Moonlight in a Jar: An Al-Andalus Timeline

Wasn't a Heavenland related post revealed that Canada wasn't colonized by the Scandinavians, and Angland, later on? Or am I connecting two separate points on that one.
Is Alaska(that is how European Know North America, a corruption of Al-Aqsa ie the father west)
 
Is Alaska(that is how European Know North America, a corruption of Al-Aqsa ie the father west)
I think so, yeah.

Would be interesting if the Haudenosaunee manages to remain independent and modernize in the timeline, after the whole plague issue, though I think it might also be butterflied away...
 
I think so, yeah.

Would be interesting if the Haudenosaunee manages to remain independent and modernize in the timeline, after the whole plague issue, though I think it might also be butterflied away...
The Haudenosaunee exist in the timeline, since Hats pointed them out at the 1453 mapdate.
 
The Haudenosaunee exist in the timeline, since Hats pointed them out at the 1453 mapdate.
Ah, couldn't recall if they were founded pre or post POD. The real question is if they remain independent and not conquered by Alt!US. The Alt!Incas appear to maintain their independence in the modern period of the timeline.
 
Ah, couldn't recall if they were founded pre or post POD. The real question is if they remain independent and not conquered by Alt!US. The Alt!Incas appear to maintain their independence in the modern period of the timeline.
depend who colonize Alaska(otl North AMERICA) and what they haude do..they could pull an otomi and get support of the Andalusi
 
Ah, couldn't recall if they were founded pre or post POD. The real question is if they remain independent and not conquered by Alt!US. The Alt!Incas appear to maintain their independence in the modern period of the timeline.
It's honestly one of my biggest questions ever since late ACT VIII and ACT IX, since North Algarvian colonization will be more competitive than in the Central Algarves or in the South, where the Asmarids enjoy relative monopoly over these areas.

The Haudenosaunee definitely have a chance of survival, probably moreso than OTL, if there are more colonizers that have large swathes of territory like Angland, Al-Andalus, Denmark, France, the HRE, and Sweden. I'm not sure that they'll be a major force in the Algarves for very long though, since the plagues are going to hit them hard while there are foreigners and hostile Native tribes from all corners, leaving them unable to defend themselves unless they receive support from a European power.

The best case scenario for the Haudenosaunee, imo, is if they become a vassal to the Asmarids and convert to Islam, since they'll probably keep them as a buffer state against the Europeans or integrate them into their colony, leading to a more prosperous people as a whole. Worst case scenario is basically an aggressive European colonizer like Angland taking over the majority of the Eastern Seaboard while the Haudenosaunee are weakened by tribal conflict and disease, making them helpless against the Anglish invading their lands, similar to OTL where the Americans basically ripped apart the Confederacy after the American Revolution, leaving them destitute.

Regardless, the Haudenosaunee will leave a legacy to either the Andalusi, the Anglish, or some other European colonizer. They're often touted as one of the major influences behind American Republicanism, so it'll be interesting how a Republic will turn out in the Algarves, especially an Andalusi one. An Andalusi USA would be extremely interesting because of how integral Sudani people are within Andalusian society, being in far higher positions of power than in European ones. While there would most likely be Zanj slaves in this country, there would also be those in important political/military positions, making a Black head of state far more likely in that country than a European USA. It's the same when it comes to the chance of a Native Algarvian like a Haudenosaunee or a Meshishibian rising to head of state as well.
 
Regardless, the Haudenosaunee will leave a legacy to either the Andalusi, the Anglish, or some other European colonizer. They're often touted as one of the major influences behind American Republicanism, so it'll be interesting how a Republic will turn out in the Algarves, especially an Andalusi one. An Andalusi USA would be extremely interesting because of how integral Sudani people are within Andalusian society, being in far higher positions of power than in European ones.
Algravians reviving the Rashidun Ideal? techically the Rashidun era was the Original Islamic Republic.

Regardless, New world colonization will be a far different animal than OTL. Again with Inka still existing...maybe they proved a valuable source of slaves?
 
I feel like the Bataid cavalry would look like european and al Andulasi gendarme heavy cavalry, with perhaps some attempt to give it “Roman” looks. These would sort of be the equivalent to Byzantine cataphracts. Given they are much more hellenized and “western” culturally than the Ottomans.

Certainly the Bataids would also use light cavalry, probably with the Steppe bow.

I loved the portrayal of the infantry that was shown too.

I feel like Byzantine attire will get revived with some Turkic influence too though


Like the Toga/Tunic but rather than the Byzantine crown I could see a Turban not unlike Sulimans onion hat.


Seems they’ve created a imperial cult of sorts centered around a caliph inside Constantinople.

I assume the architecture is a revived but “Islamized” Byzantine style, and I could see similar court life.
 
Seems they’ve created a imperial cult of sorts centered around a caliph inside Constantinople.
Techically they call themselves thhe protector(and thus the ruler) of the abbasadid domain because that, like an islamic version of a shogunate(and pararel own situation in Andalus)
 
Techically they call themselves thhe protector(and thus the ruler) of the abbasadid domain because that, like an islamic version of a shogunate(and pararel own situation in Andalus)
Yeah I agree but I feel like the imperial cult also continues albeit with a Islamic touch under the Abbasids
 
I feel like the Bataid cavalry would look like european and al Andulasi gendarme heavy cavalry, with perhaps some attempt to give it “Roman” looks. These would sort of be the equivalent to Byzantine cataphracts. Given they are much more hellenized and “western” culturally than the Ottomans.

Certainly the Bataids would also use light cavalry, probably with the Steppe bow.
The Bataids probably consists of light cavalry, more so than the Andalusi or the Christians, due to influence from the Patzinaks, the Turkmen, and the Greeks themselves, who all used lighter cavalry in the past as steppe nomads or out of necessity against steppe nomads. Cuman mercenaries also reinforce this, making the Bataid cavalry a highly mobile force compared to the slow and cumbersome heavy cavalry that most Europeans often employ. The Berber cavalry is the closest analogue, although they don't have the same amount of firepower as a Roman horse archer.

Still, it doesn't excuse the ability of them utilizing cataphracts as elite heavy cavalry, which could prove useful against the armies of Hungary, the HRE, and the Asmarids.

Yeah I agree but I feel like the imperial cult also continues albeit with a Islamic touch under the Abbasids
There is no Imperial Cult, if you mean by divine veneration of the Caliph or the Emperor, which would be wrong, especially for Muslims. Not even the Ottoman Caliph, who had more authority and power than the Bataid Emperor/Abbasid Caliph, was treated as divine both in life and in death, merely a mortal leader to guide and defend the faithful. It seems highly unlikely that the Emperor or the Caliph would try to deify themselves amongst a Christian/Muslim population, lest they be violently ousted for idolatry and polytheism.

I assume the architecture is a revived but “Islamized” Byzantine style, and I could see similar court life.
I arguably think that Ottoman architecture could be copy-pasted into MiaJ and almost nothing would change, besides the significantly less Persian influences since they relied so much on existing Roman architecture. Overall, the Bataids culturally could be seen as another phase of Hellenistic revival, dominated by Greek culture instead of a Turkish-Persian one espoused by the Ottoman Empire, albeit under Islam.
 
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INTERMISSION: Dat Mapdate, 1482
I'm a bit late to this one, but here's the latest mapdate:




Western Eurasia and the Mediterranean:

* The Pyrenees: Urgell continues to stubbornly maintain its independence - it's one of those places that's too remote and too minor for the Asmarids to bother picking fights with, but too used to its independence to outright declare fealty to Romania. It's a Romanian protectorate, sure, but the Count here remains nominally independent. Newly left over, however, are the remnants of Navarre - the County of Aran, in the Val d'Aran, centred on the town and castle of Vielha. The people here speak Aranese, a form of the Gascon language - it's one of the langues d'oc. Aran has largely been left alone due to the difficulty of marching an army up here, and it's likely that the area will eventually be annexed by Romania or join it willingly.

* Angland: The Anglish tried to establish a settlement in Elderbeve in the early 1460s, but most of its people died over the winter and the survivors were picked up by Andalusian sailors and taken back to the Maghurins. They've had more success since: The settlement of King's Town was established in 1475 by a group of Anglish settlers, and the Archbishop of York has sanctified the effort by acknowledging that the lands the Anglish have discovered are, by right, King Robart's Land. Anglish pirates continue to ply the high seas in search of Andalusian merchantmen to prey on, but they're running into stiffer resistance now. At home, meanwhile, unrest in Scotland and Ireland is beginning to distract the throne - both regions recognized the Pope of Rome during the Tripartite Schism and still consider the church in Angland to be dangerously devoid of good Church influence.

* Denmark: When not dealing with tensions with Sweden and unrest in Norway, Denmark has been taking to the high seas. As an ally and trading partner of the Anglish, it's highly active in the North Sea. In the past couple of decades, Danish sailors have made it to the tip of Greenland, following the tales of the old sagas and rumours of a mythical "Heavenland" their ancestors discovered. It'll only be a matter of time before Danish feet touch Alascan soil. The New World, in other words, is set to be defined not by Spain in the early going, but by Anglo-Scandinavians following well behind Islamic Moors. Denmark at this point punches above its weight, being relatively wealthy from a brisk trade through the Baltic and the North Sea areas.

* Russia, Sweden, Novgorod, Prussia and Tavastia: The Bear is beginning to show its teeth. Over the past 30 years, Suzdal Russia has geared up significantly. It was always at war with its neighbours, but when Kirill the Great took power in 1457, he set his sights on removing the obstacles between Russia and European markets. That meant biting chunks out of Novgorod and gaining control of the fur trade and access to the White Sea. The war roped in Novgorod's ally Prussia and kicked off the Northern War, in which the Russians tore Novgorod into tiny pieces and smashed the Prussians clean out of parts of old White Ruthenia, recapturing Iziaslavl and everything around it in the process. The Bear looked poised to march straight into Finland from there, but Sweden swooped into the war in 1464 and propped up a Catholic pretender as ruler of the Tavastians, establishing a puppet kingdom and organizing the remnants of Novgorod's army and upper class to keep Kirill out of Scandinavia proper. The eventual Treaty of Vizersk saw Prussia forced to fork over tribute to the Bear, recognized Tavastia as a Swedish client and left the rest of Novgorod to Kirill's tender mercies. Russia has since pushed its hegemony up to the Northern Dvina and subjugated the Nenets there, and Kirill is now demolishing the Kabans and the Permyaks on his way to expanding Russian power all the way to the Urals, as is inevitable. But the other story here is Sweden, which is emerging as a power in the north in its own right.

* Poland and Ruthenia: Bordering the Bataids is never a fun place to be. Ruthenia lost its Black Sea access to the Bataids in a series of raids and attacks in the late 1460s, though a Bataid army was defeated at the fort of Khemev on the Dniester before they could push into Ruthenia proper. Finding itself surrounded by hostile powers - the Bataids to the south, the Russians to the north - Ruthenia has become cozier with the Polish, and the two noble families have intermarried quite a bit over the years. A formal alliance has emerged between the two, into which Qimir sometimes enters if it means wrestling Russia.

* Qimir: The Red Horde invaded Qimir in the late 1450s, flooding the polity with new qazaqs and toppling the local power structure. The Salchakobich Grand Princes remain in power, but they're relying more on the Argyns to provide their military muscle. The Salchakobichi themselves are of Tuvan extraction and are, like a majority of the people here, Nestorian - Qimir has a mix of Nestorian, Orthodox, Buddhist, pagan and Muslim believers, though the Christians predominate. They've got blackpowder weapons and have been able to ally with Ruthenia and Poland to keep Kirill the Great from gobbling any one of them up, though in truth it's always hard to tell who controls the areas outside of the Tauric Peninsula and the coast, given that the inland power structure is dominated by groups of wandering qazaqs who flow in and out.

* Circassia: Records here are always hard to come by, but Circassia has consolidated somewhat thanks to the turmoil in Qimir and an easing of tensions with Georgia. The Circassians have also largely adopted Nestorian beliefs, much of this thanks to the influence of Argyn arrivals from the Red Horde. Actually these arrivals are partially responsible for the consolidation and form a large chunk of a nascent ruling class, at the head of which is a king by the name of Shuwey - a name which denotes an intrepid horsemen. He's actually of Argyn/Basmyl stock but has become immersed in Circassian culture.

* The Bataid Empire: Hungry and rapidly transforming into a blackpowder force to be reckoned with. Not even the rise of the Irbisids to their east and changes in Egypt have been enough to take a bite out of them - indeed, they've expanded up the coast of the Black Sea. But their biggest move was swiftly subjugating the Hashimids and gaining control of Mecca and Medina, adding legitimacy to their claim to control the caliphate. The tribes of Nejd reject these claims - they consider the Bataids to be Turkmens and insufficiently orthodox, and they're in a constant battle with them. The Bataids mostly just shrug at this and continue to nibble on the edges of Hungary.

* Egypt: The fate of Egypt was decided in 1467, when a Bataid invasion was just barely thwarted by a numerically inferior Harabid army at the Battle of El Arish. The core element of the Harabid army was a mix of Berbers, Arab nomads and Turkic ghilman, and the Turkic element took the bulk of the losses, leaving a power vacuum. Into it stepped the most influential general in Egypt: Hasan ibn Al-Hakam al-Bayadhi is a member of the Banu Bayadh, a Bedouin tribe from Sinai descended from the Banu Judham. With the Harabids falling to decadence, Hasan swept them aside in the early 1470s and established himself as the protector of Egypt, refusing to pay tribute to the Bataids. The Bayadhids are mainline Sunnis of the Hanafi madhhab, but there are a few followers of Maliki among them, and there's talk of recognizing the Umayyad Caliph in the khutbah if it would mean tying Egypt to another strong country. The Asmarids haven't been very responsive yet.

* The Irbisid Khaganate: More properly, the Realm of the Snow Leopard Khan. The Irbisids are a Taban (Oirat) dynasty out of Khwarezm, led by a conquering general named Khubilai - a descendant of the Golden Khan. Once a mercenary, he managed to gain control of Urgench and Samarkand in the internecine wars between the post-Taban states, using them as a power base to go on a gigantic conquering spree. The Mezinids had nothing in the tank to deal with a generational threat from the north, and they folded quickly, reducing them to a rump in Balochistan. Khubilai - a Sunni whose totem is the snow leopard, the so-called irbis, or aq bars - has set himself up in Rayy as a dominant ruler, and he's eyeing the Bataids avariciously. In some ways, though, Khubilai is a typical Turkic conqueror whose realm may not last long after his death.




The Chinese and Indian Spheres:

* The Great Wu: Beginning to stretch their wings a little more, re-tributizing the Uyghurs of Qocho and exercising greater influence over the north. More to the point, the progression of steam technology is only continuing. Steam-powered trip hammers and bellows are becoming more common in forges in Chinese urban centres, leading to a steady proliferation of high-quality blackpowder weapons and metal tools. The first experiments with using steam-powered mechanisms to pump water are also under way, and proposals exist to use the technology to control things like locks or barge chains on the Grand Canal. The Dragon, in other words, is slowly beginning to realize what it has. It's slower and fighting against cheap labour more than it did OTL, but the seeds of an outright Industrial Revolution are being planted.

* Japan: Resentment against the Miura Shoguns exploded in recent years following the death of a particularly heavy-handed shogun, leaving behind only a baby as his heir. Mysteriously, the wee lad fell into a cistern, leading to every member of Japan's scheming regency council trying at once to assert their rights to the Shogunate. Japan is now in the middle of a free-for-all civil war, and the likely victor will be the Nanbu clan. The Nanbu are based at Morioka in northern Honshu and control most of the northeast of the island along with claims on Ezochi: They managed to beat the Ainu on paper, but rebellions there continue. While the Nanbu have momentum, however, opposition is rallying behind the Imagawa clan in the Aichi region: The general Imagawa Nobunori was a key member of the regency council and is seen as the most traditional candidate, with a solid court backing. The question is whether he can pull together enough support to match the Nanbu's bigger army and larger budget.

* Ryukyu: A hundred years of trade with Andalusian traders has resulted in Islam taking root on the island. Uchinaa proper has been brought under the control of the king based at Chuzan, who follows the traditional religion but has extended privileges to Islamic merchants. Local traders and nobility have begun to convert in some numbers. While Ryukyu does not have a Muslim majority by any means, it'll probably have one in a century or two, though there's a decidedly Buddhist flavour to it.

* The Nimanni Sultanate: Extending their control east into the sub-Himalayan regions of India and bringing Islam with them. They're engaged in a series of bloody wars with the Seunas, and while they gained some ground in the 1470s, the Seunas stalemated them in a battle somewhere in Rajasthan, bringing the Muslim push into India to a halt for a little while. Things are tense, though.

* The Lavo Kingdom: On the up-and-up. A war with the remnants of the Khmer in the 1460s and 70s resulted in Lavo annexing the rest of Cambodia, and tensions with the Avas of Burma and the Radhas of Bengal continue. Arakan, basically, is up for grabs at the intersection of Hinduism and Buddhism, and it's unclear who'll win out right now. Islamic traders are pretty common here and form minority communities along the coast.

* Champa: Hanging on despite China's control over the north. Actually that's taken a lot of heat off of them by sparing them war with their northern neighbours: The Wu don't much care if the Champa see to their own affairs, so long as they bend the knee to the Dragon.

* Ma-i: The OTL Philippines are undergoing something of a wave of state formation. The influence of traders from Aceh (and Mubaraka) has helped promote Islamic state formation in the central islands, where the Sultanate of Madyas is the key Islamic power, but the biggest mover in the archipelago is actually Caboloan, a large Wu client in the north. On Mindanao, meanwhile, Buddhism and Hinduism have the most influence, and the island is broken up into a handful of small Indianized kingdoms and a couple of sultanates.




Sudan:

* The Simala Emirate: Over the past thirty years, the Simala have only grown more prosperous. More than even the Andalusians, the people living along the Wadi al-Dahab have embraced New World crops, and the population of the area is exploding. Meanwhile, the Fulani grip on power has only increased, and they increasingly pull the strings in the Emirate. Fulani nomads and regulars form the backbone of the army, which has begun pushing down the coast with the help of Andalusian-style boats. The people of Bazagu continue to cause them problems, but they've basically gotten that far, increasing their hegemony and establishing new seaside villages and farming settlements in their quest for ever more farmland - and as they cut back trees for farms, they unknowingly roll back the habitat of the tsetse fly. A lot of this new settlement is taking place around the mouth of the River Kasamansa, where Serer and Fulani people are beginning to move in alongside the locals, the Jola. The Jola don't mind the Serer being there - the two groups believe they have common ancestry, and the Jola have welcomed Serer settlers with good humour - but the Fulani have been somewhat more troublesome to them.

* The Lolwe Empire: Luo hegemony continues to grow. The Lolwe Empire is the first true empire in the African Great Lakes, and not much is there to stand in their way. They subsumed the kingdom of Ankore in the 1470s and are enforcing tributary status on chiefdoms and tribal lands well south of Lake Lolwe as their power continues to grow. Armed with iron weapons and trading briskly down the Nile, the Lolwe are a rising Ismaili Shia power. That said, internal conflicts with Sunni and pagan Bantu-speakers continue to be an issue for them.

* The Hussenids: Inevitably, the Addi people have expanded and dogpiled up into Kanem-Bornu. The nomadic Hussenid tribe have managed to topple the Sunni kingdom there and replace it with a Shia dynasty of Hilalian stock, further expanding the post-Hilalian realm in Subsahara. The Addi takeover damaged a number of very old cities and has increased nomadism in the region, and while they're militarily powerful, their economy is still largely slave-based.

* The Warsheikh Sultanate: Presently at an apogee of their power. Somali merchants form a vital link on the trans-Sudani trade routes, and they've got new customers pining for Indian and Chinese goods: They're key middlemen for the Luo of Lolwe now. Warsheikh itself is becoming the wealthiest city in Subsahara, and the city has expanded its control to other Somali city-states thanks to a stronger navy and a larger mercantile fleet. There's really nothing they can't buy at this point.

* NiKongo: Bloody statecraft. Trends from 30 years ago are continuing: Asian rice has led to a population boom, and cassava has begun to arrive in earnest. The Emirate's leadership consists of a dynasty of the Kongo tribe, ruling out of the town of NsiKongo, which has adopted a lot of Moorish architectural tropes: While they make good use of local red/bronze-toned brick and the like, there are a lot of arches and other elements clearly cribbed from the Moors, saying nothing of the blue zellige tile. At the moment, NsiKongo is the largest city south of Binu, home to a solid 20,000 people and still growing. The Emirate looks almost certain to be the Big Guy in central Subsahara, though there are some smaller tribes beginning to organize around them....



The Algarves/Alasca

* The Great Lakes: We've touched on the emergence of the Haudenosaunee, but there's more activity happening in OTL Ontario. Conflict with the Haudenosaunee has seen the locals begin to consolidate under the Chonnonton, who are currently fighting both the Haudenosaunee and the Wendat over the fertile hunting lands between the lakes. OTL, these natives were known as the Neutrals, but they're becoming more consolidated under the Chonnonton tribe here.

* The Niitsitapi: They've veered southeast a little. The OTL Blackfoot are more likely to take the role of the Sioux, moving into the Dakotas in search of good hunting grounds.
 
The question is whether he can pull together enough support to match the Nanbu's bigger army and larger budget.
And the question is also who would control the Kanto Plain (where *Tokyo is today). Any daimyo who controls it would have the wealth and influence afforded by the rich rice paddies there, and consequently, the military power to be a major player in Japan. In OTL, it's what allowed Tokugawa Ieyasu to be such a big player and to win the civil war, founding the Tokugawa Shogunate. If the Miura Shogunate is named after the Miura Hills to the south of the Kanto, it seems likely to me that the Miuras control the Kanto. It's highly likely that the Nanbu and the Imagawa will fight over the Kanto. Someone loyal to either of these clans will need to subvert the Miuras into allowing their liege lord to move their military force into the area.

I'm assuming you're saving the information on the Algarvian states like Iskantinsuyu for the next post?
 
This mapdate is amazing as always, although Hats has definitely threw massive curveballs that shook our previous predictions to the core, mainly Persia and Egypt. The dynamics of the Middle East has changed massively, and it'll be telling how the Asmarid Hajib and the Bataid Emperor will react in the future in ACT IX.

Europe:
  • The colonization of the New World is already under way under the Anglish, with a much earlier colonization of the OTL Americas with the founding of King's Town. Already this will have massive repercussions on how Anglish, Danish, and potentially the Swedish colonize the Algarves, having a head start of their OTL counterparts, as well as settling in places further north to the continent. The Nordic states are on the rise, and it seems that they'll be the ones that'll be the driving force of the Christian Europeans during the Early Modern Period instead of Spain or France.
  • The HRE is looking to be at its apex once more, with the Kingdom of Italy being brought back into the fold after the Tripartite Schism. I also notice the cheeky Archduchy of Swabia, the home of the Geroldsecks, although it's sad that we won't get a city as iconic as Wien in their lands. Although, Swabia being a thing radically changes a lot about the status of future states such as the Swiss Cantons or Austria.
  • Russia is MASSIVE as of now, predictably eating up Novgorod in its wake in the Northern War, and probably will expand eastward quickly once obliterating the Kabans and the Black Horde. At this point, Kirill the Great might just declare himself a Tsar in a direct challenge to the Roman Emperor in Constantinople, since the ERE is gone and Orthodox Christianity is firmly rooted in Russia, so why not claim to be the Third Rome (albeit it's a lot more dubious in this timeline, but I don't think Kirill cares, if only to spite the Muslim Romans)? Regardless, the Bear is awake after sleeping for so long in MiaJ, and it'll be a major player in the geopolitics of Europe for years to come.
  • The Bataids are as militant as ever, and the Romans have been invading virtually everyone, no surprise there. With the submission of Arabia, they can surely and finally claim to be the Custodian to the Two Mosques, although with a Hilalian Shia Africa and an Umayyad Iberia, their actual religious authority is actually far smaller than OTL Ottomans. The mapdate changed quite a lot about what a future Umayyad-Abbasid War will look like though, as Egypt was saved from the wrath of the Romans in an Ain-Jalut like fashion and it seems that the new Bayadhids been eyeing to recognize the Umayyad Caliph instead of the Abbasids to maintain their independence. It's now far more likely that the Asmarids and Bataids will fight over Egypt instead of Ifriqiya, since Egypt is extremely important to both powers, especially the Bataids, due to their agricultural output and as a critical region in both the Eastern Mediterranean and Red Sea trade routes.
  • Poland-Ruthenia is arguably inevitable at this point, with their combined partnership allowing them to beat back hostile powers that they could not have done alone. With a weakened Prussia after the Northern War, they might be able to repeat the same successes that their OTL Poland-Lithuanian counterparts enjoyed and rise to become a major power in Eastern Europe in opposition to the Romans, the HRE, and the Russians. Here's hoping to a Poland-Ruthenia wank!
Africa:
  • The development of West Africa is truly a wonderful success story, as the earlier introduction of New World crops and the implementation of Andalusian farming practices has caused a population boom, especially for the Simala Emirate. Through deforestation, they've managed to expand a substantial amount into the Guinea region, albeit slowly. In addition, the employment of saqins or other Andalusian ships and the general wealth of the country through the slave and gold trade, they do seem poised to colonize either Africa or the Algarves, although it'll probably be more in line of the makzan models of colonization than the European one.
  • The Fulani are pretty scary though, given an early Fulani jihad or a coup from a Fulani military figure could throw the entire region into chaos. If a Fulani state does occur, then it'll be telling whether they'll be Zahiri rigorists or continue following the Maliki madhab. An expansionist Fulani Empire/Caliphate is probably not something that the Andalusi want to deal with though in the slightest.
  • In other areas of Africa, increased development is happening in places like Warsheikh, Kilwa, Ubinu, Nikongo, as well as other African polities due to increasing trade with the outside world, as well as population increases due to increased agricultural productivity. In the future, Africa could be seen as a place of culture and development on a scale equal to Eurasian ones, which was something that wasn't seen in OTL.
Asia:
  • It seems highly likely that we'll see the Industrial Revolution happen in the 16th Century, which is absolutely wild. While development has been slow, taking over 500 years to reach to the point, the seeds of the Revolution have been planted, and it'll only be a matter of time before they sprout and grow to immense heights in ACT IX. With the introduction of New World crops such as sweet potatoes, chili peppers or even amaranth/quinoa into China through the Andalusi, we could see an even bigger population boom than OTL due to potential mechanization and development of new agricultural practices. Wu China will be radically altered compared to its Ming and Qing counterparts due to being the epicenter of industrialization. Indeed, Napoleon Bonaparte once said that if China wakes up, the whole world will shake. It's becoming increasingly clear that is going to become a reality.
  • Japan has collapsed into a Sengoku Jidai period, with the authority of the Miura Shogun collapsing as daimyo continue to fight each other for dominance, similar to the situation with the OTL Ashikaga Shogunate. While the Nanbu clan seem poised to seize control of the Shogunate, I wouldn't count out Andalusi traders in throwing a wrench into the Nanbu's plans, providing daimyo like Imagawa Nobunori with blackpowder weapons that could cause a turning point in the entire conflict.
  • The expansion of Islam in Asia is certainly happening, especially in the Ma-i and Ryukyu regions, as more and more peoples of those regions convert to Islam due to the rise of Andalusi traders and scholars in the area. We'll see if the Ma-i region will be united under the Asmarids or whether it'll be separated by the Wu/Asmarid lines and engage in a sort of proxy war between Madyas and Caboloan.
  • The Mezinids collapsing was not expected at all, and it'll bring a new dynamic to the Middle East, due to the introduction of the new Irbisid Khaganate, who pose a far more dangerous threat to the Romans than before, especially if it survives. However, it could rapidly collapse as quickly as it has arisen, leaving a power vacuum that could easily lead to the Roman Empire annexing Persia into the fold or at least keeping the smaller Persian polities as vassals/tributaries. Unlike OTL, it really seems that the Persians are not in a good spot, due to the fall of the Mezinids while also being overshadowed by the Greeks as the premier cultural force in Eastern Islam.
Algarves:
  • Iskantisuyu will become big. That is all.
  • The early introduction of foreigners in the form of the Anglish will make some wide spreading changes in the North Alasca/Algarves, and there's already changes with the Chonnonton rising to oppose the Haudenosaunee/Iroquois and the Wendat/Huron tribes. It won't be long until the Neutral nation won't be so neutral after all. Also, we might see a MiaJ Wabanaki Confederacy also form to the east of the Haudenosaunee as more foreigners and hostile tribes cause the peoples of the dawn to coalesce together to beat back their hostile neighbors. The New World is certainly becoming more interesting indeed.
 
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I have a question about Russia, but if Russia has a different origin, shouldn't it have a different name?
 
Interesting to hear Madya-as turning autocratic sultanate and a different state taking over Luzon instead of Maynila/Tondo. Based on a Google search, Caboloan is Pangasinan based, which makes sense since that was a Chinese tributary state before the pirate takeover and Spanish conquest OTL.
 
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