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List of monarchs III

Mary, Queen of Scots is born male.



Monarchs of Scotland



1513-1542: James V (House of Stewart)

1542-1599: James VI (House of Stewart) [1]

1599-1612: Alexander IV (House of Stewart) [2]

1612-1630: Catherine I (House of Stewart) [3]

1630-1649: Frederick I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [4]

1649-1698: Euphemia I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [5]



Monarchs of Scotland, Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon



1698-1714: John II (House of Oldenburg-Plon) (6)

1714-1756: Peter I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [7]



Monarchs of Scotland



1756-1790: Madelaine I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [8]

1790-1807: John III (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [9]

1807-1830: Madelaine II (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [10]

1830-1888:Henrietta i (House Edinburgh/agnatic: House of Hesse-Darmstadt) [11]



[11]
e72ac936-d0c2-4661-a59f-1eb05ad9742a-jpeg.659607

A portrait of Queen Henrietta(c.1840)

The only child of Prince James Duke of Rothesay was born on June 12 1822 christened with the names Henrietta Madeline Louise. her father died when she was only 4 in 1826 leaving her to be raised alone by her mother who was very cold and distant to her. Henrietta was only eight when her grandmother died in a horse riding accident making her the new Queen. Since she was so young a regency was formed with her uncle prince Andrew being chosen for the position, until she reached the age of 18. During her minority years Henrietta was mostly taught how to rule, she showed a great interest in history especially women’s history this would spark her interest in the suffragette movement that had begun to take place in Scotland around that time. In 1840 Henrietta finally reached the age of majority and was crowned Queen of Scotland. During Henrietta’s 58 year reign she would focus mostly on creating equal rights for women and crushing the next Euphemnite rebellions that had taken place in 1855 and 1858 under Samuel the descendant of Charles “the old pretender” . She also showed interest in the ever growing industrial revolution and photography with a photo being taken of her and her eldest daughter in 1847.
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Queen Henrietta with her eldest daughter (1847)

Henrietta married Prince Edward of England in 1841 and the two would have four children. Shortly before the birth of her first child ________ in 1842 Queen Henrietta changed the Scottish succession laws from Male preference primogeniture to Absolute primogeniture similar to how their neighbor England had done years ago. She also declared that the name of the ruling house would be the House of Edinburg regardless of if the crown passed to a female line. In 1873 the South American colony of New Caledonia was on the brink of revolution after a unfair taxing law was passed. To avoid fully losing the colony Queen Henrietta decided to make her second eldest daughter Alice(born 1845) Queen of New Caledonia by the time she was crowned Queen Alice was already married with three daughters. Henrietta was a very heavy smoker this would eventually lead to her death in 1888 at the age of 65 just a month before her 66th birthday. Her body would lay in state for three days before being laid to permanently rest. She was succeeded by_______.
 

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Mary, Queen of Scots is born male.

Monarchs of Scotland

1513-1542: James V (House of Stewart)
1542-1599: James VI (House of Stewart) [1]
1599-1612: Alexander IV (House of Stewart) [2]
1612-1630: Catherine I (House of Stewart) [3]
1630-1649: Frederick I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [4]
1649-1698: Euphemia I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [5]

Monarchs of Scotland, Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon

1698-1714: John II (House of Oldenburg-Plon) (6)
1714-1756: Peter I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [7]

Monarchs of Scotland

1756-1790: Madelaine I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [8]
1790-1807: John III (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [9]
1807-1830: Madelaine II (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [10]
1830-1888: Henrietta I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Hesse-Darmstadt) [11]
1888-1917: Mary I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Plon) [12]



[1] James was born on 8 December 1542 at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland, to King James V and his French second wife, Mary of Guise. He was born prematurely and was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland and was six days old when his father died, leaving him to acceded to the throne.

Due to his age, Scotland was ruled by regents until James, became an adult. From the outset, there were two claims to the regency: one from the Catholic, Cardinal Beaton, and the other from the Protestant, James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, who was next in line to the throne. Beaton's claim was based on a version of the king's will that his opponents dismissed as a forgery. Arran, with the support of his friends and relations, became the regent until 1553 when James's mother with the support of Henry II of France and Mary I of England, managed to remove and succeed him.

While acting as regent, Arran tried suggesting Protestant matches for the young king, among them were Elizabeth Tudor, 9 years older than him and illegitimate daughter of Henry VIII of England.

In 1555, Mary of Guise arranged for 13-year-old James was married by proxy, to 10 year old, Elisabeth of Valois (1545–1568), eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici. It wouldn’t be until 1561, that Elizabeth of Valois would travel with members of her own court as well as a small French garrison, and the pair would enjoy a happy life in Edinburgh.

In November 1558, Henry VIII's elder daughter, Mary I of England, died and was succeeded by her only surviving sibling, Protestant, Elizabeth I.
Under the Third Succession Act, passed in 1543 by the Parliament of England, Elizabeth was recognised as her sister's heir to the English throne. Yet, in the eyes of many Catholics, Elizabeth was illegitimate and James, via his grandmother, Margaret Tudor, was the true King of England.
In December 1558, James reached the age of 16 and was crowned in his own right as King of Scotland, however, James was unable to stick his claim to the English throne as he was dealing with the power of the Protestant Lords of the Congregation rising.
James knew that he was dealing with a dangerous and complex political situation, when it came to the governing of Scotland, he would keep the balance of Catholicism and Protestantism in his court, especially with his illegitimate half-brother, the Earl of Moray, being seen as the leader of the Protestants fraction.
James also had the issue of Protestant reformer John Knox preached against him, condemning him for hearing Mass, married to a Catholic, and living too elaborately.

James VI died in 1599 aged 57 years old and was succeeded by his son, Alexander.

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King Alexander IV, a few months before his death

[2]
Prince Alexander was born in 1563, to King James VI and his wife, Elisabeth of Valois. He was the second of three children who would survive and reach adulthood. Growing up, the prince spent most of his early life being educated in France, where he would be influenced by King Henry III of France.

When his older brother, Prince James died in 1579, Alexander, now next in line to the throne, returned to Scotland. Despite efforts from the Catholics and Protestants at court, Alexander refused to marry anyone that either group suggested.

When his father died in 1599, strengthened the position of a religious tolerant monarchy convinced that it would save Scotland from collapse. During his reign, he would also work diligently to undermine religious extremists.

King Alexander IV unexpectedly died in 1612 and was succeeded by his niece, Catherine.

Electress_Sophia%2C_Princess_Palatine.jpg


[3] Queen Catherine I was the niece of Prince Alexander, being the older of the two daughters of Prince Robert, the would-be heir to the throne until his death in 1612 from smallpox. As such, Queen Catherine would become Queen of Scotland at the age of 18 in 1612.

As ruler, she would continue her uncle's policy of religious toleration, even if she would be closer to Protestantism in her personal religious beliefs and would ensure that the realm would remain stable during her 18-year reign, which would see the first Scottish colonies in the New World established and a general period of economic prosperity occur during this period.

In her personal life, Queen Catherine would marry a Danish Prince in 1616 and would have four children before dying in 1630 from complications from childbirth, being succeeded by her son, Frederick.

1627_Philipp.jpg


[4] Frederick was the eldest son of Catherine I and John, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein. He was also a nephew of Christian IV of Denmark and Norway, and a grandson of Frederick II, for whom he was named. He was born in 1617 and became King in 1630 when his mother died shortly after giving birth to his youngest sibling - Lady Catherine. He was placed under the Recency of his father from 1630 to 1632, then his aunt, Margaret, Marchioness of Hamilton, from 1632 to 1635, and spent much time with his cousins during this period.

He married Anne, Madame Royale of France, only daughter of Louis XIII of France and elder sister of Louis XIV and the Duke of Anjou, in 1637, and they had five children, only two of whom survived to adulthood. Frederick would later arrange the marriage of his sister to his brother-in-law, the Duke of Anjou, and they would marry in 1648.

Following the establishment of the Scottish colony of Stewart's Land (OTL Nova Scotia) in 1621, Frederick funded further settlers and the establishment of the first significant settlement - New Edinburgh - in 1638.

He died in 1649, aged only 32, at the wedding of one of his cousins, William Hamilton, succeeded by his daughter, Euphemia.

File:Louise of Great Britain, Queen of Denmark and Norway.jpg

Queen Euphemia I of Scotland

[5]
Princess Euphemia was born in 16(38), the eldest surviving child of King Frederick I and (Queen) Anne. Her father died when she was just eleven years old, and Scotland was ruled by a regency headed by (Queen) Anne until Euphemia became of age in 1656.

Seeking to closen relations with France, Euphemia married Henri Jules, son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé the first cousin-once-removed of King Henry IV of France. Their marriage was an unhappy one and the Queen took other lovers. The Queen had several children although it remains unclear if they were legitimate or not.

Euphemia supported her father-in-law’s attempts to become King of Poland-Lithuania in 1669 and 1674, but both attempts failed. In 1697. The Queen supported her husband’s nephew, Prince François Louis of Conti’s candidacy to the Polish-Lithuanian throne. This time, the Pro-French faction succeeded and François Louis was elected as the new King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

However, Elector Augustus ''the Strong'' of Saxony disputed the results and declared himself the rightful monarch. Augustus with the backing of Russia, Austria, and Brandenburg-Prussia, crossed the Polish border, marching towards Kraków, but he was not allowed to enter the city. Augustus attempted to bribe the Starosta of Kraków to let him enter the city. But, when that failed, Augustus in a fury ordered the city sieged.

Soon, France and Scotland declared war. A year later, Queen Eumphemia died from an unknown infection and was succeeded by her nephew, John II.

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(6) Despite Queen Euphemia having several children, the question of their suspect legotimacy meant that the nobility quietly forced her hand into recognizing her nephew, Joachim Ernest III, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon, as her heir and when she died, he was crowned at the age of 28 as King John II of Scotland alongside his Russian wife, Natalya Alexeyevna, daughter of Alexis I, sister of Fyodor III, Ivan V and Peter I.

At the time of the coronation, John and Natalya had two children and Natalya was pregnant with a third. Natalya kept up a correspondence with Peter I from her marriage, to her death (two years after her husband in 1716) and used her influence at court.

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Queen Natalya of Scotland, painted by Ivan Nikitin

In late 1697, France and Scotland had declared war upon those powers who supported Augustus, Elector of Saxony, for the position of King of Poland. With the abrupt switch in foreign policy and awful winter weather, John II recalled the Scottish troops, leaving the French to support the Conti candidacy alone and resulting in the installation of Augustus the Strong as King of Poland-Lithuania.

John II meant to secure his position at home, whilst his great uncle, the Duke of Albany, had married Lady Judith Seymour, daughter of William III, King of England, leading to a prolonged period of peace in Britain, the House of Oldenburg-Plon and John II, as the senior heir to Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland, had never officially abdicated their claim to the English throne and the weak rule of William IV put England in a perfect position to be reclaimed. Ironically, it would be the French under Louis XV (a second cousin of his as John's grandmother Anne, and Louis' XV's grandfather, Louis XIV, were siblings) who would support the English House of Seymour in their quest to retain their throne, and fight off the Scottish. A minimal amount of border territory exchanged hands, but in the Treaty of Montrose (1708), the Scottish were effectively forced to make concessions and recognise the Third Succession Act and secure the House of Seymours position.

John II would only reign for a further 6 years after the Treaty of Montrose before his death in 1714, following a serious and unexpected stroke, but this was long enough for him to see the marriages of his two eldest children, and the birth of his first grandchild in 1713. He would be survived by his wife, who had largely retired to the Falkland Palace estate in 1710, and be succeeded by Peter, his son.

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Peter I, King of Scots and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon
[7] Peter was born in 1692 as the first child of future King of Scots John II and his wife Natalya of Russia, with his brother Ernest (born in 1695), and sister Anne (born in 1698) being his younger slibings.

He became King of Scotland and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon (as Peter Adolphus) in 1714, with his wife, Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (whom he married in 1712), at his side during his coronation.

Peter's reign saw the first Euphemnite uprising in 1715, led by Charles "the Old Pretenter", son of Euphemia I, which was defeated but more Euphemnite uprisings would happen during his reign. Other event was the continued colonization of the Amercias, with the expansion of Stewart's Land and the establishment of the South American colony of New Caledonia (OTL Guyana), which was created from the western half of Dutch Guiana, which they took following the Scottish-Dutch War in 1728.

In his personal life, Peter and Louise had a loving marriage and rised several children, including his second son John, who married Mary, Princess of Wales, the only daughter of Henry IX of England. Peter died in 1756 at the age of 64, and was succeeded by his granddaughter, Madelaine.

Anna_Leopoldovna_by_L.Caravaque_%28after_1733%2C_Tropinin_museum%29.jpg

Queen Madelaine of Scotland

(8) Madelaine I of Scotland was the granddaughter of Peter I, via his eldest son, Peter, Duke of Rothesay and Madelaine of Lorraine. The Duke of Rothesay predeceased his father so when Peter I died, Madelaine became Queen at 21, less than a year after her marriage to John, Earl of Ross, the heir to the Dukedom of Albany, therefore a distant cousin. Madelaine and John would have four children, the first born in 1760, which meant that the future of the Scottish monarchy was set to return to the House of Oldenburg-Stewart.

Frederick_Augustus%2C_Prince_of_Anhalt-Zerbst.jpg

John, Earl of Ross, Consort to Queen Madelaine

As her father predeceased her grandfather, when Peter I died, her uncle, Henry, the Prince Consort of Wales (England had adopted absolute primogeniture and adjusted the Prince of Wales title to match) had become the new Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon, and that title was inherited by the English crown under John III.

She reigned for 34 years which encompassed the Stewart's Land Revolutionary War which began in 1776 and ended in 1781. This saw Stewart's Land break away from Scotland with the support of the Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese, and the eventual establishment of the Grand Duchy of Stewart's Land under the Duke of Kintyre and Lorne who was about sixtieth in line to the Scottish throne and deemed divorced enough from the halls of power in Edinburgh that a reunion of Scotland the Grand Duchy was unlikely to happen.

1781 also saw the death of the Earl of Ross prior to his succession to the Dukedom of Albany which meant that his and Madelaines two sons stood to inherit it from their grandfather when he died. In turn, the "Grand Old Duke of Albany" would not die until 1804, 14 years after Madelaine which meant the Duchy passed to her second son Alexander.

Madelaine herself passed away in 1790 at the age of 55 at Edinburgh Castle whilst celebrating Hogmanay and be succeeded by her son John.

[9]

Prince John of Scotland was born in 1760 to Queen Madeleine of Scotland and her husband John Earl of Ross. He was named after his father and his, maternal Grandfather, maternal great grandfather and paternal grandfather with his full name being John Peter Francis . Growing up John was a very shy boy who preferred to play alone or with his brother and two sisters instead of with other children his age, he showed to be very Intelligent his tutors described his intelligence level as being far above many other children his age including his siblings. In 1778 at the age of 18 John married Princess Clotilde of France the granddaughter of King Louis Xv of France, their marriage was not very happy but the two still Managed to produce six daughters and one stillborn son. In 1790 Queen Madelaine died and John began his reign as John iii. Johns reign was very uneventful with him preferring to stay out of politics both domestic and foreign, this would eventually result in the position of Lord Minister of Scotland being made and John allowing them to control the country. When his grandfather Francis Duke of Albany died in 1804 it was expected that John would take over the Dukedom but instead he passed it to his brother Alexander. John began suffering from port health in the fall of 1806 and in early February of 1807 he died in his sleep, he was succeeded by his daughter, Madelaine.

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Queen Madelaine II c. 1809

(10) Madelaine was the second daughter of John III, her eldest sister, Clotilde, Lady Royal of Scotland (the Scottish equivalent to Princess Royal as it was only tradition for eldest son to be seen as Prince), died aged 16. Madelaine was made Lady Royal at this point and in 1799, she married Prince Gustav of Hesse Darmstadt, and by the time she became Queen in 1807, she was a mother of two : the Duke of Rothesay and the Duke of Brandon.

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Prince Gustav of Hesse Darmstadt, c. 1809

The Russian Revolution commenced in 1814 which, this saw the fall of the House of Romanov to which the Oldenburg-Stewarts were related via Natalya Alexeyevna by 1824. As such, the Boyar Duma as it would be known later, turned their attention to electing a new Emperor - and Madelaine herself was positioned to make a claim as the senior legitimate heir to Natalya. But the Scottish Council and the Lord Minister objected, offering her uncle, Alexander, the Duke of Inverness as an alternative candidate and in 1824, he was created as Alexander II of Russia, starting the Romanov-Oldenburg-Stewart line.

Madelaine had been fascinated by hot air balloons and the Monygolfier Brothers as a child and as Queen, she funded the Scottish Aeronautical Company and owned her own hot air balloon, which she would have tethered in the courtyard of Edinburgh Castle.

Despite her hot air balloon fascination, she died when her horse threw her on a ride through Edinburgh, this caused her to suffer a shattered pelvis which became infected. She died from complications and was succeeded by her granddaughter Henrietta.

[11]
e72ac936-d0c2-4661-a59f-1eb05ad9742a-jpeg.659607

A portrait of Queen Henrietta(c.1840)

The only child of Prince James Duke of Rothesay was born on June 12 1822 christened with the names Henrietta Madeline Louise. her father died when she was only 4 in 1826 leaving her to be raised alone by her mother who was very cold and distant to her. Henrietta was only eight when her grandmother died in a horse riding accident making her the new Queen. Since she was so young a regency was formed with her uncle prince Andrew being chosen for the position, until she reached the age of 18. During her minority years Henrietta was mostly taught how to rule, she showed a great interest in history especially women’s history this would spark her interest in the suffragette movement that had begun to take place in Scotland around that time. In 1840 Henrietta finally reached the age of majority and was crowned Queen of Scotland. During Henrietta’s 58 year reign she would focus mostly on creating equal rights for women and crushing the next Euphemnite rebellions that had taken place in 1855 and 1858 under Samuel the descendant of Charles “the old pretender” . She also showed interest in the ever growing industrial revolution and photography with a photo being taken of her and her eldest daughter in 1847.
View attachment 659608
Queen Henrietta with her eldest daughter (1847)

Henrietta married Prince Edward of England in 1841 and the two would have four children. Shortly before the birth of her first child Mary in 1842 Queen Henrietta changed the Scottish succession laws from Male preference primogeniture to Absolute primogeniture similar to how their neighbor England had done years ago. She also declared that the name of the ruling house would be the House of Edinburg regardless of if the crown passed to a female line. In 1873 the South American colony of New Caledonia was on the brink of revolution after a unfair taxing law was passed. To avoid fully losing the colony Queen Henrietta decided to make her second eldest daughter Alice(born 1845) Queen of New Caledonia by the time she was crowned Queen Alice was already married with three daughters. Henrietta was a very heavy smoker this would eventually lead to her death in 1888 at the age of 65 just a month before her 66th birthday. Her body would lay in state for three days before being laid to permanently rest. She was succeeded by her daughter Mary.

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Queen Mary of Scotland (1889)​
[12] Princess Mary was born in 1842 as the first child of Queen Henrietta and Prince Consort Edward, and grew up in a progressive environment which gave her views much like her mother. While Mary loved her mother, she had a more estranged relation with her father Edward, who wasn't in much of her young life, and so often did the reverse of what he wanted her to do. As she became a teenager, Mary took an interest in horses and archery and became an expert in both, and joined the Scottish Royal Army, being the first women to do so.

Mary would marry Prince Robert of Stewart's Land after meeting him during a visit of the country in 1864, and they went on to have six children together, whom Mary would help find spouses for when they got older.

Upon the death of Henrietta in 1888, Mary became Queen of Scotland at the age of 46, and one of the first things she did was attend an convention in Vienna, discussing on how to divide Africa, where she proposed the idea of hiring small tribal states to do the expansion and tree-cutting for them. This was accepted and would lead to the peaceful expansion of the various African countires.

Mary's reign is seen as an continuation of the golden age that was started with Henrietta, with Scotland being known as one of the most progessive countries in the 19th Century. She founded various equestian and archery competitions, one of which, the Queen Henrietta Competition, are still happening to this day. Mary also was interested in film and was the first Scottish monarch to be seen on the medium.

After Ireland delcared independence from England in 1898, the Irish Parliament went to work on selecting an King of Ireland. Mary offered the Euhemnite pretender James, who was just defeated in the Euhemnite rebellion of 1897, as their first King. The Irish accepted him and he became James I of Ireland.

However all good things must come to an end, and so in 1915, the Great War started after the French King was assassinated by an German nationalist. Mary would keep Scotland neutral during the war and when it was about to end in 1917, she died at the age of 75. Her successor ________, would declare a month of mourning following Mary's funeral.
 
Mary, Queen of Scots is born male.

Monarchs of Scotland

1513-1542: James V (House of Stewart)
1542-1599: James VI (House of Stewart) [1]
1599-1612: Alexander IV (House of Stewart) [2]
1612-1630: Catherine I (House of Stewart) [3]
1630-1649: Frederick I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [4]
1649-1698: Euphemia I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [5]

Monarchs of Scotland, Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon

1698-1714: John II (House of Oldenburg-Plon) (6)
1714-1756: Peter I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [7]

Monarchs of Scotland

1756-1790: Madelaine I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [8]
1790-1807: John III (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [9]
1807-1830: Madelaine II (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [10]
1830-1888: Henrietta I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Hesse-Darmstadt) [11]
1888-1917: Mary I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Plon) [12]
1917-1920: Madelaine III ((House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [13]

Monarchs of Scotland, Sovereign of San Marino

1920-1936: Madelaine III ((House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [13]



[1] James was born on 8 December 1542 at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland, to King James V and his French second wife, Mary of Guise. He was born prematurely and was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland and was six days old when his father died, leaving him to acceded to the throne.

Due to his age, Scotland was ruled by regents until James, became an adult. From the outset, there were two claims to the regency: one from the Catholic, Cardinal Beaton, and the other from the Protestant, James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, who was next in line to the throne. Beaton's claim was based on a version of the king's will that his opponents dismissed as a forgery. Arran, with the support of his friends and relations, became the regent until 1553 when James's mother with the support of Henry II of France and Mary I of England, managed to remove and succeed him.

While acting as regent, Arran tried suggesting Protestant matches for the young king, among them were Elizabeth Tudor, 9 years older than him and illegitimate daughter of Henry VIII of England.

In 1555, Mary of Guise arranged for 13-year-old James was married by proxy, to 10 year old, Elisabeth of Valois (1545–1568), eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici. It wouldn’t be until 1561, that Elizabeth of Valois would travel with members of her own court as well as a small French garrison, and the pair would enjoy a happy life in Edinburgh.

In November 1558, Henry VIII's elder daughter, Mary I of England, died and was succeeded by her only surviving sibling, Protestant, Elizabeth I.
Under the Third Succession Act, passed in 1543 by the Parliament of England, Elizabeth was recognised as her sister's heir to the English throne. Yet, in the eyes of many Catholics, Elizabeth was illegitimate and James, via his grandmother, Margaret Tudor, was the true King of England.
In December 1558, James reached the age of 16 and was crowned in his own right as King of Scotland, however, James was unable to stick his claim to the English throne as he was dealing with the power of the Protestant Lords of the Congregation rising.
James knew that he was dealing with a dangerous and complex political situation, when it came to the governing of Scotland, he would keep the balance of Catholicism and Protestantism in his court, especially with his illegitimate half-brother, the Earl of Moray, being seen as the leader of the Protestants fraction.
James also had the issue of Protestant reformer John Knox preached against him, condemning him for hearing Mass, married to a Catholic, and living too elaborately.

James VI died in 1599 aged 57 years old and was succeeded by his son, Alexander.

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King Alexander IV, a few months before his death

[2]
Prince Alexander was born in 1563, to King James VI and his wife, Elisabeth of Valois. He was the second of three children who would survive and reach adulthood. Growing up, the prince spent most of his early life being educated in France, where he would be influenced by King Henry III of France.

When his older brother, Prince James died in 1579, Alexander, now next in line to the throne, returned to Scotland. Despite efforts from the Catholics and Protestants at court, Alexander refused to marry anyone that either group suggested.

When his father died in 1599, strengthened the position of a religious tolerant monarchy convinced that it would save Scotland from collapse. During his reign, he would also work diligently to undermine religious extremists.

King Alexander IV unexpectedly died in 1612 and was succeeded by his niece, Catherine.

Electress_Sophia%2C_Princess_Palatine.jpg


[3] Queen Catherine I was the niece of Prince Alexander, being the older of the two daughters of Prince Robert, the would-be heir to the throne until his death in 1612 from smallpox. As such, Queen Catherine would become Queen of Scotland at the age of 18 in 1612.

As ruler, she would continue her uncle's policy of religious toleration, even if she would be closer to Protestantism in her personal religious beliefs and would ensure that the realm would remain stable during her 18-year reign, which would see the first Scottish colonies in the New World established and a general period of economic prosperity occur during this period.

In her personal life, Queen Catherine would marry a Danish Prince in 1616 and would have four children before dying in 1630 from complications from childbirth, being succeeded by her son, Frederick.

1627_Philipp.jpg


[4] Frederick was the eldest son of Catherine I and John, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein. He was also a nephew of Christian IV of Denmark and Norway, and a grandson of Frederick II, for whom he was named. He was born in 1617 and became King in 1630 when his mother died shortly after giving birth to his youngest sibling - Lady Catherine. He was placed under the Recency of his father from 1630 to 1632, then his aunt, Margaret, Marchioness of Hamilton, from 1632 to 1635, and spent much time with his cousins during this period.

He married Anne, Madame Royale of France, only daughter of Louis XIII of France and elder sister of Louis XIV and the Duke of Anjou, in 1637, and they had five children, only two of whom survived to adulthood. Frederick would later arrange the marriage of his sister to his brother-in-law, the Duke of Anjou, and they would marry in 1648.

Following the establishment of the Scottish colony of Stewart's Land (OTL Nova Scotia) in 1621, Frederick funded further settlers and the establishment of the first significant settlement - New Edinburgh - in 1638.

He died in 1649, aged only 32, at the wedding of one of his cousins, William Hamilton, succeeded by his daughter, Euphemia.

File:Louise of Great Britain, Queen of Denmark and Norway.jpg

Queen Euphemia I of Scotland

[5]
Princess Euphemia was born in 16(38), the eldest surviving child of King Frederick I and (Queen) Anne. Her father died when she was just eleven years old, and Scotland was ruled by a regency headed by (Queen) Anne until Euphemia became of age in 1656.

Seeking to closen relations with France, Euphemia married Henri Jules, son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé the first cousin-once-removed of King Henry IV of France. Their marriage was an unhappy one and the Queen took other lovers. The Queen had several children although it remains unclear if they were legitimate or not.

Euphemia supported her father-in-law’s attempts to become King of Poland-Lithuania in 1669 and 1674, but both attempts failed. In 1697. The Queen supported her husband’s nephew, Prince François Louis of Conti’s candidacy to the Polish-Lithuanian throne. This time, the Pro-French faction succeeded and François Louis was elected as the new King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

However, Elector Augustus ''the Strong'' of Saxony disputed the results and declared himself the rightful monarch. Augustus with the backing of Russia, Austria, and Brandenburg-Prussia, crossed the Polish border, marching towards Kraków, but he was not allowed to enter the city. Augustus attempted to bribe the Starosta of Kraków to let him enter the city. But, when that failed, Augustus in a fury ordered the city sieged.

Soon, France and Scotland declared war. A year later, Queen Eumphemia died from an unknown infection and was succeeded by her nephew, John II.

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(6) Despite Queen Euphemia having several children, the question of their suspect legotimacy meant that the nobility quietly forced her hand into recognizing her nephew, Joachim Ernest III, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon, as her heir and when she died, he was crowned at the age of 28 as King John II of Scotland alongside his Russian wife, Natalya Alexeyevna, daughter of Alexis I, sister of Fyodor III, Ivan V and Peter I.

At the time of the coronation, John and Natalya had two children and Natalya was pregnant with a third. Natalya kept up a correspondence with Peter I from her marriage, to her death (two years after her husband in 1716) and used her influence at court.

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Queen Natalya of Scotland, painted by Ivan Nikitin

In late 1697, France and Scotland had declared war upon those powers who supported Augustus, Elector of Saxony, for the position of King of Poland. With the abrupt switch in foreign policy and awful winter weather, John II recalled the Scottish troops, leaving the French to support the Conti candidacy alone and resulting in the installation of Augustus the Strong as King of Poland-Lithuania.

John II meant to secure his position at home, whilst his great uncle, the Duke of Albany, had married Lady Judith Seymour, daughter of William III, King of England, leading to a prolonged period of peace in Britain, the House of Oldenburg-Plon and John II, as the senior heir to Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland, had never officially abdicated their claim to the English throne and the weak rule of William IV put England in a perfect position to be reclaimed. Ironically, it would be the French under Louis XV (a second cousin of his as John's grandmother Anne, and Louis' XV's grandfather, Louis XIV, were siblings) who would support the English House of Seymour in their quest to retain their throne, and fight off the Scottish. A minimal amount of border territory exchanged hands, but in the Treaty of Montrose (1708), the Scottish were effectively forced to make concessions and recognise the Third Succession Act and secure the House of Seymours position.

John II would only reign for a further 6 years after the Treaty of Montrose before his death in 1714, following a serious and unexpected stroke, but this was long enough for him to see the marriages of his two eldest children, and the birth of his first grandchild in 1713. He would be survived by his wife, who had largely retired to the Falkland Palace estate in 1710, and be succeeded by Peter, his son.

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Peter I, King of Scots and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon
[7] Peter was born in 1692 as the first child of future King of Scots John II and his wife Natalya of Russia, with his brother Ernest (born in 1695), and sister Anne (born in 1698) being his younger slibings.

He became King of Scotland and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon (as Peter Adolphus) in 1714, with his wife, Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (whom he married in 1712), at his side during his coronation.

Peter's reign saw the first Euphemnite uprising in 1715, led by Charles "the Old Pretenter", son of Euphemia I, which was defeated but more Euphemnite uprisings would happen during his reign. Other event was the continued colonization of the Amercias, with the expansion of Stewart's Land and the establishment of the South American colony of New Caledonia (OTL Guyana), which was created from the western half of Dutch Guiana, which they took following the Scottish-Dutch War in 1728.

In his personal life, Peter and Louise had a loving marriage and rised several children, including his second son John, who married Mary, Princess of Wales, the only daughter of Henry IX of England. Peter died in 1756 at the age of 64, and was succeeded by his granddaughter, Madelaine.

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Queen Madelaine of Scotland

(8) Madelaine I of Scotland was the granddaughter of Peter I, via his eldest son, Peter, Duke of Rothesay and Madelaine of Lorraine. The Duke of Rothesay predeceased his father so when Peter I died, Madelaine became Queen at 21, less than a year after her marriage to John, Earl of Ross, the heir to the Dukedom of Albany, therefore a distant cousin. Madelaine and John would have four children, the first born in 1760, which meant that the future of the Scottish monarchy was set to return to the House of Oldenburg-Stewart.

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John, Earl of Ross, Consort to Queen Madelaine

As her father predeceased her grandfather, when Peter I died, her uncle, Henry, the Prince Consort of Wales (England had adopted absolute primogeniture and adjusted the Prince of Wales title to match) had become the new Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon, and that title was inherited by the English crown under John III.

She reigned for 34 years which encompassed the Stewart's Land Revolutionary War which began in 1776 and ended in 1781. This saw Stewart's Land break away from Scotland with the support of the Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese, and the eventual establishment of the Grand Duchy of Stewart's Land under the Duke of Kintyre and Lorne who was about sixtieth in line to the Scottish throne and deemed divorced enough from the halls of power in Edinburgh that a reunion of Scotland the Grand Duchy was unlikely to happen.

1781 also saw the death of the Earl of Ross prior to his succession to the Dukedom of Albany which meant that his and Madelaines two sons stood to inherit it from their grandfather when he died. In turn, the "Grand Old Duke of Albany" would not die until 1804, 14 years after Madelaine which meant the Duchy passed to her second son Alexander.

Madelaine herself passed away in 1790 at the age of 55 at Edinburgh Castle whilst celebrating Hogmanay and be succeeded by her son John.

[9]

Prince John of Scotland was born in 1760 to Queen Madeleine of Scotland and her husband John Earl of Ross. He was named after his father and his, maternal Grandfather, maternal great grandfather and paternal grandfather with his full name being John Peter Francis . Growing up John was a very shy boy who preferred to play alone or with his brother and two sisters instead of with other children his age, he showed to be very Intelligent his tutors described his intelligence level as being far above many other children his age including his siblings. In 1778 at the age of 18 John married Princess Clotilde of France the granddaughter of King Louis Xv of France, their marriage was not very happy but the two still Managed to produce six daughters and one stillborn son. In 1790 Queen Madelaine died and John began his reign as John iii. Johns reign was very uneventful with him preferring to stay out of politics both domestic and foreign, this would eventually result in the position of Lord Minister of Scotland being made and John allowing them to control the country. When his grandfather Francis Duke of Albany died in 1804 it was expected that John would take over the Dukedom but instead he passed it to his brother Alexander. John began suffering from port health in the fall of 1806 and in early February of 1807 he died in his sleep, he was succeeded by his daughter, Madelaine.

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Queen Madelaine II c. 1809

(10) Madelaine was the second daughter of John III, her eldest sister, Clotilde, Lady Royal of Scotland (the Scottish equivalent to Princess Royal as it was only tradition for eldest son to be seen as Prince), died aged 16. Madelaine was made Lady Royal at this point and in 1799, she married Prince Gustav of Hesse Darmstadt, and by the time she became Queen in 1807, she was a mother of two : the Duke of Rothesay and the Duke of Brandon.

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Prince Gustav of Hesse Darmstadt, c. 1809

The Russian Revolution commenced in 1814 which, this saw the fall of the House of Romanov to which the Oldenburg-Stewarts were related via Natalya Alexeyevna by 1824. As such, the Boyar Duma as it would be known later, turned their attention to electing a new Emperor - and Madelaine herself was positioned to make a claim as the senior legitimate heir to Natalya. But the Scottish Council and the Lord Minister objected, offering her uncle, Alexander, the Duke of Inverness as an alternative candidate and in 1824, he was created as Alexander II of Russia, starting the Romanov-Oldenburg-Stewart line.

Madelaine had been fascinated by hot air balloons and the Monygolfier Brothers as a child and as Queen, she funded the Scottish Aeronautical Company and owned her own hot air balloon, which she would have tethered in the courtyard of Edinburgh Castle.

Despite her hot air balloon fascination, she died when her horse threw her on a ride through Edinburgh, this caused her to suffer a shattered pelvis which became infected. She died from complications and was succeeded by her granddaughter Henrietta.

[11]
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A portrait of Queen Henrietta(c.1840)

The only child of Prince James Duke of Rothesay was born on June 12 1822 christened with the names Henrietta Madeline Louise. her father died when she was only 4 in 1826 leaving her to be raised alone by her mother who was very cold and distant to her. Henrietta was only eight when her grandmother died in a horse riding accident making her the new Queen. Since she was so young a regency was formed with her uncle prince Andrew being chosen for the position, until she reached the age of 18. During her minority years Henrietta was mostly taught how to rule, she showed a great interest in history especially women’s history this would spark her interest in the suffragette movement that had begun to take place in Scotland around that time. In 1840 Henrietta finally reached the age of majority and was crowned Queen of Scotland. During Henrietta’s 58 year reign she would focus mostly on creating equal rights for women and crushing the next Euphemnite rebellions that had taken place in 1855 and 1858 under Samuel the descendant of Charles “the old pretender” . She also showed interest in the ever growing industrial revolution and photography with a photo being taken of her and her eldest daughter in 1847.
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Queen Henrietta with her eldest daughter (1847)

Henrietta married Prince Edward of England in 1841 and the two would have four children. Shortly before the birth of her first child Mary in 1842 Queen Henrietta changed the Scottish succession laws from Male preference primogeniture to Absolute primogeniture similar to how their neighbor England had done years ago. She also declared that the name of the ruling house would be the House of Edinburg regardless of if the crown passed to a female line. In 1873 the South American colony of New Caledonia was on the brink of revolution after a unfair taxing law was passed. To avoid fully losing the colony Queen Henrietta decided to make her second eldest daughter Alice(born 1845) Queen of New Caledonia by the time she was crowned Queen Alice was already married with three daughters. Henrietta was a very heavy smoker this would eventually lead to her death in 1888 at the age of 65 just a month before her 66th birthday. Her body would lay in state for three days before being laid to permanently rest. She was succeeded by her daughter Mary.

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Queen Mary of Scotland (1889)​
[12] Princess Mary was born in 1842 as the first child of Queen Henrietta and Prince Consort Edward, and grew up in a progressive environment which gave her views much like her mother. While Mary loved her mother, she had a more estranged relation with her father Edward, who wasn't in much of her young life, and so often did the reverse of what he wanted her to do. As she became a teenager, Mary took an interest in horses and archery and became an expert in both, and joined the Scottish Royal Army, being the first women to do so.

Mary would marry Prince Robert of Stewart's Land after meeting him during a visit of the country in 1864, and they went on to have six children together, whom Mary would help find spouses for when they got older.

Upon the death of Henrietta in 1888, Mary became Queen of Scotland at the age of 46, and one of the first things she did was attend an convention in Vienna, discussing on how to divide Africa, where she proposed the idea of hiring small tribal states to do the expansion and tree-cutting for them. This was accepted and would lead to the peaceful expansion of the various African countires.

Mary's reign is seen as an continuation of the golden age that was started with Henrietta, with Scotland being known as one of the most progessive countries in the 19th Century. She founded various equestian and archery competitions, one of which, the Queen Henrietta Competition, are still happening to this day. Mary also was interested in film and was the first Scottish monarch to be seen on the medium.

After Ireland delcared independence from England in 1898, the Irish Parliament went to work on selecting an King of Ireland. Mary offered the Euhemnite pretender James, who was just defeated in the Euhemnite rebellion of 1897, as their first King. The Irish accepted him and he became James I of Ireland.

However all good things must come to an end, and so in 1915, the Great War started after the French King was assassinated by an German nationalist. Mary would keep Scotland neutral during the war and when it was about to end in 1917, she died at the age of 75. Her successor ________, would declare a month of mourning following Mary's funeral.

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(13) Madelaine III was born in 1896 to Prince Robert, Duke of Rothesay and his wife, Daniella, Hereditary Princess of San Marino. Robert died when Madelaine was only two. She married Ferdinand of Aurum Litore (OTL Gold Coast/Queensland, but colonised by Tuscany) and they had a single child by the time Madelaine succeeded her grandmother in 1917. She maintained the policy of neutrality that been put into place by the First Lord and Queen Mary and in 1920, she inherited the Principality of San Marino, which still practiced male preference primogeniture which meant the Scottish and San Marino thrones could seperate in future. When she inherited the Italian lands, she spent a majority of her time there and devolved much of her powers into a Regent - in most cases, her uncle and sister. She would have two more children with Ferdinand by the time he passed in 1830, and she in turn would die in 1836 when her eldest was only 20 years old.

Madelaine questioned the wisdom of installing a Euphemite as King of Ireland and married her cousin to the King of Ireland's daughter, effectively bringing the Kingdom of Ireland under Scottish suzerainity by default when Louisa of Ireland succeeded her father and her twelve year old son succeeded her in 1935, placing Ireland under a regency for James II of Ireland.
 
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Mary, Queen of Scots is born male.



Monarchs of Scotland



1513-1542: James V (House of Stewart)

1542-1599: James VI (House of Stewart) [1]

1599-1612: Alexander IV (House of Stewart) [2]

1612-1630: Catherine I (House of Stewart) [3]

1630-1649: Frederick I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [4]

1649-1698: Euphemia I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [5]



Monarchs of Scotland, Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon



1698-1714: John II (House of Oldenburg-Plon) (6)

1714-1756: Peter I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [7]



Monarchs of Scotland



1756-1790: Madelaine I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [8]

1790-1807: John III (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [9]

1807-1830: Madelaine II (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [10]

1830-1888: Henrietta I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Hesse-Darmstadt) [11]

1888-1917: Mary I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Plon) [12]

1917-1920: Madelaine III ((House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [13]



Monarchs of Scotland, Sovereign of San Marino



1920-1936: Madelaine III ((House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [13]



1936-1966:Alexander v (House of Edinburg/Agnatic:House of Medici de Ottajano) [14]



[14]

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King Alexander v visiting the country side of Scotland 1960

Alexander v was born the eldest child of Madeline of Scotland and Ferdinand of Aurum Litore. Just a year after his birth Madeline became Queen of Scotland and he was made Duke of Rothesay, Alexander grew up mostly in the principality of San Marino he spent a lot of time on the beaches there and he would spend much of his time there during his reign though not as much as his mother. His younger brother Francis and younger sister Mary would be born in the Italian islands in 1923 and 1925 his father died just 5 years after the birth of his sister in 1930 followed six years later by his mother in 1936.

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the new young King Alexander v 1936.

Alexander was only twenty at the time and was crowned as Alexander v of Scotland during his reign he took a largely ceremonial role of being a unifying figure for his people this would be especially when the the Second World War started in 1941 after France declared war on Germany. Scotland would side with France, England, Ireland and Sweden against Germany, Spain, Austria and Russia. Scotland would be on the winning side with the war ending in 1944 and Alexander giving a victory speech over the radio making him the first Scottish monarch to do so. Alexander didn’t marry for some time preferring to have mistresses and quick flings but that would change In 1952 when he met the Norwegian born actress Helena Kristensen who he met at a party for the movie Helena was in. the two hit it off right away and were married a year later in 1953.
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Alexander and Helena at their wedding 1953

Alexander was 37 and Helena was 25 their first child was born in 1954 and would be followed by two more in 1956 and 1959. Alexander would remain very popular during his reign making many visits around Scotland and San Marino. One morning In 1966 Helena tried to wake Alexander from his sleep and discovers he wasn’t breathing his death came as a great shock because he had been at almost perfect health at the time til this day it is unknown what could have killed the still relatively young King he was laid to rest in Scotland after 4 days of lying in state. He was succeeded by his _____, _____ who was only 12 years old.
 
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Mary, Queen of Scots is born male.

Monarchs of Scotland

1513-1542: James V (House of Stewart)
1542-1599: James VI (House of Stewart) [1]
1599-1612: Alexander IV (House of Stewart) [2]
1612-1630: Catherine I (House of Stewart) [3]
1630-1649: Frederick I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [4]
1649-1698: Euphemia I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [5]

Monarchs of Scotland, Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon

1698-1714: John II (House of Oldenburg-Plon) (6)
1714-1756: Peter I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [7]

Monarchs of Scotland

1756-1790: Madelaine I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [8]
1790-1807: John III (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [9]
1807-1830: Madelaine II (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [10]
1830-1888: Henrietta I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Hesse-Darmstadt) [11]
1888-1917: Mary I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Plon) [12]
1917-1920: Madelaine III ((House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [13]

Monarchs of Scotland, Sovereign of San Marino

1920-1936: Madelaine III (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [13]
1936-1966: Alexander V (
House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Medici de Ottajano) [13]

Monarchs of Scotland

1966-1982: Alexandrine I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Medici de Ottajano) [14]



[1] James was born on 8 December 1542 at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland, to King James V and his French second wife, Mary of Guise. He was born prematurely and was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland and was six days old when his father died, leaving him to acceded to the throne.

Due to his age, Scotland was ruled by regents until James, became an adult. From the outset, there were two claims to the regency: one from the Catholic, Cardinal Beaton, and the other from the Protestant, James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, who was next in line to the throne. Beaton's claim was based on a version of the king's will that his opponents dismissed as a forgery. Arran, with the support of his friends and relations, became the regent until 1553 when James's mother with the support of Henry II of France and Mary I of England, managed to remove and succeed him.

While acting as regent, Arran tried suggesting Protestant matches for the young king, among them were Elizabeth Tudor, 9 years older than him and illegitimate daughter of Henry VIII of England.

In 1555, Mary of Guise arranged for 13-year-old James was married by proxy, to 10 year old, Elisabeth of Valois (1545–1568), eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici. It wouldn’t be until 1561, that Elizabeth of Valois would travel with members of her own court as well as a small French garrison, and the pair would enjoy a happy life in Edinburgh.

In November 1558, Henry VIII's elder daughter, Mary I of England, died and was succeeded by her only surviving sibling, Protestant, Elizabeth I.
Under the Third Succession Act, passed in 1543 by the Parliament of England, Elizabeth was recognised as her sister's heir to the English throne. Yet, in the eyes of many Catholics, Elizabeth was illegitimate and James, via his grandmother, Margaret Tudor, was the true King of England.
In December 1558, James reached the age of 16 and was crowned in his own right as King of Scotland, however, James was unable to stick his claim to the English throne as he was dealing with the power of the Protestant Lords of the Congregation rising.
James knew that he was dealing with a dangerous and complex political situation, when it came to the governing of Scotland, he would keep the balance of Catholicism and Protestantism in his court, especially with his illegitimate half-brother, the Earl of Moray, being seen as the leader of the Protestants fraction.
James also had the issue of Protestant reformer John Knox preached against him, condemning him for hearing Mass, married to a Catholic, and living too elaborately.

James VI died in 1599 aged 57 years old and was succeeded by his son, Alexander.

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King Alexander IV, a few months before his death

[2]
Prince Alexander was born in 1563, to King James VI and his wife, Elisabeth of Valois. He was the second of three children who would survive and reach adulthood. Growing up, the prince spent most of his early life being educated in France, where he would be influenced by King Henry III of France.

When his older brother, Prince James died in 1579, Alexander, now next in line to the throne, returned to Scotland. Despite efforts from the Catholics and Protestants at court, Alexander refused to marry anyone that either group suggested.

When his father died in 1599, strengthened the position of a religious tolerant monarchy convinced that it would save Scotland from collapse. During his reign, he would also work diligently to undermine religious extremists.

King Alexander IV unexpectedly died in 1612 and was succeeded by his niece, Catherine.

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[3] Queen Catherine I was the niece of Prince Alexander, being the older of the two daughters of Prince Robert, the would-be heir to the throne until his death in 1612 from smallpox. As such, Queen Catherine would become Queen of Scotland at the age of 18 in 1612.

As ruler, she would continue her uncle's policy of religious toleration, even if she would be closer to Protestantism in her personal religious beliefs and would ensure that the realm would remain stable during her 18-year reign, which would see the first Scottish colonies in the New World established and a general period of economic prosperity occur during this period.

In her personal life, Queen Catherine would marry a Danish Prince in 1616 and would have four children before dying in 1630 from complications from childbirth, being succeeded by her son, Frederick.

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[4] Frederick was the eldest son of Catherine I and John, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein. He was also a nephew of Christian IV of Denmark and Norway, and a grandson of Frederick II, for whom he was named. He was born in 1617 and became King in 1630 when his mother died shortly after giving birth to his youngest sibling - Lady Catherine. He was placed under the Recency of his father from 1630 to 1632, then his aunt, Margaret, Marchioness of Hamilton, from 1632 to 1635, and spent much time with his cousins during this period.

He married Anne, Madame Royale of France, only daughter of Louis XIII of France and elder sister of Louis XIV and the Duke of Anjou, in 1637, and they had five children, only two of whom survived to adulthood. Frederick would later arrange the marriage of his sister to his brother-in-law, the Duke of Anjou, and they would marry in 1648.

Following the establishment of the Scottish colony of Stewart's Land (OTL Nova Scotia) in 1621, Frederick funded further settlers and the establishment of the first significant settlement - New Edinburgh - in 1638.

He died in 1649, aged only 32, at the wedding of one of his cousins, William Hamilton, succeeded by his daughter, Euphemia.

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Queen Euphemia I of Scotland

[5]
Princess Euphemia was born in 16(38), the eldest surviving child of King Frederick I and (Queen) Anne. Her father died when she was just eleven years old, and Scotland was ruled by a regency headed by (Queen) Anne until Euphemia became of age in 1656.

Seeking to closen relations with France, Euphemia married Henri Jules, son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé the first cousin-once-removed of King Henry IV of France. Their marriage was an unhappy one and the Queen took other lovers. The Queen had several children although it remains unclear if they were legitimate or not.

Euphemia supported her father-in-law’s attempts to become King of Poland-Lithuania in 1669 and 1674, but both attempts failed. In 1697. The Queen supported her husband’s nephew, Prince François Louis of Conti’s candidacy to the Polish-Lithuanian throne. This time, the Pro-French faction succeeded and François Louis was elected as the new King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

However, Elector Augustus ''the Strong'' of Saxony disputed the results and declared himself the rightful monarch. Augustus with the backing of Russia, Austria, and Brandenburg-Prussia, crossed the Polish border, marching towards Kraków, but he was not allowed to enter the city. Augustus attempted to bribe the Starosta of Kraków to let him enter the city. But, when that failed, Augustus in a fury ordered the city sieged.

Soon, France and Scotland declared war. A year later, Queen Eumphemia died from an unknown infection and was succeeded by her nephew, John II.

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(6) Despite Queen Euphemia having several children, the question of their suspect legotimacy meant that the nobility quietly forced her hand into recognizing her nephew, Joachim Ernest III, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon, as her heir and when she died, he was crowned at the age of 28 as King John II of Scotland alongside his Russian wife, Natalya Alexeyevna, daughter of Alexis I, sister of Fyodor III, Ivan V and Peter I.

At the time of the coronation, John and Natalya had two children and Natalya was pregnant with a third. Natalya kept up a correspondence with Peter I from her marriage, to her death (two years after her husband in 1716) and used her influence at court.

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Queen Natalya of Scotland, painted by Ivan Nikitin

In late 1697, France and Scotland had declared war upon those powers who supported Augustus, Elector of Saxony, for the position of King of Poland. With the abrupt switch in foreign policy and awful winter weather, John II recalled the Scottish troops, leaving the French to support the Conti candidacy alone and resulting in the installation of Augustus the Strong as King of Poland-Lithuania.

John II meant to secure his position at home, whilst his great uncle, the Duke of Albany, had married Lady Judith Seymour, daughter of William III, King of England, leading to a prolonged period of peace in Britain, the House of Oldenburg-Plon and John II, as the senior heir to Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland, had never officially abdicated their claim to the English throne and the weak rule of William IV put England in a perfect position to be reclaimed. Ironically, it would be the French under Louis XV (a second cousin of his as John's grandmother Anne, and Louis' XV's grandfather, Louis XIV, were siblings) who would support the English House of Seymour in their quest to retain their throne, and fight off the Scottish. A minimal amount of border territory exchanged hands, but in the Treaty of Montrose (1708), the Scottish were effectively forced to make concessions and recognise the Third Succession Act and secure the House of Seymours position.

John II would only reign for a further 6 years after the Treaty of Montrose before his death in 1714, following a serious and unexpected stroke, but this was long enough for him to see the marriages of his two eldest children, and the birth of his first grandchild in 1713. He would be survived by his wife, who had largely retired to the Falkland Palace estate in 1710, and be succeeded by Peter, his son.

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Peter I, King of Scots and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon
[7] Peter was born in 1692 as the first child of future King of Scots John II and his wife Natalya of Russia, with his brother Ernest (born in 1695), and sister Anne (born in 1698) being his younger slibings.

He became King of Scotland and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon (as Peter Adolphus) in 1714, with his wife, Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (whom he married in 1712), at his side during his coronation.

Peter's reign saw the first Euphemnite uprising in 1715, led by Charles "the Old Pretenter", son of Euphemia I, which was defeated but more Euphemnite uprisings would happen during his reign. Other event was the continued colonization of the Amercias, with the expansion of Stewart's Land and the establishment of the South American colony of New Caledonia (OTL Guyana), which was created from the western half of Dutch Guiana, which they took following the Scottish-Dutch War in 1728.

In his personal life, Peter and Louise had a loving marriage and rised several children, including his second son John, who married Mary, Princess of Wales, the only daughter of Henry IX of England. Peter died in 1756 at the age of 64, and was succeeded by his granddaughter, Madelaine.

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Queen Madelaine of Scotland

(8) Madelaine I of Scotland was the granddaughter of Peter I, via his eldest son, Peter, Duke of Rothesay and Madelaine of Lorraine. The Duke of Rothesay predeceased his father so when Peter I died, Madelaine became Queen at 21, less than a year after her marriage to John, Earl of Ross, the heir to the Dukedom of Albany, therefore a distant cousin. Madelaine and John would have four children, the first born in 1760, which meant that the future of the Scottish monarchy was set to return to the House of Oldenburg-Stewart.

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John, Earl of Ross, Consort to Queen Madelaine

As her father predeceased her grandfather, when Peter I died, her uncle, Henry, the Prince Consort of Wales (England had adopted absolute primogeniture and adjusted the Prince of Wales title to match) had become the new Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon, and that title was inherited by the English crown under John III.

She reigned for 34 years which encompassed the Stewart's Land Revolutionary War which began in 1776 and ended in 1781. This saw Stewart's Land break away from Scotland with the support of the Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese, and the eventual establishment of the Grand Duchy of Stewart's Land under the Duke of Kintyre and Lorne who was about sixtieth in line to the Scottish throne and deemed divorced enough from the halls of power in Edinburgh that a reunion of Scotland the Grand Duchy was unlikely to happen.

1781 also saw the death of the Earl of Ross prior to his succession to the Dukedom of Albany which meant that his and Madelaines two sons stood to inherit it from their grandfather when he died. In turn, the "Grand Old Duke of Albany" would not die until 1804, 14 years after Madelaine which meant the Duchy passed to her second son Alexander.

Madelaine herself passed away in 1790 at the age of 55 at Edinburgh Castle whilst celebrating Hogmanay and be succeeded by her son John.

[9]

Prince John of Scotland was born in 1760 to Queen Madeleine of Scotland and her husband John Earl of Ross. He was named after his father and his, maternal Grandfather, maternal great grandfather and paternal grandfather with his full name being John Peter Francis . Growing up John was a very shy boy who preferred to play alone or with his brother and two sisters instead of with other children his age, he showed to be very Intelligent his tutors described his intelligence level as being far above many other children his age including his siblings. In 1778 at the age of 18 John married Princess Clotilde of France the granddaughter of King Louis Xv of France, their marriage was not very happy but the two still Managed to produce six daughters and one stillborn son. In 1790 Queen Madelaine died and John began his reign as John iii. Johns reign was very uneventful with him preferring to stay out of politics both domestic and foreign, this would eventually result in the position of Lord Minister of Scotland being made and John allowing them to control the country. When his grandfather Francis Duke of Albany died in 1804 it was expected that John would take over the Dukedom but instead he passed it to his brother Alexander. John began suffering from port health in the fall of 1806 and in early February of 1807 he died in his sleep, he was succeeded by his daughter, Madelaine.

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Queen Madelaine II c. 1809

(10) Madelaine was the second daughter of John III, her eldest sister, Clotilde, Lady Royal of Scotland (the Scottish equivalent to Princess Royal as it was only tradition for eldest son to be seen as Prince), died aged 16. Madelaine was made Lady Royal at this point and in 1799, she married Prince Gustav of Hesse Darmstadt, and by the time she became Queen in 1807, she was a mother of two : the Duke of Rothesay and the Duke of Brandon.

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Prince Gustav of Hesse Darmstadt, c. 1809

The Russian Revolution commenced in 1814 which, this saw the fall of the House of Romanov to which the Oldenburg-Stewarts were related via Natalya Alexeyevna by 1824. As such, the Boyar Duma as it would be known later, turned their attention to electing a new Emperor - and Madelaine herself was positioned to make a claim as the senior legitimate heir to Natalya. But the Scottish Council and the Lord Minister objected, offering her uncle, Alexander, the Duke of Inverness as an alternative candidate and in 1824, he was created as Alexander II of Russia, starting the Romanov-Oldenburg-Stewart line.

Madelaine had been fascinated by hot air balloons and the Monygolfier Brothers as a child and as Queen, she funded the Scottish Aeronautical Company and owned her own hot air balloon, which she would have tethered in the courtyard of Edinburgh Castle.

Despite her hot air balloon fascination, she died when her horse threw her on a ride through Edinburgh, this caused her to suffer a shattered pelvis which became infected. She died from complications and was succeeded by her granddaughter Henrietta.

[11]
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A portrait of Queen Henrietta(c.1840)

The only child of Prince James Duke of Rothesay was born on June 12 1822 christened with the names Henrietta Madeline Louise. her father died when she was only 4 in 1826 leaving her to be raised alone by her mother who was very cold and distant to her. Henrietta was only eight when her grandmother died in a horse riding accident making her the new Queen. Since she was so young a regency was formed with her uncle prince Andrew being chosen for the position, until she reached the age of 18. During her minority years Henrietta was mostly taught how to rule, she showed a great interest in history especially women’s history this would spark her interest in the suffragette movement that had begun to take place in Scotland around that time. In 1840 Henrietta finally reached the age of majority and was crowned Queen of Scotland. During Henrietta’s 58 year reign she would focus mostly on creating equal rights for women and crushing the next Euphemnite rebellions that had taken place in 1855 and 1858 under Samuel the descendant of Charles “the old pretender” . She also showed interest in the ever growing industrial revolution and photography with a photo being taken of her and her eldest daughter in 1847.
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Queen Henrietta with her eldest daughter (1847)

Henrietta married Prince Edward of England in 1841 and the two would have four children. Shortly before the birth of her first child Mary in 1842 Queen Henrietta changed the Scottish succession laws from Male preference primogeniture to Absolute primogeniture similar to how their neighbor England had done years ago. She also declared that the name of the ruling house would be the House of Edinburg regardless of if the crown passed to a female line. In 1873 the South American colony of New Caledonia was on the brink of revolution after a unfair taxing law was passed. To avoid fully losing the colony Queen Henrietta decided to make her second eldest daughter Alice(born 1845) Queen of New Caledonia by the time she was crowned Queen Alice was already married with three daughters. Henrietta was a very heavy smoker this would eventually lead to her death in 1888 at the age of 65 just a month before her 66th birthday. Her body would lay in state for three days before being laid to permanently rest. She was succeeded by her daughter Mary.

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Queen Mary of Scotland (1889)​
[12] Princess Mary was born in 1842 as the first child of Queen Henrietta and Prince Consort Edward, and grew up in a progressive environment which gave her views much like her mother. While Mary loved her mother, she had a more estranged relation with her father Edward, who wasn't in much of her young life, and so often did the reverse of what he wanted her to do. As she became a teenager, Mary took an interest in horses and archery and became an expert in both, and joined the Scottish Royal Army, being the first women to do so.

Mary would marry Prince Robert of Stewart's Land after meeting him during a visit of the country in 1864, and they went on to have six children together, whom Mary would help find spouses for when they got older.

Upon the death of Henrietta in 1888, Mary became Queen of Scotland at the age of 46, and one of the first things she did was attend an convention in Vienna, discussing on how to divide Africa, where she proposed the idea of hiring small tribal states to do the expansion and tree-cutting for them. This was accepted and would lead to the peaceful expansion of the various African countires.

Mary's reign is seen as an continuation of the golden age that was started with Henrietta, with Scotland being known as one of the most progessive countries in the 19th Century. She founded various equestian and archery competitions, one of which, the Queen Henrietta Competition, are still happening to this day. Mary also was interested in film and was the first Scottish monarch to be seen on the medium.

After Ireland delcared independence from England in 1898, the Irish Parliament went to work on selecting an King of Ireland. Mary offered the Euhemnite pretender James, who was just defeated in the Euhemnite rebellion of 1897, as their first King. The Irish accepted him and he became James I of Ireland.

However all good things must come to an end, and so in 1915, the Great War started after the French King was assassinated by an German nationalist. Mary would keep Scotland neutral during the war and when it was about to end in 1917, she died at the age of 75. Her successor ________, would declare a month of mourning following Mary's funeral.

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(13) Madelaine III was born in 1896 to Prince Robert, Duke of Rothesay and his wife, Daniella, Hereditary Princess of San Marino. Robert died when Madelaine was only two. She married Ferdinand of Aurum Litore (OTL Gold Coast/Queensland, but colonised by Tuscany) and they had a single child by the time Madelaine succeeded her grandmother in 1917. She maintained the policy of neutrality that been put into place by the First Lord and Queen Mary and in 1920, she inherited the Principality of San Marino, which still practiced male preference primogeniture which meant the Scottish and San Marino thrones could seperate in future. When she inherited the Italian lands, she spent a majority of her time there and devolved much of her powers into a Regent - in most cases, her uncle and sister. She would have two more children with Ferdinand by the time he passed in 1830, and she in turn would die in 1836 when her eldest was only 20 years old.

Madelaine questioned the wisdom of installing a Euphemite as King of Ireland and married her cousin to the King of Ireland's daughter, effectively bringing the Kingdom of Ireland under Scottish suzerainity by default when Louisa of Ireland succeeded her father and her twelve year old son succeeded her in 1935, placing Ireland under a regency for James II of Ireland.

[14]


King Alexander v visiting the country side of Scotland 1960

Alexander v was born the eldest child of Madeline of Scotland and Ferdinand of Aurum Litore. Just a year after his birth Madeline became Queen of Scotland and he was made Duke of Rothesay, Alexander grew up mostly in the principality of San Marino he spent a lot of time on the beaches there and he would spend much of his time there during his reign though not as much as his mother. His younger brother Francis and younger sister Mary would be born in the Italian islands in 1923 and 1925 his father died just 5 years after the birth of his sister in 1930 followed six years later by his mother in 1936.


the new young King Alexander v 1936.

Alexander was only twenty at the time and was crowned as Alexander v of Scotland during his reign he took a largely ceremonial role of being a unifying figure for his people this would be especially when the the Second World War started in 1941 after France declared war on Germany. Scotland would side with France, England, Ireland and Sweden against Germany, Spain, Austria and Russia. Scotland would be on the winning side with the war ending in 1944 and Alexander giving a victory speech over the radio making him the first Scottish monarch to do so. Alexander didn’t marry for some time preferring to have mistresses and quick flings but that would change In 1952 when he met the Norwegian born actress Helena Kristensen who he met at a party for the movie Helena was in. the two hit it off right away and were married a year later in 1953.


Alexander and Helena at their wedding 1953

Alexander was 37 and Helena was 25 their first child was born in 1954 and would be followed by two more in 1956 and 1959. Alexander would remain very popular during his reign making many visits around Scotland and San Marino. One morning In 1966 Helena tried to wake Alexander from his sleep and discovers he wasn’t breathing his death came as a great shock because he had been at almost perfect health at the time til this day it is unknown what could have killed the still relatively young King he was laid to rest in Scotland after 4 days of lying in state. He was succeeded by his _____, _____ who was only 12 years old.

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Queen Alexandrine with her aunt, Lady Mary Crosby-Atkins-Waterford

(14) Alexandrine was the eldest child of Alexander V and Helena Kristensen, and became Queen at 12 whilst her younger brother, Ferdinand, succeeded their father as Prince of San Marino at the age of only ten. This meant that for the next eight years her uncle, Lord Robert, would be Regent of San Marino and for the next six her aunt, Lady Mary, would be Regent of Scotland. When she reached majority, she chose not to marry straight away and spent some time finding her feet as monarch in her own right. When she did eventually marry in 1979, at the age of 25, it was to Edoardo, Marquess of Saluzzo (House of Aleramici) and they had their first and old child in 1981.

The following year, Alexandrine would pass in a car crash - and be succeeded by __________
 
Mary, Queen of Scots is born male.

Monarchs of Scotland

1513-1542: James V (House of Stewart)
1542-1599: James VI (House of Stewart) [1]
1599-1612: Alexander IV (House of Stewart) [2]
1612-1630: Catherine I (House of Stewart) [3]
1630-1649: Frederick I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [4]
1649-1698: Euphemia I (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [5]

Monarchs of Scotland, Dukes of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon

1698-1714: John II (House of Oldenburg-Plon) (6)
1714-1756: Peter I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [7]

Monarchs of Scotland

1756-1790: Madelaine I (House of Oldenburg-Plon) [8]
1790-1807: John III (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [9]
1807-1830: Madelaine II (House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [10]
1830-1888: Henrietta I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Hesse-Darmstadt) [11]
1888-1917: Mary I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Plon) [12]
1917-1920: Madelaine III ((House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [13]

Monarchs of Scotland, Sovereign of San Marino

1920-1936: Madelaine III (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Oldenburg-Stewart) [13]
1936-1966: Alexander V (
House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Medici de Ottajano) [13]

Monarchs of Scotland

1966-1982: Alexandrine I (House of Edinburgh/Agnatic: House of Medici de Ottajano) [14]
1982-Present: Catherine II (House of Edinbergh) [15]



[1] James was born on 8 December 1542 at Linlithgow Palace, Scotland, to King James V and his French second wife, Mary of Guise. He was born prematurely and was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V of Scotland and was six days old when his father died, leaving him to acceded to the throne.

Due to his age, Scotland was ruled by regents until James, became an adult. From the outset, there were two claims to the regency: one from the Catholic, Cardinal Beaton, and the other from the Protestant, James Hamilton, Earl of Arran, who was next in line to the throne. Beaton's claim was based on a version of the king's will that his opponents dismissed as a forgery. Arran, with the support of his friends and relations, became the regent until 1553 when James's mother with the support of Henry II of France and Mary I of England, managed to remove and succeed him.

While acting as regent, Arran tried suggesting Protestant matches for the young king, among them were Elizabeth Tudor, 9 years older than him and illegitimate daughter of Henry VIII of England.

In 1555, Mary of Guise arranged for 13-year-old James was married by proxy, to 10 year old, Elisabeth of Valois (1545–1568), eldest daughter of Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici. It wouldn’t be until 1561, that Elizabeth of Valois would travel with members of her own court as well as a small French garrison, and the pair would enjoy a happy life in Edinburgh.

In November 1558, Henry VIII's elder daughter, Mary I of England, died and was succeeded by her only surviving sibling, Protestant, Elizabeth I.
Under the Third Succession Act, passed in 1543 by the Parliament of England, Elizabeth was recognised as her sister's heir to the English throne. Yet, in the eyes of many Catholics, Elizabeth was illegitimate and James, via his grandmother, Margaret Tudor, was the true King of England.
In December 1558, James reached the age of 16 and was crowned in his own right as King of Scotland, however, James was unable to stick his claim to the English throne as he was dealing with the power of the Protestant Lords of the Congregation rising.
James knew that he was dealing with a dangerous and complex political situation, when it came to the governing of Scotland, he would keep the balance of Catholicism and Protestantism in his court, especially with his illegitimate half-brother, the Earl of Moray, being seen as the leader of the Protestants fraction.
James also had the issue of Protestant reformer John Knox preached against him, condemning him for hearing Mass, married to a Catholic, and living too elaborately.

James VI died in 1599 aged 57 years old and was succeeded by his son, Alexander.

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King Alexander IV, a few months before his death

[2]
Prince Alexander was born in 1563, to King James VI and his wife, Elisabeth of Valois. He was the second of three children who would survive and reach adulthood. Growing up, the prince spent most of his early life being educated in France, where he would be influenced by King Henry III of France.

When his older brother, Prince James died in 1579, Alexander, now next in line to the throne, returned to Scotland. Despite efforts from the Catholics and Protestants at court, Alexander refused to marry anyone that either group suggested.

When his father died in 1599, strengthened the position of a religious tolerant monarchy convinced that it would save Scotland from collapse. During his reign, he would also work diligently to undermine religious extremists.

King Alexander IV unexpectedly died in 1612 and was succeeded by his niece, Catherine.

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[3] Queen Catherine I was the niece of Prince Alexander, being the older of the two daughters of Prince Robert, the would-be heir to the throne until his death in 1612 from smallpox. As such, Queen Catherine would become Queen of Scotland at the age of 18 in 1612.

As ruler, she would continue her uncle's policy of religious toleration, even if she would be closer to Protestantism in her personal religious beliefs and would ensure that the realm would remain stable during her 18-year reign, which would see the first Scottish colonies in the New World established and a general period of economic prosperity occur during this period.

In her personal life, Queen Catherine would marry a Danish Prince in 1616 and would have four children before dying in 1630 from complications from childbirth, being succeeded by her son, Frederick.

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[4] Frederick was the eldest son of Catherine I and John, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein. He was also a nephew of Christian IV of Denmark and Norway, and a grandson of Frederick II, for whom he was named. He was born in 1617 and became King in 1630 when his mother died shortly after giving birth to his youngest sibling - Lady Catherine. He was placed under the Recency of his father from 1630 to 1632, then his aunt, Margaret, Marchioness of Hamilton, from 1632 to 1635, and spent much time with his cousins during this period.

He married Anne, Madame Royale of France, only daughter of Louis XIII of France and elder sister of Louis XIV and the Duke of Anjou, in 1637, and they had five children, only two of whom survived to adulthood. Frederick would later arrange the marriage of his sister to his brother-in-law, the Duke of Anjou, and they would marry in 1648.

Following the establishment of the Scottish colony of Stewart's Land (OTL Nova Scotia) in 1621, Frederick funded further settlers and the establishment of the first significant settlement - New Edinburgh - in 1638.

He died in 1649, aged only 32, at the wedding of one of his cousins, William Hamilton, succeeded by his daughter, Euphemia.

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Queen Euphemia I of Scotland

[5]
Princess Euphemia was born in 16(38), the eldest surviving child of King Frederick I and (Queen) Anne. Her father died when she was just eleven years old, and Scotland was ruled by a regency headed by (Queen) Anne until Euphemia became of age in 1656.

Seeking to closen relations with France, Euphemia married Henri Jules, son of Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé the first cousin-once-removed of King Henry IV of France. Their marriage was an unhappy one and the Queen took other lovers. The Queen had several children although it remains unclear if they were legitimate or not.

Euphemia supported her father-in-law’s attempts to become King of Poland-Lithuania in 1669 and 1674, but both attempts failed. In 1697. The Queen supported her husband’s nephew, Prince François Louis of Conti’s candidacy to the Polish-Lithuanian throne. This time, the Pro-French faction succeeded and François Louis was elected as the new King of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

However, Elector Augustus ''the Strong'' of Saxony disputed the results and declared himself the rightful monarch. Augustus with the backing of Russia, Austria, and Brandenburg-Prussia, crossed the Polish border, marching towards Kraków, but he was not allowed to enter the city. Augustus attempted to bribe the Starosta of Kraków to let him enter the city. But, when that failed, Augustus in a fury ordered the city sieged.

Soon, France and Scotland declared war. A year later, Queen Eumphemia died from an unknown infection and was succeeded by her nephew, John II.

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(6) Despite Queen Euphemia having several children, the question of their suspect legotimacy meant that the nobility quietly forced her hand into recognizing her nephew, Joachim Ernest III, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon, as her heir and when she died, he was crowned at the age of 28 as King John II of Scotland alongside his Russian wife, Natalya Alexeyevna, daughter of Alexis I, sister of Fyodor III, Ivan V and Peter I.

At the time of the coronation, John and Natalya had two children and Natalya was pregnant with a third. Natalya kept up a correspondence with Peter I from her marriage, to her death (two years after her husband in 1716) and used her influence at court.

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Queen Natalya of Scotland, painted by Ivan Nikitin

In late 1697, France and Scotland had declared war upon those powers who supported Augustus, Elector of Saxony, for the position of King of Poland. With the abrupt switch in foreign policy and awful winter weather, John II recalled the Scottish troops, leaving the French to support the Conti candidacy alone and resulting in the installation of Augustus the Strong as King of Poland-Lithuania.

John II meant to secure his position at home, whilst his great uncle, the Duke of Albany, had married Lady Judith Seymour, daughter of William III, King of England, leading to a prolonged period of peace in Britain, the House of Oldenburg-Plon and John II, as the senior heir to Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland, had never officially abdicated their claim to the English throne and the weak rule of William IV put England in a perfect position to be reclaimed. Ironically, it would be the French under Louis XV (a second cousin of his as John's grandmother Anne, and Louis' XV's grandfather, Louis XIV, were siblings) who would support the English House of Seymour in their quest to retain their throne, and fight off the Scottish. A minimal amount of border territory exchanged hands, but in the Treaty of Montrose (1708), the Scottish were effectively forced to make concessions and recognise the Third Succession Act and secure the House of Seymours position.

John II would only reign for a further 6 years after the Treaty of Montrose before his death in 1714, following a serious and unexpected stroke, but this was long enough for him to see the marriages of his two eldest children, and the birth of his first grandchild in 1713. He would be survived by his wife, who had largely retired to the Falkland Palace estate in 1710, and be succeeded by Peter, his son.

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Peter I, King of Scots and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon
[7] Peter was born in 1692 as the first child of future King of Scots John II and his wife Natalya of Russia, with his brother Ernest (born in 1695), and sister Anne (born in 1698) being his younger slibings.

He became King of Scotland and Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon (as Peter Adolphus) in 1714, with his wife, Louise of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (whom he married in 1712), at his side during his coronation.

Peter's reign saw the first Euphemnite uprising in 1715, led by Charles "the Old Pretenter", son of Euphemia I, which was defeated but more Euphemnite uprisings would happen during his reign. Other event was the continued colonization of the Amercias, with the expansion of Stewart's Land and the establishment of the South American colony of New Caledonia (OTL Guyana), which was created from the western half of Dutch Guiana, which they took following the Scottish-Dutch War in 1728.

In his personal life, Peter and Louise had a loving marriage and rised several children, including his second son John, who married Mary, Princess of Wales, the only daughter of Henry IX of England. Peter died in 1756 at the age of 64, and was succeeded by his granddaughter, Madelaine.

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Queen Madelaine of Scotland

(8) Madelaine I of Scotland was the granddaughter of Peter I, via his eldest son, Peter, Duke of Rothesay and Madelaine of Lorraine. The Duke of Rothesay predeceased his father so when Peter I died, Madelaine became Queen at 21, less than a year after her marriage to John, Earl of Ross, the heir to the Dukedom of Albany, therefore a distant cousin. Madelaine and John would have four children, the first born in 1760, which meant that the future of the Scottish monarchy was set to return to the House of Oldenburg-Stewart.

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John, Earl of Ross, Consort to Queen Madelaine

As her father predeceased her grandfather, when Peter I died, her uncle, Henry, the Prince Consort of Wales (England had adopted absolute primogeniture and adjusted the Prince of Wales title to match) had become the new Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Plon, and that title was inherited by the English crown under John III.

She reigned for 34 years which encompassed the Stewart's Land Revolutionary War which began in 1776 and ended in 1781. This saw Stewart's Land break away from Scotland with the support of the Spanish, Dutch and Portuguese, and the eventual establishment of the Grand Duchy of Stewart's Land under the Duke of Kintyre and Lorne who was about sixtieth in line to the Scottish throne and deemed divorced enough from the halls of power in Edinburgh that a reunion of Scotland the Grand Duchy was unlikely to happen.

1781 also saw the death of the Earl of Ross prior to his succession to the Dukedom of Albany which meant that his and Madelaines two sons stood to inherit it from their grandfather when he died. In turn, the "Grand Old Duke of Albany" would not die until 1804, 14 years after Madelaine which meant the Duchy passed to her second son Alexander.

Madelaine herself passed away in 1790 at the age of 55 at Edinburgh Castle whilst celebrating Hogmanay and be succeeded by her son John.

[9]

Prince John of Scotland was born in 1760 to Queen Madeleine of Scotland and her husband John Earl of Ross. He was named after his father and his, maternal Grandfather, maternal great grandfather and paternal grandfather with his full name being John Peter Francis . Growing up John was a very shy boy who preferred to play alone or with his brother and two sisters instead of with other children his age, he showed to be very Intelligent his tutors described his intelligence level as being far above many other children his age including his siblings. In 1778 at the age of 18 John married Princess Clotilde of France the granddaughter of King Louis Xv of France, their marriage was not very happy but the two still Managed to produce six daughters and one stillborn son. In 1790 Queen Madelaine died and John began his reign as John iii. Johns reign was very uneventful with him preferring to stay out of politics both domestic and foreign, this would eventually result in the position of Lord Minister of Scotland being made and John allowing them to control the country. When his grandfather Francis Duke of Albany died in 1804 it was expected that John would take over the Dukedom but instead he passed it to his brother Alexander. John began suffering from port health in the fall of 1806 and in early February of 1807 he died in his sleep, he was succeeded by his daughter, Madelaine.

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Queen Madelaine II c. 1809

(10) Madelaine was the second daughter of John III, her eldest sister, Clotilde, Lady Royal of Scotland (the Scottish equivalent to Princess Royal as it was only tradition for eldest son to be seen as Prince), died aged 16. Madelaine was made Lady Royal at this point and in 1799, she married Prince Gustav of Hesse Darmstadt, and by the time she became Queen in 1807, she was a mother of two : the Duke of Rothesay and the Duke of Brandon.

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Prince Gustav of Hesse Darmstadt, c. 1809

The Russian Revolution commenced in 1814 which, this saw the fall of the House of Romanov to which the Oldenburg-Stewarts were related via Natalya Alexeyevna by 1824. As such, the Boyar Duma as it would be known later, turned their attention to electing a new Emperor - and Madelaine herself was positioned to make a claim as the senior legitimate heir to Natalya. But the Scottish Council and the Lord Minister objected, offering her uncle, Alexander, the Duke of Inverness as an alternative candidate and in 1824, he was created as Alexander II of Russia, starting the Romanov-Oldenburg-Stewart line.

Madelaine had been fascinated by hot air balloons and the Monygolfier Brothers as a child and as Queen, she funded the Scottish Aeronautical Company and owned her own hot air balloon, which she would have tethered in the courtyard of Edinburgh Castle.

Despite her hot air balloon fascination, she died when her horse threw her on a ride through Edinburgh, this caused her to suffer a shattered pelvis which became infected. She died from complications and was succeeded by her granddaughter Henrietta.

[11]
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A portrait of Queen Henrietta(c.1840)

The only child of Prince James Duke of Rothesay was born on June 12 1822 christened with the names Henrietta Madeline Louise. her father died when she was only 4 in 1826 leaving her to be raised alone by her mother who was very cold and distant to her. Henrietta was only eight when her grandmother died in a horse riding accident making her the new Queen. Since she was so young a regency was formed with her uncle prince Andrew being chosen for the position, until she reached the age of 18. During her minority years Henrietta was mostly taught how to rule, she showed a great interest in history especially women’s history this would spark her interest in the suffragette movement that had begun to take place in Scotland around that time. In 1840 Henrietta finally reached the age of majority and was crowned Queen of Scotland. During Henrietta’s 58 year reign she would focus mostly on creating equal rights for women and crushing the next Euphemnite rebellions that had taken place in 1855 and 1858 under Samuel the descendant of Charles “the old pretender” . She also showed interest in the ever growing industrial revolution and photography with a photo being taken of her and her eldest daughter in 1847.
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Queen Henrietta with her eldest daughter (1847)

Henrietta married Prince Edward of England in 1841 and the two would have four children. Shortly before the birth of her first child Mary in 1842 Queen Henrietta changed the Scottish succession laws from Male preference primogeniture to Absolute primogeniture similar to how their neighbor England had done years ago. She also declared that the name of the ruling house would be the House of Edinburg regardless of if the crown passed to a female line. In 1873 the South American colony of New Caledonia was on the brink of revolution after a unfair taxing law was passed. To avoid fully losing the colony Queen Henrietta decided to make her second eldest daughter Alice(born 1845) Queen of New Caledonia by the time she was crowned Queen Alice was already married with three daughters. Henrietta was a very heavy smoker this would eventually lead to her death in 1888 at the age of 65 just a month before her 66th birthday. Her body would lay in state for three days before being laid to permanently rest. She was succeeded by her daughter Mary.

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Queen Mary of Scotland (1889)​
[12] Princess Mary was born in 1842 as the first child of Queen Henrietta and Prince Consort Edward, and grew up in a progressive environment which gave her views much like her mother. While Mary loved her mother, she had a more estranged relation with her father Edward, who wasn't in much of her young life, and so often did the reverse of what he wanted her to do. As she became a teenager, Mary took an interest in horses and archery and became an expert in both, and joined the Scottish Royal Army, being the first women to do so.

Mary would marry Prince Robert of Stewart's Land after meeting him during a visit of the country in 1864, and they went on to have six children together, whom Mary would help find spouses for when they got older.

Upon the death of Henrietta in 1888, Mary became Queen of Scotland at the age of 46, and one of the first things she did was attend an convention in Vienna, discussing on how to divide Africa, where she proposed the idea of hiring small tribal states to do the expansion and tree-cutting for them. This was accepted and would lead to the peaceful expansion of the various African countires.

Mary's reign is seen as an continuation of the golden age that was started with Henrietta, with Scotland being known as one of the most progessive countries in the 19th Century. She founded various equestian and archery competitions, one of which, the Queen Henrietta Competition, are still happening to this day. Mary also was interested in film and was the first Scottish monarch to be seen on the medium.

After Ireland delcared independence from England in 1898, the Irish Parliament went to work on selecting an King of Ireland. Mary offered the Euhemnite pretender James, who was just defeated in the Euhemnite rebellion of 1897, as their first King. The Irish accepted him and he became James I of Ireland.

However all good things must come to an end, and so in 1915, the Great War started after the French King was assassinated by an German nationalist. Mary would keep Scotland neutral during the war and when it was about to end in 1917, she died at the age of 75. Her successor ________, would declare a month of mourning following Mary's funeral.

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(13) Madelaine III was born in 1896 to Prince Robert, Duke of Rothesay and his wife, Daniella, Hereditary Princess of San Marino. Robert died when Madelaine was only two. She married Ferdinand of Aurum Litore (OTL Gold Coast/Queensland, but colonised by Tuscany) and they had a single child by the time Madelaine succeeded her grandmother in 1917. She maintained the policy of neutrality that been put into place by the First Lord and Queen Mary and in 1920, she inherited the Principality of San Marino, which still practiced male preference primogeniture which meant the Scottish and San Marino thrones could seperate in future. When she inherited the Italian lands, she spent a majority of her time there and devolved much of her powers into a Regent - in most cases, her uncle and sister. She would have two more children with Ferdinand by the time he passed in 1830, and she in turn would die in 1836 when her eldest was only 20 years old.

Madelaine questioned the wisdom of installing a Euphemite as King of Ireland and married her cousin to the King of Ireland's daughter, effectively bringing the Kingdom of Ireland under Scottish suzerainity by default when Louisa of Ireland succeeded her father and her twelve year old son succeeded her in 1935, placing Ireland under a regency for James II of Ireland.

[14]


King Alexander v visiting the country side of Scotland 1960

Alexander v was born the eldest child of Madeline of Scotland and Ferdinand of Aurum Litore. Just a year after his birth Madeline became Queen of Scotland and he was made Duke of Rothesay, Alexander grew up mostly in the principality of San Marino he spent a lot of time on the beaches there and he would spend much of his time there during his reign though not as much as his mother. His younger brother Francis and younger sister Mary would be born in the Italian islands in 1923 and 1925 his father died just 5 years after the birth of his sister in 1930 followed six years later by his mother in 1936.


the new young King Alexander v 1936.

Alexander was only twenty at the time and was crowned as Alexander v of Scotland during his reign he took a largely ceremonial role of being a unifying figure for his people this would be especially when the the Second World War started in 1941 after France declared war on Germany. Scotland would side with France, England, Ireland and Sweden against Germany, Spain, Austria and Russia. Scotland would be on the winning side with the war ending in 1944 and Alexander giving a victory speech over the radio making him the first Scottish monarch to do so. Alexander didn’t marry for some time preferring to have mistresses and quick flings but that would change In 1952 when he met the Norwegian born actress Helena Kristensen who he met at a party for the movie Helena was in. the two hit it off right away and were married a year later in 1953.


Alexander and Helena at their wedding 1953

Alexander was 37 and Helena was 25 their first child was born in 1954 and would be followed by two more in 1956 and 1959. Alexander would remain very popular during his reign making many visits around Scotland and San Marino. One morning In 1966 Helena tried to wake Alexander from his sleep and discovers he wasn’t breathing his death came as a great shock because he had been at almost perfect health at the time til this day it is unknown what could have killed the still relatively young King he was laid to rest in Scotland after 4 days of lying in state. He was succeeded by his _____, _____ who was only 12 years old.

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Queen Alexandrine with her aunt, Lady Mary Crosby-Atkins-Waterford

(14) Alexandrine was the eldest child of Alexander V and Helena Kristensen, and became Queen at 12 whilst her younger brother, Ferdinand, succeeded their father as Prince of San Marino at the age of only ten. This meant that for the next eight years her uncle, Lord Robert, would be Regent of San Marino and for the next six her aunt, Lady Mary, would be Regent of Scotland. When she reached majority, she chose not to marry straight away and spent some time finding her feet as monarch in her own right. When she did eventually marry in 1979, at the age of 25, it was to Edoardo, Marquess of Saluzzo (House of Aleramici) and they had their first and old child in 1981.

The following year, Alexandrine would pass in a car crash - and be succeeded by __________
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[15]
Queen Catherine was born on May 6, 1981 as the only daughter of Queen Alexandrine and her husband, becoming Queen nine months later after her mother's death in a car accident. After her mother's death in a car accident, she would largely be raised by her aunt Sophia and her father during her early life and would grow up to be an intelligent and talented young woman with her being coronated as Queen of Scotland on September 10, 2000.

As Queen of Scotland, Catherine has been known for her activism and support for environmentalist causes and assisting refugees from conflicts during her reign. In addition, she has married Prince James of France in 2004 with the two having three children as well.
 
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