Map Thread XX

Mega Korea Redux
Very impressive! A few questions:

do the different colors indicate elevation for the map of the empire? Mongolia looks very distinct from the rest, as if it is almost all at one elevation with little local variation.
What's the story with mega-New York in north America?
Speaking of North America, what is that area in the south with the red and black diagonals supposed to represent? Is that an alt-Deseret around Salt Lake city?
Europe (united Netherlands, the German Empire and it's border with Russia) is looking a bit butterfly-resistant: when was the POD?

One quibble: too many rivers. Most of us aren't here for the hydrography. :)
 
South America 1823.png


A map showing the state of South America at the beginning of 1823, at the end of the TTL's Latin American Wars for Independence (1809-1822) from the latest update from my timeline.
 
Damn. For more more immediate things, would internet and a relatively decent style of life persist in the territories ISOT'd, its not like its a small area so I assume most people would survive, right?
As it's quite a large area being transported, I'd think after the initial confusion and period of adjustment most people's standard of living would be slightly lower but still comfortable. With most of the ISOTs, I imagine replacing lost food imports, and securing a reliable energy supply would be some of the initial drivers of expansion.
 
At long last, the sequel to my Gallery of Nations has arrived.



1. Republican Empire of the United States of America (2032 AD) - Something is rotten in Washington and has been ever since 2009. In that year, Barack Obama, then the newly-elected President of the United States was shot by in the head with a sniper's bullet while visiting a factory in Michigan. Obama was rushed to a hospital and was in critical condition for weeks, a time in which House Speaker Nancy Pelosi de facto ruled the United States. When Obama finally regained consciousness, his personality had radically changed. The President had become paranoid and deeply disturbed, fearing any critic as a threat to his life. In addition, Obama became a cold, calculating drunk with tendencies towards physical aggression. Confidants would describe him as "no longer Obama". Despite misgivings among his Cabinet and staff, Obama returned to the White House and took back his responsibilities as President. In the following years, Obama would take steps to entrench himself in office. In response to the assassination attempt, white nationalist groups were officially outlawed, while the Secret Service was bulked up and increasingly broke up opposition party rallies on the grounds that they had been infiltrated by subversives. Guantanamo Bay was reinvigorated as political opponents of the regime were sent there for internment. In 2012, Obama handily defeated Republican nominee Michelle Bachmann after the Secret Service and FBI raided the Republican National Convention and unearthed a stash of neo-Nazi literature that was blamed on the Bachmann campaign. Most importantly, Democratic candidates won a number of landslide victories for House and Senate seats, and with these votes Obama was able to repeal the 22nd Amendment and ran for a third term in 2016. In an election seen as unfree, Obama won over 60% of the vote and nearly every state. An attempted coup by moderate military forces in 2018 failed when pro-Obama officers turned against the plotters, but only after the White House was stormed and Obama was force to flee to Camp David. Following that, the President became increasingly paranoid and ordered Democrats insufficiently supportive of his regime to be purged. After a winning a fourth term in a landslide, Obama introduced legislation transforming the United States into a 'Republican Empire'. Under this new government, a Consul (a position roughly analogous to the President) would have near absolute power and Congress would be a mere consultative body. With overwhelming support from Democrats, the Republican Empire was founded and Obama selected as Consul in a snap election. It is now 2032 and Obama still sits in the White House as Consul. The United States has become a pariah state and is left alone by most of the world's nations. Its economy has suffered from a lack of trade and attempts at reindustrialization of the Midwest have fared poorly. Obama and the Democratic Party still rule the country with an iron fist and show no signs of giving up anytime soon.

2. Rajamandala of Maynila (1832 AD) - The Rajahnate of Maynila grew out of Tagalog-speaking Austronesian peoples that lived in an area that would eventually come to be known as Maynila. A tribal people, the Tagalog were led by "Big Men", whose power derived from the consent of the community. This came to an end around 1000 AD, when Chinese and Indian influence reached the area. The Rajanate was born when a tribal Big Man took on a formal title and he created a kingdom along the lines of those found throughout the Indosphere. Though the center of the Indosphere was far away, the Rajanate of Maynila aligned itself with India rather than the much closer Chinese. Maynila grew to become a minor power and then a regional power. Though the actual domains of the Raja of Maynila were fairly small, encompassing only southern Lusong and several neighboring islands, the reach of the Raja was much further. The entirety of the archipelago, islands further north and south as well as ports on the Asian mainland all were part of the Maynilan economic sphere. This region gradually came to be identified as a Rajamandala, a concept identified by the 3rd century BC writer Chanakya in which a central kingdom is surrounded by circles of client states and, outside that, enemy states. The Maynilans have a stranglehold over East Asian trade routes in the 19th century after Christ. From the Strait of Malacca to Southern China and the shores of Japan, Maynila and its client states dominate the waves and their combined navies are more than a match for any upstarts that might bother them. They do, however, have their enemies, which include Japan and the recently unified Tu Dynasty in China. A more pressing issue is the arrival of ships from Europe under the Lion Banner of the House of Wolfratshausen. There are more than enough enemies of the Maynilans, and the only barrier to Maynila's destruction is the distrust these states have with each other.

3. Popular Runaka of Takutai a Tangaroa (2024 AD) - After colonizing Te Ika-a-Māui and Te Waka o Aoraki, it was natural for the Māori to move to seek to settle in other lands. In the year 252 after the discovery of Aotearoa, Eteka Taimana, a fisher and amateur explorer from the southern iwi of Ngāi Tahu sailed far to the west in a fit of anger after a dispute with his wife. He found a fertile land and stayed there several weeks, finding the offshore fishing to be superb. Naming the land Whenua o te Iwi Puri (land of the dark folk, in reference to the people that lived there) Eteka Taimana returned to his homeland. Ngāi Tahu was a large land, and there were plenty of Māori there that disapproved of the then-king. Eteka gathered a number of them and they departed, founding a settlement on the shores of Whenua o te Iwi Puri. His settlement grew and contracted over the next few years as disease stuck, yet, the baseline population steadily rose. Eteka Taimana declared himself Ariki of the new iwi of Takutai a Tangaroa (Tangaroa's beach, referring to the Māori god of fish) in the 278th year after the discovery of Aotearoa. He proved a poor ruler and relied on his loyal subordinates to keep his realm from collapse and, unsurprisingly, Eteka Taimana was murdered by his son eight years later. Takutai a Tangaroa grew slowly in the following centuries. The new continent proved vaster than Eteka Taimana had ever dreamed, and north of Takutai a Tangaroa, other iwi were established by Māori settlers from Aotearoa. Takutai a Tangaroa acquired a reputation as a place for any Māori from Aotearoa to go to when they had problems. It filled up with a mixture of criminals, freebooters, dissidents, and families simply seeking a better life. The combination of all influences from every different iwi that grew out of this melting pot created a society that was much less hierarchical and more freeform than anything seen in Aotearoa. The arrival of the Europeans in that corner of the world changed things. Though attempts to conquer the Māori failed, European influence grew. In Takutai a Tangaroa, the concept of republicanism spread out from European-inspired universities. In 1879, Ariki Raione levied a round of taxes on the population of Takutai a Tangaroa, allegedly to pay off a gambling debt (a rumor that was not true). Coming on the heels of a light famine, this was viewed as too much. When the Runaka, the iwi's consultative body complained to the king about the tax, he laughed them off. Within weeks, a majority of the members of the Runaka had declared their opposition to the king and launched a revolt to throw him from power and install his son. The revolt was easily hijacked by the growing Takutai a Tangaroa republican movement and when the Arika was deposed in the summer of 1882, the republican faction had its way and the government was replaced by the Popular Runaka, an elected version of the council that had existed before the Republican Revolt. Within three decades, Takutai a Tangaroa erupted into revolt once again. The conservative, landowning class that had begun the revolt and been tolerated by the republican majority on the council rose against the more urban and egalitarian republican faction. The revolt was bloody but quick, and the landowners were defeated. Much of their land was redistributed and their wealth was taken as spoils for the Runaka to fund its projects. It has been over a century since the War of the Rangatira and Takutai a Tangaroa has remained at peace. It has developed into a quasi-socialistic country, with a guaranteed income for all residents, and significant worker input in the industrial life of the state. It is technologically advanced, with a maglev system recently installed across the entire country. The Popular Runaka does, however, have its enemies in the form of the more conservative, monarchical Māori states to the north and east, which hope to wipe it out. There are many Māori in these states that would like to see their iwi adopt the Popular Runaka's form of government. Though everyone hopes for peace, there are many that believe those hopes will be dashed in the next few decades.

4. Emirate of al-Abama (2003 AD) - Islam exploded onto the world scene in the 7th century AD and never stopped conquering. After Muhammad's death, succeeding Caliphs invaded and secured lands from the Atlantic deep into the Hindu Kush. Though Charles Martel and the Franks put up quite a fight, the forces of the Caliphate took most of Western Europe, ushering in a long period of Islamic dominance over the Mediterranean. Though early caliphates aimed to have all Islam united under a single temporal king, the sheer size of the Dar al-Islam meant that venture was doomed to failure in a pre-industrial society. Several Arab and Berber dynasties ruled the area called Mauretania after the collapse of the Umayyad Dyansty and the rise of the Hamidids in the Christian year 1328. Though only a century and a half old at the time Saddam al-Irnam discovered the great continent of al-Waq Waq in the west, Hamidid sailors plied their ships to the west in search of riches. When rumors of spices and silver proved false, Old Worlders set up plantations and farming operations in the islands of the Sea of Muhammad. Using slaves brought from various Old World countries as well as native laborers, these quickly became prosprous. The Hamidids made the third largest island in the sea, al-Sakhra, their own and used it as a base from which they sent expeditions to points further north, south, and west. In 1729 AD, Kale Saad, a former Pentarch in the Hamidid Army and veteran of the Mali campaign made his way to al-Waq Waq where he organized a party to establish a colony on the northern shores of the Sea of Muhammad. Saad chose to go roughly to the area explored by the Sakswyns several decades before, which was around the outlet of a river called the Abama. The Hamidids made it there without much difficulty and established Hisn amir Ismail, a settlement on the western edge of the river near the Sea of Muhammad. A chance encounter with a Misri merchant made Kale Saad aware of the possibility of growing cotton along the shores of the Abama, and using European and African slaves, the colony of al-Abama grew by leaps and bounds and produced so much cotton that the Hamidid Emir made more from his domains in al-Waq Waq than those in Africa in the early 19th century. In 1911, the Emir Ismail V died in the Hamidid capital of Fez. His oldest son, the playboyish Ismail and a middle one, the shrewder and ambitious Mustafa, came to blows over the matter of succession. Though Mustafa had the support of the Hamidid's population, Ismail was backed by neighbors that hoped to weaken the dynasty. After five years of civil war, Ismail won with the support of foreign armies and was crowned Emir Ismail VI. Mustafa, with help from a washerwoman, escaped from the dungeon of the Royal Palace and fled to the coastal port of Anfa, where he gathered with supporters and fled to the colony of al-Abama. There, the local grandees declared their support for Mustafa and crowned him Emir of al-Abama. A punitive expedition from the homeland was defeated, and with Ismail VI's allies unwilling to help him, Mustafa was secure in his new position. In the next decades, he took steps to reform the al-Abaman economy. It had relied on slave labor since its birth, and while it had once been prosperous, it was lagging behind because of its lack of mechanization. Emir Mustafa brought in the necessary machines and increased al-Abama's cotton output, but made sure not to step on the toes of the slave-holding elite that had crowned him. Mustafa's more entrenched successors did not have those same debts to the al-Abaman elite, and later in the century issued decrees that ensured all slaves were treated with a modicum of dignity. al-Abama in 2003 is a place where the old meets the new. There are relics of the old, colonial, slave-holding days in the hinterland, where radical muftis and nobles still hold sway. Yet, there is industrialization along the coasts and even a push in the most cosmopolitan of cities towards the outright abolition of slavery. Many people of many different stripes call al-Abama their home, and the Emirate could take many different directions in the future.

5. Napoleonid Caliphate (1910 AD) - By all accounts, the young French general Napoléon Bonaparte was not a religious man. Though baptized in the Catholic Church, Napoleon referred to himself as a deist as a young adult. This all changed after Napoleon’s injury at the hands of an Ottoman musketball, which caused him to be laid up in a Cairo hospital. A chance meeting with a wandering imam opened Napoleon’s eyes to the Muslim faith and when his army returned to Europe, Napoleon stayed in Egypt alongside a handful of trusted men. After converting to Islam and charming the local gentry, Napoleon plotted the creation of his own state. Crowned Sultan of Egypt, Napoleon launched a war of independence against the French Republic and after that success, quickly defeated an Ottoman attempt to reconsider Egypt. Declaring himself neutral to European affairs, the task of expelling Napoleon was left for later by the British and Turks. Sultan Napoleon saw that his realm’s days were numbered if he did not build up his military, and in the early years of the 1800s, he hired the most technically adept officers he could find from Europe to train Egypt’s growing army. With a mixture of competent yet unambitious European advisors (Napoleon constantly feared being deposed by a European adventurer) and intelligent native Egyptian officers, the Army of Egypt was transformed from a rabble of Nile farmers to a well-trained, modern force in just a few years. When the French Republic finally fell to the Austrians in 1811, Napoleon encouraged the emigration of French republicans to Egypt. More importantly, French arms and ammunition was smuggled to Napoleon’s realm where it found its way into the hands of the army. Almost immediately after the defeat of France, the Ottomans launched an attack on Egypt. Overconfident and expecting an easy victory, the Turkish army was nearly annihilated at Ismailia, and Napoleon drove into the Levant, taking Jerusalem and marching on Beirut. After routing a much larger Ottoman Army near Hatay, the Sultan sued for peace and ceded the entirety of Palestine and southern Syria to Egypt. Meanwhile, the British were forced to focus on North America, where they had become involved in a protracted war to end the young United States of America. Seeing Napoleon’s victory over the Ottomans and realizing he would not be a pushover, Britain pushed plans to unseat Bonaparte back even further. In the years after his defeat of the Ottoman, the Egyptian Sultan worked to grow his army and pushed further south down the Nile. In 1828, the aging Sultan Napoleon attacked the Ottomans in coordination with the Russians and Austrians , ripping off Mesopotamia and Arabia for himself. Napoleon would die in 1835 from complications of the wound sustained in his 1798 campaign. Ali, his young son by his second wife, the daughter of an Egyptian general, took the throne. Under Ali's reign, the Egyptian tricolor would be planted successively deeper into Africa, and by the time of his death in 1888, Egypt stretched from the Mediterranean down to the source of the Nile. Playing European states against one another, Egypt managed to industrialize and had a stranglehold on trade through the Suez Canal and exports a lions share of the world's supply of cotton and precious metals from Central Africa. In 1910, Egypt under Muhammad Napoleon I is one of the world's great powers. Having once again defeated the Ottomans, Egypt has established a protectorate over the rump Turkish state and has an army strong enough to face off against any of the European states. Since the crowning of Muhammed Napoleon as Caliph in 1903, the dynasty is seen as the premier Islamic power in the world.

6. Quilombo Confederacy (2015 AD) - While the Fall threw much of the world into chaos and anarchy and most peoples suffered immeasurably, this was not true for the maroons of Brazil. Escaped slaves and their descendants living in Quilombos, settlements on the frontier of European colonies, the maroons prospered in the aftermath of the meteor shower's destruction of the Portuguese Empire. When Lisbon was decimated by a tidal wave in 1778 and trans-Atlantic trade largely ceased, the colony of Brazil fell into chaos. While the Quilombos experienced some food shortages in the years immediately following the Fall, their long history of self-reliance helped them at at time when Brazil was suffering. Many slaves took advantage of the chaos following the Fall to run away from their masters on the coast. These runaways bolstered the populations of the Quilombos and allowed them to conduct offensive operations for the first time. When the young João the Clement arrived from Angola in 1793 and attempted to take the throne as Emperor of Brazil, civil war broke out as the landowners rose up against him. In the war between royalists who styled themselves Portuguese and the republicans that called themselves Portuguese, the maroons gradually encroached on both sides. At the time of the war's conclusion in 1807, the maroons had formed an alliance of their own and become more powerful than the devestated Commonwealth of Brazil that grew out of the republican cause. As slavery continued out of necessity for the Commonwealth's economy, flight became more frequent, further straining relations between the Europeans and maroons. The First Maroon War, fought from 1822 to 1826, saw only minor border adjustments, but the quilambos had taken steps towards a political union. After their victory in the Third Maroon War (1879-1891), the Quilambo Confederacy was formed as a federation of semi-autonomous small states. A central council comprised of a delegate from each Quilombo (which typically comprises of a large town with several outlying settlements and surrounding farmland) rules over the Confederacy. Individual Quilombos are a mixture of democratic systems and more than a few monarchies. Throughout the 20th century, the Confederacy has grown further inland and advanced technologically. In 2015, it still remains a sworn enemy of the Brazilian Empire to the south. Brazil remains much more developed and the days of the Quilambo Confederacy could come to an end if Brazil is able to solve its internal disputes and attack the maroons.

7. Southern Ming (1825 AD) - After the defeat of the Ming Dynasty in 1644 and the rise of the Manchu Qing Dynasty, a series of Ming successor states arose across Southern China. Often short-lived, these states were ruled by princes and generals claiming to be supporters of the old dynasty as well as distant members of the dynasty who claimed the right to be Emperor. The strongest of the Ming commanders was Zheng Chenggong, the Prince of Yanping, who led armies for a series of bandits and successors. A master strategist, Zheng Chenggong was able to defeat the larger Qing armies and his diplomatic machinations enabled him to unite a diverse array of anti-Qing forces in southern China. In the 1660s, after an expedition to the north in which Ming loyalists sacked Hefei, Zheng established himself as Lujunsiling, a position comparable to the Japanese shogun. Though a Ming Emperor still reigned, Zheng was the true leader. After the decisive defeat of a Qing strike towards the capital of Changsha, the Qing sued for peace and an uneasy truce descended over China. The Ming would reign in the south and the Qing would control the north. A masterful statesman, Zheng Chenggong was able to make deals with Europe to acquire modern weaponry. A decade after the defeat of the Qing, the Southern Ming would attack Dutch Formosa and take it. In the following century and a half, the power of the Southern Ming would grow while the Qing would become weaker and more prone to frequent internal strife. In the current year, the Southern Ming are an industrialized state that is increasingly Christian. The power of the Lujunsiling was broken in the 1760s, and the Ming are ruled as something of a constitutional monarchy with a legislature comprised both of literati and elected officials. Their future looks bright, and the ambition of the Emperors is limitless. If its armies are unleashed, all China and Indochina could be under the yellow Ming banner someday soon.

8.Grand Chieftaincy of Cjuzqe Negcqulqandla (1000 AD) - During the the age in which the better part of northern Africa was a fertile, hospitable savanna, a great number of peoples from surrounding regions settled there. As the Sahara became increasingly dry, these groups fled. A peoples that in another world would have been the ancestors of the Bantu moved north, establishing itself at the Strait of Gibraltar at roughly 1500 BC. These people, known as the Gntu (roughly "people" in proto-Gntu) to researchers, would eventually developed canoes capable of taking them across the sea and a number of them settled there in a country they called Cjuzqe Negcqulqandla ("land across the sea") The language of the inhabitants diverged, eventually becoming known as Northern Gntu, which referred to a host of dialects spoken throughout the peninsula. The Gntu fell under the rule of various different Mediterranean empires and were independent at intervals between their domination by foreign powers. In these intervals, however, the Gntu were divided into regional states ruled by leaders commonly referred to as Chieftains. After the collapse of the Enlilic Mystic Noocracy in 703 AD, the Gntu states were left in peace. In 793, Dewasu, Chieftain of Xqixunte, a large state on the southern edge of Cjuzqe Negcqulqandla launched a campaign against his neighbors. Using modern technologies including the Flying-Boat and Armored Chariot, the armies of Xqixunte were unstoppable. Dewasu had united all the states of Cjuzqe Negcqulqandla by 816 and planned an invasion further north into the lands inhabited by the Ugrs and Gults. Days before the invasion, Dewasu was gunned down by the son of a chieftain he had deposed. Following this, Dewasu's son and heir, who though a savvy administrator, was a poor warrior, reformed the kingdom, creating a series of regional autonomies where the deposed Chieftains were appointed as Prefects-for-Life. The Grand Chieftaincy has survived since then, and is a prosperous power. Though it does not have much of a maritime tradition, its ports have become prosperous. Goods from the western world are unloaded in Cjuzqe Negcqulqandla and then sent by rail further into Eurasia. Cjuzqe Negcqulqandla remains at peace, though it maintains a large and strong army. It is frightened by reports of a wave of neo-Enlilic violence in the Near East that has the potential to restore the Mystic Empire.

9. Thirtieth French Republic (12,356 AD) - In the 109th year of the reign of the 34th Buddhata-Emperor, an Imperial exploration flotilla tasked with the exploration of the Orion Arm came across a small planet known as Earth in the native dialect. Under the command of Admiral Raffius Shew, a landing was affected and the Empire made contact with the human inhabitants of the world. The landing craft came down on a peninsula extending from the west of the world's main landmass. An interview with dignitaries of the region yielded some surprising results. The dignitary identified himself as Pierre de la Croix, a bureaucrat in the service of a state called the Thirtieth Frenchh Republic that he claimed descended from a pre-space flight state of the same name. de la Croix made the tall claim that the planet Earth was the original home of the human species and that during the days of the Fracturing, the Earth was heavily impacted and when the dust cleared, states were established in the tradition of those prior to the Terran Empire. And so the French language, culture, and state, which had not existed for millennia, was revived by the racially diverse inhabitants of Western Europe, many of them being the descendants of workers from further east in the main continent or the tropical continent to the south. France has survived for many thousands of years, though it has gone through a number of different governments including kingdoms, empires, and republics. The current state was founded approximately 110 standard years ago when the so-called Twelfth French Empire was overthrown in a merchant rebellion. The Thirtieth Republic has middling relations with its neighbors, which include the Thirteenth Reich, the Quadroman Empire, New Congo, and the United Kingdom of Greater Britain and Canada.

10. The Domains of Bon-Louis of Westphalia (1866 AD) - Napoleon's decisive victories in Russia over Barclay de Tolly and the subsequent capitulation of Alexander I brought peace to the continent. Though war with Britain would continue for years more, all the powers of the mainland had governments either subservient to Napoleon or governments too scared to take up arms against him. Napoleon actually managed to settle down and was in Paris or the Imperial Capital of Aachen for most of the 1820s and early 1830s. The Emperor had only a single son, and Napoleon's siblings jockeyed for power, hoping to take the title of Emperor after Napoleon's death. Though Napoleon became mellower in his age, he recognized this and took steps to curtail his siblings power. Joseph of Spain and Jerome of Westphalia both saw their titles revoked and were replaced by the Emperor's loyal Marshals. The Marshals, loyal to Napoleon since his days as Consul, were firm allies and promised to back his son when he died. This might have worked, but in 1838 the unthinkable happened. Gaspard Oosterhoff, a Dutch student and ardent member of a nationalist society called the Young Netherlanders traveled to Paris. As Napoleon I and his son, the King of Rome, departed his city palace, Oosterhoff tossed a bomb into their carriage, which exploded, killing both of them. As news spread along the railroad network built by the French, Europe was thrown into chaos. The aging Joseph Bonaparte, former King of Spain, was in line for the throne, yet he was hated in Spain and distrusted by Europe and the Marshals. In March of 1839, the Marshals and the other great men of Europe gathered at Austerlitz Palace (Versailles had been renamed because of its connections to the Ancien Régime) to hash out the line of succession and find a suitable candidate to become Emperor of the French. After weeks of discussion no candidate was selected and the attendees went home. Joseph Bonaparte then proceeded to march on Aachen, and crowned himself as Emperor after dispersing the Palace staff. Within weeks, five rival candidates for the Imperial Throne had declared themselves and raised armies. Among these were Louis II of Holland, Achille I Murat of Naples, Jeannot de Moncey of Westphalia, and even Napoleon's bastard son Charles Léon. As these men fought among themselves, Spain and the client states of Central and Eastern Europe broke away from the Empire. The so-called French War of Succession lasted five years and was ultimately inconclusive. Joseph had been defeated, and Aachen lay in the hands of Louis and the Hollanders. Louis II was, however, too weak to attack the Westphalians and the war ended with France and its client states divided into several different spheres, each led by one of the claimants to the throne or their successor. Jeannot of Westphalia passed away in 1842, and his eldest son Bon-Louis ascended the German throne. He proved a poor general, but was intelligent enough to leave fighting to more competent underlings. By the time peace came in 1844, Westphalia proper had expanded at the expense of the Prussians, Dutch, and Swiss, while a large tract from the Rhine to the Seine had fallen under Westphalian control. de Moncey's realm would remain that size for two decades. Bon-Louis spun off the French-majority territories as the Principality of Bourgogne, of which he was Prince in addition to King of Westphalia. In the Rhineland, he would subtly support German nationalism, and harness it to intimidate the Austrians and Prussians. Now, in 1866, de Moncey's empire is one of the more powerful in Europe, having a massive land army and intense industrialization along the Rhine. With the death of Emperor Louis I (formerly Louis II of Holland), there are rumors that the House of Bonaparte (this particular branch) might decide to reconquer Europe once again.

11. Kingdom of Jerusalem (1625 AD) - Despite the odds being against them, the Roman Catholic Crusaders were able to carve out kingdoms in the Holy Land in the 12th century. Later Islamic counterattacks nearly pushed the Christians into the sea, but again, defying the odds, they always recovered from these setbacks and were able to hold Jerusalem and a strip along the Levantine Sea. The most powerful of these states was the Kingdomof Jerusalem, ruled over by the descendants of a Norman count. The people of the kingdom were a diverse group, with all faiths and languages represented there. The Catholic plurality, however spoke a bastardized form of French with heavy Arabic, Aramaic, and Greek influences (a language that came to be known as Levantine). Jerusalemites successfully fought off the Turks and later the Mongols, though the populace would remark that they had little help from Christian Europe. Though focused on the Holy Land in the early part of the millennium, once the city of Jerusalem was secure, the Church began to focus elsewhere. It helped the Iberians beat the Muslims in the south and encouraged the continuation of the Reconquista across the Strait of Gibraltar. There was a sense of abandonment in the Crusader states as Europe and the Church focused on other affairs. In the late Middle Ages, all across the Europe, cracks began to appear in the hegemony that was the Catholic Church. With the spread of the selling of indulgences and a series of Popes that acted like merchants, many Christians lost faith in the Church. A number of brave men broke with the church in this era. Some, like John Wycliffe, published subversive tracts but escaped with their lives. Others, like Jan Hus, were burned at the stake as heretics. In 1518, a German monk by the name of Martin Luther nailed a list of 95 complaints he had with the Catholic Church into a church door. Unlike previous opponents of the Church, Luther gained widespread support. So began the Protestant Reformation. Inspired by Luther, dissident priests throughout Europe broke with the Pope, establishing sects of their own. Though meant as a bastion of Catholicism, the Holy Land proved unfaithful to the Mother Church. In 1523, Simon Bacheler, a monk from Ascalon posted a list of his grievances on the door of the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem. In addition to the usual complaints about indulgences and Popes spending their time advancing their personal wealth, Bacheler mentioned insufficient support from the Church for the defense of the Kingdom of Jerusalem. The arrest of Simon Bacheler helped his cause more than any of his sermons did. Jerusalemites rallied in support of the imprisoned priest, and Lutheranism spread throughout the Holy Land. Though Patriarch John III of Jerusalem wished to have Bacheler charged with heresy, popular opinion prevailed and Bacheler was released. He hid and produced his magnum opus, a translation of the Bible into Levantine. Lutheranism spread like wildfire throughout Jerusalem and the other Crusader states in the following decades. Though officially banned, the presence of Lutherans in the court and nobility meant in practice there was religious freedom provided Lutherans were peaceful. A number of Calvinist, Zwingliist, and Hussite priests would venture into the Crusader States in hopes of converting the birthplace of Christianity to their sects. Though small communities were established and even played minor roles in the religious upheavals of the 1570s, they were not large. The troubles of the 1570s and 1580s came about when Lutherans tired of having a Catholic king revolted. Though these revolts all failed, the Protestant cause won in the end as after the death of Baldwin V in 1585, his Protestant son ascended the throne as Baldwin VI. Of course, not everyone was satisfied, and Baldwin VI's younger brother Henry rose up. Despite the support of the Pope and contingents from the Italian states and the Iberian Kingdom, Henry was defeated and Baldwin VI was recognized as King of Jerusalem and within a year declared his realm a Lutheran one with limited tolerance of other faiths. Now, forty years after Jerusalem became Lutheran, news comes that the new Pope (a Jesuit) is considering a new Crusade to reclaim the Holy Land for his particular branch of Christianity. Jerusalemite King John II hopes that his alliances with European Protestants and his Muslim neighbors will be strong enough to defeat the Catholics.

12. Transalleghenian Republic (1905 AD) - Following the defeat of Washington's Revolt, many of the men that had taken up arms against the crown fled their homes and settled elsewhere. Rebel leaders like John Adams and Thomas Jefferson settled in the Netherlands, while a number of rich Southern landowners emigrated to the slaveholding domains of Spanish America or the Dutch Cape Colony. Of course, sailing across the sea took money, money that the average rebel did not have. Many of these rebels, fearing retribution (unfounded rumors of British massacres of all demobilized Continental Army troops spread like wildfire at the time), crossed the Appalachian mountains and established themselves in the rough and tumble Overmountain settlements. The men there had crossed the mountains a decade or two before in direct defiance of the crown and Treaty of Lochaber. Detachments of these men came back east during Washington's Revolt and fought alongside the Patriots there. Their courage and commitment inspired the wave of migrants in the early 1780s. The Overmountain towns existed in a strange state of limbo, having given up their arms, yet living in British territory. In 1798, inspired by news of the success of the republicans in the Jacobin Wars in Europe, a group of Overmountain Grandees signed their own Declaration of Independence Logan's Fort. With the British engaged fighting the republicans, the Transalleghenian Republic (founding fathers Shelby, Sevier, and Boone felt a Latinized form of the term 'Overmountain' would work to their advantage in Europe) won its independence after defeating the tiny British garrisons in the region. Attempts at revolts in Canada and the Atlantic colonies were quickly defeated, and with more brutality than the one thirty years before. After the cessation of hostilities in Europe in 1811, a small British expeditionary force was defeated on the Ohio, and the British gave up any attempt at reconquest, believing the number of casualties would make the prospect untenable and that Transalleghenia would break apart within several years anyway. This assumption proved to be dead wrong. In the following years, Transalleghenia grew by leaps and bounds as settlers streamed in. They encroached on British settlements north of the Ohio and even as far down as the Gulf of Mexico, making those areas de facto parts of the Republic. Despite an official ban on trade between the colonies and the Republic, raw materials flowed east and industrial goods flowed west. As Transalleghenia grew prosperous and its democratic system flourished, colonists found themselves wondering if it was worth staying with Britain. More than a few tax-collectors were lynched and the offices of British companies were often found burning late at night. Several minor risings were put down in the 1810s. The final straw came in 1825, when slavery was abolished in British North America. The southern states burst out into revolt, and unrest quickly spread north into the resentful Midatlantic, New England, and Canadian colonies. Unlike the Continental Congress during Washington's Revolt, there was no central organization for the rebels. They fought under many different banners as soldiers of a number of different republics and confederations (some of which broke apart while at arms) By 1832, Parliament felt North America was more trouble to keep than it was worth, and decided to leave. In the wake of their withdrawal, over a dozen different states lined the Atlantic seaboard. Though once home to mighty ports and agricultural regions, decades of unrest and seven years of open warfare had devastated these areas and their populations. Transalleghenia, once a backwater, was left as the strongest power in North America. Dominating its eastern neighbors and using their ports for both imports and exports, its settlers marched steadily west, winning wars against the Mexicans and establishing itself on the shores of the Pacific. By 1900, it had become the powerhouse of the continent. Though largely agricultural, its strength lies in its vast, scrappy (and almost entirely Anglo) population, which allows it to lord over the more industrial states it neighbors. Though terrifying in its strength and size, Transalleghenia just wants to be left alone and is therefore absent on the world stage.

13. Gēwtlewn Circuit of the Aónikenk Folk (2678 AD) - The Aónikenk were quick adopters of the industrial technologies that came south from the Pan-Tupian Complex in the latter half of the 18th Christian century. The nomadic Aónikenk were forced to settle down in order to fully use new technologies, and as they transformed into a sedentary society, they organized themselves into Circuits, which were comprised of several bands and were largely self-sufficient. Though independent and prone to fighting between them, the Circuits all fell under the rule of the Grand Circuit, the name for the Aónikenk cultural sphere. When one Circuit was threatened from the outside, the entirety of the Grand Circuit often threw its full weight against the aggressor power. The Aónikenk circuits were late entrants into the colonial game, acquiring large, ocean-going ships nearly two centuries after their creation in the Arawak thassalocracies. In the 21st and 22nd centuries, when Aónikenk populations at home became too large for the land to sustain, large portions of overpopulated Circuits simply packed up and moved across the sea into Romusu (lit. Greater Rome in Pan-Tupi) and Sanya (Azania) Though by no means the largest Over-Sea Circuit, Gēwtlewn was undoubtedly the most prosperous. Established on larger of the two western peninsulas of the island the natives called Prydan, Gēwtlewn is the Aónikenk for "far mountain". Though initially comprised mostly of farmers, the Gēwtlewnites eventually became miners. From the mountains they extracted coal, which was sent back across the sea and to other colonies in Europe and even Dzonggwo. As the civilized portions of the world has gradually evolved beyond the need for extensive human labor and eradicated want, Gēwtlewn has become a land of leisure dependent on tourism. Gēwtlewn's mountains are home to massive resorts that encourage hiking and camping. Recently, authors of branching path tales have become infatuated with the concept of the Prydanish Gumreg people colonizing the Aónikenk homeland in a world where the peoples of Romusu became dominant in the world. The very thought of it! Surely there never were enough Gumreg to settle that vast, peopled land.

14. League of Gerar (814 AD) - At some point roughly 2,000 years ago, the ancestors of the Nadzim left their home in the Levant and settled in the land that is now known as Nadzeretz. Facing pressure from the Assyrians and Egyptiaans as well as other Semitic peoples, the Nadzim made a two decade trek by land and sea. While safer than the Levant, Nadzeretz had rocky soil and a proved a poor place for agriculture. Most of the Nadzim lived by the shores of the sea and the interior was little settled. Though never completely backwards, Nadzeretz was not known to be a technologically pioneering state and was notable primarily because of the strong faith of its inhabitants. The people of Nadzeretz worshipped a single god, who they called Yahweh, yet acknowledged that other gods existed, but viwed Yahweh as the national god of their people and the others as irrelevant to them. Nadzim merchants were found throughout the Mediterranean and colonies were even established on the coasts of nearby lands, yet the culture of the peninsula never became as dominant in the Mediterranean basin as it might have given the advantageous location of Nadzeretz. The Nadzim actually fell under the control of various empires at various times between 1000 BC and 400 AD and though attempts were made to wipe out their culture, the Nadzim always survived and when the occupation had ended they had acquired new technologies and tools. After the collapse of the Nubo-Kemetic Empire in 435 AD, the Nadzim found themselves free once again. The following centuries came to be known as the Nadzim Golden Age. The focus inwards of past centuries came to an end and Nadzim merchants traveled the seas and established colonies like never before. Though not politically united, the Nadzim felt themselves safe. This facade came tumbling down in 801, when news from the north indicated an Indo-European warlord had united disparate steppe tribes under his banner, proclaiming himself the Earthly emissary of a god that inhabited an asteroid. His armies swept south, overrunning the Hurrian settlements along the Black Sea and making their way into the Balkans. The King of Gerar, a town in central Nadzeretz, called representatives of all the Nadzim cities together. There, the League of Gerar was born. It would act as an organization to coordinate the defense of the Nadzim states and protect against the Solarist hordes. In 810, it began to build a series of forts along the northern border of Nadzeretz and rotated contingents from each state in and out of those forts to provide year-round defense of the peninsula. Now, in 814, the Asteroidist Horde approaches this line of forts and the League will be put to the test. If the Horde can break through the defenses, they will surely plunder every city of the Nadzim and bring a sudden end to the Golden Age.
 
This might be of some use.

(snip)
Hate to rain on your parade here, but muturzikin.com's linguistic maps are notoriously inaccurate. They consistently overrepresent minority languages and overemphasize the divides between dialects of the same language. Look at the maps for a place you're more familiar with if you don't believe me.

EDIT: Now that I look at it, the minority languages in some areas aren't even in the right place. In my home state, they've got overwhelmingly Anglophone places like the Monterey Bay shoreline and the northwestern LA suburbs labeled "español & english", while large stretches of the Central Valley with lots of Spanish-speakers are just labeled "western english".
 
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Hate to rain on your parade here, but muturzikin.com's linguistic maps are notoriously inaccurate. They consistently overrepresent minority languages and overemphasize the divides between dialects of the same language. Look at the maps for a place you're more familiar with if you don't believe me.

EDIT: Now that I look at it, the minority languages in some areas aren't even in the right place. In my home state, they've got overwhelmingly Anglophone places like the Monterey Bay shoreline and the northwestern LA suburbs labeled "español & english", while large stretches of the Central Valley with lots of Spanish-speakers are just labeled "western english".
Thanks for pointing that out. I'm disappointed to hear that. When doing research on languages from now on, I'll be more careful to seek out sources that have shown more concern for accuracy rather than taking so many creative liberties.
 
The Nizam's domain.. Adding the coat of arms definitely improved the aesthetics, but it seems to be unreadable. :/

As usual, I thank @Stateless as his pre-1947 map was indeed very useful
princely india, Hyderabad.png
 
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Faith and Plan:
A Three-Way Cold War

As the dust settled on the battlefields of the Second World War, pundits speculated that there would be a new dawn of peace and security. However, the realities of ideological struggle soon dashed those hopes. Over the past five years new battlegrounds and political fault lines have arisen. The dream of a New World Order of international cooperation has been replaced with the drawn-out suspense of the Cold War. Three sides, all now equipped with atomic weaponry, stare at each other behind their borders and battlements.

There is the United Planning and Action Committee (UPAC), headed by the British and French. Driven by fascism, UPAC stands for the restructuring and maintenance of the Old European Order. With vast swathes of Africa and Asia under their sway, they seek to utilize the plunder of their empires to rebuild their shattered economies and revitalize their place as master’s of the world. Of course, this has increased unrest, and with rebellions already breaking out across their realms, the UPAC will have to commit resources they may not fully have to retain their control. Still, the UPAC is a force to be reckoned with, with force projection almost unrivaled...

Save by the United States, the unrivaled head of the Washington Pact. Standing for liberal democracy, the United States is preeminent in their hemisphere, and seeking to establish toeholds beyond. Currently, it is riding a bit of a high. The triumphant Canadian Revolution secured the long northern border, victories in the Venetian Crisis and the Neuburgweier Incident prevented UPAC from expanding their grip in Europe, and the controversial decision to rapidly end and even reverse the de-militarization of Japan will ensure that American interests in East Asia have powerful backing...

Which is important, as the Soviet Union’s COMECON is actively working in that theater. Stalin’s Union has two horses in the renewed race for control of newly warlord-riven China- Sheng Shicai in Xinjiang and Deng Xiaoping in Manchuria. Soviet-backed North Korea also acts as a strong projection of influence. Beyond East Asia, the Soviets have built an “iron curtain” across Europe, as well as making inroads in Iran, and several anti-colonial movements worldwide look more to Moscow for inspiration than Washington.

The world is entering a new era, where direct military confrontation could lead to atomic holocaust, and war by proxy shall become common. Which ideology shall emerge victorious in this struggle? And which shall join the recently vanquished National Syndicalism in the dustbin of history?

coolmap.png
 
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The next map in my time zone ISOT series. This one is a jump forward (or rather backwards!) to UTC-05:00, as requested by @Cantra.

View attachment 569612

UTC-05:00
Territories transported: Canada (most of Nunavut, Ontario and Quebec), United States (Atlantic and east Great Lakes states), Bahamas, Turks & Caicos Islands, Haiti, Cayman Islands, Jamaica, Mexico (Quintana Roo), Panama, Colombia, Ecuador (exc. Galápagos Islands), Brazil (Acre, western Amazonas), Peru

For many years following the Event, experts (academic and armchair alike) predicted the imminent dissolution of Canada as Anglophone Ontario and Francophone Quebec pulled in opposite directions. However disputes over Nunavut and the newly settled territories blocked any mutually agreed separation arrangement, and one new English- and French-speaking provinces were admitted, the issue was muddied. Instead the Canadian Confederation was loosened into a three-part realm of Anglo, French and Inuit Canada, with the European provinces and territories becoming the fourth part a few decades later.

In contrast to Canada's difficulties, the United States saw the opportunities a new Wild West (minus the native Americans) presented, quickly expanding and creating new territories, states and autonomous republics along the way. While most Americans threw themselves into "Making America Again" (later extended to the whole world), some academics and government officials couldn't help questioning what the Event actually was and whether there was evidence waiting in wilderness? Such esoteric wondering didn't bother others though, as Quintana Roo developed and expanded its Mayan Riviera (while simultaneously pushing out actual Mayans), Panama set about digging a new, bigger and better canal, and billionaires, island nations and eccentrics alike staked their claims to the hundreds of desert islands in the Caribbean.

While the United States was the unquestioned global power, in South America Colombia emerged as the leading regional power, intervening in Ecuador, central America and Acre (multiple times) to stabilise the region while pushing forward its own boundaries first to oil-rich Lake Maracaibo, then further along the Caribbean coast, into the Amazon and, albeit not yet successfully, across the Atlantic to Africa.
I'm loving this series of maps! It really reminds me of Beedok's old Alphabet ISOT map series. Keep up the good work!
 
Which is important, as the Soviet Union’s COMECON is actively working in that theater. Stalin’s Union has two horses in the renewed race for control of newly warlord-riven China- Sheng Shicai in Xinjiang and Deng Xiaoping in Manchuria. Soviet-backed North Korea also acts as a strong projection of influence. Beyond East Asia, the Soviets have built an “iron curtain” across Europe, as well as making inroads in Iran, and several anti-colonial movements worldwide look more to Moscow for inspiration than Washington.
Who are the leading northern warlords?
 
An excellent selection!

[/QUOTE]
Enlilic Mystic Noocracy in 703 AD
Enlil is the name of an ancient mesopotamian God: so a mid-eastern power comparable. perhaps, to the Umayyad Caliphate in extent?

The Domains of Bon-Louis of Westphalia (1866 AD)
Now this is definitely an interesting scenario: Napoleonic "Hellenistic Era?" :)

the Earth was heavily impacted and when the dust cleared, states were established in the tradition of those prior to the Terran Empire.
Some doubts exist as to the historical accuracy of some of these recreated states: there is quite a bit of argument about Westeros and Ooo.

[/QUOTE]
If the Horde can break through the defenses, they will surely plunder every city of the Nadzim and bring a sudden end to the Golden Age.
TONIGHT WE DINE IN SHEOL!

Republican Empire of the United States of America (2032 AD
I'm afraid this one doesn't work for me: an Obama and the Democrats right-wing paranoid fantasy, with the band-aid of a brain injury? In mid 2020 it just strikes me as in poor taste and perhaps a bit too political for the map thread.
 
THE NORMAN EMPIRE
A Third Rome centered in Sicily, ruled by the Siculo-Norman adventurers who battled Pope, Emperor, and Sultan alike

HISTORY

During the 11th century, a large migration of Normans arrived in Italy as pilgrims and as mercenaries serving the Lombards against the Byzantines. The Normans soon took advantage of the vacuum, using their horse-bound knights to found duchies and build castles of their own, with the Hauteville Dynasty in the lead.

Of note among these Normans was Duke Robert Guiscard (1015-1085), who distinguished himself in battle against the Pope, conquered Sicily from Islam, and forced the German Emperor to retreat from Rome. Robert’s direct successors were incompetent and the Norman lands significantly decentralized, though notably the Hauteville Italo-Normans would come to rule Antioch after the First Crusade.

The next prominent Hauteville leader was Roger II (1095-1154), whose power was centered in Sicily. Attacked by two emperors and the Pope, Roger II repelled them all, captured the Pope, and centralized the territories of Southern Italy under a new Kingdom of Sicily, with himself as the head. Roger II would also go on to conquer Tunisia, forging the Kingdom of Africa.

Whereas in OTL, the Hauteville Dynasty crumbled, heirless, and was consumed by the HRE, in this TL Roger IV (ATL 1152-1225) survived his revolt against his father, inherits the throne, and succeeds where his living family members didn’t. As many Crusaders passed through Sicily to head to the Holy Land, Roger IV successfully leveraged this influence to launch an invasion of Byzantine Empire, lead by the fanatic anti-Catholic Andronikos I Komnenos. The Normans and the Crusaders sacked their way through Greece, sieged Constantinople, and claimed it in the name of a pro-Norman Byzantine pretender, who promptly died in a tragic accident. Roger IV was then triumphantly proclaimed Roman Emperor in 1183.

The next century of Mediterranean history is one of war, peace, profit, and destruction. Roger IV is challenged by the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperor, but thanks to the Norman Emperor's political expertise and luck (the Holy Roman Emperor, notably, drowned on his way to a battle against Roger), the Normans won their wars against rivalrous powers and stabilized their station as a great power. The Normans even secured several loyal popes who recognized their claim to Constantinople and imperial titles. Roger IV's successors would go on to lead Crusaders against ascendant Muslim powers in the Holy Land, battle against Turks and Bulgars, avenge betrayal by the Kings of Spain and conquer that land as well.

By 1340, Emperor Bohemond V of the House Hauteville straddles the thrumming heart of the world. The Mediterranean is a Norman lake, with the Hauteville standard on the sails of the fearsome imperial navy. Nearly every city within eyesight of the sea is occupied by men who've pledged loyalty to the Emperor in Palermo, whether locals, Normans, or mercenaries from far-off-lands. The Pope is on good terms with the Emperor, though has repeatedly refused Bohemond V's requests to excommunicate the Holy Roman Emperor, who is gaining power in the north. The Italian merchant-states are late to pay their tribute again. In Constantinople, the viceroy watches helplessly as violence once again breaks out between Greeks and Latins. In the Crusader states, Muslim peasants once again rally for a revolt against the Prince of Jerusalem.

POLITICS

While the Emperor Bohemond V in Palermo is dominant, he is not absolutely supreme; the Norman Empire is very politically an culturally decentralized. Politically, the Emperor is reluctant to extend his influence beyond Palermo, preferring to let the dukes, princes, and thematic governors call the shots beyond. Local leaders are free to pursue development projects and produce wealth. Order is maintained through a feudal tributary system. While this is beneficial in preventing civil war, Palermo frequently must default on loans due to low taxes. Bohemond V has read the history of the old Roman Emperors, though, and knows better than to let the soldiers of the Empire have empty pockets and bellies.

CULTURE

Culturally, the Norman Empire is a soup. Normans only represent a significant proportion of the population in the rich cities of Sicily and the imperial colonies of Malta and Cyprus, while Italians, Sicilians, Arabs, Turks, Spaniards, and Greeks of various faiths make up the majority of the population. Norman culture has been blended and intermixed with local traditions, Norman courts often feature local art and architecture, local languages and religions survive, and Norman elites increasingly dress and act like locals. Even Emperor Bohemond V wears an intermix of clothes reminiscent of Frankish, Roman, and Greek traditions. Latin--the language and Christian sect--is dominant, though is mixed and filtered into local interpretations.

The Emperor officially promotes Catholicism as the one true faith, though has a mixed record of enforcing this. In the Crusades, Muslims and Jews were massacred, though in other cases the imperial court was infused with religious and cultural diversity. Religious violence is frequent in some places, and infrequent in others.

The Norman Empire is a diverse and glorious metropolitan amalgamation. These diverse cultures interact, intermarry (even across faith lines), and trade. This has resulted in an upswell of artistic expression, philosophical thought, and interfaith discussion, all centered at the capital Palermo.

TRADE

Trade represents a significant part of the imperial economy. Lombards dominate, hailing from Venice, Genoa, and Naples, as they’ve been gifted trade rights in major cities across the Mediterranean.

The imperial navy does its best to protect traders loyal to Palermo from pirates, while promoting piracy against rivalrous Muslims, Greeks, and Slavs, and often turning a blind eye to Italian pirates who enslave Catholics. Slavery is a major staple of Mediterranean life, with vast slave markets across the isles.

FUTURE

As the year of 1340 came to a close, Emperor Bohemond V expected his greatest threat to come from the encroaching Turks threatening his lands in Anatolia. He should have feared what the Turks were escaping from. By January, the Emperor will have received reports of a terrible new sicknesses seeping from Norman-ruled Crimea. The Mediterranean’s interconnectedness--the source of its great wealth and prosperity—was soon to be turned against it.



View attachment 569464
This is really cool, will you do any follow up for it?

ps, did you make a low res version of this a while ago?
 
Save by the United States, the unrivaled head of the Washington Pact. Standing for liberal democracy, the United States is preeminent in their hemisphere, and seeking to establish toeholds beyond. Currently, it is riding a bit of a high. The triumphant Canadian Revolution secured the long northern border, victories in the Venetian Crisis and the Neuburgweier Incident prevented UPAC from expanding their grip in Europe, and the controversial decision to rapidly end and even reverse the de-militarization of Japan will ensure that American interests in East Asia have powerful backing...
So Canada is part of the USA?
 
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