Here Lieth A Phoenix: Jane Seymour, Queen of England

She-Wolf of England
What Henry would never have expected of his sweet and demure third wife was that she would go down in history as the she-wolf of England, hated by Shakespeare who referred to her as "the cruel Jane" as she rejected the break with Rome and repealed Henry's religious laws, returning the English church to the Roman jurisdiction. Jane was a young Englishwoman who had been a political pawn when she was married to the English king, and while he was alive she had been very popular, but in her widowhood, she was accused of causing Henry's insanity and of murdering him as well as plunging England into great chaos with Protestant states, she was seen as an example of destructive ambition alongside Isabella of France and Margaret of Anjou. Only the last accusation was true as Henry had NOT been insane but rather in deep turmoil over his succession crisis, lack of control over his subjects, fear of aging as well as the jousting injuries that never fully healed and he had died of a leg infection while she was nowhere near him, but of course, this did not make a good story for Shakespeare's sharp pen. She ordered the exiles of many rich Protestants who refused to convert but was careful to ensure none died as she would not create martyrs for heretics to rally she would deposit them to places such as the Netherlands and Italy, she would even ensure their trip was comfortable and that they could bring their loved ones away with them so that they would never return and infect England with their heresy. Very often inside her mind she cursed her husband for leaving her with a disintegrating country and a mistrusted administration and if she had to listen to idiot men drone on and on about how her womanhood made her unsuitable for ruling England then she would snap and start killing them...well if she could get away with it without instantly being blamed then she would.
Edward was, but Jane doesn't seem to have been. Her tendency towards Catholicism seems perfectly reasonable to me.

Given that Jane (apparently) wanted to become a nun as a child, I highly doubt she was Protestant in the slightest.

Edward and Thomas were but Jane was NOT, and in this timeline her brothers are nowhere in power...
Thank you all. I never knew that, and am always glad to learn.
Affairs of the Heart
Although Jane would never remarry, she could not deny her secret passion for the Marquess of Northampton, William Parr who was a very attractive and well-spoken man who, unlike every other man she knew (and one day her sons would be included in this), did not crave power, was not crafty or cunning like all men at court should have been, and lived a quiet life. His marriage was miserable and hers formerly had been. They secretly struck up an illicit affair and she was not concerned about another pregnancy as she knew he was infertile...she also knew he would keep quiet if he wished for his head to be attached to his lovely neck and besides, the sex was very good so he was not about to risk losing that for the sake of was lucky that he knew how to sneak around in silence. She did not get along so well with his sister Katherine though, who was rumored to be having an affair with her brother Thomas. Well Jane supposed that this Katherine Parr had horrible taste in men if she was genuinely interested in her brother, but it was not like she had to know it (as she unlike her Boleyn predecessor was NOT into incest).
In 1540 she learned that her stepdaughter Mary had given birth to another son with her husband, whom she had named Edward after her beloved brother...this news only exacerbated Jane's anxieties for her sons as both fell ill to some sort of malady that was floating around England. It wasn't the sweating sickness, thank God, but she did not know the cause - yet it broke her heart to hear both her boys coughing constantly with nothing being able to stop it. They were unable to stomach anything as it would get coughed right back up. She was desperate, trying her hardest with her doctors to heal her poor boys; she had never in her life prayed as much as she did during their illnesses...
First Meetings
Jane, Queen of England was cradling her sons in her arms as she met with the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, Mary's cousin, alongside his ambassador Chapuys. She noted with pleasure that the Emperor seemed to appreciate her little sons - he had even offered to hold them for a moment, much to Chapuys' surprise. It was established that King Edward would be betrothed to Joanna of Austria, daughter of Charles V. Henry had already done a proxy ceremony with the dauphin's daughter, Catherine, which would ensure stronger familial ties if both matches went through. The girl was pale with dark hair and eyes bearing a great resemblance to her father. Thankfully the two children seemed to get along well, staring at each other with curiosity. If only Edward was not still sickly, while Henry was strong and hearty...
Queen of Scotland, Duchess of York
Edward and Henry were both able to walk around now, in addition to being able to talk. The French betrothal was broken due to the fact that the dauphin did not want his daughter to marry a second son, infuriating Jane, until she realized there was a much better opportunity on the horizon for her younger son. The young queen of Scotland, Mary Stewart was not engaged to anybody and England and Scotland had a long if not always pleasant history together, plus it would help ruin that pesky Auld Alliance which Jane was beginning to hate due to the fact that France and Scotland both had histories of screwing England over...she offered up young Henry as consort for the Scottish queen. It would avoid a union which was feared greatly by her late husband (though personally she thought this fear was completely stupid but she needed to use Henry's memory to guide her in ruling his subjects). Sure it was likely that a union would happen anyway, as Jane sadly was beginning to slowly accept that maybe Edward wouldn't live long enough to have children of his own, but it was not guaranteed and that possibility of independence soothed the fears of Marie of Guise, regent of Scotland. Queen Mary was shipped over to England but there was a promise in the wedding that Prince Henry would eventually live in Scotland with her (well unless he became king of England).
Mary Tudor, Queen of France
A second Mary Tudor became Queen of France upon the death of Francis I of France. Unlike her aunt however, this Mary had lived a much harder life due to being at the mercy of her father's stupid insistence on having a male heir, as if being female automatically meant that you could not possibly rule (and she wondered how he would explain the reign of Isabella of Castile, who was not only very powerful and successful but had also been married to a foreign monarch, a combination which the late Henry VIII seemed to think was impossible?) and being male automatically meant that you could. Well, the crown of England was not within her grasp but she did not need it now. Her French marriage was very happy unlike her aunt's - her younger and attractive husband did his marital duty with great enthusiasm (although it was not difficult, as Mary was much prettier than Catherine de' Medici had been), she adored her stepdaughter whom she treated as her own child, and she was now the mother of her own six beautiful and HEALTHY children (because the health was most important), three of them being boys. She had heard many tragic tales of her lost five siblings, especially the brothers who could have secured an easier and happier life for herself. Well God always had His will and it was not up to her to fight it. She was now queen of France and she would finally be able to rule in a way that would make her mother and grandmother proud of her, right?

Mary Tudor (b. 1516) married Henry II of France (b. 1519) in 1538
1. Henri, Dauphin of France (b. 1538)
2. Edward, Fils de France (b. 1540)
3. Marie, Fille de France (b. 1541)
4. Francois, Fils de France (b. 1543)
5. Louise, Fille de France (b. 1545)
6. Claude, Fille de France (b. 1547)
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Duchess Katherine
There were many women named Katherine in the courts of the Tudors, but three particular duchesses bearing this name are most notable: Katherine Willoughby, the Dowager Duchess of Suffolk; Katherine Howard, the Duchess of Northumberland and Katherine Parr, the Duchess of Richmond. All very cultured and intelligent ladies, they would become allies and eventual good friends of the Queen Mother, which was what they owed their fame to. The three Katherines would become mothers and grandmothers of formidable women who practically rewrote the history books: the eldest daughter of Katherine Howard and John Dudley, the 2nd Duke of Northumberland, Elizabeth Dudley (NOT to be mistaken with her cousin Elizabeth Tudor, Marquess of Pembroke and the beloved wife of Robert Dudley), would later become the very scandalous and politically outspoken mistress and true love of Henry (and it was rumored that she was also having an affair with Queen Mary Stewart, who doted upon her), while Jane's niece (Thomas and Katherine Parr's daughter) Mary Seymour ended up as the queen of Spain and devoted her reign to promoting English interests. Carlos, oldest son of Philip II had fallen in love with her at first sight and eloped with her, "forcing" Philip II to marry Elisabeth of Valois himself (but it is suspected by modern historians that this was a ploy by father and son so that they could both end up with the woman they loved). But by far the most remarkable was the sole granddaughter of Charles Brandon and Katherine Willoughby, Maria Brandon, who secretly married the second son of Henry Tudor and Mary Stewart but became queen and ruled with an iron fist, and later chopped off her hair and became a pirate after being widowed, having a long and successful career in the oceans before dying in her nineties. Maria Brandon's fierce outspoken nature, political activism and brilliant military tactics caused her to be seen as the true king instead of her weak-minded husband, son and grandson and she would be immortalized forever as "Queen of the Land and the Sea" due to the large amount of booty she collected and took back to England.
Family Trees
Henry VIII (1491-1537) married Katherine of Aragon (1485-1536) in 1509, annulled in 1533 [a] married Anne Boleyn (1501/1507-1536) in 1533, annulled in 1536 married Jane Seymour (1508-1588) [c] took as mistress Elizabeth Blount (1500-1540) [d] with issue by all
1a. Mary (1516-1558) married Henry II of France (1519-1559) in 1538 with issue
2d. Henry Fitzroy (1519-1536) married Mary Howard (1519-1557) in 1533 without issue
3b. Elizabeth (1533-1603) married Robert Dudley (1532-1588) in 1550 with issue
4c. Edward VI (1537-1553) married Joanna of Austria (1535-1573) without surviving issue
5c. Henry IX (1537-1600) married Mary Queen of Scots (1542-1612) in 1555 with issue

Katherine Willoughby (1519-1580) married Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk (1484-1545) in 1533
1. Henry Brandon, 2nd Duke of Suffolk (1535-1551) never married and no issue
2. Charles Brandon, 3rd Duke of Suffolk (1537-1582) married Mary Grey (1545-1578) in 1565
- Maria Brandon, Duchess of Suffolk (1566-1658) married James VI and I, King of England and Scotland (1566-1625) in 1580
- Charles Brandon (1567-1581) never married and no issue
- miscarriage (1569)
- stillborn (1571)
- Henry Brandon (1573-1579) never married and no issue
- Edward Brandon (1575-1580) never married and no issue
- miscarriage (1578)

Katherine Howard (1523-1560) married John Dudley, 2nd Duke of Northumberland (1527-1570) in 1542
1. John Dudley, 3rd Duke of Northumberland (1542-1599) married Helena Snakenborg (1548-1635) with issue
2. Elizabeth Dudley (1544-1607) married William Paulet, 3rd Marquess of Winchester (1532-1598) with issue
3. Katherine Dudley (1546-1580) never married and no issue
4. miscarriage (1549)
5. Agnes Dudley (1551-1557) never married and no issue
6. Joyce Dudley (1553-1590) married Henry Grey, 6th Earl of Kent (1541-1615) with issue
7. Thomas Dudley (1556-1567) never married and no issue
8. Edmund Dudley (1558-1560) never married and no issue
9. miscarriage (1560)

Katherine Parr (1512-1572) married Thomas Seymour, 1st Duke of Richmond (1508-1560) in 1543
1. Thomas Seymour, 2nd Duke of Richmond (1543-1580) married Anne Russell (1548-1604) in 1564 with issue
2. Mary Seymour (1545-1599) married Charles II of Spain (1545-1620) in 1560 with issue
3. Elizabeth Seymour (1547-1555) never married and no issue
4. Edward Seymour (1548-1605) married Anne Hastings (1548-1590) in 1562 [a] married Elizabeth Brydges (1578-1614) in 1600 in with issue by both
5. John Seymour (1550-1556) never married and no issue
6. Katherine Seymour (1552-1611) married Edmund Carey (1558-1637) in 1575 with issue

Mary Tudor (1516-1558) married Henry II of France (1519-1559) in 1538
1. Henry III of France (1538-1609) married Margaret of Austria (1536-1567) in 1552 [a] married Anna de Medici (1553-1600) in 1567 with issue by both
2. Claude, Fille de France (1540-1600) married with issue
3. Marie, Fille de France (1541) married with issue
4. Francois, Fils de France (1543-1596) married with issue
5. Louis, Fils de France (1545-1602) married with issue
6. Francoise, Fille de France (1547-1616) married with issue

Elizabeth Tudor (1533-1603) married Robert Dudley (1532-1588) in 1550
1. miscarriage (1550)
2. Robert Dudley (1552-1600) married with issue
3. Elizabeth Dudley (1553-1615) married Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford (1550-1604) in 1565 with issue
4. miscarriage (1555)
5. Anne Dudley (1557-1617) married with issue
6. John Dudley (1558-1620) married with issue
7. Edmund Dudley (1560-1633) married with issue
8. miscarriage (1562)
9. Edward Dudley (1564-1629) married with issue
10. Henry Dudley (1566-1616) married with issue
11. Mary Dudley (1568-1604) married with issue
12. miscarriage (1570)
13. Margaret Dudley (1571-1622) married with issue
14. miscarriage (1572)
15. Jane Dudley (1573-1640) married with issue

Any help with matches are greatly appreciated.
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The King is Dead, Long Live the King!
Edward was dead just six months after his wedding and Jane's heart was completely shattered, she had never wept so many bitter tears before. Sure he had been sickly but she didn't think it was THAT bad, he was still dancing the night before, for God's sake! And yet here he lay before her, cold and still, never to open his eyes and smile at her again. Joanna, Archduchess of Austria, Infanta of Castile and Aragon, Princess of Burgundy and now the new Dowager Queen of England had miscarried their only child, the only thing that had been left of her precious Edward, both women sobbed in each other's arms after the blood had been cleaned off. Joanna would return to Spain soon, she had received her father's orders and he intended to conceal that she was not a virgin so that he could remarry her to the Portuguese crown prince. Now Henry IX and his Scottish wife ruled England, just as Henry VIII had always feared, but Jane could not bring herself to care about what her late husband would have thought. Sure she could go seek comfort in William Parr again but she had this sneaking suspicion that he was beginning to tire of her...well, she could think more on such matters after her second and now only son was crowned.
Elizabeth Tudor & Jane Grey
Elizabeth Tudor and Jane Grey were very similar: two beautiful, prodigiously smart girls with controversial dead mothers who had a claim to the English throne and fell for Dudley men (Robert and Guildford respectively). The two girls had been raised together as companions, Elizabeth never minded the earnest chattering that Jane was so fond of and Jane delighted in Elizabeth's intellectual banter. They had many times run through the meadows hand-in-hand, carefree and laughing, as young girls and even as old women they looked back upon these memories with fondness. Jane Seymour, Queen Mother of England had taken both girls in and raised them after they were both orphaned. Though it was quite clear that the queen did not much care for either of them personally, and never tried to bond with them, she was never cruel or harsh and was very generous with her money, giving many gifts to them throughout their childhood. But the fair treatment towards both Elizabeth and Jane removed any possibility of resentment or jealousy and the two girls grew to be sisters in all but blood, also being close advisors to the king Henry IX and his wife, the Scottish queen Mary Stewart (though Elizabeth secretly and personally deeply hated the king's mistress, another marchioness named Elizabeth Dudley who she did NOT consider her cousin).
Jane & Henry
There had been two men in her life named Henry who looked very similar to each other, but they could not be more different in personality. While her husband and eldest son had been arrogant and temperamental, interested in learning but more interested in gaining advantages, her second son was kind and generous to a fault and it broke Jane's heart to realize such a character would be ruthlessly abused by his courtiers, even as she herself tried to grab for more power, more wealth. She had always feared getting ill - look at the many siblings she'd lost to illnesses - but her health had been hale and hearty until her marriage, when she had worried herself sick over having sons. Oh, how difficult her childbirth had been! There had been so much blood, and she had felt so faint, and she had been bedridden until her husband's funeral was over. But it had brought her Edward and Henry, her two sons, the truest and deepest loves she had ever had. Her precious, beloved sons who she had devoted everything into, ensuring they grew up NOT following the heresy of their father, and she was very proud of herself as she stood and watched their coronations with their wives besides them. Sure she herself had never been crowned but she did not mind, not when she was addressed and treated as the queen, not when her daughters-in-law - both of them with far more prestigious ancestry - were willing to obey her and cater to her. But she had to admit that she had rather neglected her second son in comparison to her firstborn. Understandable as Edward had been born king whereas his brother was expected to play a subservient role, but Edward's death meant Henry became the ninth of his name and England and Scotland were united after all. She had a much better relationship with Henry IX than the one she had with Henry VIII - there was no intimidation, no threats, no desperately mounting pressure. Her son adored her and actually listened to her, which was more than she could say for his father...
Henry & Mary
In the sixteenth century, there were two couples named Henry and Mary who ruled together. One was based in France, the other was based in England (although frequently moved back and forth with Scotland). Both proved to be loving marriages, although there was always a third party (Diane de Poitiers and Elizabeth Dudley respectively) who haunted the royal king's heart. But where Mary Tudor and Diane de Poitiers had a bitter and contentious rivalry that only ended with Mary's death, Mary Stewart and Elizabeth Dudley established a good friendship with each other, close to the point where people suspected an affair between the two. Elizabeth Dudley bore many bastards to the king alongside the children she bore to her husband, William Paulet, and Mary Stewart had them raised alongside her own. The force of Henry IX's wife and mistress together demonstrated to be too strong for any man to resist, especially when you included the half-sister and cousin of the king (Elizabeth Tudor and Jane Grey) and that quartet of powerful women de facto ruled England as Henry IX was very keen to listen to the advice of his family...