Thank you for the heads up on Louis-Philippe, the correct title for the French Kings, and the correction on the song's title; I'll go back and amend them as soon as I can. I was actually aware that Charles' son, the Duke of Angoulême succeeded his father briefly before abdicating himself in favor of his nephew Prince Henri after all of 20 minutes. Its definitely an interesting story and I definitely didn't do it justice in the main update.This was an important point at the time: Louis-Philippe was king of the French, not king of France. (Also, his name is hyphenated. I don't know why the English Wikipedia page has the non-hyphenated version but this is incorrect.). Also, OTL Charles X abdicated in favor of Angoulême, who himself abdicated twenty minutes later, so there kind-of was a Louis XIX.
I did not believe these names at first, but this is completely correct. To clarify (all these Bonapartes are called Napoléon and/or Louis, making this family a mess):
- The former king of Holland is Louis Bonaparte. In 1830 he is 52 and in retirement in Austria.
- His first son Napoléon-Charles died in infancy.
- the people you write about here are his second son Napoléon-Louis, and his third son Louis-Napoléon (see?). TIL that Napoléon-Louis existed, and OTL he died of measles in 1831. And of course Louis-Napoléon eventually became Napoléon III.
(So you narrowly missed the eventuality of having Napoléon II fight against Napoléon III here).
While we're at it, what is Leo I's exact title, by which I actually mean at least three questions:
- what is the Greek title? (Basileus or some more-modern, less-Byzantine construction to placate the Powers)?
- (not a Greek speaker) I believe that Basileus is the katharevousa version and Vasilias the demotic one — which version is he using?
- is he king of Greece or of the Greeks?
- I am going to assume that *Hellenes* was the name used for the Greeks, right?
(Although all of these questions have one answer much more probable than the other, they delimitate an interesting spectrum from Vasilias tis Elladas to Basileus Rhomaioi).
Amour Sacré de la Patrie
Napoleon Louis actually had a slightly longer reign than Angoulême reigning for 9 days in 1810 as King Louis II of Holland after his father King Louis I Bonaparte abdicated in favor of his son. ITTL he is still alive after the failed Italian uprising in 1831 and is actually living in Switzerland with his brother Louis Napoleon and his cousin Napoleon II who also survived ITTL. Fortunately the cousins didn't come to blows directly during the conflict, but it is interesting that Napoleon II and Napoleon III were essentially on opposing sides during the 1831 Italian Revolt.
Leopold's official title is O Vasiléfs tis Elládos, the King of Greece or the King of Hellas. O Vasiléfs ton Ellínon, the King of the Greeks/Hellenes, would imply sovereignty over the Greeks in the Ottoman Empire and in the diaspora, as opposed to simply being the king of a specific plot of land. As such the Powers in the 1830 London Conference specifically gave Leopold the inferior title to mitigate any perceived rights the Greeks might have towards Ottoman territory on the basis of a Greek population living in those lands. You are correct, the Greeks called themselves Hellenes although many in the Ottoman Empire still considered themselves Romans, Rhomaioi at this time interestingly enough.