List of monarchs III

POD: Queen Christina of Sweden is born a boy

Monarchs of Sweden
1611-1632: Gustavus II Adolphus (House of Vasa)
1632-1689: Christian III (House of Vasa) [1]

[1]


King Christian III of Sweden took the throne at the age of five after his father's death during the Thirty Years War and would reign for the next fifty-seven years until his death in 1689. As King of Sweden, he would be a ruler who would prove to be intelligent and well-read, seen by many as a second Marcus Aurelius owing to his love of philosophy and learning, especially with his philosophical writings and other such matters. As a ruler, Christian III would be a ruler who would work hard and be remembered as an effective and talented ruler, especially with how he would use the Deluge to expand Sweden at the expense of Poland-Lithuania.

In his personal life, he would marry Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier in 1650 with the couple having five children. King Christian would die at the age of 63 in Stockholm surrounded by his wife and family and would be succeeded by _____________. While many historians have castigated him for overextending the realm during the Deluge and his Catholic sympathies was something of an open secret even when he was alive with historians divided on whether he was a crypto-Catholic or not, he is still considered one of Sweden's greatest rulers.
 
POD: Basil II marries and has a son and heir instead of refusing to marry



Monarchs of the Roman Empire

976-1025: Basil II (Macedonian Dynasty)

1025-1055: Alexios I (Macedonian Dynasty) [1]

1055-1079: Romanos III (Macedonian Dynasty) [2]

1079-1082: Alexander II (Macedonian Dynasty) [3]

1082-1150: Constantine IX (Macedonian Dynasty) [4]

1150-1162: Nikephoros III (Macedonian Dynasty) [5]

1162-1189: Constantine X (Macedonian Dynasty) [6]

1189-1195: Alexios II (Macedonian Dynasty) [7]

1195-1217: Basil III (Macedonian Dynasty) [8]

1217-1242: Alexander III (Macedonian Dynasty) [9]

1242-1245: Constantine XI (Macedonian Dynasty) [10]

1245-1262: Alexios III (Petraliphas Dynasty) [11]

1262-1301: Sophia I and Romanos IV (Petraliphas Dynasty) [12]

1301-1319: Nicola I (Aurellanius Dynasty) [13]

1319-1344: John II (Petraliphas Dynasty) [14]

1337-1341: Alexios IV, Co-Emperor (Petraliphas Dynasty)

1344-1371: Vladimir I Porphyrogenitus (Petraliphas Dynasty) [15]

1371-1417: Andronicus I (Petraliphas Dynasty) [16]

1417-1421: Athalrichos I (Athalrichids/Non-Dynastic) [17]

1421-1429: Leopold I and Sophia II (House of Habsburg/Petraliphas Dynasty) [18]

1429-1446: Frederick I (House of Habsburg) [19]

1446-1470: Irene II (House of Habsburg) [20]

1470-1492: Gregory I (House of Tusculum) [21]

1492-1518: Theodore I (House of Tusculum) [22]

1518-1546: Constantine XII (House of Tusculum) [23]

1546-1560: Romanos V (House of Tusculum) [24]

1560-1569: Gregory II (House of Tusculum) [25]

1569-1604: Romanos VI (House of Tusculum) [26]

1604-1650: Anastasia I (House of Tusculum) [27]

1650-1678: Nikephoros IV (House of Tusculum) [28]

1678-1680: Theodore II (House of Tusculum) [29]

1680-1715 Andronicus II (House of Tusculum) [30]

1715-1753: Nikephoros V (House of Tusculum) [31]

1753-1758: Thomas I and Maria I (House of Dexapatras/House of Tusculum) [32]

1758-1760: Thomas I (House of Dexapatras)

1760-1801: Anastasia II (House of Dexapatras) [33]

1801-1834: Zoe I (House of Doukas) [34]

1834-1870:Maria Ana (House of Palaiologos) [35]



[35]
1A215884-2E8C-40AD-9DB8-C1C6D301F26B.jpeg



Maria Ana was brown in 1818 as the granddaughter of Empress Zoe through eldest son. As granddaughter of the Empress it was assumed that she would be heir to the throne which was correct even when her father died in 1825. Maria Ana became Empress after the death of her grandmother in 1834 at the age of 16, her uncle Feodore would serve as her regent for the next two years. Maria Ana’s reign was not as eventful as her grandmothers but that doesn’t mean it was boring, in the year after officially taking the throne she was nearly assinated by a French nationalist twice. In 1840 a war sparked between between the Roman Empire and France once again which Rome won. Over the years Egypt had been growing stronger and started braking away from Rome this would eventually lead to a war between the two countries which surprisingly ended with Rome losing even with the help of the Ottomans. This military loss would leave sour ties between the two countries for years to come. Maria Ana had a love for music and gardening she would create a large garden at her main residence(name of palace here) that is still there today and admired by many who come to visit it. One of the interesting things about Maria Ana’s reign was that she was the first Roman monarch to have a photo taken of her.
8647D2FF-1037-4B57-8BDD-857A69ADEF5C.jpeg



In 1838 Maria Ana married Prince Alexander of Greece and the two had six children. Maria Ana died in 1870 from an allergic reaction to something in her food , she was succeeded by_____.
 
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POD: Queen Christina of Sweden is born a boy

Monarchs of Sweden
1611-1632: Gustavus II Adolphus (House of Vasa)
1632-1689: Christian III (House of Vasa) [1]
1689-1702: Charles X (House of Vasa) [2]


Monarchs of Sweden and Great Britain

1701-1704: Charles III and X (House of Vasa) [2]

[1]


King Christian III of Sweden took the throne at the age of five after his father's death during the Thirty Years War and would reign for the next fifty-seven years until his death in 1689. As King of Sweden, he would be a ruler who would prove to be intelligent and well-read, seen by many as a second Marcus Aurelius owing to his love of philosophy and learning, especially with his philosophical writings and other such matters. As a ruler, Christian III would be a ruler who would work hard and be remembered as an effective and talented ruler, especially with how he would use the Deluge to expand Sweden at the expense of Poland-Lithuania.

In his personal life, he would marry Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier in 1650 with the couple having five children. King Christian would die at the age of 63 in Stockholm surrounded by his wife and family and would be succeeded by _____________. While many historians have castigated him for overextending the realm during the Deluge and his Catholic sympathies was something of an open secret even when he was alive with historians divided on whether he was a crypto-Catholic or not, he is still considered one of Sweden's greatest rulers.

(2)

lossy-page1-800px-Kristian_Albrekt%2C_1641-1694_%28David_Kl%C3%B6cker_Ehrenstrahl%29_-_Nationalmuseum_-_39974.tif.jpg


Charles X was the second son of Christian III, his elder brother Christian died in 1686 after Charles had married Lady Anne Stuart. This made Charles the heir - but events conspired to place Anne the heir to the English and Scottish thrones after the abdication of her father and the subsequent death of her sister, Mary II, and her brother-in-law, William III. Charles and Anne would have three children - one male and two female - and when Anne was made Queen of Britain in 1702, she negotiated with Parliament so that her husband was recognised as her co-monarch.

This meant that their children stood as heirs to two nations. In 1700, Sweden found itself drawn into conflict when an alliance that included Denmark-Norway and Russia invaded the Swedish protectorate of Holstein-Gottorp, the Duke of which was Charles' brother-in-law, Christian Albert. This was the Great Northern War that lasted until after both Charles and Anne had died and Christian Albert had been succeeded by his son Christian Augustus.

Charles died from pneumonia following an accident whilst riding that causes a chest infection. He was succeeded in Sweden by ________ but Anne would continue to rule, however heartbroken, in Britain, for another ten years.


Gustavus II Adolphus of Sweden, b. 1594, r. 1611 to 1632, m. Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg
1) Christian III of Sweden, b. 1627, r. 1632 to 1689, m. Anne Marie Louise d'Orleans, Duchess of Montpensier​
a) Christian, Crown Prince of Sweden, b. 1653, d. 1686, never married​
b) Charles X of Sweden, b. 1655, r. 1689 to 1704, m. Anne, Queen of Great Britain
x) three children from 1685, (2F, 1M)
c) Marie Rosalie of Sweden, b. 1656, m. Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
1) Christian Augustus, b. 1680​
x) two others - one son and one daughter
 
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POD: Queen Christina of Sweden is born a boy

Monarchs of Sweden
1611-1632: Gustavus II Adolphus (House of Vasa)
1632-1689: Christian III (House of Vasa) [1]
1689-1702: Charles X (House of Vasa) [2]


Monarchs of Sweden, England and Scotland
1702-1704: Charles X & III (House of Vasa) [2]
Queen of England and Scotland
1702-1707: Anne I (House of Stuart)
Queen of Great Britain
1702-1707: Anne I (House of Stuart)
Monarchs of Sweden
1704-1714: William I (House of Vasa) [3]

Monarchs of Sweden and Great Britain
1714-1717: William I & IV (House of Vasa)

[1]
King Christian III of Sweden took the throne at the age of five after his father's death during the Thirty Years War and would reign for the next fifty-seven years until his death in 1689. As King of Sweden, he would be a ruler who would prove to be intelligent and well-read, seen by many as a second Marcus Aurelius owing to his love of philosophy and learning, especially with his philosophical writings and other such matters. As a ruler, Christian III would be a ruler who would work hard and be remembered as an effective and talented ruler, especially with how he would use the Deluge to expand Sweden at the expense of Poland-Lithuania.

In his personal life, he would marry Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier in 1650 with the couple having five children. King Christian would die at the age of 63 in Stockholm surrounded by his wife and family and would be succeeded by his second son, Prince Charles. While many historians have castigated him for overextending the realm during the Deluge and his Catholic sympathies was something of an open secret even when he was alive with historians divided on whether he was a crypto-Catholic or not, he is still considered one of Sweden's greatest rulers.

(2)
lossy-page1-800px-Kristian_Albrekt%2C_1641-1694_%28David_Kl%C3%B6cker_Ehrenstrahl%29_-_Nationalmuseum_-_39974.tif.jpg


Charles X was the second son of Christian III, his elder brother Christian died in 1686 after Charles had married Lady Anne Stuart. This made Charles the heir - but events conspired to place Anne the heir to the English and Scottish thrones after the abdication of her father and the subsequent death of her sister, Mary II, and her brother-in-law, William III. Charles and Anne would have three children - one male and two female - and when Anne was made Queen of England and Scotland in 1702, she negotiated with Parliament so that her husband was recognised as her co-monarch.

This meant that their children stood as heirs to two nations. In 1700, Sweden found itself drawn into conflict when an alliance that included Denmark-Norway and Russia invaded the Swedish protectorate of Holstein-Gottorp, the Duke of which was Charles' brother-in-law, Christian Albert. This was the Great Northern War that lasted until after both Charles and Anne had died and Christian Albert had been succeeded by his son Christian Augustus.

Charles died from pneumonia following an accident whilst riding that causes a chest infection. He was succeeded in Sweden by William, Prince of Wales and Crown Prince of Sweden, but Anne would continue to rule, however heartbroken, in Britain, for another ten years.

[3] William Christian Charles was the only son of King Charles X and Princess Anne of England and Scotland. William was the younger of the three children and born nearly a year into his father’s reign and named Crown Prince.

Anne was estranged from her brother-in-law and cousin, William III, and her sister, Mary II, but supported links between them and her son. He would frequently visit England and became close to his uncle and namesake, William, who created him a Knight of the Garter during a visit in 1701, and his queenly aunt Mary, who regularly sent him presents and he was saddened when aged 4, he would hear news of his aunt dying.
In 1702, upon the death of his uncle, the new Queen Anne, took her family to England to carry on education as well as experience English culture. Following her coronation, Anne also created William as Prince of Wales.

When his father died, 14 year old William, travelled to Sweden, to take the thrown, regency would be run by his uncle, Prince Adolphus, whom had been serving as a regency under King Charles X, during his trips to England.
The first act he would do as king was to arrange peace with Russia, knowing even with the naval support of his mother’s homeland, William would not be able to win a two fronted war, having held off three major Russian attack, in November 1704, William arranged the marriage of his eldest sister, Princess Mary Eleanor, to Peter “the Great” I of Russia, along with offering financial support against Russia’s true enemy, the Ottoman Empire.

In 1705, following a year of looking for a foreign royal bride, came to nothing, Queen Anne, arranged for her son, William to be married to Lady Mary Churchill, daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, of whom was a life long friend and favourite of Queen Anne.
For his other sister, Princess Anne Louise, William arranged for her to be married to Frederick William I of Prussia.

The war with Denmark-Norway would continue until 1716, the middle years turned to minor trade skirmishes, while the final two years saw many Swedish, Great Britain and Holstein-Gottorp victories, which brought Denmark-Norway to the negotiating table.
Sadly during the peace talks, William was killed in an explosion caused by a Norwegian nationalist.

Gustavus II Adolphus of Sweden, b. 1594, r. 1611 to 1632, m. Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg
1) Christian III of Sweden, b. 1627, r. 1632 to 1689, m. Anne Marie Louise d'Orleans of Montpensier​
a) Christian, Crown Prince of Sweden, b. 1653, d. 1686, never married​
b) Charles X & III of Sweden, England & Scotland, b. 1655, r. 1689 to 1704, m. Anne, Queen of Great Britain
a) Princess Mary Eleanor, b. 1685 m. Peter “the Great” I of Russia b. 1672, r. 16821725)​
b) Princess Anne Louise, b. 1688 m. Frederick William I of Prussia, b. 1688, r. 1713 to 1740)​
c) William I & IV of Sweden and Great Britain, b. 1690, r. 1704~1714 to 1717, m. Mary Churchill, b. 1689​
c) Marie Rosalie of Sweden, b. 1656, m. Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp​
1) Christian Augustus, b. 1680​
d) Prince Gustavu, b. 1658 d. 1669​
e) Eleanor Marie of Sweden, b. 1661 d. 1675​
f) Prince Adolphus b. 1664​
 
POD: Queen Christina of Sweden is born a boy

Monarchs of Sweden
1611-1632: Gustavus II Adolphus (House of Vasa)
1632-1689: Christian III (House of Vasa) [1]
1689-1702: Charles X (House of Vasa) [2]


Monarchs of Sweden and Great Britain
1702-1704: Charles X & III (House of Vasa) [2]
Monarchs of Sweden
1704-1714: William I (House of Vasa) [3]

Monarchs of Sweden and Great Britain
1714-1717: William I & IV (House of Vasa) [3]
1717-1734: The Great Adolphite Regency (Sweden) and The Marlborough
Regency (Britain)
1717-1751: Peter I (House of Vasa) [4]



(1) King Christian III of Sweden took the throne at the age of five after his father's death during the Thirty Years War and would reign for the next fifty-seven years until his death in 1689. As King of Sweden, he would be a ruler who would prove to be intelligent and well-read, seen by many as a second Marcus Aurelius owing to his love of philosophy and learning, especially with his philosophical writings and other such matters. As a ruler, Christian III would be a ruler who would work hard and be remembered as an effective and talented ruler, especially with how he would use the Deluge to expand Sweden at the expense of Poland-Lithuania.

In his personal life, he would marry Anne Marie Louise d'Orléans, Duchess of Montpensier in 1650 with the couple having five children. King Christian would die at the age of 63 in Stockholm surrounded by his wife and family and would be succeeded by his second son, Prince Charles. While many historians have castigated him for overextending the realm during the Deluge and his Catholic sympathies was something of an open secret even when he was alive with historians divided on whether he was a crypto-Catholic or not, he is still considered one of Sweden's greatest rulers.

(2)
lossy-page1-800px-Kristian_Albrekt%2C_1641-1694_%28David_Kl%C3%B6cker_Ehrenstrahl%29_-_Nationalmuseum_-_39974.tif.jpg


Charles X was the second son of Christian III, his elder brother Christian died in 1686 after Charles had married Lady Anne Stuart. This made Charles the heir - but events conspired to place Anne the heir to the English and Scottish thrones after the abdication of her father and the subsequent death of her sister, Mary II, and her brother-in-law, William III. Charles and Anne would have three children - one male and two female - and when Anne was made Queen of Great Britain in 1702, she negotiated with Parliament so that her husband was recognised as her co-monarch.

This meant that their children stood as heirs to two nations. In 1700, Sweden found itself drawn into conflict when an alliance that included Denmark-Norway and Russia invaded the Swedish protectorate of Holstein-Gottorp, the Duke of which was Charles' brother-in-law, Christian Albert. This was the Great Northern War that lasted until after both Charles and Anne had died and Christian Albert had been succeeded by his son Christian Augustus.

Charles died from pneumonia following an accident whilst riding that causes a chest infection. He was succeeded in Sweden by William, Prince of Wales and Crown Prince of Sweden, but Anne would continue to rule, however heartbroken, in Britain, for another ten years.

[3] William Christian Charles was the only son of King Charles X and Princess Anne of England and Scotland. William was the younger of the three children and born nearly a year into his father’s reign and named Crown Prince.

Anne was estranged from her brother-in-law and cousin, William III, and her sister, Mary II, but supported links between them and her son. He would frequently visit England and became close to his uncle and namesake, William, who created him a Knight of the Garter during a visit in 1701, and his queenly aunt Mary, who regularly sent him presents and he was saddened when aged 4, he would hear news of his aunt dying.
In 1702, upon the death of his uncle, the new Queen Anne, took her family to England to carry on education as well as experience English culture. Following her coronation, Anne also created William as Prince of Wales.

When his father died, 14 year old William, travelled to Sweden, to take the thrown, regency would be run by his uncle, Prince Adolphus, whom had been serving as a regency under King Charles X, during his trips to England.
The first act he would do as king was to arrange peace with Russia, knowing even with the naval support of his mother’s homeland, William would not be able to win a two fronted war, having held off three major Russian attack, in November 1704, William arranged the marriage of his eldest sister, Princess Mary Eleanor, to Peter “the Great” I of Russia, along with offering financial support against Russia’s true enemy, the Ottoman Empire.

In 1705, following a year of looking for a foreign royal bride, came to nothing, Queen Anne, arranged for her son, William to be married to Lady Mary Churchill, daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, and Sarah Churchill, Duchess of Marlborough, of whom was a life long friend and favourite of Queen Anne.
For his other sister, Princess Anne Louise, William arranged for her to be married to Frederick William I of Prussia.

The war with Denmark-Norway would continue until 1716, the middle years turned to minor trade skirmishes, while the final two years saw many Swedish, Great Britain and Holstein-Gottorp victories, which brought Denmark-Norway to the negotiating table.
Sadly during the peace talks, William was killed in an explosion caused by a Norwegian nationalist.

Carl_Frederick_of_Sweden_c_1722_by_David_von_Krafft.jpg


(4) Peter was only a year old when he became King of Great Britain and of Sweden, in Britain, his Recency was overseen by his paternal grandfather, the Duke of Marlborough, and in Sweden, by his great uncle, Prince Adolphus - this led to a period of instability as both Russia and Prussia pressed their claim to the Recency of Sweden, but the Swedish nobility dismissed these claims to avoid a foreign influence. Adolphus was only in his thirties when the Recency commenced and nearing sixty when it finished. In some circles he was referred to as Good King Adolphus for his defacto rule, for steering the nation tgrough the aftermath of the Great Northern War and settling the matter of the disputed regency.

Peter married his second cousin once removed, Rosalind of Holstein-Gottorp, and they would have five children from 1738 to 1748, before Peters death in 1751 wherein he was succeeded by ________.

A major movement to simplify the government of the two nations began during Peters rule. England and Scotland had been unified in the 1701 Act of Union and Settlement, but this had been a difficult process, fraught with conflict and argument. And it was less than fifty years old when proposed to Parliament in Britain and their equivalents in Sweden - whilst the proposal was considered, it as discarded on at least five occasions. Peter was keen on a proposal that raised him to Emperor of the Brittanic-Swedish Empire, to put him on par with his uncle and namesake, the Emperor of Russia, but this was also dismissed to be revisited in the future.

A similar agreement in Sweden and Britain was that whilst the thrones were held in union, they could not be then held in union with Russia, though the crown could be inherited by a Romanov claimant. It was a complicated state of affairs all things considered, but based on religious requirements at the British and Russian courts.


Gustavus II Adolphus of Sweden, b. 1594, r. 1611 to 1632, m. Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg
1) Christian III of Sweden, b. 1627, r. 1632 to 1689, m. Anne Marie Louise d'Orleans, Duchess of Montpensier​
a) Christian, Crown Prince of Sweden, b. 1653, d. 1686, never married​
b) Charles X & III of Sweden, England & Scotland, b. 1655, r. 1689 to 1704, m. Anne, Queen of Great Britain
a) Princess Mary Eleanor, b. 1685 m. Peter “the Great” I of Russia b. 1672, r. 1681 to (Present)​
b) Princess Anne Louise, b. 1688 m. Frederick William I of Prussia, b. 1688, r. 1713 to (Present)​
c) William I & IV of Sweden and Great Britain, b. 1690, r. 1704~1714 to 1717, m. Mary Churchill, b. 1689​
1) Peter I of Sweden and Great Britain, b. 1716, r. 1717 to 1751, m. Rosalind of Holstein-Gottorp​
x) five children, all survive infancy
c) Marie Rosalie of Sweden, b. 1656, m. Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp​
1) Christian Augustus, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, b. 1680​
a) Christian Augustus II, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, b. 1700​
1) Rosalind of Holstein-Gottorp, b. 1720, m. Peter I of Sweden and Great Britain
-- x) for issue, see line of Peter I
2) Albert Augustus of Holstein-Gottorp, b. 1722​
d) Prince Gustavu, b. 1658 d. 1669​
e) Eleanor Marie of Sweden, b. 1661 d. 1675​
f) Prince Adolphus b. 1664​
 
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