Junk Bin - Merge deleted threads here.

Do you have interest in chinese culture?

  • Yes.

    Votes: 8 50.0%
  • Yes, i want to china.

    Votes: 8 50.0%

  • Total voters
    16
Status
Not open for further replies.
Denver Broncos top two RBs injured

The Denver Broncos lost their top two running backs in Sunday's opening full-camp practice. They were Knowshon Moreno and Correll Buckhalter.Knowshon Moreno twisted awkwardly as he attempted to catch a pass along the sideline in a seven-on-seven drill, then was carted off the field. Moreno couldn't put any weight on his right leg and was aided by two trainers into the team's facility. The fear is that Moreno tore his hamstring, which would sideline him for at least the rest of camp.Shortly afterward, backup Correll Buckhalter walked off the practice field holding his lower back. It's unsure when he'll be able to practice again. And coach Josh McDaniels refused to answer questions about the injuries Sunday night.Without Moreno and Buckhalter, Kolby Smith and Lance Ball will get added carries. Having traded J.J. Arrington last week, the Broncos might reconsider signing free agent Brian Westbrook.
 
Roman Alternate History Game (12-800)

I am currently in the early stages of developing a game based on an alternate history in which Rome embraced the use of steam rather than rejecting it. I would like this alternate history to be as historically plausible as possible. With that said the further one gets from the divergence, the greater the uncertainty so this portion is the most important, in my mind. I would very much appreciate any comments/suggestions or criticisms you might have as I intended on having a dedicated forum for the discussion of this time line on my site further along in the game development. Before that point, however, I would like to get it as honed as possible.

Due to length, I have posted the post 800 time line in another thread.

I appreciate your time and attention,


12AD- Augustus Cesar is presented with an Aeophile, a small
steam driven toy invented by the Greek philosopher Heron. Intrigued, Augustus
begins correspondence with Heron (who resides in Egypt), about what else the tiny
toy can do.

14AD- Heron presents a series of tiny models demonstrating
various uses for the toy, including opening doors, moving the typical “Force
Pump” automatically, and traveling across the floor on a ball platform. Impressed,
Augustus asks if larger versions were possible. Heron returns to Egypt to
consult with other scholars at Library of Alexandria.

17AD- Larger and slightly modified Aeophile is fitted to a
“force pump” to pump water as well as to grain and ore crushing mills that are
located away from sources of flowing water. A few of these devices as scattered
across Gaul, where wood is abundant, and Spain where mining is prevalent.

52AD- Engine operator takes note of the workings of a Force
Pump being driven by an Aeophile and wonders if the process could be reversed.
After a few months of tinkering he manages to fill the chambers of the pump
with steam and force them to move. This rudimentary piston engine produces much
more power with less waste.

82AD- Steam piston engine reaches limits of size using
available metals. Current models enjoy limited use across Europe,
specifically in rural areas, for mill operations and to move water to higher
elevations.

95AD- Stronger metals are developed to fill the need created
by the engines.

117AD- Emperor Trajan succeeds in conquering all of
Mesopotamia and the Parthian winter capitol of Ctesiphon.

120AD- Larger, more powerful engines fitted to rotating
paddles on river boats and light rail systems.

135AD- Small examples of utility rail systems spring up to
transport ore and wood from locations distant to water.

158AD- Emperor Marcus Aurelius,
having to dart from one part of the Empire to another, commissioned official
construction of railroads for the transportation of men and material. Engineers
devised a cheap, quick and easy method of laying track on top of the existing
roads by pouring cement into forms and then studding them with steel.

176AD- The son of Marcus Aurelius is killed in a boiler
explosion, leaving the aging king with no heir. When the Emperor dies on
campaign 4 years later, a brief civil war erupted, placing a victorious general
on the throne.

212AD- With a system of railways and paddle boats cris-crossing
the Empire, communication time from one the furthest extent is cut down from
weeks to days. People, cultures and goods begin to permeate formerly isolated
regions with regularity.

253AD- Greek dignitaries from Athens propose the Empire utilize an old
Greek method of communicating over a long distance by way of fires. Pleased,
the Emperor has the system put in place to communicate with key centers
throughout Rome.
Communication, in short form, drops to a day.

316AD- On the eve of battle with a rival for the Imperial throne,
Constantine
has a dream professing victory if he displayed the Christian symbol before his
army. His subsequent victory leads to the Edict of Aquileia which granted
religious freedom to all Romans. (Without the strict persecution of Christians
under Diocletian, who never came to power, the restorations of Christians found
in the Edict of Milan were not present.)

320AD- Emperor Constantine undertakes a number of reforms in
an effort to streamline the battered but still intact Empire. Control over Italy, Sicily,
and other nearby lands, is given directly to the Senate. Regional “Caesars” are
installed over Gaul, Hispania, Byzantium, Egypt,
and Carthage.
These “Caesars” are appointed by the Emperor who maintains direct control over
foreign policy and the military. Legions are reorganized to feature more potent
cavalry elements as well as dedicated “light” units (a role formerly held by Auxiliaries).
Lower quality troops are stationed along the massive frontier to be reinforced
by more competent, heavier, Legions concentrated near railways in the rear.

332AD- seat of Roman power moved to strategic, and
centralized, city of Byzantium.
Byzantium soon becomes the jewel of the East and
is hailed as a “New Rome” while the “old” Rome
goes through an economic down turn. The Senate and the spiritual “soul” of the
Empire, remains in the city of Rome.
(In much the same way that Moscow and St. Petersburg existed
prior to the Communist Revolution)

340AD- Increased demand for wood (to power steam engines,
especially in the East) leads to the development of the automated saw mill. Mills
and communities spring up through out Germania and Gaul.

360AD- Julian, Constantine’s
lone surviving male descendent, is Caesar over Gaul.
Pushes German attackers across Danube to Oder River.
New defensive line established along Oder in the north and Danube
in the south. When Augustus Constantius dies in 361, Julian is crowned Augustus
of the Roman Empire.

364AD- Julian’s legions push beyond the Tigris River
in the Middle East only to be ambushed.
Superior Roman soldiers escape the trap but Julian is severely wounded. Rapid
transit to hospitals in the rear save his life.

371AD- Julian establishes colonies in northern Africa to which troublesome Germans and Guals are
deported. To begin, only the most troublesome clans are deported but a prescient
is set that later Emperors takes advantage of. Leaders of legions, as well as individual
mandibles, are cross trained with other units and regularly rotated around the
Empire. This improved experience in various types of warfare and lessened the chance
of military revolt.

382AD- First fully functional steam engine arrives in China. This
soon leads to explosive growth of production that far outstrips the tentative
steps taken in the Roman Empire.

395AD- Huns assault Roman Empire.
Rapid response Legions repulse the attack but assault is but the beginning of
many years of continued struggle with northern frontiers.

413AD- Chinese paper making techniques arrive in Rome. Production of
inexpensive paper elevates strain of expensive, primitive Roman substitutes on
economy and allows a freer flow of information.

450AD- Assault of the Huns climax with the invasion of Attila.
Breaking through the garrisons and Legions along the Oder
River, Attila was finally halted in
the Alps by a hastily assembled Legion of
Italians by the Senate. The delay allows more troops to be shipped in from Spain and the East. The Senate refuses to disband its “Legion of the People” and instead
tasks it with protecting Italy and the city of Rome.
Emperor Theodosius, occupied with the still rampaging Huns and the Persians in
the East, allows the Legion to remain.

461AD- After 11 years of struggle, Attila is finally
cornered and killed. Gaul and parts of Germania
are devastated. A new Caesar is appointed over Germania
and both are divided into a series of Departments with government officials in
charge of rebuilding each. New cities are laid out and more Germans are allowed
into the area in order to work and live. Italy, who escaped the worst of the
attacks, sees a resurgence of population and revitalization of her cities.

500AD- Rome takes advantage of the power vacuum left by the Hun’s disappearance and plunges deeper into Germania, establishing a new line at the Vistula
River in the north, and the Dniester in the south. Conquered Germans are scattered
throughout the Empire to serve, to work or just to resettle. German populations
in Northern Africa begin to grow large and
display ill-feelings to the Romans who had deported them.

632-649AD- Islam explodes out of Arab Peninsula.
Finding willing supporters in the displaced Germans of North Africa, Islamic
armies sweep across Egypt and Palestine, into Turkey and Algeria. Scholars from the Library of Alexandria flea across the sea to the cities of Rome and Constantinople
for refuge. Eventually these refugees found centers of learning that are
ancestors to the first Universities. The Empire reels under these unexpected
assaults an is finally able to slow their advances to a stand still by 650.

712AD- Trade with industrialized China, with more or less constant conflict between Rome and the Islamic Empire, is at a stand still. The effort to retake lands lost to the Muslims had hit a wall and both Empires had begun a protracted “trench” war of attrition.
 
Birth of a Nation

Introduction

September 15, 1784
Philadelphia

“This is madness!”
Jared Ingersoll yelled at the people who were sitting in the conference room. His blood veins in pumped from the forehead and the skin was red of anger. “ The guns and cannons have finally been silenced in our new country days ago, and now this assembly wont even allow the widows and orphans to mourn the dead?”
“Honored Ingersoll, this country is by now nothing more than a loose a federation of settlements, we need to create the foundation of this democracy. Cornwallis and the british are defeated, but the blood of those who died for our freedom must not be in vain. We need to create the constitution of this god-blessed country, and we need to show our enemies that we will not make the same mistakes.” The word came from the earlier governor of Massachusetts, John Hancock.
He was also the man responsible for the meeting right now. After the war against the British was finally over, he gathered delegates from all over the country. The objective was simple. They would create the country's constitution.
But for Hancock, it was personal. His daughter Lydia died only ten months old. The tragedy was complete when his son George died. He fell over a British bayonet when he was out in the woods. The knife went right through his heart. Hancock hated the British from that day.
The convention lasted several days, but soon the constitution of the United States started to shape. The minor details was easily agreed upon, but there was several difficult question the delegates had to agree upon. The most difficult one, was the power of the executive branch. After living under the power of an distant tyrant, they feared being ruled by an near living dictator.
The last day of the convention, the most important decision was made in the halls of the Pennsylvania State House. It was not made in the Independence Hall between the 45 delegates, but in the bar where five important people sat and enjoyed their whisky and cigars.
They were the leaders of the revolution, the Founding Fathers of the United States. In the chair in the middle, Alexander Hamilton sat. ” The most important questions remain gentlemen’s, who are going to be the President of this nation.” The question had been avoided in the assembly. They did not wanted to risk a heated debate between the delegates of the colonies. Rhode Island had already refused to send delegates.
“ There are two men that the people identify as the face of America, the one is George Washington, the second one is..Benjamin Franklin.” Samuel Adams had a stone face when the word came out his mouth.
“ I agree, there are different views on how this union should be, but we can not risk this debate on the birth of the nation. We need men that can unite the colonies and give them an American identity.” Jefferson had already served as the Governor of Virginia, and was known to have strong views on how the union should be. But he was also an educated and smart man, and realized that an up heated political strife between the ever-growing federalists and democrats would mean the end of the union.
John Jay, who was sitting near the fireplace, tried to end the discussion abruptly. “Then we must decide between Washington and Franklin.” The voice from the fifth man flew into the air as he walked out from the dark corner of the room. “May I come with a suggestion?”
“Of course Mr Washington” said Jefferson with a smile on his face.

October 15, 1784
Philadelphia.
He hated to sail over the Atlantic Ocean. The job of being ambassador to France was a job he did with honor. But the long distance home was really a pain. But as Benjamin Franklin putted his leg on American soil, he finally felt that he was home. The notice to get home was urgent and he had appointed his secretary to lead the embassy while he was away. He promised that he would soon return to Paris. But Franklin never put his foot on European soil again.
When he entered the State House the convention was gathered one last time to ratify the constitution, a moment of history Franklin would not miss. The surprise was big when a young man guided him into the office of the governor. There, 12 people were standing, all watching him.
Washington was the one to greet him, but he said only one sentence. “Mr Franklin, this country needs you.” The world stopped.
“ I can not be the President of this union, I am 78 years old. I have, with the lord blessings, ten years left at top.”
“ It is therefore we need you, this country does not need a politician right now, they need a visionary, a man who gives this land their rightful place in history. They need you to shape the things of the future.” The glow in Washington eyes was intense.
“And what about you?” Franklin asked. “What about me, I am a general, I can not be the President, not yet, I have like the rest of the people in the room ideas. But before ideas can grow, we need to stabilize the earth, to create nutrition for the fruit of ideas. You are the man to do it.”
“If I say yes, what will now happen?” Franklin asked, still not convinced.
“First we need to ratify the constitutions, then we must have the electoral vote. I don’t think that is going to be a problem. But we need you to make a decision Mr Franklin.

April 30, 1784
New York City. Federal Hall
The sun shinned over the city on this historical day. Two months earlier Franklin had received all 65 electoral votes of the states. He run unopposed and the real issue to be decided was who would be chosen as vice president. Washington got 45 ballots and became the country’s Vice President. Franklin sat in a wooden chair. According to the ratified constitution he had to publicly take the oath of office as the first President under the Constitution for the United States of America.
Fifteen minutes later, it was over. Benjamin Franklin was now officialy the First President of the United States of America.

End of Prologue

Many people will say that President Franklin was a mediocre leader, but what people must remember is that when he took the office; there were non-guidelines or rules at all. He had to create the identity of the presidency all alone. His constant rivalry with Washington also hindered the efficiency of his work.
As the celebration of independence was over, the union had to be created, rules had to made. Franklin loved the idea of a strong state, and hoped that someday USA would be an influential superpower. His most important decision was arguably the creation of the National Bank. Even though many of the federalists objected to this action. It made it possible to create a growing economy in the Union.

=== An brief introduction of our Presidents, by Prof. Sarah Pahlin of Harvard University ===

Even though they were friends for a long time, the job of being President separated Franklin and Washington. Already some months into his period, Franklin felt that it was Washington who made the decision. It was probably true though. Franklin was a scapegoat, a man who would make all the unpopular decision that had to be made. And when Franklin’s four-year term was over, Washington would come in like a knight on a white horse and take over the presidency.
There are recording of a confrontation between Franklin and Washington at some point between the end of November 1786 and January 1787. Franklin was furious at that time. He accused Washington for treating him like a puppy and that he had tricked him to accept the presidency under false circumstances. He then called Washington a coward and said that he should have taken the job when it was his duty to do so. Washington of course denied the accusations, but said that Franklin was only a figurehead, and that politics was not why Frankin was elected.

=== Article on History Weekly 25 January 1967 ===

Franklin made several important decision as President. He recognized the importance of academica and supported the funding of several universities around the country. The merchant marine expanded and trade flourished. His love for France made the diplomatic relationship between the countries reached an all time high. But his most important decision was a private one. In 1788, right before the electoral congress voted Washington as his succesor, he freed his slaves. This was the directe cause to the creation of the abolitionists movment. This was against the strongly advices from Washington, who would be the President to actually handle the issue.
The question of an national capital was also raised by the future President Monroe. He argued heavily to create a new capital, with no ties to the former colonies. Franklin argued against this and wanted Philadelphia as the capital. The compromise in 1789, one of the last major decision that Franklin approved, made the city federal territory.
In March 1788 Franklin got the Polio disease. It took lot of his powers to combat it, and the last year, Washington was the President in everything but the name. Even though they had a stormfull relationship, Washington and Franklin settled their difference around the new year of 1789.
Franklin died as an happy man. His son, who sweared loyality to the crown, fleed to England in 1782. They had not spoken to each other since the war, and it took a heavy toll on the President. The 16 of august 1786 he received a letter from William, who tried to reconnect with his father. The 12 of November the same year, William arrived with his wife, Mary Johnson d’Evelin, and their newborn daughter to Philadelphia. They settled down in a house twenty miles outside the city. The last year of the President life, his grandchild was the cornerstone of his life.

=== A man of the history, Biography of Benjamin Franklin ===

It was easy to see that Franklin was dying under Washington inguration. He was covered in several blankets, even though it was a hot april day. When Washington was ingurated, he thanked Franklin for creating and protecting the union. The whole crowd, maybe 5000, stand up and applauded Franklin for maybe ten minutes. Some witness could swear they saw a their of joy in Franklin’s eyes.
When his heart stopped the eight of may the same year, there was a national mourning. His funeral was attended by the whole political elite in Philadelpia. He was then carried over to Boston where he lay in wake. Washington announced the same day that the new presidential office in Philadelphia would be called The Franklin House.

=== An brief introduction of our Presidents ===

KING GEORGE IS DEAD!
King George III died peacefully in his sleep tonight. Porphyria is probably the cause of his death. The death of the British monarch is bad new for the current Prime Minister William Pitt the younger. His chances to stay in power are certainly weakened by the death of King George, as it was a know fact that the king supported Pitt as the regent against Charles James Fox. The parliament is unanimously agreed upon that HRH The Prince George, Prince of Wales is the best-suited candidate for the throne.

=== Pennsylvania Gazette 3 March 1788 ===

UPRISING IN FRANCE. KING LOUIS ASSEMBLES ESTATES-GENERAL.
The ongoing financial crisis in France is worsening. Today King Louis XVI announced that he is summoning the different classes of France to the Estates-General. This is the first meeting of the classes since 1614, and it is hoped to quell the ongoing uprising in the country.

===Pennsylvania Gazette January 19, 1789 ===
 
The history of relations between the American government and the various Native and Indio tribes has been a complex one from the beginning. This history obviously dates to the arrival of Columbus in 1492 and his interactions with Arawak Indians of Hispaniola. Other important early events would include Cortez’s conquest of Tenochtitlan in 1521, and the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth in 1620 among many others.

The split between Native and Indio had not always existed. There was not much differentiation between any of the various “Red Indian” groups until after the War of Independence. Over time the two groups began to perceive themselves as two completely different groups of people.

The Natives saw themselves (and were recognized as such) as equal to whites. The Natives held posts in Parliament and in various Ministry’s. The held officer’s ranks in the Royal Army, the Royal American Navy, and the Royal American Marine Corps.

The Indios on the other hand were viewed as inferior barbarians by both whites and Natives. Although, the first voices for reform of relations with Indios came from the Native aristocracy (as well as a few Criollos and the rising Mestizo middle class in the Mexican provinces [more on this later])

But how did this differentiation come about? How did the Natives, namely the Haudenosaunee [1], the Shawnee, the Lenni Lenape [2], and several minor tribes, come to see themselves as different from other “Red Indians”? How did it come to pass that during the Wars of Settlement on the Plains of Platte and Assiniboia that scions of prominent Native families commanded cavalry troops alongside whites?

There are many possible factors that are agreed upon or rather not agreed upon by historians. One factor that is almost universally agreed upon to be the turning point in Native-White relations is Lord Dunmore’s War and the Battle of Point Pleasant on October 10, 1774.

There on that fateful October afternoon, 1150 Virginian Militiamen, led by Colonel, later a Brigadier during the War of Independence, defeated a force of approximately 700[4] Shawnee and Mingo warriors at a crossing of the Ohio River at modern day Point Pleasant, Virginia [5]. The Shawnee and Mingo led by Hokoleskwa [6] attacked Colonel’s Lewis’ force near the point where the Kanawha River flows into the Ohio River. After several hours of intense fighting, Hokoleskwa retreated back across the Ohio.



Hokoleskwa

The fighting had been brutal and had lasted all day. Seventy-seven Virginians had been killed and 140 had been wounded, but both Colonel Lewis and his brother Charles survived. [7]

The Shawnee-Mingo force had suffered approximately thirty dead, including the militant leader, Weyapiersenwah. [8] It was not possible to calculate the total number of of Shawnee-Mingo dead as they would toss the bodies of dead warriors in the rier to skew the casualty count. Notably among the survivors was the Kispoko [9] chief, Puckeshinwa. [10]

Lewis and his men followed, closing within eight miles of the town of Scioto. On Sippo Creek, the Lewis brothers set up Camp Charlotte where they negotiated the Treaty of Camp Charlotte in the name of Virginia Governor John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore. Hokoleskwa was forced to sign the treaty which ceded all Shawnee claims to lands south of the Ohio River (present day Vandalia [11])



Lord Dunmore



With the Battle of Point Pleasant and the signing of the Treaty of Camp Charlotte the Shawnees lost most of their will to fight Virginia. Many, if not most of their more militant leaders had been killed and after months of war they were weary and many sych as Puckeshinwa wanted to return home to see his young son, Tecumseh, and await the birth of his next child, Tenskwatawa.

For awhile the Shawnees would remain content until a chief Lenni Lenape approached them with an offer they couldn’t refuse....







[1] Iroquois Confederacy
[2] Delaware Tribe
[3] 1100 IOTL. While not an important or relevant butterfly it does reflect them
[4] Within the approximation of Chief Cornstalk’s strength in OTL.
[5] Point Pleasant, West Virginia IOTL. Spoiler Alert.
[6] Cornstalk
[7] IOTL seventy-five were killed and 150 were wounded. IOTL Charles Lewis was among the dead
[8] Blue Jacket. IOTL he survived the battle and was one of the more militant Shawnee leaders. He would later see the rise of Tecumseh and would die in 1810. With his death one of the more militant leaders of the Shawnee has been removed.
[9] A tribe in the Shawnee confederacy
[10] IOTL Puckeshinwa, father of Tecumseh, died during the Battle of Point Pleasant.
[11] OTL’s Kentucky
 
The history of relations between the American government and the various Native and Indio tribes has been a complex one from the beginning. This history obviously dates to the arrival of Columbus in 1492 and his interactions with Arawak Indians of Hispaniola. Other important early events would include Cortez’s conquest of Tenochtitlan in 1521, and the arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth in 1620 among many others.

The split between Native and Indio had not always existed. There was not much differentiation between any of the various “Red Indian” groups until after the War of Independence. Over time the two groups began to perceive themselves as two completely different groups of people.

The Natives saw themselves (and were recognized as such) as equal to whites. The Natives held posts in Parliament and in various Ministry’s. The held officer’s ranks in the Royal Army, the Royal American Navy, and the Royal American Marine Corps.

The Indios on the other hand were viewed as inferior barbarians by both whites and Natives. Although, the first voices for reform of relations with Indios came from the Native aristocracy (as well as a few Criollos and the rising Mestizo middle class in the Mexican provinces [more on this later])

But how did this differentiation come about? How did the Natives, namely the Haudenosaunee [1], the Shawnee, the Lenni Lenape [2], and several minor tribes, come to see themselves as different from other “Red Indians”? How did it come to pass that during the Wars of Settlement on the Plains of Platte and Assiniboia that scions of prominent Native families commanded cavalry troops alongside whites?

There are many possible factors that are agreed upon or rather not agreed upon by historians. One factor that is almost universally agreed upon to be the turning point in Native-White relations is Lord Dunmore’s War and the Battle of Point Pleasant on October 10, 1774.

There on that fateful October afternoon, 1150 Virginian Militiamen, led by Colonel, later a Brigadier during the War of Independence, defeated a force of approximately 700[4] Shawnee and Mingo warriors at a crossing of the Ohio River at modern day Point Pleasant, Virginia [5]. The Shawnee and Mingo led by Hokoleskwa [6] attacked Colonel’s Lewis’ force near the point where the Kanawha River flows into the Ohio River. After several hours of intense fighting, Hokoleskwa retreated back across the Ohio.



Hokoleskwa

The fighting had been brutal and had lasted all day. Seventy-seven Virginians had been killed and 140 had been wounded, but both Colonel Lewis and his brother Charles survived. [7]

The Shawnee-Mingo force had suffered approximately thirty dead, including the militant leader, Weyapiersenwah. [8] It was not possible to calculate the total number of of Shawnee-Mingo dead as they would toss the bodies of dead warriors in the rier to skew the casualty count. Notably among the survivors was the Kispoko [9] chief, Puckeshinwa. [10]

Lewis and his men followed, closing within eight miles of the town of Scioto. On Sippo Creek, the Lewis brothers set up Camp Charlotte where they negotiated the Treaty of Camp Charlotte in the name of Virginia Governor John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore. Hokoleskwa was forced to sign the treaty which ceded all Shawnee claims to lands south of the Ohio River (present day Vandalia [11])



Lord Dunmore



With the Battle of Point Pleasant and the signing of the Treaty of Camp Charlotte the Shawnees lost most of their will to fight Virginia. Many, if not most of their more militant leaders had been killed and after months of war they were weary and many sych as Puckeshinwa wanted to return home to see his young son, Tecumseh, and await the birth of his next child, Tenskwatawa.

For awhile the Shawnees would remain content until a chief Lenni Lenape approached them with an offer they couldn’t refuse....







[1] Iroquois Confederacy
[2] Delaware Tribe
[3] 1100 IOTL. While not an important or relevant butterfly it does reflect them
[4] Within the approximation of Chief Cornstalk’s strength in OTL.
[5] Point Pleasant, West Virginia IOTL. Spoiler Alert.
[6] Cornstalk
[7] IOTL seventy-five were killed and 150 were wounded. IOTL Charles Lewis was among the dead
[8] Blue Jacket. IOTL he survived the battle and was one of the more militant Shawnee leaders. He would later see the rise of Tecumseh and would die in 1810. With his death one of the more militant leaders of the Shawnee has been removed.
[9] A tribe in the Shawnee confederacy
[10] IOTL Puckeshinwa, father of Tecumseh, died during the Battle of Point Pleasant.
[11] OTL’s Kentucky
 
Elsewhere in the world in 1774. All events mentioned here happened after the March 5 POD.

Boston Port Act is Passed on April 1. [1]

On April 17, the first Unitarian congregation is founded by Theophilus Lindsey

On May 8 Louis XVI becomes King of France [2]

The Intolerable Acts are passed on June 1. [3]

The Russo-Turkish War ends on July 21 with the passage of the Treaty of Kuchuck-Kainarji

On August 4, Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen for the third time. He will publish this fact in early 1776 and will get the credit. [4]

On September 5 the First Continental Congress assembles. (More on this later)

On September 21 George Mason and George Washington found the Fairfax County Militia Association, a military unit of British Control






[1] March 31 OTL. Assume a slight delay is due to the death of the Earl of Dartmouth.
[2] May 10 OTL.
[3] June 2 IOTL. More on this and the Port Act later.
[4] He published the results IOTL in 1775
 
Elsewhere in the world in 1774. All events mentioned here happened after the March 5 POD.

Boston Port Act is Passed on April 1. [1]

On April 17, the first Unitarian congregation is founded by Theophilus Lindsey

On May 8 Louis XVI becomes King of France [2]

The Intolerable Acts are passed on June 1. [3]

The Russo-Turkish War ends on July 21 with the passage of the Treaty of Kuchuck-Kainarji

On August 4, Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen for the third time. He will publish this fact in early 1776 and will get the credit. [4]

On September 5 the First Continental Congress assembles. (More on this later)

On September 21 George Mason and George Washington found the Fairfax County Militia Association, a military unit of British Control






[1] March 31 OTL. Assume a slight delay is due to the death of the Earl of Dartmouth.
[2] May 10 OTL.
[3] June 2 IOTL. More on this and the Port Act later.
[4] He published the results IOTL in 1775
 
For our devoted viewers, the update on Ireland will be coming in the next couple of days.

Until then enjoy this:

King George I receiving court as he lays down the cornerstone for the new Parliament building in Washingtonia, the capitol city that bears his name.

 
For our devoted viewers, the update on Ireland will be coming in the next couple of days.

Until then enjoy this:

King George I receiving court as he lays down the cornerstone for the new Parliament building in Washingtonia, the capitol city that bears his name.

 
Will of the Diamond Emperor

Will of the Diamond Emperor[FONT=&quot]POD[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Temujin changes his mind and becomes an ordinary man, the unharmed Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty becomes prosperous and very populous because of the sustained period of peace and later the Song Dynasty becames more advanced because of the reforms and advancements and the new knowledge brought about by the era of peace and because of that a renaissance period starts in the Song Dynasty that spreads in the Eastern Asia later on.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]11200[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Temujin changes his mind and becomes an ordinary man, the unharmed Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty becomes prosperous and very populous because of the sustained period of peace and later the Song Dynasty becames more advanced because of the reforms and advancements and the new knowledge brought about by the era of peace and because of that a renaissance period starts in the Song Dynasty that spreads in the Eastern Asia later on. Jin Dynasty's territories become more populated that some of it's citizens created trading bases in Kamchatka, Hokkaido and Sakhalin, the Japanese settle Hokkaido and Aomori peninsula as well causing the start of the dillution of the Ainu and the Nivkhs and the Yupiks start to learn from the people of Jin..[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Emperor Modi of Xi-Xia implements the reforms of Song in Xi-Xia, Xixia progresses and implements the reform of the Jin in 11260 HE.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Emperor Gong sends expeditions to uncharted lands, lands yet to be contacted by Song in 11210 HE that it wants to trade with such as africa.The Khwarezmid Dynasty starts it's golden age in Persia and the Knowledge from the Ancient times flourish in the Khwarezmid Dynasty in 11260 HE the Sultanate of Khwarezm annexes the Ghurid Sultanate and inherits it's infrastructure by warring with it.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Kumans unite in 11210 and invade the Kara-Khitai then later invades the Russian principalities, Kuman, Uyghurs, Western Slavs, Hungary and Bulgaria and Baltic Prussia and the Uralic people by his military genious and he annexes them because of his being religious and wanting to create a theological empire, however his empire stops the flow of information from the East to the West, Serbia takes advantage of it and unites southern slavs. [/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Holy Roman Empire becomes stronger after it's loss of the Slavic lands in the East of the Holy Roman Empire.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Almohads are defeated on the Las Navas de Tolosa and Castille as in OTL and the Marinids replace them, Aragon and Portugal had claimed almost all of the former Emirate of Cordoba except the Sultanate of Granada.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Papal States annex the Kingdom of Sicily in 11242 HE to make them more stronger against the threat of the Holy Roman Empire and they ally with the French to annex it.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Serbians, the Croatians and Slovenes don't differentiate and instead merge into one.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Marinids conquer the Amazighs that are not their subjects in the south in 11240 HE which were former subjects of the Almohad Empire.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Scandanavian countries enjoyed an era of peace in the 11200's and they remained close together.[/FONT]


[FONT=&quot]The Holy Roman Empire and the Angevin France become allies against the Capetian France, Henry III of Angevin France and Frederick II are good friends as well making them strong and France cannot touch them and France weakens, which makes Louis IX or Saint Louis dissapointed and because of this weakness the County of Tolosa secedes from Capetian France completely becomes independent and becomes the center of the Occitan culture and the Cathar religion starts to recover from the Albigensian crusade in 11260 HE and later his son, Henry IV would inherit the throne in 11280 then he annexes Tolosa to his realm, he also annexes the county of Barcelona.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Provence remains under HRE suzerainty and remains as the center of Occitano-Catalan culture and has a strong identity under the House of Barcelona because Ramon Berenguer IV has a male issue.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Maritime Republics of Italy are blocked by the Cuman Empire from ever having access to trade to Chogentia and Chocolatia.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Angevin France also wanted to secure the coast of the atlantic and for that reason, Henry III attacks Navarre in 11265 and annexes it with all his resources he can get and starts a bloody war that also involved Castille and because of that the Atlantic coasts is dominated by the Plantagenets and no one can contest to it.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The expeditions sent by Emperor Gong reports to him about the New World in 11255 HE, Africa and India.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Meanwhile in india, Shahabuddin Muhammad Ghori does not get assasinated in 11206 he the Ghurid sultanate becomes more advanced because of the idea of centralization from song and the advanced weapons and technology from the song which were helpful in their administration and Ghurid sultanate.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Song taps the trade of diamonds from india, africa and china making emperor gong known as the diamond emperor in the 11280's.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Kievian Rus, Poland and Moscovy strengthen ties via trade and commerce and become much closer but Russia remains fragmented and does not unite.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Abassids continue their Golden Age and the knowledge in Baghdad was preserved so the Abassids become known for the knowledge they preserved from the era of antiquity, but their power in the western asia is weakening and later the Abassids annex the Anatolian states and attack the Byzantine Empire.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Sultanate of Pasai emerges in Sumatra and jump starts the Islamization of South East Asia which is the start of Malay language as alanguage of prestige in South East Asia, the Sultanate of Pasai has ties with Mayi and the Religion of Islam in the Sri-Vijaya becomes prevalent.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Sri Vijaya starts to transform into a caliphate and Islam is now considered the Majority religion of the Malaya-Sumatra area and the Head of State of the Sri Vijaya becomes a caliph of the new Sri Vijayan caliphate in 11250 HE.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]In the Middle Continent or East Asia the pockets of Nestorians and Manicheans survive and thrive in the remote mountain areas of the Middle Continent's countries, in the Mahabe Pagotan of Mayi and the Western Mountains of Song, which were remote and allows these religions to thrive even if they are persecuted against by their host country.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Kampuchea and Dai Viet were left undisturbed and peaceful but they still have another rival, Champa, Vietnam is also affected by the reforms of the Diamond Emperor of Song,but Emperor Thien Tong will never be known for his greatness in battle but he will be known in his reforms in the administration such as centralization which he copied from China, Zhou Daguan of Kampuchea decides to annex the rebel Thai states and annex Champa he initiated a bloody war against the rebel Thai states and Champa which led to their annexation which causes the Hariphunchai, Dai Viet and Pagan to embargo the Kampuchea but later on the Kampuchea's relationship with Hariphunchai, Dai Viet and Pagan become better again, Khmers celebrated the annexation of the Thai rebel states and Champa by holding a feast in the palace which all happened in ten years time in the 11250's.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Zhou Daguan built pagodas in the honor of his battles in Angkor which has many gardens surrounding them this is the cause of Zhou Daguan's popularity and his glory in battle is remembered by the people Zhou Daguan sent emissaries to Song and Jin in order to strengthen relationship in 11266 HE.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]In Dali and Tibet the renassiance is felt and becomes a very populous and cities and towns pop up from no where and Dali become the trading hub of India, Tibet, Song and Kampuchea.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Settlers from Jin increase in Kamchatka and many more arrived in Jin, Jin has a good relationship with Koryo because of it's Koryoan population the Koryo also sends emmisaries to Jin and Song which will make the relationship between Korea to the two empires much better.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Mayans recover in Yucatan, which is the center of their civilization, the Mayans make progresses in their Administration and decide to trade with other civilizations in the Americas and they invent new techniques in smelting Bronze and Copper which made them more powerful, The Mayans invade the Nahuatl polities to the north.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Chimu strengthens the trading networks in the Andes and the Amazon Forest, the Quechuas and Aymaras like to trade more with the Chimu and the Chimu starts to trade with the Brazilian tribes in 11260 HE.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Yupiks learn Iron Smelting from the people of Jin. Koryo sends settlers to Kamchatka which would later interact with the Yupik of Kamchatka and the Koryoians of Bei-Zhongguo rebel and the Koryo- Jin border moves north. Jin becomes affected by the progression of Song and Bei Zhongguo signs a non agression pact with Song which will keep china divided into three, Jin decides to send more settlers and buddhist monks to Kamchatka and Sakhalin and because of this an Yupik state called Yupik forms in the Bering Straits and Western Alaska and a Serinik state forms called as Serinik as well and they trade with the Tlingits spreading he knowledge of Iron Smelting the Buddhism starts to take hold in Yupik. Yupik expands swallowing the Tlingits who majority died from Small Pox and Black Death, the Yupik King Kaliit builds pagodas and monasteries in Eastern Siberia and Western Alaska, The Navahos and Missisipians get the knowledge of Iron Smelting from the Yupiks, The Yupiks trade with the Mayans and cultivate tomatoes and cacao and trade them to Jin and Yamato as well and because of that America becomes called Qiaokelizhou.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Yupiks expand to the more fertile areas to the south of the Tlingits in order to farm and produce more Tomatoes and Cacao.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Inuits of Greenland and Canada form a confederation which coexists with the Norwegian settlements in Greenland.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Norwegian settlements start to be absorbed by the Inuits and the contact with the Norwegians is lost. [/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]the Bisaya and Bajau pirates terrorize the coastal cities near their area and sack cities and capture slaves, slaves that are sold in the slave marketplace, the Bisaya states are Butuan, Sugbu, Sulu and Madya-As.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Pirates from Yamato, the Wokou and the Pirates of Visayas-Sulu region become the common headache of Song and it's neighboring countries they basically are the terrorists of the South China Sea.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Jin's emperor Modi becomes very popular on his subjects especially the common people who love him very much because of his love for the common people that the people made him a Pagoda for people to remember his reign and the population of Jin increases, meanwhile the trade with the new world starts in the mid 11200's.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The royal family of Mayi decided to move the capital to Lingayen thus becoming known as Lingayen from Tondo in one of the trading cities in 11250, moving of the capital of Mayi from Tondo to Lingayen caused some unstabilty and some noblemen in Mayi rebelled but later on Emperor Kidlat was able to handle it and Emperor Kidlat builds Pagodas in Lagawe, his daughter Banwa marries into a low aristocratic lineage and ascends as Lakan in 11260 HE.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Mayin and Yamatoian fishermen go to Tapanga but get intimidated at what they saw they saw savage tribes there which are hostile to other peoples visiting their island and the Pisheya had and Wokou pirates establish bases in Tapanga which the surrounding polities try to stop.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The traders from Song establish trading bases in Nifon, Mayi and Koryo, Selurong of Mayi, Busan of Koryo and Nagasaki of Nifon which later would be turned into Chinatowns, Empress Banwa strengthens the role of Aparri and Lihan as trading ports and Emperor Natsufito of Nifon establishes Edo and Osaka as trading ports, Empress Banwa builds a big pagoda in Lingayen in the 11260's. Dai Viet's Emperess Nhi, named after one of the Trung sisters becomes very popular on her subjects especially the common people who love her very much that they built a monument in honor of her in 11270 HE.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Both the Song and Jin have their own spheres of influence in Asia, the Song controls the southern trade while the Jin controls the northern trade because of their trading bases in different countries, The countries of East Asia develop their national religions.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The East Asian countries become tolerant to the Nestorian Christians and the Manicheans causing them to thrive in them and because of that they don't need to hide anymore and be ashamed of their faith, while in Song an unknown person invents electricity accidentally by putting a metal object in a kite which was later strick by lightning.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Xi-Xia and the Jin dynasty start a war in the Northern Chogentia because of Land and Trade disputes regarding Chocolatia.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Jin and Xi-Xia starts a bloody war with many casualties until the Jin annexes Xi-Xia completely.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Korea starts to become an economic powerhouse in asia in 11299.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]By the year 11299, Occitan has been established as a linguafranca in Europe while Wu is a linguafranca in Chogentia.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]11300[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]In 11300 HE, the Mayan Empire expands to California, establishing cities that would foster trade and they influence the Pacific North West tribes and the tribes south of the Inuits and they are used as buffer states between the Yupiks and the Mayan Empire.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]In 11300 HE, because of the Mayan Influence, the Navaho starts to establish cities and adopt Mayan writing.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]In 11300 HE, the Sri Vijayan Caliphate annexes Sarawak and Sabah making it stronger.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Dali becomes a center of Buddhism in the early 11300's because of it's central location between Song and Pagan.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]In 11305 HE, The Sri Vijayan Caliphate attacks the Maranon Island but they drove out the forces of the Sri Vijayan Caliphate and because of what happened the Lanao , Maranon forms as a polity (Except for Butuan and Surigao whose inhabitants are Bisaya known as Pisheya to the chinese who are known for being pirates and their love for gold) and the Sri Vijayan Caliphate invade the Pisheya states and the three southernmost provinces of Mayi which are Kumintang, Kalamian(OTL Mindoro and the Kalamian Islands) and Bikol which causes a later bloody war and the troops of Mayi which are led by Emperor Umah which goes to Kumintang via the Lake Pulilan defeats, retake the three southernmost provinces and drive out the forces of the Sri Vijayan caliphate from the Island of Mayi.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Hanzi becomes the international writing language in Zhongjianzhou/Chogentia but the respective countries have characters unique to their own country.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Kumintang province (which includes OTL Cavite,Laguna and southern part of Metro Mayi) has been devastated by the war and later on people from Mayi, Lihan and Macabebe area migrate to the Kumintang province and the port of Balayan in Kumintang is repaired by King Umah on 11310 HE and later in 11315 the Mount Pinatubo explodes causing many people from the Pinatubo area to flee to the Kumintang province this causes a linguistic change in the Kumintang province.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Bannag River Valley and Pampanga River basin in Mayi become more fertile and the farms in these areas become very rich that they become very rich in Rice and other agricultural products and the Island of Coregidor becomes a guarding port of Mayi.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]In 11320 HE, King Henry IV of Angevin France only has daughters with his wife the name of the principal heir of Angevin France is Evangeline Plantagenet who was born on 11315 HE. [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]In 11330 HE, Evangeline Plantagenet was married to Peter I, Duke of Bourbon and this union becomes the start of a Bourbon Angevin France, Evangeline becomes the regnal queen while Peter becomes a King consort, the ties of the Capetian French crown is broken to the Bourbonais because of this.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]In 11310 HE, a United Church of the Nestorians is created in China which unites the previously disunited Nestorians who were once isolated in the mountains the same thing happens to the Manicheans which also unite in 11312 HE these two organizations are organized like the Catholic Church.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Electricity becomes more known as appliances are invented and the way to get electricity from water has been invented and because of that Song becomes the first country to have electricity.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]A Tibetan Monk unites tibet under a theocracy in 11315, where in the official religion is the Bon religion and Lamaism(Buddhism).[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Pagan becomes very militarially powerful that it annexed Shan, Nagaland, Bengal, Arakan and Kamarupa making it very powerful and very rich that even it's big neighbor the Kampuchea is very afraid of them after it happened, under King Rama, Pagan now shares a border with the Khwarzemids and because of that Haranpuchai becomes a buffer state between Pagan and Kampuchea but Pagan and the same thing happens to Nepal which becomes.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Mount Fuji erupts in 11310 HE causing some of the people of the Kanto plains to seek refuge and sail to the Zhong Ocean to Polynesian and Micronesian islands.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Dai Viet King Quan decided to attack the Kampuchea and seize the Hue area from the Khmers in 11310 and he succeeds in doing so and the Kampuchea and the Dai Viet decided to make a truce with Kampuchea, King Quan celebrates the victory.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]King Gong Bak of Koryo marries an Eskimo Princess named Ai in 11320 HE and Emperor Jing of Jin takes a noble woman from Eastern Africa as a wife in 11320 HE these events become very much celebrated later on, the people were annoyed at first but they decided to like their relationship and accept the Eskimo princess as their new Queen and wife of their king.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Black Queen of Jin is remembered as a overseas queen and she had many children with the king.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Black Death and small pox enters the New World in the year 11310 HE but they crept slowly making the people of the New World immune and the contact has been reestablished to the New World the black death.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Anasazi and Missisipians recover from the fall of their civilization but now they have a natural immunity against smallpox and measels.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]In 11325 HE, the Byzantine Empire collapses and the Abassid Caliphate engulphs the Byzantine Empire completely and the new center of the Greek Orthodox is Hungary-Bulgaria and Serbia.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Kuman Empire is dissolved completely because of instability in 11330 HE leaving a Uygur state called the Uyghur Khanate, the Kara-Khitai,Cuman Khanate, Slavic state called Rus (which is comprised of OTL Russia, Poland and Ukraine), Hungaro-Bulgarian Empire.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The electric blower, an electric device that cools a room is invented in Jin in 11340 HE and the electric lantern is invented in Song in 11340 HE.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Abassid Caliphate expands back to Palestine eating the Crusader states.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The trade network in the Indian Ocean improves because of the new technology that was imported in the East was spreading via the Sea to Africa and Madagascar this improves their own culture and their own communities, the people from Song trade more with africa but still the advancements of the east does not reach Europe.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Zhong Ocean trade network extends to Chimu, Aymara and Quechua in 11340 HE, Potatoes are traded to Zhongjianzhou from Qiaokelizhou which increases the population of Zhongjianzhou and they discover that the electric eel can make energy so in Zhongjianzhou, the electric eels are imported to provide the lights.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Brazilian Civilizations advance and increase their population now that they are immuned of Small Pox and Measels.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]Dante Alighieri writes the Divina Comedia in Provencal variant of Occitan as which sells and proliferates Occitan whithin the Holy Roman Empire.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Angevin France seizes Scotland and the remaining Irish states and calls Ireland as Hibernie and Scotland as Scocie in 11350 HE.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]In Europe there are rumors of advanced lands in the far east called Chogentia or Chogence and Chocolatia but Europe is blocked by hostile regimes in between Chogentia and them like Rus and the Abassids and they have nothing to go in order to trade with those lands and also the Silk Road is blocked.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]HongKong becomes predominantly Manichean and Nestorian causing it to secede from Song in 11350 HE, Hong Kong establishes a prescence in Chocolatia by building a trading port by settling the OTL Alcatraz in 11380, which they turned into a trading colony, The Manichean pope establishes his own seat in Hong Kong and also th Nestorian pope establish a seat in Hong Kong.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Influence of the Far East in Chocolatia penetrates to Eastern North America and the Inuits while the Norwegians decline in the Atlantic completely because of the little ice age.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Inuits of Western Canada and Greenland form the polity called Innu which later increases in population as time goes by.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Amazon Rain Forest make way for cities of a new civilization of the Guranis.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Islam becomes an important religion in Zhongjianzhou and even influential on the National religion of their host countries.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]In Tapanga trading cities are built by people from Mayi and Yamato in order to Facilitate trade to and from Chocolatia because the goods from Chocolatia are very priced possesion inspite of the hostile Tapangans that always raid the settlements.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Sri Vijayan caliphate gains a larger population which causes people to want to migrate south to Australia in 11365 HE, the Sri Vijayans create cities in Australia.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Islam penetrates more in Pagan because of it's border with the Khwarzemids and Southern India becomes united under Chola.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Abassids annex the Ayubbid Sultanate completely.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Ethiopia annexes the Somali and Nubian states near Ethiopia because of Religious conflict making Ethiopia more powerrful under King Saul of Ethiopia and Ethiopia becomes a trading partner of Mali.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Flanders becomes annexed to Angevin France completely while Blois becomes annexed to the Angevin France in 11365 HE this cuts Capetian France from the Sea completely.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Aymaras unite under one polity and the Quechua unite in one polity in 11365 HE the Quechua and Aymara adopt the Mayan script and many more influences from the Mayans.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Selurong becomes a rich trading hub with majority chinese settlers in Mayi.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Chogentian Nestorian settlers and Chogentian Manichean settlers start to enter in Chocolatia/Qiaokelizhou in droves in 11360 HE taking advantage of the strife between the Mayan Empire and the Yupik Empire and establish settlements starting to make the West coast a Asian Manichean colony.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot] [/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]The Direct Capetians in Capetian France became extinct as OTL thus the Angevin France takes over and becomes a Bourbon France in 11370 HE.[/FONT]
[FONT=&quot]England and France completely unite under the Bourbons in the reign Jean I Bourbon. [/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Hong Kong starts to sponsor settlers to the west coast of Chocolatia in the North Eastern coast of OTL United States in 11380.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]Hanzi starts to be diffused to the Mayans in 11380 which will start of the process of the change of their script and being able to communicate in writing with the Mayans.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Chogentian Manichean and Chogentian Nestorian settlers start to mingle with the peoples of Chocolatia such as the Mayans and mixing with them and some of the people in the North West Coast of modern day United States become assimilated to the Chogentian settlers.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]The Mayans send an emissary to the Jin which made the Emperor of Jin very happy.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot]A communication device is starting to be developed in Jin Empire in 11390, a communication device that is similar to the telegraph.[/FONT]

[FONT=&quot][/FONT]
----------------------------------------
Any discussion about this should be done here.
https://www.alternatehistory.com/discussion/showthread.php?t=174157
 
The Navatlacas: Heirs to Hernan and Montezuma

The Navatlacas: Heirs to Hernan and Montezuma


The Glass Pyramid of Tenoxtitlana, constructed in 1985 by Francis Casey.

Navatlaca, officially known in government records as the Navatlaca Empire (Spanish: Imperio Navatlacano) (Navatlaca: Empirio Navatlaca) (Latin: Imperium Navatlacanorum) is a constitutional monarchy situated in North America. It is bordered on all sides by multiple countries. Covering almost 2.8 million square kilometers, it is the second largest country in North America and the eleventh largest country in the entire planet. With an estimated population of 108 million people and growing, it is the seventh most populous country and the most populous Navatlacaphone country on Earth. It is a country that comprises thirty eight provinces and one Imperial District consisting of the capital city of Tenoxtitlana.

In Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, many indigenous cultures matured into advanced civilizations such as the Olmecas, the Toltecas, the Teotihuacanas, the Tzapotēcas, the Mayas and the Aztecas prior to their first contact with Europeans. In 1520, a combined army of Spanish soldiers and native allies under the leadership of Hernan Cortes conquered and subdued the Aztecas. In 1521, large disputes between Cortes and the court of the Spanish King Charles I led to an immediate declaration of independence from Spain which transformed to a bloody war that lasted several years and propagated two more wars that occurred after it.

The beginning years of the post-independence period was characterized by economic instability, tumultuous territorial gains, losses and secessions, and multiple civil wars including multiple foreign interventions and conquests by its neighbors. The latter two led to the Navatlaca Revolution and the Second War of Independence in the 1810s and 1820s which culminated in the establishment of the current political system as a constitutional monarchy under the House of Oaxaca. Parliamentary elections were recently held in 2009 that led to clear majorities being won in both houses by a coalition between the National Alliance and the Conservative Party.

As a economic and military regional powerhouse since its very beginnings, it has joined the official list of potential superpowers for the next century. It is the first member and founder of the Union of Mesoamerican States (UMS), a powerful economic and political organization. Navatlaca has been firmly established as a upper high-income country and is considered industrialized by international standards. It currently has the tenth largest nominal GDP and the eleventh largest by purchasing power parity. The Navatlaca economy is strongly linked to the partners of the UMS especially the Kingdom of Tlaxcala. It is the world's eighth most visited destination with over 25.1 million internationals coming in as tourists every year. It boasts a long and strong tradition in art, architecture, cuisine and the preservation of their culture. It ranks third in the world and the first in the Americas on the list of LoN International Heritage Sites with 41.

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The Navatlacas: Heirs to Hernan and Montezuma

A Brief Synopsis of the Navatlaca People's Formation


The banner of the Navatlaca ethnic group.

The Navatlaca people have varied origins and an identity that has shifted and involved with the successions of foreign conquests of the Mesoamerican empire by the Spaniards and the various Amerindian groups that followed in the centuries afterward. The area that compromises the modern day Navatlaca empire and by extension Mesoamerica has cradled many precursor civilizations going as far back as the Olmeca civilization which the Teotihuacanas, the Toltecas who flourished somewhere around the tenth and twelve centuries C.E and ending with the last great pre-Columbian civilization prior to the Spanish conquest, the Aztecas who dominated the region from 1325 to 1520.

The Nahuatl language was the language most spoken in the region of modern Central Navatlaca during the rule of the Aztecas but after the arrival of Europeans, Nahuatl was briefly displaced by Spanish by Hernan Cortes and the new Hispanic administrative elite ruling the empire for two generations before sharing an equal role with Nahuatl again for a couple more decades. It was later displaced by the languages of other conquerors and their armies from the Maya languages to the obscure Āotomi language. Even the extinct Latin language was adopted at one point as the official language of the government from the late seventeenth to the mid eighteenth century CE. All these languages had left a profound mark in Navatlaca, the modern stage of the Nahuatl language.

After the conquest of the Aztecas, a large portion of Mesoamerica for a brief period of several months remained under the de jure control of the Kingdom of Spain before it broke off under Cortes and his allies. For the first century and a half, the Hispanic elite re-administered and expanded the empire's already vast domains, adding more territory and peoples to the Navatlaca cultural sphere of influence

Cultural diffusion and intermixing in the populations was very limited though it was encouraged and propagated among members of the Navatlaca elite. The lack of women from Europe encouraged the Spaniards to either marry or have sexual liaisons with Amerindian women. The lower nobility encouraged their daughters to marry off with Spanish men and with the later generations prior to the Qumānche conquest, they married with mesticoti and casticoti [1] women to advance their own status in the racial caste system briefly introduced by the Spaniards.

Intermarriage would occur in later centuries beginning with the first incoming flux of immigrants in the 1700s. The immigrants quickly assimilated to the majority Amerindian population within the first and if not second generation but not without leaving a mark that would help in the creation of the modern Navatlaca ethnic and greater imperial Navatlaca national identity which is a mixture of New World and Old World cultures that evolved into one national culture throughout the centuries. This new identity was deemed Navatlaca shortly after the House of Yaxun B’alam was overthrown in the Revolution and was invigorated and developed after the War of Independence which established the Empire as an indivisible pluricultural nation founded on both indigenous and foreign roots.

[1] Both mesticoti and casticoti are the Navatlaca forms of Spanish meztizo and caztizo which as you know were classifications in the racial caste system.

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The Navatlacas: Heirs to Hernan and Montezuma

Hernan Cortes: Early Life

A contemporary painting of
Hernán Cortés, unknown date.

Hernán Cortés de Monroy y Pizarro, first Tlàtoānitzin of the Navatlaca Empire (1485 - April 16, 1548) was a Spanish conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Azteca empire and brought large portions what is now Mesoamerica under the rule of Spanish king Charles V in the early 1500s for a brief moment of a couple months before disputes between the two led to Cortés' declaration of independence from Spain. Regardless, he was part of a generation of Spanish colonizers that began the main phase of the Spanish colonization of the Americas.

Hernán Cortés was born in the year 1485 in the small town of Medellín in modern day Lleón province, Iberia. His father, Martín Cortés de Monroy, was an infantry captain of distinguished lineage but slender means. Hernán's mother was Catalina Pizarro Altamirano. Through his mother Catalina, he was the second cousin once removed of Francisco Pizarro, who would attempted and failed in the conquest of the Inka empire of modern day Chichansuyu and Collasuyu (not to be confused with another Francisco Pizarro who would aid Hernan in conquering the Aztecas and aid Hernán's son Martín in the beginning of his reign).

Through his father, Hernán was a twice distant relative to the third governor of Hispaniola, Nicolas de Ovando y Caceres. His paternal grandfather was a son of Rodrigo de Monroy y Almaraz, fifth lord of Monroy and wife Mencia de Orellana y Carvajal.

Hernan Cortés is described as a pale, sickly child by the accounts written by his biographer, chaplain and close companion Manuel Alva de Ixtlilxochitl. At the age of fourteen Cortés was sent to study at the University of Salamanca in west-central Iberia. This was a great center of learning at the time and while accounts different as to the specific nature of his studies, later writings and actions suggest Hernan studied law and Latin.

After two years, Cortés, tired of schooling, returned home to Medellín, much to the irritation of his parents, who had hoped to see him equipped for a profitable career in law. However in those two years at Salamanca, plus his long period of training and experience as a notary in Seville and later in Hispaniola would make him a close acquaintance with the Castillian legal codes that would help him justify his unauthorized conquest of the Azteca empire.

At this point in his life, Cortés was described by Ayala as restless, haughty and mischievous. This was probably a fair description of a sixteen year old boy who had returned home only to find himself frustrated by life in his small town. By this time, news of the exciting discoveries of Colon in the New World was streaming back to Spain.

Flash forwards to 1518, the true story of a man who begot a nation begins.

-----

The Navatlacas: Heirs to Hernan and Montezuma

Preparations for Invasion and Conquest

Hernán Cortés was by no means the first Spaniard or European for that matter to have visited the mainland coasts of Mesoamerica. He was but one of a series of men commissioned by the Crown of Spain to explore the mainland and establish diplomatic relations and more importantly trading links with the native Māyā peoples who lived there. The year prior to Hernán's famous expedition, Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, then governor to Cuba, commissioned a fleet of three ships under the command of Hernández de Cordoba to sail west and explore the Yokatlān peninsula. He did reach the Yokatlān coastline.

The Māyāns at Cape Catoche invited the Spaniards upon which Córdoba had his men read the Requirement of 1513 to the natives. Córdoba took two prisoners whom he named Melchor and Julian to be his interpreters. On the western side of the
Yokatlān Peninsula [1], the Spaniards were ambushed at night by the Maya chief Mochh Couoh. Twenty of Córdoba's men were killed and Córdoba himself was mortally wounded. In the end, only a small remnant returned to Cuba alive.

A year after the ill-fated Córdoba expedition though a bit prior to the expedition of Hernán Cortés, Governor Velázquez commissioned another expedition this time under the leadership of his own nephew Juan de Grijalava. Grijalva's expedition of four ships sailed south along the coast of Yokatlānto the Chontalpan region [2], a part of the Azteca empire.

Even before Grijalva would return to Cuba, Velázquez decided to send a third and even larger expedition to explore the Mesoamerican coast.
Hernán Cortés, then one of Velázquez's favorites, was named as the commander of the expedition, which created envy and resentment among the Spaniards in the island of Cuba. The governor's instructions to Cortés, in a contract signed on the 23rd of October, 1518 were to lead an expedition to explore the Mesoamerican coast and to initiate diplomatic and economic links with the indigenous coastal tribes.

One account suggests that Governor Velázquez wished to restrict the Cortés expedition to be only a trading one. A hypothetical invasion and conquest of the mainland,
Velázquez felt was a privilege reserved for himself. However by calling upon his knowledge of Castilian law that he gained as a student in Salamanca and the utilization of his ability to persuade others, Hernan Cortés convinced Velázquez into inserting a clause that enabled him to take emergency measures without prior authorizations if such were ".....in the true interests of the Crown."

Perceiving this to be the opportunity of a lifetime, Cortés embarked on this enterprise zealously and energetically. He began assembling a fleet of fifteen ships and a large substantial army of well-armed men and horses. Cortés ostentatiously invested most of his personal fortune into providing the equipment for the expedition and quickly went into debt borrowing additional funds when his own financial assets ran out. Governor Velázquez personally contributed nearly half the cost of the expedition. The very scale of the endeavor added to the envy and resentment of his contemporaries who were also keenly aware of the opportunity that the assignment offered for fame, fortune and glory.

Revoking the commission Velázquez himself must have been keenly aware that whoever conquered the mainland for the Crown would gain fame, glory and fortune to eclipse anything that he could achieve cooped up in Cuba. Thus, as the preparations for departure drew to a close, Velázquez had suspicions that Cortés would be disloyal to him and try to commandeer the expedition for his own purposes, though even then he thought his intent was only to establish himself as governor of the new colony, independent of the governor's jurisdiction. For this reason, Velázquez sent Luis de Medina with orders to replace Cortés. However, Cortés' brother-in-law had Medina intercepted and killed. The papers that Medina had been carrying were sent to Cortés. Thus warned, Cortés accelerated the organization and preparation of his expedition.

He was ready to set sail on the morning of the 18th of February 1519 when Velázquez arrived at the dock in person, determined to revoke Cortés's commission. But Cortés, pleading that "time presses," hurriedly set sail thus literally beginning his conquest of Mesoamerica and nations with the legal status of a mutineer. His contingent consisted of [3] 17 vessels carrying 150 sailors,795 soldiers (including 45 crossbowmen and 18 arquebusiers), 2 doctors, several carpenters, at least thirteen women and a couple hundred native Taino and Ciboney Indians and a couple of Africans, both freedmen and slaves.

[1] Yokatlān Peninsula - OTL Yucatan Peninsula; the place-name was borrowed from the Nahuatl word which meant "place of richness."

[2]
Chontalpan region - OTL Tabasco state in southern Mexico. In this time-line, the old name is retained.

[3] The actual POD begins with
Cortés having a bit more luck with finding more ships, soldiers and weapons for the expedition. The extra numbers are going to be very important later on.

-----
The Navatlacas: Heirs to Hernan and Montezuma


Landing on Kùutsmil

Ruins of an ancient Māyā ball-court in Kùutsmil, photographed in June 2009 by John Frederick Parker of International Geographic.
The first destination that Cortés decided upon was Kùutsmil Island[1]. The island was populated by the Māyā who are believed to have settled Kùutsmil during the early part of the first millennium CE and older Pre-Classic Olmeca artifacts have also been discovered on the island. The island was sacred to the Māyā moon goddess Ixchel and the locals built temples devoted to her; places that were destinations of pilgrimages especially by women who desired fertility. He was not the first European to visit, being beaten by his contemporary Juan de Grijalva a couple months ago in the previous year. His intention, unlike Grijalava's, was different.

Hernán Cortés spent several months on Kùutsmil, tearing down the local pagan shrines devoted to the goddess Ixchel and attempting to convert the native Māyā population to Christianity. The attempt was somewhat successful; only a significant minority converted to Catholicism and this was mostly done by force while the majority continued to worship Ixchel deeper inland. While at Kùutsmil, Cortés heard reports of other white men living in the Yokatlān. Cortés sent messengers to these reported Castillians who turned out to be the sole survivors of a Spanish shipwreck that had occurred in 1511, Geronimo de Aguilar and Gonzalo Guerro.

Aguilar petitioned his Māyā warlord to be allowed to leave and join with his former countrymen, and he was released and made his way to Cortés's ships. According to the accounts written by Bartholomeo Dias of Puerto Rico, Aguilar relayed that before coming he had unsuccessfully attempted to convince Guerrero to leave as well. Guerrero declined on the basis that he was by now well-assimilated with the Maya culture, had a Māyā wife and three mescoti children, and he was looked upon as a figure of rank within the Māyā settlement of Chactemàal where he lived.

Although Guerrero's later fate can not be made certain due to the lack of information past that encounter, it appeared that he eventually rose up in the ranks and eventually overthrow the warlord, becoming the new ruler of the local Māyā kingdom he presided over. He would spend the rest of his life trying to unify the various Māyā city-states and kingdoms to repel multiple incursions by the Spaniards, French, English and of course the "Cortesians." He was probably killed during the Great Siege of Chi'ch'èen Ìitsha [2] in 1534 though his descendants via his mescoti children; one of those descendants, Nakan Khaan, would unify the Māyā and then conquer the Mesoamerican kingdoms and empires to its north.

Aguilar, now quite fluent in Yokatlec Māyā as well as other indigenous languages, proved to be a valuable asset for Cortés as a translator - a skill of particular significance to the later conquest of the Azteca Empire that was be the end result of the conquistador turned king's expedition.

[1] Kùutsmil - Cozumel Island in OTL.

[2] Chi'ch'èen Ìitsha - Chichen Itza in OTL.

-----

 
The Grand Eagle of Europe

The Grand Eagle of Europe

The Survival and Flourish of Western Rome

Please discuss this timeline in this thread:
https://www.alternatehistory.com/discussion/showthread.php?t=182988
Introduction: April 396 A.D.

Shortly before the invasions of the Western Roman Empire, the new emperors of Rome, Flavius Arcadius and Flavius Honorius, were about to acquire the thrones as infants with co-rule by their father Theodosius I. The scholars in the capital of Mediolanum were distraught over the continuing rule of the Theodosius I. He was well-known throughout the land as one of the worst emperors Rome, as well as Europe, have ever seen. The taxes were raised daily on the poor, the economy was suffering, and the population could not match the necessary number of armies. The high classes and the nobility felt none of this, living in such luxurious conditions, but even the little educated knew something needed to change.

Scholars in the capital advised against the crowning of these two, knowing their guidance would be futile in the long run. They knew the empire was torn in two, but seeing two different leaders of the empire crowned only increased the tensions. Some argued for the need of a single, strong leader who would protect the country from the suspicious Visigoths in the West and any future wars. If a single foreign force attacked the empire, all was lost.

It was clear that any weak leaders in a fast declining empire would lead to the crumbling of the 500 year empire. All seemed hopeless until the mysterious, untimely deaths of the children emperors.


Part I: Transition to Power and Stabilization

Varengellius
The Conspirator
380 A.D. to 396 A.D.

The Florentia Scholasticus Congregatio: a high scholar society in Florentia founded by a rejected adviser to Octavius during the spring of his second year as emperor. This adviser fled to Florentia, the then-soldier housing complex, and began planning the future of the Roman Empire. He was a wanted man for providing false information regarding the death of Julius Caeser years earlier. He created this "society" as a parallel to the noble authorities in Rome in a rebellious fashion. He hoped for a bright future for the Empire and for the capital. To fulfill this want, he sent out invitations to the greatest scholars of Rome. The exact motive of this man was a mystery, but it would prove to be the empire's shadowed turning point.

Descendants of this man lived in Florentia for hundreds of years, carefully watching as the empire steadily moved towards destruction. They watched the horrors of the Nero and Domitian administrations transition to the prosperous Aurelias ones. But it was not until Diocletian did the congregation contribute any actual changes to Rome. The congregation constructed of a council system based off the old Roman Republic which managed internal affairs, but was widely ignored into the 4th century.

The elected leader of the council on the heated morning of August 23rd, 380 A.D. was clear to be Appius Varengellius. He was a stubborn man who had some clear mental disturbance within him, reminiscent of Caligula. The second in command, Titus Sergius, was in a constant nervous state whilst confronting Varengellius for any minuscule purpose. Varengellius was an imposing man who legends say made "Lions Tremble at his Feet." The council leader held immense power over the other members of the council, but he could not force them to vote for resolutions. Varengellius was a conspirator, waking up every morning to write in his tiny, brown diary plausible battle plans and drafts of maps. He despised the current emperors Theodosius I and Valentinian II, and constantly drafted assassination plans to dispose of the leaders. The plans were well-made and well thought out (For someone with mental disorders, that is). However, each plan had a major flaw that prevented any successful assassinations: no one could breach the emperor's chambers. He waited and waited for an idea to come to resolute this conundrum, and after half a decade, after a long stare into his washroom's mirror, he announced the answer.

-October 3rd, 391 A.D.

Walking up the gold-plated stairs to address the council, Varengellius announced in his booming voice, "Attention fellow council members! The solution to Rome's depreciation has been unveiled to me. I will need the help of Titus for this important task. The sleeping lion will awaken soon!"

He stepped down to thunderous applause.

The last line in his to-be-famous statement sparked hope throughout Florentia. For the first time in years, hope was more prevalent than despair.




Varengellius walked with Titus in the long hallways to his inner chambers, discussing future plans. His words echoed throughout the halls as he began to explain to Titus that while looking in his mirror that morning, he realized the similarity between himself and emperor Valentinian II. Titus shook with fear, hardly remembering any words coming from the tall man. Varengellius ignored Titus' usual nervousness and continued to explain his plan.

"...so do you understand, young Titus? Theodosius and his children are planning on attending a dinner event in Rome on May 15th. I plan to dress as Valentinian to make a surprise appearance while you and Lucius kill the real emperor in his home in Vienne, Gaul."

Titus answered, "Oh...okay sir. Um..."

"The security in the Western Empire is much lesser than that of the East. It'd odd, you'd think because of the West's power, it would have tighter security, but nobody knows how to operate this place anymore. But that's about to change. Hahaha!"

"Very good, s-s-sir."

"Indeed. Remember to make it look like a suicide. Leave no traces or chaos would ensue. Anyway, being dressed as Valentinian, I will enter the party, convince Theodosius to write the letter allowing my son to become heir, and finally poison him and his children."

"Alright, then," replied Titus, writing down every detail of the plan. "But, why not make yourself emperor? Constanus is just a child, he won't last a day as emperor!"

"I do not plan on returning here, Titus. I plan on being killed shortly after poisoning the emperor. There is no way for this to be done discreetly. And that's why he's named Tiberius Constanus and not Varengellius. When my true identity is discovered, my name must disappear from this earth. Constanus will ring out to Europe as the new Roman Emperor if all works out."

Titus just gazed at Varengellius, no longer able to hide his thoughts, he spoke. "You're nuts, old man! Constanus is merely a boy of 10 years! This will never w-"

Interrupting, "You dare to insult me?!", while pushing Titus to the floor. "I am your emperor and I will have you executed if it is necessary. The plan will work. You need to believe me this once!"

Titus stood up slowly and begrudgingly followed Titus.
"I trust your judgment."

-May 15th, 392 A.D.


Months followed.
The plan did not go over exactly as well as it could have ...

Titus fulfilled his role and successfully killed Valentinian in his home in Vienne. He made it look as though Valentinian committed suicide. In fact, his job was so successful that no one ever figured out if Valentinian really killed himself or not. Titus returned to Florentia and was given the role of council electorate, inheritable from Varengellius.

Meanwhile, the plan in Rome was not nearly as successful. The first part of the plan went over splendidly, though. Dressed as the co-ruler of the Roman Empire, Varengellius was able to persuade Theodosius into believing the possibility of a disaster in the empires, resulting in the deaths of his entire population. Gullible and fearful, Theodosius listened, and was eventually convinced into signing the letter allowing "Constanus of Western Rome heir to the Roman throne in the case of a disaster." The disaster was later defined as, "an event ending the lives of Flavius Theodosius, Flavius Arcadius, Flavius Honorius, and the Eastern Emperor, Flavius Valentinianus." The guards oversaw this act with disdain, but could do nothing to stop the emperors.

While the first part went well, the second...not so well. Contrary to Varengellius' opinion, the security was a touch more powerful than expected. Varengellius was spotted with a oblong shaped bottle shortly after leaving Theodosius' table, and after being immediately questioned by servants, was revealed to have been a fake and was sentenced to death.

Word eventually got back to Florentia that the plan failed and Theodosius had survived...or did he?

While not realized for another four years, Varengellius has slipped the poison into the bowls of the emperor and his children before being caught. Theodosius was away from the table at the time and the guards were too distracted to warn Theodosius of his infected meal. Theodosius and his two children, Honorius and Arcadius, had finished their meals within a half hour of the arrest. But when no other affects occurred besides slight muscle aches, it was widely believed that the poison either somehow expired or was never actually poison in the first place. The latter was true.

The muscle aches in Theodosius and his children never left and only progressed into worse and worse symptoms. The public was unaware of this problem, as well as Valentinian's death, as it would 'plummet the empires into chaos and anarchy' the officials thought. This sickness was kept from public eyes and Theodosius continued to rule. It eventually worsened into a severe case of edema. The guards finally realized that the poison was not immediate kind, but the slow and painful kind. They suspected that could be the case, but four years was unexpected.

On his deathbed, Theodosius handed the guards the letter with his signature. They read it, nodded, and served their emperor in his final hours. Honorius and Arcadius died a few days after Theodosius. The highest ranked guards secretly sent out multiple search parties looking for the man as described in Theodosius' letter. During that time, there was a transitional government ruled by Theodosius' highest officer disguised as a very sick Theodosius.

-March 5th, 396 A.D.

The emperor's guard walked on the golden pedestal, turned to the populous crowd solemnly. "Unfortunately, your longtime emperor, Theodosius, has passed away. His sons have fallen deathly ill as well. So accordance to his will, we have found a rightful successor."

He lit up as he shouted, "We have found Tiberius Constanus!"

The crowd cheered an enormous cheer. Finally knowing the empire would once again be under one ruler. Theodosius was Hell to them. In knowing that his long reign was at an end, women cried tears of joy that trickled onto the hard pavement below. Children covered their ears, trying to escape the screams.

Through the door walked a young man at 5' 10''. He had dirty blond hair, a short, stubby nose, and not the fittest physique. He carefully walked over to the guard dressed in sparkling jewels and gold. "My father told me I would one day be great, but I never expected this."

The guard turned to him and responded, "What is meant to be, is meant to be."

The young man, no older than 16, walked up the pedestal and waited.

"I now present to you, the people of Rome, your new emperor!" Placing the spectacular ruby and sapphire encrusted crown upon the boy's head. The guard stepped down and let Constanus to step on the pedestal.

The guard shouted, "Long live Constanus! Emperor of the Roman Empire!"

The crowd mimicked the guards in unison, "Long live Constanus!!"
Constanus I of Rome.
The Wise

396 A.D. to 446 A.D.

April 6th, 402 A.D.
Midnight.

A shadowy figure stepped slowly forward. "My son...Am I crazy for putting myself through this? To save a broken empire? Who's to say it won't crumble with or without my help? If I wait, it will crumble and I will be blamed. But if I act too fast, the same will happen. I just don't know anymore." He walked over to the wine cabinet, grabbed a bottle and poured the purple liquid into a tall glass. "The people no longer wait to see my face every morning as they did years ago. At least they've grown inspired enough to keep fighting in the Gothic War. They've even pushed them back to Adrianople, back to a battle we lost years ago...against those demon barbarians." He lifted up the glass. "How could have emperors before me have misjudged these people? They walked into our lands illegally and we make them farmers? Sometimes I wonder what would've happened if my father's mission failed." He took a sip of the wine."Tomorrow I will enact legislation that will finally end this war. I have to. We'll lose a damned lot of empire territory through this...but it just might save this land."

He walked up to the gleaming window, the moonlight peered through revealing the gray hairs peeking through his dark blond mane. "I have to go with them. They cannot do it alone. I'll come back for you Servius. I will not let you grow up without your father as I did."

Servius answered with unintelligible babble. Constanus walked near the golden crib and picked up his son. "Your son will be emperor one day, Servius." The infant smiled as he was set back down.


-7:32 am, Rome





Walked up the golden pedestal, he spoke, "Subjects, good morning to you!"

The audience applauded this welcome.

"I, Constanus I of these great empires hereby decree new acts which will once again let the Roman Empire flourish into the great land it once was!"

The audience roared with cheering and excitement.

"This will be hard to take in, but with the following rules being implemented into Roman law immediately, we will save the wondrous culture of this fair land. First, I plan to end this horrific Gothic War which eats up our economy and resources every day.

All was silent. The audience was stunned by this proclamation.

"You may have heard that we have recently gained the upper hand in this war and that we could win. This is true, but it would leave us wide open in the West, and Rome could very well be attacked in the upcoming years. The Visigoths are temporarily pushed back to Adrianople, but even though we wish to push them North, entirely out of our lands, that is just plain impossible. Our armies are weakened, and we have no choice but to retreat."

This late line was greeted with multiple boos and hisses.

"My people, listen please! This retreat will lead to a prosperous Rome, lower taxes, and less deaths. But it will all take some careful planning. I hereby demand that Titus Sergius of Florentia be placed before me in one week's time. I have heard of this man's influence in the city of Florentia and it has been confirmed that he has become one of this empire's great military advisers. Now onto other affairs...

"As many of you know, Christianity has grown to be the majority religion in Rome and the empires alike. This type of unity is exactly what we need here and I will continue to applaud such efforts. However, we must not discriminate anyone based on religion, and therefore, any religious crimes between upon anyone of Christian or Paganism beliefs will be dealt with harshly. We will forever have no national religion in order to respect all religious beliefs here."

The crowd cheered, some feeling that the old Republic is beginning to return.

"Thirdly, and many of you will not like this decree, we will decrease the size of the empire. The specifics are not made yet, but my royal advisers and I will draft a map of the new empire shortly. The reason for this: outside of the peninsula, there is not a large Roman population. In other words, not too many live outside of the direct empire any longer. We are decreasing the size for security reasons, but anything can change."

Once again, the crowd was silent. Waiting further news.

"One last thing I would like to address. It seems with all of these barbaric tribes about, that every foreign group out there is out to get us. Do not fear any longer, for we have a new ally! After a long, strenuous war history, the Celtic people of the North have agreed to be our economic and military ally. They have forgiven us for invasions centuries ago, and we now both realize that these barbarians will destroy both of us if they takeover Europe. So, my people, remember that we are not alone in this fight!"

The crowd thunderously applauded their emperor.

"Thank you all for listening. I will let you all know when further decisions have been made."

He stepped down and returned to his offices.


April 14th, 402 A.D.

Titus finally arrived in Rome and walked into Constanus' chambers. He walked up to the emperor and gave him an expected hug.

Titus had been a friend of Varengellius up to his death. Even though the latter had multiple issues, Titus always stood by him through his decisions. He was aging as everyone does, but was still fit as a fiddle at 43 years. Constanus was the only one who knew his family secret, thanks to a certain diary he keeps with him, and since Titus was never found to be Valentinian's killer, nobody had heard his name before.

Together they discussed how to end the Gothic War and more importantly, how to save Rome from destruction. Titus advised Constanus to abandon Constantinople and only fortify Rome, but Constanus rejected that idea as quickly as it came. Constantinople, he believed, was as essential to the empire as Rome was. The only solution was to find a separate ruler to govern Constantinople and, effectively, the Eastern part of the Roman Empire.

"My son is heir to both thrones at the moment," Constanus told Titus, "but because we need to split this empire, I suggest we make you the Eastern's emperor!"

Taken aghast, "But sire, I am only an adviser! There's no way I can govern a whole emperor! Who would have been the emperor if Valentinian didn't...er...die?"

"Theodosius' child, Arcadius. But he died before I became emperor."

"Right...right..."

"Well there's got to be someone. There's no way I can govern both sides of the empire...wait! I got it! It might be disputed, but what if we give the throne to Aelia Eudoxia?"

"Who?" answered Titus with a perplexed look on his face.

"Aelia Eudoxia! She's the daughter of Rufinius, one of the old consuls during Theodosius' rule. I would have chosen him...but he's deceased."

"Well that answers that. A Roman Empress has never ruled by herself before, but desperate times call for desperate measures."

"Appoint her to the throne immediately and make sure she produces an heir as soon as possible. You can help her with that." Constanus stated, grinning.

"Risky move, sir. But if you say so..." Titus said while starting to walk off.

"Hold it!" yelled Constanus. Titus immediately froze. "About the war, Titus. Are you sure shortening the Western Empire will work?"

"Your father did the same thing. Always unsure of things." Titus turned to Constanus. "As long as you're careful, it will. Do not do anything to hastily or we'll lose you as we lost your father."





Aelia (pictured above, in the window) was crowned, to the chagrin of the Eastern populous, as the first Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire. Titus had the opportunity to be crowned emperor, but opposed to doing so, he refused. She proved to be an excellent ruler, cutting off supply lines used by the Visigoths, successfully ending all chances of a Visigothic Kingdoms in the East. She only ruled for a few years, but her administration was strong. When she became Empress, she bore Titus' child, who would be named Sergius I, named after Titus (who died in 410 A.D.), of the Eastern Roman Empire.

From 404 A.D. to 445 A.D., Constanus spent his administration ending the Gothic War and trading with the Celts. Because of his careful thinking, he was able to finally fortify the Western Roman Empire's borders with over 50,000 Celtic army members. For the next fifty years, the WRE would be in debt to the Celtic Kingdom, but that will be explained in more depth later.

The Western Roman Empire's borders were now much smaller than they were in 380, but defense was now manageable. The Alps kept invading forces at bay now that the Romans had newer technology. The Vandals witnessed many of the battles during the Gothic War and decided to traverse Iberia and set up a small kingdom in North Africa.

Constanus was given the Caesar surname for bringing honor and stability back to the empire. Statues were constructed, but he never let it go to his head. He knew such a thing was what emperors before him had done and it only hurt the empires.


Constanus I Caesar was seen by many as a hero who sacrificed in order to keep stability. He lowered taxes due to a smaller army required to fortify borders. There were little assassination attempts only being contracted by those related to Theodosius I. The capital was officially moved to Rome, with Florentia, Ravenna, and Aquileia remaining as the largest cities in the WRE.

Throughout Constanus' reign of fifty years, no barbarian army breached the now-small borders of the empire. The Ostrogoths attempted to set up a kingdom, but it lasted a mere 2 months before it fell. The Visigothic invasion ultimately failed and they retreated East only to be vanquished by Sergius I's forces. Some of the remaining Visigoths escaped into Iberia where they set up a small kingdom. The Vandals were hardly a threat in the South, knowing that what happened to the Visigoths could happen to them. The Franks marched into Gaul as planned and set up their kingdom. Constanus drew up a fast treaty with the Franks forging an alliance. Gaul had not been a part of the empire for years, so they did not care if the Franks had it. The alliance was a security.


Constanus died in his sleep the morning of March 5th, 446 A.D. He died the most successful emperor of the Roman Empire in centuries. His son was already in his 30s, so he passed on the throne. Constanus' grandson would gain the throne as Constanus II at the age of 9. A brown diary was inherited to him the day he was crowned. An adviser reported saying that he saw among other things, an advanced map of Europe in the diary with plausible battle plans for the next hundred years.




Constanus II
The Protector
Life: 437 to 511
Reign: 446 to 511

(Whenever the name Constanus is used, Constanus II is the one being referred to unless otherwise noted.)

Constanus (II) of the WRE acted conservatively during most of his reign. He understood his grandfather's ways and mimicked them as predicted. The people of Rome only wanted to be kept safe during this era. They cared little about expanding the empire or gaining land or resources. To Constanus, however, resources were of the utmost importance. He knew that to keep WRE stable he needed a touch more land and resources. Agriculture was the essential industry in the empire. Even though basic factories were constructed in Rome and Florentia, almost 90% of the population was engaged in farming one way or another. There were a number of years with poor harvests, but the latter part of the 5th century was filled with great harvest years with newer crops brought to Rome through Chinese and Indian trading.

During the crisis of the 2nd and 3rd centuries, bartering had returned due to panic. Constanus realized that a return to the monetary system would facilitate the empire's method of collecting taxes evenly. He implemented a permanent coining system with help from numerous mathematics scholars. Before long, bartering had died down and was replaced steadily with the monetary system. By 500, over 94% of the empire used the same currency. This type of unification kept the empire strong and under one culture.

He also revived the lost Mediterranean trading system through a slight tax increase. More ships were constructed at a faster rate, allowing faster trade to the Eastern Roman Empire, the Celtic Kingdom, as well as India and China. Some critics of the emperor saw this tax increase as a return to the days of Theodosius, but advisers knew it would be successful in the long run.

The barbarian attacks from the Visigoths had disappeared. The Visigothic Kingdom deteriorated in Iberia, allowing the Suevic and Frankish Kingdoms to invade and conquer. The Frankish armies were well equipped and well numbered while the Visigoths were weakened from failed invasions into the WRE. By 460, the Visigoths had fallen off of the map.

Hearing this news, the people of Rome rejoiced, hoping this would mean an end to barbarian war. However, a new threat had emerged. The Huns.

The Huns had evolved into a humongous empire in eastern Europe. Calling themselves the "Hunnic Empire", they destroyed many old Celtic cities in the East with a 100,000-man army. The army seemed impervious to any other Germanic tribe. But he had not encountered the Romans yet.

Constanus had heard of the Huns before and their leader, Attila. They had already attacked Roman allies, the Celts. Constanus was a young and naive leader when Attila arrived, but his grandfather's diary described this exact event. That diary had been owned by generations at this point and had input from Varengellius, Constanus I, Titus, and some others. Through using this aged book, Constanus was able to devise a plan to eliminate the Huns.

-June 2nd, 451

Constanus formed a 120,000-man army, composed entirely of patriotic, devoted members of the WRE. Led by the teenage emperor, the army headed onward towards the Celtic city of Namur. They trudged across the Alps, muddy waters, and through some heated days, but before long, they arrived.



Constanus examined the grassland battleground before greeted the Celtic king with a handshake. With the help of a translator, they were able to devise a plan to demolish the Huns. The combined armies totaled 200,000. They outnumbered and even doubled the supposed 100,000 Hunnic army.

When Attila finally entered Namur territory, Constanus and his partner were shocked. His army was no more than 60,000. Within days, the Huns were defeated at The Battle of Namur, ending any more Hunnic invasions into Celtic or WRE territory. Attila was cornered and beheaded by Constanus himself. The Hun threat was over for Constanus. But he wondered...'What happened to the other 40,000 soldiers? Unless...no way. Sergius! Damn!"

Across the continent, the 40,000 Huns led by Attila's son, Ellac, ran straight toward Constantinople on horseback. "We will bury you Roman scum! This will be Hun territory by nightfall!!"


Attack on Constantinople
(February, 452)


The son of famed Empress Eudoxia I and Grand Adviser Titus Sergius, Sergius I had some big shoes to fill when he was first made emperor of the ERE in 413. Titus had died of old age by the time Sergius was a year old and likewise, Eudoxia died of typhus in 413.

Sergius I co-ruled with high-influence advisers until he was about 13, in which he took and control and changed a number of things in the empire. He helped to establish a greater urban environment, mostly in Constantinople, Adrianople, and Athens.

Under his administration, Sergius constructed intricate roads made from old military dirt roads. These roads connected the ERE to the WRE and allowed faster travel to Anatolia and Egypt. With this faster connection, financial resources were discovered in places like Alexandria. The money gained from these excavations was utilized in expanding the road system and in fortifying Constantinople.

However, the city was only partly protected when the Hunnic army, led by Ellac (son of Attila), attacked. 40,000 rushed on horseback with carved bows and spears. Constantinople's Grand Army only had 25,000 members of the military as many of ERE's armies were in the North under Constanus II.

The fighting raged on for days until Sergius came to the realization that his army was losing fast. The Huns had them outnumbered and Constantiniple would only stand against them for so long.

Sergius ordered a ceasefire in order to desperately contact Ellac. The Huns were largely unwilling to listen to foreign orders, but Ellac told them to stand down. Sergius asked Ellac what he wanted to which the reply was vaguely, "We will not rest until your army and your capital are destroyed. We want little from you." Sergius then questioned why they stopped fighting to talk. Ellac stepped off his black-haired horse as he questioned, "We thought you were surrendering. Are you not, you piece of scum?!"

"We will never surrender, sir. But maybe we can work out a trade?"

Ellac's army roared with anger and confusion and demanded further battle, some even beginning to fight again. Ellac paid them no attention as he kept his sight on the Roman emperor. His eyes narrowed. "I'm listening..."

"If you leave this place at once, I will step down as emperor and give you over seven hundred pounds of gold."

"Hmm...alright. We will hold off the attacks for now. But I know your kind. You'll be back in your throne by tomorrow morning. We will only accept your pitiful offer and leave in exchange for your own life. No one else." Ellac thought that in having a Roman emperor submit to an execution, it would prove the Germanic tribes superior to all of the Roman Empire. (Ellac was much more educated and diplomatic that most other Huns.)

"I accept," replied Sergius. His army gasped as they watched the horrific precedings.

Sergius begrudgingly walked over to Ellac's side and bowed down low. Ellac raised his axe high above Sergius' head. "Long live Attila!" he screamed as his axe came plummeting down upon Sergius, detaching his head from his body.The Huns cheered as Sergius' lifeless corpse fell to the ground like a a bag of stones.

The Hunnic army surprisingly stood by their word, terrified of consequences Ellac would have for them. They thought they have won the war. They left with their gold and the satisfaction of killing the emperor. But little did they know the fate of Attila in the North.

Luckily for the Eastern Empire, Sergius had a son. He was named Manius Lanatus in honor of Sergius' uncle of the same name. He would have to restore the ERE to the state it was decades ago to gain popularity with the public.

The Hun threat was gone, Constantinople and Rome still stood, and Europe had finally reached a momentary peace.​
 
The Long Road - An Exploration TimeLine

Discussion Thread found here.

I'd like to take this opportunity before I begin to thank Thande for his dedication to his Look to the West Timeline as it gave me the inspiration to undertake my own TL. Likewise, I want to bring attention to the author Jasper Fforde for writing his Thursday Next books - and my fiancée for having the mental capacity to keep up with them and tell me about them after I gave up reading them. Lastly I'd like to thank Sir Scott for giving me the final topic for the TL and the nudge to get going. So, without further ado...

The Long Road



“Divide each difficulty into as many parts as is feasible and necessary to resolve it.” – René Descartes, Le Discours de la Méthode, 1637


Written by Troyer IV

________________________________________________________________​


Prologue


Contained herein are the official transcripts of first-hand accounts of the members of ChronoGuard Mission FA7-42, field reports to the Universal Continuum Commission, indigenous records from the Paradigm in question, and the succeeding investigation.


UCC Associate Voyager Clemmons holojournal, transcript of records 25th February, 175 New Era [1]

Today is my fiancée’s birthday and I’m stuck here running down reports on this “Maxgrim” fellow. At least he’s an interesting enough subject. Apparently his last official in-situ assignment was to track records of the Ethiopian ‘Prester John,’ though by cross-checking some of the personnel logs from SO7 [2], it almost seems like Maxgrim – err, Subject 5443B-9J – may have planted those records for the Commission to investigate. But why? Oh well, doesn’t matter. I’m just an analyst and this is above my pay grade. Stevens is coming, gotta go!
//[*Stop Transcription*]


Attachment to Personnel Evaluation on Maxgrim Kolchak, Supervisor Dr. Severs to Charter Director Keys-Mason, 14th August, 171 New Era

This young gent is absolutely astounding! His grasp of Temporal Displacement is almost intuitive, thus his control exceeds that of even some of our most veteran Voyagers. With your permission, I’d like to bump him up to Commander Walkren’s stick for their upcoming trip. I know its too early to be putting one of these recruits into the field, but with all the potential he’s displayed thus far, I’d really like to see him in action. Walkren’s crew is the best we have, so they will be on hand – with special orders – to make sure nothing goes wrong. This boy could be what the Commission has been waiting for.
//[*Stop Transcription*]


Mission Log DE3-16, Commander Walkren reporting 6th January, 172 New Era

Dr. Severs was right, this kid is amazing. If I didn’t know any better, I’d say he had done this sort of thing before. Our Jump looked to take us over our mark, but he modified the trajectory and we landed right on target. Not bad, especially for a new kid in a pinch. Hell, not bad for a navigator with two or three years’ experience, bloody brilliant for some FNG [3]. I’d personally agree to an early promotion for this kid, I need a new G-man.
//[*Stop Transcription*]


Universal Continuum Commission Contact Report 87G-2R, September 27th, 174 New Era

Let it be recorded that throughout his training and field excursions, Maxgrim Kolchak displayed the finest performance required of a ChronoGuard Voyager. Both his Commander and Field Supervisor recommended his accelerated advancement, as well as a personal commendation by the Charter Director. Thus when he failed to return from the field, it was not immediately clear what had become of him. The Temporal Residuals of Mission FA7-42 indicated a disturbance over the African continent of that Paradigm [4], denoted by this particular mission number. The resultant pursuit then indicated that it was Maxgrim himself which had Jumped, effectively abandoning the crew and his mission. It was at this time that Commission was contacted by Commander Walkren and appraised of the situation. The best ChronoGuard in history has gone rogue.
//[*Stop Transcription*]


Mission Log FA7-42, Emergency Transmission, Commander Walkren reporting August 30th, 174 New Era

Silver Sword! I repeat, Silver Sword! We have a Senior Class Voyager AWOL! ChronoGuard Maxgrim Kolchak has disregarded protocol and Jumped to unknown coordinates. We are currently in pursuit.
//[*Stop Transcription*]


Mission Log FA7-43, Commander Walkren reporting 2nd September 174 New Era

Mission FA7-43 has overridden our previous objectives, direct orders from Charter Director Keys-Mason. This sort of thing has never happened before, but he’s on damage control. If we don’t bring something back – preferably Maxgrim himself – we’re all on the spit. Good news first, then, I suppose. We have tracked Maxgrim’s Jump to sometime in the 14th century over West Africa. We’re pulling all the data we currently have on what this particular spot should have in store for us, but within this Paradigm anything could be altered. Hmm, this will call for some rather unorthodox tactics, but I think don't anything short of a miracle is going to bring Maxgrim back to us. On his own, anyway.

Associate Voyager Griggs has indicated that so far there’s little out of ordinary for this Paradigm, so we shouldn’t be too far afield of what our records indicate. This place is Timbuktu of the Mali Empire, sometime around 1330 AD, but without local records we can’t narrow it further. Here’s what we know so far. Bullet-form, since the Director likes bullets:
Ø Ruled by Mansa Mussa, a.k.a. Kan Kan Mussa, nephew of one Abu Bakr II.
Ø Recently captured Timbuktu, possibly in the year 1325 as by our records.
Ø Recently completed a hajj to Mecca, possibly in the year 1324 as by our records, which may have ruined the Egyptian economy, thereby putting Mali on the map.
Ø Timbuktu has possibly as many as 180 Quranic schools, and three (3) universities: Sankore, Jingaray Ber, and Sidi Yahya. These schools are amongst the foremost of this age, outstripping many other Islamic intellectual centers, which outstrip most European intellectual centers.
Ø These Universities study weather and crops, geography, astronomy, mathematics, and cultural history, drawing from afar afield as Spain and the Levant.
Ø The Mali Empire is the center of all West African trade, including vast quantities of salt and gold, as well as other varied tradegoods.
Ø The terrain, particularly the flora, is typical of the Sahel and Sudanic vegetation, characterized by low moisture content, high potential for desertification.
Ø Mali falls to a Moroccan invasion in 1591. [5]
These are the basic facts of the situation, further in-situ investigation will be required before we can determine with any certainty the extent of our knowledge of this Paradigm. All potential sources of information will be considered; it may be necessary to expand our search if we are unable to unearth any clues here. We will, of course, debrief the Director as soon as convenient.
//[*Stop Transcription*]


Karem Ibn Battama, a personal letter, Timbuktu, c.1327 AD*P [6]

…These dogs! I came here thinking that I would be honored with titles and moneys for my teachings, yet at this Sidi Yahya University, here I have traveled across the desert to be insulted! I have been deemed sub-par by these mean [7] people and am now asked to return to Marrakech to, as they say, complete my education so I may be of sufficient intellect to sit in upon their lectures – as a student! I was not asked here to teach, but to be taught. This Mussa thinks highly of his negroid scholars; true they are adept, but more proficient? Laughable! [8] My dear Farede, I will be returning in some weeks’ time, once the Sanhaja are subdued… [Here follows more personal matters and travel arrangements of ill-import to the matter at hand.]


‘Yusef,’ journal entry, Timbuktu, c.1323 AD*P

The halls are abuzz with the news – the Mussa is going north on his hajj! We won’t be crossing the desert through Ghat, but north to the salt mines at Taghaza. I’ve heard we may even be going to Andalus, but I don’t see why we would – that’s across the waters that surround, isn’t it? Preparations are almost complete. There will be thousands of us to carry the name of the Mussa all the way to Mecca. I wasn’t to be allowed to go for at least another year, but something changed and now we are going. Allahu Akbar! [9]


Ricardo Noguiera, A History of the Mohammedan Dynasties of Spain, University of Toledo Press, c.1854 AD*P

The Castilians must have been terribly disappointed when the banners of Aragon failed to arrive on the field that day, as it certainly must have appeared that not only Aragon but God Himself had abandoned them [10]. According to contemporary historians, the Crusaders were present with some 40,000 men under arms, including various of the Knightly Orders, and there before them were arrayed nearly thrice their number of Moors [11]. One anonymous author notes the following account:
Then the Crusaders rose at midnight, the hour of Christ’s victory over death, hearing the masses and receiving the Sacrament of the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ, Our God. Thus were they fortified against the heathen and marched under the sign of the Cross, taking their weapons of war joyously and rushing to battle. [Further obviously biased details include the exultations of the commanding monarchs, their relatives, various nobles, friends, and vassals – and a particularly venomous comment of the ‘Lord-Abandoning’ Aragonese.] Once through the mountain passage, those lined amongst the first ranks discovered the Moors ready for battle, but determined to honor the Holy Father they attacked, fighting one against the other, hand-to-hand, with lances, swords, and battle-axes, there being no room for archers.

Some mutterance of the traitorous guide was carried back to where this God-Fearing man stood. When it was discovered that this wretch was a Jew, Alfonso hisself took the man’s head, assured that being of that race he must be in league against the Banners of Christ. Long the battle raged, neither side overcome, though pushing and being pushed alike. Then, as if the Calamity of Armageddon itself were upon us, wretched Christians threw down their arms and retreated, crying out “we are undone, overcome!” This cry of doom carried down until the power of our Lord Jesus Christ caused the very air to quake; Our Glorious and Noble King of Castile rode forward, carrying a wave upon the spears of the Moors…
This account is largely a work of propaganda and delusion, though it is more accurate than most account, giving credence to the belief that at least the author was an eye-witness to the events. What is known is that Alfonso VIII of Castile did rally the Crusaders, bringing them back from the brink of a rout. The accusations that the simple farmer was doing anything other than what the soldiers said – guiding them through Despeñaperros Pass at sword-point – is easily dismissed as a reasonable excuse for the lack of success in battle. (Although it may be pertinent to note that Alfonso was known for his mistreatment of Jews and Muslims alike, so it may have some basis in fact. [12])

The fact of the matter is simply this: the Andalusia Campaign was quite possibly the last chance for outright Christian dominance of Iberia before the advent of the 15th century [13].


Ismail ar-Mohmar, a personal letter, Qurtuba, c.1323

This Mussa of Mali is a strange wonder. Apparently he has camped the vast quantity of his followers on the African coast and made voyage to Granada to engage in some manner of business with the taifa [14] there. For such a simple trip, he brought several hundred of his servants and slaves, all laden with gold and precious goods – not for trade, but distribution as gifts. It caused some small uproar there, from what I understand, and no small amount of confusion. Apparently this was a tactical ploy – this Mansa Musa is on a mission, it seems. Ostensibly, this was a social call – a sidestep on his pilgrimage to Mecca [15] – to honor one of the defenders of Islam here on the peninsula, but there’s more to it than that. Despite the ruse, through my contacts I was able to determine the purpose of the trip. Mali is to commission the construction of several dozen ocean-going vessels. Apparently dissatisfied with the months-long round trip across the Sahara, Mansa wishes to expedite his trade. These borderland heathens must not have a true understanding of the ocean and sail.


Mission Log FA7-43, Commander Walkren reporting 11nd September 174 New Era


As notated, the world of this Paradigm is in many ways very similar to our own. The initial Divergence is not yet clear - that is, we immediately assumed it to be local, but upon closer inspection it would appear that wider influences have altered the Reconquista before our arrival - thus it does not seem to be the work of Maxgrim, but of the natural evolution of this Paradigm. Analysis will continue as we continue our search, but it seems Maxgrim has gone to ground. He is in this Paradigm, this is sure, as there has been no Residue to indicate his departure. What he is doing here, however is most unclear and more than a little disturbing. [16]
//[*Stop Transcription*]


//^|Hold Transcription_Hold Tape|

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
[1] 2628 Gregorian Calendar, New Era denotes the first Temporal Displacement (i.e. time travel) and contact with extraterrestrials

[2] Special Operations Network Department 7, beyond Top Secret

[3] Colloquial Acronym: F***ing New Guy; nothing technical

[4] TimeLine

[5] All OTL

[6] AD*P = Anno Domini *Paradigm timescale; to identify any potential divergences or irregularities from OTL

[7] In this context, 'mean' simply identifies with 'base' or 'simple' in terms of intellect and culture of the people mentioned.

[8] It was not an isolated incident for foreign scholars to be asked to conduct further studies abroad; Timbuktu was an impressive intellectual center with universities as celebrated and prestigious as Oxford. These drew scholars from as far afield as Spain and the Levant. This transcript is to illustrate this largely unknown fact.

[9] Use of the Takbir I felt was warranted; surely many of the servants and personnel for the hajj would have been themselves Muslim and I wished to illustrate this fact. Oh, and yeah, that’s the beginning of Mansa Musa’s famous hajj.

[10] It has not yet been revealed why… but the King of Aragon was otherwise convinced not to join with the Crusaders against the Moors, though please note that he did in OTL.

[11] This is a fairly accurate estimation by the author, but it is still an estimation. Without the Aragonese at battle, the Crusader numbers were less and it is not unlike the Moors to gather thousands of ill-equipped tribesmen from across the empire, nevermind keeping extremely accurate records of such troop bodies.

[12] Alfonso’s treatment of said peoples did cause some rather strong resentment amongst the other Crusaders, particularly the French and German knights.

[13] OTL the Christians would go on to dominate all of Iberia except the Emirate of Granada until 1492, though Granada was a Castilian vassal beginning in 1238 after a very different result from the aforementioned Battle of Las Navas de Talosa. For the purposes of this TimeLine, it will be referred to as the Battle of Despeñaperros Pass.

[14] Islamic Principality of Iberia

[15] Mansa Musa embarked on a pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324 OTL

[16] Just wanted to clarify that the PoDs began before the Voyagers arrived; they did not cause the alterations.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

Chapter One: The Myth of Mansa Musa



Gerard Bastien Hilaire, A Concise History of the Empire of Mali, c.1923 AD*P

It is with some trepidation that I undertake to examine one of the most controversial figures of the High Middle Ages. Musa I of Mali, better known as Mansa Musa, contributed heavily to the course of commerce and learning in West Africa which would resonate in other intellectual centers of the world. What’s more impressive is his understanding of both Islamic diplomacy and African cultural traditions and how he was able to mesh the two, drawing the Empire together. This, at least nominal, unity in the short term allowed for his most ambitious endeavor.

Mansa Musa is generally accepted as the greatest advocate for trans-oceanic voyages before Henri the Voyager. Undoubtedly amongst the richest men of his day, the Mansa had the means, the education for understanding, and the ability to garner the expertise needed for such a venture. What he arguably lacked was the inspiration.

It has been suggested that Musa I followed in the footsteps of his ancestor Abu Bakr II [1], whom records indicate commissioned a fleet and attempted to cross the ocean, never to return. Still others, generally the more Islamophile observers, attempt to give credit to the Divine due to Musa’s noteworthy stay in Mecca. This is relatively easily refuted, as Musa commissioned the ships on his way to Mecca, not on his way from. Though, this may only explain the original purpose for the vessels.

Whatever the source of inspiration, Musa would go on to lead Mali across the ocean, kickstarting the Age of Exploration from a hitherto virtually unknown corner of the planet. Had this expedition fallen to the same fate as Abu Bakr, the New World may well have gone unnoticed for another century.


Franz Mueller, The Hamburg Courier, 7th February, 1887 AD*P

As we’ve seen time and time again throughout history, the sudden introduction of easily accessible funds en masse can and likely will mire the local economy – sometimes for rather long periods. Take, as such anecdotal incidents, the French Conquest of the Mexica, or – more related to our own troubles – the inundation of gold in Morocco during the reign of the Musa of Mali [2]. These examples are far more troubling than our current financial predicament, however the…principle still stands…


Geoffrey Argande, International Geographic Magazine, vol. 47, September, 1912 AD*P

A source of interest to me on my travels for this publication has long been the local quisine. I find that most think the more ‘exotic’ the location, the more ‘luxurious’ the food, particularly when speaking of places of wealth, status, and royalty. This isn’t so much the case in West Africa, as I found in Timbuktu of Mali. Once the crossroads of a great and affluent nation, Timbuktu displays some very visible reminders of those days of splendor. Particularly impressive is the architectural work of Abu Haq Saheli, who accompanied the great Mansa Musa from Egypt.

This treat to the eye, however, is nothing when compared to the olfactory delight as I pass through the city’s lower quarter. It is not impossible to find haram [3] in this Islamic community, but one might not wish to partake publicly – even an obvious outsider who isn’t Muslim. It is not quite the same as visiting the local market, due to the relative remoteness here, but one can still find some foreign delicacies – cinnamon, coconuts, grapes, honey, pomegranates, and so forth. However, this isn’t why I’m so thrilled to be in Timbuktu. Typically, West African ‘feasts’ aren’t so much about the level of ‘exotic-ness’ of the food, but in the amount presented. Here, a feast of honor is all about “more of the same” where great mounds of food are prepared for all to enjoy.

This isn’t to say that any quality of food is presented – indeed, any Tuo when cooked well can be served with great flourish – but one may not notice the subtle differences unless raised on the stuff. Last week I was in Gao for Ramadan and I found a small shop where, for a mere half mithqual, I was overstuffed with bread, beef fried in gharti, and a gourd-full of yoghurt. This great helping wasn’t the entire experience, you see, for I was lucky to be there at Ramadan and it is in the experience of a dignified communal eating that true luxury is appreciated in this modest place. It would be at just such communal events that not only weather, crops, and gossip may occur, but plans for the future, such as war, commerce and even the discovery of the New World.


Hasim Mus’ad Habib Harun, History of the Mossi Wars, c.1513 AD*P

It is clear to most historians that the Mossi Kingdom of Yatenga was in a threatening posture to Mali from before Musa I’s ascension, having good access into Mali’s heartland. Why the Mossi were allowed to prosper is a matter of some debate – likely this was due to Mansa Musa’s attention to European proceedings and his interest across the Atlantic. Nevertheless, in 1333 the Yatenga invaded the unsuspecting Mali Empire. Utilizing their powerful cavalry, the Yatenga raided deep into Mali territory, causing much destruction. Avoiding major battles, the Yatenga were able to pull off impressive victories and humiliate the ‘Discoverers.’

When it became clear that these raids were not minor incursions by Tauregs or some displaced peoples, Musa called upon the Sankar-Zouma [4] to dispatch them. After a cat-and-mouse game, a sizeable confrontation occurred near Djenné. Some 40,000 Mali faced off against 15,000 Yatenga, the latter comprised almost entirely of cavalry, excepting some local levies. The Mali force was divided in two sections, each wing with only two or three thousand cavalry. This great discrepancy in cavalry immediately put the Mali off balance as they themselves were reliant upon initial cavalry charges to break enemy formations.

As a rule, the Mali Empire employed 100,000 troops, of fair quality and effective training, of which 10,000 were farari, or cavalry – as close as Mali could produce to our mamelukes or ghulam, or the Christian knights. Their infantry force of slaves and freemen, led by farimba and farima, respectively, armed themselves with a variety of blades and spears, as well as bows. Indeed, these bows were in great supply, along with plentiful poison arrows and poisoned javelins. The Mossi were armed in like fashion, though with greater numbers of foreign lances and swords, as these weapons were preferred choice amongst cavalry.

The battlelines closed in; the Mali drove forward under cover of myriad projectiles as the Mossi foot skirmished against many times their number. Meanwhile, the Mossi cavalry struck hard against the farari, dispersing them absolutely on the field’s left, but being stymied by accurate missiles on the right. In the fore the Mossi foot withdrew, drawing the Mali forward overstretched. Into this did the Mossi thrust, pushing deep into the Mali lines – indeed, threatening to break through and disperse the whole force.

Upon this scene of carnage did a peculiar banner appear on the field to the Mossi rear. The Mali feared enemy reinforcements and were near upon cracking when, suddenly, a cry went up – this was the banner of the Lion of Mali, Mansa Musa! Only by utilizing the river clans could his force have arrived so timely, which was less aid in arms as it was in morale; renewed and reinvigorated, the Mali held firm and pressed the lines, allowing time for the Mansa to drive the enemy from the field.


Sisaw Bakari Konteh, journal entry, Niami, c.1328 AD*P [5]

Word has arrived from the coast: the ships have arrived. Over the next few weeks, our preparations will see the needed provisions ready for the voyage. When last I saw them, these great ships were still little more than timbers. The Cordobans and Moors who will crew the sails with us are reasonable people, if somewhat disdainful of our cultural traditions – this is expected, of course, from those with such strangled minds.

A dozen of these sailships will begin the voyage to the northwest while another nine will set off towards the southerly route. The astronomy tables provided by the Jingaray Ber will be of some use, but I fear that – if their calculations are correct – we may find alien arrangements and become disorientated. Nevertheless, so long as we do not come upon the so-called ‘river in the ocean’ from Abubakiri’s expedition, our ancestors will guide the way.

We sail in three weeks’ time.


Captain Khaleel Maram Asad, Ship’s Log, c.1328 AD*P

With great pomp and… blasphemous ceremony did our ships debark, the Mansa presiding over the event. This turns my stomach, but as the ranking Mali – this Sisaw Konteh – explains, it is a tenuous balance of politics between Muslim and African there. Though some Africans are Muslim, many still practice odd, and irregular worship rituals. How this binds the people together, as Islam does, I do not know. However, the relative independence of the tribes is not unlike the privileges of the taifas to the Almohads. This may be why such an assortment of peoples now inhabits my ships. True they belong to the Mansa, but here I command.

Our fleet is smaller than the Mansa originally desired, but after seeing the size and quality of the vessels his people use, I now understand. Our baghlahs and dhows can do more than any number of those flimsy ships, and in quicker time with less crewmen. Thinking on which, I do not like the prospect of dividing our ships once we reach… what comes. There is some debate where we may arrive, as some question the tables and arithmetic we’ve been given. That’s another thing – while I am bound to honor his wishes in nearly all things, I could not – would not – sail until each ship had a copy of this information. The delay… yes, it may throw off our projections, but it was a necessary sacrifice.

These Mali truly do not understand the sail and sea; there’s far more to it than going into the waters on a scrap of floating wood with an armful of supplies. There’s the lunar mansions [6], the rhumbs of the kemal [7], variation of the altitude of the Pole Star, measurements for latitude by observing stellar altitude – they didn’t even know do to such at night! – the winds, the Sun, the color of the water, the birds, and above all, how Captain and Crew simply fit! I am a Qurtuba man, and now I’m saddled with Moors, Africans, three Leonese, and even a Berber!

Hopefully our voyage will be relatively uneventful, after all… how hard it is to follow dirat al-matlaq? [8] That is, if the calculations are correct.

Kasi Toma Dembo, a personal letter, Niami, c.1329 AD*P

I must say, I have never seen the Mansa in such a confused state of glee and rage. As Court Scribe, I am rather privy to all manner of commotion and exhibitions – such is the way of politics. The news which arrived today, however, was something most intriguing. It would appear that the fleet has returned – or rather, that a portion has returned. Of the near two dozen commissioned ships, only seven have returned, and less than one in ten of our outfitted river-boats and fishing vessels arrived intact.

When the Mansa heard this news, he grew angry and demanded to know what had become of the ships. The captain, a Qurtuban named Asad, said that he did as was ordered and split the ships evenly once they made landfall. When he returned from his allotted time on his own route, the other ships failed to return. He says he waited for last turn of the moon before sailing for home. This bad news seemed to slide off the Mansa, however, as he realized what the captain had said; they had made landfall. But… where?! At this the Mansa called together the Gbara [9] and cleared the court. Even I was not allowed to remain and notate the proceedings.

I presume that I will be informed tomorrow upon my return.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
[1] Some records tend to indicate that Abu Bakr was alternately Mansa Musa’s uncle and his grandfather. Is generally accepted that there is truth in his own personal narrative to the Sultan in Egypt, wherein Musa came to power because his predecessor (Abu Bakr) left across the oceans and never returned. Some sources also argue that Abu Bakr never held the throne, so whatever line of succession was used in Mali at this time, it would appear that either Mansa Musa was direct in line via Abu Bakr (and potentially his son, who has no real mention in Mali history) or Abu Bakr’s line ended abruptly, leaving his relative Musa to ascend the throne.

[2] On the subject of Mansa Musa, records of TTL are both clearer and more numerous than OTL. This is largely a personal preference to make the transition of understanding easier for the sake of the story. However, I am firmly of the belief that the butterflies from Musa’s successful voyages would cause greater international diplomatic and academic attention.

[3] According to Islamic dietary laws, ‘haram’ is that which is prohibited or unclean, such as alcohol, pork, dog, carrion, and the milk of those animals whose flesh is unclean. The laws also refer to ‘halal’ which is lawful and good, and ‘makruh’ which isn’t forbidden like ‘haram,’ but is reprehensible.

[4] Mali was divided into a Northern Command, and a Southern Command – the Sankar-Zouma was the general of the Southern Command.

[5] Niami is the capital of the Mali Empire, located somewhere in modern-day Guinea.

[6] The stations of the Moon used to determine time and date.

[7] A compass-like device for determining Latitude, used since the 7th century.

[8] “Set Courses,” which rely on fixed bearings, as opposed to dirat al-iqtida’ (“Conclusive Courses” – from known place to another) and dirat al-mul (“Mainland Routes” – in sight of the coast).

[9] The Mali deliberative body, similar to a congress or parliament, where each tribe of the empire had a representative at the Mansa’s court.
 
Last edited:

Hendryk

Banned
Superpower Empire: China 1912

(Link to the original thread)


This is the story of a sleeping giant that shook itself awake.

In 1911, China was called "the sick man of Asia". Its ruling dynasty was in a terminal state of deliquescence; its territory was being encroached on all sides by imperialist powers; it had lost critical elements of its sovereignty; long gone were the days when European powers respected its civilization, instead dismissing it as backwards and fossilized.

And then something happened.



***


Forgotten Achievements


From “A Revisionist Assessment of China’s Modern Political Myths” by Geraldine Brandt, Journal of Asian Studies, Volume 55:3, 1995:


That the instauration of the Qian dynasty had been a transformational moment in the history of China was conventional wisdom to such an extent that it wasn’t until the 1960s that academics would begin to challenge the claim. It was a neat, tidy, and above convenient interpretation, one that had been part of official Chinese historiography for over a half-century; that it went unquestioned in China itself was understandable enough, especially when one keeps in mind that the authoritarian nature of the regime would not be relaxed until several years into Wensheng’s reign. It is however more puzzling that even non-Chinese historians took it largely for granted all that time. The first serious revisionist attempt was that of French Sinologist Lucien Bianco in 1967, Revolution and Reform in China 1895-1947. (…)

While politically useful to the regime, the idea that the advent of the Qian dynasty in 1912 had been a turning point, before which China had been in slow but inexorable decline, and after which it began to rise again, is one that was increasingly disputed by a new generation of historians who followed into Bianco’s footsteps. The truth turns out to be rather more complicated.

The dominant interpretation is now that the Qian dynasty, to put it bluntly, got lucky; it took over at the right moment to benefit from a series of reforms that had been implemented over the past decade and a half, as well as a piecemeal modernization that, after a half-century, was finally beginning to bear tangible results. It may therefore be argued that the main achievement of the new regime was simply not to squander the fruits of its predecessor’s labor. In other words it is probable that, the alleged merits of the Qian dynasty notwithstanding, any other successor regime—including, probably, a Republican one under either Sun Yixian or Yuan Shikai—would by and large have met with a similar degree of success.

A first example concerns the field of education. While Jianguo and his indispensable prime minister Liang Qichao received credit for the thorough overhaul of the Chinese education system after 1912, the truth is that the foundations had already been laid before that. In the previous 15 years a string of reforms, some of them initiated by Kang and Liang themselves in 1898, had already begun adapting to the modern era the obsolete education system, essentially inherited from the Song dynasty and in a state of advanced decay by the end of the 19th century: the old civil service exams had been abolished in 1905; modern universities had been opened (Beijing University in 1898, Fudan University in 1905, Qinghua in 1911, and the venerable Nanjing University, originally founded in 258 CE, was converted into a modern college in 1902); and most important, the system had been rationalized along Western lines between 1901 and 1905, with a primary, secondary and tertiary levels. As far as more specifically military education was concerned, the Baoding Military Academy was up and running from 1901, churning out class after class of army officers trained to Western standards.

If one looks at industries, the facts tell the same story. It is often forgotten how close China had come in the 1860s from having a Meiji Era of its very own. That the Self-Strengthening Movement of the late Qing had ultimately foundered hardly means that its efforts were in vain: they laid the foundations of subsequent industrial development. Who, outside of a narrow circle of historians and weapons buffs, is today aware that the Jiangnan Arsenal, founded in 1865 by Li Hongzhang and Ding Richang, had within five years become the largest manufacturer of modern weapons in East Asia? Who remembers that, while Japan would not produce its first iron-hulled warship until 1887, the dockyards at Jiangnan were already churning out such ships as early as 1872? That until their destruction during the Sino-French War in 1884, the Fuzhou Shipyards were larger than any in Japan? That the steel foundries and arsenal set up by Zhang Zhidong in Wuchang and Hanyang respectively had by 1911 blossomed into a thriving industrial complex in Hubei province, with, among other factories, some 300 cotton-weaving mills employing a total of 12,000 workers?

Then there is the transportation infrastructure. In 1912 China boasted a respectable 9,820 km of railroads, 30% of which were under direct government ownership; more were in the process of being laid down, and the regime change did not make a noticeable difference as far as the pace of building was concerned. It was thanks to the existence of railroads that the settlement of Inner Manchuria, mostly by peasants from Shandong, had been able to proceed so briskly in the last decades of Qing rule. After the railway from Beijing to Hankou was opened in 1905, commercial traffic in Hankou was multiplied by three in as many years. And while the intended purpose of foreign-built railroads was to make the Chinese hinterland accessible to overseas imports, they also enabled a steep rise in Chinese exports to foreign markets, with 80% growth between 1904 and 1912 (tea, cotton, soybeans, tin, etc.).

These and more achievements of the late Qing were opportunistically minimized by official historians after 1912, the better to give the Qian dynasty credit for “reversing” China’s decline and “putting the country back on the path to greatness”. But perhaps said decline had in fact already been reversed by 1912…
 
Another 25 Years: A Collaborative Timeline

The following TL is based on the discussion at:

https://www.alternatehistory.com/discussion/showthread.php?t=182062

Here is the final draft of the ATL:

January 28th, 1986: Christa McAuliffe becomes the first civilian in space, with the successful launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger from Cape Canaveral, Florida...

Januay 31st, 1986: President Ronald Reagan calls the crew of the Space Shuttle from Washington D.C., praising their efforts , saying," you have 'slipped the surly bonds of Earth' to 'touch the face of God.'..."

Febuary 1, 1986: In the Soviet Union, Gorbachev begins to purge the CPSU of it's hard-line members.

Febuary 3: 1986: Inspired by the Challenger, the Soviets want to put a civilian in space as well.

February 12th, 1986: Yugoslavian Prime Minister Milka Planinc warns the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that economies of the Balkan region are unstable,...

February 22nd-25th, 1986: General Juan Ponce Enrile and Gregorio Honasan overthrow the government in a military coup in Manila, Philippines...

February 28th 1986: Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in Stockholm. A nationwide manhunt is started to apprehend the attacker.

March 3rd, 1986: Charles Beasley, scientist at Eli Lilly, unveils EMC, as the first line of "smart pharmaceuticals" in New York City, New York...

March 6th, 1986: Space Shuttle Columbia under Commander Jon McBride is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with little incident...

March 20th, 1986: Right-wing activist Saburo Ienaga launches an ultra-nationalist rally in Tokyo, Japan, proclaiming "Japan must stand up on its own terms..."

April 5, 1986: At a speech to the Politburo, Gorbachev attacks Stalin's rule, telling them about what his family and his wife's family went through, and labels Stalin as a criminal.

April 10: 1986: Gorbachev begins to put younger men in the Politburo, and even taps Anatoly Dobrynin to become Deputy Foreign Minister of the Soviet Union, and Pyotor Lushev as Defence Minister.

April 26th 1986: A reactor test in a Soviet nuclear power station in Chernobyl very nearly leads to a catastrophic accident. The narrowly averted disaster is covered up and the details only become known after several years.

May 3rd, 1986: Space Shuttle Challender launches the Ulysses solar polar orbiter under Commander Frederick H. Hauck from Cape Canaveral, Florida...

May 9th, 1986: Riots in Tallinn between Estonians and Russians.

May 12th, 1986: In Lithuania people demand indepent to country.

May 16th, 1986: Top Gun starring Scott Baio and Brooke Shields makes its hit debut,...

May 20th, 1986: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches the Galileo probe under Commander David M. Walker at Cape Canaveral, Florida. Also on this day, after reviewing the German-Soviet pact of 1939, the Politburo declares it illegal, and excepts Lithuanian's demands.

May 21st, 1986: President Ronald Reagan vetoes the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Bill by Representatives Ron Dellums (D-CA) and William H Gray (D-PA), as "an extremist policy..."

May 22, 1986: In response to the recent demands for an independent country in Lithuania, and the riots in Estonia, a mass strike is held in Poland by the underground Solidarity trade union, calling for a non-communist Poland united with Lithuania.

June 3, 1986: Inspired by the Polish strike, several Czechoslovakian and Hungarian trade unions hold similiar actions in their respective nations, calling for non-communist government.

June 4th, 1986: Run DMC and Aerosmith collaborate for the single "Walk this Way" to protest against music censorship proposals,...

June 10th-17th, 1986: Inspired by the riots in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, riots erupt in Sofia, Bulgaria...

June 19, 1986: The strike in Poland finally ends, after the government finally accedes to negotiate with the government.

July 1st, 1986: Space Shuttle Columbia is launched carrying the first British astronaut, Lieutenant Nigel Wood (RAF), and first Indonesian astronaut, Taufik Akbar, under Commander Michael Coats (US) from Cape Canaveral, Florida...

July 23, 1986: The Czechoslovakian and Hungarian strikes end after their respective governments are forced to negotiate as well.

July 26, 1986: The recent strikes in Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia have sent a wave of fear throughout the Communist bloc nations, and inspired anti-Communist activists to fight harder.

August 1st, 1986: Howard the Duck directed by George Lucas and starring Lea Thompson, makes its hit debut...

August 9, 1986: Afraid for his position as General Secretary, due to hardliners within the Party, Hu Yaobang manages to convince Deng Xiaoping to keep him as GS with his new, radical "Great Days" plan, a plan to open up the Chinese government and guarantee survival as the Communist Bloc in Europe seems to be beginning to collapse. Deng approves of the plan, and massive social reforms begin to be put into place.

August 29th, 1986: Amidst the threat of secessionist fervor in the Baltic States, Mikhail Gorbachev warns of a military crackdown on the region, during a televised speech in Moscow....

September 7th, 1986: General Augusto Pinochet is assassinated by Marcelo Barrios Andres, Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez (FPMR), in Montevideo, Chile, causing massive civil unrest and violence...

September 12th, 1986: German BGA reports severe drug reactions from EMC, including suicidal tendencies and addictive tendencies, during a report in Hamburg, West Germany,...

September 13th, 1986: Young Astronauts (CBS-TV) animated series, makes its hit television debut...

September 14th, 1986: Communist guerillas bomb Seoul's Kimpo International Airport, killing 14 people, in opposition to the Chinese reform efforts...

September 19th, 1986: Blue Velvet directed by David Lynch, starring Rebecca De Mornay and Willem Dafoe makes its hit debut...

September 20th, 1986: 4 Iranian Shiite terrorists bomb Turk Air 415 in Ankara, Turkey en route to Cyprus, killing 315 people,...

September 26th, 1986: Reporter David Hirst, The Guardian, is kidnapped by AMAL guerillas in Beirut, Lebanon,...

September 27th 1986: Nothing much happens to Metallica bass player Cliff Burton. On October 4th, the band's Damage Inc. tour continues in Helsinki, Finland.

October 3rd, 1986: Soviet K-219, Yankee-I class submarine sinks 480 miles east of Bermuda, under Captain Igor Britanov, killing 120 people, after an explosion in one of its nuclear missile tubes...

October 16th 1986: The International Olympic Committee chooses Lillehammer, Norway to be the host city of the 1992 Winter Olympics and Birmingham, UK to be the host city of the 1992 Summer Olympics. Also on this day, Alexander Barkashov forms the Russian National Unity (RNU) movement in Moscow in an effort to preserve "Russia for Russians"...

November 6th, 1986: President Ronald Reagan is diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland; CBS Correspondent Lesley Stahl reports the story...

November 13th, 1986: President Ronald Reagan addresses the nation about his medical diagnosis in a televised address in Washington D.C.,...

November 19, 1986: President Ronald Reagan decides to resign in light of his condition, afraid of how it will effect his Presidency.

November 20, 1986: George Bush is sworn in as President.

November 21, 1986: Bush picks his choice for VP Robert "Bob" Dole (R-KS), who is confirmed by Congress a few hours later.

****************

January 7th, 1987: Mahmud al-Mustafa, a Libyan dissident, calls for a "government-in-exile" during a rally in Athens, Greece; Also on this day, Members of Run DMC are placed under arrest in Los Angeles, California after burning an American flag during a concert,...

January 22nd, 1987: Soviet officials report a mutiny of cadets in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, as an attack by "Islamic fundamentalists"...

January 25, 1987: The Green Bay Packers beat the New York Giants 54-27 at Super Bowl XXI.

March 4, 1987: KGB agent Rudolf Abel defects to North Korea, intending to pass along several security secrets to the isolated Kim Il Sung regime.

March 9th, 1987: "Smoke Illusion" album by Amber McKlane makes its hit debut in 22 countries, internationally starting in New York City, New York. Her and the band Cinders and Smoke sign a record contract

March 21st, 1987: "Pyrotech" single by Cinders and Smoke makes its hit debut, becoming #1 in the United States,...

March 23rd, 1987: Martial law is declared by the government in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia under Prime Minister Branko Mikulić,...

March 29th, 1987: Plitvice Lakes Incident; Serbian nationalists clash with Croatian separtists in Plitvice Lakes, Croatia, Yugoslavia...

April 11th, 1987: Al Gore announces he will run for president.

April 12, 1987: Massive riots erupt in East Germany after a man is shot and killed by Volkspolizei in East Berlin. The government begins to crack under the pressure from the people.

April 13th, 1987: Gary Hart, a frontrunner for the Democratic nomination, officially announces he will run for president.

April 15th, 1987: Government of President Raúl Alfonsín is overthrown by military officers affiliated with the Carapintada movement under Aldo Rico in Buenos Aires, Argentina...

April 21st, 1987: Bill Clinton, after much pondering, announces he will run for president.

April 24th, 1987: Slobodan Milosevic calls for a "Greater Serbia" during a rally in Kosovo, Yugoslavia,...

May 6th, 1987: Poklonnaya Hill Riots; Communist Party Secretary Boris Yeltsin is beaten and hanged by Pamyat members for "Gorbachev's selling out the Russian people". Also on this day, Jesse Jackson declares his candidacy for the Democratic nomination.

May 15th, 1987: Ishtar starring Warren Beatty and Dustin Hoffman, makes its hit film debut,...

May 21st, 1987: Feeling that President Bush is not conservative enough, televangelist Pat Robertson becomes the first candidate to challenge him in the Republican primaries.

June 2nd, 1987: Sofia Riots; Riots erupt in Sofia, Bulgaria during student demonstration in honor of national hero, Christo Botev (1876)...

June 8, 1987: North Korean reformers take over in a military coup, installing a combination military/civilian transitional government with help from South Korea. Kim Il Sung and many of his cabinet members are killed in a bombing outside of Pyongyang, North Korea.

June 19, 1987: Due to a writer's strike Star Trek V is cancelled. Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home is the last Star Trek film featuring the original cast

June 26th, 1987: Bulgarian State Security (DS) fires on The Anarchist Youth Federation (F.A.M.) members in Sofia, Bulgaria, killing 8 people. Also on this day, Yussef Kherbigh, National Salvation Front of Libya (NSFL), calls for American recognition for a Libyan "government-in-exile" in Rome, Italy,..

July 2nd, 1987: Iranian ambassador Mohammed Razi is killed by a car bomb in Madrid, Spain,...

July 3, 1987: the new North Korean government wishes to start summits with the US as soon as possible.

July 6, 1989: The GDR is officially dissolved and merges with the FRG, whose capital is moved to a re united Berlin.

July 9, 1987: Riots begin in Czechoslovakia after the government refuses to meet workers' demands.

July 17th 1987 - Off the back of a successful re-election campaign, Margaret Thatcher announces she will seek a British shuttle in space by the year 2000. She names William Whitelaw as the first Minister for Space working out of the Ministry of Defence.

July 24th, 1987: Hezbollah takes credit for the bombing of Air Afrique over Geneva, Switzerland, killing 145 people,...

July 28th, 1987: Iranian exile Mansuri Mohammad Hasan announces hte formation of a "government-in-exile" in Istabul, Turkey,...

August 5th, 1987: Hollywood couple Matthew Broderick and Jennifer Grey are killed in a car accident while driving through Belfast, Northern Ireland...

August 7th, 1987: "Kiss-In" ; LGBT leaders lead a group of 75,000 people in a "kiss-in" during a rally in Picadilly Circus to protest anti-gay laws in London, England,...

August 17, 1987: The East German government, to the shock of the world, collapses after the Berlin politburo is destroyed in a multiple-fatality bombing in East Berlin.

August 18th, 1987: Sri Lankan President Junius Richard Jayewardene and Prime Minister Ranasinghe Premadasa are killed in a grenade attack in Jayawardenepura by PLF guerillas...

August 22,1987: The Czechoslovakian government is forced to hold elections to stop the riots in Prague. Also on this day, Cabbage Patch Kids: The Movie starring Mckenzie Astin, makes its hit debut,...

August 25th, 1987: Jennifer Dinoia establishes the "Curry-N-Hurry" franchise in Berkeley, California, specializing in Indo-Pakistani food....

August 27th, 1987: DJ Scott La Rock narrowly survives a shooting in South Bronx, New York, vowing to "fight the machine"...

September 2nd-3rd, 1987: Aziz Kelmendi leads Albanian in an ethnic rebellion in Leskovac, Serbia, Yugoslavia,....

September 3, 1987: Demonstrations in Kiev are violently crushed by Soviet troops, in response to the destabilization of the Warsaw Pact.

September 7, 1987: Xinjiang province in China explodes into revolution after Uyghur politician Nur Bekri calls for a "global jihad against communism" in Urumqi.

September 10, 1987: Soviet troops crush an attempted Islamist rebellion in Tajikistan.

September 11th, 1987: Fatal Attraction directed by Brian De Palma, starring Kim Bassinger and Mel Gibson, makes its hit debut...

September 12th, 1987: The Pretenders (NBC-TV) starring Amada Pays, makes its television series debut,...

September 13, 1987: Through reformers in the KGB and military, Gorbachev finds out about his signiture being forged in order for the uprisings to be crushed, to make it appear that he gave the orders.

September 13th- December 28th, 1987: NFL Players Strike; Super Bowl XXII is cancelled as a result; popular sentiment runs high against the players...

September 17th-22nd, 1987: Neo-Nazis spark race riots in Hoyerswerda, East Germany, ahead of Bundeswehr forces, sparking international tensions...

September 18th, 1987: 7.8 earthquake strikes Parkfield, California, c.12 people killed. Shockwaves are felt in San Francisco, California,...

September 20, 1987: Gorbachev makes a televized speech in Moscow, outing the forgers in the KGB and military, and also apologizes for the deaths. Also on this day, Cabbage Patch Kids: The Animated Series (CBS-TV), makes its hit television debut,...

September 24th 1987 - In light of the space program announcement, the BBC commissions a biopic of the now Major Nigel Wood, the first Briton in space. John Nettles is chosen for the part of Wood.

September 28th, 1987: Star Trek: The Next Generation (CBS-TV) Starring Jeffrey Combs as "Commander William Riker", Marina Sirtis as "Tasha Yar", Tim Russ as "Geordi La Forge", and Denise Crosby as "Deanna Troi", taking a darker tone than the original, reflecting the Cold War situation...

October 6th, 1987: The Spirit (NBC-TV) based on the comic by Will Eisner, starring Sam J. Jones and Nana Visitor, makes its hit television debut...

October 9th, 1987: The Princess Bride starring NFL player Bubba Smith and Carrie Fisher, makes its hit debut,...

October 13, 1987: As the Soviets appear to be unable to respond to the chaos in East Germany, the West German Bundeswehr moves into East Germany to stabilize.

October 17, 1987: Gorbachev harshly criticizes the West German move into East Germany, but makes no further response.

October 19th, 1987: Star Trek: The Next Generation (CBS-TV); The Ferengi are introduced as a threat to the federation, as a "corporate raider" society, based on bounty hunters (e.g. similar to the Mandalorians of OTL's Star Wars continuity)...

November 1, 1987: The first elections in 40 years are held in Czechoslovakia. The Charter 77 Group, led by Jiří Dienstbier, almost completely ousts the Communist Party. In response, the KPC refuses to relinquish power and declares the Charter 77 illegal.

November 3, 1987: The Czechoslovakian people rise up and fight the government, led by Dienstbier.

November 10, 1987: The Prague Politburo is captured by rioters and Jiří Dienstbier declares the Free Czechoslovak Republic in Prague.

November 29th, 1987: North Korean militants bomb a Korean Airlines flight out of Baghdad, killing 115 people...

December 1st, 1987: British ambassador John Gray is assassinated in Beirut, Lebanon, Hamas claims responsibility,...

December 12, 1987: After several production delays and a major re-write Superman IV: Peace In Our Time (formerly "The Quest For Peace") makes its debut. While not as successful as the first film, it is successful enough to convince Warner Bros. to buy back the rights from the Salkinds and contract Christopher Reeve to two more films.

December 18th, 1987: Leonard, Part 6 starring Bill Cosby makes its hit debut,...

December 20th, 1987: Iraqi ambassador Midhat al-Hiyali is assassinated in Athens, Greece by a group claiming to be part of the "Sons of Allah",...

****************

January 31, 1988: Super Bowl XXII: The Miami Dolphins defeat the reigning champions, the Green Bay Packers, 46-39.

March 7th, 1988: The Dictator (CBS-TV) starring Christopher Lloyd as a deposed dictator, makes its hit series debut,...

March 24th, 1988: The Adventures of Baron Munchausen directed by Terry Gilliam, starring Uma Thurman and John Neville, makes its hit debut...

March 29th, 1988: ANC leader Dulcie September exposes French links to the apartheid government in South Africa, during a press conference in Paris, France, embaraqssing French leaders,...

April 25th, 1988: Slovenian leaders Veljko Rus, France Bučar, Dimitrij Rupel, Veno Taufer, Milan Apih, Tine Hribar, Peter Jambrek, Janez Menart, and Tone Pavček announce plans for secession in Ljubljana, Slovenia, Yugoslavia,...

May 10th, 1988: 8.1 earthquake hits San Francisco, California killing 38 people, sparking national attention and concern,...

May 12, 1988: The Gennifer Flowers scandal is broken by Ted Koppel on Nightline (ABC-TV)

May 15th, 1988: Yugoslavian President Raif Dizdarević is assassinated in Belgrade, sparking nationalist sentiment...

May 16th, 1988: Yugoslavian Prime Minister Branko Mikulić is ousted in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia in a "no-confidence" vote,...

May 18th, 1988: Former SS-officer Josef Schwammberger leads a rally in Stuttgart, West Germany, further heating tensions between the two Germanies....

June 2, 1988: President Bush gives a campaign speech regarding "America's Future in Space" and the creation of the SEI commission

June 7, 1988: Richard Donner publicly expresses interest in returning to direct both Superman V and VI.

June 11th, 1988: Where's Rodney (ABC-TV) starring Rodney Dangerfield and Soleil Moon Frye, makes its hit debut...

June 15, 1988: The DNC becomes one of the most bitterly divided in recent memory. Gore and Hart have a strong following. Clinton and Jackson are probably acceptable for VP positions. After a tough primary season, the democratic nomination is decided. Al Gore receives the nomination for President with Governor of Arkansas Bill Clinton as his VP.

June 18th, 1988: Turkish President Halil Turgut Özal is assassinated by Kartal Demirağ in Ankara, Turkey; Prime Minister Yıldırım Akbulut is selected as successor...

June 20, 1988: Production on Superman V/VI begins with Richard Donner at the helm. Unlike with the Salkinds, Warner Bros. gives him greater creative control in hopes of emulating the success of the first film.

June 25th, 1988: Hillel Slovak, lead guitarist for the Red Hot Chili Peppers, is hospitalized after an overdose of EMC at a party in Los Angeles, California,...

July 4th, 1988: WWF wrestler Keith “Adrian Adonis” Franke survives a car crash at Lewisporte, Newfoundland...

July 14th, 1988: Hobgoblins directed by Rick Sloane, makes its hit film debut,...

July 17th, 1988: Actor Rob Lowe dies of a cocaine overdose in Marietta, Georgia, while campaigning for Al Gore, sparking national attention,...

August 12th, 1988: Mac & Me starring Paul Rudd and Christine Ebersole, despite many comparisons to E.T., the Extra-Terrestrial...

August 23rd-27th, 1988: Pro-Communist riots erupt in Rostock-Lichtenhagen, as East German residents clash with Bundswehr forces...

September 1, 1988: Gorbachev and Bush meet at Camp David, to discuss Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq, and the cold war.

September 18th, 1988: Judge Francis Young rules that EMC is "one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man", during a rauling in Washington D.C.,..

September 26th, 1988: Kimberly R. Powers quits the band Cinders and Smoke here citing "creative differences", and eventually goes onto to found "Endless Illusion

October 14th, 1988: "Free Will" (Jiyû Ishi) Movement is formed in Tokyo, Japan, in response to the rigid corporate and private school culture,...

October 19th, 1988: Croatian nationalist Nikola Štedul is assassinated by Yugoslavian agents in Kirkcaldy, Scotland...

October 24th, 1988: Sergey Baburina and Nikolay Pavlo call for a "National Salvation Front" government during a rally in Moscow, in direct opposition to Mikhail Gorbachev, claiming "he has sold us to the Zionist pigs"...

October 30th, 1988: "Anarchist Interurban" network is established in Gdansk and Warsaw, trafficking pro-democracy leaders along an underground network...

November 5, 1988: Election Day, nearly 40% of the electorate turn out to vote between Al Gore / Bill Clinton (D) or incumbent President George Bush / Bob Dole (R). Also on this day, Guy Fawkes Day Riots; Police clash with EMC (a.k.a. "smart drugs") users in London, England,...

November 9th, 1988: The Dark Beneath makes its hit film debut; starring Tony Todd, Brad Dourif, and Catherine Hicks,...

November 17th, 1988: Masters of Orion 2 makes its debut as a multiplayer video game in San Jose, California...

November 23rd, 1988: Fighting erupts between Communist and nationalist militias in Mölln, East Germany...

December 16th, 1988: Rain Man directed by Sydney Pollack, starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise, flops at the box office, amidst criticism that it is insulting to the mentally disabled...

*****************

January 1, 1989: The SEI delivers three proposals to the President. The Mars option, created by Engineer Robert Zubrin. The Lunar option, which advocates a second Apollo Series, or three a Space Station option to compete with Russia's MIR. All three call for the Shuttle's decommissioning by 1995, with a replacement vehicle picking up the slack. Also on this day, West German Chancellor Kohl announces plans for a reunited Germany by Jan 1, 1991.

January 5th 1989- Miami Vice gets renewed by NBC for another 5 Years, ensuring that the Duo enjoys a new lease on life. Furthermore, NBC also produces a spinoff for Miami Vice titled, Grand Theft Auto: Vice City. In the 1st of a successful series, we see the opposite side effect of the Crime Operation, starring Tommy Vercetti (Played by Ray Liotta) in the city of Miami as a drug leader working his way up. Running for 6 Seasons, GTA Vice City ends up a a sleeper hit, aided by the added musical section of the Miami Club Scene and its breathtaking intro of the city. From Season 1 onward, the ongoing arc of who stole his cocaine finally culminates in Season 3 with the death or Richard Diaz (Luis Guzman). Season 4-6 Deals with Vercetti's rise and the final season of 6 describes Vercetti holding against former friend Lance Vance (OOC: Not Thomas Obviously but instead a young Eddie Murphy). At the final episode, "Keep Your Friends Close". Everything falls for Vercetti.

January 9th, 1989: Late Night with Pat Sajak (CBS-TV) hosted by Pat Sajak, makes its hit debut in Hollywood, California

January 22, 1989: The San Francisco 49ers wins Super Bowl XXIII 34-23 against the New England Patriots.

February 22nd, 1989: DJ Jazzy Jeff and Fresh Prince lead a protest against the Grammys for their lack of a "rap/hip-hop" category....

March 16th, 1989: Slobodan Milošević seizes control of the government in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia,...

April 8th, 1989: Libertarian Riots; Police launch a crackdown on "Libertarian Days" festivities at the University of Frankfurt, West Germany...

April 11, 1989: Gorbachev condemns the actions by Russian nationalist groups, as well as the neo-nazi groups in Germany, and asks West and East German leaders to show restraint in dealing with these groups. He orders the Red Army to move on the nationalists as a last resort.

April 18th, 1989: Wei Hsueh-kang, convicted drug lord, establishes himself as a political boss of the Kuomingtang in Yunnan, China...

May 1: 1989: May Day riots. Riots break out across the Communist world, when protesters demanding free elections turn to violence after harsh reactions from authorities. The most notable riots were in Moscow, Leningrad, Beijing, Shanghai, Havana,East Berlin, Pyongyang, Hanoi, Saigon, Warsaw,Budapest,Bucharest, Belgrade, and Sofia.

May 16th, 1989: Ethiopian President Mengistu Haile Mariam is overthrown in a military coup in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by senior members of the military...

May 29th, 1989: Neo-Nazis firebomb homes in Solingen, East Germany,...

June 1st, 1989: Doctor Jonas Salk announces the vaccine for the AIDS/HIV virus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania...

June 8th, 1989: Dani Bolognesi of Duke University of Durham, North Carolina announces similar medical results regarding an AIDS/HIV vaccine...

June 9, 1989, Gorbachev advises Ceausescu of Romania and several other elderly and Stalinist Communists to step down.

June 12, 1989: Gorbachev appoints a new committee. East Germany is lost.

June 20, 1989: Matt Groening pitches a new series to James L. Brooks, a sci-fi series called Futurama. It goes on to become the longest running animated, and sitcom show in American history.

June 23rd, 1989: Batman directed by Joe Dante, starring Mel Gibson as "Bruce Wayne", Sean Young as "Vicki Vale", Ray Liotta as "Harvey Dent", and Robin Williams as "Joker"; Also on this day, Luis Posada Carriles launches a series of covert guerilla campaigns aimed at overthrowing the government in Havana, Cuba...

June 27th, 1989: Right-wing activist Saburo Ienaga proclaims that the "end is near" for the Chinese Communist government during a rally in Tokyo, Japan,...

June 28th, 1989: Fighting erupts in Gazimestan, Kosovo, Yugoslavia, as Serbian militias launch attacks into Bosnia-Hercegovina,...

July 4, 1989: President Bush visits Moscow. At the summit the German compromise, which reunifies Germany. Soviet forces are freed up to contain Eastern Europe.

July 13th, 1989: 8.1 earthquake in Tokyo, Japan triggered by a underwater volcano; government officials report c. 318 people killed,...

July 14, 1989: Iraqi strong man Saddam Hussein is assassinated by Iranian agents leading to resumption in hostilities in the Iran-Iraq war

August 1st, 1989: Ambassador Živorad Kovačević defects to the United States amidst civil war erupting in Yugoslavia,...

August 10, 1989: China belatedly condemns North Korea's response to May Day, bowing to international pressure

August 17, 1989: A mob of 1,500,000 angry demonstrators stormed the streets of Beijing demanding that the government step down and have free and fair elections. The politburo was shocked when over half of the PLA walked away and sided with the revolutionaries, bringing their weapons with them.

August 18, 1989: An armed mob of 50,000 stormed the Chinese Politburo and the People's Congress. The crowd roundesd up all the top 150 party officials, heald a show trial on charges of Crimes against the Chinese People, convicted, and summarily executed them all.

August 19, 1989: A group of 10 top PLA Officers who were part of the "18 August Revolution" took control of the fledgling nation and promised elections would be held in December of 1990 to give Parties time to form and a constitution to be written that would Satisfy the Chinese people.

August 20th, 1989: Doctor Jonas Salk announces positive results regarding a vaccine for AIDS/HIV viruses in Montreal, Quebec, sparking attention throughout international community...

September 4, 1989: The breakout success of Batman (and unexpected success of Superman IV) prompt WB executives to consider teaming up their two biggest heroes for a project called "World's Finest".

October 3rd, 1989: General Moises Giroldi overthrows the government of Manuel Noriega in Panama City Panama. Also on this day, Right-wing activst Saburo Ienaga sparks controversy after suggesting that Japan's SDF should deploy peace-keeping forces into China, during an interview on NHK-TV,...

October 7th, 1989: Anarchist Riots erupt in London, England...

October 13th, 1989: Right-wing activist Saburo Ienaga calls leaders of the Japanese Diet "moral cowards" for "bowing to the Americans" regarding unrest in China,...

October 28th, 1989: San Francisco Giants led by Matt Williams beat the Oakland A's in Game 6 of the World Series at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California,...

November 14th, 1989: MP Shintaro Ishihara is elected head of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) in Tokyo, Japan,...

November 24th, 1989: Due to the collapse of government safety measures and poor Soviet construction, the nuclear power plant at Greifswald, East Germany suffers a massive nuclear meltdown,...

November 25th, 1989: Arsenio Hall Show (FOX-TV) host Arsenio Hall, marries singer Paula Abdul, in Los Angeles, California, sparking tabloid attention...

November 30th, 1989: Masters of Orion 2 is released with an Internet playing mode, allowing real-time multi-player ability...

December 9th, 1989: Masters of Orion 2 real-time strategy multi-player video game expansion, makes its hit debut in San Jose, California...

December 10th, 1989: Doctor Robert Gallo calls upon the FDA to speed up reasearch regarding the AIDS/HIV vaccine in Saint Louis, Missouri,...

December 13, 1989: During an interview promoting the anti-nuclear power movement in the wake of "Greifswald Disaster", Helen Slater reveals that she will reprise her role as Supergirl in Superman V. (Scheduled for release December 1990 with VI released Summer 1991) Ultimately culminating in dissension within the DC Comics fanbase because of the character's death during "Crisis on Infinite Earths" three years prior.

December 25th, 1989: Baseball manager Billy Martin narrowly survives a car accident outside of Johnson City, New York; Also on this day, Musician Frankie D. Reynholm (nicknamed FDR) records his first album titled "Roll the Die of Power" at his workplace, after hours. Later at Microsoft, his former Office would be called the Reynholm Lab.

December 30th, 1989: DEA Director John Lawn warns that EMC drug usage should be monitored, during a speech in Washington D.C.,...

***********

January 1, 1990: Rioters take to the streets of Havana and storm the presidential Palace and hang Castro and his brother, along with the top 10 party officials and generals.

January 13th, 1990: Tibetan nationalists led by Sengchen Lobsang Gyaltsen detonate an improvised explosive device (IED) along the Qinghai-Tibet Highway, in an effort to demand independence...

January 17, 1990: After growing unrest across The Soviet Union Gorbachev orders all Soviet troops back into the Soviet Union to Maintain Order.

January 18th, 1990: Members of the Tasilhunpo Monastery are held responsible for a bombing in Lhasa, Tibet,..

January 28, 1990: Super Bowl XXIV: The Pittsburgh Steelers defeat the Philadelphia Eagles in an extremely close game, 44-42, after triple over time.

February 6th, 1990: On the 79th birthday of former President Ronald Reagan, conservative leaders led by Alexander M. Haig and Harold Stassen call upon hte Nobel Prize Committee to nominate Ronald Reagan for "bringing an end to world communism"....

February 22nd, 1990: Massive flooding in Baton Rouge, Lousiana; costing millions of dollars in property damage,...

February 24th, 1990: Publisher Malcolm Forbes comes out of the closet as bisexual in New York City, New York...

March 2nd, 1990: EMC-enthusiast Steve Jackson is arrested by Secret Service agents in Austin, Texas, amidst rumors of EMC-trafficking,...

March 13th, 1990: Doctor Jonas Salk conducts mass vaccination for AIDS/HIV virus in Akron, Ohio,...

March 15th, 1990: Premier Mikhail Gorbachev angrily denounces Western criticism of his handling of the crises in Eastern Europe by Western leaders stating, "What hypocrites you are!! You continue to support the apartheid regime in South Africa, you allowed Neo-Nazis to run rampant in East Germany, you've backed the military dictatorships in the Philippines, and you have backed the terrorist states of Iran and Iraq. Shame on you!!"

March 18th, 1990: Tibetan nationalists bomb the Communist Party headquarters in Lhasa, Tibet, demanding independence,...

April 22nd, 1990: General Gideon Orkar overthrows the government of General Ibrahim Babangida in Lagos, Nigeria,...

May 1, 1990: on the 1st Anniversary of the May Day Riots Rioters accross the Eastern Bloc violently overthrow their Communist Governments after mass Army Desertions. Also on this day, Andy Swallow begins the active distribution of EMC (a.k.a. "smart drugs") in London, England,...

May 24th 1990 - In light of growing discontent, Margaret Thatcher resigns as British Prime Minister and is succeeded on June 4th by Health Secretary Ken Clarke.

May 26th, 1990: Alija Izetbegović, leader of the Party of Democratic Action (PDA) seizes control of the government in Sarajevo, calling for independence for Bosnia-Hercegovina...

June 1, 1990: Taiwan announces that they will rejoin the re established Republic of China and vote in the upcoming elections. On the same day a new constitution is announced that creates a bicameral legislative branch, creates a presidency, and judiciary. Most Observers noted that the new Constitution is just the US Constitution written in Chinese. The Constitution also contains the right to free speech.

June 13th, 1990: Len Bias leads the Boston Celtics, beating the Los Angeles Lakers, 105-97, in Los Angeles, California...

July 4, 1990: Iranian forces capture Bagdhad close to a year after the assasination of Saddam Husein.

July 8th, 1990: Planned peace talks between South Korea and North Korea collapse after the death of North Korean leader Kim Jong Ryul in Pyongyang...

July 18th, 1990: ANC leader Nelson Mandela is assassinated during an anti-apartheid rally in Johannesburg, South Africa, causing civil unrest and violence nationwide,...

July 19th, 1990: Who Discovered Roger Rabbit (a.k.a. Toon Platoon) directed by Robert Zemeckis, makes its hit debut,...

July 27th, 1990: Jamaat al Muslimeen under the leadership of Yasin Abu Bakr, overthrows the government in Trinidad and Tobago, sparking anti-Islamic sentiment in the region,...

September 4th, 1990: Hurricane Hugo devastates Pensacola, Florida, costing billions of dollars in property damage,...

September 20, 1990: The Flash starring John Wesley Shipp debuts on NBC, dazzling audiences with its advanced visual effects and longtime fans with its adherence to the source material.

September 24th, 1990: Star Trek: The Next Generation "Captain Jean-Luc Picard" (Patrick Stewart) sacrifices himself to save humanity; rumors abound that Stewart left the series after contract dispute.

September 26th, 1990: Serbian forces launch attacks in Pakrac, Petrinja and Sisak, sparking national attention,...

November 6, 1990: Dianne Feinstein defeats Pete Wilson for the California governorship.

November 9th, 1990: The Dark Beneath II: The Bloodening , the sequel to The Dark Beneath, makes its hit debut, starring Heather Langenkamp

November 15, 1990: The Flash two-parter "Of Two Worlds" draws in a record audience retelling the classic story where the Flash teams up with his otherworldly counterpart, Jay Garrick played by Harrison Ford.

November 22, 1990: UK Prime Minister Ken Clarke narrowly wins the Conservative leadership election, 224-132.

November 28th, 1990: MP John Major warns that political isolation of South Africa is the "wrong path", during a speech before the House of Commons...

December 3rd, 1990: 8.1 earthquake hits along the New Madrid Fault Zone in New Madrid, Missouri, causing massive amounts of damage and destruction,...

December 14, 1990: Superman V (later subtitled "The Fall of Brainiac") hits theaters and stuns audiences with an unexpected twist of Ron Perlman's appearance as Orion at the film's conclusion. The film surpasses the first in terms of success, and the scene where Orion crashes to Earth and utters "Darkseid is." is considered an iconic scene by critics.

December 17th, 1990: Tensions rise on the Korean Peninsula, after North Korean military forces shoot down an American F-18 over Pyongyang, killing CWOs David Hilemon and Bobby Hall....

December 18, 1990: China Votes. The KMT takes 1500 out of 2000 seats in the Chinese House of Representatives, and 300 of 500 in the Chinese House of Delegates.

December 25th, 1990: Tibetan nationalists brutally murder government officials in Lhasa, Tibet stating, "We will accept nothing less than complete independence..."

*************

January 22nd, 1991: Murphy's Show syndicated show hosted by Eddie Murphy, comedy show makes its hit debut...

January 24th, 1991: Democratic activist Wang Dan warns of corruption within the government, during a speech in Beijing, China,...

February 27th, 1991: Police officials in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil report EMC labs in the favelas,...

March 4th, 1991: Democratic leader Xu Jiatun warns of the corruption within the Kuomingtang, during a speech in Beijing, China...

March 23rd, 1991: Lee Siu-kei aided by Yip Kai-foon launches a series of riots in Hong Kong and Shanghai, in an effort to silence opponents of the Kuomingtang government,...

April 3rd, 1991: Triad boss Tung Kuei-sen establishes himself as a political boss in Taipei, Taiwan,...

April 4, 1991: UK general election leads to a Labour majority government led by Neil Kinnock. Margaret Thatcher resigns the Conservative leadership and announces her retirement at the next election.

April 6th 1991 - Governor Bill Clinton announces he will run for President, Tom Harkin suspends his own campaign to support Clinton

May 7th, 1991: Thai government officials defend their record despite 2,274 people being killed over 3 months,...

June 1, 1991: Former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi returns to office after an 18-month absence with an overall majority of 30 in the Lok Sabha.

June 12th 1991 - Governor Mario Cuomo of New York announces he will run for President in 1992

June 14th-19th, 1991: Rebellious Red Army factions take hostage hospital in Budyonnovsk, Russia, threatening to execute patients unless political prisoners are released...

June 19th 1991- In the midst of the Uwe Boll Riots in LA based on the horrible mutilation of him, NBC releases a Pilot dubbed GTA San Andreas. Running for 5 Years, (Think San Andreas Expanded). GTA : SA later ends on a tragic note, as actor Tupac Shakur, playing as Carl Johnson was shot 6 times in the heart though later miraculously survived.

June 21, 1991: Superman VI: Darkseid Ascendant debuts in theaters and continues the storyline from the previous film. Several Justice League members from the comics like "Hal Jordan" and "Oliver Queen" make appearances in their civilian identities. Even Mel Gibson makes a brief cameo as the Batman, raising fans' hopes for a full Superman/Batman feature.

June 23rd, 1991: Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis starring Harrison Ford and Julianne Moore, makes its hit debut, the fourth installment in the franchise,....

June 24th, 1991: "Zeppelin Punk" album by Cinders and Smoke is released in the United States, with the introduction of Scott P. Stills into the band, announced in San Francisco, California,...

June 26th, 1991: Judge Milton Maron launches a campaign to crackdown on EMC, by launching a public campaign against "geek chic" in Los Angeles, California,....

July 4, 1991: Federal Republic of Cuba (a nation formed after the successful protests against Communism) falls under the control of the National Cuban parties, and its leader Juanita Chavez.

July 11th-22nd, 1991: Srebrenica Massacre; Serbian forces launch a brutal ethnic cleansing against Bosnians in Srebrenica, Yugoslavia...

July 22nd, 1991: 7.9 earthquake devastates Tehran, Iran, killing 4,584 people, sparking calls for humanitarian aid,...

August 19, 1991: several Soviet anti-communist groups and Red Army deserters storm a Politburo meeting, arresting Gorbachev and most of the others.

August 20, 1991: In the largest mass Execution in history Gorbachev and 499 other Party officials were publicly hanged at 12 noon Moscow time for crimes against Humanity.

August 21,1991: Top leaders in the "19 August Revolution" Declare the USSR dissolved. Also on this day, General Gennady Yanayev, Chairman of the Soviet Defense Council proclaims representation of the "true government of the Soviet peoples..."

August 22nd, 1991: President George H.W. Bush condemns the "19 August Revolution" as an "act of terrorism" during a televised speech in Washington D.C.,...

August 23, 1991: Canadian Prime Minister, Brian Mulroney also makes a strongly worded condemnation of the August 19 revolutionaries, labeling them "vigilantes and butchers with no place in civilized society."

August 24, 1991: John Major wins the Conservative leadership to become Leader of the Opposition.

August 25th, 1991: CIA Director William Webster briefs President George H.W. Bush that the danger lies in a "nuclear civil war" within the Soviet Union, between those supporting the Communists and those supporting the "19 August Revolution"....

August 28th, 1991: Spetsnaz forces seize control of the Politburo, killing leaders of the "19 August Revolution" in Moscow, USSR...

August 30th, 1991: The Dark Beneath III: Amputee Hookers, the sequel to The Dark Beneath II: The Bloodening makes its hit debut, starring Adrienne King

September 3rd, 1991: General Gennady Yanayev, launches a televised vowing to "bring to justice the butchers of Moscow" during a televised speech from an undisclosed military base. U.N. officials estimate c. 3,126,424 people in Moscow (9/1) have been killed by the rebels in the worst act of international terrorism.

September 4th, 1991: President George H.W. Bush calls upon the international community to condemn the actions of the "19 August Revolution". The United Nations Security Council unanimously passes Resolution #1518 condemning the actions of the rebels.

September 9th, 1991: Jewish leaders celebrating Rosh Hashanah, condemn the "butchers of Moscow" as the perpetrators of a "New Holocaust" during a speech in Leningrad; Also on this day, Christopher Reeve announces his retirement as Superman citing "six is enough" and is instead looking at pursuing a career in directing

September 13th 1991 - As George Bush is barred from running for President in the 1992 election due to the 22nd Amendment, Vice President Robert Dole announces his Presidential campaign.

September 14th, 1991: Julian Beck, one of the actors of the The Dark Beneath franchise, dies of stomach cancer, sparking fears of a curse on the franchise,...

September 17th, 1991: Massive brush fires are reported in California, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico,...

September 18th, 1991: Triad boss Cheung Chi Keung establishes himself as a political boss in Guangzhou, China,...

October 21st, 1991: Baćin Massacre; Serbian troops massacre every villager in Baćin, Croatia ...

November 1st 1991- The Longest Running Romance Comedy Show Plumbers Don't Wear Ties" is given its First Movie. The show, orginating in the 1989 Pilot on NBC staring Jeanne Basone as Jane is showing her exploits, such as her and John (Edward J. Foster) and the Narrator Harry Armis and the dreaded boss Thresher (Paul Bokor). At first, the show is considered to be a horrible idea, but amazingly, nearly 72 Million Viewers watch the Premiere Episode (In no short part due to a movement in the Grunge and Neo Miami Vice Movement), which famously had Jane and John nearly being involved in a Job Interview/Rape/Killing/Chase/Price Is Right Bidding for Jane against Thresher. The Uncensored Version of Plumbers Don't Wear Ties can be found in a select infamous moment here (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtDGJxMKm64). After the 1st episode, the Show was given a 3 Year Contract extension, which included many famous episodes in the first 13 Episodes such As the Following:

-Harry Armis vs. Chicago Senator and host of Oprah: Oprah Winfrey for the control of the story

-Harry Armis bickering at you while Tom Brokaw announces that "The Claw" has died

-Thresher trying to have his way with Jane

- John trying to have his way with Jane

-Pop Music Sensation Michael Jackson famously appearing when to his tune "Billie Jean" bids on Jane for $5 Billion.

This show has even spawned the highest grossing Video Game of All Time on the SNES with 117 Million Buys.

November 1st, 1991: Kuomingtang boss Yip Kai-foon is ruled innocent of charges of extortion and racketeering in Shanghai, despite video evidence...

November 4, 1991: 9 nuclear warheads go missing. Soviet General Gennady Yanayev calls President George H.W. Bush about the missing nukes.

November 5, 1991: the nuclear terror strikein Moscow in fact does the opposite of the revolutionaries intention. It galvanizes communists across asia, leading to a severe backlash against the revolutionaries. In Pravda in an anonymous interview on revolutionary, "I was for revolution and the end of the Ussr until my supposed comrades used a nuke in Moscow to destroy the kremlin and thousands of civilians. I re-enlisted, I will serve in the Soviet army with honor, even if I wind up going to Afghanistan"

November 6th 1991 - Senator Arlen Specter announces he will challenge the Vice President for the Republican nomination

November 10, 1991: "19 August" reveals anarchist connections and says it will strike all over the world with the Nukes they stole.

November 14, 1991: The body of an agent working for the Canadian Security Intelligence Service found washed ashore on Vancouver, British Columbia. Though the man's identity is kept secret from the public, Canadian officials uncovered that he was spying on a weapons smuggling ring operating from the Soviet-Chinese border until his cover was compromised.

November 18,1991: In one of the worst acts of terrorism, the 9 cities massacre plot is uncovered and stopped. The Washington DC nuke is discovered after the terrorists killed a METRO maintenance worker, Capitol police found the bomb before detonation. In New York, the truck the highjackers were using to get into Manhattan got into a car crash, and the bomb is detonated in the Lincoln tunnel.In Tokyo, the yakuza in fact disrupt the terrorists, while they are planting the bomb, a nuclear bomb being far beyond the league of a yakuza gang, call in the police, and the bomb is recovered.In London, the Bomb is driven in on a truck into Trafalgar Sqaure, and the lead terrorist was holding a suicide switch. After reading a manifesto he let go the switch... and nothing happened... The nuke was a dud.
In Berlin, the bomb detonated near Potsdam Airport
In Toronto, the bomb is discovered and defused.
In Mecca, the bomb detonated near the Kabba... The Holiest site in Islam was obliterated by the bomb.

November 19th, 1991: Black Tuesday; With the destruction of New York City by nuclear terrorism, the U.S. Stock Exchange crashes, falling 1258.25 points within 6 hours in panic selling.

November 20th, 1991: Vukovar Massacre; Croatian and Serbian guerillas launch a brutal ethnic campaign against each other in the confusion caused the nuclear incidents...

November 24th, 1991: Hezbollah leaders begin spreading the conspiracy theory that Israel sponsored the "9 Cities Massacre" during a rally in Beirut, Lebanon,...

December 1st, 1991: The Pacific Stock Exchange in San Francisco, California as the new financial hub for the United States with the top 12 brokerage houses establishing office in the Financial District;

December 17th, 1991: In the aftermath of the "9 Cities Massacre" President George H.W. Bush calls for a "new world order" during a speech in Geneva, Switzerland...

December 20th, 1991: Doctor Luc Montagnier, Pasteur Institute, warns people that the AIDS/HIV vaccine will not be available in France until at least 1997; Also on this day, "Concert for New York City and Los Angeles" is launched in Trenton, New Jersey with performances by Bruce Springsteen, Bon Jovi, Billy Joel, Elton John, Whitney Houston and Paul McCartney,....

December 21st, 1991: "America: A Tribute for Heroes" telethon hosted by Harrison Ford, Robin Williams, Billy Crystal, and Whoopi Goldberg, is launched in Los Angeles, California to raise money for relief efforts and the reconstruction of the cities...

December 21st, 1991: "United We Stand: Concert for the World" is established at Wembley Stadium in London, with performances by David Bowie, U2, The Who, Phil Collins, et al. to raise money for relief efforts in Berlin and Moscow,...

************

January 1, 1992: General Gennady Yanaydev Requests help from President Bush and NATO to secure the Soviet nuclear arsenal. Both Agree to put aside their differences in order to combat the threat of Global terror posed by 19 August and other groups.

January 3, 1992: Despite the best efforts of the Federal Reserve and the US Government to move the financial backbone of the country to San Francisco, the economy is now in a deep recession (This will persist until 1996)

January 6th 1992- GTA Vice City Stories, a movie ends up released in theaters. Noted as a prequel from 1984, the movie stars healthy Left Fielder for the Yankees Bo Jackson as Victor Vance. (Same Story as OTL); Also on this day, Eduard Shevardnadze is assassinated in Tblisi, Georgia, USSR fueling nationalist sentiment in the region,...

January 9th-18th, 1992: Soviet military forces launch raids against rebels in Kizlyar, Pervomayskoye and Sovetskoye, Dagestan...

January 15th, 1992: Iranian forces have captures Basra, Mosul, Flaujah, and Kirkuk.

February 1st, 1992: Comic book artists that include veterans Neal Adams, Bob Layton, George Perez, Barry Windsor-Smith along with superstars Jim Lee and Todd MacFarlane form Awesome Comics in an effort to meet the market needs for comics in the aftermath of the "9 Cities Massacre"...

February 4th, 1992: President Carlos Andrés Pérez is overthrown in a military coup by General Hugo Chavez in Caracas, Venezuela,...

February 5th, 1992: Muslim guerillas bomb a bus carrying government workers in Urumqi, Xinjiang, demanding independence for the region...

February 8th, 1992: In the wake of the "9 Cities Massacre", President Bush passes the Telecommunications Act of 1992, granting the government broad oversight powers over the Internet,...

February 8th-23rd,1992- XVI Winter Olympic Games are held in Sofia, Bulgaria, highlighting unity efforts by the United States and the Soviet Union. Highlights:
* South Africa still banned

February 9th 1992 - Clinton and Dole win the Iowa caucuses

February 15th, 1992: Congress passes the NII Copyright Protection Act in Washington D.C., imposing heavy fines and criminal sentences for the copy and transmission of digital material, angering many civil libertarians,...

March 1st 1992 - After successive defeats, both Bob Kerrey and Arlen Specter withdraw from the race. Dole becomes the presumptive GOP nominee

March 17th, 1992: Andries Treurnicht is elected Prime Minister in a whites-only national referendum, in Johannesburg, South Africa,...

March 28th, 1992: The Economist reports that EMC, the "smart drug" should be legalized, despite concerns about its safety,...

March 31st, 1992: "Body Count" by Cop Killer makes its hit debut, protesting the policies of the Bush administration,...

April 2nd, 1992: President George H.W. Bush calls for the formation of "citizen militias" to defend against possible terrorism, as "part of the proud tradition of the Minutemen..." during a speech in Des Moines, Iowa...

April 5th, 1992: President Alberto Fujimori is ousted in a military coup by General Jaime Salinas Sedó in Lima, Peru...

April 7th, 1992: Today Show (NBC-TV) host Bryant Gumbel appears on Murphy's Show, doing a skit wherein he portrays himself as a gangster, with the catchphrase,"I'm Bryant Gumbel, B@#$"

April 9th, 1992: Jerusalem Post reports that Iran plans to obtain Soviet nuclear weapons, sparking concern about a regional conflict,...

April 14th 1992 - After a bitter primary campaign, Governor Bill Clinton becomes the presumptive Democratic nominee

April 25th, 1992: Hamas terrorists bomb Israeli settlements in Afula and Hadera, killing 18 people, injuring 80 people, in what many call an attempt to "restore the balance" after the "9 Cities Massacre".

May 5, 1992: Due to the Corruption rampant in China, and the US navy running around the Atlantic helping reconstruction and refugees from the 9 cities massacre, Various pirate groups organize coups in many south pacific nations overwhelming the military. Fiji becomes a "Pirate Nation"

May 12, 1992: The Economica National Security Act is passed creating better emergency contingencies for the economic backbone of America. Preliminary secondary sites for the Economic Capital should San Francisco ever be destroyed is Chicago, followed by Boston then Seattle.

May 13th, 1992: Li Hongzhi leads rally in Changchun, calling for an end to the monopoly of power held by the Kuomingtang,...

May 30th, 1992: European Economic Community establishes the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Paris, France...

May 31st, 1992: Ambassador Luis Miguel Beleza of Portugal, warns Central and Eastern European of a "Franco-German" hegemony within the European Union...

June 10, 1992: In an event which soon becomes known as the June Revolution, Islamist groups across Xinjiang province in China, the Tajik SSR, the Uzbek SSR, the Turkmen SSR, the Kazakh SSR and the Causcasus in the Soviet Union all rise up in revolt agains their communists masters after rumours circulate of Soviet involvement in the destruction of Mecca.

June 18th, 1992: Eddie Murphy sparks controversy by supporting Bill Cosby, over comments condemning African-American usage of the "n-word"...

June 19, 1992: The Batman Strikes directed by Joe Dante debuts in theater starring Dolph Lundgren as Mr. Freeze and Danny DeVito as the Penguin.

June 28th, 1992: PM Kiichi Miyazawa sparks international controversy after visiting the Yasukini Shrine in Tokyo, Japan.

July 7th, 1992 the last elements of the Iraqi army surender at Turkrit.

July 13th, 1992: Awesome commands 9.73% of the market share of comics, becoming one of the fastest growing companies in America.

July 14th, 1992: Iran annexes Iraq and forms the United Islamic Caliphate in Tehran (UIC).

July 18th, 1992: Author Jean-Charles Brisard claims to have evidence that the "9 Cities Massacre" was part of a conspiracy in Paris, France...

July 25th-August 9th, 1992- XXV Summer Olympic Games are held in Birmingham, Great Britain, amidst concerns of a possible Irish Republican Army (IRA) attack. Highlights:
* South Africa still banned
* American Swimmer Michael Atchens sparks controversy by attempting to swim nude. His placing is not recorded, although he would have only placed 6th in the 200m breaststroke

July 28th, 1992: Joints Chiefs of Staff meet with President George H.W. Bush warning him against invading the United Islamic Caliphate (UIC) during a briefing at Camp David....

August 2, 1992: The 9th Circuit court of appeals rules in Martinez v. State of California that the State police was abridging Martinez's right to freedom of speech and expression, when he was arrested following the protest for indecent exposure. Nudism is now considered a legal form of protest in the state of California

August 14th, 1992: Awesome surpasses both Marvel and DC Comics for market share and sales, despite predictions by industry leaders.

August 17th, 1992: Citizen's Militia leader James "Bo" Gritz opens the Republican National Convention in Houston, Texas,....

August 22, 1992: Soviet troops manage to reconquer the Tajik SSR and the Uzbek SSR. However, the now-declared Islamic Republics of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and the Caucasus remain free.

September 2nd, 1992: Andrew Martinez (a.k.a. "the Naked Guy") achieves national attention by popularizing "naturist (nudist) lifestyle" in Berkeley, California...

September 7th, 1992: George W. Bush, son of President George H.W. Bush is named Major League Baseball (MLB) Commissioner

September 8th, 1992: Syndicated talk show host Parker Dashwood makes her television debut

September 16th, 1992: Tensions rise in Bonn, West Germany as Red Army Faction (RAF) members threaten to bomb the Federal Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development, amidst austerity measures,...

September 18th, 1992: Andrew Martinez leads the Nude & Breast Freedom Parade in Berkeley, California...

October 5th, 1992: NATO officials announce plans for the privatization of resources in Berlin, Germany, sparking riots throughout Central and Eastern Europe; Also on this day, The Caribbean Coast returns to piracy due to Chavez lax attitude regarding pirates (and in fact taking large bribes to allow pirate raiders to dock in Cuba)

October 14, 1992: James Cameron begins on production of Spider-Man, which later becomes one of the most expensive films in history. Rumors persist that Cameron took considerable liberties with the property.

October 17th, 1992: EMC-enthusiast Gary Gygax begins trafficking via the Internet, from Lake Geneva, Wisconsin,....

October 23rd, 1992: Kimberly Powers launches her first musical single "insert title here", becoming a pop icon almost overnight; Also on this day, Vice- President Bob Dole meets with Christian fundamentalist preacher Pete Peters at the "Rocky Mountain Rendezvous" in Estes Park, Colorado,...

October 28th, 1992: Saleh Shehadeh, head of Hamas Izzeldin-El Kassam armed brigades, launches a series of attacks against the Israeli West Bank, demanding a Palestinian state.

November 3, 1992: Bob Dole Defeats Bill Clinton 300-238.

November 9th, 1992: United Nations officials warn of South Africa's nuclear weapons program, citing laboratories at Gauteng and Koeberg, South Africa,...

November 16th, 1992: President George H.W. Bush issues Executive Order #12170 declaring a "National Emergency With Respect to Iran" in Washington D.C.,...

November 21st, 1992: The All People's Coalition begins reporting conspiracy theories about the "9 Cities Massacre" in San Francisco, California,...

November 26th, 1992: Battletoads (Syndicated) animated series based on the video game, makes its hit television debut,...

November 27th, 1992: Associated Press (AP) journalist Evan C. Hunziker is executed as a spy by North Korean authorities...

December 1st, 1992: Strasbourg Riots; Food riots erupt in Strasbourg, France as NATO forces stop French and German aid trucks headed to Germany, amidst rumors of a nuclear terrorist attack...

December 24, 1992: In what becomes known in the USSR as the Christmas Humiliation, the Soviets are forced to make peace with and recognize the Caucasus, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan as free nations.

December 25th, 1992: UIC forces invade, capture, and annex Kuwait in only 12 hours. US forces in the area are on alert, but are unable to do much since the US is still recovering from the 9 Cities Massacre.

**************

January 1, 1993: Xinjiangese revolutionaries finally force all Chinese troops out of their claimed territory, and declare the Islamic Republic of East Turkestan. Also on this day, President Hosni Mubarrak is assassinated, Egypt falls into chaos. Also on this day, Awesome enters into the publishing, forgoing Malibu and Diamond companies.

January 12th, 1993: Kimberly Powers launches her debut album in New York City, New York...

January 19, 1993: China is forced to make peace with and recognize East Turkestan after failing to recapture it.

February 5, 1993: After learning of Islamic victory in East Turkestan, the Indian government under President Shankar Dayal Sharma authorizes a program to begin training and arming Tibetan exiles in India led by the Dalai Lama. The Lama himself endorses this plan as a way to free his nation from Chinese rule.

February 9th, 1993: Talk show host Parker Dashwood sparks controversy, after airing an episode from Forsyth County, Georgia, where no colored people have been allowed to live since 1912.

February 15th, 1993: c. 350,000 people protest against the possibility of war against the United Islamic Caliphate in San Francisco, California; Also on that day c.1,500,000 people protest against American invasion in London, England,...

February 18th, 1993: Flash floods hit San Diego and Ventura, California, 2 people killed, millions lost in property damage,...

February 23rd, 1993: Musician FDR makes his first commercial success with the song "Naughty Librarian girl, run your fingers down my spine"

February 26th, 1993: Fundamentalist cleric Omar Abdul-Rahman emerges as the leader Islamic fundamentalist movement in Cairo, Egypt,...

March 13th, 1993: MP Shōichi Nakagawa sparks controversy, after declaring that the Japanese military intervention in China and Korea is a "security necessity"...

March 15th, 1993: Gamaa al Islamiya launches anti-Israeli rallies in Cairo, Alexandria, et al., calling for an end to "American-Israeli occupation" of the region...

March 17, 1993: Warner Bros. announce pre-production of the long anticipated "Superman/Batman: World's Finest" film slated for release Winter 1995. Though Mel Gibson is signed to portray Batman one last time, no director is attached as of yet nor is anyone cast as Reeve's replacement for Superman.

March 18th, 1993: United Islamic Caliphate launches SCUD missiles into Tel Aviv, Israel and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,...

March 19th 1993: President Robert Dole addresses the nation, declaring war on the United Islamic Caliphate (UIC) for "crimes against humanity"...

March 29th, 1993: Battle of Khafji; Allied forces battle against United Islamic Caliphate forces in Khafji, Saudi Arabia,...

March 30th, 1993: Defense Secretary Thomas Friedman warns of a nuclear weapons program by the UIC, during a speech before the United Nations Security Council in New York City, New York,...

April 6th, 1993: Warsaw Riots; anti-American/ anti-European riots erupt in Warsaw, Poland over the purchase of the banks by French, German and American interests,...

April 9th, 1993: Liberation of Iraq proclaimed by President Robert Dole, during a speech aboard the U.S.S. Nimitz,....

April 13th, 1993: Polish nationalist Janusz Walus reveals South African aid to anti-Communist guerillas in Eastern Europe, creating a diplomatic incident,...

April 30th, 1993: EMC (a.k.a. "smart drugs") are used by c.50,000 at the "Tribal Gathering" at Warminster, near Bath, England,...

May 13, 1993: A Muslim theocratic government is founded in Cairo.

May 15th, 1993: Eddie Murphy tells Source magazine that he has become a born-again Christian in Los Angeles, California...

May 21st, 1993: President Robert Dole rejects the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Bill sponsored by led by Edolphus Towns (D-NY) and Kwesi Mfume (D-MD), sparking tensions within the African-American community,...

May 22nd, 1993: Talk show host Parker Dashwood interviews Constance Morgan, who claims that she has been the subject of UFO abductions since childhood,...

June 7th, 1993: "Shining Enlightenment" album by Cinders and Smoke is released, becoming an international blockbuster, going platinum quickly.

June 12, 1993: Former President George H.W. Bush while on a diplomatic visit to Rome, warns of a new "Arab-Israeli War"

June 23rd, 1993: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm fights to have sole custody of his daughter Alice after filing court papers in Seattle, Washington...

July 4, 1993: General Gennady Yanadev announces the stabilization of over 75% of the USSR, and that the "Union will not fall because of terrorists". It would go down as one of the great speeches of the twentieth century, and many historians would use this point to differentiate between the "Cold War Era" and the "War on Terror". The Soviet Union undergoes a resurgence due to the sympathy of Moscow, Czech revolts end over night, and crackdowns in Hungary and the Ukraine get results. Although some international experts criticize Yanaydev's policies, it does stabilize Eastern Europe, but keeping Gorbachev's Glasnost and Perestroika reforms, the Iron curtain is more or less down.

July 6th, 1993: EMC (a.k.a. "smart drugs") overtakes cocaine as the drug of choice in 45 states, according to the DEA in Washington D.C.,...

July 25th, 1993: Politically Incorrect (ABC-TV) hosted by Bill Maher makes its hit debut,...

July 29th, 1993: Soviet troops capture "19 August" forces, after detecting a nuclear radiation signal in Andreevan Guba naval base, Russia, USSR,...

August 20th, 1993: Micro-Gene Systems Inc., announces a contract with the United States Army to produce AIDS/HIV vaccines in San Jose, California....

September 2nd, 1993: Massachusetts state government announces plans to support vaccination for AIDS/HIV during a press conference in Boston, Massachusetts,....

September 9th, 1993: FDA officials approve Cognex as a medical treatment, to deal with the side-effects of EMC in Washington D.C.,...

September 12th, 1993: Jerry Hall and Robert Stillman announce the successful cloning of 17 human embryos at George Washington University in Washington D.C., sparking international controversy...

October 3rd, 1993: Nude-In; c.16,000 people protest in the nude in San Francisco, California, calling for an end to nuclear weapons. Cinders and Smoke perform during the "Nude-in" Protest in San Francisco

October 4th, 1993: A Citizen's Militia group is accused of shooting a police officer in Opelika, Alabama, inflaming the radical right,...

October 9th, 1993: Soviet troops capture "19 August" forces led by Ivan Smirnov as they attempt to detonate a nuclear weapon in Podolsk, Russia, USSR

October 14th, 1993: President Muammar al-Gaddafi is assassinated in Tripoli, Libya, after tensions within the Libyan military erupt,...

October 22nd, 1993: President Robert Dole approves funding for the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) in Waxahachie, Texas...

October 27th, 1993: South of Sunset (CBS-TV) makes its debut, in an effort to copy the success of the GTA: Vice Stories (NBC-TV) franchise, starring Glenn Frey,...

October 31st, 1993: Actor River Phoenix is hospitalized after an overdose of EMC at the Viper Room in Los Angeles, California,...

November 5, 1993: Increasingly pirates in the South Pacific and Carribbean are targeting yachts and holding families for ransom.

November 7, 1993: The ACRE Act (American Civil Rights Enrichment Act) is passed by Congress, critics charge that it hardly "enriches our freedoms, but abridges them to the whim of the government". It gives broad emergency powers to the President, and the FCC.

November 14th, 1993: 9 directed by Stanley Kubrick, starring James Cromwell as President George H.W. Bush, makes its film debut, featuring the hours

November 18th, 1993: Atari Jaguar handheld video game console, becoming a major best-seller,...

November 27th, 1993: "19 August" guerillas led by Aleksei Tikhomirov and Oleg Baranov are captured at Sevmorput naval base, Russia, USSR....

November 28th, 1993: Pamyat leaders begin distributing pamphlets in Moscow, USSR claiming that the "9 Cities Massacre" was part of a Jewish conspiracy, citing The Protocols of the Elders of Zion,...

December 4th, 1993: Anti-American & Anti-Soviet Riots erupt in Geneva, Switzerland, over proposed economic measures aimed at restoring the European Economic Community,...

December 15th, 1993: Greenpeace members firebomb GATT Building in Geneva, Switzerland, as Anti-American and Anti-Soviet sentiment rises throughout the Continent,...

*******************

January 1st, 1994: John Trochmann of Helena, Montana is named president of the Citizen Militias of America (CMA),...

January 4th, 1994: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm is accused of being racist and homophobic, after a performance in Los Angeles, California...

January 10, 1994: Billionaire Richard Branson commissions the "Eclipse", the world's first luxury airship. This soon begins a race to instead of buying yachts, buying luxury airships.

February 1st, 1994: Heather O'Rourke, one of the actresses of the The Dark Beneath franchise dies after being attacked by an abusive boyfriend, fueling speculation of a curse,...

February 7th, 1994: The FCC shuts broadcast of The Arsenio Hall Show after Public Enemy and KRS-One perform, condemning the Dole administration saying, "Dole hates black people!!"

February 12th-27th, 1994- XVII Winter Olympic Games are held in Ostersund, Sweden, highlighted by anti-American and anti-Soviet protests, Highlights:
* Nancy Kerrigan clenches the Gold, Tonya Harding got the bronze.
* Bobsledding Accident, kills Guido Aicklan.

February 13th, 1994: Christina Klein is arrested in Berlin, Germany after attempting to detonate a nuclear weapon. Also on this day, Congress ratifies the Baird/Cornyn Amendment, authored by John Cornyn (R-TX) and Brian Baird (D-WA), granting the "continuity of Congress" in the death of members in a terrorist attack.

March 1st, 1994: Pieter Mulder and Abrie Oosthuizen, leaders of the Freedom Front, call for the formation of an Afrikanner state, during a rally in Cape Town, South Africa...

March 12th-13th, 1994: Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the AWB, overthrows the government in Johannesburg, South Africa...

April 5, 1994: Kurt Cobain commits suicide in Seattle, Washington...

April 11th, 1994: Opposition leader Raouf Khayrat, is assassinated in Cairo, Egypt, after speaking out against the Gamaa al Islamiya,...

May 6th, 1994: Adolf Jaekle is arrested in Frankfurt, Germany on charges of arms sales to Neo-Nazi militias, he is released after reporting the transport of a "19 August" weapon into Germany; Also on this day, Eddie Murphy's Block Party makes its hit debut, featuring footage of Arsenio Hall, Arrested Development, Queen Latifah, Tupac Shakur, and others performing in Watts, California...

May 12, 1994: Babylon 5 premieres on NBC-TV. Also on this day, The Flash ends is fourth and final season on a high note with the two-hour finale "Justice For All" where every guest that appeared on the show comes together to form the Justice League. (including Green Lantern, Green Arrow, Black Canary, Hawkman, Martian Manhunter, and Red Tornado).

May 14th, 1994: Kimberly Powers performs on Saturday Night Live (NBC-TV) in New York City, New York,...

May 17th, 1994: Cinders and Smoke launches their third album "Ring of Fire" , becoming platinum overnight,...

June 3rd, 1994: Musician Frankie D is arrested after a long verbal feud with members of Insane Clow Posse become heated in Los Angeles, California....

June 17th, 1994: FDA approves the AIDS/HIV vaccine in Bethesda Naval Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland,....

July 1, 1994: James Cameron's Spider-Man debuts in theaters, and flops miserably. Cameron blames it on a difficult production exacerbated by executive meddling. Fans blame it on the non-adherence to the comic books.

July 6th, 1994: Forrest Gump starring Tom Hanks and Tupac Shakur makes its hit film debut; Also on this day, the first issue of Crisis in Infinite Eras (counting down from issues 11 to 0) by DC Comics hits the newsstands to correct the timeline issues from "Crisis on Infinite Earths". Along the most controversial changes are:

  • The destruction of the Green Lantern Corps and Oa as well as the sacrifice of Hal Jordan to save the timeline. The last Green Lantern ring is given to Kyle Rayner of Earth.
  • Wonder Woman is reinstated as an original member of the Justice League.
  • While 1990's Hawkworld is still canon, Katar and Shayera Hol's history with the Justice League is also reinstated.
  • The wholesale deaths of the Justice Society, especially controversial after editor Mike Carlin's remarks about their redundancy.
  • Legion of Super-Heroes is completely rebooted.

July 8th-10th, 1994: Naples Riots; Anti-American and Anti-Soviet sentiment reaches new levels in Naples, Italy as c.325,000 people gather to protest economic austerity measures and military actions on the Continent,...

July 19th, 1994: Egyptian-backed Izzedine al-Qassam, claims responsibility for suicide bombing along the Gaza Strip, heightening tensions within Israel....

July 20, 1994: Babylon 5 (NBC-TV) goes against Plumbers don't wear ties on primetime. Surprising some "Plumbers" loses and never regains its former glory.

July 22nd, 1994: North directed by Rob Reiner, starring Elijah Wood, Bruce Willis, Jason Alexander, and Julia Louis-Dreyfuss, makes its hit debut,...

July 23rd, 1994: Eddie Murphy abruptly shuts down production on Murphy's Show in Hollywood, California,...

July 29th, 1994: Fury of Firestorm, based on one of the comic book titles of the now seldom-seen DC character makes its hit debut as a film. Surprising executives at Warner Bros.

August 12th-14th, 1994: Woodstock 2.0 (a.k.a. "Ravestock"), 380,000 people gather in Woodstock, New York protesting the many restrictions imposed by the Dole administration...

August 18th, 1994: Egyptian leader Omar Abdul-Rahman announces in Cairo, that it will withdraw from the Camp David Accords, claiming a "state of war" exists with Israel....

August 29th, 1994: Fahrenheit 11/18 documentary by Michael Moore, popularizes many of the conspiracy theories about the "9 Cities Massacre"...

September 1st, 1994: U.S.-backed President Ahmed Chalabi is assassinated in Latifiya, Iraq, by Shiite militias,...

September 2nd, 1994: Angela R. Maclean, Oxford University, announces AIDS/HIV vaccine medical testing for British residents, sparking indignation from the LGBT community...

September 6th, 1994: Talk show host Parker Dashwood interviews celebrity crminal suspect Joseph Lyle Menendez in Los Angeles, California,...

September 6th-14th, 1994: "19 August" rebels launch a series bombings against civilians in Buinaksk, and Volgodonsk, USSR, killing 38 people...

September 13th-19th, 1994: Kimberly Powers launches her solo career, with the "Tesla Dynamic" album released in the United States, Great Britain, and Japan,...

September 16th, 1994: The Fighting American, based on one of the highest selling comic book titles of Awesome makes its hit debut as a film.

September 19th, 1994: Citizen Militias of America "General" Linda Thompson leads a march of CMA members in Washington D.C., sparking national attention,...

September 23rd, 1994: The Shawshank Redemption starring Brad Pitt, makes its hit film debut,...

September 26th, 1994: President Robert Dole announces his support for Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK), as the opposition to the Iranian government in Tehran,...

September 30th, 1994: Union leader Marian W. Zacharski is assassinated in Gdansk, Poland, after launching massive protests against French and German purchase of the shipyards...

October 20th, 1994: Montreal Expos beat the New York Yankees in Game 7, 6-3, sparking nationalist sentiment throughout Quebec,....

October 26th, 1994: Ontario Attorney General Jim Flaherty demands musician Frankie D. Reynholm be arrested for obscenity in Toronto, California, after performing nude to protest the Dole Administration and singing, "Love Hovel"

November 6th, 1994: "I'd Rather Be Your Lover" single by Madonna and featuring Tupace Shakur, makes its hit musical debut,..

November 8, 1994: Democrats retake Congress, but George W. and Jeb Bush are elected Governor of Texas and Florida respectively. Among the Democratic freshmen is John F. Kennedy Jr. in NY-14.

November 11th, 1994: Interview With The Vampire starring Johnny Depp as "Lestat", makes its hit debut, ...

November 26th, 1994: Fatherland based on the alternate history novel by Robert Harris, starring Rutger Hauer and Miranda Richardson, makes its hit debut, financially and critically; Also on this day, Prague Riots; Riots erupt in Prague, Czechoslovakia over French and German privatization of water and fuel utilities nationwide...

December 10th, 1994: Essen Summit Bombing; Red Army Faction (RAF) guerillas in Essen, detonate a car bomb outside the European Union Summit in Essen, West Germany, killing 8 people...

********************

January 17th, 1995: "Do You Want More?!!!??" hip-hop album by the Roots, makes its hit debut in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,..

January 25th, 1995: "Resurrection" by Legend makes its hit debut in Chicago, Illinois, protesting the Dole administration,...

February 3rd, 1995: Millionaire Bill Bussey unveils the luxury zeppelin Skyquest-5 in Chanute, Kansas,...

February 12th, 1995: Kimberly Powers signs a 6-year contract with Coca-Cola Corp., in Atlanta, Georgia; Also on this day, Peace talks between Egypt and Israel, brokered by President Robert "Bob" Dole collapse in Paris, France...

February 15th, 1995: Mr. Payback starring Christopher Lloyd makes its debut as the first interactive movie in Hollywood, California,...

February 20th, 1995: Amber McKlane defends the musician Frankie D. Reynholm, during a television interview on Good Morning America (ABC-TV)...

February 25th, 1995: Colonel Rovshan Javadov seizes control of the government during a military coup in Baku, Azerbaijan,...

March 5th, 1995: The Great Defender (FOX-TV) starring Michael Rispoli, makes its hit television series debut,...

March 31st, 1995: Tejano musician Selena survives being shot by manager Yolanda Saldívar in Corpus Christi, Texas,...

April 12, 1995: Reynholm does a corporate spot for his old employer advertising Windows 4.0

April 19th, 1995: Spanish opposition leader MP José María Aznar is assassinated by Basque separtists in Madrid, Spain,...

April 22nd, 1995: Massive logging and deforestation are blamed for massive forest fires throughout Madagascar, by officials in Antananarivo,...

May 17, 1995: Crisis in Infinite Eras ends with a soft reboot. All ongoing series publish a special "#0" issue that recounts the origin and histories of their heroes. Though highly contentious with established fans, critics remark that DC cleaned up its continuity enough to make it more accessible to readers.

June 3rd, 1995: Members of the Citizen Militias of America (CMA) hold their national convention in Wichita, Kansas, calling for "resistance against the New World Order..."

June 8th, 1995: PM Murayama Tomiichi resigns after right-wing activists condemn attempts to apologize for atrocities and war crimes during the Second World War, in Tokyo, Japan,....

June 12th, 1995: Quebec secedes from Canada, after a provincial referendum by a margin of 50.58%, amidst concerns about Canadian stability,...

June 14th, 1995: Treaty of Shanghai; Chinese and Soviet leaders announce a political alliance, in opposition to American military intervention in the Central Asia region,...

July 18th, 1995: U.N. Ambassador Ariel Cohen condemns the Treaty of Shanghai as a threat to the European Union, Iran, Turkey, and India,...

July 23rd, 1995: MPs Keizo Takemi and Ichita Yamamoto are elected to the Diet after calling for a platform of "national pride and patriotism..."

July 31, 1995: DC's market share exceeds that of Marvel's for the first time in many years.

August 14th, 1995: Virtual Boy (Nintendo) becomes a major bestseller, as the "next-generation" game platform,...

August 17, 1995: US-India Free Trade Agreement is signed by Bob Dole and Rajiv Gandhi in Washington, D.C. over intense US domestic opposition.

August 22nd, 1995: Burning Man Festival launched at Baker Beach in San Francisco, California, event participants create "Seal Rock City" on the beach,..

August 31st, 1995: Suicide bomber causes a panic on a crowded bridge, killing 1,000 people in the stampede in Baghdad, Iraq,....

September 3, 1995: Definitive proof is discovered that the so-called "June Plot", placing the blame for the destruction of Mecca on the Soviet Union, is completely falsified.

September 7, 1995: The Cree and Inuit peoples announce a counter-secession from Quebec to rejoin Canada. The government in Quebec City refuses to allow this.

September 10, 1995: Alberta Premier, Ralph Klein, remarks that Quebec is the "biggest hypocrite on the North American continent for refusing its own people the right to self determination." Sparking outrage from Quebecois nationalists.

September 22nd, 1995: Canadian Bacon starring John Candy, directed by Michael Moore, makes its hit debut. Also on this day, Showgirls directed by Paul Verhoeven, propels Elizabeth Berkley to fame, after making its hit debut,...

September 29th 1995 - General Wesley Clark, recently dismissed by President Dole announces he will run for the Democratic nomination against the frontrunner, Senator Al Gore.

October 3rd, 1995: Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov is assassinated in Skopje, Yugoslavia, further raising tensions in the Balkans,...

October 16th, 1995: Million Man March; President Robert Dole sparks controversy after he deploys the National Guard to Washington D.C., after hip-hop artists organize African-American leaders in protest of government policies,...

October 22nd, 1995: Los Angeles Rams announces their move to Baltimore, Maryland,...

October 31st, 1995: Bad Day on the Midway interactive film directed by David Lynch, makes its hit debut, creating greater legitimacy for the genre,....

November 4th, 1995: Israeli PM Yitzhak Rabin narrowly survives an assassination attempt by Yigal Amir in Jerusalem, Israel, raising tensions in the region...

November 12th, 1995: City officials announce plans to keep the Cleveland Browns NFL team in Cleveland, Ohio,...

November 22nd, 1995: Money Train starring Jennifer Lopez, Woody Harrelson, and Wesley Snipes makes its hit debut,...

November 27th, 1995: Talk show host Parker Dashwood sparks controversy after bursting into tears during an episode about orphans from the conflict in the United Islamic Caliphate (UIC),...

December 12, 1995: Amber McKlane's solo album, "Censor THIS!" debuts and creates instant controversy. For one she posed nude for the cover to protest President Dole's authoritarian policies, and of the 10 singles on the album, 7 of them criticize Dole, his presidency, Congress or the FCC. The manager for Cinders and Smoke said, "Look the band supported Amber 100%, but this was simply looking for a fight. Amber will be back in the band for the next album in June"

December 18, 1995: Sabotage and several explosions at generating stations along the James Bay Project results in several blackouts and brownouts across eastern North America.

December 22nd, 1995: Cutthroat Island starring Geena Davis, Matthew Modine, and Frank Langella, makes its hit debut, reinvigorating the pirate genre of film,...

********************

January 8th, 1996: Robert Thompson and Jon Venables blame their murder on exposure to the film The Dark Beneath in Merseyside, England, sparking calls for a ban on the franchise,...

January 15th, 1996: Jeish al-Taiifa al-Mansoura (a.k.a. "Army of the Victorious Sect") launches attacks on Allied forces in Baghdad, Iraq,...

February 2nd, 1996: Newsweek popularizes "geek chic" , linking the movement with EMC-trafficking and the Internet,...

February 3rd, 1996: Cinders and Smoke sparks controversy after appearing on Saturday Night Live (NBC-TV) in New York City, New York, calling for President Dole's impeachment. The FCC cancels the broadcast under the terms of the 1992 PATRIOT Communications Act.

February 4, 1996: Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi wins a third term in a landslide, with 337/542 seats in the Lok Sabha.

February 17, 1996: President Dole's State of the Union address is given before Congress. During the speech, the "Nude for Freedom" rally of nearly 125,000 led by Amber McKlane outside in the National Mall frequently interrupts the speech. President Dole in a moment of anger, breaks from the teleprompter and yells, "Will someone shut that Bi*** up!" Shortly after that power is cut to the rally's heating lamps breaking up the rally except for a dedicated crowd of 3,000. Amber is taken to a hospital after getting frostbite and nearly losing her toes.

February 29th, 1996: Ripper interactive film starring Christopher Walken, Scott Cohen, Tahnee Welch, Ossie Davis, Burgess Meredith, Karen Allen, David Patrick Kelly, John Rhys-Davies, Jimmie Walker, Anna Levine and Paul Giamatti., makes its hit debut,...

March 5, 1996: Google Debuts 2 years early.

March 12th 1996 - In the interests of party unity, Gore withdraws and endorses Clark.

March 23rd, 1997: Defense Minister Nisohachi Hyodo calls for the Japanese development of a nuclear weapon before the Diet in Tokyo, Japan,....

March 25th, 1996: Jordan Standoff; Members of the Citizen Militias of America enter into a gun battle with ATF agents in Jordan, Montana, killing 18 people. Radical right leaders demonize "federal excess"...

April 1, 1996: During the 1996 election season, Doles shows McKlane as an example of everything that's wrong in America. The nudism, the cannabis use, the anti-patriotic rhetoric. The militias take a more active role in trying to smear McKlane, protesters boycotting her music, throwing tomatoes at concerts. It is the first schism between the generations. The Mushroon Cloud Generation (formerly known as Generation X) rallies around McKlane, many registering to vote.

April 5th 1996 - Wesley Clark announces Al Gore as his nominee for Vice President against President Dole and Vice-President Richard "Dick" Lugar,...

April 11th, 1996: Government officials announce at Pelindaba, that South Africa will leave the 1962 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty,...

April 27th, 1996: Groundbreaking takes place the site of the World Trade Center for the "Freedom Tower", with President Robert "Bob" Dole, John F. Kennedy Jr., et al. attending...

May 3rd, 1996: The Punisher: War Zone, based on one of the comic book titles of Marvel flops at the box office and also draws criticism from moral guardians over its violent content.

May 5, 1996: The city of Montreal grows concerned with the flight of big business to (English) Canada, rising unemployment, runaway government spending, and increasing instability in the north. The municipal government considers reunion with Canada or becoming an independent city-state. Also on this day, a militia member tries to kill McKlane while leaving a hotel in Vegas. The gunman fails but McKlane refuses to stop performing, and publically dares the militiamen to "Go ahead, stop me from exercising freedom of speech by violating those commandments you hold so dear."

May 23, 1996: The last episode of Star Trek: the Next Generation airs, ending its 9th season.

May 28th, 1996: Ukrainian nationalist Pavlo Lazarenko is assassinated in Boryspil, Ukraine, USSR, sparking ethnic tensions in the region,...

May 30th-June 2nd, 1996: Berlin Riots; Bundswehr forces declare martial law in the area around Berlin, Germany as local residents protest NATO and Warsaw Pact austerity measures...

June 7, 1996: Superman/Batman: World's Finest, produced by Richard Donner and Joe Dante released in theaters after years of hype. It quickly surpasses the combined gross of Superman and Batman.

June 16th, 1996: Dennis Rodman leads the San Antonio Spurs to victory against the Seattle Supersonics, 87-75,...

July 3rd, 1996: Masters of Orion 2 video-game expansion is released with fans waiting outside stores for a midnight release

July 4, 1996: The US and USSR agree to a treaty to eliminate all ICBM missiles by January 1, 2006 and reduce stockpiles to 500 bombs each not to exceed 5 MT. The treaty is ratified by the Senate 89-10. General Gennady Yanayev and President Dole both receive The 1997 Nobel Peace Prize.

July 19th-August 4th, 1996-XXVI Summer Olympic Games are held in Athens, Greece, celebrating the centennial of the Olympic Games. Highlights:
* Swimmer Melissa Thatcher of the United States. Thatcher was one of the celebrities that supported McKlane against the Dole Administration. As a sign of protest she did the 100m Freestyle nude. She would win 7 gold medals. Debates would persist for years whether or not she deserved an eighth, as following Atchens in 1992 nude swimmers don't get an official place, but she beat Sandra Volker of Germany by a full second.

August 6th, 1996: Catwoman directed by Tim Burton, starring Michelle Pfieffer, makes its hit film debut,...

August 12th-15th, 1996: Anti-war protesters launch riots outside the Republican National Convention in San Diego, California,...

August 25th, 1996: Authors Mathias Bröckers and Andreas von Bülow claim to have evidence of the "9 Cities Conspiracy" during a press conference in Berlin, Germany....

August 30th 1996: After Powers (ABC-TV), a sci-fi sitcom about a group of retired superheroes, debuts to great ratings and favorable reviews.

August 31st, 1996: Rally for the Bill of Rights; members of the Citizen Militias of America (CMA) rally in Washington D.C., many brandishing automatic weapons,...

September 1st, 1996: Alexander "Sandy" Antunes is arrested in Baltimore, Maryland, over reports of EMC-trafficking,...

September 13, 1996: Cinders and Smoke, while returning from tour throughout Europe, are barred entrance back to the US. McKlane and the band take to doing satellite interviews, call-in concerts, and even setting up the first virtual concert on the internet, which thanks to a great deal of proxies, and the aid of many hackers stateside, is able to bypass the FCC's guards, much to their chagrin

September 15th, 1996: North Korean troops are deployed to the region of Rajin-Sonbong, fearing South Korean transmission of the "Hong Kong Flu"...

September 19th, 1996: PM Yitzhak Rabin orders the deployment of troops along the West Bank, amidst fears of Egyptian attacks...

September 21st, 1996: Dark Skies (NBC-TV) starring Eric Roberts and Jeri Ryan makes its hit debut, with a conspiracy storyline fitting the "post 9-Cities Massacre" mindset,...

October 5, 1996: Star Trek: Relativity debuts. The series details the Temporal Cold War of the 29th Century, fast forwarding the Star Trek setting almost 500 years further into the future. Featuring Captain Braxton and Cmdr. Daniels. The series is noted for its frequent usage of CGI to insert modern actors into older shows. Season 1 deals with the assassination of Chancellor Gorkon and the attempted assassination of Federation President Ra-ghoratreii. <People may recognize this as the plot for Star Trek VI, which was never made into a film.> It is also the first time that Star Trek uses the season-long story arc, similar to Babylon 5, not including the Dominion War Arcs of Star Trek: TNG Season 8 and 9

October 8th, 1996: New York Times reports that 1/3 of Americans believe the "9 Cities Massacre" was part of a government conspiracy...

October 13, 1996: President Dole meets with several groups who want the militias kept in check, as some groups feel that they are extremests. Also on this day, Egyptian leader Omar Abdul-Rahman calls upon Arab leaders to unite in attacks against Israel, during a speech from Cairo,...

October 14th, 1996: Singer Madonna starts dating tennis star Andre Agassi in Los Angeles, California...

October 17th, 1996: Porn star Kitty Kat stars in her first porn film Hot 2.0, despite being only 15 years old, in Los Angeles, California....

October 22, 1996: Montreal holds its own referendum on secession from Quebec. 59.86% vote "yes" but Premier Jacques Parizeau refuses to acknowledge the results and instead orders the Quebecois Army to hold the "seditious district".

October 26, 1996: Protests break out across Montreal but turn violent at McGill university where Federalist and Nationalist clash. The Quebecois troops immediately take the Nationalist side and brutally crack down on the opposing side. The picture of two Nationalists and a soldier stomping on a defenseless Federalist becomes a symbol of the struggle outside Quebec, drawing concern from across the world.

October 30th, 1996: Public Morals (ABC-TV) written and produced by Steven Bochco, makes its hit debut,...

November 5, 1996: Bob Dole loses re-election to Democrat Wesley Clark, who dismissed over a disagreement in 1995 by President Dole. He is elected in a landslide election 457-73. Also on this day, Amber McKlane's first documented usage of EMC. She organizes a concert on the day before the election protesting President Dole's policy. It is a peaceful concert but manages to set off everyone one of the FCC's censors. The broadcast is cancelled, but is still broadcast online. The incident becomes a "November Surprise" for Dole.

November 7th, 1996: Autobiographical film Cyberpunk Unsung, based on the life of musician Frankie D. makes its hit debut,...

November 12, 1996: The band Led Zeppelin buys a ... well this should be obvious, a luxury zeppelin

November 25th, 1996: FDA approves the use of Aricept as a means of treating the medical side-effects of EMC users, slowing memory loss,...

December 9th, 1996: DC Comics suffers internal divisions, as lawsuits by the estate of Jack Kirby over the use of Darkseid in Superman V & VI plague the company.

****************
January 7th, 1997: Hardliner Hwang Jang-yop comes to power by the Politburo in Pyongyang, North Korea...

January 15th, 1997: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm sweeps the American Music Awards in Los Angeles, California. This was the start of a friendly rivalry between Amber McKlane, Frankie D. and Kimberly R. Powers

January 20th 1997 - After defeating Dole in the election, Wesley Clark is sworn in as the nation's 43rd President. Clark is inaugurated as President. However to the disappointment of many he does not order the dismissal of many of Dole's orders.

January 30th, 1997: Ahmad Al-Hassan al-Yamani leads anti-American insurgency in Najaf, Iraq,...

February 22nd, 1997: Claude Vorilhon announces the establishment of "Clonaid", a biotechnology company dedicated to human cloning in Montreal, Quebec...

March 4th, 1997: President Wesley Clark imposes a national moratorium on human cloning in Washington D.C.,...

March 13th, 1997: Beetlejuice Goes Hawaiian directed by Tim Burton, starring Winona Ryder, makes its hit film debut,...

March 22nd, 1997: Lawless (FOX-TV) starring Brian Bosworth, makes its hit television series debut,...

March 23rd, 1997: Chinese health officials, along with members of the CDC/WHO report an outbreak of avian influenza in Hong Kong,...

March 25, 1997: FDR marries Amber McKlane briefly, the marriage was over in a year. When news of the sex tape surfaced, journalists immediately sought Reynolm for comment, "Look, I know Amber isn't a lesbian. She's bi." when asked how he knows that he smiles and says, "Who do you think was holding the camera?"

April 1st, 1997: Egyptian leader Omar Abdul-Rahman calls for the elimination of the state of Israel, during a speech in Cairo....

April 14th, 1997: DC announces that it has settled lawsuits with the various artists affiliated with it, during a press conference in Los Angeles, California.

April 20th, 1997: South African officials detonate a nuclear weapon at Pelindaba, South Africa, in defiance of sanctions by the United Nations,...

May 3rd, 1997: Texas separtists blow up the Mickey Leland Federal Building in Houston, Texas, killing 168 people,...

May 18th, 1997: Former child actress Bridgette Anderson is hospitalized after an overdose of EMC in Los Angeles, California,...

May 25, 1997: FOX decides not to greenlight the making of a Special Edition, and decides to make a sequel trilogy, much to Lucas' dismay. As a result he publishes the screenplay for Episode 1: The Phantom Menace online. The Star Wars fans first think its a hoax, then afterwards the net petitions to stop the sequel trilogy suddenly stop.

May 29th, 1997: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi proclaims himself the 12th Imam during a rally in Islamabad, Pakistan, proclaiming a meeting with the prophet Mohammed..

June 4th, 1997: FOX-TV, Micrsoft, Time/Warner announce a crackdown on "geek chic" due to "copyright infringement" issues in New York City, New York...

June 9th, 1997: Clonaid begins advertising with full-page ads in New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times,...

July 1st, 1997: Happy Valley Riots; Chinese nationalist government forces clash with Triad forces during the turnover of Hong Kong to the Chinese government by Great Britain...

July 17th, 1997: Israeli Defense Minister Yitzhak Mordechai orders the deployment of IDF forces into the West Bank...

August 9th, 1997: Haitian construction worker Abner Louima is shot and killed by New York City Police Department officers, despite being unarmed and only 25 feet from his workplace,..

August 10th, 1997: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi expresses his solidarity with Chechen guerillas against the Soviets in a videotaped message from Mecca, Saudi Arabia,...

August 14th, 1997: Israeli Foreign Minister warns Egyptian officials that it is "ready for war", during a speech in Jerusalem,...

August 16th, 1997: 325,000 people march against police brutality in New York City , New York, demanding the firing of Police Chief Darryl Gates,...

August 28th, 1997: Hamas and Hezbollah take credit for attacks in Bethlehem, many experts claim the attack was backed by Egypt..

August 29th, 1997: Severe drought strikes Australia, Brazil, and Argentina, meteorologists blame "El Nino" weather patterns

August 30, 1997: Pat Robertson calls for a new round of crusades to take back the Holy Land from "the followers of the false prophet" on Christian Broadcast Network in response to the Bethlehem attacks.

October 1, 1997: Citing the financial failures of the "Spider-Man" and "Punisher" movies as well as much-hyped events like Spider-Man's "Clone Saga" and X-Man's "Age of Apocalypse". Marvel files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Insiders, however, state that mismanagement at the executive and editorial levels are to blames.

October 4, 1997: President Clark in an attempt to sway what he called "geekstas" announces that Robert Zubrin will be made NASA Administrator. He announces his goal is to develop a multipurpose space craft for LEO and GEO Operations. The plan coalesces into the Constellation Program in 2001, The Orion module is launched on Ares I (LEO Capable), or Ares III (GEO capable). One item that Clark snipped from the budget was Ares V which would be capable of getting an Orion to the Moon

October 12th, 1997: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi visits Nigerian dictator General Gideon Orkar in Kano, Nigeria,....

October 21st, 1997: Despite INTERPOL and DEA efforts, according to the United Nations, EMC (a.k.a. "smart drug") trade goes unabated worldwide

November 11th, 1997: Prana Scandal; Prana Biotechnology Ltd. is indicted in selling placebo drugs as EMC-treatment in Brisbane, Australia...

November 12th, 1997: Talk show host Parker Dashwood testifies before the House of Representatives regarding child abuse, speaking on her own personal experience,...

November 13, 1997: Evangelical Christians from across the United States and other largely Christian nations gather in Virginia Beach, Va. to form the Order of the Thorn (OoT). A paramilitary group devoted to "retake the Holy Hand and destroy all influence of the false prophet from our nation".

November 18th, 1997: Anti-foreigner riots erupt in Cairo, Egypt, calling for the collapse of the state of Israel...

November 28th, 1997: The Last Express (Smoking Car Productions) video game makes its hit debut , in time for the holiday season,...

December 8th, 1997: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm becomes the target of the U.S. Secret Service, after his song "Still Alive, Despite the Lies" is seen as a death threat against President Wesley Clark...

December 2, 1997: Domestic terrorists aligned with the OoT bomb mosques in New York City, Sydney, Philadelphia, Toronto, Boston, and Montreal during afternoon prayers.

December 22, 1997: Pat Robertson publicly calls for the assassination of the leaders of Gamaa al Islamiya and promises that the "heathen state of Palestine will drown in its own blood."

December 25th, 1997: The Postman starring Kevin Costner, based on the novel by David Brin, makes its hit debut, reflecting the "post-9 Cities Massacre" pessimism,...

****************

January 12, 1998: After much bitter and divisive debate for almost two years, Canada follows the example of Australia and becomes a republic following a national referendum with a similar margin of 53.6%.

February 2-7, 1998: Riots break out across Montreal in response another crackdown on "federalist agitators and other malcontents." Law and order in the city completely breaks down. Twenty-two people and hundreds more are arrested.

February 7th-22nd, 1998-XVIII Winter Olympic Games are held in Aosta, Italy; amidst further anti-American and anti-Soviet protests. Highlights:
*An assassination attempt of Premier Yanaydev is discovered by the US Secret Service, the opening ceremonies go on without a hitch.
* Snowboarding is first made an Olympic event
* Scott Christian of Germany would be stripped of his medal in bobsledding following his failing of a drug test, it is the first time EMC has been caught at the Olympics

February 15th, 1998: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi visits Ouargla, Algeria proclaiming the need for Muslim unity,...

February 21st, 1998: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Fujian Province, sparking local officials to deploy military forces for a medical quarantine...

February 27th, 1998: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of "Hong Kong flu" in Bangkok, Thailand, sparking calls for martial law

February 28th, 1998: Trio starring Sylvester Stallone, Whoopi Goldberg, and Jackie Chan, makes its hit debut, directed by Joe Eszterhaus; Also on this day, The Black Dahlia interactive film starring Dennis Hopper and Terri Garr, makes its hit debut,...

March 10, 1998: Demonstrations against the Parizeau government over the Montreal Riots, soaring unemployment, and high taxes break out across Quebec. Prompting some sympathy for the growing federalist movement.

March 12, 1998: A sex tape of Amber McKlane with other band member Natalie V. Harrison, hits the internet. While it is widely viewed, the video is found to have been leaked by the FCC.

March 16, 1998: Amber McKlane interview on the BBC, "I don't really see why anyone would care who I have fun with. A better question I think is: Does the FCC actions fall as cruel and unusual punishment under the constitution. The way I see it, they tried to subject me to public humiliation because they don't like free speech."

March 17th, 1998: Chicago Police Department is scandalized after 2 former New York City officers are indicted in a tax evasion scandal. sparking national attention,...

March: 19, 1998: Demonstrators completely surround the National Assembly in Quebec City, calling for the resignation of Jacques Parizeau.

April 2, 1998: Under threat of strike by government workers, Jacques Parizeau resigns, though the Parti Quebecois does not call an election as of yet. Also on this day, a small Technology company Matrix Quest of San Francisco, California, makes an annoucement that they have invented a device that removes a person's clothes from a distance of 35ft. Pro-naturist activists praise the invention of the machine.

April 18th, 1998: American journalist Iris Chang accuses Japanese SDF forces of massive human rights abuses in China and Korea, sparking memories of the Second World War,...

April 21st, 1998: Ambassador Kunihiko Saito condemns the United States over accusations that Japanese SDF forces committing atrocities in China and Korea,...

April 25, 1998: Free Speech March. Over 1 million people march in the National Mall protesting the censorship laws. President Clark is seen as betraying the electorate as he promised in his campaign to "give back our freedoms." The Protest was set to coincide with Supreme Court hearing. McKlane v. the Federal Communications Commission. Although Director Hayes resigned following the revelation that he authorized the distribution of the sex tape to discredit McKlane, the suit still is going forward.

April 29th, 1998: Surgeon General calls for treatment of the onset of Alzheimer's disease in youth caused by EMC usage as a "national security issue" during a speech in Washington,...

April 30th, 1998: Former President George H.W. Bush dismisses conspiracy theories in a speech at the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco, California...

May 1, 1998: The Liberty Party is founded. It is created as a third party but it gains surprising numbers especially among the Mushroom Cloud Generation.

May 3, 1998: Rush Limbaugh is mocked by people on the left and right for his conspiracy views on the 9 cities massacre, and is denounced by the President.

May 17th 1998: An After Powers movie is announced, to be produced by Orion Pictures and distributed by Paramount.

May 20th, 1998: Actor Charlie Sheen dies of a cocaine overdose in Hollywood, California, sparking national attention...

May 22nd, 1998: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm leads a conference in Washington D.C., calling for youth political activism, which would eventual form a pillar of the Liberty Party

May 28th 1998: Sale of the Clothes Remover 3000 is banned in the US by various Government Departments, leading many to travel to Canada to purchace the product.

June 6th, 1998: MP Vincent Bethell leads the "Freedom to Be Yourself" nude march in Piccadilly Square in London, England,...

June 8th, 1998: The Magic Hour (FOX-TV) hosted by Earvin "Magic" Johnson makes its hit debut in Los Angeles, California,...

June 14th, 1998: Len Bias, Boston Celtics, announces his retirement from basketball, after revelations of his cocaine addiction in Boston, Massachusetts,...

June 15th, 1998: Clonaid CEO Brigitte Boisselier announces plans to publicly trade stock during a press conference in Las Vegas, Nevada. Also on this day, Amber McKlane gives a speech at the Liberty National Convention. The Liberty Party advocates the reduction of the authoritarian agenda to Pre-Nine Cities Levels. "Our leaders, in both parties are getting old and complacent to set in their ways, and too comfortable in their position. I think its time to change that... time for the next generation to take the reins of government. Hey if they are going to gamble away our future for bridges to nowhere, we should have a &*(king say in it!" It becomes one of the speeches that the FCC immediately bleeps for profanity.

June 16th, 1998: Dominion: Storm Over Gift 3 (Ion Storm/ 7th Level) video game makes its hit debut,...

June 26th, 1998: Eddie Murphy makes his return to film with Doctor Dolitle, making his hit debut,...

June 30, 1998: A polarized three-way race for the Canadian Presidency ends with former Prime Minister Joe Clark defeating Liberal Brian Tobin 40.4-39.3, with former NDP leader Ed Broadbent at 21%. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo inaugurated President of the Philippines.

July 8th, 1998: Louima Riots; Riots erupt in Brooklyn, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Harlem, and Queens after a verdict clears 3 New York Police Department officers in the murder of Abner Louima; National Guard units are deployed to deal with the violence,...

July 15th, 1998: WHO/CDC officials announce quarantines imposed in Ayutthaya and Pathumthani provinces in Thailand, creating unrest in the region,...

July 17th, 1998: American Heritage Festival; c.300,000 people attend the "patriotic Woodstock" in Carthage, Missouri, condemning the Clark administration as the "Commander & Thief",...

August 17, 1998: Attempts at restructuring Marvel fail, and all titles cease publication as the company enters Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

August 24th, 1998: Olympic swimmer Evangeline Godron comes out as a "naturist" (nudist) in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, sparking controversy,...

September 4th, 1998: Variety magazine reports that with the exception of Saturday Night Live (NBC-TV), New York City, New York is losing its capital as an entertainment center,...

September 12th, 1998: René González Sehweret, Ramón Labañino Salazar, Fernando González Llort, Antonio Guerrero Rodríguez and Gerardo Hernández Nordelo are arrested after attempting to overthrow the government of Juanita Chavez...

September 14, 1998: The Parti Quebecois loses to the Liberals in the Quebec national elections. Plans for new referendums for the northern territories and Montreal are announced along with the promise of recognition of the results.

September 21st, 1998: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Singapore and Malaysia, sparking panic nationwide,..

October 4th, 1998: "Roll to Save against Big Brother" music video by musician Frankie D. Reynholm is pulled from MTV, after calls by Michael Jackson, President Wesley Clark, and other celebrities, over its harsh satire...

October 16th, 1998: The Dark Beneath IV: Chainsaw Chicks, the sequel to The Dark Beneath III: Amputee Hookers makes its hit debut starring Cassandra Magrath and Kestie Morassi

October 20th, 1998: Soviet Famine; Soviet wheat crops fail due to massive drought in the Ukraine, sparking calls for American and European foreign aid,...

October 30th, 1998: Grim Fandango (LucasArts) video games makes its hit debut, in time for the holiday season,...

October 31, 1998: The Grand Unified Field Theory is discovered by Jürgen Schmidhuber of Munich, Germany, upon receiving the Nobel Prize, it has been discovered that he has become highly addicted to EMC, which is a growing problem on many college campuses in Europe and North America...

November 1st, 1998: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi visits Nigerian dictator General Gideon Orkar in Lagos, Nigeria,....

November 3, 1998: Democrats retain control of both the House and Senate, 229-206 and 51-49. In the Senate, Lauch Faircloth loses to John Edwards, John Kennedy defeats Al D'Amato. Former Governor Bill Clinton wins the U.S. Senate seat in Arkansas. Also on this day, the Mid-terms. Surprising political pundits across the board, the Liberty Party does very well. Polling analysis shows that there was nearly a 65% turnout from the Mushroom Cloud Generation, all voting for the Liberty Party. One notable inclusion is that Jon Stewart is elected to the US House of Representatives.

Final tally

Republicans: -108
Democrats: -59
Liberty: +167

The election results stun Congress, throwing two of the parties of the now three party Congress into chaos.

December 8th, 1998: Kiev Incident; Tensions mount between the European Union and the USSR, after European Defense Force (EDF) members are captured aiding Ukrainian separatists in Kiev, Ukraine SSR,...

December 24, 1998 Sens. Kerry and Kennedy and the entire MA Congressional delegation are killed in a plane crash as they decide to head to Boston on the Same flight at the conclusion of the the lame duck session.

December 30th, 1998: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Hanoi and Saigon, Vietnam, sparking civil unrest and violence,...

**************

January 10th, 1999: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi visits Izmir, Turkey, sparking massive protests and demonstrations,...

February 9th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials report the outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Cambodia, sparking national civil unrest and violence,...

February 10th, 1999: Talk show host Parker Dashwood achieves critical acclaim after interviewing musician MC Hammer (a.k.a. Stanley Kirk Burrell) during the one-hour show,...

February 16th, 1999: Professor Hwang Woo-suk, CEO of BioFusion Tech, announces that he has cloned a human being in Seoul, Korea,...

March 4th 1999: The After Powers movie is shelved, due to disputes between Orion and the Writers over the script. The show is renewed for a fourth season.

March 22nd 1999: Billionaire Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones launch the luxury zeppelin Breitling Orbiter in Bristol, England...

March 26th, 1999: "Smoke Gets In Your Eyes" single by Cher makes its hit musical debut

March 31st, 1999: The Matrix starring Sean Connery and Will Smith makes its hit film debut,...

April 1st, 1999: Porn star Kitty Kat stars in her final porn film Kitty, I Love You in Cannes, France,...

April 5th, 1999: Banyamulenge forces from Rwanda, launch attacks into Goma, sparking fears of an "African World War"; Also on this day, the Department of Defense classifies the Clothes Remover 3000. DARPA begins developing alternative uses for the technology.

April 8th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials announce a medical quarantine of the areas around Hung Yen and Ha Tay provinces of Vietnam,....

April 14, 1999: Babylon 5 (NBC-TV) successfully has its series finale, having an audience that surpasses, MASH's finale in terms of ratings

April 22nd, 1999: Professor Hwang Woo-suk announces the birth of a human clone "Yeongrong-i" in Seoul, Korea,...

June 4th, 1999: "Curry-N-Hurry" CEO Jennifer Dinoia announces a nationwide expansion of the restaurant chain....

June 11, 1999: Stargate Command debuts featuring Amanda Tapping, as Colonel Samantha Carter. <SG1, with Tapping as the star and O'Neil along with Tealc being the muscle of the group. No movie>

July 6th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials warn that birds in Australia, Europe, Canada, and the United States maybe infected by the "Hong Kong Flu" virus, during a press conference in Atlanta, Georgia,...

July 10th, 1999: Peace talks regarding the Congo, collapse in Lusaka, Zaire,...

July 20, 1999: After nearly a decade of development the British Space Shuttle HMS Drake successfully completes its first mission

July 23rd-25th, 1999: Woodstock 3.0; Crimson & Smoke, Amber McKlane, Jewel, Rage Against the Machine, and Sheryl Crow headline the concert in Woodstock, New York with 400,000 people...

August 1, 1999: Crusade (NBC-TV) the spin off of Babylon 5, premieres.

August 3rd, 1999: Health officials report c. 200 reported deaths related to "Hong Kong Flu" in Sichuan Province, China....

August 7th, 1999: Greater Ministries International in Tampa, Florida launches the "Restore Our Country" campaign, calling for a "return to Christian values"...

August 11th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials report ourbreaks of "Hong Kong Flu" spreading into Kazakhstan and Mongolia, sparking civil unrest and violence into the region,...

August 17th, 1999: Author Anne Rice files suit against several EMC-enthusiast groups in New Orleans, Louisiana...

August 22nd, 1999: Soviet troops fire on Kazakhstani refugees, amidst fears of the "Hong Kong Flu".

August 27th, 1999: The 13th Warrior starring Antonio Banderas makes its hit film debut,...

September 9th 1999: Heat Vision and Jack (FOX-TV) debuts, starring Jack Black and Owen Wilson.

September 11th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of malaria in Barcelona, Spain, sparking national civil unrest and violence; Also on this day, Liberty Party Candidate Jon Stewart visits San Francisco CA, and gives a speech about stem-cells and their importance for scientific development.

September 13th, 1999: Talk show host Parker Dashwood is proclaimed the world's richest entertainer by Forbes magazine; Also on this day, Dark Plague Event; Masters of Orion 2 fans suffer after the "Dark Plague" virus is released on the Internet edition of the video-game...

September 22nd, 1999: "Poetry Fest" led by Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Bill Berkson, and Miriam Patchen takes place in San Francsico, California...

September 30, 1999: Canadian federal election. Paul Martin's Liberals defeat Don Mazankowski's Tories.

October 3rd, 1999: Yugoslavian Prime Minister Vuk Draskovic is assassinated in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, further raising military tensions in the region,...

October 10, 1999: Larry Ellison, founder of the San Francisco Airship Club announces the "Millennial Race", a race for Airships to get around the globe.

October 12th, 1999: President Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif survives a military coup attempt by General Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad, Pakistan, sparking concern over regional stability; Also on this day, "Black on Both Sides" by Mos Def protests against police brutality nationwide,....

October 13th, 1999: Riots erupt in Kiziksa, Turkey over reports of an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu", spreading rumors that "Jewish agents are spreading the virus..."

October 15th, 1999: Romanian military officials declare martial law over Ciamurlia, Romania, after reports of "Hong Kong Flu" are reported. Also on this day, McKlane and Liberty Party vs. the Federal Communications Commission. In a landmark decision (6-3) the Supreme Court rules that the FCC has no constitutional mandate to regulate the content on the airwaves. Amber McKlane's response in the Today Show interview the next day, "We fucking got'em..." The FCC is given 90 days to stop regulating all content being broadcast, and to merely be the technical oversight agency for the Airwaves. In a rare moment of bi-partisanship, Former President Dole, and President Clark put their weight behind the "Federal Union Communications Coalition"

October 26th, 1999: Yugoslavian government officials declare martial law after reports by the WHO/CDC report outbreaks of "Hong Kong Flu",....

October 28th, 1999: Abu Musab al-Zarqawi bombs the Radisson Hotel, housing American servicemen and women in Amman, Jordan, killing 45 people with a truck bomb,

October 31st, 1999: Soviet defectors report an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in major cities, including Leningrad and Moscow, despite official silence by TASS and Pravda,...

November 4th, 1999: Viktor Arkadyevich Tyulkin begins actively challenging General Gennady Yanayev for leadership of the Politburo, during a rally in Stalingrad...

November 5, 1999: The MD Beam Weapon (Molecular Disruption) is created. Matrix Arms (formerly Matrix Quest), begins manufacture of the weapons. The United States will share the technology with its NATO allies. Also on this day, The United Kingdom announces its departure from the European Union.

November 6th, 1999: Australia becomes a republic in a national referendum by a margin of 54.87%; New Zealand announces that it will hold a similar referendum,...

November 12th, 1999: Riots erupt in Baghdad and Kuwait City, amidst reports by the WHO/CDC of the outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu"...

November 15th, 1999: "Millenium Prayer" single by British musician Cliff Richard makes its hit musical debut; Also on this day, NFL player Rae Carruth, Carolina Panthers, is placed under arrest on charges of attempted rape, along with assault & battery, after Cherica Adams is assaulted with a Clothes Remover 3000 in a King's Mountain, North Carolina parking lot,...

November 18th, 1999: Military officials launch the evacuation of Pichincha, Ecuador due to volcanic activity in the region,...

December 15th, 1999: Late Night with Pat Sajak (CBS-TV) host Pat Sajak interviews New York City mayor Rudolph Giuliani, in an effort to help reconstruction,...

December 23rd, 1999: South African officials announce the expansion of a nuclear weapons program at Pelindaba, South Africa,...

December 29th, 1999: Followers of Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, proclaim seeing the visage of Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi on the surface of the moon in Mecca, Saudi, Arabia; Also on this day, Shenmue (SEGA/ Dreamcast) video game makes its hit debut,....

December 31, 1999: Report says that the US birthrate has increased by 250% since 1990. It is expected the population will hit 350,000,000 by 2010

*****************

January 6th, 2000: INTERPOL launches a crackdown on the operations of Mikko "Mike" Pohjola in Helsinki, Finland...

January 9th, 2000: Malcolm in the Middle (UPN-TV) starring Frankie Muniz makes its series debut,...

January 15, 2000: Representative Jon Stewart, announcing he will run for President on the Liberty Party's banner.

January 22nd 2000: Harry Percival, who plays the Superhero "Epic Bolt" on After Powers, dies of Hong Kong flu after an ill-advised trip to Asia. Production of the show is temporarily suspended.

February 3rd, 2000: Project Kwangmyong (Bright) is approved by Hwang Jang-yop, authorizing a cybernetic warfare program,...

February 4th, 2000: Military officials order the quarantine of Vidin, Bulgaria, after 200 people are reported dead from "Hong Kong Flu", sparking civil unrest,...

February 9th, 2000: WHO/CDC warn of a massive "Hong Kong Flu" outbreak in Kaduna and Kano, Nigeria, killing 52,000 people in the process,...

February 20th 2000: Production on After Powers resumes, with the character of Epic Bolt being written out, using unused footage and CGI to kill the character off.

February 21st, 2000: Opposition leader Chen Zixiu is killed by police officials, linked with the Kuomingtang in Shandong, China...

February 24th, 2000: United Nations Security Council approves the deployment of 55,370 peace-keeping troops to be deployed into the Democratic Republic of Congo (a.k.a. Zaire)...

March 12, 2000: Historians would name this date as when the "Second Cold War" would start, although no one at the time would realize it for another 5 years. On this day the USSR, who has experencied a resurgence in the late 90s, begins developing their own MD Weapons. Also on this day, General Jo Myong Rok calls for the modernization of the military, during a meeting with Soviet military leaders in Moscow,...

March 18th, 2000: Soviet officials report an outbnreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Kabul, Afghanistan, sparking civil unrest and violence,...

March 29th, 2000: Premier Gennady Yanayev offers to sell the Kurile Islands to Japan for $100 billion...

March 30th, 2000: Prime Minister Eugène Terre'Blanche survives an assassination attempt in Potchefstroom, South Africa,...

April 5th, 2000: Riots erupt in Leipzig, Germany over reports of "Hong Kong Flu" by health officials,...

April 14th, 2000: Jerry Falwell warns that Jon Stewart is an "agent of intolerance" during a television broadcast in Virginia, Beach, Virginia....

May 13th, 2000: Porn star Kitty Kat, inspired by the actions of Amber McKlane, decides to enter into politics in Santa Monica, California..

May 20, 2000: Amber McKlane, and several other artists go on National tours, to "Get out the Vote". Voter Registration skyrockets. Political analysts remark that "I wouldn't be surprised if the voter turnout passes 50%."

May 25, 2000: The first new Star Wars film in nearly 20 years is released.Star Wars: Episode IV: Heir to the Empire. A screensplay written by Timothy Zahn, Joss Whedon, and David S. Goyer is released to rave reviews by both Star Wars fans and others alike.

June 15, 2000: The Republicans name John McCain/Jeb Bush. The Democrats name incumbent President Wesley Clark/Al Gore. The Liberty Party names Jon Stewart/Stephen Colbert as their candidates.

June 27th, 2000: Michiko Kakutani warns of the dangers of EMC-fueled gang rivalries in Tokyo, Japan...

July 9th 2000: A final season of After Powers is announced in conjunction with the announcement that the movie will be going ahead, set for a 2002 release date.

July 13th, 2000: Protests erupt in Durban, South Africa over the lack of AIDS/HIV vaccine nationwide,...

July 22nd, 2000: Chinese health officials report 30,470 confirmed deaths nationwide due to "Hong Kong Flu" during a press conference in Beijing, China,...

July 28th, 2000: WHO/CDC officials report c.25,000 deaths due to "Hong Kong Flu" in Dongbang, Laos,....

September 10th, 2000: Raleigh Disaster; Cape Fear River sewage plant catches fire in Raleigh, North Carolina, spilling toxic waste throughout the area...

September 15, 2000: The only debate of the 2000 election. Jon Stewart carries himself well by criticizing the Republicans no Stem Cell policy, and the Democrats for following the authoritarian policies of President Dole throughout the Clark Administration. Stewart also states that as President, "South Africa will find no support, unless they cancel their racial policies"

September 15th- October 1st, 2000-XXVII Summer Olympic Games are held in Beijing, China, despite media fears of a possible "Hong Kong Flu" outbreak. Highlights:
* The North Korean athletes are barred from competition after being caught trying to sabotage other athletes.
* International journalist comment on the "blatant corruption" in getting the Olympics to Beijing

October 7th, 2000: Masters of Orion 2 World Championship is held in Yongin, South Korea, despite concerns of "Hong Kong Flu"; Surprisingly the Soviet team wins the first championship...

October 16, 2000: Northern Quebec and Montreal vote overwhelmingly in favor to rejoin Canada in the promised referendum by 81 and 63% respectively. Transfer of territory set to commence on January 1, 2001.

October 31st, 2000: Government officials in Cairo, report the outbreak of "Hong Flu" in Cairo, Egypt, sparking international attention....

November 1, 2000: Polling shows that Stewart leads the polls 39% to Clark's 31, and the Republicans McCain at 25.

November 5, 2000: Stewart does surprisingly well... However it all comes down to California with its 52 electoral votes. It is a question between incumbent President Clark, and Congressman Stewart.

November 11th, 2000: German Chancellor Udo Voight warns of the dangers posed by "the American alliance of Jews and Negroes.", during a speech in Berlin, Germany...

November 16, 2000: At a dinner function in Toronto, MP Stephen Harper warns of a new "European Imperialism" in the old world and advocates stronger ties to Britain, the United States, and ironically, the Soviet Union.

December 8th 2000: Production on the After Powers movie is suspended again, due to Orion re-evaluating it's upcoming film productions.

December 11, 2000: A box of Ballots from New Los Angeles County go missing.

December 13, 2000: A gas station attendant in Oxnard notices two men in a towncar filled with ballot boxes driving up the coast. California State Police, ordered by Governor Bill Simon, arrest them. So begins the political scandal that would outshine Watergate. In the car were three ballot boxes. A three month investigation reveals that the drivers were ordered by General Mansfield on behest of President Clark to fix the election.

December 24, 2000: California Secretary of State announces, "After a full recount of all votes including those that went missing, I hereby announce that California's 52 electoral votes are pledged to Jon Stewart for President"

******************

January 5th, 2001: President Clark and several others including his chief of staff are arrested. Vice President Al Gore takes command.

January 9th, 2001: WHO/CDC reports that 27,300 people are dead due to "Hong Kong Flu" in Seoul, Korea, citing public health issues in northern Korea,...

January 16th, 2001: Soviet officials announce the deployment of Soviet troops into Kinshasha, Zaire as "peace-keeping" forces, sparking concern within the international community; Also on this day, Masters of Orion 2 is released at midnight at stores around the world, amdist calls for regulation,...

January 20, 2001: President Jon Stewart takes the oath of office, saying, " I, Jon Stewart, do solemnly affirm that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States..." Also on this day, Anti-European Union demonstrations break out in Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary Winnipeg, Halifax, and St. Johns.

January 23rd, 2001: Liu Chunling sets himself on fire, in an effort to protest the corruption of the Kuomingtang in Beijing, China,...

January 29th, 2001: Zurich Riots; Anti-corporate riots erupt in Zurich, Switzerland, sparked by meeting American and European Union leaders,...

February 7th, 2001: Robert Pickett fires an automatic weapon at the White House, claiming President Stewart represents the "Zionist Overlord Government..."

February 11, 2001: President Stewart, announces a new Space Initiative. The USSR, The British Space Agency and NASA will work together to put a man on Mars by 2010, from the National Air and Space Museum.

February 21st, 2001: FDA officials approve the use of Razadyne as a means to treat the dementia related to the medical side-effects of EMC users, in Washington D.C.,...

February 23rd, 2001: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm performs with Boy George at the Grammys in Los Angeles, California, in an effort to repudiate claims that he is racist or homophobic..

March 5th-6th, 2001: Ethnic and religious tensions flare up after 1,000 people are reported infected with "Hong Kong Flu" in Lhasa, Tibet,....

April 12, 2001: The Empire of South Africa occupies the country of Angola and Namibia. This sparks off what historians would later call the "Great African War"..

April 13th, 2001: Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the AWB, leads a rally in Oudtshoorn, South Africa, proclaiming the need for a "racial purity" policy...

May 3rd, 2001: WHO/CDC officials report 1,000 deaths related to "Hong Kong Flu" in Accra, Ghana,...

May 11, 2001: President Stewart announces the "New Space Initiative", working with Soviet and British Allies to put a man on Mars.

May 18th, 2001: Shrek starring the voice of Chris Farley, makes its hit debut...

May 25, 2001: Star Wars: Episode V: Dark Force Rising is released.

June 16th, 2001: Anti-corporate riots erupt in Goteborg, Sweden, as many people express anger over European Union policies,..

June 17th, 2001: President Jon Stewart deploys "military advisors" into Kinshasha, Zaire, in an effort to monitor the situation in the region....

June 25th, 2001: Barcelona Riots; Riots erupt in Barcelona, Spain, as European Defense Forces (EDF) crack down on protesters, sparking international attention...

June 28th, 2001: Defector Wang Guoqi testifies that the Kuomingtang government is experimenting in cloning technology, during testimony in Washington D.C.,...

July 27, 2001: Awesome Comics announces that it has purchased Marvel's library of characters at Comicon in San Diego. Publisher Neal Adams announces that writer Alan Moore will not only write the "Unity" mini-series that will integrate the Marvel characters, but also be the architect of the new Awesome Universe.

September 3rd 2001: Popular TV Presenter Deborah Norville has her clothes removed on-air with the Clothes Remover 3000 in New York City, New York while on FOX Evening News. The FCC, being prepared for a situation like this, enact strict new rules on TV Nudity. The FCC soon remembers that due to the McKlane case a few years ago, the FCC has absolutely no legal authority to control content on the airwaves. It is up to the networks to censor it. The incident leads to any live broadcasts having a 30 second delay.

October 1st 2001: Production goes ahead on the After Powers movie, with a release date set for summer 2003.

November 17th, 2001: Politically Incorrect (ABC-TV) host Bill Maher sparks controversy after he claims the "9 Cities Massacre" was an "inside job"....

December 25th, 2001: Gangs of New York starring Leonardo Di Caprio, Cameron Diaz, and Daniel Day-Lewis makes its hit debut,..

*****************

January 14th, 2002: John Pilger and Dennis Sewell of The New Statesmen claim a "Kosher Conspiracy" in regards to the election of President Jon Stewart in London, England,...

February 8th, 2002: "Rollerball" becomes a popular extreme sport, after the release of the film Rollerball starring LL Cool J and Chris Klein...

February 8th-24th, 2002-XIX Winter Olympic Games are held in Quebec City, Quebec, highlighted by nationalist sentiment by the Quebecois government. Highlights:
* For the first time in nearly 40 years, it is neither the US or USSR that leads the medal total but Austria.
* Michelle Kwan gets gold. Although controversy sparks afterwards when it is found that one of her former boyfriend's, was involved in the hit and run that resulted in Sarah Hughes losing her leg after leaving her practice rink a month before the Olympics. Kwan would be stripped of the Gold following a 2004 ruling by the IOC

February 27th, 2002: Merck Scandal; FDA agents warn of failed AIDS/HIV vaccine in Washington D.C., amidst reports of corporate corruption,...

March 20, 2002: Unity by Awesome Comics becomes the first comic book to sell over one million copies, as well as the first title available on the Internet (for a reduced price). Critics mark this as the start of new Platinum Age of Comics.

April 1st, 2002: Vince McMahon announces in Stamford Connecticut the formation of the Rollerbal League of America (RLA) with television rights signed by ABC-TV and ESPN-TV,....

April 11th, 2002: Venezuelan Civil War begins; U.S.-backed guerillas, loyal to Pedro Carmona, overthrow the government of President Hugo Chavez in Caracas, Venezuela,...

April 15, 2002: A chronic depression in Quebec leads to the ouster of the Quebecois Liberals in the national elections. The new Parti Liberté (inspired in part by the Liberty Party in the United States) led by Maxine Brenier rises to power under promises of fiscal responsibility and smaller government.

April 16th, 2002: Talk show host Parker Dashwood sparks international controversy after airing an episode about "Hong Kong Flu", blaming consumption of chicken and poultry...

April 22nd, 2002: President Jon Stewart is attacked in Congress by Arab-American leaders for his "advocacy for Zionism..."

April 25th, 2002: Reverend Billy Graham denounces President Jon Stewart as an "enemy of Christianity" during a speech in Montreat, North Carolina...

May 2nd, 2002: Premier Gennady Yanayev proclaims the completion of the 1,362-ft. (100-stories) Palace of the Soviets, designed by Boris Iofan, Vladimir Shchuko and Vladimir Gelfreikh in Moscow, as a "triumph of socialist paradigm"...

May 15th 2002: Australia and New Zealand announce plans to construct an underwater tunnel between the two countries, splitting at New Zealand's end to branch to both Islands.

May 16th, 2002: Star Wars: Dark Force Rising makes its hit film debut, starring Harrison Ford, Mark Hamill, and Carrie Fisher,...

May 16th-17th, 2002: South African Ambassador Pieter Mulder calls for representation within the United Nations General Assembly, sparking international controversy,...

May 19th, 2002: Dark Skies (NBC-TV) starring Eric Roberts and Jeri Ryan, airs its final episode, with a cult status from fans,....

May 25th, 2002: U2 singer Bono, is injured while visiting U.N. peace-keeping troops in Kinshasha, Zaire, sparking international attention...

May 27th, 2002: Conservative Phyllis Schafly claims during a speech in Virginia Beach, Virginia, claiming that assault with a Clothes Remover 3000 does not constitute "sexual assault", especially if it is done by a woman's husband,...

June 4, 2002: RAW begins Operation Krishna, a targeted assassination program of secessionist leaders in Kashmir modeled on Operation Phoenix. Also on this day, Rollerball player Tim "the Eagle" Sheehy announces a $6.1 million video-game deal with Atari, during a press conference in San Jose, California...

June 5th, 2002: PM Venkaiah Naidu, BJP, warns of the deployment of nuclear weapons on the Indo-Pakistani border, during a televised speech in New Delhi, India....

June 6th, 2002: Kashmir Event; asteroid impacts the disputed Kashmir region betweeen India and Pakistan with the force of a 26.0 kiloton nuclear weapon, triggering panic across both sides of the Indo-Pakistani border...

June 7th, 2002: WHO/CDC officials report 27,000 killed by "Hong Kong Flu" in Sham Shui Po, China,....

June 7th, 2002: Day of Rage; Indian UAV is seen as "act of war" by causing Mohammad Nawaz Sharif to order the launch of Pakistani nuclear weapon into Delhi, India. Indian PM Venkaiah Naidu, orders a counter-strike into Islamabad, Pakistan; According to UN officials death tolls reach 6,971,000 people on both sides, millions becoming refugees...

June 11th, 2002: American Idol (UPN-TV) hosted by Simon Cowell, DJ Stryker, Angie Martinez, and Cyndi Lauper, makes its hit debut; Also on this day, Talks of a Pan-American Trade Union begin in Brasilia, Brazil between the Western Hemisphere nations.

June 13, 2002: When asked about Franco-Quebec elections during a press conference at the Pan-American Trade Accords, Premier Maxine Brenier calls French President Jean-Marie Le Pen "A sniveling lapdog of the Islamo-Imperialists" and publicly declares Quebecois people "the real French."

June 17th, 2002: "Hope For South Asia: A Global Benefit" a telethon, featuring George Clooney, Shakira, Cher, Sheryl Crow, Stevie Wonder, and others, takes place in New York City, New York...

June 26th, 2002: European Union (EU) leaders announce a "debt crisis" in Budapest, Hungary, deploying the European Defense Force (EDF) into the region; Also on this day, Battle of Jammu; Indian and Pakistani forces clash in Jammu and Kashmir, causing a massive humanitarian crisis...

June 27th, 2002: Kashmir secessionist group Dukhtaran-e-Millat (DEM), launches attacks into Jammus and Kashmir, sparking national attention,....

June 29th, 2002: 7.2 earthquake devastates Xingtai, Jilin Province, China, killing 2,543 people

July 8th, 2002: Pakistan backs the Islamic fundamentalist group Harakat ul-Mujaheddin in Kashmir, sparking anti-Muslim violence in the region...

August 1st, 2002: Indian ambassador Shri Amarnath Yatra Sangharsh Samiti proclaims the policy of "no surrender, no retreat" in Amarnanth, Kashmir,...

August 6th 2002: Production of the After Powers movie is suspended indefinitely due to overspending on the production budget.''

August 7th, 2002: "Young Artists for India/Pakistan" album featuring songs by Norah Jones, Sanjaya Malakar, No Doubt, and Bone Thugs N'Harmony, makes its hit debut, in an effort to provide relief for South Asia...

August 10th, 2002: Hagrama Mahillary, Bodo Liberation Tigers, announces the secession of Bodoland in Kokrajhar, India; Also on this day, Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi orders the Indian Army into Bodoland and imposes President's Rule in the state.

August 11th, 2002: Battle of Muzaffarabad; Pakistani forces back Muslim insurgents in Muzaffarabad, Kashmir,....

August 21st, 2002: Premier Hwang Jang-yop meets with Soviet leader Gennady Yanayev in Vladivostok, winning approval for the purchase of Sukhoi fighter planes...

August 31st, 2002: President Jon Stewart calls for peace talks between India and Pakistan in Paris, France;...

September 19th, 2002: Sinuiju Incident; North Korean troops fire on Chinese refugees infected with "Hong Kong Flu" in Sinuiju, North Korea...

September 20th, 2002: Firefly (UPN-TV) created by Joss Whedon, makes its hit series debut,...

October 21st, 2002: Young film-maker M. Night Shamylon releases his autobiographical film The Way I Am, becoming a major hit,...

November 13th, 2002: Massive drought strikes Sub-Saharan Africa, amidst calls for humanitarian aid to the United States and European Union,...

November 26th, 2002: Israeli Mossad officials accuse Egypt of aiding Hezbollah and Hamas guerillas with military weapons, during a press conference in Tel Aviv, Israel...

November 28th, 2002: Doctor David Wroe warns that a vaccine resistant strain of AIDS/HIV has been reported in Sydney, Australia...

December 13th, 2002: Bodoland leaders led by Hagrama Mahillary, announce a national referendum confirming secession of Bodoland....


*****************

January 12th, 2003: Brandon Carl Vedas, EMC-enthusiast is hospitalized after suffering epileptic seizures related to EMC usage in Phoenix, Arizona....

January 20th, 2003: Police launch a campaign to crackdown on "geek chic" by banning Segways from city streets in San Francisco, California,...

January 22nd, 2003: South Africa under Eugène Terre'Blanche enters into the war in Zaire, citing a policy of "preventative war", during a speech in Johannesburg,...

March 15th, 2003: French President Jean-Marie Le Pen accuses President Jon Stewart of being "on the payroll of Jewish organizations, and particularly of the B'nai B'rith"

April 7th, 2003: "Africa's World War" grinds almost to a halt, due to famine, threatening to become a "humanitarian disaster" for c. 40 million people,...

April 9th, 2003: Ghulam Mohammed Baloch, Baloch National Movement, announces the secession of Balochistan from Pakistan, in Mastung, sparking international attention...

April 21st, 2003: Film-maker M. Night Shamylon releases his next Film, It's All the Rage" sparking controversy over his EMC-usage, and glorification of EMC use...

April 28th, 2003: President Jon Stewart angers millions of Americans after calling former President Harry Truman a "war criminal" after saying during an interview with Maury Povich,"Here's what I think of the atom bombs. I think if you dropped an atom bomb fifteen miles offshore and you said, "The next one's coming and hitting you," then I would think it's okay. To drop it on a city, and kill a hundred thousand people. Yeah. I think that's criminal..."

May 1st, 2003: Katharine Jane Hudson leads protests in London, England, protesting American intervention in "Africa's World War"....

May 13th, 2003: MP Daniel Féret, National Front Party, is elected Prime Minister, amidst anti-American and anti-Soviet sentiment in Brussels, Belgium,...

May 15, 2003: A French author, François-Xavier Verschave , states that perhaps "Europe should once more colonize Africa. Without Europe it seems to be nothing but chaos"

May 25, 2003: Babylon 5: The New Beginning is released, detailing the Earth-Minbari War. Critics call this day the "Battle of the Box Office."

May 29th-30th, 2003: Shopian Riots; Riots erupt in Shopian, Kashmir amidst reports of rape by Indian military forces, martial law imposed...

May 31st, 2003: United Nations Security Council announces its approval for the deployment of "peace-keeping" forces into the African conflict, during an emergency session in New York City, New York,....

June 2nd, 2003: Film-maker M. Night Shamylon beats up comedian Jason Segel on stage at the Documentary awards in Las Vegas, Nevada....

June 3rd-6th, 2003: The Magic Hour (FOX-TV) host Earvin "Magic" Johnson, travels to Kinshasha, Zaire, to entertain Allied troops,...

July 1, 2003: MP Stephen Harper breaks away from the Progressive Conservatives to found the Nationalist Party of Canada. He criticizes the "blatant hypocrisy" of the European Union and advocates the "natural superiority of the New World's peoples over that of Western Europeans." In that same speech he calls the Empire of South Africa a "nation of mongrels that needs to be put to sleep." Also on this day, Vince McMahon anounces a $1.3 billion dollar plan to launch "Loco-TV" (LTV), a network that will focus exclusively on extreme sports including the Rollerball League of America (RLA) in New York City, New York...

July 6th, 2003: U.S. State Department announces that it will intervene in the humanitarian crisis in Kinshasha, Zaire,...

July 22nd, 2003: Film director Sam Raimi announces that he is doing a interactive film adaptation of the Masters of Orion 2 with Bruce Campbell, in Hollywood, California...

July 23rd, 2003: Arsenio Hall Show (FOX-TV) host Arsenio Hall is proclaimed "America's most beloved late-night icon"...

July 25th, 2003: The Devil & Daniel Webster starring Anthony Hopkins, Jennifer Love-Hewitt, and Alec Baldwin, makes its hit film debut ...

July 27th, 2003: Right-wing military officers under "Bagong Katipuneros" overthrow the government of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in Manila, Philippines,...

July 30, 2003: Polls in Canada and Australia reveal that support for the growing "nationalist" movements

August 15, 2003: Anti-EU and Anti-South African riots in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand turn violent. Protests in Ottawa end in the deaths of fifteen European tourists, and the firebombing of the South African Embassy. In Canberra, several staff from the EU member embassies are dragged out an severely beaten by rioters until dispersed by police.

October 1, 2003: In a defiant speech to the Congress Party conference, Rajiv Gandhi says he will postpone his retirement, originally scheduled for year's end, "until the last rebel lays down his arms" and announces a Cabinet shuffle. The Prime Minister receives a 96% approval rating from the delegates in his biannual leadership review.

October 18th, 2003: Riots erupt in Bangkok, Thailand as demonstrators demand an affordable vaccine for AIDS/HIV virus,....

October 25th, 2003: Chicago Cubs beat the New York Yankees, 5-4, in Game 6, breaking the 95 year baseball curse in Chicago, Illinois

November 14th-November 19th, 2003: Congressional Republicans and Democrats launch a shutdown of the federal government, voicing their anger at President Jon Stewart,...

November 19, 2003: At the biennial CHOGM, a resolution affirming unconditional support for India is passed, led by British Prime Minister David Davis, Australian Prime Minister John Howard and Canadian President Stephen Harper. Also on this day, The 2,717 ft. (163-floors) is inaugurated as the "Freedom Tower" in New York City, New York, becoming the largest man-made structure on Earth....

December 7th, 2003: Viktor Arkadyevich Tyulkin comes to power as Premier of the Soviet Union, during a power struggle within the Communist Party in Moscow,...

December 16th, 2003: Justice Department announces a legal injunction against Kitty Kat, and her underground broadcasts in Los Angeles, California...

December 16th, 2003-January 6th, 2004: Congressional Republicans and Democrats launch a shutdown of the government, voicing their anger at the policies of President Jon Stewart

*****************

January 5, 2004: Stephen Harper announces his intention to run for the Canadian presidency, finding widespread support from the West.

January 9, 2004: Panama and Argentina are the last nations to ratify the Pan-American Trade Union.

February 6th, 2004: "Curry-N-Hurry" restaurant chain settles a age discrimination lawsuit against the firm in San Francisco, California...

February 12th, 2004: Former porn star Kitty Kat is labeled by the mainstream press as a "Generation Terrorist", after hacking portions of her porn films onto C-SPAN broadcasts...

February 25, 2004: Hagrama Mihillary is assassinated by unknown soldiers. After the war some would claim it was Indian special forces or RAW counterterror operatives working in colloboration with CIA or MI6, others Pakistanis who felt that Mihillary had become a liability.

February 26th, 2004: Talk show host Parker Dashwood is ruled "not guilty" by the Ninth Circuit Federal Court, after being charged with libel and slander by the Poultry Farmers of America (PFA) for her episodes on "Hong Kong Flu"...

March 2nd, 2004: Several American activists are arrested in Genoa, Italy, on charges of EMC-trafficking and distribution, along with espionage and terrorism charges, for attempting to disrupt European Union events...

March 5, 2004: Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is overthrown by Army Chief of Staff Gen. Pervez Musharraf and placed under house arrest. Musharraf takes office as President, declaring martial law and ordering the Army into Balochistan.

March 15th, 2004: The Magic Hour (FOX-TV) hosted by Earvin "Magic" Johnson sparks international controversy by interviewing self-proclaimed Mahdi Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi in Los Angeles, California...

March 19th, 2004: Chinese President Chen Shui-bian and Vice-President Annette Lu Hsiu-lien are assassinated in Beijing, China, amidst accusations of Kuomintang ties to Triads,...

March 28th, 2004: French President Jean-Marie Le Pen proclaims his daughter, Marine Le Pen, as a "potential successor", after her electoral victory in Île-de-France, France....

April 1, 2004: 7.3 earthquake strikes Pakistan, killing over 150,000 civilians and causing a humanitarian catastrophe.

April 11, 2004: Troops are withdrawn from the Indian border to deal with the humanitarian catastrophe in eastern Pakistan.

April 13th, 2004: Rumors swirl around Hollywood, California that Film-maker M. Night Shamylon will leave the film industry to retire after shooting his latest film, The Challenger Disaster, an alternate history of the world which follows the "butterfly effect of history" following Challenger blowing up in 1986. On Alternatehistories.com people call it total ASB.

April 14th, 2004: 6.5 earthquake hits Salton, Sea, California. Shockwaves are felt in Los Angeles, California,...

May 1st, 2004: Christ Over Our Life (COOL) announces its formation of Christian Rollerball teams in Virginia Beach, Virginia....

May 26th, 2004: Egyptian forces aid Palestinean forces in capturing the Gaza Strip, sparking international attention and concern,...

June 11th, 2004: Major Eric Lenge overthrows the government of Joseph Kabila in Kinshasha, Zaire, launching a civil war; Also on this day, Eugène Terre'Blanche leads a "racial purity" rally in Ventersdorp, South Africa, angering many human rights organizations; Also on this day, The Stepford Wives directed by Tim Burton, starring John Cusack and Jane Fonda, makes its hit debut,...

June 16th 2004 - After the enactment of Stewart's public healthcare legislation in November 2003, the owner of a private health insurance broker in Cleveland, Ohio, Stuart Manning is forced to file for Chapter 11

June 26th, 2004: "Curry-N-Hurry" restaurant shares become publicly traded on the Pacific Stock Exchange in San Francisco, California....

July 4, 2004: Robert Zubrin meets with President Stewart at a campaign event at Cape Canaveral. President Stewart speaks, "President Kennedy once said, that we choose to go to the moon, and we did. The ultimate travesty is that we stopped pushing our limits. Well you can thank the Republicans and Democrats of the 1970s for that, they chose to take the money for space for a war in Vietnam. 25 years ago, the idea of a joint mission to Mars with the Soviets and the British seemed absurd, but today we are so close to putting a man and/or woman on Mars. Ladies and Gentleman once we get there with a six man crew: Two russians, two Americans, and two British, it will symbolize a new age of peace and show that the squabbles that brought two nations to nearly destroying the planet, are indeed behind us, and that Humanity can embark into a new Frontier." President Stewart would be shot a few days later.

July 7th 2004 - Manning's wife Amelia tells him she is asking for a divorce

July 10th - July 14th 2004 - Massachusetts Senator John Kerry is nominated as the Democratic nominee for President at their convention with former North Carolina Senator John Edwards as Vice President

July 15th 2004 - Stuart Manning goes missing and is reported as such by his estranged wife.

July 18th, 2004: French President Jean-Marie Le Pen accuses President Jon Stewart of inflaming religious tensions through his support of Israel,...

July 19th, 2004: CDC officials in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania report that Alzheimer's disease rates have risen 250%, due to EMC usage; Also on this day, At 9 AM local time, Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi delivers a national televised address announcing the end of the Bodoland rebellion and conventional military operations in the province. President's Rule is ended and Kashmir's state assembly is dissolved for fresh elections.

July 20, 2004: Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf announces that Pakistan will "fight to the last drop of blood" to retain Balochistan but withdraws its troops behind its side of the Line of Control.

August 3rd 2004 - While at a joint campaign appearance in Cleveland, President Jon Stewart and Vice President Stephen Colbert are assassinated by Manning who shoots at their platform from a nearby rooftop. Stewart who was shot three times in the chest dies on the scene while Colbert who took two bullets to the neck and stomach dies three hours later in hospital. As such, the Speaker of the House, Republican Richard Armey is sworn in as the 46th President of the United States after Al Gore's 15 day Acting Presidency in January 2001 registered him as the 44th President.

August 13th-29th, 2004-XXVIII Summer Olympic Games are held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, becoming the first Summer Olympic Games to be featured in South America...

August 20, 2004: On his 60th birthday, Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi wins his fifth and final term in a khaki landslide with 413 of 542 seats in the Lok Sabha, surpassing his 1984 victory.

August 23rd - August 26th 2004 - After the loss of their nominees, a deeply divided Liberty Convention nominates Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman as their Presidential nominee with former Defense Secretary Thomas Friedman of New York as Vice President

August 30th - September 2nd 2004 - The Republicans nominate their primary winner, Maine Senator Susan Collins as their nominee for President with Governor George Pataki of New York as Vice President.

September 17th 2004 - With party infighting, Liberty nominee Joe Lieberman makes a very public gaffe insulting Amber McKlane by making lewd comments while being recorded.

September 29th, 2004: Ultra-nationalist Ferenc Gyurcsány is elected Prime Minister, despite Soviet and American efforts to support different candidates in Budapest, Hungary...

September 30, 2004: Canadian Federal Elections, Stephen Harper's Nationalists win over Paul Martin's Liberals by an extremely close 0.9%. However, the Nationalists have little representation in Parliament.

October 3rd 2004 - Polls show that Senator Hutchison leads Senator Kerry by six points with Lieberman trailing three behind Kerry.

October 7th-10th, 2004: Counter-government terrorist attacks in Cairo, Egypt, are blamed on opposition leader Khaled Abu Toamah, sparking national civil unrest...

October 12th, 2004: CBS-TV anchor Maury Povich reports that, according to the Department of Justice, the Clothes Remover 3000 has been responsible for 70 deaths in August 2004 alone, and 150 since June 2001,...

October 13, 2004: In a memo that will be revealed only many years later, Musharraf and Gandhi exchange views on a proposed UN-monitored referendum on the permanent status of Kashmir. Musharraf refuses out of domestic fears: the Pakistani public's nationalistic mood leaves him no room to negotiate, plus the ongoing Balochi rebellion has left Musharraf himself averse to all compromise. However both men agree to maintain the status quo ante bellum "for the foreseeable future."

November 2nd 2004 - Susan Collins is elected as the 47th President of the United States; Although the Liberty Party lost the presidency they gained control of the Senate.

November 25th, 2004: WHO/CDC officials report that 750,000 people infected with the AIDS/HIV virus in China, after corrupt officials allow faulty batches of the vaccine to be used nationwide...

December 22nd, 2004: Phantom of the Opera musical directed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, starring Sarah Brightman, Michael Crawford, makes its hit film debut,....

***************

January 6, 2005: The Senate approves to continue funding the Africa War despite a record breaking filibuster....

January 7th, 2005: President Jean-Marie Le Pen proclaims "German occupation was civilized and just, compared to the occupation imposed by Americans..." during a speech in Paris, France...

January 14th, 2005: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm shocks fans after he marries Kurt T. Quent during a ceremony in San Francisco, California. All rumors of homophobia are squashed

January 19th, 2005: Spanish Civil Guard units arrest a 37yo man in Alicante, Spain for using the Clothes Remover 3000 is a series of serial rapes...

February 2, 2005: At a meeting with Quebec Primer Brenier, President Harper promises a new era in Canada/Quebec relations as "two mature nations" and promises more investment in the Quebecois economy.

April 2nd, 2005: Mother Simon-Pierre Normand launches a clinic in Paris, France, to aid the victims of EMC usage,...

May 11th 2005 - President Collins announces that the US Treasury Building will be re-named as the Jon Stewart Building in memory of the assassinated President

May 19th, 2005: Star Wars: The Last Command makes its hit film debut, starring Harrison Ford, Mark Hamill, Carrie Fisher and Scarlet Johanson as Mara Jade

May 23rd, 2005: Members of the Liberty and Democratic Party threaten to shutdown the government, during a rally in Washington D.C.,...

May 31st, 2005: Walt Disney Corp. announces plans to develop a Rollerball League, in an effort to compete with the RLA in Orlando, Florida...

June 16th, 2005: Opposition leader Gao Rongrong is arrested and tortured by police, linked with the Kuomingtang in Longshan, China...

June 22nd, 2005: Liberty Party and Christian Action Network (CAN) members begin disseminating the rumor that President Susan Collins is a "closet lesbian" in Washington D.C.,...

June 23rd, 2005: The Truth About Susan by conservative Edward Klein, attacks President Susan Collins as being "influenced by the culture of lesbianism..."

July 10th 2005: Microsoft announced it's intention to form a free-to-air Television Network, filled with Internet Generated content. Many criticize Microsoft for the move, saying that the idea will never work.

January 20, 2005: President Collins strikes the funding for "The Ares Mission from the budget". It is the start a long political feud

August 13th, 2005: Film-maker M. Night Shamylon confirms that he is undergoing drug rehabilitation in Beverly Hills, California for an EMC addiction...

August 16th, 2005: Firefly (UPN-TV) star Summer Glau becomes an Internet celebrity after lunching a series of political blogs from Los Angeles, California,...

September 3rd 2005 - President Collins signs into law her education reform bill that seeks to improve funding to inner city programs and cut bureaucratic waste.

September 7th, 2005: USS Pueblo, captured in 1968, is turned over to President Susan Collins at Pyongyang, North Korea as a sign of diplomatic good faith....

September 28th, 2005: Venezuelan authorities accuse Luis Posada Carriles of runnning Cuban drug smuggling operations through Havana, Cuba...

October 14th, 2005: Beijing, China is covered in a massive snowstorm, covering the city in c.12.1 feet of snow, paralyzing the national capitol,...

December 21st, 2005: Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mufaz orders the deployment of troops along the Egyptian border, sparking international attention...

December 31, 2005: Rajiv Gandhi retires and takes up his new post as Secretary-General of the Commonwealth on January 30, 2006, succeeding former Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke.

****************

January 11th 2006: Orion Pictures announced that the After Powers movie will be made on a smaller budget as a darker reboot of the franchise. Some are saying that the movie is becoming the main example of film Development Hell.

January 23rd, 2006: Firefly (UPN-TV) creator Joss Whedon, launches the "Can't Stop the Signal" campaign calling for greater Internet communications freedoms in Los Angeles, California...

February 6th, 2006: New England Journal of Medicine reports that use of narcotics, can speed up the neural damage caused by EMC usage; Also on this day, WHO/CDC officials in Entebbe, Uganda report a vaccine-resistant strain of the AIDS/HIV virus, sparking international attention,...

February 10th-26th, 2006-XX Winter Olympic Games are held in Zakopane, Poland, attempts to show the "new face of Communist-Socialism"....

February 18th 2006: Both ends of the Australia-New Zealand tunnel meet. Unfortunatly, an error in construction and safety causes the tunnel to flood, killing over 2/3rds of the workers. The project is abandoned, with both sides blaming the other for the construction flaw.

February 24th, 2006: Filipino Civil War erupts; Troops loyal to Brigadier General Danilo D. Lim overthrow the governmetn in Manila, Philippines,...

March 27th 2006 - Secretary of State Chuck Hagel and President Susan Collins sign the Richmond Accords with Chinese leadership, a historic treaty in terms of relations with China.

March 13th, 2006: Members of the Duke University lacrosse team are placed on academic after Crystal Gale Magnum of Durham, North Carolina, accuses the team of assaulting her with a Clothes Remover 3000...

April 19th, 2006: DHL Zeppelin is launched in Suntec City, Singapore, complete with gambling establishments for guests, and trips to Malaysia, Indonesia and China...

April 25th, 2006: Egyptian opposition leader Mustafa Bakri defects to Israeli IDF forces along the Gaza Strip,...

May 5th, 2006: Swarm of Angels interactive film directed by Cory Doctrow and Warren Ellis, makes its hit debut; Also on this day, Evangelist George Jardine announces the formation of "Rollerball Ministries" in association with Christ Over Our Life (COOL) in Las Vegas, Nevada...

May 18th, 2006: Tsunami hits the Pacific Northwest, after an offshore quake triggers a tsunami, off the coast of Seattle, Washington,...

May 20, 2006: The Liberty Party and Democrats overcome Collins veto of their budget. The Ares Mission is due to launch.

June 20th, 2006: Senate candidate Michael S. Steele (R-MD) appears on Late Night with Pat Sajak (CBS-TV), boosting his bid for Congress,...

August 18th, 2006: The Superconducting Super Collider is inaugurated in Waxahachie, Texas, despite concerns as a "pork barrel" project...

September 20th, 2006: Jericho (CBS-TV) starring Skeet Ulrich, Gerald McRaney, and Esai Morales, makes its hit debut, sparking controversy with its portrayal of a nuclear terrorist attack,...

October 9th, 2006: Eugène Terre'Blanche authorizes a nuclear weapons test at Pelindaba, South Africa, in further defiance of United Nations sanctions,...

November 4th 2006 - The Democrats re-take the House but fail to re-gain the Senate, Nancy Pelosi is elected to replace Tom DeLay as Speaker who assumed the job in 2004 after Dick Armey became President. Election turnout remains quite high, with the over 60 and the 18-25 demographic being the ones most likely to vote.

December 2nd, 2006: Bangkok Riots; Riots erupt in Bangkok, Thailand over the lack of affordable vaccines for AIDS/HIV...

December 16th, 2006: March of the Discontented; Pro-democracy riots led by Mikhail Kasyanov erupt in Moscow, to be brutally suppressed by Soviet military forces, 23 killed...

December 22nd, 2006: Foodfight animated film featuring the voices of Charlie Sheen, Hillary Duff, and Wayne Brady makes its hit debut,...

*******************

January 20th, 2007: French President Jean-Marie Le Pen launches a "virtual coup" in Paris, France, seizing control of the Second Life platforms nationwide...

February 27th, 2007: Eddie Murphy wins the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for his role as James "Thunder" Early in DreamGirls; Also on this day, Ares I is launched towards the Red PLanet. It is unmanned and lands at Utopia Plantia, and begins processing to be the crew's return vehicle to Earth.

March 2nd 2007 - The government shuts down after Collins' battle with the new Democratic House and Speaker Nancy Pelosi over the budget.

March 3rd, 2007: March of the Discontented; Pro-democracy riots led by Lyudmila Alexeyeva erupt in Leningrad, Russia. Demonstrators spread word through the Internet and prominent social networking sites...

March 12, 2007: The Senate refuses to ratify the Hokkaido Accords for International Environmental Regulations, citing the loopholes with regards to China, India and Brazil. The Liberty party refuses as a whole citing that it compells expensive yet ineffective means of combating global warming.

March 24th, 2007: March of the Discontented; Pro-democracy riots erupt in Nizhny Novgorod, sparking concern of a collapse. Martial law is imposed in the region....

March 25th, 2007: Ocarina of Time interactive film is released in San Jose, California, as an independent film production...

March 28th 2007 - The Government re-opens after a deal is reached.

April 5, 2007: The Senate passes a bill let all student loan payments be tax deductible.

April 14th, 2007: March of the Discontented; Pro-democracy riots led by Mikhail Delyagin, erupt in Moscow. Demonstrators spread word through the Internet and prominent social networking sites...

April 29th, 2007: Egyptian Major General Burhan Hamad leads a series of rocket attacks into Israeli settler camps, along the Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula...

June 4th, 2007: General Vang Pao overthrows the communist government in Vientiane, Laos, sparking civil unrest and violence,...

June 10th, 2007: Despite American political pressure, PM Daniel Féret wins re-election in Brussels, Belgium,...

June 15th, 2007: Revenge of the Nerds remake starring Adam Brody, Dan Byrd, Katie Cassidy, Kristin Cavallari, Jenna Dewan, Chris Marquette, Ryan Pinkston, Efren Ramirez, and Nick Zano makes its hit debut, tapping into "geek chic"...

July 6th, 2007: FDA approves Novartis' Exelon Patch (a.k.a. "The Patch"), as a means of dealing with the side-effects of EMC. "The Patch" becomes popular at nightclubs and colleges,...

August 23rd, 2007: Military coup is launched against Prime Minister Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif by General Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad, Pakistan...

September 14th, 2007: Accusations mount that President Susan Collins accepted foreign contributions for her 2004 presidential campaign..

October 15th, 2007: "Teenage Horniness Is Not A Crime" single by porn star Kitty Kat in Los Angeles, California, in defiance of security measures imposed by the federal government...

November 9th, 2007: Norfolk Disaster; Flooding by North Sea occurs from Humberside to Kent, England, sparking a national emergency,...

November 14th, 2007: Southland Tales starring Dwayne Johnson, Jessica Simpson, Justin Timberlake and Sarah Michelle-Gellar makes its hit film debut....

December 1st, 2007: "Curry-N-Hurry" reaches its highest stock price on the Pacific Stock Exchange in San Francisco, California...

December 5th, 2007: The Golden Compass based on the novel by Philip Pullman, starring Dakota Blue Richards, Daniel Craig, and Nicole Kidman makes its hit debut...

*******************

January 11th, 2008: Politically Incorrect (ABC-TV) host Bill popularizes the phrase "Blogga, Please!!"

January 21st, 2008: U.S. Army levees collapse in Hannibal, Missouri, destroying the home of Mark Twain,...

February 1st, 2008: Rumors spread by the Liberty Party and by the Republican Party claims a lesbian affair between President Susan Collins and Arab-American aide Huma Abedin in Washington D.C.,...

February 22nd, 2008: Police raid the Science Fiction Writers Association (SFWA) Nebula Awards meeting in Washington D.C., after a fight breaks out over a fan made interactive film is introduced,...

March 10th, 2008: Representative Tim Couch (R-KY) introduces legislation that would ban anonymous messages and comments on the Internet, before Congress in Washington D.C.,...

April 21st, 2008: Police raid the ConFusion in Detroit, Michigan after reports of sexual harassment by Clothes Remover 3000 devices is reported,...

April 24th, 2008: Michael Heath, Christian Civic League, and senior aide to Senator Fred Thompson (R-TN) admits to having a sexual affair with President Susan Collins, during a press conference in Portland, Maine...

April 27th 2008 - President Collins admits her affair with Michael Heath, but goes on to attack Liberty for their smear campaign.

May 14th, 2008: 6.8 earthquake hits Manila, Philippines, killing 674 people,...

May 15th, 2008: Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) launches an investigation into links between Halliburton contracts, and mercenaries in Zaire,....

May 22nd, 2008: Indiana Jones and the Staff of the Kings starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, and Kevin Costner...

June 5th 2008: The After Powers movie premieres to universally negative reviews, citing a poor and outdated script, and obvious cost cutting in production. It only makes 1/8th of it's budget back.

June 19th, 2008: Beijing Disaster; 7.9 earthquake devastates Beijing, China, c. 5,879 people killed due to shoddy construction and ruptured gas mains,...

August 6th, 2008: Representatives from 42 African nations demand a cheaper vaccine for the AIDS/HIV virus during an international conference in Mexico City, Mexico...

August 8th-24th, 2008-XXIX Summer Olympic Games are held in Istanbul, Turkey, sparking fears of Islamic fundamentalist violence,...

August 16th, 2008: Mark Rein·Hagen, EMC enthusiast, is arrested in Tblisi, Georgia, after attempting to supply Georgian nationalists, angering Soviet officials,...

September 2nd, 2008: Egyptian General Muhammad Mahdi Akif proclaims his support for Palestinean attacks along the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Sinai Peninsula, during a press conference in Cairo, Egypt...

September 30th, 2008: Opposition leaders Nikolai Gotsa and Andrei Bogdanov are arrested in Moscow, for "crimes against the state"...

October 8th, 2008: Gidget Gein and Marilyn Manson are killed in a car crash in Burbank, California, police it is drug-related...

October 20th, 2008: Ripper (BBC-TV) mini-series starring Anthony Stewart Head, makes its hit debut, detailing the back story of Rupert Giles,...

November 4th 2008 - The Collins/Pataki ticket wins re-election narrowly over the ticket of John Edwards/Bill Richardson and the Liberty ticket of Tom Friedman/Bob Barr. The Election is a squeaker. No candidate has captured enough to gain the 270 to win. The Election is thrown to the House of Representatives. The GOP lost Senate Plurality in 2006 to the Liberty Party. and in the 2008 Election, they lost their slim majority over the House.

December 11th, 2008: European Defense Forces (EDF) are deployed into Athens, Greece in an effort to deal with civil unrest and violence related to the privatization of the national pension fund. Also on this day, The vote is split right across partisan lines. Republican Speaker of the House, Arnold Schwarzenegger (R-CA) announces that "Susan Collins will be the President for the next term of office." Liberty Party and Democratic Party heads work together to undermine her.

December 14th, 2008: North Korean officials report the formation of Orascom cellular communications, becoming one of the fastest growing telecommunications firms in the Pacific Rim,...

December 15, 2008: In response to "further EU aggression", President Harper (with a the surprising support of Canadian Parliament) declares all EU ambassadors Personnae Non Grata and orders their staff out of the country. Several other commonwealth follow suit with the exception of Britain; this sparks a cool in relations between Europe and the "colonies".

December 16th, 2008: Amnesty International reports that c.334 deaths can be attributed to the Clothes Remover 3000 nationwide,...

December 24th, 2008: Tarlan Ramazanov introduces Rollerball to the Soviet Union in Baku, Azerbaijan,...

December 25th-31st, 2008: Israeli IDF forces launch a major offensive against Hamas and Hezbollah positions along the Gaza Strip, West Bank and Sinai Peninsula, sparking outrage by the Arab community...

*******************

January 9th, 2009: EMC-enthusiast Mary Anne Mohanraj calls for an end to racism within "geek chic" in London, England...

January 28th, 2009: Israeli IDF forces report the discovery of tunnels directly from Egyptian territory, directly leading into the Gaza Strip, sparking concerns of an attack by Egypt...

February 1st, 2009: Baltimore Cardinals safety Pat Tillman and Santonio Holmes win the Super Bowl, 23-20,...

February 13th, 2009: Dollhouse (UPN-TV) created by Joss Whedon, starring Eliza Dushku, secures the reputation of UPN-TV as "the network Joss built..."

March 10th, 2009: 16-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen), calls President Susan Collins a "F$%& Whore" during a press conference outside the White House in Washington D.C.,...

March 20th, 2009: The Age of Stupid interactive film documentary starring Pete Postelwhaite, makes its debut, as an indictment of the damage to the environment by modern technology; Also on this day, Science fiction author Elizabeth Bear is hospitalized in New York City, New York after an EMC-enthusiast attacked her in New York City, New York; Also on this day, Susan: The Movie a political documentary by Evan Vucci and David Bossie of Kansas City, Missouri, makes its hit debut in theaters, lambasting President Susan Collins...

March 24th, 2009: Susan: The Movie is pulled from many theaters, after members of the Justice Department launch investigations into allegations of election law violations by the film makers.

March 27th, 2009: Silvio Berlusconi launches the "People of Freedom" campaign, proclaiming the need for European independence from the influence of the United States and Soviet Union, during a rally in Rome, Italy...

April 1st, 2009: London Riots; British military forces are deployed in an effort to crackdown on pro-European Union (EU) riots in London, England...

April 2, 2009: President Harper of Canada calls the London Rioters, "cronies of the decrepit European Union, and enemies of civilized society."

May 18, 2009: Ares II is launched with much fanfare, Collins who tried several times to get the mission cut refuses to call the astronauts.

May 27th, 2009: 16-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) plays his single "Feel the Sickness" in New York City, New York, insulting President Susan Collins, and the U.S. Congress...

June 7th, 2009: 16-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) plays his song "B@#% Pudding" on the National Mall in Washington D.C., sparking his arrest by local police....

June 21st, 2009: North Korean officials open Pyongsong, North Korea as a "free-enterprise zone"...

June 29th, 2009: The Cosmonaut interactive directed by Nicolás Alcalá makes its hit debut in Madrid, Spain

July 9th, 2009: Project Kwangmyong (Bright) launch attacks on South Korean and Japanese websites, including the Nikkei Stock Exchange, sparking a financial crisis....

July 15th, 2009 : His Dark Materials based on the novel by Philip Pullman, starring Dakota Blue Richards, Daniel Craig, and Nicole Kidman makes its hit debut...

August 7th, 2009: Members of the Citizen Militias of America (CMA) led by Michele Bachmann, launch a rally of c.65,000 people in Washington D.C., demanding "Second Amendment protections"...

September 1st, 2009: Distán Farrádez Ullo and Tristán Barragán seize control of the drug trade in Puerto Juarez, Cuba..

September 20th, 2009: White Air Rollerball Championship is held on Isle of Wight, England, attracting athletes from 12 countries...

October 4, 2009: President Collins vetoes "National Defense Education Act of 2009"

October 5, 2009: The House overrides the veto (317-109), it would be the first of 5 vetoes that Congress would override before 2010

October 24th, 2009: Treaty of Budapest; European Union (EU) leaders proclaim their political independence from the Americans and the Soviet Union, during a conference in Budapest, Hungary...

October 28th, 2009: 16-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) releases his album "Beat With An Ugly Stick", directly insulting President Susan Collins and the Congress...

November 1st, 2009: Kitty's Korner (TNT) hosted by former porn star Kitty Kat, makes its hit debut in Hollywood, California, with an underground sensibility towards politics....

November 3rd, 2009: Joss Whedon announces that he has purchased the Terminator film franchise, during a press conference in Los Angeles, California,...

November 16th, 2009: President Susan Collins appears on Parker, to be interviewed by Parker Dashwood, over her administration's policies in New York City, New York...

November 24th, 2009: Chinese government officials say they will allow Rollerball events in Shanghai and Beijing,...

December 4th, 2009: "Noko Jeans", jeans produced in North Korea, begin sales throughout the European Union at discount cost, angering many human rights groups,...

December 21st, 2009: Mayon Disaster; 47 people killed in Legaspi, Luzon, Philippines, after volcanic eruption of Mount Mayon,...

December 28th, 2009: James Owen "The Rev" Sullivan launches a campaign in Huntington Beach, California calling for an end to EMC-usage...

******************

January 14th, 2010: 17-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) sparks a brawl during his European concert tour, during a concert in Berlin, Germany...

February 6th, 2010: American Christian missionary Robert Park is executed by North Korean authorities after crossing the border from China...

February 12th-28th, 2010-XXI Winter Olympic Games are held in PyeongChang, South Korea, amidst a boycott by North Korea, and threats of a possible outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu"...

February 20th, 2010: President Stephen Harper announces plans for a nationwide vaccination for AIDS/HIV virus, during a rally in Toronto, Ontario; Also on this day, "Ultimate-X" Rollerball match is held in Cape Town, South Africa, sparking boycotts by teams from several countries...

March 16th, 2010: "Race Fail 2010"; Science-fiction author Norman Spinrad is shot and killed in New York City, New York after being accused of being "racist and culturally insensitive"...

March 27th, 2010: "Curry-N-Hurry" Indian restaurant fast-food chain opens in London, England, sparking controversy....

April 15th, 2010: President Susan Collins meets with Canadian President Stephen Harper about the European Union in Toronto, Ontario...

April 20th, 2010: Blake Robbins of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is arrested in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for a series of sexual assaults on underage high school students using the Clothes Remover 3000; Also on this day, Premier Hwang Jang-yop is assassinated in Pyongyang, North Korea, sparking a succession crisis...

June 17th, 2010: Rollerball player Sal Masekela of San Diego, California is killed during a match in Phoenix, Arizona, sparking international attention...

June 18th, 2010: In the aftermath of Sal Masekela's death, Parents Against Rollerball Violence, a small group of Rollerball-opposing people (usually parents), is formed.

July 10th, 2010: ANC activist Kabelo Mashi is assassinated in Ventersdorp, South Africa, sparking fears of a civil war,...

July 20, 2010: Natalie York, a British geologist, won the coin toss, and becomes the first person on Mars.

August 5th, 2010: Israeli IDF forces are blamed for rocket attacks in Cairo, Egypt, killing 12 people, sparking international attention....

August 14th, 2010: Rollerball rally in Lingenau-Voralberg, Austria turns violent, when two Rollerball players fight in the parking lot, after a match; Also on this day, Parents Against Rollerball Violence membership swells hugely.

September 29th, 2010: 6.7 earthquake hits Coachella, California. Shockwaves are felt in Los Angeles, California, no injuries are reported,...

October 3rd, 2010: Second Bangkok Riots; Riots erupt over shortages of vaccines for the AIDS/HIV virus in Bangkok, Thailand...

October 4th, 2010: A video showing a Royal Thai Police officer using lethal force against a rioter goes viral on the internet, sparking controversy.

October 6th, 2010: A Micro-Gene Systems lab in Bangkok is robbed, and the security tapes are cleared. Officials claim that a group of rioters is behind the robbery.

October 7th, 2010: Several counterfeit vaccine dealers in Bangkok are arrested. Rioters start pushing for their release. The occasional claim that the vaccines are real is made, but largely ignored.

October 12th, 2010: 17-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) is arrested in New York City, New York, after his girlfriend Kathryn Brewster is found murdered at the Hotel Chelsea...

October 18th, 2010: Illegal street game of Rollerball in Providence, Rhode Island devolves into a brawl, resulting in two deaths. Parents Against Rollerball takes advantage of the deaths to increase membership.

November 18th, 2010: The Amber Spyglass based on the novel by Philip Pullman, starring Dakota Blue Richards, Daniel Craig, and Nicole Kidman makes its hit debut...

November 23rd, 2010: President Susan Collins launches the "America By Heart" tour, to recapture support for the administration, starting in Phoenix, Arizona....

December 9th, 2010: 17-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) is tranferred to Rykers' Island in New York City, New York, becoming a celebrity hero..

December 17th, 2010: "Curry-N-Hurry" emerges as the premiere fast-food chain throughout the Pacific Rim, surpassing McDonalds in Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam....

***************

January 18th, 2011: A bill in Rhode Island to ban Rollerball and the associated movie passes, against a small protest. A similar bill fails in Wyoming.

January 27th, 2011: President Susan Collins warns of the dangers of the divisions within the Republican Party, during a meeting with Congressional leaders in Washington D.C.,...

January 28th, 2011: 18-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) dies of a drug overdose, while being forced into detox at Rykers' Island Prison in New York City, New York...
 
Galaxy City-Alternate America(Rough Outline)

This is a scenario that establishes a setting for many of my fics and RP's, and I have also posted it in Sandbox. Here's a rough sketch of this timeline, and it's my first major undertaking, so bear with me if it's amateurish.


WELCOME TO GALAXY CITY

The Gem of the Atlantic Coast...

Galaxy City, a major metropolis on the East Coast of the United States, is a massive and booming city in an alternate America.

The year is 2012, but it's different than our 2012. In terms of technology, they're on the same level as 2011-2012 America in the original timeline. But culturally, economically, and even environmentally, things are significantly different.

Galaxy City is located on the East Coast, and derives elements from the following cities....

New York City, New York
Boston, Massachusetts
San Francisco, California
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
New Orleans, Louisiana
Roanoke, Virginia
Tokyo, Japan
Sapporo, Japan

Before we begin, here's the historical alterations that set things up for this world...

Everything's the same before 1963, for that is when the turning point happens.

POLITICS & SOCIETY

The Kennedy Assassination attempt fails, and President John F. Kennedy survives to be elected twice. The Vietnam War doesn't escalate and basically remains a low-to-medium intensity police action. Rather than surging troops into Vietnam trying to kill communists, the USA decides to continue making South Vietnam more self-sufficient and able to stand on its own against the North Vietnamese. The military presence remains more of an advisory and unconventional role, and therefore, no draft is instated. The lack of a draft nor public backlash against a wide-scale war means that the counterculture and youth rebellion of the 60's doesn't happen.

Women's Rights and Civil Rights Movements still take place, as equality in the workplace is instituted and places are intergated, but things take 2-5 years longer than before.

Ronald Reagan dies in a car crash in 1979, and therefore, never becomes President. His administration's actions such as de-regulation and other forms of Reaganomics are never instituted as a result. Carter is elected twice, but very narrowly. Reagan is instead remembered as an actor and governor of California. There is a memorial in his honor located in Los Angeles.

The Soviet Union fell in 1991, but in 1993, a Romanov restoration has instated the Holy Russian Empire, which has gone through radical economic and infrastructure changes. Many ex-KGB and oligarchs involved in politics are executed, among them Vladimir Putin. The Holy Russian Empire is on good terms with the United States, and is not a superpower yet, but is a stable world power. They are a constitutional monarchy with a democratic Duma. Any form of Lenin's legacy is erased, as his preserved body is taken from Red Square and burned in a trash heap.

Japan's economic rise of the late 70's and 80's still occurs, and unlike in the Original Timeline, it doesn't collapse entirely. There is a brief and mild recession, but Japan recovers and by 1994, is considered a superpower. Unlike the USSR, they are not rivals with the USA, but business partners and close bedfellows. Culturally and economically, the two nations are intergrating and cultural diffusion of a whole new level occurs.

In terms of education, the 180-day school year is still in place, but the day is 8-9 hours rather than 6-7 hours, and school uniforms similar to those seen in Japanese schools are instated as well. Education is generally at a better level than it is in Original Timeline America, but students are even more depressed and stressed than before. However, many of them simply endure and hold it in as they continue working.

Gun Control is stricter, and while civilians can legally own guns, the newer models made between 1975 and 2011 are restricted to civilians. Most guns owned by civilians are weapons of World War II and the 50's, as well as before. While the Police and Military own MP5's, Glock 9mm's, and M16 variants, the average man has access to stuff like Colt 1911's, Revolvers, Lever-Action and Bolt-Action rifles, pump-action shotguns, and old SMG's like MP40's and Tommy Guns.

In 2009, Fred Phelps is brutally stabbed to death by a yaoi fangirl angered at Phelps' homophobic and hateful remarks. The girl, a young and angry woman named Sierra Wiseman, is acquitted of all charges due to "lack of evidence", and while the jury's reasoning was questionable, they acquitted her and the judge accepted the verdict. The Westboro Baptist Church collapsed as a result of Fred's death. Nobody missed them, and a crowd of angry people consisting of the families of slain soldiers, oppressed homosexuals and atheists, as well as people tired of WBC's antics, protested and picketted Fred Phelps' funeral, and later vandalized his grave.

CULTURE & POP CULTURE

The Beatles never tour in America and American rock music is not revolutionized in a way that leads to American Rock Music to where it is today. The Beatles do become a smash hit in England, Western Europe, and Japan. (In real-life, I am a fan of the Beatles, but sadly, I had to remove them from the American cultural scene to keep this timeline going). Rock & Roll, as well as most forms of American pop music stay similar to the way they were in the 1950's and early 1960's. Doo-Wop and Rockabilly are big, and Rock didn't become Alternative.

Country Music continued to progress similar to the Original Timeline until the late 1980's, where country lost all its integrity and went from a genuine musical genre to a redneck stereotype. So, since country didn’t progress to that point, country is more like Johnny Cash and less like the modern artists such as Keith Urban or Garth Brooks.

Bluegrass, while not mainstream, is less stereotyped and gets more mainstream coverage with select programming blocks on commercial radio and television dedicated to the genre.

Hip-Hop is very underground and not a mainstream genre, although it does get some coverage on public radio and public access. It's more like the early rap music of the 80's and early 90's with a more blues-influenced feel and lots of sampling from other genres.

J-Pop and J-Rock are as they are in the Original Timeline, and are more popular in America than in the Original Timeline America.

The lack of a youth counterculture in the 60's has led to American fashions and trends to be like they were in the 1940's and 1950's, but the influx of Japanese culture has made some changes. A lot of Japanese fashions both modern and traditional are in style along with 1950's trends, and this is a time where you'll see men in zoot suits and women in traditional kimonos walking the street on a normal day in America. Some 1950's subcultures such as the greaser scene are still around, and new trends like the anime-otaku and Gothic Lolita trends are popular as well.

The Internet is still prominent, but cable and satellite television are not. Radio and Network Television are more viable, and there are six networks: ABC, CBS, NBC, Fox, DuMont Network, and PBS, as well as Public Access stations. Anime is prominent on network television, and game shows are less like "Wheel of Fortune" and more like "Ninja Warrior". Reality Television never took off, and shows like "American Idol" and "Jersey Shore" don't exist. Westerns are still a viable genre, and haven't been played out. Samurai movies and TV shows are popular as well.

Uwe Boll, Michael Bay, and Paul W. Anderson are never born. The following movies don't exist in this timeline...

Twilight Franchise(includes books)
Harry Potter Franchise(Ditto)
Deliverance
Alien Resurrection(The first three movies still exist)
Transformers
Lord of the Rings(The books still exist and Tolkien is still a respected author)
Brokeback Mountain
The Matrix Trilogy
Saw Franchise
Avatar
Wrong Turn
Resident Evil movies(The games still exist)
Radio is different, as the musical genres of Rock & Roll, Doo-Wop, Classic Pop, Classic Country, Bluegrass, Blues, Old-Time, Classic Rhythm & Blues, Swing, Jazz, Blues, Big Band, J-Pop, and J-Rock are extremely popular.

Judeo-Christian religions are in a massive decline along with Creationism, but their influence is still culturally present and relevant. Shinto and Zen Buddhism is becoming more prevalent in the American cultural conscience, due to Japanese influence and cultural diffusion. Most Americans are more secular, though.


SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Things are at a 2011-level of technology, but there are new advances in emission reduction and energy efficiency, as well as serious investments in alternative energy. The Kyoto Protocols are actually supported by the USA, and the problem of global warming first revealed in the 1980's is handled head-on in the early 1990's. Climate Change, while still present, is much less intense and severe as it is in OTL. Weather patterns are more stable, and winters in the Eastern United States are much colder and snowier.

Railroads and public transportation are much more common, but cars are still prominent on the roads. Subways, El Trains, High-Speed Trains, and other forms of transportation are all extremely common in Galaxy City. The newer High-Speed Trains look a lot like the streamlined steam trains of the 20th Century, but are running on a similar system to traditional bullet trains

The neighborhoods of Galaxy City are…
Downtown: The massive business district of Galaxy City, full of bright lights and skyscrapers, Downtown is similar to Times Square and the commerical districts of Tokyo.

New Paris: Based off of the French Quarter of New Orelans, New Paris is an antique historic district with buildings from the 1700's and 1800's. It's a place of vibrant culture and fine shops and markets. The big parades, parties, and celebrations are all in New Paris. Christmas, New Year, Halloween, Mardi Gras, Easter, Saint Patrick's Day, Colombus Day, Hanami(Flower Festival), Tanabata(Star Festival), and other festivals and holidays from both Western and Japanese origins are celebrated exuberantly in the streets of New Paris.

Falcon Valley: A middle-class and upper-middle class suburban area.

Blackheart: The oldest neighborhood in Galaxy City, Blackheart was founded in the 1650's by English settlers, and was the name of Galaxy City until 1879 where it was renamed Galaxy City. It is the richest and wealthiest district of Galaxy City, and is dotted with mansions and antique buildings. The elite live in Blackheart.

Little Italy: A large working-class Italian neighborhood, similar to Little Italy in New York City of the 1940's and 1950's.


Chinatown: A massive Chinese neighborhood, and a major tourist stop as well, known for its Chinese New Year Celebrations being the biggest and wildest parties outside of New Paris. Based off of Chinatown in San Francisco.

Sparta Crossing: The major industrial district of Galaxy City. Sparta Crossing is on the waterfront, and is home to the docks and railyards of Galaxy City. It is also home to countless warehouses, steel mills, and factories similar to Pittsburgh back in the 50's. The railyards are some of the most intricate and best organized in the country, and Galaxy City is a major railroad hub for the Eastern United States.

Carlton: A poor, run-down area in the inner-city of Galaxy City. There is working-class people and a community response trying to improve Carlton, but poverty and gangs are still a significant problem in this area.

Saint Mary: A massive Irish neighborhood that is even more run-down and miserable than Carlton. Saint Mary has been flooding with immigrants from the Emerald Isle since the 1840's and is overcrowded, dirty, and extremely poor. The Irish Mob is prominent in Saint Mary, as the area is based off of Hell's Kitchen in New York circa 1940's-1950's.

Autumn Hill: A major working-class and middle-class neighborhood primarily consisting of Japanese-Americans, and has been that way since the 1940's, where many Japanese immigrants came to Galaxy City seeking jobs following the devastation of World War II. However, since the 1990's, a lot of Russian and Eastern Europeans have moved to Autumn Hill, as well as young students of all backgrounds, but the majority of inhabitants are still Japanese in origin. Autumn Hill is near Imperial University, a major American college and an acclaimed institute of learning.

Black Mountain: A massive mountain overlooking Galaxy City and the coast, Black Mountain is the location of the Galaxy Planet, a massive light-up monument shaped like the Planet Saturn, as well as Tokugawa Castle, a titanic reconstruction of a feudal era Japanese Castle, only more modern and luxurious. Many radio and television towers are also located on Black Mountain. Tokugawa Castle is the residence of a wealthy family known as the Millners, descended from Odysseus Millner, the railroad baron who put Galaxy City on the map. They used to live in a mansion in Blackheart, but in 1992, James Millner, CEO of the Central Atlantic Railroads, along with other companies owned by the Millner Family, had Tokugawa Castle constructed using money he earned by selling off one of his smaller companies to a Japanese corporation.

 
Another 25 Years : A Collaborative TL

The ATL discussion can be found at:
https://www.alternatehistory.com/discussion/showthread.php?t=182062

Here is the final draft of the ATL:

January 28th, 1986: Christa McAuliffe becomes the first civilian in space, with the successful launch of the Space Shuttle Challenger from Cape Canaveral, Florida...

Januay 31st, 1986: President Ronald Reagan calls the crew of the Space Shuttle from Washington D.C., praising their efforts , saying," you have 'slipped the surly bonds of Earth' to 'touch the face of God.'..."

Febuary 1, 1986: In the Soviet Union, Gorbachev begins to purge the CPSU of it's hard-line members.

Febuary 3: 1986: Inspired by the Challenger, the Soviets want to put a civilian in space as well.

February 12th, 1986: Yugoslavian Prime Minister Milka Planinc warns the International Monetary Fund (IMF) that economies of the Balkan region are unstable,...

February 22nd-25th, 1986: General Juan Ponce Enrile and Gregorio Honasan overthrow the government in a military coup in Manila, Philippines...

February 28th 1986: Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in Stockholm. A nationwide manhunt is started to apprehend the attacker.

March 3rd, 1986: Charles Beasley, scientist at Eli Lilly, unveils EMC, as the first line of "smart pharmaceuticals" in New York City, New York...

March 6th, 1986: Space Shuttle Columbia under Commander Jon McBride is launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida with little incident...

March 20th, 1986: Right-wing activist Saburo Ienaga launches an ultra-nationalist rally in Tokyo, Japan, proclaiming "Japan must stand up on its own terms..."

April 5, 1986: At a speech to the Politburo, Gorbachev attacks Stalin's rule, telling them about what his family and his wife's family went through, and labels Stalin as a criminal.

April 10: 1986: Gorbachev begins to put younger men in the Politburo, and even taps Anatoly Dobrynin to become Deputy Foreign Minister of the Soviet Union, and Pyotor Lushev as Defence Minister.

April 26th 1986: A reactor test in a Soviet nuclear power station in Chernobyl very nearly leads to a catastrophic accident. The narrowly averted disaster is covered up and the details only become known after several years.

May 3rd, 1986: Space Shuttle Challender launches the Ulysses solar polar orbiter under Commander Frederick H. Hauck from Cape Canaveral, Florida...

May 9th, 1986: Riots in Tallinn between Estonians and Russians.

May 12th, 1986: In Lithuania people demand indepent to country.

May 16th, 1986: Top Gun starring Scott Baio and Brooke Shields makes its hit debut,...

May 20th, 1986: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches the Galileo probe under Commander David M. Walker at Cape Canaveral, Florida. Also on this day, after reviewing the German-Soviet pact of 1939, the Politburo declares it illegal, and excepts Lithuanian's demands.

May 21st, 1986: President Ronald Reagan vetoes the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Bill by Representatives Ron Dellums (D-CA) and William H Gray (D-PA), as "an extremist policy..."

May 22, 1986: In response to the recent demands for an independent country in Lithuania, and the riots in Estonia, a mass strike is held in Poland by the underground Solidarity trade union, calling for a non-communist Poland united with Lithuania.

June 3, 1986: Inspired by the Polish strike, several Czechoslovakian and Hungarian trade unions hold similiar actions in their respective nations, calling for non-communist government.

June 4th, 1986: Run DMC and Aerosmith collaborate for the single "Walk this Way" to protest against music censorship proposals,...

June 10th-17th, 1986: Inspired by the riots in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, riots erupt in Sofia, Bulgaria...

June 19, 1986: The strike in Poland finally ends, after the government finally accedes to negotiate with the government.

July 1st, 1986: Space Shuttle Columbia is launched carrying the first British astronaut, Lieutenant Nigel Wood (RAF), and first Indonesian astronaut, Taufik Akbar, under Commander Michael Coats (US) from Cape Canaveral, Florida...

July 23, 1986: The Czechoslovakian and Hungarian strikes end after their respective governments are forced to negotiate as well.

July 26, 1986: The recent strikes in Poland, Hungary, and Czechoslovakia have sent a wave of fear throughout the Communist bloc nations, and inspired anti-Communist activists to fight harder.

August 1st, 1986: Howard the Duck directed by George Lucas and starring Lea Thompson, makes its hit debut...

August 9, 1986: Afraid for his position as General Secretary, due to hardliners within the Party, Hu Yaobang manages to convince Deng Xiaoping to keep him as GS with his new, radical "Great Days" plan, a plan to open up the Chinese government and guarantee survival as the Communist Bloc in Europe seems to be beginning to collapse. Deng approves of the plan, and massive social reforms begin to be put into place.

August 29th, 1986: Amidst the threat of secessionist fervor in the Baltic States, Mikhail Gorbachev warns of a military crackdown on the region, during a televised speech in Moscow....

September 7th, 1986: General Augusto Pinochet is assassinated by Marcelo Barrios Andres, Frente Patriótico Manuel Rodríguez (FPMR), in Montevideo, Chile, causing massive civil unrest and violence...

September 12th, 1986: German BGA reports severe drug reactions from EMC, including suicidal tendencies and addictive tendencies, during a report in Hamburg, West Germany,...

September 13th, 1986: Young Astronauts (CBS-TV) animated series, makes its hit television debut...

September 14th, 1986: Communist guerillas bomb Seoul's Kimpo International Airport, killing 14 people, in opposition to the Chinese reform efforts...

September 19th, 1986: Blue Velvet directed by David Lynch, starring Rebecca De Mornay and Willem Dafoe makes its hit debut...

September 20th, 1986: 4 Iranian Shiite terrorists bomb Turk Air 415 in Ankara, Turkey en route to Cyprus, killing 315 people,...

September 26th, 1986: Reporter David Hirst, The Guardian, is kidnapped by AMAL guerillas in Beirut, Lebanon,...

September 27th 1986: Nothing much happens to Metallica bass player Cliff Burton. On October 4th, the band's Damage Inc. tour continues in Helsinki, Finland.

October 3rd, 1986: Soviet K-219, Yankee-I class submarine sinks 480 miles east of Bermuda, under Captain Igor Britanov, killing 120 people, after an explosion in one of its nuclear missile tubes...

October 16th 1986: The International Olympic Committee chooses Lillehammer, Norway to be the host city of the 1992 Winter Olympics and Birmingham, UK to be the host city of the 1992 Summer Olympics. Also on this day, Alexander Barkashov forms the Russian National Unity (RNU) movement in Moscow in an effort to preserve "Russia for Russians"...

November 6th, 1986: President Ronald Reagan is diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland; CBS Correspondent Lesley Stahl reports the story...

November 13th, 1986: President Ronald Reagan addresses the nation about his medical diagnosis in a televised address in Washington D.C.,...

November 19, 1986: President Ronald Reagan decides to resign in light of his condition, afraid of how it will effect his Presidency.

November 20, 1986: George Bush is sworn in as President.

November 21, 1986: Bush picks his choice for VP Robert "Bob" Dole (R-KS), who is confirmed by Congress a few hours later.

****************

January 7th, 1987: Mahmud al-Mustafa, a Libyan dissident, calls for a "government-in-exile" during a rally in Athens, Greece; Also on this day, Members of Run DMC are placed under arrest in Los Angeles, California after burning an American flag during a concert,...

January 22nd, 1987: Soviet officials report a mutiny of cadets in Baku, Azerbaijan SSR, as an attack by "Islamic fundamentalists"...

January 25, 1987: The Green Bay Packers beat the New York Giants 54-27 at Super Bowl XXI.

March 4, 1987: KGB agent Rudolf Abel defects to North Korea, intending to pass along several security secrets to the isolated Kim Il Sung regime.

March 9th, 1987: "Smoke Illusion" album by Amber McKlane makes its hit debut in 22 countries, internationally starting in New York City, New York. Her and the band Cinders and Smoke sign a record contract

March 21st, 1987: "Pyrotech" single by Cinders and Smoke makes its hit debut, becoming #1 in the United States,...

March 23rd, 1987: Martial law is declared by the government in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia under Prime Minister Branko Mikulić,...

March 29th, 1987: Plitvice Lakes Incident; Serbian nationalists clash with Croatian separtists in Plitvice Lakes, Croatia, Yugoslavia...

April 11th, 1987: Al Gore announces he will run for president.

April 12, 1987: Massive riots erupt in East Germany after a man is shot and killed by Volkspolizei in East Berlin. The government begins to crack under the pressure from the people.

April 13th, 1987: Gary Hart, a frontrunner for the Democratic nomination, officially announces he will run for president.

April 15th, 1987: Government of President Raúl Alfonsín is overthrown by military officers affiliated with the Carapintada movement under Aldo Rico in Buenos Aires, Argentina...

April 21st, 1987: Bill Clinton, after much pondering, announces he will run for president.

April 24th, 1987: Slobodan Milosevic calls for a "Greater Serbia" during a rally in Kosovo, Yugoslavia,...

May 6th, 1987: Poklonnaya Hill Riots; Communist Party Secretary Boris Yeltsin is beaten and hanged by Pamyat members for "Gorbachev's selling out the Russian people". Also on this day, Jesse Jackson declares his candidacy for the Democratic nomination.

May 15th, 1987: Ishtar starring Warren Beatty and Dustin Hoffman, makes its hit film debut,...

May 21st, 1987: Feeling that President Bush is not conservative enough, televangelist Pat Robertson becomes the first candidate to challenge him in the Republican primaries.

June 2nd, 1987: Sofia Riots; Riots erupt in Sofia, Bulgaria during student demonstration in honor of national hero, Christo Botev (1876)...

June 8, 1987: North Korean reformers take over in a military coup, installing a combination military/civilian transitional government with help from South Korea. Kim Il Sung and many of his cabinet members are killed in a bombing outside of Pyongyang, North Korea.

June 19, 1987: Due to a writer's strike Star Trek V is cancelled. Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home is the last Star Trek film featuring the original cast

June 26th, 1987: Bulgarian State Security (DS) fires on The Anarchist Youth Federation (F.A.M.) members in Sofia, Bulgaria, killing 8 people. Also on this day, Yussef Kherbigh, National Salvation Front of Libya (NSFL), calls for American recognition for a Libyan "government-in-exile" in Rome, Italy,..

July 2nd, 1987: Iranian ambassador Mohammed Razi is killed by a car bomb in Madrid, Spain,...

July 3, 1987: the new North Korean government wishes to start summits with the US as soon as possible.

July 6, 1989: The GDR is officially dissolved and merges with the FRG, whose capital is moved to a re united Berlin.

July 9, 1987: Riots begin in Czechoslovakia after the government refuses to meet workers' demands.

July 17th 1987 - Off the back of a successful re-election campaign, Margaret Thatcher announces she will seek a British shuttle in space by the year 2000. She names William Whitelaw as the first Minister for Space working out of the Ministry of Defence.

July 24th, 1987: Hezbollah takes credit for the bombing of Air Afrique over Geneva, Switzerland, killing 145 people,...

July 28th, 1987: Iranian exile Mansuri Mohammad Hasan announces hte formation of a "government-in-exile" in Istabul, Turkey,...

August 5th, 1987: Hollywood couple Matthew Broderick and Jennifer Grey are killed in a car accident while driving through Belfast, Northern Ireland...

August 7th, 1987: "Kiss-In" ; LGBT leaders lead a group of 75,000 people in a "kiss-in" during a rally in Picadilly Circus to protest anti-gay laws in London, England,...

August 17, 1987: The East German government, to the shock of the world, collapses after the Berlin politburo is destroyed in a multiple-fatality bombing in East Berlin.

August 18th, 1987: Sri Lankan President Junius Richard Jayewardene and Prime Minister Ranasinghe Premadasa are killed in a grenade attack in Jayawardenepura by PLF guerillas...

August 22,1987: The Czechoslovakian government is forced to hold elections to stop the riots in Prague. Also on this day, Cabbage Patch Kids: The Movie starring Mckenzie Astin, makes its hit debut,...

August 25th, 1987: Jennifer Dinoia establishes the "Curry-N-Hurry" franchise in Berkeley, California, specializing in Indo-Pakistani food....

August 27th, 1987: DJ Scott La Rock narrowly survives a shooting in South Bronx, New York, vowing to "fight the machine"...

September 2nd-3rd, 1987: Aziz Kelmendi leads Albanian in an ethnic rebellion in Leskovac, Serbia, Yugoslavia,....

September 3, 1987: Demonstrations in Kiev are violently crushed by Soviet troops, in response to the destabilization of the Warsaw Pact.

September 7, 1987: Xinjiang province in China explodes into revolution after Uyghur politician Nur Bekri calls for a "global jihad against communism" in Urumqi.

September 10, 1987: Soviet troops crush an attempted Islamist rebellion in Tajikistan.

September 11th, 1987: Fatal Attraction directed by Brian De Palma, starring Kim Bassinger and Mel Gibson, makes its hit debut...

September 12th, 1987: The Pretenders (NBC-TV) starring Amada Pays, makes its television series debut,...

September 13, 1987: Through reformers in the KGB and military, Gorbachev finds out about his signiture being forged in order for the uprisings to be crushed, to make it appear that he gave the orders.

September 13th- December 28th, 1987: NFL Players Strike; Super Bowl XXII is cancelled as a result; popular sentiment runs high against the players...

September 17th-22nd, 1987: Neo-Nazis spark race riots in Hoyerswerda, East Germany, ahead of Bundeswehr forces, sparking international tensions...

September 18th, 1987: 7.8 earthquake strikes Parkfield, California, c.12 people killed. Shockwaves are felt in San Francisco, California,...

September 20, 1987: Gorbachev makes a televized speech in Moscow, outing the forgers in the KGB and military, and also apologizes for the deaths. Also on this day, Cabbage Patch Kids: The Animated Series (CBS-TV), makes its hit television debut,...

September 24th 1987 - In light of the space program announcement, the BBC commissions a biopic of the now Major Nigel Wood, the first Briton in space. John Nettles is chosen for the part of Wood.

September 28th, 1987: Star Trek: The Next Generation (CBS-TV) Starring Jeffrey Combs as "Commander William Riker", Marina Sirtis as "Tasha Yar", Tim Russ as "Geordi La Forge", and Denise Crosby as "Deanna Troi", taking a darker tone than the original, reflecting the Cold War situation...

October 6th, 1987: The Spirit (NBC-TV) based on the comic by Will Eisner, starring Sam J. Jones and Nana Visitor, makes its hit television debut...

October 9th, 1987: The Princess Bride starring NFL player Bubba Smith and Carrie Fisher, makes its hit debut,...

October 13, 1987: As the Soviets appear to be unable to respond to the chaos in East Germany, the West German Bundeswehr moves into East Germany to stabilize.

October 17, 1987: Gorbachev harshly criticizes the West German move into East Germany, but makes no further response.

October 19th, 1987: Star Trek: The Next Generation (CBS-TV); The Ferengi are introduced as a threat to the federation, as a "corporate raider" society, based on bounty hunters (e.g. similar to the Mandalorians of OTL's Star Wars continuity)...

November 1, 1987: The first elections in 40 years are held in Czechoslovakia. The Charter 77 Group, led by Jiří Dienstbier, almost completely ousts the Communist Party. In response, the KPC refuses to relinquish power and declares the Charter 77 illegal.

November 3, 1987: The Czechoslovakian people rise up and fight the government, led by Dienstbier.

November 10, 1987: The Prague Politburo is captured by rioters and Jiří Dienstbier declares the Free Czechoslovak Republic in Prague.

November 29th, 1987: North Korean militants bomb a Korean Airlines flight out of Baghdad, killing 115 people...

December 1st, 1987: British ambassador John Gray is assassinated in Beirut, Lebanon, Hamas claims responsibility,...

December 12, 1987: After several production delays and a major re-write Superman IV: Peace In Our Time (formerly "The Quest For Peace") makes its debut. While not as successful as the first film, it is successful enough to convince Warner Bros. to buy back the rights from the Salkinds and contract Christopher Reeve to two more films.

December 18th, 1987: Leonard, Part 6 starring Bill Cosby makes its hit debut,...

December 20th, 1987: Iraqi ambassador Midhat al-Hiyali is assassinated in Athens, Greece by a group claiming to be part of the "Sons of Allah",...

****************

January 31, 1988: Super Bowl XXII: The Miami Dolphins defeat the reigning champions, the Green Bay Packers, 46-39.

March 7th, 1988: The Dictator (CBS-TV) starring Christopher Lloyd as a deposed dictator, makes its hit series debut,...

March 24th, 1988: The Adventures of Baron Munchausen directed by Terry Gilliam, starring Uma Thurman and John Neville, makes its hit debut...

March 29th, 1988: ANC leader Dulcie September exposes French links to the apartheid government in South Africa, during a press conference in Paris, France, embaraqssing French leaders,...

April 25th, 1988: Slovenian leaders Veljko Rus, France Bučar, Dimitrij Rupel, Veno Taufer, Milan Apih, Tine Hribar, Peter Jambrek, Janez Menart, and Tone Pavček announce plans for secession in Ljubljana, Slovenia, Yugoslavia,...

May 10th, 1988: 8.1 earthquake hits San Francisco, California killing 38 people, sparking national attention and concern,...

May 12, 1988: The Gennifer Flowers scandal is broken by Ted Koppel on Nightline (ABC-TV)

May 15th, 1988: Yugoslavian President Raif Dizdarević is assassinated in Belgrade, sparking nationalist sentiment...

May 16th, 1988: Yugoslavian Prime Minister Branko Mikulić is ousted in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia in a "no-confidence" vote,...

May 18th, 1988: Former SS-officer Josef Schwammberger leads a rally in Stuttgart, West Germany, further heating tensions between the two Germanies....

June 2, 1988: President Bush gives a campaign speech regarding "America's Future in Space" and the creation of the SEI commission

June 7, 1988: Richard Donner publicly expresses interest in returning to direct both Superman V and VI.

June 11th, 1988: Where's Rodney (ABC-TV) starring Rodney Dangerfield and Soleil Moon Frye, makes its hit debut...

June 15, 1988: The DNC becomes one of the most bitterly divided in recent memory. Gore and Hart have a strong following. Clinton and Jackson are probably acceptable for VP positions. After a tough primary season, the democratic nomination is decided. Al Gore receives the nomination for President with Governor of Arkansas Bill Clinton as his VP.

June 18th, 1988: Turkish President Halil Turgut Özal is assassinated by Kartal Demirağ in Ankara, Turkey; Prime Minister Yıldırım Akbulut is selected as successor...

June 20, 1988: Production on Superman V/VI begins with Richard Donner at the helm. Unlike with the Salkinds, Warner Bros. gives him greater creative control in hopes of emulating the success of the first film.

June 25th, 1988: Hillel Slovak, lead guitarist for the Red Hot Chili Peppers, is hospitalized after an overdose of EMC at a party in Los Angeles, California,...

July 4th, 1988: WWF wrestler Keith “Adrian Adonis” Franke survives a car crash at Lewisporte, Newfoundland...

July 14th, 1988: Hobgoblins directed by Rick Sloane, makes its hit film debut,...

July 17th, 1988: Actor Rob Lowe dies of a cocaine overdose in Marietta, Georgia, while campaigning for Al Gore, sparking national attention,...

August 12th, 1988: Mac & Me starring Paul Rudd and Christine Ebersole, despite many comparisons to E.T., the Extra-Terrestrial...

August 23rd-27th, 1988: Pro-Communist riots erupt in Rostock-Lichtenhagen, as East German residents clash with Bundswehr forces...

September 1, 1988: Gorbachev and Bush meet at Camp David, to discuss Afghanistan, Iran and Iraq, and the cold war.

September 18th, 1988: Judge Francis Young rules that EMC is "one of the safest therapeutically active substances known to man", during a rauling in Washington D.C.,..

September 26th, 1988: Kimberly R. Powers quits the band Cinders and Smoke here citing "creative differences", and eventually goes onto to found "Endless Illusion

October 14th, 1988: "Free Will" (Jiyû Ishi) Movement is formed in Tokyo, Japan, in response to the rigid corporate and private school culture,...

October 19th, 1988: Croatian nationalist Nikola Štedul is assassinated by Yugoslavian agents in Kirkcaldy, Scotland...

October 24th, 1988: Sergey Baburina and Nikolay Pavlo call for a "National Salvation Front" government during a rally in Moscow, in direct opposition to Mikhail Gorbachev, claiming "he has sold us to the Zionist pigs"...

October 30th, 1988: "Anarchist Interurban" network is established in Gdansk and Warsaw, trafficking pro-democracy leaders along an underground network...

November 5, 1988: Election Day, nearly 40% of the electorate turn out to vote between Al Gore / Bill Clinton (D) or incumbent President George Bush / Bob Dole (R). Also on this day, Guy Fawkes Day Riots; Police clash with EMC (a.k.a. "smart drugs") users in London, England,...

November 9th, 1988: The Dark Beneath makes its hit film debut; starring Tony Todd, Brad Dourif, and Catherine Hicks,...

November 17th, 1988: Masters of Orion 2 makes its debut as a multiplayer video game in San Jose, California...

November 23rd, 1988: Fighting erupts between Communist and nationalist militias in Mölln, East Germany...

December 16th, 1988: Rain Man directed by Sydney Pollack, starring Dustin Hoffman and Tom Cruise, flops at the box office, amidst criticism that it is insulting to the mentally disabled...

*****************

January 1, 1989: The SEI delivers three proposals to the President. The Mars option, created by Engineer Robert Zubrin. The Lunar option, which advocates a second Apollo Series, or three a Space Station option to compete with Russia's MIR. All three call for the Shuttle's decommissioning by 1995, with a replacement vehicle picking up the slack. Also on this day, West German Chancellor Kohl announces plans for a reunited Germany by Jan 1, 1991.

January 5th 1989- Miami Vice gets renewed by NBC for another 5 Years, ensuring that the Duo enjoys a new lease on life. Furthermore, NBC also produces a spinoff for Miami Vice titled, Grand Theft Auto: Vice City. In the 1st of a successful series, we see the opposite side effect of the Crime Operation, starring Tommy Vercetti (Played by Ray Liotta) in the city of Miami as a drug leader working his way up. Running for 6 Seasons, GTA Vice City ends up a a sleeper hit, aided by the added musical section of the Miami Club Scene and its breathtaking intro of the city. From Season 1 onward, the ongoing arc of who stole his cocaine finally culminates in Season 3 with the death or Richard Diaz (Luis Guzman). Season 4-6 Deals with Vercetti's rise and the final season of 6 describes Vercetti holding against former friend Lance Vance (OOC: Not Thomas Obviously but instead a young Eddie Murphy). At the final episode, "Keep Your Friends Close". Everything falls for Vercetti.

January 9th, 1989: Late Night with Pat Sajak (CBS-TV) hosted by Pat Sajak, makes its hit debut in Hollywood, California

January 22, 1989: The San Francisco 49ers wins Super Bowl XXIII 34-23 against the New England Patriots.

February 22nd, 1989: DJ Jazzy Jeff and Fresh Prince lead a protest against the Grammys for their lack of a "rap/hip-hop" category....

March 16th, 1989: Slobodan Milošević seizes control of the government in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia,...

April 8th, 1989: Libertarian Riots; Police launch a crackdown on "Libertarian Days" festivities at the University of Frankfurt, West Germany...

April 11, 1989: Gorbachev condemns the actions by Russian nationalist groups, as well as the neo-nazi groups in Germany, and asks West and East German leaders to show restraint in dealing with these groups. He orders the Red Army to move on the nationalists as a last resort.

April 18th, 1989: Wei Hsueh-kang, convicted drug lord, establishes himself as a political boss of the Kuomingtang in Yunnan, China...

May 1: 1989: May Day riots. Riots break out across the Communist world, when protesters demanding free elections turn to violence after harsh reactions from authorities. The most notable riots were in Moscow, Leningrad, Beijing, Shanghai, Havana,East Berlin, Pyongyang, Hanoi, Saigon, Warsaw,Budapest,Bucharest, Belgrade, and Sofia.

May 16th, 1989: Ethiopian President Mengistu Haile Mariam is overthrown in a military coup in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, by senior members of the military...

May 29th, 1989: Neo-Nazis firebomb homes in Solingen, East Germany,...

June 1st, 1989: Doctor Jonas Salk announces the vaccine for the AIDS/HIV virus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania...

June 8th, 1989: Dani Bolognesi of Duke University of Durham, North Carolina announces similar medical results regarding an AIDS/HIV vaccine...

June 9, 1989, Gorbachev advises Ceausescu of Romania and several other elderly and Stalinist Communists to step down.

June 12, 1989: Gorbachev appoints a new committee. East Germany is lost.

June 20, 1989: Matt Groening pitches a new series to James L. Brooks, a sci-fi series called Futurama. It goes on to become the longest running animated, and sitcom show in American history.

June 23rd, 1989: Batman directed by Joe Dante, starring Mel Gibson as "Bruce Wayne", Sean Young as "Vicki Vale", Ray Liotta as "Harvey Dent", and Robin Williams as "Joker"; Also on this day, Luis Posada Carriles launches a series of covert guerilla campaigns aimed at overthrowing the government in Havana, Cuba...

June 27th, 1989: Right-wing activist Saburo Ienaga proclaims that the "end is near" for the Chinese Communist government during a rally in Tokyo, Japan,...

June 28th, 1989: Fighting erupts in Gazimestan, Kosovo, Yugoslavia, as Serbian militias launch attacks into Bosnia-Hercegovina,...

July 4, 1989: President Bush visits Moscow. At the summit the German compromise, which reunifies Germany. Soviet forces are freed up to contain Eastern Europe.

July 13th, 1989: 8.1 earthquake in Tokyo, Japan triggered by a underwater volcano; government officials report c. 318 people killed,...

July 14, 1989: Iraqi strong man Saddam Hussein is assassinated by Iranian agents leading to resumption in hostilities in the Iran-Iraq war

August 1st, 1989: Ambassador Živorad Kovačević defects to the United States amidst civil war erupting in Yugoslavia,...

August 10, 1989: China belatedly condemns North Korea's response to May Day, bowing to international pressure

August 17, 1989: A mob of 1,500,000 angry demonstrators stormed the streets of Beijing demanding that the government step down and have free and fair elections. The politburo was shocked when over half of the PLA walked away and sided with the revolutionaries, bringing their weapons with them.

August 18, 1989: An armed mob of 50,000 stormed the Chinese Politburo and the People's Congress. The crowd roundesd up all the top 150 party officials, heald a show trial on charges of Crimes against the Chinese People, convicted, and summarily executed them all.

August 19, 1989: A group of 10 top PLA Officers who were part of the "18 August Revolution" took control of the fledgling nation and promised elections would be held in December of 1990 to give Parties time to form and a constitution to be written that would Satisfy the Chinese people.

August 20th, 1989: Doctor Jonas Salk announces positive results regarding a vaccine for AIDS/HIV viruses in Montreal, Quebec, sparking attention throughout international community...

September 4, 1989: The breakout success of Batman (and unexpected success of Superman IV) prompt WB executives to consider teaming up their two biggest heroes for a project called "World's Finest".

October 3rd, 1989: General Moises Giroldi overthrows the government of Manuel Noriega in Panama City Panama. Also on this day, Right-wing activst Saburo Ienaga sparks controversy after suggesting that Japan's SDF should deploy peace-keeping forces into China, during an interview on NHK-TV,...

October 7th, 1989: Anarchist Riots erupt in London, England...

October 13th, 1989: Right-wing activist Saburo Ienaga calls leaders of the Japanese Diet "moral cowards" for "bowing to the Americans" regarding unrest in China,...

October 28th, 1989: San Francisco Giants led by Matt Williams beat the Oakland A's in Game 6 of the World Series at Candlestick Park in San Francisco, California,...

November 14th, 1989: MP Shintaro Ishihara is elected head of the Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) in Tokyo, Japan,...

November 24th, 1989: Due to the collapse of government safety measures and poor Soviet construction, the nuclear power plant at Greifswald, East Germany suffers a massive nuclear meltdown,...

November 25th, 1989: Arsenio Hall Show (FOX-TV) host Arsenio Hall, marries singer Paula Abdul, in Los Angeles, California, sparking tabloid attention...

November 30th, 1989: Masters of Orion 2 is released with an Internet playing mode, allowing real-time multi-player ability...

December 9th, 1989: Masters of Orion 2 real-time strategy multi-player video game expansion, makes its hit debut in San Jose, California...

December 10th, 1989: Doctor Robert Gallo calls upon the FDA to speed up reasearch regarding the AIDS/HIV vaccine in Saint Louis, Missouri,...

December 13, 1989: During an interview promoting the anti-nuclear power movement in the wake of "Greifswald Disaster", Helen Slater reveals that she will reprise her role as Supergirl in Superman V. (Scheduled for release December 1990 with VI released Summer 1991) Ultimately culminating in dissension within the DC Comics fanbase because of the character's death during "Crisis on Infinite Earths" three years prior.

December 25th, 1989: Baseball manager Billy Martin narrowly survives a car accident outside of Johnson City, New York; Also on this day, Musician Frankie D. Reynholm (nicknamed FDR) records his first album titled "Roll the Die of Power" at his workplace, after hours. Later at Microsoft, his former Office would be called the Reynholm Lab.

December 30th, 1989: DEA Director John Lawn warns that EMC drug usage should be monitored, during a speech in Washington D.C.,...

***********

January 1, 1990: Rioters take to the streets of Havana and storm the presidential Palace and hang Castro and his brother, along with the top 10 party officials and generals.

January 13th, 1990: Tibetan nationalists led by Sengchen Lobsang Gyaltsen detonate an improvised explosive device (IED) along the Qinghai-Tibet Highway, in an effort to demand independence...

January 17, 1990: After growing unrest across The Soviet Union Gorbachev orders all Soviet troops back into the Soviet Union to Maintain Order.

January 18th, 1990: Members of the Tasilhunpo Monastery are held responsible for a bombing in Lhasa, Tibet,..

January 28, 1990: Super Bowl XXIV: The Pittsburgh Steelers defeat the Philadelphia Eagles in an extremely close game, 44-42, after triple over time.

February 6th, 1990: On the 79th birthday of former President Ronald Reagan, conservative leaders led by Alexander M. Haig and Harold Stassen call upon hte Nobel Prize Committee to nominate Ronald Reagan for "bringing an end to world communism"....

February 22nd, 1990: Massive flooding in Baton Rouge, Lousiana; costing millions of dollars in property damage,...

February 24th, 1990: Publisher Malcolm Forbes comes out of the closet as bisexual in New York City, New York...

March 2nd, 1990: EMC-enthusiast Steve Jackson is arrested by Secret Service agents in Austin, Texas, amidst rumors of EMC-trafficking,...

March 13th, 1990: Doctor Jonas Salk conducts mass vaccination for AIDS/HIV virus in Akron, Ohio,...

March 15th, 1990: Premier Mikhail Gorbachev angrily denounces Western criticism of his handling of the crises in Eastern Europe by Western leaders stating, "What hypocrites you are!! You continue to support the apartheid regime in South Africa, you allowed Neo-Nazis to run rampant in East Germany, you've backed the military dictatorships in the Philippines, and you have backed the terrorist states of Iran and Iraq. Shame on you!!"

March 18th, 1990: Tibetan nationalists bomb the Communist Party headquarters in Lhasa, Tibet, demanding independence,...

April 22nd, 1990: General Gideon Orkar overthrows the government of General Ibrahim Babangida in Lagos, Nigeria,...

May 1, 1990: on the 1st Anniversary of the May Day Riots Rioters accross the Eastern Bloc violently overthrow their Communist Governments after mass Army Desertions. Also on this day, Andy Swallow begins the active distribution of EMC (a.k.a. "smart drugs") in London, England,...

May 24th 1990 - In light of growing discontent, Margaret Thatcher resigns as British Prime Minister and is succeeded on June 4th by Health Secretary Ken Clarke.

May 26th, 1990: Alija Izetbegović, leader of the Party of Democratic Action (PDA) seizes control of the government in Sarajevo, calling for independence for Bosnia-Hercegovina...

June 1, 1990: Taiwan announces that they will rejoin the re established Republic of China and vote in the upcoming elections. On the same day a new constitution is announced that creates a bicameral legislative branch, creates a presidency, and judiciary. Most Observers noted that the new Constitution is just the US Constitution written in Chinese. The Constitution also contains the right to free speech.

June 13th, 1990: Len Bias leads the Boston Celtics, beating the Los Angeles Lakers, 105-97, in Los Angeles, California...

July 4, 1990: Iranian forces capture Bagdhad close to a year after the assasination of Saddam Husein.

July 8th, 1990: Planned peace talks between South Korea and North Korea collapse after the death of North Korean leader Kim Jong Ryul in Pyongyang...

July 18th, 1990: ANC leader Nelson Mandela is assassinated during an anti-apartheid rally in Johannesburg, South Africa, causing civil unrest and violence nationwide,...

July 19th, 1990: Who Discovered Roger Rabbit (a.k.a. Toon Platoon) directed by Robert Zemeckis, makes its hit debut,...

July 27th, 1990: Jamaat al Muslimeen under the leadership of Yasin Abu Bakr, overthrows the government in Trinidad and Tobago, sparking anti-Islamic sentiment in the region,...

September 4th, 1990: Hurricane Hugo devastates Pensacola, Florida, costing billions of dollars in property damage,...

September 20, 1990: The Flash starring John Wesley Shipp debuts on NBC, dazzling audiences with its advanced visual effects and longtime fans with its adherence to the source material.

September 24th, 1990: Star Trek: The Next Generation "Captain Jean-Luc Picard" (Patrick Stewart) sacrifices himself to save humanity; rumors abound that Stewart left the series after contract dispute.

September 26th, 1990: Serbian forces launch attacks in Pakrac, Petrinja and Sisak, sparking national attention,...

November 6, 1990: Dianne Feinstein defeats Pete Wilson for the California governorship.

November 9th, 1990: The Dark Beneath II: The Bloodening , the sequel to The Dark Beneath, makes its hit debut, starring Heather Langenkamp

November 15, 1990: The Flash two-parter "Of Two Worlds" draws in a record audience retelling the classic story where the Flash teams up with his otherworldly counterpart, Jay Garrick played by Harrison Ford.

November 22, 1990: UK Prime Minister Ken Clarke narrowly wins the Conservative leadership election, 224-132.

November 28th, 1990: MP John Major warns that political isolation of South Africa is the "wrong path", during a speech before the House of Commons...

December 3rd, 1990: 8.1 earthquake hits along the New Madrid Fault Zone in New Madrid, Missouri, causing massive amounts of damage and destruction,...

December 14, 1990: Superman V (later subtitled "The Fall of Brainiac") hits theaters and stuns audiences with an unexpected twist of Ron Perlman's appearance as Orion at the film's conclusion. The film surpasses the first in terms of success, and the scene where Orion crashes to Earth and utters "Darkseid is." is considered an iconic scene by critics.

December 17th, 1990: Tensions rise on the Korean Peninsula, after North Korean military forces shoot down an American F-18 over Pyongyang, killing CWOs David Hilemon and Bobby Hall....

December 18, 1990: China Votes. The KMT takes 1500 out of 2000 seats in the Chinese House of Representatives, and 300 of 500 in the Chinese House of Delegates.

December 25th, 1990: Tibetan nationalists brutally murder government officials in Lhasa, Tibet stating, "We will accept nothing less than complete independence..."

*************

January 22nd, 1991: Murphy's Show syndicated show hosted by Eddie Murphy, comedy show makes its hit debut...

January 24th, 1991: Democratic activist Wang Dan warns of corruption within the government, during a speech in Beijing, China,...

February 27th, 1991: Police officials in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil report EMC labs in the favelas,...

March 4th, 1991: Democratic leader Xu Jiatun warns of the corruption within the Kuomingtang, during a speech in Beijing, China...

March 23rd, 1991: Lee Siu-kei aided by Yip Kai-foon launches a series of riots in Hong Kong and Shanghai, in an effort to silence opponents of the Kuomingtang government,...

April 3rd, 1991: Triad boss Tung Kuei-sen establishes himself as a political boss in Taipei, Taiwan,...

April 4, 1991: UK general election leads to a Labour majority government led by Neil Kinnock. Margaret Thatcher resigns the Conservative leadership and announces her retirement at the next election.

April 6th 1991 - Governor Bill Clinton announces he will run for President, Tom Harkin suspends his own campaign to support Clinton

May 7th, 1991: Thai government officials defend their record despite 2,274 people being killed over 3 months,...

June 1, 1991: Former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi returns to office after an 18-month absence with an overall majority of 30 in the Lok Sabha.

June 12th 1991 - Governor Mario Cuomo of New York announces he will run for President in 1992

June 14th-19th, 1991: Rebellious Red Army factions take hostage hospital in Budyonnovsk, Russia, threatening to execute patients unless political prisoners are released...

June 19th 1991- In the midst of the Uwe Boll Riots in LA based on the horrible mutilation of him, NBC releases a Pilot dubbed GTA San Andreas. Running for 5 Years, (Think San Andreas Expanded). GTA : SA later ends on a tragic note, as actor Tupac Shakur, playing as Carl Johnson was shot 6 times in the heart though later miraculously survived.

June 21, 1991: Superman VI: Darkseid Ascendant debuts in theaters and continues the storyline from the previous film. Several Justice League members from the comics like "Hal Jordan" and "Oliver Queen" make appearances in their civilian identities. Even Mel Gibson makes a brief cameo as the Batman, raising fans' hopes for a full Superman/Batman feature.

June 23rd, 1991: Indiana Jones and the Fate of Atlantis starring Harrison Ford and Julianne Moore, makes its hit debut, the fourth installment in the franchise,....

June 24th, 1991: "Zeppelin Punk" album by Cinders and Smoke is released in the United States, with the introduction of Scott P. Stills into the band, announced in San Francisco, California,...

June 26th, 1991: Judge Milton Maron launches a campaign to crackdown on EMC, by launching a public campaign against "geek chic" in Los Angeles, California,....

July 4, 1991: Federal Republic of Cuba (a nation formed after the successful protests against Communism) falls under the control of the National Cuban parties, and its leader Juanita Chavez.

July 11th-22nd, 1991: Srebrenica Massacre; Serbian forces launch a brutal ethnic cleansing against Bosnians in Srebrenica, Yugoslavia...

July 22nd, 1991: 7.9 earthquake devastates Tehran, Iran, killing 4,584 people, sparking calls for humanitarian aid,...

August 19, 1991: several Soviet anti-communist groups and Red Army deserters storm a Politburo meeting, arresting Gorbachev and most of the others.

August 20, 1991: In the largest mass Execution in history Gorbachev and 499 other Party officials were publicly hanged at 12 noon Moscow time for crimes against Humanity.

August 21,1991: Top leaders in the "19 August Revolution" Declare the USSR dissolved. Also on this day, General Gennady Yanayev, Chairman of the Soviet Defense Council proclaims representation of the "true government of the Soviet peoples..."

August 22nd, 1991: President George H.W. Bush condemns the "19 August Revolution" as an "act of terrorism" during a televised speech in Washington D.C.,...

August 23, 1991: Canadian Prime Minister, Brian Mulroney also makes a strongly worded condemnation of the August 19 revolutionaries, labeling them "vigilantes and butchers with no place in civilized society."

August 24, 1991: John Major wins the Conservative leadership to become Leader of the Opposition.

August 25th, 1991: CIA Director William Webster briefs President George H.W. Bush that the danger lies in a "nuclear civil war" within the Soviet Union, between those supporting the Communists and those supporting the "19 August Revolution"....

August 28th, 1991: Spetsnaz forces seize control of the Politburo, killing leaders of the "19 August Revolution" in Moscow, USSR...

August 30th, 1991: The Dark Beneath III: Amputee Hookers, the sequel to The Dark Beneath II: The Bloodening makes its hit debut, starring Adrienne King

September 3rd, 1991: General Gennady Yanayev, launches a televised vowing to "bring to justice the butchers of Moscow" during a televised speech from an undisclosed military base. U.N. officials estimate c. 3,126,424 people in Moscow (9/1) have been killed by the rebels in the worst act of international terrorism.

September 4th, 1991: President George H.W. Bush calls upon the international community to condemn the actions of the "19 August Revolution". The United Nations Security Council unanimously passes Resolution #1518 condemning the actions of the rebels.

September 9th, 1991: Jewish leaders celebrating Rosh Hashanah, condemn the "butchers of Moscow" as the perpetrators of a "New Holocaust" during a speech in Leningrad; Also on this day, Christopher Reeve announces his retirement as Superman citing "six is enough" and is instead looking at pursuing a career in directing

September 13th 1991 - As George Bush is barred from running for President in the 1992 election due to the 22nd Amendment, Vice President Robert Dole announces his Presidential campaign.

September 14th, 1991: Julian Beck, one of the actors of the The Dark Beneath franchise, dies of stomach cancer, sparking fears of a curse on the franchise,...

September 17th, 1991: Massive brush fires are reported in California, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico,...

September 18th, 1991: Triad boss Cheung Chi Keung establishes himself as a political boss in Guangzhou, China,...

October 21st, 1991: Baćin Massacre; Serbian troops massacre every villager in Baćin, Croatia ...

November 1st 1991- The Longest Running Romance Comedy Show Plumbers Don't Wear Ties" is given its First Movie. The show, orginating in the 1989 Pilot on NBC staring Jeanne Basone as Jane is showing her exploits, such as her and John (Edward J. Foster) and the Narrator Harry Armis and the dreaded boss Thresher (Paul Bokor). At first, the show is considered to be a horrible idea, but amazingly, nearly 72 Million Viewers watch the Premiere Episode (In no short part due to a movement in the Grunge and Neo Miami Vice Movement), which famously had Jane and John nearly being involved in a Job Interview/Rape/Killing/Chase/Price Is Right Bidding for Jane against Thresher. The Uncensored Version of Plumbers Don't Wear Ties can be found in a select infamous moment here (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mtDGJxMKm64). After the 1st episode, the Show was given a 3 Year Contract extension, which included many famous episodes in the first 13 Episodes such As the Following:

-Harry Armis vs. Chicago Senator and host of Oprah: Oprah Winfrey for the control of the story

-Harry Armis bickering at you while Tom Brokaw announces that "The Claw" has died

-Thresher trying to have his way with Jane

- John trying to have his way with Jane

-Pop Music Sensation Michael Jackson famously appearing when to his tune "Billie Jean" bids on Jane for $5 Billion.

This show has even spawned the highest grossing Video Game of All Time on the SNES with 117 Million Buys.

November 1st, 1991: Kuomingtang boss Yip Kai-foon is ruled innocent of charges of extortion and racketeering in Shanghai, despite video evidence...

November 4, 1991: 9 nuclear warheads go missing. Soviet General Gennady Yanayev calls President George H.W. Bush about the missing nukes.

November 5, 1991: the nuclear terror strikein Moscow in fact does the opposite of the revolutionaries intention. It galvanizes communists across asia, leading to a severe backlash against the revolutionaries. In Pravda in an anonymous interview on revolutionary, "I was for revolution and the end of the Ussr until my supposed comrades used a nuke in Moscow to destroy the kremlin and thousands of civilians. I re-enlisted, I will serve in the Soviet army with honor, even if I wind up going to Afghanistan"

November 6th 1991 - Senator Arlen Specter announces he will challenge the Vice President for the Republican nomination

November 10, 1991: "19 August" reveals anarchist connections and says it will strike all over the world with the Nukes they stole.

November 14, 1991: The body of an agent working for the Canadian Security Intelligence Service found washed ashore on Vancouver, British Columbia. Though the man's identity is kept secret from the public, Canadian officials uncovered that he was spying on a weapons smuggling ring operating from the Soviet-Chinese border until his cover was compromised.

November 18,1991: In one of the worst acts of terrorism, the 9 cities massacre plot is uncovered and stopped. The Washington DC nuke is discovered after the terrorists killed a METRO maintenance worker, Capitol police found the bomb before detonation. In New York, the truck the highjackers were using to get into Manhattan got into a car crash, and the bomb is detonated in the Lincoln tunnel.In Tokyo, the yakuza in fact disrupt the terrorists, while they are planting the bomb, a nuclear bomb being far beyond the league of a yakuza gang, call in the police, and the bomb is recovered.In London, the Bomb is driven in on a truck into Trafalgar Sqaure, and the lead terrorist was holding a suicide switch. After reading a manifesto he let go the switch... and nothing happened... The nuke was a dud.
In Berlin, the bomb detonated near Potsdam Airport
In Toronto, the bomb is discovered and defused.
In Mecca, the bomb detonated near the Kabba... The Holiest site in Islam was obliterated by the bomb.

November 19th, 1991: Black Tuesday; With the destruction of New York City by nuclear terrorism, the U.S. Stock Exchange crashes, falling 1258.25 points within 6 hours in panic selling.

November 20th, 1991: Vukovar Massacre; Croatian and Serbian guerillas launch a brutal ethnic campaign against each other in the confusion caused the nuclear incidents...

November 24th, 1991: Hezbollah leaders begin spreading the conspiracy theory that Israel sponsored the "9 Cities Massacre" during a rally in Beirut, Lebanon,...

December 1st, 1991: The Pacific Stock Exchange in San Francisco, California as the new financial hub for the United States with the top 12 brokerage houses establishing office in the Financial District;

December 17th, 1991: In the aftermath of the "9 Cities Massacre" President George H.W. Bush calls for a "new world order" during a speech in Geneva, Switzerland...

December 20th, 1991: Doctor Luc Montagnier, Pasteur Institute, warns people that the AIDS/HIV vaccine will not be available in France until at least 1997; Also on this day, "Concert for New York City and Los Angeles" is launched in Trenton, New Jersey with performances by Bruce Springsteen, Bon Jovi, Billy Joel, Elton John, Whitney Houston and Paul McCartney,....

December 21st, 1991: "America: A Tribute for Heroes" telethon hosted by Harrison Ford, Robin Williams, Billy Crystal, and Whoopi Goldberg, is launched in Los Angeles, California to raise money for relief efforts and the reconstruction of the cities...

December 21st, 1991: "United We Stand: Concert for the World" is established at Wembley Stadium in London, with performances by David Bowie, U2, The Who, Phil Collins, et al. to raise money for relief efforts in Berlin and Moscow,...

************

January 1, 1992: General Gennady Yanaydev Requests help from President Bush and NATO to secure the Soviet nuclear arsenal. Both Agree to put aside their differences in order to combat the threat of Global terror posed by 19 August and other groups.

January 3, 1992: Despite the best efforts of the Federal Reserve and the US Government to move the financial backbone of the country to San Francisco, the economy is now in a deep recession (This will persist until 1996)

January 6th 1992- GTA Vice City Stories, a movie ends up released in theaters. Noted as a prequel from 1984, the movie stars healthy Left Fielder for the Yankees Bo Jackson as Victor Vance. (Same Story as OTL); Also on this day, Eduard Shevardnadze is assassinated in Tblisi, Georgia, USSR fueling nationalist sentiment in the region,...

January 9th-18th, 1992: Soviet military forces launch raids against rebels in Kizlyar, Pervomayskoye and Sovetskoye, Dagestan...

January 15th, 1992: Iranian forces have captures Basra, Mosul, Flaujah, and Kirkuk.

February 1st, 1992: Comic book artists that include veterans Neal Adams, Bob Layton, George Perez, Barry Windsor-Smith along with superstars Jim Lee and Todd MacFarlane form Awesome Comics in an effort to meet the market needs for comics in the aftermath of the "9 Cities Massacre"...

February 4th, 1992: President Carlos Andrés Pérez is overthrown in a military coup by General Hugo Chavez in Caracas, Venezuela,...

February 5th, 1992: Muslim guerillas bomb a bus carrying government workers in Urumqi, Xinjiang, demanding independence for the region...

February 8th, 1992: In the wake of the "9 Cities Massacre", President Bush passes the Telecommunications Act of 1992, granting the government broad oversight powers over the Internet,...

February 8th-23rd,1992- XVI Winter Olympic Games are held in Sofia, Bulgaria, highlighting unity efforts by the United States and the Soviet Union. Highlights:
* South Africa still banned

February 9th 1992 - Clinton and Dole win the Iowa caucuses

February 15th, 1992: Congress passes the NII Copyright Protection Act in Washington D.C., imposing heavy fines and criminal sentences for the copy and transmission of digital material, angering many civil libertarians,...

March 1st 1992 - After successive defeats, both Bob Kerrey and Arlen Specter withdraw from the race. Dole becomes the presumptive GOP nominee

March 17th, 1992: Andries Treurnicht is elected Prime Minister in a whites-only national referendum, in Johannesburg, South Africa,...

March 28th, 1992: The Economist reports that EMC, the "smart drug" should be legalized, despite concerns about its safety,...

March 31st, 1992: "Body Count" by Cop Killer makes its hit debut, protesting the policies of the Bush administration,...

April 2nd, 1992: President George H.W. Bush calls for the formation of "citizen militias" to defend against possible terrorism, as "part of the proud tradition of the Minutemen..." during a speech in Des Moines, Iowa...

April 5th, 1992: President Alberto Fujimori is ousted in a military coup by General Jaime Salinas Sedó in Lima, Peru...

April 7th, 1992: Today Show (NBC-TV) host Bryant Gumbel appears on Murphy's Show, doing a skit wherein he portrays himself as a gangster, with the catchphrase,"I'm Bryant Gumbel, B@#$"

April 9th, 1992: Jerusalem Post reports that Iran plans to obtain Soviet nuclear weapons, sparking concern about a regional conflict,...

April 14th 1992 - After a bitter primary campaign, Governor Bill Clinton becomes the presumptive Democratic nominee

April 25th, 1992: Hamas terrorists bomb Israeli settlements in Afula and Hadera, killing 18 people, injuring 80 people, in what many call an attempt to "restore the balance" after the "9 Cities Massacre".

May 5, 1992: Due to the Corruption rampant in China, and the US navy running around the Atlantic helping reconstruction and refugees from the 9 cities massacre, Various pirate groups organize coups in many south pacific nations overwhelming the military. Fiji becomes a "Pirate Nation"

May 12, 1992: The Economica National Security Act is passed creating better emergency contingencies for the economic backbone of America. Preliminary secondary sites for the Economic Capital should San Francisco ever be destroyed is Chicago, followed by Boston then Seattle.

May 13th, 1992: Li Hongzhi leads rally in Changchun, calling for an end to the monopoly of power held by the Kuomingtang,...

May 30th, 1992: European Economic Community establishes the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in Paris, France...

May 31st, 1992: Ambassador Luis Miguel Beleza of Portugal, warns Central and Eastern European of a "Franco-German" hegemony within the European Union...

June 10, 1992: In an event which soon becomes known as the June Revolution, Islamist groups across Xinjiang province in China, the Tajik SSR, the Uzbek SSR, the Turkmen SSR, the Kazakh SSR and the Causcasus in the Soviet Union all rise up in revolt agains their communists masters after rumours circulate of Soviet involvement in the destruction of Mecca.

June 18th, 1992: Eddie Murphy sparks controversy by supporting Bill Cosby, over comments condemning African-American usage of the "n-word"...

June 19, 1992: The Batman Strikes directed by Joe Dante debuts in theater starring Dolph Lundgren as Mr. Freeze and Danny DeVito as the Penguin.

June 28th, 1992: PM Kiichi Miyazawa sparks international controversy after visiting the Yasukini Shrine in Tokyo, Japan.

July 7th, 1992 the last elements of the Iraqi army surender at Turkrit.

July 13th, 1992: Awesome commands 9.73% of the market share of comics, becoming one of the fastest growing companies in America.

July 14th, 1992: Iran annexes Iraq and forms the United Islamic Caliphate in Tehran (UIC).

July 18th, 1992: Author Jean-Charles Brisard claims to have evidence that the "9 Cities Massacre" was part of a conspiracy in Paris, France...

July 25th-August 9th, 1992- XXV Summer Olympic Games are held in Birmingham, Great Britain, amidst concerns of a possible Irish Republican Army (IRA) attack. Highlights:
* South Africa still banned
* American Swimmer Michael Atchens sparks controversy by attempting to swim nude. His placing is not recorded, although he would have only placed 6th in the 200m breaststroke

July 28th, 1992: Joints Chiefs of Staff meet with President George H.W. Bush warning him against invading the United Islamic Caliphate (UIC) during a briefing at Camp David....

August 2, 1992: The 9th Circuit court of appeals rules in Martinez v. State of California that the State police was abridging Martinez's right to freedom of speech and expression, when he was arrested following the protest for indecent exposure. Nudism is now considered a legal form of protest in the state of California

August 14th, 1992: Awesome surpasses both Marvel and DC Comics for market share and sales, despite predictions by industry leaders.

August 17th, 1992: Citizen's Militia leader James "Bo" Gritz opens the Republican National Convention in Houston, Texas,....

August 22, 1992: Soviet troops manage to reconquer the Tajik SSR and the Uzbek SSR. However, the now-declared Islamic Republics of Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and the Caucasus remain free.

September 2nd, 1992: Andrew Martinez (a.k.a. "the Naked Guy") achieves national attention by popularizing "naturist (nudist) lifestyle" in Berkeley, California...

September 7th, 1992: George W. Bush, son of President George H.W. Bush is named Major League Baseball (MLB) Commissioner

September 8th, 1992: Syndicated talk show host Parker Dashwood makes her television debut

September 16th, 1992: Tensions rise in Bonn, West Germany as Red Army Faction (RAF) members threaten to bomb the Federal Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development, amidst austerity measures,...

September 18th, 1992: Andrew Martinez leads the Nude & Breast Freedom Parade in Berkeley, California...

October 5th, 1992: NATO officials announce plans for the privatization of resources in Berlin, Germany, sparking riots throughout Central and Eastern Europe; Also on this day, The Caribbean Coast returns to piracy due to Chavez lax attitude regarding pirates (and in fact taking large bribes to allow pirate raiders to dock in Cuba)

October 14, 1992: James Cameron begins on production of Spider-Man, which later becomes one of the most expensive films in history. Rumors persist that Cameron took considerable liberties with the property.

October 17th, 1992: EMC-enthusiast Gary Gygax begins trafficking via the Internet, from Lake Geneva, Wisconsin,....

October 23rd, 1992: Kimberly Powers launches her first musical single "insert title here", becoming a pop icon almost overnight; Also on this day, Vice- President Bob Dole meets with Christian fundamentalist preacher Pete Peters at the "Rocky Mountain Rendezvous" in Estes Park, Colorado,...

October 28th, 1992: Saleh Shehadeh, head of Hamas Izzeldin-El Kassam armed brigades, launches a series of attacks against the Israeli West Bank, demanding a Palestinian state.

November 3, 1992: Bob Dole Defeats Bill Clinton 300-238.

November 9th, 1992: United Nations officials warn of South Africa's nuclear weapons program, citing laboratories at Gauteng and Koeberg, South Africa,...

November 16th, 1992: President George H.W. Bush issues Executive Order #12170 declaring a "National Emergency With Respect to Iran" in Washington D.C.,...

November 21st, 1992: The All People's Coalition begins reporting conspiracy theories about the "9 Cities Massacre" in San Francisco, California,...

November 26th, 1992: Battletoads (Syndicated) animated series based on the video game, makes its hit television debut,...

November 27th, 1992: Associated Press (AP) journalist Evan C. Hunziker is executed as a spy by North Korean authorities...

December 1st, 1992: Strasbourg Riots; Food riots erupt in Strasbourg, France as NATO forces stop French and German aid trucks headed to Germany, amidst rumors of a nuclear terrorist attack...

December 24, 1992: In what becomes known in the USSR as the Christmas Humiliation, the Soviets are forced to make peace with and recognize the Caucasus, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan as free nations.

December 25th, 1992: UIC forces invade, capture, and annex Kuwait in only 12 hours. US forces in the area are on alert, but are unable to do much since the US is still recovering from the 9 Cities Massacre.

**************

January 1, 1993: Xinjiangese revolutionaries finally force all Chinese troops out of their claimed territory, and declare the Islamic Republic of East Turkestan. Also on this day, President Hosni Mubarrak is assassinated, Egypt falls into chaos. Also on this day, Awesome enters into the publishing, forgoing Malibu and Diamond companies.

January 12th, 1993: Kimberly Powers launches her debut album in New York City, New York...

January 19, 1993: China is forced to make peace with and recognize East Turkestan after failing to recapture it.

February 5, 1993: After learning of Islamic victory in East Turkestan, the Indian government under President Shankar Dayal Sharma authorizes a program to begin training and arming Tibetan exiles in India led by the Dalai Lama. The Lama himself endorses this plan as a way to free his nation from Chinese rule.

February 9th, 1993: Talk show host Parker Dashwood sparks controversy, after airing an episode from Forsyth County, Georgia, where no colored people have been allowed to live since 1912.

February 15th, 1993: c. 350,000 people protest against the possibility of war against the United Islamic Caliphate in San Francisco, California; Also on that day c.1,500,000 people protest against American invasion in London, England,...

February 18th, 1993: Flash floods hit San Diego and Ventura, California, 2 people killed, millions lost in property damage,...

February 23rd, 1993: Musician FDR makes his first commercial success with the song "Naughty Librarian girl, run your fingers down my spine"

February 26th, 1993: Fundamentalist cleric Omar Abdul-Rahman emerges as the leader Islamic fundamentalist movement in Cairo, Egypt,...

March 13th, 1993: MP Shōichi Nakagawa sparks controversy, after declaring that the Japanese military intervention in China and Korea is a "security necessity"...

March 15th, 1993: Gamaa al Islamiya launches anti-Israeli rallies in Cairo, Alexandria, et al., calling for an end to "American-Israeli occupation" of the region...

March 17, 1993: Warner Bros. announce pre-production of the long anticipated "Superman/Batman: World's Finest" film slated for release Winter 1995. Though Mel Gibson is signed to portray Batman one last time, no director is attached as of yet nor is anyone cast as Reeve's replacement for Superman.

March 18th, 1993: United Islamic Caliphate launches SCUD missiles into Tel Aviv, Israel and Riyadh, Saudi Arabia,...

March 19th 1993: President Robert Dole addresses the nation, declaring war on the United Islamic Caliphate (UIC) for "crimes against humanity"...

March 29th, 1993: Battle of Khafji; Allied forces battle against United Islamic Caliphate forces in Khafji, Saudi Arabia,...

March 30th, 1993: Defense Secretary Thomas Friedman warns of a nuclear weapons program by the UIC, during a speech before the United Nations Security Council in New York City, New York,...

April 6th, 1993: Warsaw Riots; anti-American/ anti-European riots erupt in Warsaw, Poland over the purchase of the banks by French, German and American interests,...

April 9th, 1993: Liberation of Iraq proclaimed by President Robert Dole, during a speech aboard the U.S.S. Nimitz,....

April 13th, 1993: Polish nationalist Janusz Walus reveals South African aid to anti-Communist guerillas in Eastern Europe, creating a diplomatic incident,...

April 30th, 1993: EMC (a.k.a. "smart drugs") are used by c.50,000 at the "Tribal Gathering" at Warminster, near Bath, England,...

May 13, 1993: A Muslim theocratic government is founded in Cairo.

May 15th, 1993: Eddie Murphy tells Source magazine that he has become a born-again Christian in Los Angeles, California...

May 21st, 1993: President Robert Dole rejects the Comprehensive Anti-Apartheid Bill sponsored by led by Edolphus Towns (D-NY) and Kwesi Mfume (D-MD), sparking tensions within the African-American community,...

May 22nd, 1993: Talk show host Parker Dashwood interviews Constance Morgan, who claims that she has been the subject of UFO abductions since childhood,...

June 7th, 1993: "Shining Enlightenment" album by Cinders and Smoke is released, becoming an international blockbuster, going platinum quickly.

June 12, 1993: Former President George H.W. Bush while on a diplomatic visit to Rome, warns of a new "Arab-Israeli War"

June 23rd, 1993: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm fights to have sole custody of his daughter Alice after filing court papers in Seattle, Washington...

July 4, 1993: General Gennady Yanadev announces the stabilization of over 75% of the USSR, and that the "Union will not fall because of terrorists". It would go down as one of the great speeches of the twentieth century, and many historians would use this point to differentiate between the "Cold War Era" and the "War on Terror". The Soviet Union undergoes a resurgence due to the sympathy of Moscow, Czech revolts end over night, and crackdowns in Hungary and the Ukraine get results. Although some international experts criticize Yanaydev's policies, it does stabilize Eastern Europe, but keeping Gorbachev's Glasnost and Perestroika reforms, the Iron curtain is more or less down.

July 6th, 1993: EMC (a.k.a. "smart drugs") overtakes cocaine as the drug of choice in 45 states, according to the DEA in Washington D.C.,...

July 25th, 1993: Politically Incorrect (ABC-TV) hosted by Bill Maher makes its hit debut,...

July 29th, 1993: Soviet troops capture "19 August" forces, after detecting a nuclear radiation signal in Andreevan Guba naval base, Russia, USSR,...

August 20th, 1993: Micro-Gene Systems Inc., announces a contract with the United States Army to produce AIDS/HIV vaccines in San Jose, California....

September 2nd, 1993: Massachusetts state government announces plans to support vaccination for AIDS/HIV during a press conference in Boston, Massachusetts,....

September 9th, 1993: FDA officials approve Cognex as a medical treatment, to deal with the side-effects of EMC in Washington D.C.,...

September 12th, 1993: Jerry Hall and Robert Stillman announce the successful cloning of 17 human embryos at George Washington University in Washington D.C., sparking international controversy...

October 3rd, 1993: Nude-In; c.16,000 people protest in the nude in San Francisco, California, calling for an end to nuclear weapons. Cinders and Smoke perform during the "Nude-in" Protest in San Francisco

October 4th, 1993: A Citizen's Militia group is accused of shooting a police officer in Opelika, Alabama, inflaming the radical right,...

October 9th, 1993: Soviet troops capture "19 August" forces led by Ivan Smirnov as they attempt to detonate a nuclear weapon in Podolsk, Russia, USSR

October 14th, 1993: President Muammar al-Gaddafi is assassinated in Tripoli, Libya, after tensions within the Libyan military erupt,...

October 22nd, 1993: President Robert Dole approves funding for the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) in Waxahachie, Texas...

October 27th, 1993: South of Sunset (CBS-TV) makes its debut, in an effort to copy the success of the GTA: Vice Stories (NBC-TV) franchise, starring Glenn Frey,...

October 31st, 1993: Actor River Phoenix is hospitalized after an overdose of EMC at the Viper Room in Los Angeles, California,...

November 5, 1993: Increasingly pirates in the South Pacific and Carribbean are targeting yachts and holding families for ransom.

November 7, 1993: The ACRE Act (American Civil Rights Enrichment Act) is passed by Congress, critics charge that it hardly "enriches our freedoms, but abridges them to the whim of the government". It gives broad emergency powers to the President, and the FCC.

November 14th, 1993: 9 directed by Stanley Kubrick, starring James Cromwell as President George H.W. Bush, makes its film debut, featuring the hours

November 18th, 1993: Atari Jaguar handheld video game console, becoming a major best-seller,...

November 27th, 1993: "19 August" guerillas led by Aleksei Tikhomirov and Oleg Baranov are captured at Sevmorput naval base, Russia, USSR....

November 28th, 1993: Pamyat leaders begin distributing pamphlets in Moscow, USSR claiming that the "9 Cities Massacre" was part of a Jewish conspiracy, citing The Protocols of the Elders of Zion,...

December 4th, 1993: Anti-American & Anti-Soviet Riots erupt in Geneva, Switzerland, over proposed economic measures aimed at restoring the European Economic Community,...

December 15th, 1993: Greenpeace members firebomb GATT Building in Geneva, Switzerland, as Anti-American and Anti-Soviet sentiment rises throughout the Continent,...

*******************

January 1st, 1994: John Trochmann of Helena, Montana is named president of the Citizen Militias of America (CMA),...

January 4th, 1994: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm is accused of being racist and homophobic, after a performance in Los Angeles, California...

January 10, 1994: Billionaire Richard Branson commissions the "Eclipse", the world's first luxury airship. This soon begins a race to instead of buying yachts, buying luxury airships.

February 1st, 1994: Heather O'Rourke, one of the actresses of the The Dark Beneath franchise dies after being attacked by an abusive boyfriend, fueling speculation of a curse,...

February 7th, 1994: The FCC shuts broadcast of The Arsenio Hall Show after Public Enemy and KRS-One perform, condemning the Dole administration saying, "Dole hates black people!!"

February 12th-27th, 1994- XVII Winter Olympic Games are held in Ostersund, Sweden, highlighted by anti-American and anti-Soviet protests, Highlights:
* Nancy Kerrigan clenches the Gold, Tonya Harding got the bronze.
* Bobsledding Accident, kills Guido Aicklan.

February 13th, 1994: Christina Klein is arrested in Berlin, Germany after attempting to detonate a nuclear weapon. Also on this day, Congress ratifies the Baird/Cornyn Amendment, authored by John Cornyn (R-TX) and Brian Baird (D-WA), granting the "continuity of Congress" in the death of members in a terrorist attack.

March 1st, 1994: Pieter Mulder and Abrie Oosthuizen, leaders of the Freedom Front, call for the formation of an Afrikanner state, during a rally in Cape Town, South Africa...

March 12th-13th, 1994: Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the AWB, overthrows the government in Johannesburg, South Africa...

April 5, 1994: Kurt Cobain commits suicide in Seattle, Washington...

April 11th, 1994: Opposition leader Raouf Khayrat, is assassinated in Cairo, Egypt, after speaking out against the Gamaa al Islamiya,...

May 6th, 1994: Adolf Jaekle is arrested in Frankfurt, Germany on charges of arms sales to Neo-Nazi militias, he is released after reporting the transport of a "19 August" weapon into Germany; Also on this day, Eddie Murphy's Block Party makes its hit debut, featuring footage of Arsenio Hall, Arrested Development, Queen Latifah, Tupac Shakur, and others performing in Watts, California...

May 12, 1994: Babylon 5 premieres on NBC-TV. Also on this day, The Flash ends is fourth and final season on a high note with the two-hour finale "Justice For All" where every guest that appeared on the show comes together to form the Justice League. (including Green Lantern, Green Arrow, Black Canary, Hawkman, Martian Manhunter, and Red Tornado).

May 14th, 1994: Kimberly Powers performs on Saturday Night Live (NBC-TV) in New York City, New York,...

May 17th, 1994: Cinders and Smoke launches their third album "Ring of Fire" , becoming platinum overnight,...

June 3rd, 1994: Musician Frankie D is arrested after a long verbal feud with members of Insane Clow Posse become heated in Los Angeles, California....

June 17th, 1994: FDA approves the AIDS/HIV vaccine in Bethesda Naval Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland,....

July 1, 1994: James Cameron's Spider-Man debuts in theaters, and flops miserably. Cameron blames it on a difficult production exacerbated by executive meddling. Fans blame it on the non-adherence to the comic books.

July 6th, 1994: Forrest Gump starring Tom Hanks and Tupac Shakur makes its hit film debut; Also on this day, the first issue of Crisis in Infinite Eras (counting down from issues 11 to 0) by DC Comics hits the newsstands to correct the timeline issues from "Crisis on Infinite Earths". Along the most controversial changes are:

  • The destruction of the Green Lantern Corps and Oa as well as the sacrifice of Hal Jordan to save the timeline. The last Green Lantern ring is given to Kyle Rayner of Earth.
  • Wonder Woman is reinstated as an original member of the Justice League.
  • While 1990's Hawkworld is still canon, Katar and Shayera Hol's history with the Justice League is also reinstated.
  • The wholesale deaths of the Justice Society, especially controversial after editor Mike Carlin's remarks about their redundancy.
  • Legion of Super-Heroes is completely rebooted.

July 8th-10th, 1994: Naples Riots; Anti-American and Anti-Soviet sentiment reaches new levels in Naples, Italy as c.325,000 people gather to protest economic austerity measures and military actions on the Continent,...

July 19th, 1994: Egyptian-backed Izzedine al-Qassam, claims responsibility for suicide bombing along the Gaza Strip, heightening tensions within Israel....

July 20, 1994: Babylon 5 (NBC-TV) goes against Plumbers don't wear ties on primetime. Surprising some "Plumbers" loses and never regains its former glory.

July 22nd, 1994: North directed by Rob Reiner, starring Elijah Wood, Bruce Willis, Jason Alexander, and Julia Louis-Dreyfuss, makes its hit debut,...

July 23rd, 1994: Eddie Murphy abruptly shuts down production on Murphy's Show in Hollywood, California,...

July 29th, 1994: Fury of Firestorm, based on one of the comic book titles of the now seldom-seen DC character makes its hit debut as a film. Surprising executives at Warner Bros.

August 12th-14th, 1994: Woodstock 2.0 (a.k.a. "Ravestock"), 380,000 people gather in Woodstock, New York protesting the many restrictions imposed by the Dole administration...

August 18th, 1994: Egyptian leader Omar Abdul-Rahman announces in Cairo, that it will withdraw from the Camp David Accords, claiming a "state of war" exists with Israel....

August 29th, 1994: Fahrenheit 11/18 documentary by Michael Moore, popularizes many of the conspiracy theories about the "9 Cities Massacre"...

September 1st, 1994: U.S.-backed President Ahmed Chalabi is assassinated in Latifiya, Iraq, by Shiite militias,...

September 2nd, 1994: Angela R. Maclean, Oxford University, announces AIDS/HIV vaccine medical testing for British residents, sparking indignation from the LGBT community...

September 6th, 1994: Talk show host Parker Dashwood interviews celebrity crminal suspect Joseph Lyle Menendez in Los Angeles, California,...

September 6th-14th, 1994: "19 August" rebels launch a series bombings against civilians in Buinaksk, and Volgodonsk, USSR, killing 38 people...

September 13th-19th, 1994: Kimberly Powers launches her solo career, with the "Tesla Dynamic" album released in the United States, Great Britain, and Japan,...

September 16th, 1994: The Fighting American, based on one of the highest selling comic book titles of Awesome makes its hit debut as a film.

September 19th, 1994: Citizen Militias of America "General" Linda Thompson leads a march of CMA members in Washington D.C., sparking national attention,...

September 23rd, 1994: The Shawshank Redemption starring Brad Pitt, makes its hit film debut,...

September 26th, 1994: President Robert Dole announces his support for Mujahedeen-e Khalq (MEK), as the opposition to the Iranian government in Tehran,...

September 30th, 1994: Union leader Marian W. Zacharski is assassinated in Gdansk, Poland, after launching massive protests against French and German purchase of the shipyards...

October 20th, 1994: Montreal Expos beat the New York Yankees in Game 7, 6-3, sparking nationalist sentiment throughout Quebec,....

October 26th, 1994: Ontario Attorney General Jim Flaherty demands musician Frankie D. Reynholm be arrested for obscenity in Toronto, California, after performing nude to protest the Dole Administration and singing, "Love Hovel"

November 6th, 1994: "I'd Rather Be Your Lover" single by Madonna and featuring Tupace Shakur, makes its hit musical debut,..

November 8, 1994: Democrats retake Congress, but George W. and Jeb Bush are elected Governor of Texas and Florida respectively. Among the Democratic freshmen is John F. Kennedy Jr. in NY-14. Also on this day, Bill Simon (R-CA) defeats Dianne Feinstein in her re-election bid, becoming the next governor of California...

November 11th, 1994: Interview With The Vampire starring Johnny Depp as "Lestat", makes its hit debut, ...

November 26th, 1994: Fatherland based on the alternate history novel by Robert Harris, starring Rutger Hauer and Miranda Richardson, makes its hit debut, financially and critically; Also on this day, Prague Riots; Riots erupt in Prague, Czechoslovakia over French and German privatization of water and fuel utilities nationwide...

December 10th, 1994: Essen Summit Bombing; Red Army Faction (RAF) guerillas in Essen, detonate a car bomb outside the European Union Summit in Essen, West Germany, killing 8 people...

********************

January 17th, 1995: "Do You Want More?!!!??" hip-hop album by the Roots, makes its hit debut in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania,..

January 25th, 1995: "Resurrection" by Legend makes its hit debut in Chicago, Illinois, protesting the Dole administration,...

February 3rd, 1995: Millionaire Bill Bussey unveils the luxury zeppelin Skyquest-5 in Chanute, Kansas,...

February 12th, 1995: Kimberly Powers signs a 6-year contract with Coca-Cola Corp., in Atlanta, Georgia; Also on this day, Peace talks between Egypt and Israel, brokered by President Robert "Bob" Dole collapse in Paris, France...

February 15th, 1995: Mr. Payback starring Christopher Lloyd makes its debut as the first interactive movie in Hollywood, California,...

February 20th, 1995: Amber McKlane defends the musician Frankie D. Reynholm, during a television interview on Good Morning America (ABC-TV)...

February 25th, 1995: Colonel Rovshan Javadov seizes control of the government during a military coup in Baku, Azerbaijan,...

March 5th, 1995: The Great Defender (FOX-TV) starring Michael Rispoli, makes its hit television series debut,...

March 31st, 1995: Tejano musician Selena survives being shot by manager Yolanda Saldívar in Corpus Christi, Texas,...

April 12, 1995: Reynholm does a corporate spot for his old employer advertising Windows 4.0

April 19th, 1995: Spanish opposition leader MP José María Aznar is assassinated by Basque separtists in Madrid, Spain,...

April 22nd, 1995: Massive logging and deforestation are blamed for massive forest fires throughout Madagascar, by officials in Antananarivo,...

May 17, 1995: Crisis in Infinite Eras ends with a soft reboot. All ongoing series publish a special "#0" issue that recounts the origin and histories of their heroes. Though highly contentious with established fans, critics remark that DC cleaned up its continuity enough to make it more accessible to readers.

June 3rd, 1995: Members of the Citizen Militias of America (CMA) hold their national convention in Wichita, Kansas, calling for "resistance against the New World Order..."

June 8th, 1995: PM Murayama Tomiichi resigns after right-wing activists condemn attempts to apologize for atrocities and war crimes during the Second World War, in Tokyo, Japan,....

June 12th, 1995: Quebec secedes from Canada, after a provincial referendum by a margin of 50.58%, amidst concerns about Canadian stability,...

June 14th, 1995: Treaty of Shanghai; Chinese and Soviet leaders announce a political alliance, in opposition to American military intervention in the Central Asia region,...

July 18th, 1995: U.N. Ambassador Ariel Cohen condemns the Treaty of Shanghai as a threat to the European Union, Iran, Turkey, and India,...

July 23rd, 1995: MPs Keizo Takemi and Ichita Yamamoto are elected to the Diet after calling for a platform of "national pride and patriotism..."

July 31, 1995: DC's market share exceeds that of Marvel's for the first time in many years.

August 14th, 1995: Virtual Boy (Nintendo) becomes a major bestseller, as the "next-generation" game platform,...

August 17, 1995: US-India Free Trade Agreement is signed by Bob Dole and Rajiv Gandhi in Washington, D.C. over intense US domestic opposition.

August 22nd, 1995: Burning Man Festival launched at Baker Beach in San Francisco, California, event participants create "Seal Rock City" on the beach,..

August 31st, 1995: Suicide bomber causes a panic on a crowded bridge, killing 1,000 people in the stampede in Baghdad, Iraq,....

September 3, 1995: Definitive proof is discovered that the so-called "June Plot", placing the blame for the destruction of Mecca on the Soviet Union, is completely falsified.

September 7, 1995: The Cree and Inuit peoples announce a counter-secession from Quebec to rejoin Canada. The government in Quebec City refuses to allow this.

September 10, 1995: Alberta Premier, Ralph Klein, remarks that Quebec is the "biggest hypocrite on the North American continent for refusing its own people the right to self determination." Sparking outrage from Quebecois nationalists.

September 22nd, 1995: Canadian Bacon starring John Candy, directed by Michael Moore, makes its hit debut. Also on this day, Showgirls directed by Paul Verhoeven, propels Elizabeth Berkley to fame, after making its hit debut,...

September 29th 1995 - General Wesley Clark, recently dismissed by President Dole announces he will run for the Democratic nomination against the frontrunner, Senator Al Gore.

October 3rd, 1995: Macedonian President Kiro Gligorov is assassinated in Skopje, Yugoslavia, further raising tensions in the Balkans,...

October 16th, 1995: Million Man March; President Robert Dole sparks controversy after he deploys the National Guard to Washington D.C., after hip-hop artists organize African-American leaders in protest of government policies,...

October 22nd, 1995: Los Angeles Rams announces their move to Baltimore, Maryland,...

October 31st, 1995: Bad Day on the Midway interactive film directed by David Lynch, makes its hit debut, creating greater legitimacy for the genre,....

November 4th, 1995: Israeli PM Yitzhak Rabin narrowly survives an assassination attempt by Yigal Amir in Jerusalem, Israel, raising tensions in the region...

November 12th, 1995: City officials announce plans to keep the Cleveland Browns NFL team in Cleveland, Ohio,...

November 22nd, 1995: Money Train starring Jennifer Lopez, Woody Harrelson, and Wesley Snipes makes its hit debut,...

November 27th, 1995: Talk show host Parker Dashwood sparks controversy after bursting into tears during an episode about orphans from the conflict in the United Islamic Caliphate (UIC),...

December 12, 1995: Amber McKlane's solo album, "Censor THIS!" debuts and creates instant controversy. For one she posed nude for the cover to protest President Dole's authoritarian policies, and of the 10 singles on the album, 7 of them criticize Dole, his presidency, Congress or the FCC. The manager for Cinders and Smoke said, "Look the band supported Amber 100%, but this was simply looking for a fight. Amber will be back in the band for the next album in June"

December 18, 1995: Sabotage and several explosions at generating stations along the James Bay Project results in several blackouts and brownouts across eastern North America.

December 22nd, 1995: Cutthroat Island starring Geena Davis, Matthew Modine, and Frank Langella, makes its hit debut, reinvigorating the pirate genre of film,...

********************

January 8th, 1996: Robert Thompson and Jon Venables blame their murder on exposure to the film The Dark Beneath in Merseyside, England, sparking calls for a ban on the franchise,...

January 15th, 1996: Jeish al-Taiifa al-Mansoura (a.k.a. "Army of the Victorious Sect") launches attacks on Allied forces in Baghdad, Iraq,...

February 2nd, 1996: Newsweek popularizes "geek chic" , linking the movement with EMC-trafficking and the Internet,...

February 3rd, 1996: Cinders and Smoke sparks controversy after appearing on Saturday Night Live (NBC-TV) in New York City, New York, calling for President Dole's impeachment. The FCC cancels the broadcast under the terms of the 1992 PATRIOT Communications Act.

February 4, 1996: Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi wins a third term in a landslide, with 337/542 seats in the Lok Sabha.

February 17, 1996: President Dole's State of the Union address is given before Congress. During the speech, the "Nude for Freedom" rally of nearly 125,000 led by Amber McKlane outside in the National Mall frequently interrupts the speech. President Dole in a moment of anger, breaks from the teleprompter and yells, "Will someone shut that Bi*** up!" Shortly after that power is cut to the rally's heating lamps breaking up the rally except for a dedicated crowd of 3,000. Amber is taken to a hospital after getting frostbite and nearly losing her toes.

February 29th, 1996: Ripper interactive film starring Christopher Walken, Scott Cohen, Tahnee Welch, Ossie Davis, Burgess Meredith, Karen Allen, David Patrick Kelly, John Rhys-Davies, Jimmie Walker, Anna Levine and Paul Giamatti., makes its hit debut,...

March 5, 1996: Google Debuts 2 years early.

March 12th 1996 - In the interests of party unity, Gore withdraws and endorses Clark.

March 23rd, 1997: Defense Minister Nisohachi Hyodo calls for the Japanese development of a nuclear weapon before the Diet in Tokyo, Japan,....

March 25th, 1996: Jordan Standoff; Members of the Citizen Militias of America enter into a gun battle with ATF agents in Jordan, Montana, killing 18 people. Radical right leaders demonize "federal excess"...

April 1, 1996: During the 1996 election season, Doles shows McKlane as an example of everything that's wrong in America. The nudism, the cannabis use, the anti-patriotic rhetoric. The militias take a more active role in trying to smear McKlane, protesters boycotting her music, throwing tomatoes at concerts. It is the first schism between the generations. The Mushroon Cloud Generation (formerly known as Generation X) rallies around McKlane, many registering to vote.

April 5th 1996 - Wesley Clark announces Al Gore as his nominee for Vice President against President Dole and Vice-President Richard "Dick" Lugar,...

April 11th, 1996: Government officials announce at Pelindaba, that South Africa will leave the 1962 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty,...

April 27th, 1996: Groundbreaking takes place the site of the World Trade Center for the "Freedom Tower", with President Robert "Bob" Dole, John F. Kennedy Jr., et al. attending...

May 3rd, 1996: The Punisher: War Zone, based on one of the comic book titles of Marvel flops at the box office and also draws criticism from moral guardians over its violent content.

May 5, 1996: The city of Montreal grows concerned with the flight of big business to (English) Canada, rising unemployment, runaway government spending, and increasing instability in the north. The municipal government considers reunion with Canada or becoming an independent city-state. Also on this day, a militia member tries to kill McKlane while leaving a hotel in Vegas. The gunman fails but McKlane refuses to stop performing, and publically dares the militiamen to "Go ahead, stop me from exercising freedom of speech by violating those commandments you hold so dear."

May 23, 1996: The last episode of Star Trek: the Next Generation airs, ending its 9th season.

May 28th, 1996: Ukrainian nationalist Pavlo Lazarenko is assassinated in Boryspil, Ukraine, USSR, sparking ethnic tensions in the region,...

May 30th-June 2nd, 1996: Berlin Riots; Bundswehr forces declare martial law in the area around Berlin, Germany as local residents protest NATO and Warsaw Pact austerity measures...

June 7, 1996: Superman/Batman: World's Finest, produced by Richard Donner and Joe Dante released in theaters after years of hype. It quickly surpasses the combined gross of Superman and Batman.

June 16th, 1996: Dennis Rodman leads the San Antonio Spurs to victory against the Seattle Supersonics, 87-75,...

July 3rd, 1996: Masters of Orion 2 video-game expansion is released with fans waiting outside stores for a midnight release

July 4, 1996: The US and USSR agree to a treaty to eliminate all ICBM missiles by January 1, 2006 and reduce stockpiles to 500 bombs each not to exceed 5 MT. The treaty is ratified by the Senate 89-10. General Gennady Yanayev and President Dole both receive The 1997 Nobel Peace Prize.

July 19th-August 4th, 1996-XXVI Summer Olympic Games are held in Athens, Greece, celebrating the centennial of the Olympic Games. Highlights:
* Swimmer Melissa Thatcher of the United States. Thatcher was one of the celebrities that supported McKlane against the Dole Administration. As a sign of protest she did the 100m Freestyle nude. She would win 7 gold medals. Debates would persist for years whether or not she deserved an eighth, as following Atchens in 1992 nude swimmers don't get an official place, but she beat Sandra Volker of Germany by a full second.

August 6th, 1996: Catwoman directed by Tim Burton, starring Michelle Pfieffer, makes its hit film debut,...

August 12th-15th, 1996: Anti-war protesters launch riots outside the Republican National Convention in San Diego, California,...

August 25th, 1996: Authors Mathias Bröckers and Andreas von Bülow claim to have evidence of the "9 Cities Conspiracy" during a press conference in Berlin, Germany....

August 30th 1996: After Powers (ABC-TV), a sci-fi sitcom about a group of retired superheroes, debuts to great ratings and favorable reviews.

August 31st, 1996: Rally for the Bill of Rights; members of the Citizen Militias of America (CMA) rally in Washington D.C., many brandishing automatic weapons,...

September 1st, 1996: Alexander "Sandy" Antunes is arrested in Baltimore, Maryland, over reports of EMC-trafficking,...

September 13, 1996: Cinders and Smoke, while returning from tour throughout Europe, are barred entrance back to the US. McKlane and the band take to doing satellite interviews, call-in concerts, and even setting up the first virtual concert on the internet, which thanks to a great deal of proxies, and the aid of many hackers stateside, is able to bypass the FCC's guards, much to their chagrin

September 15th, 1996: North Korean troops are deployed to the region of Rajin-Sonbong, fearing South Korean transmission of the "Hong Kong Flu"...

September 19th, 1996: PM Yitzhak Rabin orders the deployment of troops along the West Bank, amidst fears of Egyptian attacks...

September 21st, 1996: Dark Skies (NBC-TV) starring Eric Roberts and Jeri Ryan makes its hit debut, with a conspiracy storyline fitting the "post 9-Cities Massacre" mindset,...

October 5, 1996: Star Trek: Relativity debuts. The series details the Temporal Cold War of the 29th Century, fast forwarding the Star Trek setting almost 500 years further into the future. Featuring Captain Braxton and Cmdr. Daniels. The series is noted for its frequent usage of CGI to insert modern actors into older shows. Season 1 deals with the assassination of Chancellor Gorkon and the attempted assassination of Federation President Ra-ghoratreii. <People may recognize this as the plot for Star Trek VI, which was never made into a film.> It is also the first time that Star Trek uses the season-long story arc, similar to Babylon 5, not including the Dominion War Arcs of Star Trek: TNG Season 8 and 9

October 8th, 1996: New York Times reports that 1/3 of Americans believe the "9 Cities Massacre" was part of a government conspiracy...

October 13, 1996: President Dole meets with several groups who want the militias kept in check, as some groups feel that they are extremests. Also on this day, Egyptian leader Omar Abdul-Rahman calls upon Arab leaders to unite in attacks against Israel, during a speech from Cairo,...

October 14th, 1996: Singer Madonna starts dating tennis star Andre Agassi in Los Angeles, California...

October 17th, 1996: Porn star Kitty Kat stars in her first porn film Hot 2.0, despite being only 15 years old, in Los Angeles, California....

October 22, 1996: Montreal holds its own referendum on secession from Quebec. 59.86% vote "yes" but Premier Jacques Parizeau refuses to acknowledge the results and instead orders the Quebecois Army to hold the "seditious district".

October 26, 1996: Protests break out across Montreal but turn violent at McGill university where Federalist and Nationalist clash. The Quebecois troops immediately take the Nationalist side and brutally crack down on the opposing side. The picture of two Nationalists and a soldier stomping on a defenseless Federalist becomes a symbol of the struggle outside Quebec, drawing concern from across the world.

October 30th, 1996: Public Morals (ABC-TV) written and produced by Steven Bochco, makes its hit debut,...

November 5, 1996: Bob Dole loses re-election to Democrat Wesley Clark, who dismissed over a disagreement in 1995 by President Dole. He is elected in a landslide election 457-73. Also on this day, Amber McKlane's first documented usage of EMC. She organizes a concert on the day before the election protesting President Dole's policy. It is a peaceful concert but manages to set off everyone one of the FCC's censors. The broadcast is cancelled, but is still broadcast online. The incident becomes a "November Surprise" for Dole.

November 7th, 1996: Autobiographical film Cyberpunk Unsung, based on the life of musician Frankie D. makes its hit debut,...

November 12, 1996: The band Led Zeppelin buys a ... well this should be obvious, a luxury zeppelin

November 25th, 1996: FDA approves the use of Aricept as a means of treating the medical side-effects of EMC users, slowing memory loss,...

December 9th, 1996: DC Comics suffers internal divisions, as lawsuits by the estate of Jack Kirby over the use of Darkseid in Superman V & VI plague the company.

****************
January 7th, 1997: Hardliner Hwang Jang-yop comes to power by the Politburo in Pyongyang, North Korea...

January 15th, 1997: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm sweeps the American Music Awards in Los Angeles, California. This was the start of a friendly rivalry between Amber McKlane, Frankie D. and Kimberly R. Powers

January 20th 1997 - After defeating Dole in the election, Wesley Clark is sworn in as the nation's 43rd President. Clark is inaugurated as President. However to the disappointment of many he does not order the dismissal of many of Dole's orders.

January 30th, 1997: Ahmad Al-Hassan al-Yamani leads anti-American insurgency in Najaf, Iraq,...

February 22nd, 1997: Claude Vorilhon announces the establishment of "Clonaid", a biotechnology company dedicated to human cloning in Montreal, Quebec...

March 4th, 1997: President Wesley Clark imposes a national moratorium on human cloning in Washington D.C.,...

March 13th, 1997: Beetlejuice Goes Hawaiian directed by Tim Burton, starring Winona Ryder, makes its hit film debut,...

March 22nd, 1997: Lawless (FOX-TV) starring Brian Bosworth, makes its hit television series debut,...

March 23rd, 1997: Chinese health officials, along with members of the CDC/WHO report an outbreak of avian influenza in Hong Kong,...

March 25, 1997: FDR marries Amber McKlane briefly, the marriage was over in a year. When news of the sex tape surfaced, journalists immediately sought Reynolm for comment, "Look, I know Amber isn't a lesbian. She's bi." when asked how he knows that he smiles and says, "Who do you think was holding the camera?"

April 1st, 1997: Egyptian leader Omar Abdul-Rahman calls for the elimination of the state of Israel, during a speech in Cairo....

April 14th, 1997: DC announces that it has settled lawsuits with the various artists affiliated with it, during a press conference in Los Angeles, California.

April 20th, 1997: South African officials detonate a nuclear weapon at Pelindaba, South Africa, in defiance of sanctions by the United Nations,...

May 3rd, 1997: Texas separtists blow up the Mickey Leland Federal Building in Houston, Texas, killing 168 people,...

May 18th, 1997: Former child actress Bridgette Anderson is hospitalized after an overdose of EMC in Los Angeles, California,...

May 25, 1997: FOX decides not to greenlight the making of a Special Edition, and decides to make a sequel trilogy, much to Lucas' dismay. As a result he publishes the screenplay for Episode 1: The Phantom Menace online. The Star Wars fans first think its a hoax, then afterwards the net petitions to stop the sequel trilogy suddenly stop.

May 29th, 1997: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi proclaims himself the 12th Imam during a rally in Islamabad, Pakistan, proclaiming a meeting with the prophet Mohammed..

June 4th, 1997: FOX-TV, Micrsoft, Time/Warner announce a crackdown on "geek chic" due to "copyright infringement" issues in New York City, New York...

June 9th, 1997: Clonaid begins advertising with full-page ads in New York Times, Washington Post, and Los Angeles Times,...

July 1st, 1997: Happy Valley Riots; Chinese nationalist government forces clash with Triad forces during the turnover of Hong Kong to the Chinese government by Great Britain...

July 17th, 1997: Israeli Defense Minister Yitzhak Mordechai orders the deployment of IDF forces into the West Bank...

August 9th, 1997: Haitian construction worker Abner Louima is shot and killed by New York City Police Department officers, despite being unarmed and only 25 feet from his workplace,..

August 10th, 1997: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi expresses his solidarity with Chechen guerillas against the Soviets in a videotaped message from Mecca, Saudi Arabia,...

August 14th, 1997: Israeli Foreign Minister warns Egyptian officials that it is "ready for war", during a speech in Jerusalem,...

August 16th, 1997: 325,000 people march against police brutality in New York City , New York, demanding the firing of Police Chief Darryl Gates,...

August 28th, 1997: Hamas and Hezbollah take credit for attacks in Bethlehem, many experts claim the attack was backed by Egypt..

August 29th, 1997: Severe drought strikes Australia, Brazil, and Argentina, meteorologists blame "El Nino" weather patterns

August 30, 1997: Pat Robertson calls for a new round of crusades to take back the Holy Land from "the followers of the false prophet" on Christian Broadcast Network in response to the Bethlehem attacks.

October 1, 1997: Citing the financial failures of the "Spider-Man" and "Punisher" movies as well as much-hyped events like Spider-Man's "Clone Saga" and X-Man's "Age of Apocalypse". Marvel files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. Insiders, however, state that mismanagement at the executive and editorial levels are to blames.

October 4, 1997: President Clark in an attempt to sway what he called "geekstas" announces that Robert Zubrin will be made NASA Administrator. He announces his goal is to develop a multipurpose space craft for LEO and GEO Operations. The plan coalesces into the Constellation Program in 2001, The Orion module is launched on Ares I (LEO Capable), or Ares III (GEO capable). One item that Clark snipped from the budget was Ares V which would be capable of getting an Orion to the Moon

October 12th, 1997: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi visits Nigerian dictator General Gideon Orkar in Kano, Nigeria,....

October 21st, 1997: Despite INTERPOL and DEA efforts, according to the United Nations, EMC (a.k.a. "smart drug") trade goes unabated worldwide

November 11th, 1997: Prana Scandal; Prana Biotechnology Ltd. is indicted in selling placebo drugs as EMC-treatment in Brisbane, Australia...

November 12th, 1997: Talk show host Parker Dashwood testifies before the House of Representatives regarding child abuse, speaking on her own personal experience,...

November 13, 1997: Evangelical Christians from across the United States and other largely Christian nations gather in Virginia Beach, Va. to form the Order of the Thorn (OoT). A paramilitary group devoted to "retake the Holy Hand and destroy all influence of the false prophet from our nation".

November 18th, 1997: Anti-foreigner riots erupt in Cairo, Egypt, calling for the collapse of the state of Israel...

November 28th, 1997: The Last Express (Smoking Car Productions) video game makes its hit debut , in time for the holiday season,...

December 8th, 1997: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm becomes the target of the U.S. Secret Service, after his song "Still Alive, Despite the Lies" is seen as a death threat against President Wesley Clark...

December 2, 1997: Domestic terrorists aligned with the OoT bomb mosques in New York City, Sydney, Philadelphia, Toronto, Boston, and Montreal during afternoon prayers.

December 22, 1997: Pat Robertson publicly calls for the assassination of the leaders of Gamaa al Islamiya and promises that the "heathen state of Palestine will drown in its own blood."

December 25th, 1997: The Postman starring Kevin Costner, based on the novel by David Brin, makes its hit debut, reflecting the "post-9 Cities Massacre" pessimism,...

****************

January 12, 1998: After much bitter and divisive debate for almost two years, Canada follows the example of Australia and becomes a republic following a national referendum with a similar margin of 53.6%.

February 2-7, 1998: Riots break out across Montreal in response another crackdown on "federalist agitators and other malcontents." Law and order in the city completely breaks down. Twenty-two people and hundreds more are arrested.

February 7th-22nd, 1998-XVIII Winter Olympic Games are held in Aosta, Italy; amidst further anti-American and anti-Soviet protests. Highlights:
*An assassination attempt of Premier Yanaydev is discovered by the US Secret Service, the opening ceremonies go on without a hitch.
* Snowboarding is first made an Olympic event
* Scott Christian of Germany would be stripped of his medal in bobsledding following his failing of a drug test, it is the first time EMC has been caught at the Olympics

February 15th, 1998: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi visits Ouargla, Algeria proclaiming the need for Muslim unity,...

February 21st, 1998: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Fujian Province, sparking local officials to deploy military forces for a medical quarantine...

February 27th, 1998: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of "Hong Kong flu" in Bangkok, Thailand, sparking calls for martial law

February 28th, 1998: Trio starring Sylvester Stallone, Whoopi Goldberg, and Jackie Chan, makes its hit debut, directed by Joe Eszterhaus; Also on this day, The Black Dahlia interactive film starring Dennis Hopper and Terri Garr, makes its hit debut,...

March 10, 1998: Demonstrations against the Parizeau government over the Montreal Riots, soaring unemployment, and high taxes break out across Quebec. Prompting some sympathy for the growing federalist movement.

March 12, 1998: A sex tape of Amber McKlane with other band member Natalie V. Harrison, hits the internet. While it is widely viewed, the video is found to have been leaked by the FCC.

March 16, 1998: Amber McKlane interview on the BBC, "I don't really see why anyone would care who I have fun with. A better question I think is: Does the FCC actions fall as cruel and unusual punishment under the constitution. The way I see it, they tried to subject me to public humiliation because they don't like free speech."

March 17th, 1998: Chicago Police Department is scandalized after 2 former New York City officers are indicted in a tax evasion scandal. sparking national attention,...

March: 19, 1998: Demonstrators completely surround the National Assembly in Quebec City, calling for the resignation of Jacques Parizeau.

April 2, 1998: Under threat of strike by government workers, Jacques Parizeau resigns, though the Parti Quebecois does not call an election as of yet. Also on this day, a small Technology company Matrix Quest of San Francisco, California, makes an annoucement that they have invented a device that removes a person's clothes from a distance of 35ft. Pro-naturist activists praise the invention of the machine.

April 18th, 1998: American journalist Iris Chang accuses Japanese SDF forces of massive human rights abuses in China and Korea, sparking memories of the Second World War,...

April 21st, 1998: Ambassador Kunihiko Saito condemns the United States over accusations that Japanese SDF forces committing atrocities in China and Korea,...

April 25, 1998: Free Speech March. Over 1 million people march in the National Mall protesting the censorship laws. President Clark is seen as betraying the electorate as he promised in his campaign to "give back our freedoms." The Protest was set to coincide with Supreme Court hearing. McKlane v. the Federal Communications Commission. Although Director Hayes resigned following the revelation that he authorized the distribution of the sex tape to discredit McKlane, the suit still is going forward.

April 29th, 1998: Surgeon General calls for treatment of the onset of Alzheimer's disease in youth caused by EMC usage as a "national security issue" during a speech in Washington,...

April 30th, 1998: Former President George H.W. Bush dismisses conspiracy theories in a speech at the Commonwealth Club in San Francisco, California...

May 1, 1998: The Liberty Party is founded. It is created as a third party but it gains surprising numbers especially among the Mushroom Cloud Generation.

May 3, 1998: Rush Limbaugh is mocked by people on the left and right for his conspiracy views on the 9 cities massacre, and is denounced by the President.

May 17th 1998: An After Powers movie is announced, to be produced by Orion Pictures and distributed by Paramount.

May 20th, 1998: Actor Charlie Sheen dies of a cocaine overdose in Hollywood, California, sparking national attention...

May 22nd, 1998: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm leads a conference in Washington D.C., calling for youth political activism, which would eventual form a pillar of the Liberty Party

May 28th 1998: Sale of the Clothes Remover 3000 is banned in the US by various Government Departments, leading many to travel to Canada to purchace the product.

June 6th, 1998: MP Vincent Bethell leads the "Freedom to Be Yourself" nude march in Piccadilly Square in London, England,...

June 8th, 1998: The Magic Hour (FOX-TV) hosted by Earvin "Magic" Johnson makes its hit debut in Los Angeles, California,...

June 14th, 1998: Len Bias, Boston Celtics, announces his retirement from basketball, after revelations of his cocaine addiction in Boston, Massachusetts,...

June 15th, 1998: Clonaid CEO Brigitte Boisselier announces plans to publicly trade stock during a press conference in Las Vegas, Nevada. Also on this day, Amber McKlane gives a speech at the Liberty National Convention. The Liberty Party advocates the reduction of the authoritarian agenda to Pre-Nine Cities Levels. "Our leaders, in both parties are getting old and complacent to set in their ways, and too comfortable in their position. I think its time to change that... time for the next generation to take the reins of government. Hey if they are going to gamble away our future for bridges to nowhere, we should have a &*(king say in it!" It becomes one of the speeches that the FCC immediately bleeps for profanity.

June 16th, 1998: Dominion: Storm Over Gift 3 (Ion Storm/ 7th Level) video game makes its hit debut,...

June 26th, 1998: Eddie Murphy makes his return to film with Doctor Dolitle, making his hit debut,...

June 30, 1998: A polarized three-way race for the Canadian Presidency ends with former Prime Minister Joe Clark defeating Liberal Brian Tobin 40.4-39.3, with former NDP leader Ed Broadbent at 21%. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo inaugurated President of the Philippines.

July 8th, 1998: Louima Riots; Riots erupt in Brooklyn, Bedford-Stuyvesant, Harlem, and Queens after a verdict clears 3 New York Police Department officers in the murder of Abner Louima; National Guard units are deployed to deal with the violence,...

July 15th, 1998: WHO/CDC officials announce quarantines imposed in Ayutthaya and Pathumthani provinces in Thailand, creating unrest in the region,...

July 17th, 1998: American Heritage Festival; c.300,000 people attend the "patriotic Woodstock" in Carthage, Missouri, condemning the Clark administration as the "Commander & Thief",...

August 17, 1998: Attempts at restructuring Marvel fail, and all titles cease publication as the company enters Chapter 7 bankruptcy.

August 24th, 1998: Olympic swimmer Evangeline Godron comes out as a "naturist" (nudist) in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, sparking controversy,...

September 4th, 1998: Variety magazine reports that with the exception of Saturday Night Live (NBC-TV), New York City, New York is losing its capital as an entertainment center,...

September 12th, 1998: René González Sehweret, Ramón Labañino Salazar, Fernando González Llort, Antonio Guerrero Rodríguez and Gerardo Hernández Nordelo are arrested after attempting to overthrow the government of Juanita Chavez...

September 14, 1998: The Parti Quebecois loses to the Liberals in the Quebec national elections. Plans for new referendums for the northern territories and Montreal are announced along with the promise of recognition of the results.

September 21st, 1998: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Singapore and Malaysia, sparking panic nationwide,..

October 4th, 1998: "Roll to Save against Big Brother" music video by musician Frankie D. Reynholm is pulled from MTV, after calls by Michael Jackson, President Wesley Clark, and other celebrities, over its harsh satire...

October 16th, 1998: The Dark Beneath IV: Chainsaw Chicks, the sequel to The Dark Beneath III: Amputee Hookers makes its hit debut starring Cassandra Magrath and Kestie Morassi

October 20th, 1998: Soviet Famine; Soviet wheat crops fail due to massive drought in the Ukraine, sparking calls for American and European foreign aid,...

October 30th, 1998: Grim Fandango (LucasArts) video games makes its hit debut, in time for the holiday season,...

October 31, 1998: The Grand Unified Field Theory is discovered by Jürgen Schmidhuber of Munich, Germany, upon receiving the Nobel Prize, it has been discovered that he has become highly addicted to EMC, which is a growing problem on many college campuses in Europe and North America...

November 1st, 1998: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi visits Nigerian dictator General Gideon Orkar in Lagos, Nigeria,....

November 3, 1998: Democrats retain control of both the House and Senate, 229-206 and 51-49. In the Senate, Lauch Faircloth loses to John Edwards, John Kennedy defeats Al D'Amato. Former Governor Bill Clinton wins the U.S. Senate seat in Arkansas. Also on this day, the Mid-terms. Surprising political pundits across the board, the Liberty Party does very well. Polling analysis shows that there was nearly a 65% turnout from the Mushroom Cloud Generation, all voting for the Liberty Party. One notable inclusion is that Jon Stewart is elected to the US House of Representatives.

Final tally

Republicans: -108
Democrats: -59
Liberty: +167

The election results stun Congress, throwing two of the parties of the now three party Congress into chaos. Also on this day, Barbara Boxer (D-CA) wins the gubernatorial elections against Bill Simon, defying many party experts...

December 8th, 1998: Kiev Incident; Tensions mount between the European Union and the USSR, after European Defense Force (EDF) members are captured aiding Ukrainian separatists in Kiev, Ukraine SSR,...

December 24, 1998 Sens. Kerry and Kennedy and the entire MA Congressional delegation are killed in a plane crash as they decide to head to Boston on the Same flight at the conclusion of the the lame duck session.

December 30th, 1998: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Hanoi and Saigon, Vietnam, sparking civil unrest and violence,...

**************

January 10th, 1999: Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi visits Izmir, Turkey, sparking massive protests and demonstrations,...

February 9th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials report the outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Cambodia, sparking national civil unrest and violence,...

February 10th, 1999: Talk show host Parker Dashwood achieves critical acclaim after interviewing musician MC Hammer (a.k.a. Stanley Kirk Burrell) during the one-hour show,...

February 16th, 1999: Professor Hwang Woo-suk, CEO of BioFusion Tech, announces that he has cloned a human being in Seoul, Korea,...

March 4th 1999: The After Powers movie is shelved, due to disputes between Orion and the Writers over the script. The show is renewed for a fourth season.

March 22nd 1999: Billionaire Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones launch the luxury zeppelin Breitling Orbiter in Bristol, England...

March 26th, 1999: "Smoke Gets In Your Eyes" single by Cher makes its hit musical debut

March 31st, 1999: The Matrix starring Sean Connery and Will Smith makes its hit film debut,...

April 1st, 1999: Porn star Kitty Kat stars in her final porn film Kitty, I Love You in Cannes, France,...

April 5th, 1999: Banyamulenge forces from Rwanda, launch attacks into Goma, sparking fears of an "African World War"; Also on this day, the Department of Defense classifies the Clothes Remover 3000. DARPA begins developing alternative uses for the technology.

April 8th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials announce a medical quarantine of the areas around Hung Yen and Ha Tay provinces of Vietnam,....

April 14, 1999: Babylon 5 (NBC-TV) successfully has its series finale, having an audience that surpasses, MASH's finale in terms of ratings

April 22nd, 1999: Professor Hwang Woo-suk announces the birth of a human clone "Yeongrong-i" in Seoul, Korea,...

June 4th, 1999: "Curry-N-Hurry" CEO Jennifer Dinoia announces a nationwide expansion of the restaurant chain....

June 11, 1999: Stargate Command debuts featuring Amanda Tapping, as Colonel Samantha Carter. <SG1, with Tapping as the star and O'Neil along with Tealc being the muscle of the group. No movie>

July 6th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials warn that birds in Australia, Europe, Canada, and the United States maybe infected by the "Hong Kong Flu" virus, during a press conference in Atlanta, Georgia,...

July 10th, 1999: Peace talks regarding the Congo, collapse in Lusaka, Zaire,...

July 20, 1999: After nearly a decade of development the British Space Shuttle HMS Drake successfully completes its first mission

July 23rd-25th, 1999: Woodstock 3.0; Crimson & Smoke, Amber McKlane, Jewel, Rage Against the Machine, and Sheryl Crow headline the concert in Woodstock, New York with 400,000 people...

August 1, 1999: Crusade (NBC-TV) the spin off of Babylon 5, premieres.

August 3rd, 1999: Health officials report c. 200 reported deaths related to "Hong Kong Flu" in Sichuan Province, China....

August 7th, 1999: Greater Ministries International in Tampa, Florida launches the "Restore Our Country" campaign, calling for a "return to Christian values"...

August 11th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials report ourbreaks of "Hong Kong Flu" spreading into Kazakhstan and Mongolia, sparking civil unrest and violence into the region,...

August 17th, 1999: Author Anne Rice files suit against several EMC-enthusiast groups in New Orleans, Louisiana...

August 22nd, 1999: Soviet troops fire on Kazakhstani refugees, amidst fears of the "Hong Kong Flu".

August 27th, 1999: The 13th Warrior starring Antonio Banderas makes its hit film debut,...

September 9th 1999: Heat Vision and Jack (FOX-TV) debuts, starring Jack Black and Owen Wilson.

September 11th, 1999: WHO/CDC officials report an outbreak of malaria in Barcelona, Spain, sparking national civil unrest and violence; Also on this day, Liberty Party Candidate Jon Stewart visits San Francisco CA, and gives a speech about stem-cells and their importance for scientific development.

September 13th, 1999: Talk show host Parker Dashwood is proclaimed the world's richest entertainer by Forbes magazine; Also on this day, Dark Plague Event; Masters of Orion 2 fans suffer after the "Dark Plague" virus is released on the Internet edition of the video-game...

September 22nd, 1999: "Poetry Fest" led by Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Bill Berkson, and Miriam Patchen takes place in San Francsico, California...

September 30, 1999: Canadian federal election. Paul Martin's Liberals defeat Don Mazankowski's Tories.

October 3rd, 1999: Yugoslavian Prime Minister Vuk Draskovic is assassinated in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia, further raising military tensions in the region,...

October 10, 1999: Larry Ellison, founder of the San Francisco Airship Club announces the "Millennial Race", a race for Airships to get around the globe.

October 12th, 1999: President Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif survives a military coup attempt by General Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad, Pakistan, sparking concern over regional stability; Also on this day, "Black on Both Sides" by Mos Def protests against police brutality nationwide,....

October 13th, 1999: Riots erupt in Kiziksa, Turkey over reports of an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu", spreading rumors that "Jewish agents are spreading the virus..."

October 15th, 1999: Romanian military officials declare martial law over Ciamurlia, Romania, after reports of "Hong Kong Flu" are reported. Also on this day, McKlane and Liberty Party vs. the Federal Communications Commission. In a landmark decision (6-3) the Supreme Court rules that the FCC has no constitutional mandate to regulate the content on the airwaves. Amber McKlane's response in the Today Show interview the next day, "We fucking got'em..." The FCC is given 90 days to stop regulating all content being broadcast, and to merely be the technical oversight agency for the Airwaves. In a rare moment of bi-partisanship, Former President Dole, and President Clark put their weight behind the "Federal Union Communications Coalition"

October 26th, 1999: Yugoslavian government officials declare martial law after reports by the WHO/CDC report outbreaks of "Hong Kong Flu",....

October 28th, 1999: Abu Musab al-Zarqawi bombs the Radisson Hotel, housing American servicemen and women in Amman, Jordan, killing 45 people with a truck bomb,

October 31st, 1999: Soviet defectors report an outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in major cities, including Leningrad and Moscow, despite official silence by TASS and Pravda,...

November 4th, 1999: Viktor Arkadyevich Tyulkin begins actively challenging General Gennady Yanayev for leadership of the Politburo, during a rally in Stalingrad...

November 5, 1999: The MD Beam Weapon (Molecular Disruption) is created. Matrix Arms (formerly Matrix Quest), begins manufacture of the weapons. The United States will share the technology with its NATO allies. Also on this day, The United Kingdom announces its departure from the European Union.

November 6th, 1999: Australia becomes a republic in a national referendum by a margin of 54.87%; New Zealand announces that it will hold a similar referendum,...

November 12th, 1999: Riots erupt in Baghdad and Kuwait City, amidst reports by the WHO/CDC of the outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu"...

November 15th, 1999: "Millenium Prayer" single by British musician Cliff Richard makes its hit musical debut; Also on this day, NFL player Rae Carruth, Carolina Panthers, is placed under arrest on charges of attempted rape, along with assault & battery, after Cherica Adams is assaulted with a Clothes Remover 3000 in a King's Mountain, North Carolina parking lot,...

November 18th, 1999: Military officials launch the evacuation of Pichincha, Ecuador due to volcanic activity in the region,...

December 15th, 1999: Late Night with Pat Sajak (CBS-TV) host Pat Sajak interviews New York City mayor Rudolph Giuliani, in an effort to help reconstruction,...

December 23rd, 1999: South African officials announce the expansion of a nuclear weapons program at Pelindaba, South Africa,...

December 29th, 1999: Followers of Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi, proclaim seeing the visage of Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi on the surface of the moon in Mecca, Saudi, Arabia; Also on this day, Shenmue (SEGA/ Dreamcast) video game makes its hit debut,....

December 31, 1999: Report says that the US birthrate has increased by 250% since 1990. It is expected the population will hit 350,000,000 by 2010

*****************

January 6th, 2000: INTERPOL launches a crackdown on the operations of Mikko "Mike" Pohjola in Helsinki, Finland...

January 9th, 2000: Malcolm in the Middle (UPN-TV) starring Frankie Muniz makes its series debut,...

January 15, 2000: Representative Jon Stewart, announcing he will run for President on the Liberty Party's banner.

January 22nd 2000: Harry Percival, who plays the Superhero "Epic Bolt" on After Powers, dies of Hong Kong flu after an ill-advised trip to Asia. Production of the show is temporarily suspended.

February 3rd, 2000: Project Kwangmyong (Bright) is approved by Hwang Jang-yop, authorizing a cybernetic warfare program,...

February 4th, 2000: Military officials order the quarantine of Vidin, Bulgaria, after 200 people are reported dead from "Hong Kong Flu", sparking civil unrest,...

February 9th, 2000: WHO/CDC warn of a massive "Hong Kong Flu" outbreak in Kaduna and Kano, Nigeria, killing 52,000 people in the process,...

February 20th 2000: Production on After Powers resumes, with the character of Epic Bolt being written out, using unused footage and CGI to kill the character off.

February 21st, 2000: Opposition leader Chen Zixiu is killed by police officials, linked with the Kuomingtang in Shandong, China...

February 24th, 2000: United Nations Security Council approves the deployment of 55,370 peace-keeping troops to be deployed into the Democratic Republic of Congo (a.k.a. Zaire)...

March 12, 2000: Historians would name this date as when the "Second Cold War" would start, although no one at the time would realize it for another 5 years. On this day the USSR, who has experencied a resurgence in the late 90s, begins developing their own MD Weapons. Also on this day, General Jo Myong Rok calls for the modernization of the military, during a meeting with Soviet military leaders in Moscow,...

March 18th, 2000: Soviet officials report an outbnreak of "Hong Kong Flu" in Kabul, Afghanistan, sparking civil unrest and violence,...

March 29th, 2000: Premier Gennady Yanayev offers to sell the Kurile Islands to Japan for $100 billion...

March 30th, 2000: Prime Minister Eugène Terre'Blanche survives an assassination attempt in Potchefstroom, South Africa,...

April 5th, 2000: Riots erupt in Leipzig, Germany over reports of "Hong Kong Flu" by health officials,...

April 14th, 2000: Jerry Falwell warns that Jon Stewart is an "agent of intolerance" during a television broadcast in Virginia, Beach, Virginia....

May 13th, 2000: Porn star Kitty Kat, inspired by the actions of Amber McKlane, decides to enter into politics in Santa Monica, California..

May 20, 2000: Amber McKlane, and several other artists go on National tours, to "Get out the Vote". Voter Registration skyrockets. Political analysts remark that "I wouldn't be surprised if the voter turnout passes 50%."

May 25, 2000: The first new Star Wars film in nearly 20 years is released.Star Wars: Episode IV: Heir to the Empire. A screensplay written by Timothy Zahn, Joss Whedon, and David S. Goyer is released to rave reviews by both Star Wars fans and others alike.

June 15, 2000: The Republicans name John McCain/Jeb Bush. The Democrats name incumbent President Wesley Clark/Al Gore. The Liberty Party names Jon Stewart/Stephen Colbert as their candidates.

June 27th, 2000: Michiko Kakutani warns of the dangers of EMC-fueled gang rivalries in Tokyo, Japan...

July 9th 2000: A final season of After Powers is announced in conjunction with the announcement that the movie will be going ahead, set for a 2002 release date.

July 13th, 2000: Protests erupt in Durban, South Africa over the lack of AIDS/HIV vaccine nationwide,...

July 22nd, 2000: Chinese health officials report 30,470 confirmed deaths nationwide due to "Hong Kong Flu" during a press conference in Beijing, China,...

July 28th, 2000: WHO/CDC officials report c.25,000 deaths due to "Hong Kong Flu" in Dongbang, Laos,....

September 10th, 2000: Raleigh Disaster; Cape Fear River sewage plant catches fire in Raleigh, North Carolina, spilling toxic waste throughout the area...

September 15, 2000: The only debate of the 2000 election. Jon Stewart carries himself well by criticizing the Republicans no Stem Cell policy, and the Democrats for following the authoritarian policies of President Dole throughout the Clark Administration. Stewart also states that as President, "South Africa will find no support, unless they cancel their racial policies"

September 15th- October 1st, 2000-XXVII Summer Olympic Games are held in Beijing, China, despite media fears of a possible "Hong Kong Flu" outbreak. Highlights:
* The North Korean athletes are barred from competition after being caught trying to sabotage other athletes.
* International journalist comment on the "blatant corruption" in getting the Olympics to Beijing

October 7th, 2000: Masters of Orion 2 World Championship is held in Yongin, South Korea, despite concerns of "Hong Kong Flu"; Surprisingly the Soviet team wins the first championship...

October 16, 2000: Northern Quebec and Montreal vote overwhelmingly in favor to rejoin Canada in the promised referendum by 81 and 63% respectively. Transfer of territory set to commence on January 1, 2001.

October 31st, 2000: Government officials in Cairo, report the outbreak of "Hong Flu" in Cairo, Egypt, sparking international attention....

November 1, 2000: Polling shows that Stewart leads the polls 39% to Clark's 31, and the Republicans McCain at 25.

November 5, 2000: Stewart does surprisingly well... However it all comes down to California with its 52 electoral votes. It is a question between incumbent President Clark, and Congressman Stewart.

November 11th, 2000: German Chancellor Udo Voight warns of the dangers posed by "the American alliance of Jews and Negroes.", during a speech in Berlin, Germany...

November 16, 2000: At a dinner function in Toronto, MP Stephen Harper warns of a new "European Imperialism" in the old world and advocates stronger ties to Britain, the United States, and ironically, the Soviet Union.

December 8th 2000: Production on the After Powers movie is suspended again, due to Orion re-evaluating it's upcoming film productions.

December 11, 2000: A box of Ballots from New Los Angeles County go missing.

December 13, 2000: A gas station attendant in Oxnard notices two men in a towncar filled with ballot boxes driving up the coast. California State Police, ordered by Governor Bill Simon, arrest them. So begins the political scandal that would outshine Watergate. In the car were three ballot boxes. A three month investigation reveals that the drivers were ordered by General Mansfield on behest of President Clark to fix the election.

December 24, 2000: California Secretary of State announces, "After a full recount of all votes including those that went missing, I hereby announce that California's 52 electoral votes are pledged to Jon Stewart for President"

******************

January 5th, 2001: President Clark and several others including his chief of staff are arrested. Vice President Al Gore takes command.

January 9th, 2001: WHO/CDC reports that 27,300 people are dead due to "Hong Kong Flu" in Seoul, Korea, citing public health issues in northern Korea,...

January 16th, 2001: Soviet officials announce the deployment of Soviet troops into Kinshasha, Zaire as "peace-keeping" forces, sparking concern within the international community; Also on this day, Masters of Orion 2 is released at midnight at stores around the world, amdist calls for regulation,...

January 20, 2001: President Jon Stewart takes the oath of office, saying, " I, Jon Stewart, do solemnly affirm that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States..." Also on this day, Anti-European Union demonstrations break out in Toronto, Vancouver, Calgary Winnipeg, Halifax, and St. Johns.

January 23rd, 2001: Liu Chunling sets himself on fire, in an effort to protest the corruption of the Kuomingtang in Beijing, China,...

January 29th, 2001: Zurich Riots; Anti-corporate riots erupt in Zurich, Switzerland, sparked by meeting American and European Union leaders,...

February 7th, 2001: Robert Pickett fires an automatic weapon at the White House, claiming President Stewart represents the "Zionist Overlord Government..."

February 11, 2001: President Stewart, announces a new Space Initiative. The USSR, The British Space Agency and NASA will work together to put a man on Mars by 2010, from the National Air and Space Museum.

February 21st, 2001: FDA officials approve the use of Razadyne as a means to treat the dementia related to the medical side-effects of EMC users, in Washington D.C.,...

February 23rd, 2001: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm performs with Boy George at the Grammys in Los Angeles, California, in an effort to repudiate claims that he is racist or homophobic..

March 5th-6th, 2001: Ethnic and religious tensions flare up after 1,000 people are reported infected with "Hong Kong Flu" in Lhasa, Tibet,....

April 12, 2001: The Empire of South Africa occupies the country of Angola and Namibia. This sparks off what historians would later call the "Great African War"..

April 13th, 2001: Eugène Terre'Blanche, leader of the AWB, leads a rally in Oudtshoorn, South Africa, proclaiming the need for a "racial purity" policy...

May 3rd, 2001: WHO/CDC officials report 1,000 deaths related to "Hong Kong Flu" in Accra, Ghana,...

May 11, 2001: President Stewart announces the "New Space Initiative", working with Soviet and British Allies to put a man on Mars.

May 18th, 2001: Shrek starring the voice of Chris Farley, makes its hit debut...

May 25, 2001: Star Wars: Episode V: Dark Force Rising is released.

June 16th, 2001: Anti-corporate riots erupt in Goteborg, Sweden, as many people express anger over European Union policies,..

June 17th, 2001: President Jon Stewart deploys "military advisors" into Kinshasha, Zaire, in an effort to monitor the situation in the region....

June 25th, 2001: Barcelona Riots; Riots erupt in Barcelona, Spain, as European Defense Forces (EDF) crack down on protesters, sparking international attention...

June 28th, 2001: Defector Wang Guoqi testifies that the Kuomingtang government is experimenting in cloning technology, during testimony in Washington D.C.,...

July 27, 2001: Awesome Comics announces that it has purchased Marvel's library of characters at Comicon in San Diego. Publisher Neal Adams announces that writer Alan Moore will not only write the "Unity" mini-series that will integrate the Marvel characters, but also be the architect of the new Awesome Universe.

September 3rd 2001: Popular TV Presenter Deborah Norville has her clothes removed on-air with the Clothes Remover 3000 in New York City, New York while on FOX Evening News. The FCC, being prepared for a situation like this, enact strict new rules on TV Nudity. The FCC soon remembers that due to the McKlane case a few years ago, the FCC has absolutely no legal authority to control content on the airwaves. It is up to the networks to censor it. The incident leads to any live broadcasts having a 30 second delay.

October 1st 2001: Production goes ahead on the After Powers movie, with a release date set for summer 2003.

October 16th, 2001: Bruce Wayne (WB-TV) starring Michael Rosenbaum as the young vigilante...

November 17th, 2001: Politically Incorrect (ABC-TV) host Bill Maher sparks controversy after he claims the "9 Cities Massacre" was an "inside job"....

December 25th, 2001: Gangs of New York starring Leonardo Di Caprio, Cameron Diaz, and Daniel Day-Lewis makes its hit debut,..

*****************

January 14th, 2002: John Pilger and Dennis Sewell of The New Statesmen claim a "Kosher Conspiracy" in regards to the election of President Jon Stewart in London, England,...

February 8th, 2002: "Rollerball" becomes a popular extreme sport, after the release of the film Rollerball starring LL Cool J and Chris Klein...

February 8th-24th, 2002-XIX Winter Olympic Games are held in Quebec City, Quebec, highlighted by nationalist sentiment by the Quebecois government. Highlights:
* For the first time in nearly 40 years, it is neither the US or USSR that leads the medal total but Austria.
* Michelle Kwan gets gold. Although controversy sparks afterwards when it is found that one of her former boyfriend's, was involved in the hit and run that resulted in Sarah Hughes losing her leg after leaving her practice rink a month before the Olympics. Kwan would be stripped of the Gold following a 2004 ruling by the IOC

February 27th, 2002: Merck Scandal; FDA agents warn of failed AIDS/HIV vaccine in Washington D.C., amidst reports of corporate corruption,...

March 20, 2002: Unity by Awesome Comics becomes the first comic book to sell over one million copies, as well as the first title available on the Internet (for a reduced price). Critics mark this as the start of new Platinum Age of Comics.

April 1st, 2002: Vince McMahon announces in Stamford Connecticut the formation of the Rollerbal League of America (RLA) with television rights signed by ABC-TV and ESPN-TV,....

April 11th, 2002: Venezuelan Civil War begins; U.S.-backed guerillas, loyal to Pedro Carmona, overthrow the government of President Hugo Chavez in Caracas, Venezuela,...

April 15, 2002: A chronic depression in Quebec leads to the ouster of the Quebecois Liberals in the national elections. The new Parti Liberté (inspired in part by the Liberty Party in the United States) led by Maxine Brenier rises to power under promises of fiscal responsibility and smaller government.

April 16th, 2002: Talk show host Parker Dashwood sparks international controversy after airing an episode about "Hong Kong Flu", blaming consumption of chicken and poultry...

April 22nd, 2002: President Jon Stewart is attacked in Congress by Arab-American leaders for his "advocacy for Zionism..."

April 25th, 2002: Reverend Billy Graham denounces President Jon Stewart as an "enemy of Christianity" during a speech in Montreat, North Carolina...

May 2nd, 2002: Premier Gennady Yanayev proclaims the completion of the 1,362-ft. (100-stories) Palace of the Soviets, designed by Boris Iofan, Vladimir Shchuko and Vladimir Gelfreikh in Moscow, as a "triumph of socialist paradigm"...

May 15th 2002: Australia and New Zealand announce plans to construct an underwater tunnel between the two countries, splitting at New Zealand's end to branch to both Islands.

May 16th, 2002: Star Wars: Dark Force Rising makes its hit film debut, starring Harrison Ford, Mark Hamill, and Carrie Fisher,...

May 16th-17th, 2002: South African Ambassador Pieter Mulder calls for representation within the United Nations General Assembly, sparking international controversy,...

May 19th, 2002: Dark Skies (NBC-TV) starring Eric Roberts and Jeri Ryan, airs its final episode, with a cult status from fans,....

May 25th, 2002: U2 singer Bono, is injured while visiting U.N. peace-keeping troops in Kinshasha, Zaire, sparking international attention...

May 27th, 2002: Conservative Phyllis Schafly claims during a speech in Virginia Beach, Virginia, claiming that assault with a Clothes Remover 3000 does not constitute "sexual assault", especially if it is done by a woman's husband,...

June 4, 2002: RAW begins Operation Krishna, a targeted assassination program of secessionist leaders in Kashmir modeled on Operation Phoenix. Also on this day, Rollerball player Tim "the Eagle" Sheehy announces a $6.1 million video-game deal with Atari, during a press conference in San Jose, California...

June 5th, 2002: PM Venkaiah Naidu, BJP, warns of the deployment of nuclear weapons on the Indo-Pakistani border, during a televised speech in New Delhi, India....

June 6th, 2002: Kashmir Event; asteroid impacts the disputed Kashmir region betweeen India and Pakistan with the force of a 26.0 kiloton nuclear weapon, triggering panic across both sides of the Indo-Pakistani border...

June 7th, 2002: WHO/CDC officials report 27,000 killed by "Hong Kong Flu" in Sham Shui Po, China,....

June 7th, 2002: Day of Rage; Indian UAV is seen as "act of war" by causing Mohammad Nawaz Sharif to order the launch of Pakistani nuclear weapon into Delhi, India. Indian PM Venkaiah Naidu, orders a counter-strike into Islamabad, Pakistan; According to UN officials death tolls reach 6,971,000 people on both sides, millions becoming refugees...

June 11th, 2002: American Idol (UPN-TV) hosted by Simon Cowell, DJ Stryker, Angie Martinez, and Cyndi Lauper, makes its hit debut; Also on this day, Talks of a Pan-American Trade Union begin in Brasilia, Brazil between the Western Hemisphere nations.

June 13, 2002: When asked about Franco-Quebec elections during a press conference at the Pan-American Trade Accords, Premier Maxine Brenier calls French President Jean-Marie Le Pen "A sniveling lapdog of the Islamo-Imperialists" and publicly declares Quebecois people "the real French."

June 17th, 2002: "Hope For South Asia: A Global Benefit" a telethon, featuring George Clooney, Shakira, Cher, Sheryl Crow, Stevie Wonder, and others, takes place in New York City, New York...

June 26th, 2002: European Union (EU) leaders announce a "debt crisis" in Budapest, Hungary, deploying the European Defense Force (EDF) into the region; Also on this day, Battle of Jammu; Indian and Pakistani forces clash in Jammu and Kashmir, causing a massive humanitarian crisis...

June 27th, 2002: Kashmir secessionist group Dukhtaran-e-Millat (DEM), launches attacks into Jammus and Kashmir, sparking national attention,....

June 29th, 2002: 7.2 earthquake devastates Xingtai, Jilin Province, China, killing 2,543 people

July 8th, 2002: Pakistan backs the Islamic fundamentalist group Harakat ul-Mujaheddin in Kashmir, sparking anti-Muslim violence in the region...

August 1st, 2002: Indian ambassador Shri Amarnath Yatra Sangharsh Samiti proclaims the policy of "no surrender, no retreat" in Amarnanth, Kashmir,...

August 6th 2002: Production of the After Powers movie is suspended indefinitely due to overspending on the production budget.''

August 7th, 2002: "Young Artists for India/Pakistan" album featuring songs by Norah Jones, Sanjaya Malakar, No Doubt, and Bone Thugs N'Harmony, makes its hit debut, in an effort to provide relief for South Asia...

August 10th, 2002: Hagrama Mahillary, Bodo Liberation Tigers, announces the secession of Bodoland in Kokrajhar, India; Also on this day, Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi orders the Indian Army into Bodoland and imposes President's Rule in the state.

August 11th, 2002: Battle of Muzaffarabad; Pakistani forces back Muslim insurgents in Muzaffarabad, Kashmir,....

August 21st, 2002: Premier Hwang Jang-yop meets with Soviet leader Gennady Yanayev in Vladivostok, winning approval for the purchase of Sukhoi fighter planes...

August 31st, 2002: President Jon Stewart calls for peace talks between India and Pakistan in Paris, France;...

September 19th, 2002: Sinuiju Incident; North Korean troops fire on Chinese refugees infected with "Hong Kong Flu" in Sinuiju, North Korea...

September 20th, 2002: Firefly (UPN-TV) created by Joss Whedon, makes its hit series debut,...

October 21st, 2002: Young film-maker M. Night Shamylon releases his autobiographical film The Way I Am, becoming a major hit,...

November 13th, 2002: Massive drought strikes Sub-Saharan Africa, amidst calls for humanitarian aid to the United States and European Union,...

November 26th, 2002: Israeli Mossad officials accuse Egypt of aiding Hezbollah and Hamas guerillas with military weapons, during a press conference in Tel Aviv, Israel...

November 28th, 2002: Doctor David Wroe warns that a vaccine resistant strain of AIDS/HIV has been reported in Sydney, Australia...

December 13th, 2002: Bodoland leaders led by Hagrama Mahillary, announce a national referendum confirming secession of Bodoland....


*****************

January 12th, 2003: Brandon Carl Vedas, EMC-enthusiast is hospitalized after suffering epileptic seizures related to EMC usage in Phoenix, Arizona....

January 20th, 2003: Police launch a campaign to crackdown on "geek chic" by banning Segways from city streets in San Francisco, California,...

January 22nd, 2003: South Africa under Eugène Terre'Blanche enters into the war in Zaire, citing a policy of "preventative war", during a speech in Johannesburg,...

February 25th, 2003: Adam West guest stars as the grandfather of Bruce Wayne on Bruce Wayne (WB-TV)....

March 15th, 2003: French President Jean-Marie Le Pen accuses President Jon Stewart of being "on the payroll of Jewish organizations, and particularly of the B'nai B'rith"

April 7th, 2003: "Africa's World War" grinds almost to a halt, due to famine, threatening to become a "humanitarian disaster" for c. 40 million people,...

April 9th, 2003: Ghulam Mohammed Baloch, Baloch National Movement, announces the secession of Balochistan from Pakistan, in Mastung, sparking international attention...

April 21st, 2003: Film-maker M. Night Shamylon releases his next Film, It's All the Rage" sparking controversy over his EMC-usage, and glorification of EMC use...

April 28th, 2003: President Jon Stewart angers millions of Americans after calling former President Harry Truman a "war criminal" after saying during an interview with Maury Povich,"Here's what I think of the atom bombs. I think if you dropped an atom bomb fifteen miles offshore and you said, "The next one's coming and hitting you," then I would think it's okay. To drop it on a city, and kill a hundred thousand people. Yeah. I think that's criminal..."

May 1st, 2003: Katharine Jane Hudson leads protests in London, England, protesting American intervention in "Africa's World War"....

May 13th, 2003: MP Daniel Féret, National Front Party, is elected Prime Minister, amidst anti-American and anti-Soviet sentiment in Brussels, Belgium,...

May 15, 2003: A French author, François-Xavier Verschave , states that perhaps "Europe should once more colonize Africa. Without Europe it seems to be nothing but chaos"

May 25, 2003: Babylon 5: The New Beginning is released, detailing the Earth-Minbari War. Critics call this day the "Battle of the Box Office."

May 29th-30th, 2003: Shopian Riots; Riots erupt in Shopian, Kashmir amidst reports of rape by Indian military forces, martial law imposed...

May 31st, 2003: United Nations Security Council announces its approval for the deployment of "peace-keeping" forces into the African conflict, during an emergency session in New York City, New York,....

June 2nd, 2003: Film-maker M. Night Shamylon beats up comedian Jason Segel on stage at the Documentary awards in Las Vegas, Nevada....

June 3rd-6th, 2003: The Magic Hour (FOX-TV) host Earvin "Magic" Johnson, travels to Kinshasha, Zaire, to entertain Allied troops,...

July 1, 2003: MP Stephen Harper breaks away from the Progressive Conservatives to found the Nationalist Party of Canada. He criticizes the "blatant hypocrisy" of the European Union and advocates the "natural superiority of the New World's peoples over that of Western Europeans." In that same speech he calls the Empire of South Africa a "nation of mongrels that needs to be put to sleep." Also on this day, Vince McMahon anounces a $1.3 billion dollar plan to launch "Loco-TV" (LTV), a network that will focus exclusively on extreme sports including the Rollerball League of America (RLA) in New York City, New York...

July 6th, 2003: U.S. State Department announces that it will intervene in the humanitarian crisis in Kinshasha, Zaire,...

July 22nd, 2003: Film director Sam Raimi announces that he is doing a interactive film adaptation of the Masters of Orion 2 with Bruce Campbell, in Hollywood, California...

July 23rd, 2003: Arsenio Hall Show (FOX-TV) host Arsenio Hall is proclaimed "America's most beloved late-night icon"...

July 25th, 2003: The Devil & Daniel Webster starring Anthony Hopkins, Jennifer Love-Hewitt, and Alec Baldwin, makes its hit film debut ...

July 27th, 2003: Right-wing military officers under "Bagong Katipuneros" overthrow the government of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo in Manila, Philippines,...

July 30, 2003: Polls in Canada and Australia reveal that support for the growing "nationalist" movements

August 15, 2003: Anti-EU and Anti-South African riots in Canada, Australia, and New Zealand turn violent. Protests in Ottawa end in the deaths of fifteen European tourists, and the firebombing of the South African Embassy. In Canberra, several staff from the EU member embassies are dragged out an severely beaten by rioters until dispersed by police.

October 1, 2003: In a defiant speech to the Congress Party conference, Rajiv Gandhi says he will postpone his retirement, originally scheduled for year's end, "until the last rebel lays down his arms" and announces a Cabinet shuffle. The Prime Minister receives a 96% approval rating from the delegates in his biannual leadership review.

October 7th, 2003: Meg Whitman (R-CA) wins a recall election against Governor Barbara Boxer (D-CA), sparking national attention...

October 18th, 2003: Riots erupt in Bangkok, Thailand as demonstrators demand an affordable vaccine for AIDS/HIV virus,....

October 25th, 2003: Chicago Cubs beat the New York Yankees, 5-4, in Game 6, breaking the 95 year baseball curse in Chicago, Illinois

November 14th-November 19th, 2003: Congressional Republicans and Democrats launch a shutdown of the federal government, voicing their anger at President Jon Stewart,...

November 17th, 2003: Meg Whitman (R-CA) is sworn in as governor of California, sparking national attention...

November 19, 2003: At the biennial CHOGM, a resolution affirming unconditional support for India is passed, led by British Prime Minister David Davis, Australian Prime Minister John Howard and Canadian President Stephen Harper. Also on this day, The 2,717 ft. (163-floors) is inaugurated as the "Freedom Tower" in New York City, New York, becoming the largest man-made structure on Earth....

December 7th, 2003: Viktor Arkadyevich Tyulkin comes to power as Premier of the Soviet Union, during a power struggle within the Communist Party in Moscow,...

December 16th, 2003: Justice Department announces a legal injunction against Kitty Kat, and her underground broadcasts in Los Angeles, California...

December 16th, 2003-January 6th, 2004: Congressional Republicans and Democrats launch a shutdown of the government, voicing their anger at the policies of President Jon Stewart

*****************

January 5, 2004: Stephen Harper announces his intention to run for the Canadian presidency, finding widespread support from the West.

January 9, 2004: Panama and Argentina are the last nations to ratify the Pan-American Trade Union.

February 6th, 2004: "Curry-N-Hurry" restaurant chain settles a age discrimination lawsuit against the firm in San Francisco, California...

February 12th, 2004: Former porn star Kitty Kat is labeled by the mainstream press as a "Generation Terrorist", after hacking portions of her porn films onto C-SPAN broadcasts...

February 25, 2004: Hagrama Mihillary is assassinated by unknown soldiers. After the war some would claim it was Indian special forces or RAW counterterror operatives working in colloboration with CIA or MI6, others Pakistanis who felt that Mihillary had become a liability.

February 26th, 2004: Talk show host Parker Dashwood is ruled "not guilty" by the Ninth Circuit Federal Court, after being charged with libel and slander by the Poultry Farmers of America (PFA) for her episodes on "Hong Kong Flu"...

March 2nd, 2004: Several American activists are arrested in Genoa, Italy, on charges of EMC-trafficking and distribution, along with espionage and terrorism charges, for attempting to disrupt European Union events...

March 5, 2004: Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is overthrown by Army Chief of Staff Gen. Pervez Musharraf and placed under house arrest. Musharraf takes office as President, declaring martial law and ordering the Army into Balochistan.

March 15th, 2004: The Magic Hour (FOX-TV) hosted by Earvin "Magic" Johnson sparks international controversy by interviewing self-proclaimed Mahdi Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi in Los Angeles, California...

March 19th, 2004: Chinese President Chen Shui-bian and Vice-President Annette Lu Hsiu-lien are assassinated in Beijing, China, amidst accusations of Kuomintang ties to Triads,...

March 28th, 2004: French President Jean-Marie Le Pen proclaims his daughter, Marine Le Pen, as a "potential successor", after her electoral victory in Île-de-France, France....

April 1, 2004: 7.3 earthquake strikes Pakistan, killing over 150,000 civilians and causing a humanitarian catastrophe.

April 11, 2004: Troops are withdrawn from the Indian border to deal with the humanitarian catastrophe in eastern Pakistan.

April 13th, 2004: Rumors swirl around Hollywood, California that Film-maker M. Night Shamylon will leave the film industry to retire after shooting his latest film, The Challenger Disaster, an alternate history of the world which follows the "butterfly effect of history" following Challenger blowing up in 1986. On Alternatehistories.com people call it total ASB.

April 14th, 2004: 6.5 earthquake hits Salton, Sea, California. Shockwaves are felt in Los Angeles, California,...

May 1st, 2004: Christ Over Our Life (COOL) announces its formation of Christian Rollerball teams in Virginia Beach, Virginia....

May 26th, 2004: Egyptian forces aid Palestinean forces in capturing the Gaza Strip, sparking international attention and concern,...

June 11th, 2004: Major Eric Lenge overthrows the government of Joseph Kabila in Kinshasha, Zaire, launching a civil war; Also on this day, Eugène Terre'Blanche leads a "racial purity" rally in Ventersdorp, South Africa, angering many human rights organizations; Also on this day, The Stepford Wives directed by Tim Burton, starring John Cusack and Jane Fonda, makes its hit debut,...

June 16th 2004 - After the enactment of Stewart's public healthcare legislation in November 2003, the owner of a private health insurance broker in Cleveland, Ohio, Stuart Manning is forced to file for Chapter 11

June 26th, 2004: "Curry-N-Hurry" restaurant shares become publicly traded on the Pacific Stock Exchange in San Francisco, California....

July 4, 2004: Robert Zubrin meets with President Stewart at a campaign event at Cape Canaveral. President Stewart speaks, "President Kennedy once said, that we choose to go to the moon, and we did. The ultimate travesty is that we stopped pushing our limits. Well you can thank the Republicans and Democrats of the 1970s for that, they chose to take the money for space for a war in Vietnam. 25 years ago, the idea of a joint mission to Mars with the Soviets and the British seemed absurd, but today we are so close to putting a man and/or woman on Mars. Ladies and Gentleman once we get there with a six man crew: Two russians, two Americans, and two British, it will symbolize a new age of peace and show that the squabbles that brought two nations to nearly destroying the planet, are indeed behind us, and that Humanity can embark into a new Frontier." President Stewart would be shot a few days later.

July 7th 2004 - Manning's wife Amelia tells him she is asking for a divorce

July 10th - July 14th 2004 - Massachusetts Senator John Kerry is nominated as the Democratic nominee for President at their convention with former North Carolina Senator John Edwards as Vice President

July 15th 2004 - Stuart Manning goes missing and is reported as such by his estranged wife.

July 18th, 2004: French President Jean-Marie Le Pen accuses President Jon Stewart of inflaming religious tensions through his support of Israel,...

July 19th, 2004: CDC officials in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania report that Alzheimer's disease rates have risen 250%, due to EMC usage; Also on this day, At 9 AM local time, Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi delivers a national televised address announcing the end of the Bodoland rebellion and conventional military operations in the province. President's Rule is ended and Kashmir's state assembly is dissolved for fresh elections.

July 20, 2004: Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf announces that Pakistan will "fight to the last drop of blood" to retain Balochistan but withdraws its troops behind its side of the Line of Control.

August 3rd 2004 - While at a joint campaign appearance in Cleveland, President Jon Stewart and Vice President Stephen Colbert are assassinated by Manning who shoots at their platform from a nearby rooftop. Stewart who was shot three times in the chest dies on the scene while Colbert who took two bullets to the neck and stomach dies three hours later in hospital. As such, the Speaker of the House, Republican Richard Armey is sworn in as the 46th President of the United States after Al Gore's 15 day Acting Presidency in January 2001 registered him as the 44th President.

August 5th, 2004: Self-proclaimed psychic Carole Bendit of Palm Springs, California proclaims that she had successfully predicted the assassinations of President Jon Stewart and Vice-President Stephen Colbert...

August 13th-29th, 2004-XXVIII Summer Olympic Games are held in Buenos Aires, Argentina, becoming the first Summer Olympic Games to be featured in South America...

August 20, 2004: On his 60th birthday, Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi wins his fifth and final term in a khaki landslide with 413 of 542 seats in the Lok Sabha, surpassing his 1984 victory.

August 23rd - August 26th 2004 - After the loss of their nominees, a deeply divided Liberty Convention nominates Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman as their Presidential nominee with former Defense Secretary Thomas Friedman of New York as Vice President

August 30th - September 2nd 2004 - The Republicans nominate their primary winner, Maine Senator Susan Collins as their nominee for President with Governor George Pataki of New York as Vice President.

September 15th, 2004: The Robinsons: Lost in Space (UPN-TV) starring Adrianne Palicki, Matt Le Blanc, and Mimi Rogers makes its hit debut ...

September 17th 2004 - With party infighting, Liberty nominee Joe Lieberman makes a very public gaffe insulting Amber McKlane by making lewd comments while being recorded.

September 29th, 2004: Ultra-nationalist Ferenc Gyurcsány is elected Prime Minister, despite Soviet and American efforts to support different candidates in Budapest, Hungary...

September 30, 2004: Canadian Federal Elections, Stephen Harper's Nationalists win over Paul Martin's Liberals by an extremely close 0.9%. However, the Nationalists have little representation in Parliament.

October 3rd 2004 - Polls show that Senator Hutchison leads Senator Kerry by six points with Lieberman trailing three behind Kerry.

October 7th-10th, 2004: Counter-government terrorist attacks in Cairo, Egypt, are blamed on opposition leader Khaled Abu Toamah, sparking national civil unrest...

October 12th, 2004: CBS-TV anchor Maury Povich reports that, according to the Department of Justice, the Clothes Remover 3000 has been responsible for 70 deaths in August 2004 alone, and 150 since June 2001,...

October 13, 2004: In a memo that will be revealed only many years later, Musharraf and Gandhi exchange views on a proposed UN-monitored referendum on the permanent status of Kashmir. Musharraf refuses out of domestic fears: the Pakistani public's nationalistic mood leaves him no room to negotiate, plus the ongoing Balochi rebellion has left Musharraf himself averse to all compromise. However both men agree to maintain the status quo ante bellum "for the foreseeable future."

November 2nd 2004 - Susan Collins is elected as the 47th President of the United States; Although the Liberty Party lost the presidency they gained control of the Senate.

November 25th, 2004: WHO/CDC officials report that 750,000 people infected with the AIDS/HIV virus in China, after corrupt officials allow faulty batches of the vaccine to be used nationwide...

December 22nd, 2004: Phantom of the Opera musical directed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, starring Sarah Brightman, Michael Crawford, makes its hit film debut,....

***************

January 6, 2005: The Senate approves to continue funding the Africa War despite a record breaking filibuster....

January 7th, 2005: President Jean-Marie Le Pen proclaims "German occupation was civilized and just, compared to the occupation imposed by Americans..." during a speech in Paris, France...

January 14th, 2005: Musician Frankie D. Reynholm shocks fans after he marries Kurt T. Quent during a ceremony in San Francisco, California. All rumors of homophobia are squashed

January 19th, 2005: Spanish Civil Guard units arrest a 37yo man in Alicante, Spain for using the Clothes Remover 3000 is a series of serial rapes...

February 2, 2005: At a meeting with Quebec Primer Brenier, President Harper promises a new era in Canada/Quebec relations as "two mature nations" and promises more investment in the Quebecois economy.

April 2nd, 2005: Mother Simon-Pierre Normand launches a clinic in Paris, France, to aid the victims of EMC usage,...

May 11th 2005 - President Collins announces that the US Treasury Building will be re-named as the Jon Stewart Building in memory of the assassinated President

May 19th, 2005: Star Wars: The Last Command makes its hit film debut, starring Harrison Ford, Mark Hamill, Carrie Fisher and Scarlet Johanson as Mara Jade

May 23rd, 2005: Members of the Liberty and Democratic Party threaten to shutdown the government, during a rally in Washington D.C.,...

May 31st, 2005: Walt Disney Corp. announces plans to develop a Rollerball League, in an effort to compete with the RLA in Orlando, Florida...

June 16th, 2005: Opposition leader Gao Rongrong is arrested and tortured by police, linked with the Kuomingtang in Longshan, China...

June 22nd, 2005: Liberty Party and Christian Action Network (CAN) members begin disseminating the rumor that President Susan Collins is a "closet lesbian" in Washington D.C.,...

June 23rd, 2005: The Truth About Susan by conservative Edward Klein, attacks President Susan Collins as being "influenced by the culture of lesbianism..."

July 10th 2005: Microsoft announced it's intention to form a free-to-air Television Network, filled with Internet Generated content. Many criticize Microsoft for the move, saying that the idea will never work.

January 20, 2005: President Collins strikes the funding for "The Ares Mission from the budget". It is the start a long political feud

August 13th, 2005: Film-maker M. Night Shamylon confirms that he is undergoing drug rehabilitation in Beverly Hills, California for an EMC addiction...

August 16th, 2005: Firefly (UPN-TV) star Summer Glau becomes an Internet celebrity after lunching a series of political blogs from Los Angeles, California,...

September 3rd 2005 - President Collins signs into law her education reform bill that seeks to improve funding to inner city programs and cut bureaucratic waste.

September 7th, 2005: USS Pueblo, captured in 1968, is turned over to President Susan Collins at Pyongyang, North Korea as a sign of diplomatic good faith....

September 28th, 2005: Venezuelan authorities accuse Luis Posada Carriles of runnning Cuban drug smuggling operations through Havana, Cuba...

October 14th, 2005: Beijing, China is covered in a massive snowstorm, covering the city in c.12.1 feet of snow, paralyzing the national capitol,...

December 21st, 2005: Israeli Defense Minister Shaul Mufaz orders the deployment of troops along the Egyptian border, sparking international attention...

December 31, 2005: Rajiv Gandhi retires and takes up his new post as Secretary-General of the Commonwealth on January 30, 2006, succeeding former Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke.

****************

January 11th 2006: Orion Pictures announced that the After Powers movie will be made on a smaller budget as a darker reboot of the franchise. Some are saying that the movie is becoming the main example of film Development Hell.

January 23rd, 2006: Firefly (UPN-TV) creator Joss Whedon, launches the "Can't Stop the Signal" campaign calling for greater Internet communications freedoms in Los Angeles, California...

February 6th, 2006: New England Journal of Medicine reports that use of narcotics, can speed up the neural damage caused by EMC usage; Also on this day, WHO/CDC officials in Entebbe, Uganda report a vaccine-resistant strain of the AIDS/HIV virus, sparking international attention,...

February 10th-26th, 2006-XX Winter Olympic Games are held in Zakopane, Poland, attempts to show the "new face of Communist-Socialism"....

February 18th 2006: Both ends of the Australia-New Zealand tunnel meet. Unfortunatly, an error in construction and safety causes the tunnel to flood, killing over 2/3rds of the workers. The project is abandoned, with both sides blaming the other for the construction flaw.

February 24th, 2006: Filipino Civil War erupts; Troops loyal to Brigadier General Danilo D. Lim overthrow the governmetn in Manila, Philippines,...

March 27th 2006 - Secretary of State Chuck Hagel and President Susan Collins sign the Richmond Accords with Chinese leadership, a historic treaty in terms of relations with China.

March 13th, 2006: Members of the Duke University lacrosse team are placed on academic after Crystal Gale Magnum of Durham, North Carolina, accuses the team of assaulting her with a Clothes Remover 3000...

April 19th, 2006: DHL Zeppelin is launched in Suntec City, Singapore, complete with gambling establishments for guests, and trips to Malaysia, Indonesia and China...

April 25th, 2006: Egyptian opposition leader Mustafa Bakri defects to Israeli IDF forces along the Gaza Strip,...

May 5th, 2006: Swarm of Angels interactive film directed by Cory Doctrow and Warren Ellis, makes its hit debut; Also on this day, Evangelist George Jardine announces the formation of "Rollerball Ministries" in association with Christ Over Our Life (COOL) in Las Vegas, Nevada...

May 18th, 2006: Tsunami hits the Pacific Northwest, after an offshore quake triggers a tsunami, off the coast of Seattle, Washington,...

May 20, 2006: The Liberty Party and Democrats overcome Collins veto of their budget. The Ares Mission is due to launch.

June 20th, 2006: Senate candidate Michael S. Steele (R-MD) appears on Late Night with Pat Sajak (CBS-TV), boosting his bid for Congress,...

August 18th, 2006: The Superconducting Super Collider is inaugurated in Waxahachie, Texas, despite concerns as a "pork barrel" project...

September 20th, 2006: Jericho (CBS-TV) starring Skeet Ulrich, Gerald McRaney, and Esai Morales, makes its hit debut, sparking controversy with its portrayal of a nuclear terrorist attack,...

October 9th, 2006: Eugène Terre'Blanche authorizes a nuclear weapons test at Pelindaba, South Africa, in further defiance of United Nations sanctions,...

November 4th 2006 - The Democrats re-take the House but fail to re-gain the Senate, Nancy Pelosi is elected to replace Tom DeLay as Speaker who assumed the job in 2004 after Dick Armey became President. Election turnout remains quite high, with the over 60 and the 18-25 demographic being the ones most likely to vote.

December 2nd, 2006: Bangkok Riots; Riots erupt in Bangkok, Thailand over the lack of affordable vaccines for AIDS/HIV...

December 16th, 2006: March of the Discontented; Pro-democracy riots led by Mikhail Kasyanov erupt in Moscow, to be brutally suppressed by Soviet military forces, 23 killed...

December 22nd, 2006: Foodfight animated film featuring the voices of Charlie Sheen, Hillary Duff, and Wayne Brady makes its hit debut,...

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January 14th, 2007: The Time Tunnel (FOX-TV) starring David Conrad, Dion Luther, and Andrea Roth..

January 20th, 2007: French President Jean-Marie Le Pen launches a "virtual coup" in Paris, France, seizing control of the Second Life platforms nationwide...

February 27th, 2007: Eddie Murphy wins the Oscar for Best Supporting Actor for his role as James "Thunder" Early in DreamGirls; Also on this day, Ares I is launched towards the Red PLanet. It is unmanned and lands at Utopia Plantia, and begins processing to be the crew's return vehicle to Earth.

March 2nd 2007 - The government shuts down after Collins' battle with the new Democratic House and Speaker Nancy Pelosi over the budget.

March 3rd, 2007: March of the Discontented; Pro-democracy riots led by Lyudmila Alexeyeva erupt in Leningrad, Russia. Demonstrators spread word through the Internet and prominent social networking sites...

March 12, 2007: The Senate refuses to ratify the Hokkaido Accords for International Environmental Regulations, citing the loopholes with regards to China, India and Brazil. The Liberty party refuses as a whole citing that it compells expensive yet ineffective means of combating global warming.

March 24th, 2007: March of the Discontented; Pro-democracy riots erupt in Nizhny Novgorod, sparking concern of a collapse. Martial law is imposed in the region....

March 25th, 2007: Ocarina of Time interactive film is released in San Jose, California, as an independent film production...

March 28th 2007 - The Government re-opens after a deal is reached.

April 5, 2007: The Senate passes a bill let all student loan payments be tax deductible.

April 14th, 2007: March of the Discontented; Pro-democracy riots led by Mikhail Delyagin, erupt in Moscow. Demonstrators spread word through the Internet and prominent social networking sites...

April 29th, 2007: Egyptian Major General Burhan Hamad leads a series of rocket attacks into Israeli settler camps, along the Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula...

June 4th, 2007: General Vang Pao overthrows the communist government in Vientiane, Laos, sparking civil unrest and violence,...

June 10th, 2007: Despite American political pressure, PM Daniel Féret wins re-election in Brussels, Belgium,...

June 15th, 2007: Revenge of the Nerds remake starring Adam Brody, Dan Byrd, Katie Cassidy, Kristin Cavallari, Jenna Dewan, Chris Marquette, Ryan Pinkston, Efren Ramirez, and Nick Zano makes its hit debut, tapping into "geek chic"...

July 6th, 2007: FDA approves Novartis' Exelon Patch (a.k.a. "The Patch"), as a means of dealing with the side-effects of EMC. "The Patch" becomes popular at nightclubs and colleges,...

August 23rd, 2007: Military coup is launched against Prime Minister Mian Mohammad Nawaz Sharif by General Pervez Musharraf in Islamabad, Pakistan...

September 14th, 2007: Accusations mount that President Susan Collins accepted foreign contributions for her 2004 presidential campaign..

October 15th, 2007: "Teenage Horniness Is Not A Crime" single by porn star Kitty Kat in Los Angeles, California, in defiance of security measures imposed by the federal government...

November 9th, 2007: Norfolk Disaster; Flooding by North Sea occurs from Humberside to Kent, England, sparking a national emergency,...

November 14th, 2007: Southland Tales starring Dwayne Johnson, Jessica Simpson, Justin Timberlake and Sarah Michelle-Gellar makes its hit film debut....

December 1st, 2007: "Curry-N-Hurry" reaches its highest stock price on the Pacific Stock Exchange in San Francisco, California...

December 5th, 2007: The Golden Compass based on the novel by Philip Pullman, starring Dakota Blue Richards, Daniel Craig, and Nicole Kidman makes its hit debut...

*******************

January 11th, 2008: Politically Incorrect (ABC-TV) host Bill popularizes the phrase "Blogga, Please!!"

January 21st, 2008: U.S. Army levees collapse in Hannibal, Missouri, destroying the home of Mark Twain,...

February 1st, 2008: Rumors spread by the Liberty Party and by the Republican Party claims a lesbian affair between President Susan Collins and Arab-American aide Huma Abedin in Washington D.C.,...

February 22nd, 2008: Police raid the Science Fiction Writers Association (SFWA) Nebula Awards meeting in Washington D.C., after a fight breaks out over a fan made interactive film is introduced,...

March 10th, 2008: Representative Tim Couch (R-KY) introduces legislation that would ban anonymous messages and comments on the Internet, before Congress in Washington D.C.,...

April 21st, 2008: Police raid the ConFusion in Detroit, Michigan after reports of sexual harassment by Clothes Remover 3000 devices is reported,...

April 24th, 2008: Michael Heath, Christian Civic League, and senior aide to Senator Fred Thompson (R-TN) admits to having a sexual affair with President Susan Collins, during a press conference in Portland, Maine...

April 27th 2008 - President Collins admits her affair with Michael Heath, but goes on to attack Liberty for their smear campaign.

May 14th, 2008: 6.8 earthquake hits Manila, Philippines, killing 674 people,...

May 15th, 2008: Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) launches an investigation into links between Halliburton contracts, and mercenaries in Zaire,....

May 22nd, 2008: Indiana Jones and the Staff of the Kings starring Harrison Ford, Sean Connery, and Kevin Costner...

June 5th 2008: The After Powers movie premieres to universally negative reviews, citing a poor and outdated script, and obvious cost cutting in production. It only makes 1/8th of it's budget back.

June 19th, 2008: Beijing Disaster; 7.9 earthquake devastates Beijing, China, c. 5,879 people killed due to shoddy construction and ruptured gas mains,...

August 6th, 2008: Representatives from 42 African nations demand a cheaper vaccine for the AIDS/HIV virus during an international conference in Mexico City, Mexico...

August 8th-24th, 2008-XXIX Summer Olympic Games are held in Istanbul, Turkey, sparking fears of Islamic fundamentalist violence,...

August 16th, 2008: Mark Rein·Hagen, EMC enthusiast, is arrested in Tblisi, Georgia, after attempting to supply Georgian nationalists, angering Soviet officials,...

September 2nd, 2008: Egyptian General Muhammad Mahdi Akif proclaims his support for Palestinean attacks along the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and Sinai Peninsula, during a press conference in Cairo, Egypt...

September 30th, 2008: Opposition leaders Nikolai Gotsa and Andrei Bogdanov are arrested in Moscow, for "crimes against the state"...

October 8th, 2008: Gidget Gein and Marilyn Manson are killed in a car crash in Burbank, California, police it is drug-related...

October 20th, 2008: Ripper (BBC-TV) mini-series starring Anthony Stewart Head, makes its hit debut, detailing the back story of Rupert Giles,...

November 4th 2008 - The Collins/Pataki ticket wins re-election narrowly over the ticket of John Edwards/Bill Richardson and the Liberty ticket of Tom Friedman/Bob Barr. The Election is a squeaker. No candidate has captured enough to gain the 270 to win. The Election is thrown to the House of Representatives. The GOP lost Senate Plurality in 2006 to the Liberty Party. and in the 2008 Election, they lost their slim majority over the House.

December 11th, 2008: European Defense Forces (EDF) are deployed into Athens, Greece in an effort to deal with civil unrest and violence related to the privatization of the national pension fund. Also on this day, The vote is split right across partisan lines. Republican Speaker of the House, Arnold Schwarzenegger (R-CA) announces that "Susan Collins will be the President for the next term of office." Liberty Party and Democratic Party heads work together to undermine her.

December 14th, 2008: North Korean officials report the formation of Orascom cellular communications, becoming one of the fastest growing telecommunications firms in the Pacific Rim,...

December 15, 2008: In response to "further EU aggression", President Harper (with a the surprising support of Canadian Parliament) declares all EU ambassadors Personnae Non Grata and orders their staff out of the country. Several other commonwealth follow suit with the exception of Britain; this sparks a cool in relations between Europe and the "colonies".

December 16th, 2008: Amnesty International reports that c.334 deaths can be attributed to the Clothes Remover 3000 nationwide,...

December 24th, 2008: Tarlan Ramazanov introduces Rollerball to the Soviet Union in Baku, Azerbaijan,...

December 25th-31st, 2008: Israeli IDF forces launch a major offensive against Hamas and Hezbollah positions along the Gaza Strip, West Bank and Sinai Peninsula, sparking outrage by the Arab community...

*******************

January 9th, 2009: EMC-enthusiast Mary Anne Mohanraj calls for an end to racism within "geek chic" in London, England...

January 28th, 2009: Israeli IDF forces report the discovery of tunnels directly from Egyptian territory, directly leading into the Gaza Strip, sparking concerns of an attack by Egypt...

February 1st, 2009: Baltimore Cardinals safety Pat Tillman and Santonio Holmes win the Super Bowl, 23-20,...

February 13th, 2009: Dollhouse (UPN-TV) created by Joss Whedon, starring Eliza Dushku, secures the reputation of UPN-TV as "the network Joss built..."

March 10th, 2009: 16-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen), calls President Susan Collins a "F$%& Whore" during a press conference outside the White House in Washington D.C.,...

March 20th, 2009: The Age of Stupid interactive film documentary starring Pete Postelwhaite, makes its debut, as an indictment of the damage to the environment by modern technology; Also on this day, Science fiction author Elizabeth Bear is hospitalized in New York City, New York after an EMC-enthusiast attacked her in New York City, New York; Also on this day, Susan: The Movie a political documentary by Evan Vucci and David Bossie of Kansas City, Missouri, makes its hit debut in theaters, lambasting President Susan Collins...

March 24th, 2009: Susan: The Movie is pulled from many theaters, after members of the Justice Department launch investigations into allegations of election law violations by the film makers.

March 27th, 2009: Silvio Berlusconi launches the "People of Freedom" campaign, proclaiming the need for European independence from the influence of the United States and Soviet Union, during a rally in Rome, Italy...

April 1st, 2009: London Riots; British military forces are deployed in an effort to crackdown on pro-European Union (EU) riots in London, England...

April 2, 2009: President Harper of Canada calls the London Rioters, "cronies of the decrepit European Union, and enemies of civilized society."

May 18, 2009: Ares II is launched with much fanfare, Collins who tried several times to get the mission cut refuses to call the astronauts.

May 27th, 2009: 16-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) plays his single "Feel the Sickness" in New York City, New York, insulting President Susan Collins, and the U.S. Congress...

June 7th, 2009: 16-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) plays his song "B@#% Pudding" on the National Mall in Washington D.C., sparking his arrest by local police....

June 21st, 2009: North Korean officials open Pyongsong, North Korea as a "free-enterprise zone"...

June 29th, 2009: The Cosmonaut interactive directed by Nicolás Alcalá makes its hit debut in Madrid, Spain

July 9th, 2009: Project Kwangmyong (Bright) launch attacks on South Korean and Japanese websites, including the Nikkei Stock Exchange, sparking a financial crisis....

July 15th, 2009 : His Dark Materials based on the novel by Philip Pullman, starring Dakota Blue Richards, Daniel Craig, and Nicole Kidman makes its hit debut...

August 7th, 2009: Members of the Citizen Militias of America (CMA) led by Michele Bachmann, launch a rally of c.65,000 people in Washington D.C., demanding "Second Amendment protections"...

September 1st, 2009: Distán Farrádez Ullo and Tristán Barragán seize control of the drug trade in Puerto Juarez, Cuba..

September 20th, 2009: White Air Rollerball Championship is held on Isle of Wight, England, attracting athletes from 12 countries...

October 4, 2009: President Collins vetoes "National Defense Education Act of 2009"

October 5, 2009: The House overrides the veto (317-109), it would be the first of 5 vetoes that Congress would override before 2010

October 24th, 2009: Treaty of Budapest; European Union (EU) leaders proclaim their political independence from the Americans and the Soviet Union, during a conference in Budapest, Hungary...

October 28th, 2009: 16-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) releases his album "Beat With An Ugly Stick", directly insulting President Susan Collins and the Congress...

November 1st, 2009: Kitty's Korner (TNT) hosted by former porn star Kitty Kat, makes its hit debut in Hollywood, California, with an underground sensibility towards politics....

November 3rd, 2009: Joss Whedon announces that he has purchased the Terminator film franchise, during a press conference in Los Angeles, California,...

November 16th, 2009: President Susan Collins appears on Parker, to be interviewed by Parker Dashwood, over her administration's policies in New York City, New York...

November 24th, 2009: Chinese government officials say they will allow Rollerball events in Shanghai and Beijing,...

December 4th, 2009: "Noko Jeans", jeans produced in North Korea, begin sales throughout the European Union at discount cost, angering many human rights groups,...

December 21st, 2009: Mayon Disaster; 47 people killed in Legaspi, Luzon, Philippines, after volcanic eruption of Mount Mayon,...

December 28th, 2009: James Owen "The Rev" Sullivan launches a campaign in Huntington Beach, California calling for an end to EMC-usage...

******************

January 14th, 2010: 17-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) sparks a brawl during his European concert tour, during a concert in Berlin, Germany...

February 6th, 2010: American Christian missionary Robert Park is executed by North Korean authorities after crossing the border from China...

February 12th-28th, 2010-XXI Winter Olympic Games are held in PyeongChang, South Korea, amidst a boycott by North Korea, and threats of a possible outbreak of "Hong Kong Flu"...

February 20th, 2010: President Stephen Harper announces plans for a nationwide vaccination for AIDS/HIV virus, during a rally in Toronto, Ontario; Also on this day, "Ultimate-X" Rollerball match is held in Cape Town, South Africa, sparking boycotts by teams from several countries...

March 16th, 2010: "Race Fail 2010"; Science-fiction author Norman Spinrad is shot and killed in New York City, New York after being accused of being "racist and culturally insensitive"...

March 27th, 2010: "Curry-N-Hurry" Indian restaurant fast-food chain opens in London, England, sparking controversy....

April 15th, 2010: President Susan Collins meets with Canadian President Stephen Harper about the European Union in Toronto, Ontario...

April 20th, 2010: Blake Robbins of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania is arrested in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for a series of sexual assaults on underage high school students using the Clothes Remover 3000; Also on this day, Premier Hwang Jang-yop is assassinated in Pyongyang, North Korea, sparking a succession crisis...

April 22nd, 2010: Kitty's Corner (TNT-TV) host Kitty Kat, announces her bisexuality, during an episode, publicly making out with both her male and female lovers on the live broadcast in Pasadena, California...

June 17th, 2010: Rollerball player Sal Masekela of San Diego, California is killed during a match in Phoenix, Arizona, sparking international attention...

June 18th, 2010: In the aftermath of Sal Masekela's death, Parents Against Rollerball Violence, a small group of Rollerball-opposing people (usually parents), is formed.

July 10th, 2010: ANC activist Kabelo Mashi is assassinated in Ventersdorp, South Africa, sparking fears of a civil war,...

July 20, 2010: Natalie York, a British geologist, won the coin toss, and becomes the first person on Mars.

August 5th, 2010: Israeli IDF forces are blamed for rocket attacks in Cairo, Egypt, killing 12 people, sparking international attention....

August 14th, 2010: Rollerball rally in Lingenau-Voralberg, Austria turns violent, when two Rollerball players fight in the parking lot, after a match; Also on this day, Parents Against Rollerball Violence membership swells hugely.

September 29th, 2010: 6.7 earthquake hits Coachella, California. Shockwaves are felt in Los Angeles, California, no injuries are reported,...

October 3rd, 2010: Second Bangkok Riots; Riots erupt over shortages of vaccines for the AIDS/HIV virus in Bangkok, Thailand...

October 4th, 2010: A video showing a Royal Thai Police officer using lethal force against a rioter goes viral on the internet, sparking controversy.

October 6th, 2010: A Micro-Gene Systems lab in Bangkok is robbed, and the security tapes are cleared. Officials claim that a group of rioters is behind the robbery.

October 7th, 2010: Several counterfeit vaccine dealers in Bangkok are arrested. Rioters start pushing for their release. The occasional claim that the vaccines are real is made, but largely ignored.

October 12th, 2010: 17-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) is arrested in New York City, New York, after his girlfriend Kathryn Brewster is found murdered at the Hotel Chelsea...

October 18th, 2010: Illegal street game of Rollerball in Providence, Rhode Island devolves into a brawl, resulting in two deaths. Parents Against Rollerball takes advantage of the deaths to increase membership.

November 2nd, 2010: Governor Dianne Feinstein (D-CA) is elected as governor, amidst concern that Meg Whitman's (R-CA) policies have failed to address economic concerns...

November 18th, 2010: The Amber Spyglass based on the novel by Philip Pullman, starring Dakota Blue Richards, Daniel Craig, and Nicole Kidman makes its hit debut...

November 23rd, 2010: President Susan Collins launches the "America By Heart" tour, to recapture support for the administration, starting in Phoenix, Arizona....

December 9th, 2010: 17-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) is tranferred to Rykers' Island in New York City, New York, becoming a celebrity hero..

December 17th, 2010: "Curry-N-Hurry" emerges as the premiere fast-food chain throughout the Pacific Rim, surpassing McDonalds in Malaysia, Philippines, and Vietnam....

December 2nd, 2010: Kitty's Corner (TNT-TV) host Kitty Kat releases her book, Getting Some Kitty : A Guide to Love, Fame, Happiness, Success, and Being the Life of the Party, becoming a major hit with "geekstas"....

***************

January 18th, 2011: A bill in Rhode Island to ban Rollerball and the associated movie passes, against a small protest. A similar bill fails in Wyoming.

January 27th, 2011: President Susan Collins warns of the dangers of the divisions within the Republican Party, during a meeting with Congressional leaders in Washington D.C.,...

January 28th, 2011: 18-year old musician "Lava Boy (a.k.a. Tuan Nguyen) dies of a drug overdose, while being forced into detox at Rykers' Island Prison in New York City, New York...

Febuary 3rd, 2011: Parents Against Rollerball releases Rollerball: The True Story. Few theaters outside Rhode Island agree to show it.
 
The Union Forever: A TL

The Union Forever: A TL
Please discuss this TL here




Hello everyone, the following is the start of a TL based on a different Peninsular Campaign in 1862. It is my intention to follow this TL if it proves popular enough past the Civil War and into the Twentieth Century. This TL hopefully will also demonstrate the powerful effect that small butterflies can have over time. Speculation and suggestions are more than welcome. Cheers.

Background

January-May 1862;

Union fortunes were looking up in the early months on 1862. After a largely lackluster performance for most of 1861 Federal troops had scored a series of impressive victories against the South. General Grant had captured the Confederate Forts Donnellson and Henry on February 6th and 16th respectively opening up the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. Nashville, then the capital of Tennessee, fell by the end of the Month. The Union even managed a costly victory at the Battle of Shiloh on April 7th. General Pope captured Island Number 10 on the Mississippi River and over 7,000 prisoners on April 8th. Further south the largest port in the Confederacy fell to Admiral Farragut and General Butler on May 1st crippling the confederate’s use of the Mississippi River. Union forces were also making impressive headway by capturing points along the Confederate coastline.

Confederate reverses had severely dampened Confederate spirits. Indeed, when Jefferson Davis was formally installed as the President of the Confederate States of America (Previously he had just been provisional president) on a rainy day in Richmond when an onlooker asked one of Davis’s footmen why he and President Davis were dressed in black suites the footman responded with “Well Ma’am this is how we always have done in Richmond for funerals and such.” And with the large Army of the Potomac hovering north of the city many in the Confederacy were wondering whether their secessionist experiment might soon unravel.

The Beginning of the Peninsular Campaign and General McClellan’s Accident

With these successes in the west, Lincoln naturally pressed for similar results in the east. However President Lincoln and his eastern generals differed as to the performed method. He personally wished for, what appeared to him to be the obvious choice for, an overland campaign from Washington to destroy Johnston’s Army. The President however eventually bowed to General McClellan’s plan to land the Army of the Potomac on the coast of Virginia and then move onto Richmond.

The Union had been making steady but painfully slow progress up the Peninsular between the James and York Rivers sense March 1863 captured Yorktown, the former colonial capital of Williamsburg, and the vital naval base of Norfolk (the Confederates destroyed the CSS Merrimack to prevent her from falling into Union hands).

May 12, 1862; General McClellan must have been feeling very pleased with himself after the resent capture of Norfolk against what he consistently believed to be “vastly superior rebel numbers.” Whether this sense of overconfidence helped McClellan not see the shard of metal in the road on that spring morning however is lost to history. Around 8:00am after a light breakfast with some of his lieutenants, McClellan mounted his horse Baldy to inspect the camp and make his rounds amongst his troops. Unfortunately for McClellan however Baldy while trotting at a good pace along a fence line near Headquarters picked up 6 inch sliver of metal that had been protruding from the road (whether this piece of metal was placed there intentionally has never been proven). Because of the speed at which Baldy had been traveling the shard went through the frog of the forward right hoof. McClellan, despite being a confident horseman was thrown when Baldy came to an abrupt and jerking stop. McClellan would in all probability have been fine if it was not for the fence that ran alongside the road. As McClellan fell the fence caught him in the lower back breaking his spine. Captain Jeremiah O’Connor, one of McClellan’s aids was the first to reach McClellan. McClellan’s first words to O’Connor after realizing that he could not move his legs were “Who will save the Union now?.”


General McClellan
Army of the Potomac
Commander: July 26, 1861-May 13, 1862

General Sumner takes Command
and
the Death of Stonewall Jackson




Maj. Gen. Sumner
Commander
Army of the Potomac


After being examined, Army surgeon Charles A. Hoffmann stated what McClellan already knew, that he was paralyzed from the waist down. News quickly spread of General McClellan’s incapacitation. The soldiers of the Army of the Potomac were needless to say devastated by the news of their “Little Mac’s” fall especially in the middle of a campaign. When President Lincoln heard the news, Lincoln is reported to have sighed, hung his head, and muttered “the one time the General takes my advice to move quickly he breaks his back.” To many this seems to have come at the worst time while Confederate General Stonewall Jackson was making himself a profound nuisance in the Shenandoah Valley and the Army of the Potomac was tied up on the Peninsula. Although despite cables from McClellan that he could still command from his HQ, Lincoln and Halleck both agreed that he would need to be evacuated and a new commander appointed.


With only limited discussion they both decided that Brig. General Edwin Vose Sumner, then the commander of the Army of the Potomac’s II Corps, would take command, Sumner the logical choice being the senior General officer on the Peninsular. When word reached General Sumner of his appointed as commander along with his pending promotion to Major General he remarked “Leave it to General McClellan to hand me a situation like this.” Sumner however was, as events would soon prove, more than up to the task.


Meanwhile, the Union was suffering some staggering reverses in the Shenandoah Valley. Confederate Maj. General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson had, with his few thousand troops, been scoring a series of victories against the north in the Shenandoah Valley since March in an effective effort to divert Union reinforcements from reaching McClellan on the Peninsula. Union forces had been largely unsuccessful in stopping Jackson despite their superior numbers.

However, Jackson’ impressive skill and luck did eventually run out. Confederate Maj. General Richard S. Ewell’s troops had been ordered to be withdrawn from the Valley in an effort to reinforce Richmond on May 20th, 1862 (Despite pleas for Robert E. Lee to leave Ewell in the Valley to assist Jackson, Jefferson Davis ordered Ewell’s redeployment because he believed that with the removal of McClellan a move against the supposedly weekend Army of the Potomac should take priority.)Jackson and the few remaining thousands of his foot cavalry were engaged by General Banks’ forces near the city of Strasbourg, Virginia on May 22nd. The battle seemed to be going well for the Confederates until Jackson, who was standing as did “Like a stone wall”, was struck from his horse by a Union bullet to the neck. Jackson bleed out within minutes and the sorrow and confusion surrounding his death led to the Union emerging victorious capturing the bulk of the late Stonewall’s men.


Gen. Stonewall Jackson moments before he was shot and killed.
May 22nd, 1862

Sumner’s Advance



May 25th- May 30th, 1862

General Sumner upon inheriting command of the Army of the Potomac wasted no time in continuing to drive up the Peninsular towards Richmond. News of Stonewall Jackson’s death at Strasbourg, Virginia was welcomed news as this meant that Union Maj. General John Pope’s Army of Virginia was now free to press the Confederates from the North.

The Confederates were in a bind.. Richmond was in serious danger of becoming encircled with Sumner’s Army of the Potomac advancing up the Peninsular in the east and Pope’s Army of Virginia heading south, placing it in a position to envelope the city north, west, and maybe even cut Richmond’s supply lines from the south. Furthermore, Southern morale was plummeting and desertions rose as a result of the Yankees advancing ever closer to the Confederate capital in addition to the death of Stonewall Jackson.

Jeff Davis along with his military aid General Robert E. Lee met with General Johnston at his HQ on May 25th. Davis, with Lee’s encouragement, felt that Johnston should move offensively against Sumner on the Peninsula. They felt that if the Army of the Potomac suffered a serious reversal (Jeff Davis was operating on the ultimately unfounded conviction that the death of General McClellan had crippled the AotP’s morale) it would retreat down the Peninsula allowing Confederate forces to then turn against Pope in the north. Johnston however, largely due to his numerical inferiority, believed in a more defensive strategy. He hoped that Sumner would grind his army to a pulp as the Army of Northern Virginia fell back onto Richmond. Johnston also suggested that Ewell’s troops, bolstered by some reinforcements from his own army, could hold Pope’s force in check. Davis for now agreed to Johnston’s defensive strategy but stated that if an opportunity to move against Sumner appeared that Johnston should take it.

The Battle of the Chickahominy
and
the Fall of Richmond


Union forces at the onset of the Battle of the Chickahominy​

June 1-June 6th, 1862

What became known as the Battle of the Chickahominy (The Four Days Battle to the South) started with General Sumner leading a general advance against the Confederate defensive positions outside of Richmond on June 1st, 1862. Although Johnston had diverted troops to prop up his northern defenses the Confederates managed to hold their works against Union attacks for most of June 1st and June 2nd. On the evening of June 2nd in light of the apparent Southern success Davis ordered Johnston to attack the Army of the Potomac in the morning. Although Johnston was wary of switching to the offensive, he realized the significance that a successful attack would have (Historians have also debated whether Johnston feared being relieved by Davis if he refused to attack). On June 3rd Johnston ordered a counterattack against the Union’s left south of the Chickahominy. The resulting Confederate attacks pushed the Federal forces under General Keyes back almost a mile. However around 4:00pm the Confederate forces, who had suffered heavy casualties, ran out of steam as they encountered Union entrenchments anchored a few hundred yards from the Chickahominy River. By 5:30 general Johnston was forced to call off the advance.

On the night of June 3rd both sides stopped to mull over the situation. Davis and Johnston were relatively pleased with the day’s results. The Federals had been pushed back and Davis believed that Sumner would at least withdraw his troops to the north side of the Chickahominy to consolidate his forces. Sumner however, had different plans. Sumner believed, correctly as events would show, that Johnston’s center must have been stretched dangerously thin and that he probably did not expect the North to resume the battle the next day. That night Sumner ordered Sedgwick’s corps to prepare pontoon bridges for use the next morning. At a council of war Gen. Sumner convened that night his Generals were surprised to hear that despite the day’s losses, the Army of the Potomac would again attack the Confederates, who were now exposed outside of their defenses, led by a river assault by Sedgwick’s s II Corps.

Around 7:30 am on June 4th, the Union line exploded by launching one of the heaviest artillery barrages of the war. Within an hour the Union’s left and centered were surging against the weakened Confederate lines. The Union’s right under General Porter was also making considerable headway and was threatening to turn the Confederate left. By 1:00pm the Confederate right was in danger of being cut off by Sedgwick’s advance and began a headlong retreat west towards Richmond. The Union continued to advance the rest of the day and although casualties were high on both sides the Confederates, due to their inferior numbers, were forced to fall back to within only a few miles of Richmond itself.

On the night of June 4th President Jefferson Davis was forced to listen to the advice of Johnston and Lee who informed him that Richmond must be abandoned. There decision to evacuate Richmond was also influenced by an erroneous report that Ewell had been defeated by Gen. Pope at Gordonsville, Virginia the same day (In reality Pope had in the end been checked by Ewell and had fallen back). Regardless, much of the Confederate governments records and treasury had already been packed and was ordered shipped to Greensboro, North Carolina. Jefferson Davis and most of the other members of the Confederate Government left Richmond on June 5th, 1862.

The Battle of Richmond was anticlimactic as Confederate forces fighting a regard action, moved through the city heading south. On the morning of June 6th, 1862 Union forces entered the capital of the Confederacy. When the Stars and Stripes was raised over the Virginia statehouse a Union private yelled to General Sumner “If only Little Mac could see us now!”


Richmond, June 6th, 1862

Confederate Choices



Union troops relaxing
Richmond, Virgina
June, 1862


June 7th-June 12th 1862

When Abraham Lincoln, pacing around the Washington telegraph office as he often did, received the news of the fall of Richmond he is reported to have jumped for joy so high that he hit his head on the office’s ceiling. Indeed the entire North was electrified by the fall of the Confederate capital. Harper’s Weekly ran above a full page illustration of General Sumner the headline “The Conqueror of the Confederacy”. Even the usually somber New York Times blared “Glorious News, Richmond Rightfully Ours!”

If the North was ecstatic, needless to say Confederate moral was devastated by the loss of Richmond. The fall of Richmond was a serious blow to Confederate hopes of receiving foreign recognition. Confederate agent John Slidell in a letter addressed to President Davis from London about a week after receiving news of Richmond’s capture stated “The loss of our capital has silenced almost all discussion here of recognition of our Southern republic. “ On June 10th as the Army of Northern Virginia continued to head south Davis relieved General Johnston and placed General Robert E. Lee in command. Lee moved the Army of Northern Virginia to a position a few miles south of Petersburg, Virginia to lick his army’s wounds. Lee had to double the night watch around his camp as desertions, especially amongst Virginian troops, continued to increase at an alarming rate. General Ewell’s forces, who had bested Union Gen. Pope at Gordonsville, were being hurriedly routed to reinforce Lee before they were cut off by Northern troops.



Gen. Robert E. Lee
Army of Northern Virginia
Commander

On June 12th, Jefferson Davis, along with Confederate Secretary of War George W. Randolph, met with General Lee at his Headquarters. All three of the men present knew that if the military situation couldn’t be righted and quickly, the Southern cause was lost. But what to do? It appeared to Davis that he was ever increasingly in a no win scenario. Basic military strategy would dictate that the weaker force (i.e. the South) should be on the defensive. However the defensive strategy the Confederacy had been pursuing since the start of the war seemed now to have met with almost nothing but defeats. If they continued on the defensive it would appear that the Confederacy would continue to be slowly strangled by the encircling Union armies. If Davis went over to the offensive however the potential loss of Lee’s Army would be an irreversible calamity.



Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia, 1862


Events however, were becoming desperate. Desertions were skyrocketing, the value of Confederate money was plummeting, and several in the Confederacy were now beginning to contemplate rejoining the Union if only a guarantee of slavery could be made. The later sentiment was especially strong in the states of Tennessee and Virginia which were now largely in Union hands. If these states reverted back into the Union, Davis believed, the Confederacies chances of survival would become slim indeed. Therefore, despite the discrepancies in strength, it was agreed that as soon as possible General Lee should move against the Army of the Potomac along with a similar offensive push by Confederate Armies in the Western theater.

The Western Theater
Gen. Braxton Bragg
Commander
Army of the Mississippi


June-July, 1862

The Western Theater had been going well for the Union. Corinth, Mississippi had fallen shortly after the battle of Shiloh. Jefferson Davis had replaced General Beauregard with General Braxton Bragg as commander of the Army of the Mississippi after Beauregard left for medical leave without permission following the fall of Corinth. Although Bragg had proposed an invasion of Kentucky via Confederate controlled eastern Tennessee, Davis instructed Bragg to move against Gen. Buell in Nashville. The reasons for a move against Nashville were two fold. Firstly, as the state capital, Nashville’s recapture would go a long way in helping silence any talk of Tennessee returning to the Union. Secondly, in the event of a defeat, an Army invading Kentucky would run the serious risk of becoming cut off and captured. Bragg’s move towards Nashville was planned to coincide with Lee’s proposed move in Virginia in order to tie down the maximum number of Confederate troops.


Gen. Don Carlos Buell
Commander
Army of the Ohio

The North however was having considerable difficulty in capturing Vicksburg that, along with Port Hudson, was blocking Union use of the Mississippi River. Attempts to bombard it into submission had met with failure. Gen. Grant was then dispatched with considerable forces to capture the city and open the river.

Lee and Bragg Advance
July-August, 1862

On July 27th, 1862, in the swelter summer heat the Confederate Armies of Northern Virginia and of the Mississippi began their advance towards their Federal counterparts. Both Bragg and Lee hoped that their offensives would liberate the two confederate state capitals that had fallen into Yankee hands. Bragg’s plan was simply, move directly against Buell in Nashville and capture the town before Union reinforcements in western Tennessee came to his aid.

Lee’s plan however was more complex. Lee intended move his forces westward around Richmond and advance towards Washington. Sumner, Lee predicted, would move out of his fortifications in Richmond and engage him. This plan was undoubtedly risky. If Lee was victorious the Union would have vacated Richmond, and if the Army of the Potomac was mauled enough be cut off from its supplies and lines of retreat to the north. On the other hand if Lee was defeated his lines of retreat would be cut off. It was a definitely a gamble but with the diminishing Confederate fortunes, Lee was willing to risk it to prevent the subjugation of his native state.


Gen. Robert E Lee as he advances north into Union occupied Virginia



The Siege of Nashville and Lee’s movements in Northern Virginia


Tennessee State Capitol and barracks for the Union during the Siege

August, 1862

The Siege of Nashville began on August 6th, 1862 when the vanguard of Gen. Bragg’s Army of the Tennessee drove in outer elements of Gen. Buell’s Army of the Ohio. Buell’s army took up their defensive positions around the city. Bragg, for now, enjoyed a rough numerical parity with the Federals. On the morning of August 8th, Bragg launched his attack on Buell’s forces south of the Cumberland River. These morning attacks were in the end both costly and a failure. Confederate General Leonidas Polk, a cousin to former U.S. President Polk, was mortally wounded by Union artillery during the assault. A devout Episcopal Bishop, General Polk’s final words were “I thank God that he has called me to him so as my eyes will not witness the fall of the South”. To the absolute bewilderment of Jefferson Davis, Bragg refused to launch follow up attacks and settled down into a siege of Nashville, the whole time begging for reinforcements the Confederacy, with another ongoing campaign in Virginia, could hardly spare. In the meantime the Union was rushing reinforcements to the relief of Nashville from other parts of Tennessee and Kentucky. The clock was running against Bragg, a fact that he seemed to totally disregard.

Meanwhile in the east, Gen. Lee was moving rapidly and was passing north of the Army of the Potomac, which was still in Richmond. President Lincoln had been disappointed with General Sumner’s lack of progress since the Confederate capital fell and was adamant that Sumner now move to intercept Lee before he reached the Washington defenses. Sumner complied leaving a small force to garrison Richmond, and started to move the large Army of the Potomac north in what many believed would be the deciding battle of the war.



The Rappahannock Campaign: Part 1



Map of Northern Virginia, 1861


August 10-14, 1862

The Army of Northern Virginia was making impressive headway in the direction of Washington. It overcame its first obstacle by pushing through a detachment of dismounted Union cavalry at the Battle of Culpepper Courthouse on August 11, 1862. Lee’s plan was to continue to push north through Brandy Station and cross the Rappahannock River at Rappahannock Station. Once north of the Rappahannock, Lee planned on giving battle from a defensive position where Lee’s disadvantage of numbers could be marginalized. Lee had no illusions of totally destroying the Union Army, but with any luck the main body of the Army of the Potomac, now approaching from the south, would be defeated and then retreat towards Washington. Lee would then turn south and reoccupy Richmond, returning the Confederate capital to Southern control and giving the South a desperately needed boost in morale.

Union commander General Sumner however was not merely chasing Lee north. Taking advantage of the railroad and river networks in Northern Virginia, Sumner had decided to dispatch General Hooker’s I Corps north to be routed through Alexandria, Virginia to establish a blocking position north of the river at Rappahannock Station. Meanwhile the rest of the Union army would approached Lee from the South and box him in. In a sense it became a race against time to see who could arrive at this import river crossing first.

Lee continued to advanced north capturing Brandy Station on August 12 but only after unexpectedly stiff resistance by the small Union garrison. The next day Lee arrived at the Rappahannock shocked to see a large number of Federal Troops disembarking off the trains and drawing themselves into position north of the river. Lee, it was reported, was surprised to see such a large element of the Army of the Potomac to his north instead of trailing him to the south. Lee was now faced with a decision, he could 1) Order a hasty attack across the river and keep advancing towards Washington. or 2) Remain in Brandy Station and await a Union attack. Lee chose the former but ordered a night reconnaissance of Union positions north of the river to ascertain their strength.

On the morning of the thirteenth, Confederate scouts reported to Lee that the troops on the North bank of the Rappahannock consisted only of Hooker’s I Corps. The scouts also reported that Sumner with the rest of the Federal Army was fast approaching from the Southeast. Around 9:00am Lee assembled his commanders to discuss the situation. The Confederate forces did enjoy a numerical advantage against hooker’s troops to the north and if they could be defeated the Army of Northern Virginia could then turn its attention to Sumner when he arrived with the Union main body. However, this plan was not without risks. Hooker’s men had spent the night entrenching and crossing the river would be tough. In the end it was decided that Hooker’s Corp should be eliminated before the arrival of Sumner. The only Confederate Corps commander who voiced reservations was Gen. Longstreet who favored either skirting Hooker to the west or remain on the defensive and wait for a Union attack.


Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker
I Corps
Army of the Potomac


The Battle of Rappahannock Station began around 3:00pm on August 13th, 2010. With only a few hours to prepare and after a brief artillery barrage, the attack commenced with Confederate troops surging against the Union positions. Yankee guns overlooking the river crossing caused considerable Confederate casualties. For over three hours Lee made steady by costly process as he managed to force the Federals back. The Confederate assault was hindered by Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart who had been ordered to flank the Federal position from East. For reasons that remain unclear to this day, Stuart maneuvered his cavalry in a dashing but ultimate to wide of an arc around the Union position so that his forces did not join the battle for nearly four hours.


Artist depiction of the Confederate assault across the Rappahannock

As twilight approached Hooker ordered his severally battered Corps to fall back, leaving the Confederates in possession of the northern bank. Lee had scored his much hoped for victory over a Union army. However, the Confederates triumph had come at an extremely high price. A price that Lee’s already outnumbered army could hardly afford as the main body of the Army of the Potomac approached from the South.

The Rappahannock Campaign: Part 2

The Battle of Warrenton
and
the Defeat of Gen. Robert E. Lee


Warrenton, Virginia 1862​

August 15-20, 1862

The morning following the Battle of Rappahannock Station was a bitter sweet moment for General Robert E Lee. He had scored a victory against the North but only after suffering severe casualties to his own force. He now was faced with three options 1) cut his losses and head South to avoid being trapped, 2) Continue to follow his original plan and turn and face Sumner somewhere north of the Rappahannock, or 3) Continue on towards Washington. Lee decided that he did not possess the forces to take Washington and if he continued on towards the Union capital he was going to be running the serious risk of becoming completely cut off from his line of retreat. Option 1 which was favored by some on his staff was also ruled out because it would not allow them to reoccupy Richmond, their chief objective. Therefore Lee decided to move to the town of Warrenton, Virginia located 13 miles north of Rappahannock Station and give battle to General Sumner who was hot on their tails. Warrenton was selected because if Sumner could be defeated it would allow him a clear line of retreat northward towards Washington, allowing the South in turn to reoccupy Richmond. It was also rumored that Warrenton had Union depots. Depots with food and supplies that Lee’s army desperately needed.

The Battle of Warrenton, which would prove to the deadliest battle in the Civil War, started on August 18, 1862 with an inconclusive skirmish between Confederate soldiers and forward elements of Union cavalry. August 19th, consisted of only sporadic skirmishes as the Confederates dug in and the Union forces drew themselves into position in a long line south of the town that curled northwards on both the eastern and western flanks. On August 20th at 9:00am Sumner launched the largest artillery bombardment of the war so far on the center of the Confederate line for over three hours. What would become known as Burnside’s Charge (named after Gen. Ambrose Burnside, commander of the Union IX Corps) occurred at 12:30pm when Sumner ordered a full scale assault on the battered Confederate center. The wooded terrain helped mask Union movements, but after almost 4 hours of repeated charges and countercharges the Confederate were still able to hold onto their works. (Historians have often criticized Sumner’s assault on the Confederates center, but it is important to note that it was Burnside’s Charge which forced the Confederates to weaken their left flank to reinforce their center on the night of August 19th that allowed for the decisive actions the next day.)


Gen. John Sedgwick
II Corps
Army of the Potomac

For Lee, everything had been going according to plan. Sumner was attacking an entrenched Army of Northern Virginia and, so far, had been losing. Unfortunately for the South however Union superiority in numbers was about to decide the day. On the morning of August 20th, Union Gen. John Sedgwick of Connecticut launched a surprise attack against Lee’s weakened left flank. The previous night Sedgwick had convinced Sumner to not renew Burnsides attack on the Confederate center but instead reinforce his II Corps. Sumner also ordered the Union troops in the center and left to shuffle positions and make noise during the night to distract the Southerners. Sedgwick’s attack caught the Southerners off guard. Although the attack was very costly for both sides, the Army of Northern Virginia was so weakened from the previous week’s fighting that they did not have the numbers to match the Union’s. By 4:00pm General Lee was forced to order his Army to withdraw to the northwest. Lee then began preparations for the long retreat home and began to realize that his armies’ chances for survival were dropping by hour…


Clovenfeld's famous depiction of the Assault of Sedgwick's II Corps at the Battle of Warrenton (1913)
The Relief of Nashville



Confederate works outside of Nashville, August 1862.


August 22nd,1862

As Bragg’s Army continued to besiege Nashville following his failed assault on the city on August 10, 1862, the Union had been amassing reinforcements on the north bank of the Cumberland and had steadily been building up forces in the city. The besieged Buell was soon joined by Gen. Halleck and his troops from the eastern part of the state. By August 20th Bragg had released that he was now facing a superior force. Ruling out another assault, Bragg contemplated withdrawing to Chattanooga, Tennessee before he became hopelessly outnumbered. However, orders from President Davis not the retreat and the very real fear that he would be relieved if he did prompted him to continue to dither and bombard the city.


Union troops charging the Confederate works at Nashville. Aug 22, 1862

On the morning of August 22nd, Buell and Halleck launched their assault against the Confederates entrenched on the outskirts of the city after a fierce artillery barrage. Bragg’s army performed rather well and made the Federals pay dearly for any ground gained. However by 2:00pm Union numbers and with Confederate artillery shells nearly depleted Bragg ordered his Army to withdraw. Although Bragg’s performance at Nashville has left much to criticize, Bragg did manage to facilitate an orderly withdraw allowing most of the Army of the Mississippi (soon to be renamed the Army of Tennessee) to retreat in good order.


One of the Union bands during the Siege of Nashville

It is also worth to note that on the evening of August 22nd, as Bragg withdrew, Gen. Halleck ordered, as Gen. Sumner had after the successful conclusion of the Battle of Warrenton, one of the regimental bands to play the song Battle Cry of Freedom which would in later years and after some alterations become the national anthem of the United States. (Original lyrics listed below)

Yes we'll rally round the flag, boys, we'll rally once again,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom,
We will rally from the hillside, we'll gather from the plain,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!

(Chorus)
The Union forever! Hurrah, boys, hurrah!
Down with the traitor, up with the star;
While we rally round the flag, boys, rally once again,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!

We are springing to the call with a million freemen more,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
And we'll fill our vacant ranks of our brothers gone before,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!

Chorus

We will welcome to our numbers the loyal, true and brave,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
And although he may be poor, not a man shall be a slave,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!

Chorus

So we're springing to the call from the East and from the West,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
And we'll hurl the rebel crew from the land we love best,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!

Chorus"

Jefferson Davis was devastated when the news reached him of Bragg’s defeat. Despite a close relationship with Bragg, Davis relieved him three days following the battle and appointed General Joseph E. Johnston who had been without command since The Battle of the Chickahominy. This defeat coming so soon after Lee’s defeat in Virginia made the already dismal mood in the South to plummet even faster. Jefferson Davis now realized that his August offensives had now both meet with failure. Davis also realized that these twin defeats would only strengthen the now growing voices of dissent in his own government. On August 25th, Jefferson Davis recorded in his Journal “I am at my wits end, what can be done now?….”

Lincoln’s plan for Emancipation and Reconstruction

President Abraham Lincoln
September, 1862


With the war having been going well for the Union for the past few months, Lincoln now saw an opportunity to move on the two crucial issues of the conflict, reintegrating the southern states into the Union and slavery.

In the beginning of the war Lincoln had been very reluctant to move against slavery for fear of upsetting the Border States. However, the resent string of Northern success had done much to silence voices of discontent in the Border States as well as the Copperheads in the North. Following the twin victories at Warrenton and Nashville, Lincoln, who was currently enjoying enormous public support for the conduct of the war, now felt in pertinent to make the his first steps towards abolishing slavery and restoring the Union. On September 1, 1862 Lincoln issued a Proclamation of Emancipation and Restoration of the Union (or P.E.R.U. to the millions of American school children who would have to memorize passages of it over the centuries). Lincoln had been working on and revising this since the darker days earlier that year. The Proclamation stated

"That on the first day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.”



Portrait of Lincoln discussing the P.E.R.U with his cabinet.


Confederate states that were exempted from this Proclamation were Tennessee, Virginia, and Louisiana which were mostly under Union control. The Proclamation continued by stating that any state which is currently in rebellion that rejoined the Union by March 1, 1863 would be spared the effects of the Proclamation. The Proclamation spelled out the process by which states could rejoin the Union. 1) By having a majority of a state’s legislature take an Oath of Allegiance to the Government of the United States and repeal their ordinance of succession (expelling any politicians who did not take the oath) or 2) after 10% of a state’s population had taken the Oath of Allegiance form a new state government. The proclamation also stated that any citizen, with the exception of top tier Confederate government and military officials, would be unconditionally pardoned upon taking the Oath of Allegiance.

Lincoln’s reasoning for issuing this Proclamation was multifaceted. On the one hand it was mainly a military measure which was intended to sap the slave power on which the Confederacy operated. Lincoln continued to believe and maintain that the restoration of the Union was the chief aim of the War and that this proclamtion would only speed up the Union's victory. Secondly, it would cause even more splintering in the Confederate government and state governments as many politicians who had become disgruntled with the Davis administration might see this as a way out of the war. Thirdly, it would appease the more radical elements in his party who were begging for the President to deal with slavery. Lincoln doubted whether the Deep South would comply but believed that the Upper South would be seriously tempted by the proposition.


Slaves in a Union occupied portion of Louisiana, 1862.

Reaction to P.E.R.U. varied considerably. Fredrick Douglas cheered the proclamation as a step in the right direction. Other’s derided it as it only freed slaves that were outside Lincoln’s control. Democrat’s generally were appalled by the proclamation. They believed that Lincoln, yet again, had over stepped his constitutional authority. When news reached the South, Jefferson Davis lashed out at the Proclamation declaring that it was “intended to insight slave insurrection and the massacre of the white race.” The proclamation however greatly empowered Union sympathizers, conditional Unionists, and moderates who saw rejoining the Union as their last chance to save slavery in their states and avoid going down in flames with the now largely discredited Confederate Government.

General Lee’s Long Retreat


General Robert E. Lee
Late 20th Century Portrait



As the Army of the Potomac was licking its wounds following its costly victory at Warrenton, Lee wasted no time heading south to safety, in a series of maneuvers and battles that U.S. military officers would study for centuries to come. Lincoln was adamant that Sumner move swiftly and capture the remnants of Army of Northern Virginia. However, Sumner continuously underestimated General Lee who repeatedly bested Union efforts to capture his force for the next several weeks.

The chief Union blunder of this campaign was that as Lee fell back they did not concentrate their forces against him. Sumner only sent slightly more than half of his large army against Lee leaving the more mauled units in the north to recuperate. Lee was able to briefly re-liberate the city of Charlottesville, Virginia after he overran the small union force that had been sent to block his line of retreat. Later at the Battle of Lynchburg, General Lee was able to soundly repulse a Union attempt to capture his Army, allowing him to slip south over the James River.

In the end on October 1st, 1862 after traveling nearly 200 miles from Warrenton, Lee reached the relative safety of Danville, Virginia which he proceeded to fortify in earnest. President Jefferson Davis had ordered Lee to not proceed any further south than Danville as Davis believed it was paramount for the Confederacy to retain a presence in Virginia. Lee’s conduct during the past several weeks revealed him to be one of the ablest Southern commanders of the war. Indeed, in future years historians would often speculate what Confederate fortunes might have been had General Lee been given command of the Army of Northern Virginia earlier in the war before Union victories, such as Richmond, sapped Southern strength and morale.


Photograph of Confederate works under construction outside of Danville, Virginia
November, 1862

As winter approached, General Sumner, with his deteriorating health, accepted an offer President Lincoln had made weeks earlier. On October 7th, 1862 General Sumner relinquished command of the Army of the Potomac and headed to Washington to aid Lincoln as General in Chief of the Union Armies. Although his choice for a replacement was not without controversy amongst the other Union corps commanders, Sumner picked the man who replaced him as II Corp commander as the new leader of the Army of the Potomac, Major General John Sedgwick. Sedgwick had performed very well at the Battle of Warrenton and was popular with many officers in the Union Army. Sedgwick’s promotion would prove to be an important steppingstone to his political career after the War.


Maj. General John Sedwick (far right)
Commander
Army of the Potomac

1862 Midterm Elections, the Invasion of Eastern Tennessee, and the Investment of Vicksburg

Despite Lee’s resent victories in Virginia, the Republicans were rightfully confident as they moved into the November elections. In the elections the Republican Party increased their majorities in both the House and Senate. Republican gains however were less than predicted, possibly due to the survival of the Army of Northern Virginia and resentment by some over the P.E.R.U. Nonetheless, Lincoln saw these electoral successes as resounding support for the conduct of the war and as an endorsement for the P.E.R.U. Republican canidates also did well in many of the state elections.


Railroad Bridge acoss Platt Creek: Knoxville Tennessee, December 1862

Meanwhile in the Western Theater, Lincoln was on the verge of accomplishing one of his goals since the start of the war, the liberation of eastern Tennessee. The non-slave holding citizens of East Tennessee had overwhelmingly voted against succession in 1861. Lincoln had initially wished to liberate this mountainous portion of Tennessee and possible bring it into the Union as it’s on state, as had been done with West Virginia. However, by this point in the War most of western Tennessee had already been liberated and if the eastern part of the state could be redeemed than Tennessee stood a good chance of becoming the first southern state to return to the Union.

On November 19th, 1862, after leaving a sizable garrison in Nashville, the Union Army of the Ohio under General Henry Halleck moved towards Knoxville (Halleck had formally taken over command from General Buell weeks earlier due to Buell’s poor performance during the early stages of the Siege of Nashville and lack of pursuit of Johnston). Johnston’s Confederate Army of Tennessee was stationed in the ever increasingly fortified city of Chattanooga in the southern part of the state. Although Johnston was urged by Jefferson Davis to move north and intercept Halleck, Johnston was able to convince the Confederate President that it would be unwise for his battered force to move into a Unionist part of the state, in winter, to engage a superior Yankee force. Therefore, Johnston’s Army remained behind its works in Chattanooga. Nashville was liberated on Christmas Eve 1862. When word reached Lincoln on Christmas morning he replied that it was “with the exception of the infant Savior, the best Christmas present ever received.” With Nashville capture, eastern Tennessee was finally returned to Union control. Indeed the only part of the state that was still in Confederate hands was Chattanooga. As both armies settled into winter quarters, Unionist elements in Tennessee were making plans on their state’s return to the Union.


Maj. General Ulysses S. Grant
Army of the Tennessee
Commander



Meanwhile in Mississippi, the Army of the Tennessee under Major General Ulysses S. Grant was making steady progress towards the Confederate strongpoint of Vicksburg. On December 29th, 1862 at the Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs Confederate Lt. General John C. Pemberton was able to hold off a Union force nearly three times its size for almost 10 hours against the determined advances of Maj. General William T. Sherman. Although the victory was a tactical Confederate success Pemberton was forced to retire under the protection of Vicksburg’s defenses. Pemberton had in the months leading up to the Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs been having an increasingly difficult time recruiting and retaining his Confederate troops due the string of Southern defeats in other theaters of the war. Pemberton also felt that his supplies had been unfairly redirected east to prop up the collapsing Tennessee and Virginia fronts. In the days following the battle Grant’s forces began to besiege this all important city to determine who would control the mighty Mississippi River.

Brief Overview of the Military Situation
January 1st, 1863


United States of America
Capital: Washington D.C.


Major Union Armies


Army of the Potomac: Commanded by Major Gen. John Sedgwick. Currently occupying most of the Commonwealth of Virginia.


Army of the Tennessee: Commanded by Major Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. Currently besieging Vicksburg, Mississippi.


Army of the Ohio: Commanded by Major Gen. Henry Halleck. Currently occupying most of Tennessee.



Army of the Gulf: Commanded by Major Gen. Benjamin F. Butler. Currently occupying the southern half of Louisiana.

Naval Forces

The United States Navy has undergone a dramatic expansion since the start of the war. Naval gunboats are currently heavily engaged on the Mississippi River in the offensive against Vicksburg and in actions in Louisiana. The Union Navy is ever increasingly tightening its blockade on the Southern coastline.



Confederate States of America
Capital: Greensboro, North Carolina (President Davis and much of the War Department resided at the time in Danville, Virginia along with the Confederate Virginia State Government).

Major Confederate Armies



Army of Northern Virginia: Commanded by General Robert E. Lee. Currently in Danville, Virginia.



Army of Tennessee: Commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston. Previously known as the Army of Mississippi. Currently defending Chattanooga, Tennessee.


Vicksburg Defenses: Commanded by Lt. General John C. Pemberton. Currently besieged in Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Naval Forces

The Confederate Navy is mostly concerned with protecting blockade runners in bringing in much needed supplies to the South. Southern Naval forces are slowly but surely being eliminated as the greater industrial potential of the North takes its toll. Confederate commerce raiders such as the CSS Alabama (which narrowly avoided being impounded in England by the British government) are making a name for themselves by harassing Union shipping in the Atlantic.

The South’s Winter of Discontent



Jefferson Davis
President
Confederate States of America


January, 1863

As the War entered its second winter the political situation in the Confederate States of America was deteriorating at an alarming pace. The South had introduced conscription in 1862 to shore up its manpower shortage. As Confederate fortunes declined in the second half of 1862 the central government ever increasingly drew men and supplies form the various Southern states. Jefferson Davis’s heavy handed approach coupled with his apparently disastrous handling of the war so far began to form fissures in the Confederate political establishment. Those that opposed Davis’s centralizing policies include several Southern state governors who resented their men and supplies being sent out of state. The most prominent of which were Joseph Brown, Zebulon Vance, and Pendleton Murrah the Governors of Georgia, North Carolina, and Texas respectively. Another prominent Southern dissenter against the Davis administration was none other than Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens from Georgia.


Southern opponents to the Davis Administration
(from left to right; VP Stephens, Gov. Vance, Gov. Brown, and Gov. Murrah)


In early January 1863, Jefferson Davis called a series of meetings with prominent Confederate leaders in the Southern capital of Greensboro. Those present included Davis’s Cabinet, Alexander Stephens, Confederate congressional leadership, representatives from certain state governments, and military leaders including General Robert E. Lee. At these meetings, now known to historians as the Winter Conferences, Davis was deeply disturbed by the defeatist attitudes of many of the political leaders. Davis believed that although the South had suffered alarming setbacks in the past months the cause was not lost. If the full might of the South’s resources could be effectively pooled, the Confederate President continued to maintain, the Confederacy could reverse its recent defeats and grind the North down until the Union was forced to recognize Southern independence.

Therefore at the end of these Winter Conferences, in order to shore up the depleted Confederate ranks Jefferson Davis in late January, 1863 began lobbying for what became known as the Davis-Seddon Act which called for increased conscription, allowed for the suppression of seditious talk and media, and granted the Confederate government increased powers in procuring supplies from the various Southern states. This proposal sparked enormously hostile debate in the Confederate Congress and the various state governments as many politicians balked at the idea of rendering more men and supplies to the central government while their own states appeared to be on the verge of invasion. Indeed it seemed to challenge the very notion of state’s rights that the Confederacy was founded upon. As events would show the proposed Davis-Seddon Act would be one of the steppingstones that would eventually lead to what some historians would refer to as the “Confederate Civil War.”




Lincoln’s Plan for Victory




Abraham Lincoln
President
United States of America


January, 1863

As the Jefferson Davis was making his plans during these quieter winter months so was Lincoln. In January, 1863 President Lincoln devised the North’s plan to win the war with advise from, General in Chief Sumner, Secretary or War Stanton, Secretary of the Navy Welles, and even General Sedgwick who was called up from Richmond,. With reports of Southern political turmoil over conscription and Davis’s handling of the war Lincoln believed that, as soon as possible, all of the Union’s armies should move against their Confederate counterparts. This simultaneous pressure all along the borders of the Confederacy would, Lincoln hoped, make the best use of the North’s superiority in numbers and not allow the Confederacy to use its interior lines to shuffle troops from front to front.

Lincoln’s intentions were to try and peel off the states of the Upper South, and Texas if possible, and bring them back into the Union first as they had the largest numbers of unionist citizens and therefore more apt to rejoin the Union. The decision to move into Texas an Arkansas however was not very popular with many in the Union military. Sumner and Stanton argued that with Vicksburg likely to fall soon, Arkansas and Texas would be cut off and could be left to wither on the vine. Lincoln however believed that with these states cut off from the Confederacy they would be more likely to rejoin the Union, especially if they could be liberated before the P.E.R.U. freed their slaves. Lincoln was also adamant about establishing a presence in Texas to send a signal to the French troops in Mexico that, as Lincoln put it to an aide, “they ain’t welcome in this hemisphere.”

The plan was as follows. Butler’s Army of the Gulf would push north, taking Port Hudson on the Mississippi and liberate the rest of Louisiana. Following this Butler would turn west and push into Texas. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee, after taking Vicksburg some time in this winter, would split up. Two Corps under the command of Maj. General William T. Sherman, later known as the Army of the Mississippi, would move into Arkansas where unionist sympathies were believed to be on the rise. Grant aided by reinforcements from the north would head east and take central Mississippi. Meanwhile, Halleck would take his Army of the Ohio liberate Chattanooga, and then push on and capture the key railroad junction of the City of Atlanta. Sedgwick, with the Union’s largest army, would move against Lee at Danville, and then on to the Confederate capital in Greensboro. Together, so it was thought, these offensives would finish liberating the states of Virginia, Tennessee, Louisiana, take most of Texas and Arkansas, and for the second time capture the Confederate capital. In short, if successful the war could be over in a matter of months.

Tennessee Returns to the Union

February, 1863

As the wintering armies made their preparations for the upcoming military offensives, Tennessee politicians were busy launching their offensive to return to the Union. On January 29, 1863 unionist politicians held a convention in Nashville to discuss their state’s future. Most of the Confederate Tennessee State Legislature boycotted the convention and remained in Chattanooga under the protection of Johnston’s Army of Tennessee. However, enough of the population according to the Proclamation of Emancipation and the Restoration Union (P.E.R.U.) had taken the oath of allegiance (mostly citizens from eastern Tennessee) to form a new state government.

As all present were Republicans or Unionist Democrats the main discussion was not whether to return to the Union, but whether to return to it as a Slave or Free State. The debate raged for three days until finally a compromise was struck. Tennessee would petition to return as a slave state, but with a provision in the state’s new proposed constitution that would abolish slavery by January 1st, 1865. Slave-owners who took the oath of allegiance to the United States and the new state government could receive finical compensation from the Federal Government. The State of Delaware had adopted a similar gradual compensated emancipation plan by a slim margin a few months earlier. Andrew Johnson (D) the current military governor of Tennessee and the only southern senator to have remained loyal to the United States was, in a surprising move, elected provisional governor by the Republican controlled assembly. This was probably an effort to win back wayward Tennessee Democrats.



Andrew Johnson
Provisional Governor of Tennessee
1863

When Tennessee’s petition, reached Congress there was a serious chance that the Republican dominated body might reject it because it would be tantamount to readmitting a slave state. However moderate Republicans, Democrats, and support from the Lincoln administration was able to secure its passage. Therefore on February 15, 1863 Tennessee became the first Confederate State to rejoin the Union.

When news reached Jefferson Davis, he lambasted it as an “illegitimate attempt by abolitionists and rabble-rousers to subvert a Southern state to Northern tyranny” as did many in the Deep South. However, in other parts of the Upper South, such as Virginia and Arkansas, moderates saw it as a practical compromise and continued to make their own plans for their states’ restoration to the Union.


The Fall of Vicksburg

Artisit depiction of the Siege of Vicksburg
Early February, 1863

February,1863

Ulysses S Grant’s Army of the Tennessee had been pounding away at the Confederate defenses for over a month. Grant’s forces at this point had swollen to 80,000 men. Meanwhile Confederate Lt. Gen. Permberton’s troop strength had been reduced to a mere 27,000 and his men were running dangerously low of artillery shells.

From February 14-16, the Union army blasted the Confederate works with over 200 pieces of artillery. This barrage was supplemented from the river by Rear Admiral Porter’s gunboats. On the evening of February17th, Grant ordered an assault against the northern Vicksburg defenses which were easily repulsed. Undeterred, Grant ordered two more assaults on the 18th and 20th which meet with similar failure.

Following these failures, Grant began to prepare for a new assault to be led by Maj. General William T. Sherman and his XV Corps. This assault was to be preceded by a feint in the south by Maj. General John Parke’s IX Corps. While Confederate attentions were distracted to the south, Sherman’s forces, after a ferocious but short artillery barrage were to advance in loose formation, taking advantage of all possible cover, and seize a section of the Confederate northern defenses. On the evening of February 20th the assault was carried out and was successful in making a hole in the Confederate lines.



Elements of Sherman's XV Corps overwhelming the Confederate lines.
February 20th, 1863

On the following day, General Grant offered terms to the battered Confederates. If they surrendered their arms and swore never to fight against the government of the United States they would be paroled. With the breach in the Confederate lines and the near depletion of their ammunition General Pemberton was forced to agree. The city and defenses of Vicksburg surrendered the next day on February 22nd, 1863. Port Hudson, Vicksburg’s Louisianan counterpart would surrender to Maj. General Butler’s Army of the Gulf five days later when news of Vicksburg fall reached the poorly supplied Confederate garrison. Together, the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson in February 1863 finally returned control of the continent’s greatest river to the United States.

The Danville Campaign
and
the Surrender of Robert. E. Lee

Union Seige Gun on the outskirts of Danville, Virginia
May, 1863


March-May 1863

Since October of 1862, the Armies of the Potomac and of Northern Virginia had done little more than skirmish with each other. Lee’s forces had turned the countryside around Danville into a proverbial fortress with a series of forts, redoubts, and defensive positions ringing the city and protecting the railway which served as the cities lifeline to the rest of the Confederacy. Sedgwick’s army had been preoccupied for most of the winter with suppressing guerrilla bands and occupying the lion’s share of Virginia.

Starting on the Ides of March, components of the Army of the Potomac started making their way south. Altogether, these forces totaled 125,000 men. However, tens of thousands of these were used for logistical support and securing the army’s lines of communications. Behind the formidable Danville trenches laid Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia with only 50,000 men under arms. As with Lee’s spectacular escape and evasion following the Battle of Warrenton, his conduct in the Danville Campaign against the Union’s far superior numbers would cement his reputation as one of the top Confederate commanders of the war, despite never actually winning a campaign.

The first battle of the campaign accured when forward Confederate elements ambushed a reconnaissance detachment of Union cavalry at Halifax, Virginia on March 23rd, 1863. As would be the story for most of the campaign, Southern forces performed well, until superior Union numbers forced their withdrawal due to fear of encirclement. In a similar fashion on April 1st at the Battle of South Boston, a town about 30 miles east of Danville, Confederates under the immediate command of General James Longstreet held up nearly twice their number for two days until Union cavalry threatened to cut off his line of retreat. On April 3rd, Union forces north of Danville at the Battle of Dry Fork were able to evict the Confederate garrison only after a costly assault.

By April 20th, 1863 Major General John Sedgwick’s Army of the Potomac had encircled nearly 75% of the Danville defenses. The remaining open 25% included the railroad to the south which served as the city’s lifeline to the rest Confederacy. The Confederates were doing their utmost to keep the railway open through a series of counter attacks and flanking movements by Southern cavalry to draw off Union forces. For the next 30 days Federal forces continued to close the vise of Danville. By the first of May, the Confederate Virginia politicians who had taken refuge in the city during the winter had all fled to North Carolina, as had most other Confederate officials. The notable exception being President Jefferson Davis, who, much to the annoyance of General Lee, was determined to remain in the city as long as possible. On May 20th, 1863 General Lee informed President Davis that he must leave the city as the window for escape was closing fast. Lee informed Davis that he and many of his fellow Virginians would stay behind and perform a rearguard action as he and units from other states escaped towards Greenville, NC. Davis seeing the writing on the wall reluctantly accepted.


On May 21st, Davis and a sizeable number of the remaining Confederate soldiers under General Richard H. Anderson of South Carolina managed to leave Danville and slip into the relative safety of North Carolina. On May 23rd, Danville’s railway was cut by Union troops and the city completely surrounded. Two days later on May 25th, 1863 and only hours before the Union was to launch a massive assault against the city, General Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to General Sedgwick at his HQ at Patterson’s Farmhouse. Thus, the Commonwealth of Virginia was now entirely back in the control of the United States.






Artist depiction of Patterson's Farmhouse. Now a museum in Danville Civil War Sate Park.

Aftermath of the Battle

The roughly 18,000 troops that were captured in Danville were paroled. This number included General Lee who was surprised and deeply touched by General Sedgwick’s benevolence. This started a close friendship between Sedgwick and Lee that would last until Lee’s death several years later (Sedgwick would serve as one of Lee’s pallbearers).

Meanwhile, Virginia politicians had been meeting in Richmond for much of the campaign and were hotly debating whether Virginia should return to the Union as one or two states. News of Lee’s surrender did much to break the legislative deadlock. By a three vote margin Virginia voted to return to the Union as a single state. Exempt form the P.E.R.U.’s provisions on slavery, Virginia opted for compensated gradual emancipation in much the same way as Delaware, Tennessee, and Louisiana had (Louisiana became the second Southern state to return to the Union in early May 1863). Virginia set June 1st, 1866 as its date for complete emancipation. Virginia’s proposal for readmission was narrowly accepted by Congress a few weeks later.

Jefferson Davis, now in Greenville, NC with the rest of the disintegrating Confederate government, began to realize for the first time that the war was lost. However, Davis was a man of strong conviction and could not bring himself to contemplate capitulation and so the war continued on…for now.

The Trans-Mississippi Theater

March-May, 1863

Sherman’s March through Arkansas




Maj. General William T. Sherman on horseback in Arkansas
May, 1863

After the fall of Vicksburg on the 22nd of February, 1863 Grant as planned divided his forces. Two corps totally roughly 24,000 men under the command of Maj. General William T. Sherman headed northeast into the Confederate held Arkansas. Sherman entered Arkansas roughly a month after the P.E.R.U. had freed all the slaves in the state. Therefore, as Sherman advanced towards his objective, the state capital in Little Rock, his army (now known as the Army of the Mississippi) became one of the first Union armies to start emancipating the newly freed slaves.

Sherman’s march through Arkansas is also noteworthy in the way he managed his logistics. Instead of maintain a long and precarious supply train from the Mississippi River, Sherman decided that his forces could “live off the fat of the land” on the unspoiled Arkansas countryside. This was a dangerous move to conduct so early in the spring, and the Union forces procurement of local food and fodder angered many. Although many Arkansas residents curse Sherman’s name to this day the actual damage done by his army was minimal and mostly fell on Confederate loyalists and wealthy slave holders.

In order to defend the state capital Confederate General Sterling Price began amassing his forces in Little Rock. Sherman’s rapid advance through the state however gave Price little time to properly fortify the city or train his new recruits, many of which had been harshly pressed into service. On May 2nd, 1863 Sherman’s Army of the Mississippi engaged Price’s Army of Missouri in the Battle of Little Rock. General Price was mortally wounded by Union artillery early in the battle, and chaos reigned as the Confederate troops who were rushed to the battle fled their still unfinished trenches. The next morning, Sherman triumphantly entered the city. The raising of the Stars and Stripes over the statehouse was accompanied by the singing of the Battle Cry of Freedom by local unionists, who had remained dormant since the start of the war but who were now cropping up in ever greater numbers.

Butler’s Defeat

After the fall of Port Hudson, Maj. General Butler with his Army of the Gulf started Lincoln’s long awaited invasion of Texas. Unfortunately for the North the campaign would end in one of the worst Union defeats of the War. Beginning on April 29, 1863 the two day Battle of Carthage (that is Carthage, Texas) saw Butler’s forces soundly defeated by the numerically inferior Army of Western Louisiana under Maj. General Richard Taylor. Butler was forced to retreat back into Louisiana, were Lincoln promptly relieved him of command, replacing him with Maj. General Nathaniel P. Banks. Back in Louisiana, Banks waited on Sherman to complete his campaign so they could combine forces and make a second attempt at invading Texas. This defeat was a major setback for pro-Union elements in Texas and was a serious factor in Texas remaining in the Confederacy.


Maj. General Nathaniel P. Banks
Commander
Army of the Gulf

Halleck in Tennessee
and
Grant in Mississippi


April – June, 1863

The Battle of Chattanooga and the Invasion of Georgia


Chatanooga, Tennessee
March, 1863


On April 1st, 1863 Maj. General Henry Halleck with his 47,000 man Army of the Ohio began its movement against Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston’s 28,000 man strong Army of Tennessee which had spent the winter fortifying the city of Chattanooga. Johnston’s Army had been severely weakened due to President Jefferson Davis siphoning troops away from the army to be sent to General Lee in Virginia or to General P.G.T. Beauregard’s new Army of Mississippi (not to be confused with Sherman’s Army of the Mississippi) which was being formed to defend Jackson, Mississippi from Grant’s invading army. In the ensuing campaign Johnston proved to be a master of defense. However, as the Confederacy was being pressed in all theatres by superior Union numbers and internally by the ever widening schisms in the Southern political establishment Johnston was never able to concentrate enough forces to repel Halleck’s advancing army.

The Battle of Chattanooga began on April 16th, 1863 when the Army of the Ohio began bombarding Johnston’s defenses. Johnston was able to stall Halleck’s assaults through a series of well organize counterattacks that always seemed to shore up the Confederate lines just as they were about to break. However, when news of Lee’s surrender at Danville reached Johnston’s HQ he knew that his days in Chattanooga were numbered as vast Union reinforcements would soon be on their way to encircle his dwindling army. On June 2nd, 1863 Johnston withdrew from Chattanooga towards Georgia with Halleck’s army in hot pursuit. Johnston’s plan was to take advantage of the hilly north Georgia countryside and fight a series of defensive battles as he fell back towards Atlanta along the Chattanooga-Atlanta railway.



Chattanooga after being set onfire by retreating Confederates
June 2nd, 1863

Before the Confederates left however, they set fire to many of the militarily important buildings in the city. Unfortunately for the citizens of Chattanooga the fire quickly spread and soon ravished the majority of the already battered city. The burning of Chattanooga was significant as it was one of the few cities to be so utterly destroyed during the course of the war. Furthermore the city's apparent destruction at the hands of Confederate troops sent shockwaves throughout the South that the Confederacy would now do anything to prevent its cities from falling into Yankee hands. This strengthened the already growing peace faction in the South who saw quickly ending the war as their only chance for survival.



Grant in Mississippi


P.G.T. Beauregard
Commander
Army of Mississippi


As Sherman was advancing on Little Rock and Butler was blundering into Texas, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant was pushing east towards Jackson, Mississippi with his 40,000 man Army of the Tennessee. Jackson, the state capital, was defended by Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard of Louisiana who could only muster less than 25,000 troops many of which were state militia. Beauregard had distinguished himself in the early days of the war, but his reputation had steadily declined as the war progressed. Now, with Mississippi threatened, President Davis was rushing troops from other theaters to defend his native state.

The Battle of Jackson took place on April 7th, 1863. During the battle General Grant decisively defeated Beauregard’s army which was still in the process of forming. To his credit, when it became clear that the more numerous and better equipped Union army was going to emerge victorious, General Beauregard withdrew his troops in good order and headed east towards Alabama. Grant, as was his fashion, followed closely on Beauregard’s heels. Grant’s pursuit of Beauregard became known as “The Great Dixie Derby” due to the unusually fast rate at which the armies moved.

The Collapse
of
the Confederacy

June-July, 1863

The Confederate Government flees Greensboro


An artist's stylized depiction of the Confederate capital's return to Montgomery, AL (1863)


After Lee’s surrender at Danville, General Sedgwick (who had recently been promoted to General in Chief after General Sumner’s resignation due to poor health) wasted no time in heading south to capture the Confederate capital at Greensboro, North Carolina. Jefferson Davis realized that General Richard H. Anderson’s Army of the Carolinas, formally the Army of Northern Virginia, was in no condition to defend the city and the capital would have to be moved. Unlike earlier in the war, many Southern governors now saw harboring the Confederate Government more as a liability than an asset. Atlanta or another city in North Carolina were ruled out due to the hostility of Governors Brown and Vance who respectively claimed that the central government should as Brown put it “find another place to end its days.” Davis suggested that the capital be moved to either Charleston or Columbia, South Carolina until news came that Charleston had been captured by a Union Army/Navy Taskforce under the command of Maj. General Quincy Gillmore on June 5th. Therefore the remaining members of the Confederate Congress decided to return the capital to Montgomery, Alabama and abandoned Greensboro to the advancing Union Army on June 7th, 1863.

General Anderson with his Army of the Carolinas, which now numbered only 21,000 men, planned on moving around Sedgwick’s Army of the Potomac and wreaking havoc in the Union’s rear, possible even reinvading Virginia. However, General Sedgwick’s superior numbers allowed him to block Anderson at every turn forcing him to fall back further and further.

The Confederate Civil War

What many Civil War historians call “The Confederate Civil War” began in earnest on June 15th, 1863 when in a surprising move Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens confronted President Davis in his makeshift office in Montgomery. Stephens claimed that the war was lost and that Davis should either sue for peace with Lincoln or resign as President. Jefferson Davis, whose relationship with Stephens was already severely strained, was deeply troubled at what he took to be treasonous comments from his Vice President. Davis stated that he had sworn to uphold the Confederate Constitution and would do so for as long as he was able. Stephens then replied that if that was Davis’s answer he would be left with no choice but to urge Congress to impeach Davis.

The legality of impeaching Davis, presumably because of his abysmal conduct in running the war, was and has been hotly debated to this day. The Constitution of the Confederate States of America maintains that the President may be impeached fortreason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors." Davis believed that the impeachment charges that he was brought up on were, at the very least baseless and more likely open treason against the Commander and Chief during wartime. For the next four days the Confederate capital was, in what some historians call “The Battle of Montgomery” the scene of passionate debates, street battles, and a race as both Davis and Stephens’s supporters clamored for votes (and even moved troops into the city) to support their respective causes. However on June 19th, Davis, by a slim margin received enough votes to stop from being removed as President of the Confederacy

News of the “Battle of Montgomery” did much to discredit the Confederate government else wear in the South. As the Army of the Potomac was chasing Anderson’s forces across the state, Governor of North Carolina Zebulon Vance, a long time critic of Jefferson Davis, asked the state legislature to secede from the Confederacy. This was do to the central government’s apparent inability to defend the state and in an effort to stave off further destruction. On, June 23rd, 1863 the state narrowly passed its second ordinance of secession in three years. Georgia followed North Carolina out of the Confederacy three days later. As such, Georgia and North Carolina troops started leaving the Confederate armies in droves.

The Surrender of Anderson and Johnston


Gen. Richard H. Anderson
Commander
Army of the Carolinas

With North Carolina and Georgia now technically out of the Confederacy, the Confederate armies positions within those states became untenable. Through a double envelopment General Sedgwick was able to trap Anderson’s army outside of Salisbury, NC on June 27th. Anderson was forced to surrender his battered and starving forces two days later.

Meanwhile in Georgia, Halleck’s Army of the Ohio inflicted a crippling defeat on Johnston’s dwindling Army of Tennessee at Resaca on June 29th. The devastating news of Anderson’s surrender in North Carolina reached Johnston the next day. This information along with the fact that the Georgia government would no longer supply his forces made Johnston surrender his deserting army on July 1st, 1863.

The Impeachment of Jefferson Davis and the End of the Confederacy




Alexander Stephens
2nd President of the Confederate States of America
July 3-4, 1863


The succession of North Carolina and Georgia, coupled by the twin dissolutions of the Confederate armies of the Carolinas and Tennessee was the last straw for the Davis administration. On July 3rd, 1863 the Confederate Congress formally impeached and removed Jefferson Davis as President of the Confederacy. Alexander Stephens was sworn in as the second and last Confederate President at noon in a somber and sad ceremony. On the same afternoon news reached President Stephens that General Grant had finally caught up with and captured P.G.T. Beauregard’s Army of Mississippi only 50 miles west of Montgomery during the costly Battle of Selma.

In light on the disastrous developments of the past two weeks (or perhaps more appropriately the past 14 months since the fall of Richmond), President Alexander Stephens and the remaining members of Congress officially dissolved the Confederate States of America in a tearful cession at 10:00am on July 4th, 1863 as the Star and Bars was lowered for the last time from over the city. When news reached the North later that day, it sparked off the greatest Independence Day celebrations that the nation had ever seen. In a torch light speech delivered to an audience on the Whitehouse lawn President Abraham Lincoln stated that “the Almighty God has seen fit to bless us with victory in this great civil war, but it will be up to us to win the peace.”


Confederate States of America
February 8, 1861 - July 4, 1863

The Immediate Aftermath of the War
and
the Start of Reconciliation


July-September, 1863


Artist depiction of Confederate forces surrendering their colors
July, 1863



Following the dissolution of the Confederacy in early July the rest of the South not already subjugated fell to the North in rapid succession. The advancing Union armies wasted no time occupying the state capitals not already under their control. On their way Federal forces enforced the P.E.R.U, freeing hundreds of thousands of slaves in a matter of weeks. The State of Texas, which had remained basically free of Union troops during the war, was the last Southern state to be occupied. When General Sherman’s army arrived in the state capital of Austin at the end of July Sherman proclaimed that under the P.E.R.U all slaves in Texas were now and forever free. For this reason July 29th is often celebrated as Emancipation Day in many parts of the United States.

Throughout the South, the defeated Confederate forces were almost invariable paroled after their military munitions had been confiscated. The few exceptions were top military and political leaders such as Jefferson Davis who was arrested by Ulysses S. Grant’s forces as the former confederate president was making his way home to Mississippi. Davis would spend several months in prison before eventually being pardoned by President Lincoln. Davis, who was still immensely unpopular in the South for his conduct in managing the war, went into exile in Europe for the rest of his life. Jefferson Davis would die in London in 1873 of phenomena never having returned to the United States. Other former Confederate generals and politicians, such as Alexander Stephens, would spend short times in prison before being released. Many of these leaders would be banned from voting or holding elected office for the rest of their lives.

In what would become known as Reconciliation, Lincoln outlined his top priorities for the post-war United States. 1) The return of all Southern states still outside of the Union under his 10 percent plan, 2) Ensure that the P.E.R.U is enforced in the Deep South, 3) Complete the compensated emancipation of slaves in the Border States and Virginia, Tennessee, and Louisiana, and 4) Establish a new Homestead Act that would provide land grants to settlers (including freed slaves) in the western territories. It is also worth noting that with the war now over Lincoln began the movement of troops to the Rio Grande under General Sherman to send a message to the French forces, who had recently captured the Mexican capital, that their presence was not welcomed.


A Union victory parade in Washington D.C.
late July, 1863

Summary

In the end, the American Civil War proved to be the costliest war in American history up to that time, resulting in an estimated 315,000 deaths both North and South. Property damage although significant was relatively light considering the scoop of the war. Indeed of all Southern cities, Chattanooga stands out as the most damaged of the war, while other major urban centers such as Richmond, Atlanta, and New Orleans emerged from the conflict mostly unscathed. Slavery was virtually destroyed by the war. With the institution only remaining in a strip of states in the center of the country, all of which with plans for complete emancipation within a few years.

French withdraw from Mexico



Emperor of the French, Napoleon III

October 1863-January 1864

The French, along with the British and Spanish, had invaded Mexico in early 1862 with the stated intention to force Mexico to pay debts owed to the European Powers. It soon became apparent to the British and Spaniards though that the Second French Empire under Emperor Napoleon III was actually intent on conquering the Latin American country. Accordingly, Britain and Spain withdrew from Mexico a few months later. Unfortunately for the reformist government of Mexican President Benito Juarez, the French stayed and were able to successful capture the Mexican capital in June of 1863.

With the Civil War now won, President Lincoln was adamant that France’s violation of the Monroe Doctrine would not stand. Lincoln, having already moved thousands of Federal troops to the Mexican border, ordered a naval blockade in October of 1863 to block the arrival of French reinforcements. This blockade, coupled with Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian’s earlier rejection of an offer to be made Emperor of Mexico, forced the French Emperor to rethink his intentions. Bereft of British and Spanish assistance Napoleon III realized that he could not risk a war with the United States whose army and navy were still swollen from the Civil War.

In light of what was widely viewed to be a situation that would only deteriorate for the French, Napoleon III made the decision to get out while he was ahead. In a deal mediated by the United States in January of 1864, it was agreed that French troops would be withdrawn if President Benito Juarez would promise to honor Mexico’s debts to France. With French forces occupying Mexico City, and therefore little room to maneuver politically, President Juarez reluctantly accepted.

This agreement allowed all sides to claim victory. France had achieved it stated war aim, although it was far short of Napoleon III’s real desire to build a New World Empire, and showed that Napoleonic France was a major world power able to project itself anywhere in the world. Lincoln successfully upheld the Monroe doctrine and earned himself additional political capital as he moved towards reelection. In the end Mexico was liberated and President Juarez was able to consolidate his power from the conservatives who had backed the French.

Despite all sides apparently achieving their goals this near-conflict caused considerable tension in Franco-American relations. Historians would often point to this as the beginning of a Franco-American hostility that would last well into the twentieth century. Mexican-American relations however were improved by Lincoln’s stand against the French, furthering the United States’ reputation as, Vice President Hannibal Hamlin once said, the “Defender of the Hemisphere.”

The Second Term of Abraham Lincoln





1864-1868

1864 President Election

Incumbent Abraham Lincoln headed into the 1864 Presidential elections with a commanding lead being at the time one of the most popular Presidents in American history due to his successful completion of the war and forcing France’s withdraw from Mexico. As such Lincoln was unanimously nominated as the presidential candidate at the Republican National Convention in Baltimore. At the convention there was considerable talk of dropping Vice President Hannibal Hamlin from the ticket. Major General Sedgwick was mentioned as a possible replacement but Sedgwick decided instead to run for the governorship of Connecticut, which he easily won. In the end, Hamlin was left on to appease the more radical elements in the Republican Party although some radical republicans decided to back John C. Freemont as a third party candidate.


Horatio Seymour
Presidential Canidate (D)
New York

The Democrats at their national convention had considerable difficulty in finding a suitable candidate for President. Andrew Johnson the current Governor of Tennessee seemed to be a good choice, but Johnson made it clear that he would not run against the man that “saved my beloved Union”. Johnson also probably realized that Lincoln was almost certainly going to win reelection. After much debate the Democrats finally nominated former New York Governor Horatio Seymour for President. Lazarus W. Powell, a former Governor and current Senator from the state of Kentucky was chosen as the Vice Presidential nominee.

As predicted, Lincoln easily won reelection to a second term. Seymour carried only the former Confederate States allowed to vote and Kentucky (Alabama, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Florida did not participate as they would not fully return to the Union until 1865 due to their proposed state governments not meeting the standards of the Republican controlled Congress). Lincoln’s reelection was seriously aided by the huge number of Union war veterans who would be a main source of support for the Republicans for decades to come.

Reconciliation

Reconciliation was Lincoln’s primary concern during his second term. By November of 1865 all the former Confederate States had successfully been readmitted into the Union, with South Carolina being the last to rejoin. Union troops however still occupied much of the South to protect the newly freed black population and prevent any lingering Confederate sentiments from reigniting the conflict.

Compromise of 1865: One of the planks in Lincoln’s campaign platform was for a constitutional amendment to officially ban slavery in the United States. However, three-fourths of the state legislatures would be needed to ratify the amendment. This meant that some sort of deal would have to be struck with the southern states in order to gain their votes. Thus, in what sometimes is termed as the compromise of 1865, it was agreed that Federal troops would be removed from most of the South once the southern states had ratified the thirteenth amendment.

13th Amendment: The thirteenth amendment to the constitution was ratified on December 3rd, 1865 stating…

Sec. 1: Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction, after June 1, 1867.

Sec. 2: Congress, in conjunction with the states, shall have power to enforce earlier emancipation, or to provide recompense for emancipation, prior to June 1, 1867, upon due consideration of the subject's participation in rebellion against the Constitution of the United States.

Sec. 3: Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


June 1st, 1867 was chosen as the date for final emancipation so that the few remaining slave states would have time to complete their earlier agreed upon timetables for gradual compensated emancipation.


Western Expansion

Homestead Act of 1865: The Homestead Act of 1865 was another of the Lincoln administration’s crowning achievements. This act provided 40 acres and supplies to start up a small farm to any single man or family who would uproot and settle in the United States’ western territories. This offer also applied to the recently free, or soon to be free, blacks of the former Confederacy. Over the next two and half decades millions of American citizens would take the trek west including a large number of blacks. In years to come these significant numbers of African American landowners in the western states would play an important role in the Civil Rights movement of the twentieth century.

Alaska Purchase: In 1867, Lincoln reluctantly authorized Secretary of State William H. Seward to purchase Alaska from the Russian Empire for 7.5 million dollars. Although Lincoln was not a big proponent of American expansion, the near war with France over Mexico taught Lincoln that the less territory the Europeans held in the New World the better.

Transcontinental Railroad: Besides the admission of Nebraska into the Union on the 15th of December, 1866 the other big development in the west was the opening of the Transcontinental Railroad. This cross continental railway was officially completed on October 23rd, 1868. (It is worth mentioning that the popular urban legend that Lincoln drove in the golden spike to complete the railroad is false as can be seen in the photograph below).


Completion of the Trancontintal Railroad
October 23, 1868


Foreign Developments

Lincoln’s second term was focused primarily of domestic issues but it is worth mentioning a few points concerning European developments. In Europe the Kingdom of Prussia triumphed over the Empire of Austria in a brief war in 1866. This victory, coupled with that over Denmark in 1864, sent shock waves through the continent that Prussia was a power to be dealt with.

However, following Prussia’s victory in the Austro-Prussian War Prussian Chancellor Otto Van Bismarck was unable to forge an alliance with their defeated foe after Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph I was assassinated by the deranged father of a fallen Austrian soldier in the streets of Vienna on November 29th, 1866. Franz Joseph was succeeded to the throne by his younger brother Ferdinand Maximilian who was crowned Emperor Maximilian I. Unlike his older brother, Maximilian I favored forming an alliance against the emerging power of Prussia. Soon after his coronation the new emperor established an alliance with Napoleon III of France (It has been speculated that Napoleon III and Maximilian's friendship might have been aided by the rumor that Maximilian was actually fathered by Napoleon II during his time in Austria). This Franco-Austrian Alliance would become a fixture in European politics for decades to come.


Maximilian I
Emperor of Austria
1866

The 1868 Presidential Election
and
Lincoln’s Post-Presidency




An old wartime photograph of John Sedgwick
17th President of the United States


Although Abraham Lincoln’s popularity waned somewhat during his last years of office, most historians still believe he could have won reelection for President a second time. However, Lincoln decided to honor Washington’s precedent and not run for a third term. The declining health of his wife Mary Todd Lincoln might also have contributed to Lincoln’s desire to retire from political life.

At the 1868 Republican National Convention former Major General and General in Chief of the Union Armies John Sedgwick was selected as the Republican’s presidential candidate. Sedgwick, the current Republican Governor of Connecticut, easily obtained his party’s nomination without any serious opposition. For Vice President the Grand Old Party nominated the former and first Republican Governor of Virginia Arthur Ingram Boreman, in an attempt to show that the Republican Party was making headway in the Upper South.



Arthur I. Boreman (VA)
16th Vice President of the United States

The Democrats re-nominated Horatio Seymour of New York to be their presidential nominee. For Vice President however, the popular governor of Tennessee, Andrew Johnson was selected as Seymour’s running mate.

The election results of 1868 closely mirrored those of 1864. The Republicans carried all of the northern states as well as the western states of California, Oregon, and Nevada. Seymour delivered much the same performance as he did four years earlier except that Kentucky narrowly went for the Republicans. It is also worth noting that although Virginia’s electoral votes went for Seymour, the Republican Party was able to capture a significant portion of the popular vote, including virtually all of the mountainous western part of the state. In the end, John Sedgwick was soundly elected the 17th President of the United States.


Lincoln after the Whitehouse

One of Lincoln’s last acts while in office was his long awaited trip to the west coast. Lincoln arrived in San Francisco by way of the newly completed transcontinental railroad on a bitterly cold January morning in 1869, making Lincoln the first sitting President to see the Pacific Ocean.

After President Sedgwick’s inauguration, Lincoln retired to his home in Springfield, Illinois. There Lincoln would write his memoirs which became an international bestseller and to this day considered by many historians to be one of the best Presidential memoirs ever written. In the later years of his life Lincoln would often express regret that he did not press for more sweeping reforms during Reconciliation for former slaves. Lincoln would stay active until his death, writing books and going on several well publicized speaking tours throughout the United States and Europe. Abraham Lincoln passed away in his Springfield home at the age of 78 on July 4th, 1887, the same day of the year as Presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. Lincoln’s funeral was one of the largest in American history a fitting capstone to one of the country's greatest presidents.

Abraham Lincoln's Home
Springfield, Illinois

The Sedgwick Presidency (1868-1876)









37 Star Flag adopted after Colorado joined the Union in 1874




The Presidency of John Sedgwick is remembered as one of national healing, industrialization, and settling the western frontier. Sedgwick had a strong reputation for honesty which often put him at odds with many of the career politicians of his day. Listed below are a few of the highlights of Sedgwick’s two terms in office.

Foreign Policy


Annexation of Santo Domingo: In the fall of 1869 in what would be one of the most important points in John Sedgwick’s legacy, President Sedgwick was able to squeeze through a treaty in the U.S. Senate by a one vote margin that annexed the Caribbean nation of the Dominican Republic in exchange for assuming the island nation’s debt. Sedgwick was a proponent of annexation because he believed that the Dominican Republic could serve as a new home for southern blacks wanting to leave the repressive conditions in the South. Although only a few thousand American blacks would eventually move to the Commonwealth of Santo Domingo (as the U.S. Territory was called), the island did provide the location for an important U.S. naval base at Samana Bay.

The War Scare of 1872: In what historians would call the War Scare of 1872, the Prussian led North German Confederation narrowly avoided a war with the French and Austro-Hungarian Empires over the allegiance of the south German states. The subsequent Conference of Munich, realigned the Kingdom of Bavaria and a few other small catholic south German states into an alliance with Austria-Hungary and France in an effective attempt to curtail Prussia’s increasing power. This humiliating setback for Prussia pushed them into an alliance singed in 1874 with imperial Russia to counter the growing power of the Bonapartes and Hapsburgs. In light of these events President Sedgwick continued to stress American neutrality in European affairs.

Napoleon IV comes to Power: Emperor of the French, Napoleon III, died on March 5th, 1875 due to surgical complications over a bladder stone. His son Louis Napoleon was crowned Napoleon IV in a lavish ceremony in Notre Dame Cathedral on his 19th birthday on March 19th, 1875. Napoleon IV continued France’s industrialization and would in a few years time start a massive build up of the Imperial French Navy.


Emperor of the French, Napoleon IV
1875

The 1872 Presidential Election


Andrew Johnson (TN)
Democratic Presidential Canidate
1872

The Republicans maintained their control on the Whitehouse with the decisive reelection of President John Sedgwick and Vice President Arthur I. Boreman. Although almost all of the southern states went for the Democratic candidates, Tennessee Governor Andrew Johnson and his running mate former Maj. General Winfield S. Hancock of Pennsylvania, the election results showed that the Republican Party was starting to make serious inroads with southern working class voters especially in the Upper South.

Domestic Policy


Colorado: The United States continued to settle its western territories during Sedgwick’s time in office with Colorado entering the Union on November 2th, 1874.

American Centennial: July 4th, 1876 marked the centennial of American independence. From one end of the country to the other the nation was united in massive parades, demonstrations, and displays of fireworks. The Centennial celebrations were also noteworthy in that for many parts of the Deep South it was the first time that Independence Day had been celebrated since the Civil War.


American Centennial Celebrations in Philadelphia
July 4, 1876


Reconciliation: With Reconciliation largely over, race relations in the southern states settled into a pattern that would last for decades. So called “black codes” kept southern blacks from voting or holding office in most parts of the South during this period. Despite the atmosphere of segregation however, lynchings and other overt acts of violence towards blacks were rare and consigned mostly to the Deep South. Leaders of the African American community during this time concentrated their efforts on economic and educational advancement, establishing several universities for black students.
President Boreman
and the
War with Spain




Arthur I. Boreman
18th President of the United States


The 1876 Presidential Elections

As the Sedgwick years drew to a close it was his Vice President Arthur I. Boreman of Virginia that quickly emerged as the Republican frontrunner. Although there were a few men in the North concerned about a Virginian president so soon after the Civil War, Boreman was able to easily secure his party’s nomination. For the Republican's 1876 Vice Presidential candidate Congressman James Blaine from Maine was selected to balance the southern Boreman.

When the results were tallied, Boreman beat Democratic candidate former Maj. General Hancock of Pennsylvania and his running mate Senator William Allen of Ohio by a respectable margin. Significantly, Virginia had narrowly gone for the Republicans, making it the first former Confederate state to vote for a Republican candidate for President.


Cuba and Spain

Boreman’s presidency was plunged into crisis almost as soon as he was inaugurated. By the time Boreman took office in early 1877, Cuban rebels had been fighting with their Spanish overlords for nine years in what seemed to be an increasingly futile attempt to through off the yoke of Old World oppression. The War for Cuban Independence had begun when a Cuban lawyer and plantation owner named Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, fed up with the Spaniards economic rape of his island, freed his slaves and declared Cuba’s independence. Since then the Cuban insurrectos had been waging a guerrilla war against loyalist and Spanish forces, a war that had in recent years been going poorly for the rebels.

The Republican controlled government of the United States favored a Cuba free from Spanish rule for two main reasons. Firstly, the captive island nation still had the institution of slavery. Secondly, ever since the near war with France in 1865 European forces located so close to the United States were deemed to be a serious threat to the country’s security. In order to support the Cuban freedom fighters the Federal government had been funneling guns and supplies to the rebels ever since the late 1860’s, a fact that infuriated the Spanish government. Meanwhile across the Atlantic, Spain had in recent years gone through a period of drastic political instability with Republican, Bourbon, and Carlist forces threatening the military junta that ruled Spain ever since the forced abdication of Queen Regnant Isabella II in 1875.

Declaration of War


USS Ossippee, 1877

The incident that would spark the conflict occurred off the coast of Maisi, Cuba a city located on the far eastern tip of the island. What actually occurred on that foggy night of May 16th, 1877 is still hotly debated amongst historians to this day. The United States claimed that the Spanish frigate San Justo suddenly fired at the USS Ossipee, an American sloop on its way from New Orleans to Santo Domingo. The Spaniards claimed that the Ossipee was offloading supplies to Cuban rebels and that it fired first when it saw the approaching Spanish vessel. Regardless, after a fierce exchange of fire, the Ossippe was sunk and the San Justo seriously damaged. The Ossippe Incident caused outrage in both the United States and Spain. In the volatile weeks that followed, President Boreman demanded the release of the Ossippe survivors. Spain refused to release the sailors and instead demanded an apology and a stop to the U.S. supplying the insurrectos. Boreman then retaliated by increasing aid to the rebels and strengthening American naval presence in the Caribbean.

In light of these developments, Spain declared war on the United States on September 12th, 1877 in order to divert public attention abroad and with the belief that the Spanish navy could handle the Americans. This declaration was soon reciprocated by one from Washington, officially starting the Spanish-American War.

The Military State of Affairs

September-October, 1877

America was woefully unprepared when war erupted with Spain in 1877, both at land and on sea. This installment will give a brief description of the American military and its leaders at the beginning of the Spanish-American War.

The Navy



Nathan Goff Jr.
Secretary of the Navy

At the start of the war with Spain the United States found its navy in a sorry condition. The U.S. Navy numbered a paltry 6,400 sailors. Furthermore the American fleet only possessed 51 operational vessels, most of which dated back to the Civil War over 14 years ago. This was a far cry from 1863 when America boasted around 400 warships many of which now in 1877 were either scrapped or mothballed and rusting.

With the sudden outbreak of the war it was up to Nathan Goff Jr., the 34 year old Secretary of the Navy, to bring as many of these mothballed vessels back up to fighting standards as quickly as possible. Although Goff, a Republican politician from the same part of western Virginia as President Boreman, had never served a day at sea history would remember him for his actions during the war as one of the most important figures in U.S. naval history.

The Army


Robert Todd Lincoln
Secretary of War

Over the course of the war Nathan Golf would develop a close friendship with the U.S. Secretary of War, former President Abraham Lincoln’s oldest son Robert Todd Lincoln. Robert Lincoln had missed military service due to attending Harvard during the Civil War. After graduating from Harvard Law School, Lincoln followed in the footsteps of his famous father and became a lawyer. After a few years of practicing law in Illinois, Robert Lincoln entered politics and was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives at the age of 29 in 1872. He served as a Republican Congressman until the election of President Boreman in 1876 when he was offered the position of Secretary of War.

Lincoln had scarcely settled into office when the conflict broke out, and like his friend in the Naval Department, Lincoln scrambled to muster the forces needed to defend the nation. This was not an easy task in late 1877, when the U.S. Army was undermanned, underpaid, and overextended having been occupied since the end of the Civil War with fighting the Indians in the west.


Maj. General William Tecumseh Sherman
Commanding General of the United States Army

Lincoln made a point from the very start of the war to work closely with the Commanding General of the United States Army, 57 year old Major General William Tecumseh Sherman. In conjunction with Secretary Lincoln, Sherman, one of the heroes of Vicksburg and the conqueror of Arkansas and Texas, immediately began shuffling the few Army units on hand to protect the southeastern coastline until naval supremacy could be achieved against the Spanish. Sherman and Lincoln were also able to convince President Boreman to agree that until new forces could be raised (Boreman had at the onset of the war called for 80,000 volunteers) units from the state militias should be called out to protect the east coast.

American War Aims

In early October of 1877 President Boreman held a council of war with General Sherman and Secretaries Goff and Lincoln in the Whitehouse to outline the nation’s goals for the war. First, President Boreman stated that military forces should be built up to defend the American coastline and the Commonwealth of Santo Domino before the military undertook any offensive operations. Secondly, since the war was largely a result of Spain trying to maintain its grip on its New World holdings it was decided that Spain must relinquish control of Cuba and Puerto Rico as a condition for peace (whether these islands would be annexed by the U.S. or granted their independence was not discussed). Nathan Goff then brought up the Spanish colony of the Philippines. After a brief discussion, a consensus was reached that since all available naval assets were need on the east coast, an expedition to the Philippines would only be launched after the Caribbean had been cleared of Spanish forces.

Conclusion

In short, at the start of the war the military of United States was at one of its lowest points in history. It would be up to America’s military leaders, President Boreman, Secretaries Goff and Lincoln, and Maj. General Sherman to see if the young nation could weather the coming storm.

The Beginning of the
Spanish-American War



October-December, 1877

The Opening Engagements

The first major engagement of the war, the Battle of El Verraco, took place on October 28th 1877 when a squadron of American warships under Rear Admiral John Rodgers repulsed a Spanish convoy containing men and supplies in route to Santiago de Cuba. The first land combat of the war occurred two weeks later where, in a surprise move the Spaniards successfully conducted a raid on the city of Bavaro in the Commonwealth of Santo Domingo. The attack on Bavaro was part of Spain’s plan to take advantage of the U.S. territory’s fractured politics by stirring up insurrection in Santo Domingo against the American authorities.

Notable U.S. ground commanders


Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer
1877

With the Spanish-American War taking place roughly 14 years after the conclusion of the Civil War the United States could draw from a vast number of experienced officers and senior NCO’s. The most prominent of these Civil War veterans was of course William T. Sherman who in November of 1877 due to the rapid enlargement of the Army, Congress saw fit to promote to Lieutenant General, a rank that had not been held since George Washington in the Revolutionary War. Other prominent Veterans that would play an important role in the war included Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer and former Confederate General James Longstreet.

Lt. Colonel Custer, who rose to the rank of major during the Civil War, had since made a name for himself as an Indian fighter in the American West. Custer now commanded the 3rd U.S. Cavalry Regiment which had been redeployed from the west to fight the Spanish in the planned invasion of Cuba. James Longstreet had seen extensive action during the Civil War in the eastern theater fighting for the Confederacy and after the war had became the successful owner of a southern railway company. Longstreet had also been one of the few but increasing numerous Southerners to join the Republican Party. Secretary of War Lincoln believed that the war with Spain was a golden opportunity to heal the scars of the Civil War, and that a former Confederate General turned republican supporter would be a public relations masterpiece. As such Lincoln offered Longstreet the command of a division of volunteers then forming in Florida under Corps commander Major General Philip Sheridan. Longstreet accepted the appointment and was awarded the rank of Brigadier General in the United States Army.


A 1876 photo of James Longstreet before he was appointed
a Brigadier General in the United States Army

The Battle of the Keys

The first major engagement of the war took place on Christmas Day 1877 near the Florida Keys when a large taskforce of Spanish ships on its way to interdict shipping and raid the coast of Florida was intercepted by a smaller American force. The battle was technically a Spanish victory as the American force was forced to withdraw after over 5 hours of intense fighting. Interestingly, even though the Spaniards outnumbered the Americans 2 to 1 the Americans over the course of the battle were able to inflict roughly twice as many casualties on the Spanish. This was largely due to the fact that many of Spain’s naval vessels were still largely made out of wood.

The American press at the time greatly exaggerated the damage the Spaniards suffered at the Battle of the Keyes with the Atlanta Journal calling it “one of the most hallow pyrrhic victory in history” and Harpers Weekly even comparing it to the Mexicans defeat at the Alamo. Regardless, the battle did illustrate the important fact that the Spanish Navy was even more backwards than their American opponents, and with more and more American warships coming onto line every month Spanish authorities began forming a plan they hoped would quickly win the war.


USS Saginaw
Sunk at the Battle of the Keys
December 25, 1877

The Battle of Ragged Island



Rear Admiral John Rodgers
United States Navy



January 17, 1878

In what would prove to be the decisive naval engagement of the war, the Battle of Ragged Island took place on January 17, 1878. The battle, which actually took place 20 miles south of the Bahaman island for which it is named, began when a fleet of Spanish warships escorting a relief convoy from Spain was intercepted by the American Fleet under Rear Admiral John Rodgers. The Spanish fleet consisted of 6 armored steam frigates, 3 ironclads, and an assortment of smaller vessels against the American fleet of 4 ironclads, 2 armored Steam frigates, and a corvette.



The flagship of the Spanish Fleet the Numancia, 1877

During the first stage of the battle the Americans slugged it out with their Spanish counterpart for over 3 hours. The turning point came when the ironclad USS Sumner under the command of Captain William T. Sampson rammed the flagship of the Spanish Fleet the Numancia. Struck by the Sumner’s ram below the waterline, the Numancia began to list heavily to its starboard side. However, before going down the Numancia was able to inflict serious damage on the charging USS Sumner. As the Sumner was withdrawing from the wounded Spanish ship, a shot from the Numancia pierced the American ironclad’s armor igniting the ships powder magazine. In an explosion heard as far away as Puerto Arturo, Cuba the Sumner was torn to pieces. The explosion of the Sumner so close to the Numancia has also been sighted as another reason for the quickness with which the Spanish flagship sunk beneath the waves abandoned by her terrified crew.

The sinking of the Numancia caused great confusion amongst the remainder of the Spanish fleet. Rear Admiral Rodgers took advantage of this by ordering his remaining vessels to close with the discombobulated Spaniards. The last hour of the battle saw the Spaniards break off the engagement but only after having suffered additional casualties.

In the end, the Battle of Ragged Island proved costly for both sides. The Spaniards lost their flagship as well as the Vitoria. The Sagunto was heavily damaged and had to be abandoned during the trip back to Spain. In addition to the loss of the Sumner the Steam Frigate USS Poseidon was also lost. Most of the other American ships at the battle also suffered considerable damage. However, the battle did force most of the Spanish Fleet to withdraw from Caribbean. Now with naval superiority, the Americans could commence with the next step in their war plan, the invasion of Cuba.

The Invasion of Cuba



An artist's anachronistic depiction from the early 20th Century of the American landings east of Santiago de Cuba




February-March, 1878

It is widely accepted amongst historians that the American V Corps which invaded Cuba on February 20th, 1878 had one of the highest concentrations of military talent of any army in modern military history. All of the division and regimental commanders had seen extensive combat during the Civil War as had 60% of the V Corps’s officers and 45% of the NCOs. These leaders’ experiences in the Civil War gave them an enormous advantage when fighting the Spanish in Cuba. This installment will give a brief description of the initial American landing in Cuba as well as the American’s order of battle.

Sailing from ports in Florida in mid February, the U.S. Army’s V Corps under the command of Major General James McPherson made a contested landing 15 miles east of Santiago de Cuba. The success of the landings was largely the result of two factors. The first being ample naval gunfire from the supporting U.S. Navy, and the tenacity of V Corps’s 1st Division commander Major General Ulysses S Grant being the second.

After serving with distinction during the Civil War, General Grant had left the Army and returned to Ohio with the intention of making his fortune in business. Sadly, Grant’s luck fared little better after the war than it had before and he soon returned to being heavily indebted. With his business ventures failing Grant was convinced by the local party machine to run as a Republican for governor of the state of Ohio. Grant served two terms as governor from 1870 to 1874, both of which were mired in scandal. When hostilities broke out in 1877, Grant petitioned his friend and former subordinate Lt. General William T. Sherman for a position in the Army. In a move that angered some career army officers, Sherman gave Grant command of the 1st Infantry Division. Although Grant had commanded an entire army during the Civil War, he was glad for any position that would allow him to see action and escape his creditors.

In command of V Corps’s other division was the seasoned veteran Major General John Buford. Buford, who had earned a larger than life reputation fighting the Confederates as a cavalry officer, had stayed in the army after the Civil War seeing considerable service on the western frontier. Operating directly under Buford was Brigadier General Philip Sheridan in command of the Calvary Division’s 1st Brigade. Of the three regimental commanders, George Armstrong Custer and J.E.B Stuart stand out the most, largely due to the bitter rivalry they developed. Both had fought on opposite sides during the Civil War and both were known for their sometimes reckless pursuit of glory. Stuart, who after the Civil War had become a planter and politician in Virginia, was greatly resented by Custer who thought that the inclusion of former Confederates in the war effort was merely the Republican Party’s way of trying to increase its voter base in the South.

Internal quarrels aside, the American invasion force was able over the next two weeks to expand its beachhead and begin laying siege to Santiago. However, taking the city would prove harder than any of these battle hardened leaders could imagine.

The American Order of Battle

Commanding General of the United States Army:
Lt. General William T. Sherman

V Corps: Major General James McPherson

1 Division: Major General Ulysses S. Grant

1st Brigade: Brigadier General James Longstreet

7th U.S. Infantry Regiment
14th U.S. Infantry Regiment
56th U.S. Volunteer Infantry Regiment

2nd Brigade: Colonel Joshua Chamberlain

2nd U.S. Infantry Regiment
11th U.S. Infantry Regiment
24th (Colored) U.S. Infantry Regiment

3rd Brigade: Brigadier General David S. Stanley

9th U.S. Infantry Regiment
13th U.S. Infantry Regiment
6th U.S. Infantry Regiment

Calvary Division: Major General John Buford

1st Brigade: Brigadier General Philip Sheridan

3rd U.S. Calvary Regiment: Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer
1st U.S. Volunteer Calvary: Lt. Colonel J.E.B. Stuart
7th U.S. Calvary Regiment: Colonel Wesley Merritt

The Cuban Campaign





U.S Calvary at the Siege of Santiago de Cuba
April 1878



March - June, 1878

The Siege of Santiago de Cuba

Major General McPherson began besieging the Spanish held city of Santiago de Cuba in earnest in early March of 1878. The city was defended by roughly 12,000 Spanish troops and loyalist Cuban militia. The Spaniards centered their defense along a ridge of fortified hill tops located east of the city known as the San Juan Heights. The Americans gave each hill a numerical designation and began with a frontal attack. The initial American assaults on hills Number 2 and Number 3 were both repulsed. Military historians often sight these engagements as the first major instance where forces armed exclusively with rifles firing self contained cartridges fought one another, the Americans and Spanish forces using the 1872 Springfield and .43 Spanish Remington rifles respectively. Despite this initial setback, a few days later in a spectacular display of daring Hill Number 3 was taken when Lt. Colonel J.E.B Stuart and his 1st Volunteer Calvary carried the position. Stuart's attack was aided by gunfire from a supporting battery of Gatling guns. Not to be outdone, Lt. Colonel Custer of the neighboring 3rd Calvary led, much to the dismay of General Sheridan, a mounted charge against Hill Number 2. Custer captured the position but only after suffering considerable casualties.

As the Americans made slow but steady progress towards Santiago de Cuba through March and April they would face an enemy more deadly than Spanish bullets, Yellow Fever. The lack of clean drinking water only exacerbated the issue and soon thousands of American troops were incapacitated or dying. Despite the constant threat of disease however, the considerable Civil War battlefield experience of the American army took a serious toll on the Spanish forces. Further successful American assaults eventually leading the capture of Santiago de Cuba on April 26th, 1878. The next day General McPherson held a victory parade though the streets of the city where, as he would state years later in his memoirs, “our forces were very well received by the long oppressed population. The streets of the city were so chocked with dancing peasants and recently freed slaves that it took over three hours to reach the city’s central Plaza”.

Stuart and Custer’s Overland Campaign

After news of the fall of Santiago de Cuba had reached Washington, Lt. General Sherman and Secretary of War Robert Lincoln issued their next set of instructions to General McPherson. McPherson’s 1st Corp would be split. Most of the infantry along with the 7th Cavalry would be transported by ship to invest the island’s capital of Havana. Meanwhile Stuart and Custer’s cavalry regiments would be detached and sent on an overland campaign westwards through the island’s lightly defended interior. Stuart and Custer’s columns were meant to support each other, each moving west towards Havana liberating Cuban cities and freeing the island’s slaves as they went. If Havana had not already fallen by the time they reached the island’s capital they were to join in the final assault.

Cooperation between Custer and Stuart broke down almost immediately. Despite having orders that they should support each other’s advance the situation soon turned into a mad dash towards Havana. The two commanders and their respective cavalry regiments competed to see who could liberate the most towns, free the most slaves, and especially cover the most ground. The open rivalry between these two legendary commanders was so well known that bets were placed as far away as Moscow as to who would be the first to reach Havana.

Victory Over Spain




Battle of Havana, 1878​




The Battle of Havana

The last major engagement of the war was the Battle of Havana. Maj. General James McPherson began encircling the island’s capital in the middle of May, 1878. The American forces were bolstered by thousands of Cuban freedom fighters who, with American victory in sight, flocked to the Stars and Stripes. Havana however was strongly defended. The Spanish believed that if they could bleed the Americans a little longer and let the yellow fever continue to decimate their ranks the United States would be willing to discuss a negotiated peace. For the next three weeks, the U.S. Navy bombarded Havana as McPherson’s forces continued to encircle the city. In what would become common place in later wars, McPherson made excellent use of trenches to protect his forces from the defending Spaniards. Trenches however did not negate the fact that the Americans were making painfully slow progress towards taking the city.

On June 2nd 1878, Lt. Colonel J.E.B. Stuart and his exhausted 1st Volunteered Calvary triumphantly joined the besieging American army. Upon his arrival Maj. General Ulysses S. Grant commented to Stuart that it was “a confounded miracle that the North ever won the War of the Rebellion with the South possessing horsemen such as yourself.” Lt. Colonel Custer’s 3rd Calvary arrived at the American camp two days later. It has been reported that Custer was so angry upon learning that Stuart had beat him to Havana that, as one of his subordinates put it, “the good Colonel nearly ripped his long hair out in disgust.”

The finally assault on the city began on the morning of June 21st, 1878. American forces launched a withering four hour artillery barrage on the city’s defenses before ordering a full frontal assault. The Spanish forces put up fierce resistance but were steadily pushed back into the city in what proved to be a determined urban defense.

A few hours into the battle, in a move that has often been criticized by military historians, General McPherson ordered Stuart’s cavalry regiment to exploit a gap in the Spanish defenses and rush into the center of the city. Stuart made surprising good progress until he reached Havana’s Plaza de la Catedral in the center of the city where the 1st Volunteer Cavalry came under heavy fire. Amongst the gunfire, J.E.B. Stuart was mortally wounded when a Spanish bullet pierced his lower abdomen. Stuart was then dragged into the nearby Catedral de San Cristobal where the remnants of his cavalry regiment had taken refuge.


Catedral de San Cristobal Havana Cuba, 1878​

Upon seeing smoke rise from the center of the city, Custer, whose 3rd Calvary had been kept in reserve during the battle, led his regiment, without orders, into the embattled city. Although, Custer would later state that he did this because he “could sense that American lives were in peril” it is more likely that he charged in Havana against orders because he believed that the battle would soon be won and the chance to win glory would be over. Regardless, the 3rd Calvary did reach the hard pressed survivors of Stuart’s regiment. Custer led his men in a dismounted charge through the Plaza, shooting his way into the besieged Catedral de San Cristobal. It what now has become a famous exchange, Custer upon seeing the dying J.E.B. Stuart doffed his hat and said “ Sir, I have arrived!” to which the ailing Stuart replied “ Yes, but as always I was here first.” Both men laughed at the absurdity of situation after which Custer, with the assistance from one of his troopers, a 19 year old Corporal from New York named Theodore Roosevelt, carried Stuart to the top of the Cathedral where together they unfurled the first American flag to fly over the city.

These two daring, if not reckless, cavalry charges into the city center proved too much for the Spaniards who officially surrendered later that day. Interestingly amongst the captured Spanish was an American named William W. Loring from North Carolina. Loring had served as a colonel in the Union army before fighting for the Confederate Army as a General during the Civil War. Following the South’s defeat Loring had even been briefly employed as a military advisor by the Ottoman Sultan before Turkish financial constraints made Loring seek employment with the Spanish Government. Despite pleas from Loring that he had not “actively participated in the resent hostilities” against the American forces he was nonetheless tried and hanged as a traitor ten days later.


William W. Long in the Confederate and Ottoman Armies​

The capture of the city was officially celebrated three days later with a massive parade through the city where, as had almost become customary at this point, the Battle Cry of Freedom was sung with the appropriate lyrical changes tailored for the Spanish.

Yes we'll rally round the flag, boys, we'll rally once again,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom,
We will rally from the Southland, we'll gather from the North,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!

(Chorus)
The Union forever! Hurrah, boys, hurrah!
Down with the tyrants, and up with the stars;
While we rally round the flag, boys, rally once again,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!

We are springing to the call with a million freemen more,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
And we'll fill our vacant ranks of our brothers gone before,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
Chorus
We will welcome to our numbers the loyal, true and brave,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
And although he may be poor, not a man shall be a slave,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
Chorus
So we're springing to the call from the East and from the West,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
And we'll hurl the evil crew from the land we love best,
Shouting the battle cry of freedom!
Chorus

The Treaty of Amsterdam (1878)

With the fall of Havana coming a week after the capture of Puerto Rico it became clear that the war was over. Still, it took over a month before the final peace treaty was signed in the Netherlands. The Treaty of Amsterdam was official signed on July 25th, 1878. Its stipulations were simple; Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the rest of Spain’s West Indian possessions were to be ceded to the United States without compensation. Although some of the American delegates pressed for the annexation of some of Spain’s Pacific territories, the lack of American activity in the Pacific during the war undermined this claimed.

Effects of the War

The Spanish-American War had a large affect on both nations. For the United States, it was a major step in healing the wounds of the Civil War as Southerners and Northerners both fought valiantly against a foreign enemy. The United States also greatly increased its Caribbean holdings which now included Cuba, Santo Domingo, Puerto Rico, and a few other minor islands. The United States would also soon undergo several military reforms in light of lessons learned from the war. This victory though had not come cheap. The war, although lasting less than 11 months, cost the Americans 1,352 men killed and many more wounded or wrecked by disease.

Spain however, suffered much worse, losing an estimated 7,800 men killed and wounded. Furthermore having lost the the last remnants of their New World empire, the ruling military junta was overthrown and Spain was plunged yet again into civil war.

In the end, the Spanish-American War marked an important turning point in American history. For the first time in its history the United States had soundly beat a European Power and proved to the world that it was a force to be reckoned with.




The 1880s


Part 1: The United States




Boston, Massachusetts in the 1880's





The United States

The 1880s was a largely uneventful time for the United States as the nation continued to industrialize and settle its western territories. The following are a few highlights from this mostly forgotten decade in American history.

The 1880 Presidential Election and the Cuban Question

In the 1880 Presidential Elections, President Arthur Boreman was reelected by a narrow margin over Democratic candidates Thomas S. Bayard of Delaware and his running mate Samuel J. Randall of Pennsylvania. Boreman’s victory was mainly attributed to the victory over Spain two years earlier. However, the issue of what to do with America’s newfound Caribbean holdings divided the nation. Some, mostly radical republicans, wanted to grant the territories full independence. Other’s feared the addition of more non-whites into the nation, but still wanted to reap the financial benefits. These politicians, mostly Democrats, favored a policy of lording over the islands as protectorates. Boreman however wished for islands to one day to be able to join the Union, stating that those islands “rightfully belong to America as it was American blood which paid for their freedom.” Furthermore, America had intervened at the tail end of Cuba’s losing fight for freedom against the Spanish and as such few native leaders were left to lead an independent Cuba. With this in mind, and by two close votes in Congress, Cuba and Puerto Rico joined Santo Domingo as U.S. Territories. Although there were some in Cuba which resented being annexed by the United States, many saw it as an alternative to the anarchy and civil war which had prevailed for most of the 1870's.

The Panic of 1883

A severe but short lived economic depression hit the United States in 1883. Historians mostly cite the cause of this downturn in economic activity as a result of over speculation on American gold reserves. The economy rebounded by the end of 1885, and continued to grow rapidly well into the 1890’s.

The Democrats Return to Power: The Election of President Samuel J. Randall


Samuel J. Randall
Democrat from Pennsylvania
19th President of the United States of America

With the nation in the grips of a severe economic recession, the American voters decided that the time was ripe for a political shakeup. The 1884 elections saw the first Democratic President elected since James Buchanan in 1856. Samuel J. Randall, an influential Congressman from Pennsylvania, and his Vice Presidential candidate David B. Hill of New York, easily beat the Republican ticket of former Vice President James Blaine of Maine and Chester A. Arthur of New York.

Randall proved to be a popular President, winning reelection in 1888 against Republican challenger John Sherman of Ohio, the younger brother of Lt. General William T Sherman. In foreign policy Randall pursued a more isolationist path than his Republican predecessor, largely keeping America out of European affairs. President Randall was also a moderate in domestic affairs, leaving issues such as civil rights, statehood for the Caribbean territories, and women’s suffrage untouched. Arguably the most enduring legacy of the Randall Administration was the repeated allegations of corruption and scandals which plagued his years in office.

States Admitted to the Union during the 1880s

North Dakota: March 6, 1885
South Dakota: March 6, 1885
Washington: February 23. 1886
Montana: November 4, 1886
Wyoming: July 3, 1887
Idaho: November 17, 1887

The 1880s


Part 2: Imperial France





Under Napoleon IV, the Second French Empire prospered during the 1880s by continuing to industrialize and expand at a rapid pace. France purchased the Philippine Islands from Spain in 1879 from the cash strapped republican government that was then temporarily in power. France also gained control of Egypt during a brief war in 1883 after a series of anti-European riots, which France claimed were orchestrated by the unruly Khedive Tewfik Pasha, led to a successful French invasion. Napoleon IV relished following in the footsteps of his great-uncle and even visited the conquered province in 1885. Possession of Egypt also guaranteed French control of the Suez Canal of which Britain was a partial stockholder. Although officially the United Kingdom supported the French invasion, many historians have cited the 1883 Franco-Egyptian War as an important beginning step in the deterioration of Anglo-French relations.

During the 1880s, Imperial France strengthened its alliances with other empires. The Austro-Hungarian Empire remained chief amongst France’s allies who, like France, wished to see Italy and Prussia’s ambitions kept in checked. In the Americas, France found a receptive ally in the Empire of Brazil who welcomed French investment in exchange for Brazilian natural resources. It was also during the 1880s that France began to align its self with the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans saw the French as a potential counterweight to the British who were expanding their holdings in Arabia, and to the Russians, the Turks age old enemy to the north.

A world map from the end of the 1880s.



















 
The Union Forever

The Union Forever: A TL
Please discuss this TL here




Hello everyone, the following is the start of a TL based on a different Peninsular Campaign in 1862. It is my intention to follow this TL if it proves popular enough past the Civil War and into the Twentieth Century. This TL hopefully will also demonstrate the powerful effect that small butterflies can have over time. Speculation and suggestions are more than welcome. Cheers.

Background

January-May 1862;

Union fortunes were looking up in the early months on 1862. After a largely lackluster performance for most of 1861 Federal troops had scored a series of impressive victories against the South. General Grant had captured the Confederate Forts Donnellson and Henry on February 6th and 16th respectively opening up the Tennessee and Cumberland rivers. Nashville, then the capital of Tennessee, fell by the end of the Month. The Union even managed a costly victory at the Battle of Shiloh on April 7th. General Pope captured Island Number 10 on the Mississippi River and over 7,000 prisoners on April 8th. Further south the largest port in the Confederacy fell to Admiral Farragut and General Butler on May 1st crippling the confederate’s use of the Mississippi River. Union forces were also making impressive headway by capturing points along the Confederate coastline.

Confederate reverses had severely dampened Confederate spirits. Indeed, when Jefferson Davis was formally installed as the President of the Confederate States of America (Previously he had just been provisional president) on a rainy day in Richmond when an onlooker asked one of Davis’s footmen why he and President Davis were dressed in black suites the footman responded with “Well Ma’am this is how we always have done in Richmond for funerals and such.”[1] And with the large Army of the Potomac hovering north of the city many in the Confederacy were wondering whether their secessionist experiment might soon unravel.

The Beginning of the Peninsular Campaign and General McClellan’s Accident

With these successes in the west, Lincoln naturally pressed for similar results in the east. However President Lincoln and his eastern generals differed as to the performed method. He personally wished for, what appeared to him to be the obvious choice for, an overland campaign from Washington to destroy Johnston’s Army. The President however eventually bowed to General McClellan’s plan to land the Army of the Potomac on the coast of Virginia and then move onto Richmond.

The Union had been making steady but painfully slow progress up the Peninsular between the James and York Rivers sense March 1863 captured Yorktown, the former colonial capital of Williamsburg, and the vital naval base of Norfolk (the Confederates destroyed the CSS Merrimack to prevent her from falling into Union hands).

May 12, 1862; General McClellan must have been feeling very pleased with himself after the resent capture of Norfolk against what he consistently believed to be “vastly superior rebel numbers.” Whether this sense of overconfidence helped McClellan not see the shard of metal in the road on that spring morning however is lost to history. Around 8:00am after a light breakfast with some of his lieutenants, McClellan mounted his horse Baldy to inspect the camp and make his rounds amongst his troops. Unfortunately for McClellan however Baldy while trotting at a good pace along a fence line near Headquarters picked up 6 inch sliver of metal that had been protruding from the road (whether this piece of metal was placed there intentionally has never been proven). Because of the speed at which Baldy had been traveling the shard went through the frog of the forward right hoof. McClellan, despite being a confident horseman was thrown when Baldy came to an abrupt and jerking stop. McClellan would in all probability have been fine if it was not for the fence that ran alongside the road. As McClellan fell the fence caught him in the lower back breaking his spine. Captain Jeremiah O’Connor, one of McClellan’s aids was the first to reach McClellan. McClellan’s first words to O’Connor after realizing that he could not move his legs were “Who will save the Union now?.”


General McClellan
Army of the Potomac
Commander: July 26, 1861-May 13, 1862


General Sumner takes Command
and
the Death of Stonewall Jackson




Maj. Gen. Sumner
Commander
Army of the Potomac


After being examined, Army surgeon Charles A. Hoffmann stated what McClellan already knew, that he was paralyzed from the waist down. News quickly spread of General McClellan’s incapacitation. The soldiers of the Army of the Potomac were needless to say devastated by the news of their “Little Mac’s” fall especially in the middle of a campaign. When President Lincoln heard the news, Lincoln is reported to have sighed, hung his head, and muttered “the one time the General takes my advice to move quickly he breaks his back.” To many this seems to have come at the worst time while Confederate General Stonewall Jackson was making himself a profound nuisance in the Shenandoah Valley and the Army of the Potomac was tied up on the Peninsula. Although despite cables from McClellan that he could still command from his HQ, Lincoln and Halleck both agreed that he would need to be evacuated and a new commander appointed.


With only limited discussion they both decided that Brig. General Edwin Vose Sumner, then the commander of the Army of the Potomac’s II Corps, would take command, Sumner the logical choice being the senior General officer on the Peninsular. When word reached General Sumner of his appointed as commander along with his pending promotion to Major General he remarked “Leave it to General McClellan to hand me a situation like this.” Sumner however was, as events would soon prove, more than up to the task.


Meanwhile, the Union was suffering some staggering reverses in the Shenandoah Valley. Confederate Maj. General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson had, with his few thousand troops, been scoring a series of victories against the north in the Shenandoah Valley since March in an effective effort to divert Union reinforcements from reaching McClellan on the Peninsula. Union forces had been largely unsuccessful in stopping Jackson despite their superior numbers.

However, Jackson’ impressive skill and luck did eventually run out. Confederate Maj. General Richard S. Ewell’s troops had been ordered to be withdrawn from the Valley in an effort to reinforce Richmond on May 20th, 1862 (Despite pleas for Robert E. Lee to leave Ewell in the Valley to assist Jackson, Jefferson Davis ordered Ewell’s redeployment because he believed that with the removal of McClellan a move against the supposedly weekend Army of the Potomac should take priority.)Jackson and the few remaining thousands of his foot cavalry were engaged by General Banks’ forces near the city of Strasbourg, Virginia on May 22nd. The battle seemed to be going well for the Confederates until Jackson, who was standing as did “Like a stone wall”, was struck from his horse by a Union bullet to the neck. Jackson bleed out within minutes and the sorrow and confusion surrounding his death led to the Union emerging victorious capturing the bulk of the late Stonewall’s men.


Gen. Stonewall Jackson moments before he was shot and killed.
May 22nd, 1862

Sumner’s Advance



May 25th- May 30th, 1862

General Sumner upon inheriting command of the Army of the Potomac wasted no time in continuing to drive up the Peninsular towards Richmond. News of Stonewall Jackson’s death at Strasbourg, Virginia was welcomed news as this meant that Union Maj. General John Pope’s Army of Virginia was now free to press the Confederates from the North.

The Confederates were in a bind.. Richmond was in serious danger of becoming encircled with Sumner’s Army of the Potomac advancing up the Peninsular in the east and Pope’s Army of Virginia heading south, placing it in a position to envelope the city north, west, and maybe even cut Richmond’s supply lines from the south. Furthermore, Southern morale was plummeting and desertions rose as a result of the Yankees advancing ever closer to the Confederate capital in addition to the death of Stonewall Jackson.

Jeff Davis along with his military aid General Robert E. Lee met with General Johnston at his HQ on May 25th. Davis, with Lee’s encouragement, felt that Johnston should move offensively against Sumner on the Peninsula. They felt that if the Army of the Potomac suffered a serious reversal (Jeff Davis was operating on the ultimately unfounded conviction that the death of General McClellan had crippled the AotP’s morale) it would retreat down the Peninsula allowing Confederate forces to then turn against Pope in the north. Johnston however, largely due to his numerical inferiority, believed in a more defensive strategy. He hoped that Sumner would grind his army to a pulp as the Army of Northern Virginia fell back onto Richmond. Johnston also suggested that Ewell’s troops, bolstered by some reinforcements from his own army, could hold Pope’s force in check. Davis for now agreed to Johnston’s defensive strategy but stated that if an opportunity to move against Sumner appeared that Johnston should take it.

The Battle of the Chickahominy
and
the Fall of Richmond


Union forces at the onset of the Battle of the Chickahominy​

June 1-June 6th, 1862

What became known as the Battle of the Chickahominy (The Four Days Battle to the South) started with General Sumner leading a general advance against the Confederate defensive positions outside of Richmond on June 1st, 1862. Although Johnston had diverted troops to prop up his northern defenses the Confederates managed to hold their works against Union attacks for most of June 1st and June 2nd. On the evening of June 2nd in light of the apparent Southern success Davis ordered Johnston to attack the Army of the Potomac in the morning. Although Johnston was wary of switching to the offensive, he realized the significance that a successful attack would have (Historians have also debated whether Johnston feared being relieved by Davis if he refused to attack). On June 3rd Johnston ordered a counterattack against the Union’s left south of the Chickahominy. The resulting Confederate attacks pushed the Federal forces under General Keyes back almost a mile. However around 4:00pm the Confederate forces, who had suffered heavy casualties, ran out of steam as they encountered Union entrenchments anchored a few hundred yards from the Chickahominy River. By 5:30 general Johnston was forced to call off the advance.

On the night of June 3rd both sides stopped to mull over the situation. Davis and Johnston were relatively pleased with the day’s results. The Federals had been pushed back and Davis believed that Sumner would at least withdraw his troops to the north side of the Chickahominy to consolidate his forces. Sumner however, had different plans. Sumner believed, correctly as events would show, that Johnston’s center must have been stretched dangerously thin and that he probably did not expect the North to resume the battle the next day. That night Sumner ordered Sedgwick’s corps to prepare pontoon bridges for use the next morning. At a council of war Gen. Sumner convened that night his Generals were surprised to hear that despite the day’s losses, the Army of the Potomac would again attack the Confederates, who were now exposed outside of their defenses, led by a river assault by Sedgwick’s s II Corps.

Around 7:30 am on June 4th, the Union line exploded by launching one of the heaviest artillery barrages of the war. Within an hour the Union’s left and centered were surging against the weakened Confederate lines. The Union’s right under General Porter was also making considerable headway and was threatening to turn the Confederate left. By 1:00pm the Confederate right was in danger of being cut off by Sedgwick’s advance and began a headlong retreat west towards Richmond. The Union continued to advance the rest of the day and although casualties were high on both sides the Confederates, due to their inferior numbers, were forced to fall back to within only a few miles of Richmond itself.

On the night of June 4th President Jefferson Davis was forced to listen to the advice of Johnston and Lee who informed him that Richmond must be abandoned. There decision to evacuate Richmond was also influenced by an erroneous report that Ewell had been defeated by Gen. Pope at Gordonsville, Virginia the same day (In reality Pope had in the end been checked by Ewell and had fallen back). Regardless, much of the Confederate governments records and treasury had already been packed and was ordered shipped to Greensboro, North Carolina. Jefferson Davis and most of the other members of the Confederate Government left Richmond on June 5th, 1862.

The Battle of Richmond was anticlimactic as Confederate forces fighting a regard action, moved through the city heading south. On the morning of June 6th, 1862 Union forces entered the capital of the Confederacy. When the Stars and Stripes was raised over the Virginia statehouse a Union private yelled to General Sumner “If only Little Mac could see us now!”


Richmond, June 6th, 1862

Confederate Choices



Union troops relaxing
Richmond, Virgina
June, 1862


June 7th-June 12th 1862

When Abraham Lincoln, pacing around the Washington telegraph office as he often did, received the news of the fall of Richmond he is reported to have jumped for joy so high that he hit his head on the office’s ceiling. Indeed the entire North was electrified by the fall of the Confederate capital. Harper’s Weekly ran above a full page illustration of General Sumner the headline “The Conqueror of the Confederacy”. Even the usually somber New York Times blared “Glorious News, Richmond Rightfully Ours!”

If the North was ecstatic, needless to say Confederate moral was devastated by the loss of Richmond. The fall of Richmond was a serious blow to Confederate hopes of receiving foreign recognition. Confederate agent John Slidell in a letter addressed to President Davis from London about a week after receiving news of Richmond’s capture stated “The loss of our capital has silenced almost all discussion here of recognition of our Southern republic. “ On June 10th as the Army of Northern Virginia continued to head south Davis relieved General Johnston and placed General Robert E. Lee in command. Lee moved the Army of Northern Virginia to a position a few miles south of Petersburg, Virginia to lick his army’s wounds. Lee had to double the night watch around his camp as desertions, especially amongst Virginian troops, continued to increase at an alarming rate. General Ewell’s forces, who had bested Union Gen. Pope at Gordonsville, were being hurriedly routed to reinforce Lee before they were cut off by Northern troops.



Gen. Robert E. Lee
Army of Northern Virginia
Commander

On June 12th, Jefferson Davis, along with Confederate Secretary of War George W. Randolph, met with General Lee at his Headquarters. All three of the men present knew that if the military situation couldn’t be righted and quickly, the Southern cause was lost. But what to do? It appeared to Davis that he was ever increasingly in a no win scenario. Basic military strategy would dictate that the weaker force (i.e. the South) should be on the defensive. However the defensive strategy the Confederacy had been pursuing since the start of the war seemed now to have met with almost nothing but defeats. If they continued on the defensive it would appear that the Confederacy would continue to be slowly strangled by the encircling Union armies. If Davis went over to the offensive however the potential loss of Lee’s Army would be an irreversible calamity.



Flag of the Army of Northern Virginia, 1862


Events however, were becoming desperate. Desertions were skyrocketing, the value of Confederate money was plummeting, and several in the Confederacy were now beginning to contemplate rejoining the Union if only a guarantee of slavery could be made. The later sentiment was especially strong in the states of Tennessee and Virginia which were now largely in Union hands. If these states reverted back into the Union, Davis believed, the Confederacies chances of survival would become slim indeed. Therefore, despite the discrepancies in strength, it was agreed that as soon as possible General Lee should move against the Army of the Potomac along with a similar offensive push by Confederate Armies in the Western theater.
 
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