The Alternate Book of 1960s

Puts the Flames of Africanism Out
Puts the Flames of Africanism Out

“I had intended to have gone into Africa incognito. But the fact that a white man, even an American, was about to enter Africa was soon known all over Zanzibar.”

Henry Morton Stanley

As soon as the news of the violent dispersal, followed by the news of their leader’s death, was heard by the revolutionaries, the movement began to fracture. Some of the revolutionaries deserted, while others began to fight with each other for the position of the leadership. There were still revolutionaries that tried to fight against the police forces, yet the spirit of revolution was dying fast. And, with this chaos, police forces of Zanzibar, which was entirely staffed by Arabs, begin to repulse the forces very bloodily. As the police officers crushed them, chaos amongst the revolutionaries increased, which meant police forces crushed them even more relentlessly, which meant that chaos amongst the revolutionaries increased…

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Chief Minister Muhammad Shamte Hamadi

By the time clocks showed 3 pm, most of the revolutionaries were crushed, and mostly killed, by the police forces and Chief Minister Muhammad Shamte Hamadi went to airs and announced a martial law all across the Sultanate of Zanzibar, alongside with the banning of Afro-Shirazi Party and Umma Party. Despite the heavy handed policies employed by the Zanzibari Government, however, given the bloody reprisal of the revolutionaries.

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Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah of Zanzibar

As the last revolutionaries were defeated, the remaining police force began to arrest any important person affiliated with the Afro-Shirazi or Umma Parties. Also, at the same time, Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah, a leader that was popular compared to the government due to his mixed ancestry, began to talk on the radio. Announcing his support for the government, he, nevertheless, relaxed some of the things said by the Chief Minister, declaring that new elections were going to be held in a few months and also stated some loyal Africans were going to be included in police forces as well. Yet, the Umma Party and Afro-Shirazi Parties still remained banned and martial law remained in place.

By the end of the day, at least four hundred revolutionaries were killed and four hundred people, affiliated with the Afro-Shirazi and Umma Parties, were arrested. And, order was restored… for now.
 
FUTURE FOR NEW ZEALAND…

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Government of Holyoake (Formed after the 1966 General Election)

Prime Minister: Keith Holyoake (National Party)
Deputy Prime Minister: Jack Marshall (National Party)
Minister of Agriculture: Vernon Cracknell (Social Credit Party)
Attorney-General: Ralph Hanan (National Party)
Minister of Broadcasting: Lance Adams-Schneider (National Party)
Minister of Customs: Norman Shelton (National Party)
Minister of Defense: David Thomson (National Party)
Minister of Education: Arthur Kinsella (National Party)
Minister of Finance: Harry Lake (National Party)
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Keith Holyoake (National Party)
Minister of Forestry: Duncan MacIntyre (National Party)
Minister of Health: Don McKay (National Party)
Minister of Housing: John Rae (National Party)
Minister of Immigration: Tom Shand (National Party)
Minister of Industries and Commerce: Jack Marshall (National Party)
Minister of Interior: David Seath (National Party)
Minister of Island Territories: Ralph Hanan (National Party)
Minister of Justice: Ralph Hanan (National Party)
Minister of Labor: Tom Shand (National Party)
Minister of Maori Affairs: Ralph Hanan (National Party)
Minister of Marine: Jack Scott (National Party)
Minister of Mines: Tom Shand (National Party)
Minister of Police: Percy Allen (National Party)
Postmaster-General: Jack Scott (National Party)
Minister of Railways: Peter Gordon (National Party)
Minister of Social Security: Don McKay (National Party)
Minister of Trade: John Marshall (National Party)
Minister of Transport: Peter Gordon (National Party)
Minister of Works: Vernon Cracknell (Social Credit Party)

News Events from the FUTURE!!!

“Educational Benefits Bill, proposed by the Social Credit Party, passed with the slimmest margins, as only forty one MPs voted in favor of the bill, with one National MP refusing to vote for the Bill. According to the Educational Benefits Bill, an educational benefit substantially equal to the cost in state schools of teaching secular subjects was going to be granted to the independent schools. This development was met with rejoicing in the Catholic Community and was met with protests from many people who claimed this will mean wasting money on the already rich institution…”

-TVNZ News Report in 16 February 1967


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Leader of Social Credit Party and Minister of Agriculture and Works, Vernon Cracknell

“Minister of Agriculture and Works, Vernon Cracknell announced the end of the Rural Development Plan. This plan included the reopening of the railway lines closed due to being uneconomic, building of railways measuring 108 miles exclusively between rural areas and opening of 3.189 party lines. This plan was widely acclaimed by the rural residents with one rural resident saying “Finally, someone in the government is caring about us”. Yet, this policy was not without its criticisms. With the plan entirely focusing on the rural part of the country, Minister Cracknell was accused of spending the money on building party support amongst the rural side. Also, there was criticism that this plan cost an unnecessary amount of money that could be used for better things.”

-TVNZ News Report in 20 August 1969

“As the election results for 1969 General Elections have been finalized, it seems like that Prime Minister Keith Holyoake will be forced to continue his coalition with the Social Credit Party, as the seat count of both National Party and the Social Credit Party did not change. On the other hand, the Labor Party won four seats and thus made their seat count to thirty nine. While Prime Minister Keith Holyoake did not comment on the situation, Leader of the Social Credit Party, Vernon Cracknell, said that he is ready to make a coalition with the National Party as long as the National Party agrees on continuing the current situation.”

-TVNZ News Report in 30 November 1969

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One of many railways constructed during rural development plans

“Did you read the new rural development plan envisioned by our Minister of Agriculture and Works? According to this plan, until 1972, 120 miles of railways were going to be built in the rural provinces of New Zealand. Not only this, my readers, but also there will be more party lines built in the… rural provinces! Do you know where this money will come from? Your pockets, of course, my readers! Not only your pockets, money will also come from debts. And as the state continues to pour more and more money into the rural districts of this country, our economy will not be fixed. All the government is doing is pouring money into a deepless pit called “Support of Social Credit.”
I say that this monstrosity must stop!”

-An Editorial written by an Unknown Newspaper in 1970

“The Government of New Zealand announced its opposition to the United Kingdom’s entry to the European Economic Community. Seen by many as a position taken by the government to make their Social Credit partners happy, it nevertheless affects the relationship with the United Kingdom badly, as numerous British politicians condemned this announcement, claiming it to be an interference from an outside force. While others claim that this was a move to make the Social Credit Party, who is opposed to the UK’s entry to the EEC, happy.”

-BBC New Report, 17 August 1971


New Leader of National Party, Rob Muldoon

“After the resignation of Prime Minister Holyoake, the top job seemed to be destined to Jack Marshall, rather bland deputy of Holyoake. After all, he was the favorite of the former PM. Yet, when Minister of Finance, Rob Muldoon entered the race, Jack Marshall’s path to power became harder. Yet, he seemed to pull it out. That was until the interview of Vernon Cracknell about the issue. He said that “He would prefer Robert Muldoon over Jack Marshall as a coalition partner”. This was interpreted by many in the National Party that Social Credit was going to abandon the coalition in case of Marshall being elected as the National Leader. So, in a very contentious voting, Rob Muldoon became both the Leader of the National Party and the Prime Minister of New Zealand.”

-TVNZ News Report in 7 February 1972

“As the last ballot boxes have been counted, it has been obvious that the Labor Party will form the government with a majority of eleven seats. All the seats Labor gained were from the National Party, with Social Credit managing to retain their two seats in the Parliament. And with this development, Norman Kirk became the next Prime Minister of New Zealand.”

-TVNZ News Report in 25 November 1972


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New Leader of National Party, George Gair

“Rob Muldoon lost the control over the National Party as the very contentious leadership race was won by George Gair, a well-known liberal within the National Party. With Muldoon gone, George Gair promised a return to the era of manners and sensible politics in his speech. What entails the future of the National Party, however, is unknown.”

-TVNZ News Report in 5 March 1973

“As the last ballot box was closed, it has been obvious that the National Party gained a, even if slim, majority. The National Party, led by George Gair, won fourteen seats from the Labor Party, yet lost two of their original seats to the Social Credit candidates. Despite this setback however, they still managed to have a majority, even if it is a majority of one seat.“

-TVNZ News Report in 29 November 1975


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Minister of Finance Derek Quigley

“Yesterday, the National Government suffered a heavy defeat as Minister of Finance Derek Quigley’s budget, which included the closure of unprofitable railway lines and a severe cut on unemployment benefits, was defeated by a coalition of Social Credit and Labor Party, alongside with four MPs from National Party led by Rob Muldoon. With the budget not passing, it is rumored that Prime Minister George Gair will push for a much more moderate budget which will not include the closure of unprofitable railway lines and much less severe cut on unemployment benefits.”

-TVNZ News Report in 12 May 1976

“After a month of negotiations, a new budget finally passed. This budget, by many experts, has been named “Soup Budget” due to many compromises made in the budget. These compromises included increased budget on the rural railways and small cuts on unemployment benefits. Thanks to these compromises, the budget gained the support of both the rebel National Party members led by Rob Muldoon and the Social Credit Party. Despite the passing of the budget, however, Finance Minister Derek Quigley said that “he was not happy with the changes happening to his budget.””

-TVNZ News Report in 19 June 1976


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Prime Minister Bill Rowling

“And, as the election finally ended, it became obvious that the National Party lost its majority, by losing five of their seats to the Labor Party and one of their seats to the Social Credit Party. Also, all the new constituencies were gained by the Labor Party. This means Prime Minister George Gair will be replaced by the leader of the Labor Party, Bill Rowling. Known for his superannuation scheme which was accepted by the National Party as well, he is also known for the establishment of the Rural Bank, which may lead the Social Credit Party to support some of his goals.“

-TVNZ News Report in 25 November 1978

“National Party entered, yet again, to a leadership race after the failure of former Prime Minister George Gair at retaining the position of the Prime Ministership. Candidates for the leadership election are former Finance Minister Derek Quigley, who represents the economically liberal wing of the party, and Peter Gordon, who represents the wing of the party that supported Rob Muldoon. Both of these candidates have disadvantages. Derek Quigley is best remembered for his radically liberal budgets that were forced to be moderated every time. Peter Gordon, on the other hand, is rumored to be forced for his candidacy by Rob Muldoon.”

-TVNZ News Report in 4 February 1979

“As the election ended, it became obvious that this election did not change anything, as every party in the Parliament kept the exact number of the seats they gained in the last election. This was due to the fact that the Labor Party retained a policy platform that only satisfied the members of the Labor Party, which included things like massive overseas borrowing and investing those money into the industries of New Zealand. The Social Credit Party managed to retain their seats due to the party’s loyal following amongst the rural residents of New Zealand and the fact that they still managed to keep rural provinces invested. The National Party, on the other hand, under the leadership of Peter Gordon, managed to keep all of their seats.”

-TVNZ News Report in 28 November 1981



(Rest of the news will be in the final chapter of the Alternate Book of the 1960s.)
Wouldn't the Coalition have brought in PR? AV,at least?
 
Order is Order
Order is Order

“Order is the law of all intelligible existence.”

John Stuart Blackie, reported in book written by Josiah Hotchkiss Gilbert “Dictionary of Burning Words of Brilliant Writers”

As weeks passed by, it has been obvious that the situation in the Sultanate of Zanzibar changed, for better or worse. Promise of Sultan Jamshid bin Abdullah regarding the police forces was kept, however, it had been obvious that all the Africans that were accepted to the police force were members of the Zanzibar and Pemba People’s Party, coalition partners of the Zanzibar Nationalist Party. There were elections held in a few months, but given the fact that no other party except the ruling coalition of ZNP and ZPPP was able to enter the elections.

This, of course, caused disruption. So, in order to prevent this, the Zanzibari Government decided to increase funds for the police force, while also requesting, once again, a battalion of British troops, which just like the last time was rejected. But, due to the near overthrow of the Zanzibari Government, the British Government decided that the best course of action would be sending military aid to the Zanzibari Police Force, including new rifles, lots of ammunition and new vehicles. Thanks to this aid and their increased budget, the police force rooted out the remaining revolutionaries hiding in the rural areas and arrested even more members of the Afro-Shirazi and Umma Parties.

And, when the election came, it was no shock to the people that all the seats were picked up by the ZNP-ZPPP Alliance. And, unlike all the last times, there were no riots on the streets, as the violent crushing of the revolution and arrest of more than one thousand members of the opposition parties was enough to crush the spirit of the rebellion. And, it seemed like that situation of the Sultanate of Zanzibar was going to continue like that. Arabs were going to control the political and economic side of things, while Africans were going to work for them.
 
Karume -one of worst dictators of all.
That is true. But, people ITTL don’t know it.
Also, as I understand, system in Sultanate was not good. It was obvious that country was turning into a one party state with racisl inequality. What replaced it was more chaotic and was possibly worse but, as I said, TTL people don’t know it.
 
One Party State (News from the Future)
FUTURE FOR ZANZIBAR…

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“Sultanate of Zanzibar, a country dominated by the Arabian and Asian minorities, has been a massive Western ally since its independence. And the leading coalition of Zanzibar Nationalist Party and Zanzibar and Pemba People’s Party, is the main cause of this.
While the majority of its people are Africans who rose up several times against the one party regime of ZNP-ZPPP (such as the attempted revolution two years ago which was crushed with a combination of iron fist and a velvet glove), ruling minority of Arabians and Asians are supportive of the system, alongside with some Africans from Pemba island who benefits from the system.
And, it seems like that system will survive, thanks to the heavy crackdowns and the small reforms.”

-Intro of a Documentary called “Zanzibar: Arabian Paradise in Africa”
 
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