect on another in terms of quality. At the most, it might make you shift your attention to whichever one you favor more or find easier, resulting in faster updates for one instead of the other.
 
Chapter Eighteen: The War Over Peace
Chapter Eighteen: The War Over Peace

A Democratic-Republican cartoon positing that America should continue the war now that it was in their advantage
With all the external threats to the United States repulsed, and the year 1815 dawning on the nation, the time had come to reevaluate the war. In the latest series of battles, America had proven victorious, but the memories of the bloody defeats and repulses were far from wiped from the minds of the populace. Some men, such as Secretary of the Treasury John Armstrong, Dean of the House William Findley, or House Speaker John C. Calhoun advocated for continuing the war and attempting to once again invade Canada now that they had found their competent generals, Tecumseh's confederacy was shattered, and the pool of British manpower had been severely drained. Others, meanwhile, said that they should end the war now on a high point, rather than rolling the dice again and risking having to negotiate from a disadvantage. Even some Democratic-Republicans took this standpoint, such as Secretary of the Navy Paul Hamilton or Associate Justice Wilson Nicholas. In the House, the cause of peace was championed by Thomas M. Randolph of Virginia and Joseph B. Varnum of Massachusetts, while in the Senate the voices of James Monroe of Virginia and William H. Crawford of Georgia, the first ever Liberty Party senator from that state, rang out for seeking peace. Even old men of the Revolution, such as John Stark or George Rogers Clark would voice their opinion, with both men favoring peace.

John Stark and George Clark
Eventually, President Randolph made up his mind. The man who had hardly been interested in starting the war to begin with decided to finally put an end to the strife. With this in mind, he set about choosing the men he was going to send on his diplomatic mission. He would approach John Taylor of Caroline, who he hoped to place at head of the team. Taylor, a former Virginia senator, would accept the offer and agree to lead the mission. Taylor, however, had not been his first choice to lead the team. He had originally hoped to send New York Governor Aaron Burr to lead, but Burr declined. This stemmed from the precarious position of his governorship, as many of his most trusted lieutenants, such as Dewitt Clinton or Stephen Van Rensseslaer, had been taken from him, and he now faced a very real threat in the upcoming race against Daniel D. Tompkins, who had the support of New York's brightest up and comer Martin Van Buren. After securing Taylor, Randolph would next bring in Treasury Secretary John Armstrong, Virginia representative Wilson C. Nicholas, and Representative William Findley onto the mission. For the final man, after much deliberation, Randolph would choose Speaker John Calhoun, who he hoped would provide a fire and vigor to the team. This choice was not without controversy, however. The Liberty Party, who had agreed to support Randolph's efforts for peace, hated Calhoun, and hoped that a member of their party, such as Monroe, Crawford, or Gallatin, would be offered the post. Angered by the lack of a Liberty Party member on the team, but also understanding the reasoning behind the choice, the Liberty Party would send an ultimatum to Randolph saying that he must replace Calhoun with Henry Clay, another vibrant young congressman, or they would torpedo his mission. After some thought, however, they withdrew this, as they realized that doing that would only risk prolonging the war, something they could not stomach. They would have to be satisfied with Wilson Nicholas, another Democratic-Republican like Mathew Lyon who frequently blurred the lines between his party and that of the Liberty Party. Thus it came to pass a team consisting of two men looking for peace (Taylor and Nicholas) and three men looking for war (Armstrong, Findley, and Calhoun) were chosen to represent America in her mission for peace.

John Taylor, John Armstrong, William Findley, Wilson Nicholas, John Calhoun
With the team created, Randolph would dispatch them to Britain to begin negotiating for peace. Great Britain, more occupied with Napoleon's escape from Elba and return to power, dispatched some minor officials to end the war that to them had grown to be a nuisance. The men they sent consisted of naval officer Lord James Gambier, The British Undersecretary of State for War and the Colonies Henry Goulburn, and lawyer William Adams. Isaac Brock also had wanted to serve as one of the commissioners, which the one legged general would be granted, but he arrived at the negotiations after they had finished. Of the actual negotiations, of which there was little due to both sides seeking status quo antebellum due to Britain no longer engaging in impressment or harassing American merchant vessels, much of came down to Taylor, Findley, and Nicholas, as it was generally agreed that Calhoun lacked the temperament of a diplomat, and Armstrong was often distracted in the streets of London and rarely attended meetings. The final peace treaty, known as the Treaty of Amsterdam due to the city were the men meet, was exactly what before sides had expected coming into the negotiations: a white peace. Thus the War of 1813 came to an end, being forever known as a rather pointless war filled with heroics, bravery, and dash.

A picture of the front page of the Treaty of Amsterdam​
 
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Chapter Nineteen: The Election of 1816
Chapter Nineteen: The Election of 1816

A painting meant to depict election day in Philadelphia
With the War of 1813, with both its tremendous failures and fantastic victories, still remaining brightly in the minds of Americans, many viewed the election of 1816 as giving the people the opportunity to judge how well they believed the war had been executed, and what they thought of the performance of Democratic-Republicans in the executive office. Despite suffering humiliating congressional setbacks during the 1814 midterm elections, the Democratic-Republicans remained convinced that this was only due to the string of defeats that had occured, and now that they had won several majors victories and settled peace on what they viewed as honorable terms, they felt certain that the public would elect them to another four years in the presidency. As such, the renomination of the ticket of John Randolph for president and DeWitt Clinton for vice-president faced little opposition. The largest threat to them was a grassroots effort attempting to displace Randolph with hero of the Washington Campaign, Andrew Jackson. Jackson, however, would stop these efforts, and he was unwilling to turn against the man who had once again brought him into the national spotlight. With this idea squashed, the Democratic-Republican caucus quickly nominated the expected candidates.
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John Randolph and Dewitt Clinton
The Liberty Party caucus, meanwhile, proved to be less harmonious. Once again, the leading candidate was Virginia senator James Madison, who still held some bitterness from being cheated out of the presidency in the previous election. Others, meanwhile, thought that Madison's defeat in the previous election might hurt their chances in this election, and instead looked for a new man, such as Senators James Monroe, Nathaniel Macon, or William Crawford. Despite facing some opposition, Madison would once again secure the nomination. His running-mate from the previous election, John Langdon, had died the year prior, however, and again debate started over who should fill the role. At first, men seemed to gather around Crawford, but he quickly informed the caucus that he would prefer a cabinet position or to be President Pro Tempore rather than be vice-president. In light of this, some eyes to the newer, younger generation of Liberty Party men, such as John Quincy Adams or Henry Clay, but the old guard preferred one of their own, and still had enough power to make sure that Major General Henry Knox, noted for his service in mopping up the wreckage of the Canadian front in the War of 1813, secured the nomination. At first, Knox stated to close confidants that he felt inclined to decline due him wanting to spend more time with family, but arguments that the role was minimally intensive and mostly just entailed presiding over the Senate was enough to convince him. Thus, the Liberty Party had their ticket.

James Madison and Henry Knox
The remnants of the Federalists, meanwhile, gathered into their congressional caucus uncertain of their future. Many of their former members had joined the Liberty Party in opposition to the war, leaving them with almost no one currently holding national office to nominate, let alone someone whose name could be recognized by the majority of the U.S.'s voting population. After much acrimonious debate, the Federalists turned to the candidate in the previous two elections, Rufus King. King, who had managed to regain his New York Senate seat through a coalition of former Federalists and the Liberty Party, as was now a member of the latter party, proved unwilling to put this at risk by running for president with his former party. After this failure, the caucus proved unable to agree upon another candidate. As such, they ended the meeting, and instructed the remaining Federalist voters to vote for which Federalist candidate they favored, as they weren't going to win the election anyway. As such, come election day, the remaining Federalists would vote for many different candidates, with Alexander Hamilton, Timothy Pickering, Oliver Wolcott Jr., and Harrison Gray Otis receiving the largest amount of these votes.
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Alexander Hamilton, Timothy Pickering, Oliver Wolcott, and Harrison Gray Otis
As election day drew nearer, the Democratic-Republicans began growing more and more worried about their chances of victory. Liberty Party men were making sure that the residents of the states of Kentucky and Tennessee, both states that had previously gone for Randolph, were reminded that under Randolph, their states had been subjected to raids from the Native Americans, contrasting it with how under the Liberty Party, the Natives had been defeated. In New York, a state that had proven crucial to Randolph's election, Burr was beginning to lose the grip he formerly held over the state. Facing increased opposition headed by men such as Morgan Lewis, Daniel D. Tompkins, Peter B. Porter, and Martin Van Buren, Burr wasn't even sure if he could hold on to his governorship, let alone deliver the state to Randolph. Meanwhile, the Liberty Party worked hard to win back states that had formerly voted for them but had voted for Randolph in the previous election, such as Kentucky, Virginia, and North Carolina. All the while, Randolph hardly put any effort into campaigning, only sending out of few documents he had written to his loyal newspaper publishers, all of which was rapidly drowned out by the flood of campaign propaganda produced by both sides. It seemed that he was almost shell shocked by the war, and how violent and seemingly pointless it had been. It was reported that when he saw a veteran on crutches hobbling down the street, he broke down in tears. All of this did not bode well for his campaign, which was trying to convince the populace that the war had been a grand success.

A Liberty Party political cartoon created to remind voters of the Native raids that had occurred under Randolph
When election day arrived, the result was a humiliating electoral defeat for the incumbent president, the first time this had occurred in American history, although the popular vote was much closer. James Madison had secured 162 electoral votes from Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Virginia, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, and Maryland, easily crushing Randolph's 45 from North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Louisiana, and Tennessee. The stunning turn in this election can likely be attributed to a successful Liberty Party campaign to remind the nation of their defeats in the War of 1813, and them successfully propagating the idea that the war had been a waste of thousands of lives with no gain. Despite his crushing electoral defeat, Randolph's popular vote was only 5% behind Madison's, make this election a slightly less embarrassing defeat for him.
 
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So, Madison still becomes President, just after the war instead of going into it.

And the Federalists seem to be finally collapsing. Well, the three-party system was nice while it lasted.
 
The Liberty Party is back in business and the the Democratic-Republicans take a black eye with the first President being a one termer. If the Panic of 1819 arrives on schedule then the Liberty Party might be in trouble again.
I kind of want a William Henry Harrisson vs Andrew Jackson election.
 
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