For Want of A Sandwich - A Franz Ferdinand Lives Wikibox TL

I take it MIS is TTL's equivalent to the United Aircraft Corporation, so to speak, assuming MIS stands for "Mikoyan-Sukhoi"? Also, is Wong Aeronautics based on any Chinese aviation stuff IOTL? Finally, as the non-Africans are all dead or already fled, I assume most people who have fled Azania in recent years are (underground) Christians/Muslims amongst the African population?
 
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@MaskedPickle I'm very sorry to ask here but I am wondering if you ever plan to make your previously suggested "A Huge Sucking Sound" timeline from here a reality: https://www.alternatehistory.com/fo...ould-i-do-after-a-giant-sucking-sound.419122/
Here's your description of it that you posted back in June of 2017: "Donald Trump decides to run in 1988 and wins. Expect it as a spiritual successor and some sort of reboot to a Giant Sucking Sound. Featuring f*cked up Latin America, a hardened Soviet Union and a stronger Europe."
It did reach 47 votes in the poll you posted, just two shy of being tied for first place with this timeline. I just want to know if you will either reboot A Giant Sucking Sound or start this new A Huge Sucking Sound once this timeline reaches its conclusive end. I vaguely remember reading that you said you plan to complete the top three finishers from the poll eventually and that you also plan to make yearly updates to A Giant Sucking Sound. I don't mean to add any pressure onto you, I know how difficult life must be right now with COVID and work. Please know that this is all coming from a fan who greatly looks up to you and your work (A Giant Sucking Sound is my favourite timeline on this site but as a Canadian I wished you specified some things some more like how Thomas Mulcair became PM by the time of Ross Perot's funeral in 2019)
 
1916
January, 1
Income tax is introduced in France.

January, 13
President of Mexico Victoriano Huerta dies; he is succeeded by Pascual Orozco.

January, 15

Bergen, in Norway, is victim to a great fire, destroying 300 buildings in the City Centre.

January, 17
Manuel Estrada Cabrera is re-elected President of Guatemala.

January, 18
Oklahoma votes to ratify the Eighteenth Amendement to the United States Constitution, making its adoption official and allowing women’s suffrage throughout the United States.

January, 26
The Uprising Act is passed by the United Kingdom Parliament : “all activities tantamount or in favor of fomenting violent action against His Majesty’s Government and the territories of the Crown” are to be prosecuted with very harsh penal measures. In territories concerned with martial law, the habeas corpus is to be suspended.

February

An islamist revolt starts against Serbian and Italian occupation in Albania.

February-March
Guizhou, Guangxi, Guangdong, Shandong, Hunan, Shanxi, Jiangxi and Jiangsu declare their independance in opposition of Yuan Shikai’ self-proclaimed Empire, while the National Protection Army, led by General Cai E, routs the Imperial Armies.

Throughout Mexico, major cities, such as Monterrey, Quérétaro, Guadalajara and Puebla revolt against the dictatorship of President Orozco and defect to the Convention.

February, 3
The Russian and Serbian governemnts announce the bethrothal of Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna, second daughter of the Czar, to Crown Prince Alexander of Serbia; the announcement is rushed due to pressures from the Serbian governement in light of the situation in Europe.

February, 5

The Cabaret Voltaire opens in Zurich, Switzerland.

February, 11-18
As the Summer Olympics are to be held in Berlin, the German Olympic Committee organizes a winter sports week with speed skating, figure skating, ice hockey and Nordic skiing in Garmisch and Partenkirchen, setting the trend for the organization of the Winter Olympic Games.

February, 14

Riots erupt against Irish residents in Liverpool.

In French Indochina, supporters of jailed rebel, mystic and self-proclaimed Emperor Phan Xich Long revolt throughout Cochinchina. The revolt is put down by the French.

February, 22
Phan Xich Long is executed by French authorities.

March-April
The Anglo-Sudanese expedition reaches Darfur.

March, 4
The Land Tax Reform Act is adopted in the United Kingdom, changing land taxes and tariffs in the United Kingdom, according to the Conservative Platform of 1915.

March, 6
Former Mayor of Cleveland (OH) Newton D. Baker is appointed United States Secretary of War, succeeding Lindley Garrison.

March, 15
Antonio José de Almeida succeeds Afonso Costa as Prime Minister of Portugal.

March, 16
The United States Government announces it won’t recognize Pascual Orozco as the legitimate President of Mexico.

March, 17
Saint Patrick’s Rising - A Irish Republican Provisional Government, led by Eoin MacNeill, declares the independance of Ireland from the British Crown in a proclaimation in Dublin. The Irish Republican Army is established.

March, 18
The British Cabinet declares martial law in Ireland and send order to send 50,000 soldiers under the Ireland Peacekeeping Army, under command of General Douglas Haig.

March, 22
The Hongxian Emperor abdicates and becomes again President of China Yuan Shikai, in light of the victories of theNational Protection Army. Xu Shichang becomes Premier of the Republic of China.

April, 5
The Ireland Peacekeeping Army lands near Dublin.


April, 23
Duan Qirui becomes Premier of the Republic of China.


April, 27

Prime Minister of Australia Andrew Fisher resigns due to a motion of non-confidence iniatiated by Billy Hughes, who succeeds him as Labor Leader and Prime Minister.

May, 1
The Ireland Peacekeeping Army enters Dublin without a battle ; the Irish Republican Army and the Provisional Government have retreated in good order to Connaught.

May, 5
Two companies of Marines land at Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic, beginning the American occupation.

May, 7

Dominican President Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra resigns in light of a rebellion by his former Secretary of War Desiderio Arias.

May, 12
British Prime Minister Bonar Law begins a week-long visit of Ireland and reitirates his will for a lasting martial law until “all terrorists are purged”.

May, 15
Santo Domingo is occupied by US Marines.

May, 17

General Felix Diaz lands in Yucatan and organizes a National Reorganizer Army ; after several defeats in Oaxaca and Chiapas, he becomes a mere warlord in war-torn Mexico but creates further turmoil for the Orozquista forces.

May, 22
El Fasher, capital of the Sultanate of Darfur, is taken by the Anglo-Sudanese Expedition.

June, 1
John Hessin Clarke is confirmed as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.

June, 6
President of China Yuan Shikai dies.

June, 7
Li Yuanhong succeeds Yuan Shikai as President of China ; the reality of power is held by Premier Duan Qirui.

June, 7-10

Republican National Convention : Senator Elihu Root (New York) and Senator William Borah (Idaho) are nominated respectively for President and Vice-President in Chicago, Illinois.

June, 9
The Progressive faction of the Republican Party walks out of the Republican National Convention in protest.

June, 11
The Count of Ramonones succeeds Eduardo Dato as Prime Minister of Spain.

June 14-16
President Woodrow Wilson and Vice President Thomas R. Marshall are nominated by the Democratic Party for re-election at the Democratic National Convention in St. Louis, Missouri.

June, 18
Colonel General Helmuth von Moltke the Younger, Chief of the German General Staff, dies, aged 68. He is replaced by Minister of War Erich von Falkenhayn. General Paul von Hindenburg, retired, becomes Minister of War.

June 26-28
Progressive National Convention : Governor Hiram Johnson (California) and businessman John M. Parker (Louisiana) are nominated respectively for President and Vice President in Chicago, Illinois.

June, 31
Khenifra falls to the French colonial troops in Morocco, putting an end to the Zaian War.

July, 1
The Social Democratic Party of Finland wins a majority at the local Parliament.



July 6-22
The Games of the VI Olympiad are held in Berlin, Germany. Germany wins the most gold medals, while the United States win the most medals.

July, 6

Dominican rebel leader Desiderio Arias flees the Dominican Republic after several defeats against the US Army.

July, 9
An assassination attempt on Argentine President Victorino de la Plaza fails.

July, 14
The Damas Manifesto is read aloud at the Cabaret Voltaire in Zurich ; it sparks the birth of the Negativist Movement, calling into question all bourgeois aesthetics and art values.

July, 17

In Mirdita, Albania, northern Christians proclaim their own separate Republic and ask for Serbian protection.

July, 19
The city of Oulu, in Finland, burns.

July, 22
Anarchists try and fail to assassinate James Rolph, the Mayor of San Francisco.

August
Deodato Manuel Ramos, head of the rebels in Parana State, is captured by the Brazilian Army, putting an end to the Contestado War.

August, 3
Crown Prince and Regent Alexander of Serbia marries Grand Duchess Tatiana Nikolaevna of Russia in Belgrad, Serbia.

At the same time, Todor Aleksandrov, leader of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, proclaims the annexation of Vardar Macedonia in Radovis.

August, 7
Suffragette Mary Richardson tries to assassinate King George V in Edinburgh, mortally wounding Prince Albert.

August, 8

The Lord Chelmsford is appointed Governor-General of Canada.

August, 9
Prince Albert, second son of King George V, dies of his wounds in Edinburgh.

August, 15

Manuel Franco succeeds Eduardo Schaerer as President of Paraguay.

August, 16
The Uprising Act is extended to suffragettes.

August, 29
The United States Congress votes the Jones Act, acting as a Constitution for the Philippines and creating a fully elected Philippine legislature.

September, 1

Alfredo Baquerizo succeeds Leonidas Plaza as President of Ecuador.

The Keating-Owen Act is voted by the United States Congress, prohibiting the sale of products of child labor.

September, 4
Afonso Costa suceeds Antonio José de Almeida as Prime Minister of Portugal.

September, 5
Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich Romanov marries his cousin, Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna, eldest daughter of Czar Nicholas II. Olga is second in line to the Russian throne.


Intolerance, a movie by David Wark Griffith, premieres in the United States.

September, 8
The United States Tariff Commission is established.

September, 11
Rejecting Russian offers to mediate, Serbia declares war on Bulgaria over the Macedonian Uprising, triggering the Fourth Balkan War.


September, 18-October, 12

Serbian-Bulgarian War, Battle of Morava : Bulgaria defeats Serbia, and the battle sees the first military use of landships on the Bulgarian side.

September, 21
Elections in Canada : Incumbent Prime Minister Robert Borden increases his majority and returns as head of a Conservative governement.

September, 23-October, 23
Serbian-Bulgarian War, Battle of Ovche Pole : Bulgaria defeats Serbia.

September, 27
Notaras Incident : the Notaras, a cargo vessel voguing from Sebastopol to Piraeus under Greek flag, is stopped and detained by Ottoman customs at Gallipoli; the ship illegally contains large caches of illegally purchased Russian weapons, including pieces for a Russian landship. The whole crew is detained by Ottoman authorities under suspicion of weapon smuggling for the Greek Army.

September, 28

Notaras Incident : the Greek government asks for the release of the Notaras’ crew.

September, 29
Notaras Incident : The Ottoman Empire launches a criminal investigation upon the weapons found aboard the Notaras.

September, 30
Notaras Incident : Russia denies having purposedly offered undeclared weapons to Greece.

October, 1
Ramon Maximiliano Valdes suceeds Belisario Porras Barahona as President of Panama.

October, 3
Elections are held to the newly created Philippine Senate.

October, 4
Notaras Incident : Greek Prime Minister Eletherios Venizelos makes a speech in front of the Parliament, advocating retribution should the Notaras crew not be returned safely to Greece.

October, 5
Antonio José de Almeida succeeds Afonso Costa as Prime Minister of Portugal.

October, 7
Notaras Incident : Greece offers a week-long ultimatum to the Ottoman Empire to release the Notaras’ crew; else, the detention of Greek citizens would be considered as an act of war by the Greek government.

October, 8-October, 18
Notaras Incident : anti-Greek pogroms happen throughout the Ottoman Empire due to the Greek ultimatum.

October, 9
Field Marshal and Governor-General and Korea, Count Terauchi Masatake, becomes Prime Minister of Japan, succeeding Prince Okuma Shigenobu.

October, 10
Notaras Incident : the United Kingdom warns Germany, Russia, Greece and the Ottoman Empire that the opening of the Dardanelles’ Straits, even in case of war, is a major concern for the British government.

The Rikken Doshikai, the Chuseikai and the Koyu Club merge and establish the Kensaikai, a new opposition party in Japan.

October, 10-November, 4
Serbian-Bulgarian War, Battle of Kosovo : Bulgaria defeats Serbia and Montenegro.

October, 11
Mehmed Talaat Pascha becomes Great Vizier of the Ottoman Empire, replacing Said Halim Pascha.

Otto, King of Bavaria from 1886 to 1913, dies.

October, 12
At the end of a very bitter election, Hipolito Yrigoyen is elected President of Argentina, the first hailing from the Radical Civic Union.


Russia mobilizes troops alongside the Russian-Ottoman border.

October, 14
Greece declares war upon the Ottoman Empire.

October, 15

The Ottoman Empire closes the Dardanelles’ Straits to all ships, of any nationality.

October, 16
Greek-Ottoman War : Constantinople, capital of the Ottoman Empire, is bombed.

Due to the passage of universal suffrage, an anticipated election takes place in Belgium, seeing a Liberal breakthrough : Paul Hymans succeeds Charles de Broqueville as Prime Minister.

October, 17
Germany declares its neutrality on the Greek-Ottoman conflict.

October, 18
Trabzon Incident : during an anti-Greek pogrom in Trabzon, rioters flanked by Turkish soldiers storm the Russian Consulate where ethnic Greeks had taken refuge. The Russian consul is lynched and killed during the storming.

October, 19

Trabzon Incident : the Ottoman Empire proposes financial compensation and free crossing of the Dardanelles to Russia.

October, 21
Trabzon Incident : Czar of Russia Nicholas II delivers his infamous “Third Rome Speech” where he stresses the strategic and symbolic importance of Constantinople for Russia and the despicable attitude of the Sublime Porte.

October, 23
Trabzon Incident : during a speech to the Reichstag where he outlines the risk poised by a Russian-Ottoman War to the Bagdadbahn and German economic interests, German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg is heckled by SPD parliamentarians.

October, 24
Trabzon Incident : Bonar Law stresses in the House of Commons the risk of a major European war.

October, 25
Trabzon Incident : France officially assures Russia of its support.

Birth control activist Margaret Sanger is arrested in Brooklyn, nine days after the opening of a family planning and birth control clinic, due to a law prohibiting distribution of contraceptives in the State of New York.

October, 26
Trabzon Incident : Germany warns against any steps taken by the Russian Army in Armenia and threats made to the Bagdadbahn works.

October, 27
The SPD imposes the vote of a motion of non-confidence against Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg who resigns, the day he was poised to ask for parliamentarian rallying for protection of the Bagdadbahn.

October, 28

SPD leaders Friedrich Ebert and Hugo Haase ask the Kaiser for the appointment of a Social Democrat Chancellor, the maintaining of peace and an enactment of the Erfurt Program.

October, 29
IPP MP John Redmond is arrested in front of Westminster Palace while he was calling the Cabinet to rescind martial law in Ireland.

The Russian Ambassador in London assures Great Britain that, in the event of a Russian-Ottoman War, control of the Dardanelles would be offered to Greece should the Ottoman Empire be defeated.

October, 30
Greek-Ottoman War: Serbia and Bulgaria declare their neutrality.

Feng Guozhang is elected Vice President of China.

October, 31
Greek-Ottoman War: A French military mission arrives in Athens.

November, 2
German Kaiser Wilhelm II refuses the SPD’s demands and asks Zentrum leader Georg von Hertling to form a new government.

November, 6
France partially mobilizes in Lorraine, at the French-German Border. The French government assures its Belgian counterpart it has nothing to fear from their troops.

November, 7
United States presidential election : President Woodrow Wilson (Democrat) is re-elected in landslide against Elihu Root (Republican) and Hiram Johnson (Progressive) ; Democrats hold both houses of Congress.

November, 9

Greek-Ottoman War: Nicholas II meets representatives from Armenian nationalist parties Dashnak, Armenakan and Huntchak.

November, 10
Greek-Ottoman War: US President Woodrow Wilson proposes to mediate on the Russian-Ottoman Conflict.

November, 11
Nicholas II announces his cousin, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, will assume overall comandment of the Russian Army.

November, 12
Germany evacuates personnel on the Bagdadbahn works.

November, 13
Russia partially mobilizes.

Emiliano Zapata defeats and kills General Pablo Gonzalez in San Cristobal de Las Casas, in Mexico.

November, 14
Greek-Ottoman War: Russia gives a two-day ultimatum to the Ottoman Empire to cede to Greek territorial claims and to give full independance to Armenia and autonomy to Christian minorities within the Empire.

November, 15
Georg von Hertling becomes Chancellor of Germany, forming a Zentrum/FVP/KP/NLP government.


Henryk Sienkiewicz, Nobel Prize in Literature 1905, dies in Vevey, Switzerland, aged 70.

November, 17
Russia declares war upon the Ottoman Empire.

November, 18

Chancellor von Hertling’s general policy declaration in front of the Reichstag stresses the economic and national interest Germany has on the Bagdadbahn and affirms any move against its outline would prove an act of war against Germany territory.

November, 19
Russian-Ottoman War: Russia invades Armenia.

November, 20
Serbian-Bulgarian War : the Bulgarian Army enters Skopje.

November, 21
Emperor Francis Joseph of Austria-Hungary dies ; he is succeeded by his nephew, Franz Ferdinand, who takes the titles of Emperor Ferdinand II of Austria and King Ferdinand VI of Hungary and immediately affirms his loyalty to the German-Austro-Hungarian alliance.

November, 24

Germany mobilizes.

November, 25
Germany offers France to cede to Germany military redoubts in Toul and Verdun during the duration of a Russian-German conflict, in exchange for no war.

In a referendum, Uruguay adopts a collective presidency system, establishing a National Council of Administration of nine members that would replace the office of President of the Republic, based on the Swiss executive.

November, 26
Austria-Hungary mobilizes.

November, 27
Germany declares war upon Russia and Greece, trigerring the Great European War.

November, 28

Great European War: Austria-Hungary declares war upon Russia and Greece. Germany takes Kalisz, Czestochowa and Bedzin in Russian Poland.

November, 29
Great European War : Battle of Libau. Russia defeats Germany.

Alexei Bobrinsky becomes Prime Minister of Russia, replacing Piotr Bark, viewed as to much of a germanophile.

A military government under Captain Harry Shepard Knapp is installed in Santo Domingo.

November, 30
Great European War : the United Kingdom declares its neutrality.

December, 1

French missionnary and Berber expert Charles de Foucauld is murdered in his fortress in Tamanghasset by bandits.

December, 2
France mobilizes. An attempt by SFIO leader Jean Jaurès to wage a general strike fails due to massive enthusiasm for the war in the French populace.

December, 3
Great European War : France declares war upon Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. The date is generally considered as the official beginning of the Great European War.


Russia invades East Prussia.

December, 4
Great European War : Austria-Hungary attacks Kielce and Lublin.

Maximilian Hussarek von Heinlein replaces Karl von Stürgkh as Minister-President of Austria, who has been sacked by the new Emperor; similarly, Field Marshal Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf is removed from his position as Chief of the General Staff, replaced by the Emperor himself. Count Istvan Tisza, Minister-President of Hungary, insists he won’t resign to comply to his King.

December, 6

Great European War : France invades South Alsace.

Russia fully mobilizes.

December, 8
Great European War : Mulhouse falls to French troops.

Gaston Doumergue returns as French President of Council of a Grand Coalition government, the Union Sacrée (Holy Union) concerning parties from the whole spectrum, except the SFIO, as leader Jean Jaurès has declared his opposition to the war.

December, 10
The Nobel Prize for Physics is attributed to Max Planck (Germany) ; Chemistry goes to ira Remsen (USA) ; Emile Roux (France) wins in Medicine ; Per Hallström (Sweden) receives the Nobel Prize for Literature. The Peace Nobel Prize is not attributed due to the Great European War.


Great European War : the Germany takes back Mulhouse.

Serbian-Bulgarian War: The Bulgarian Army enters Nis.

December, 11
Great European War : Russia defeats Germany at Stalluponen.

December, 14
Great European War : Russia defeats Austria-Hungary at Gumbinnen.

December, 14-December, 21
Great European War : Battle of Morhange. Germany beats France.

December, 15
Great European War : Dogubeyazit and Köpruköy (Ottoman Empire) fall to Russian troops.

December, 17
A general election is held in New Zealand : William Massey (Reform) is re-elected as Prime Minister.

December, 20
Great European War : Battle of Krasnik. Russia defeats Austria-Hungary.

December, 21
Great European War : after the defeat at Morhange, French troops decide to retreat in good order behind the Meuse River.

December, 21-December, 28
Great European War : Battle of Allenstein, Russia narrowly defeats Germany.

December, 21-January, 7

Great European War : Battle of Lemberg. Russia defeats Austria-Hungary and occupies the city.

December, 24-December, 25
Great European War : Belligerants observe a Christmas truce.

December, 28

Great European War : Germany retreats in good order behind the Vistula River.

December, 29
The Stock-Raising Homestead Act is passed by the United States Congress for settlers seeking 640 acres of public land for ranching purposes.

A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is published by James Joyce.

December, 30
Tax reform in France : income tax rates goes to 10 %.

December, 31
The Lucknow Pact is passed between the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League : the “garam dal”, or the hot extremist faction, composed by Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Lala Lajpat Rai and Bipinchandra Pal, against cooperation with the British, wins a majority in light of the events in Ireland. The moderates, led by Gopal Krishna Gokhale, gets into his own way.
 
I take it MIS is TTL's equivalent to the United Aircraft Corporation, so to speak, assuming MIS stands for "Mikoyan-Sukhoi"? Also, is Wong Aeronautics based on any Chinese aviation stuff IOTL? Finally, as the non-Africans are all dead or already fled, I assume most people who have fled Azania in recent years are (underground) Christians/Muslims amongst the African population?
Well, rather not, it's a private company, evidently the result of an association between Mikoyan and Sukhoi. As of Wong Aeronautics, it's also a fictional private company.
As of the recent exiles, yes, they are underground believers and recent opposition figures, or just civilians who fled the hellhole.
@MaskedPickle I'm very sorry to ask here but I am wondering if you ever plan to make your previously suggested "A Huge Sucking Sound" timeline from here a reality: https://www.alternatehistory.com/fo...ould-i-do-after-a-giant-sucking-sound.419122/
Here's your description of it that you posted back in June of 2017: "Donald Trump decides to run in 1988 and wins. Expect it as a spiritual successor and some sort of reboot to a Giant Sucking Sound. Featuring f*cked up Latin America, a hardened Soviet Union and a stronger Europe."
It did reach 47 votes in the poll you posted, just two shy of being tied for first place with this timeline. I just want to know if you will either reboot A Giant Sucking Sound or start this new A Huge Sucking Sound once this timeline reaches its conclusive end. I vaguely remember reading that you said you plan to complete the top three finishers from the poll eventually and that you also plan to make yearly updates to A Giant Sucking Sound. I don't mean to add any pressure onto you, I know how difficult life must be right now with COVID and work. Please know that this is all coming from a fan who greatly looks up to you and your work (A Giant Sucking Sound is my favourite timeline on this site but as a Canadian I wished you specified some things some more like how Thomas Mulcair became PM by the time of Ross Perot's funeral in 2019)
Well, I have been wondering some much about this lately.
First, I must say that I have been working on the Franz Ferdinand timeline since 2017, and that all plans have been delayed since. I have a lot to do in real life, such as looking for a new job, writing a novel in French totally disconnected from alternate history and I have plenty of other alternate history projects, ranging from Clovis to Charles De Gaulle. This current timeline demands a lot of time and work, I do it for free, but I still intend it as a leasure and pleasure project, an exercice in worldbuilding and writing.
As of Perot, I must admit that this is now a decade-old project, and that I have already explored it to the best of my abilities ; it still has a lot of defects and things that I wouldn't have done now, but it's behind me, and I want to move on. I have neither the time, the patience or the will to return to an old project of mine, I want to explore other worlds, other timeframes and other points of divergence.
If you wish to read the timeline, you're welcome ; if you want to see what I am up to, you're also free.
Anyway, thank you for this very kind message, should you want to discuss it further, you're welcome.
 
Well, I have been wondering some much about this lately.
First, I must say that I have been working on the Franz Ferdinand timeline since 2017, and that all plans have been delayed since. I have a lot to do in real life, such as looking for a new job, writing a novel in French totally disconnected from alternate history and I have plenty of other alternate history projects, ranging from Clovis to Charles De Gaulle. This current timeline demands a lot of time and work, I do it for free, but I still intend it as a leasure and pleasure project, an exercice in worldbuilding and writing.
As of Perot, I must admit that this is now a decade-old project, and that I have already explored it to the best of my abilities ; it still has a lot of defects and things that I wouldn't have done now, but it's behind me, and I want to move on. I have neither the time, the patience or the will to return to an old project of mine, I want to explore other worlds, other timeframes and other points of divergence.
If you wish to read the timeline, you're welcome ; if you want to see what I am up to, you're also free.
Anyway, thank you for this very kind message, should you want to discuss it further, you're welcome.
I totally understand and wish all the more luck to you! Thanks for your response and I hope everything goes well for you! I honestly can't believe that A Giant Sucking Sound is over 10 years old but then again I only read it in 2019.
 
Hellenism was listed on the religion section for the Greece wikibox. How many of them are there worldwide and are they treated good in Greece?
 
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Country profile - Dahomey
Dahomey is a country in Western Africa, bordered in the north by Mali, in the west by Togoland, in the south by the Gulf of Guinea and in the east by Sokoto and Odudawa.

History
Only conquered by the French in 1894, the Dahomey colony, formed by the reunion of the kingdoms of Allada, Porto-Novo and Abomey, was among the spoils of victory of the Treaty of Tours in 1920, joining the German colonial empire. The idea was to reinforce the importance of the Togoland colony, strengthening German positions over the Gulf of Guinea and providing an efficient buffer between British Gold Coast (now Ashante) and Nigeria (now Sokoto, Odudawa and Biafra).

The German colonization was quite uneventful, molded on the policies applied on neighbouring Togoland, even if the authorities in Berlin never thought of merging the two little colonies, given that the cultural outline of Togoland and Dahomey were different ; having Catholic and Protestant missionaries spreading the civilization along with the German language, the governorship in Cotonou relied on the traditional kings of Abomey, that had been defeated at great cost by the French, along with their Fon subjects, concentrating development on the coast and Abomey, with extensive German naval bases being maintained in Porto-Novo, Cotonou and Ouidah. In the northernmost part of the country, French influence from Mali remained. Thanks to Dahomeyan participation during the World War, Dahomey was included in the 1946 Dar-es-Salaam Pact, being promised independence within 25 years of cooperation with Germany. Due to agitation in neighbouring Liberia and Mali, however, and the small size and lack of self-reliance on the country, Dahomey only acceded to independence in 1977, as a full member of the Reichspakt and a constitutional monarchy, the Kings of Abomey becoming ceremonial heads of state and Abomey aristocrat and dentist Justin Ahomadégbé-Tomêtin serving as the country’s first President of Council, reflecting German colonial policies.

As German military and economic presence remains to this day, as in neighbouring Togoland, the Kingdom of Dahomey was not without troubles, due to the ethnic strife that was the legacy of “divide to rule” policies : in 1986, in the aftershock of the 1983 economic crisis, a peaceful revolution allowed the drafting of a new Constitution, monitored by Auxiliary Archbishop of Cotonou Isidore de Souza, who served as President of Council, that removed all discriminatory laws and access to suffrage. The democratic experience was cut short by a series of three military coups and counter-coups in 1988, giving rise to a military dictatorship by General Ferdinand Amoussou, with German support, that restored the prior Constitution and reintegrated Dahomey within the Reichspakt ; the monarchy, in turn, was on the verge of collapse due to a succession dispute in 1989, resolved with German ingerence.

Amoussou allowed a democratic transition in 2001 under German pressure but Pan-Africanist sentiments, quite strong in the northern country, led to a new series of troubles in 2013-2014, culminating with the assassination of President of Council Marie-Elise Gbèdo and an attempted military coup ; since 2014, the Conservatives, led by Sébastien Ajavon, have controlled the country in a pro-German foreign and internal policy.

Political situation
Under its Constitution (adopted at independence and restored in 1990), Dahomey is an unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy. The reigning King is Dah Sagbadjou Glele, descendant of the Kings of Abomey and elected by Dahomeyan aristocrats in 2018 ; as a tribute to the traditional authority of the king and its historical significance, the capital of the country remains in Abomey, the ancestral seat of the kings, even if the little city only serves as an administrative center formed around the royal palace, as Cotonou’s importance remains tantamount.

The king only has ceremonial powers, as executive and legislative powers are entrusted in the President of Council, leader of the majority party in Dahomey’s National Assembly, the country’s parliament ; judiciary powers are inspired by German law, mixed with Dahomeyan old traditions. Sébastien Ajavon, a Fon billionaire who made his fortune in the food industry, known as “the chicken king”, who also made his fortune in real estate and media ownership, has served as President of Council since 2014, his mandate being renewed with a supermajority in the 2019 general elections. Avajon belongs to Union for Future Dahomey (Union für Zukunft Dahomey), a conservative big tent party that had been founded by former military strongman Ferdinand Amoussou to support his own rule. The social-democratic Democratic Renewal Party serves as the official opposition, with the Pan-Africanist Congress of Agrican Democrats having been dissolved due to political pressure. Avajon’s rule has been described by foreign commentators as a “corrupt and autocratic sham democracy”, with revelations in 2017 in German newspaper Der Spiegel proving its relations with organized crime, the corruption of most of his activies and cronies and the extrajudicial killings of opponents and rivals, his rule being only enforced by German support ; the scandal was efficiently suppressed in Dahomey and Avajon remains the strongman of Dahomeyan politics.

Social situation, population
The majority of Dahomey’s 9 million population lives in the southern country, mostly in the coast, with Cotonou and Porto-Novo leading the economy and drawing a large sway of rural migrants, while 42 ethnic groups form the outline of the country, with Fons forming the ruling and majority population, and Yorubas, Dendis, Bariba, Fulas in the North. The Constitution of Dahomey acknowledges Fon, Yoruba, Fula and Bariba as official languages along with German that serves as the country’s vernacular language. Due to the troubles plaguing Sokoto, southern Dahomey became the seat for a large Sokoto diaspora, living in the slums surrounding Cotonou.

The few riches of the country, along with social development, are confined to the Fon majority, living in the central and southern country ; neglected during German colonization and after independence, the north remains backwards, with illiteracy, infant mortality, malaria and poor infrastructures remaining endemic. This enduring rift has led to deep animosity within Dahomeyan society, with northern populations being subjected to Pan-Africanist influence, allowing to a breakthrough of Pan-Africanist guerillas and Neo-Kemetic conversions, all repressed by the government in Abomey. Christianity, deeply encouraged by German missionnaries, is the country’s largest religious denomination ; Islam is more present in the north, while traditional religions, such as Vodun (the spiritual ancestor of Caribbean Voodoo) was repressed by German and later Dahomeyan authorities, with Ouidah, the religion’s spiritual center, being monorited ; Vodun had been pointed out by Germans as a “barbarian cult” as they also suspected its practioners of harbouring Pan-Africanist feelings.

Economy
Offshore exploitation of oil around Sémè, started during German colonization, proved unprofitable and was halted in the 1980s, and so Dahomey’s economy remains underdeveloped, relying on subsistence agriculture, cotton production, wood exploitation, German military presence and tourism, with Cotonou serving as the country only hub for foreign trade and exports, with the country’s only seaport and only international airport. The economy remains under German control, with Germany being the main economic partner of Dahomey, on a lesser level than neighbouring Togoland, the other big partner of Dahomey.

Military
As a member of the Reichspakt, Dahomey allows for the presence of a strong German military naval base in Cotonou, in a 99-years-lease from Germany, that constitute, along with Lomé and Sao Tomé, the main frame of the German West African Fleet of the Reichsmarine. Attempts at reducing German influence during the de Souza era were abandoned but the subject remains controversial in Dahomeyan politics. The Dahomey Armed Forces are deeply inspired by Prussian military traditions, equipped with German gear and mostly controlled by Fon military officers ; since the days of the Amoussou military regime in 1988-2001 and the defeat of the attempted coup in 2014, the Dahomeyan Army retains a reputation of a kingmaking force in politics.

Culture
Due to its lack of natural resources, Dahomey focused its economy of tourism and the promotion of its superb culture, celebrating the still reigning kings of Abomey, its folk traditions such as dances, music and cuisine and its lush landscapes ; modern artists have received major international recognition, such as Georg Adéagbo, Meschac Gaba or Romuald Hazoumè, and the music scene in Cotonou remains renowned throughout Africa. Due to German influence, a cultural rift has nevertheless being created between a cosmopolitan, Fon-dominated and German-influenced South and a underdeveloped, French- and Liberian-influenced Fulani, Bariba and Yoruba north.
 
I totally understand and wish all the more luck to you! Thanks for your response and I hope everything goes well for you! I honestly can't believe that A Giant Sucking Sound is over 10 years old but then again I only read it in 2019.
It's me again who feels old... Thank you very much !
Hellenism was listed on the religion section for the Greece wikibox. How many of them are there worldwide and are they treated good in Greece?
It's more of a fringe movement that has been gaining in popularity, restricted to the far right who think that referring themselves to Byzantium is not enough. They are frowned upon by the Orthodox Church of course but tolerated by the government.
 
It's more of a fringe movement that has been gaining in popularity, restricted to the far right who think that referring themselves to Byzantium is not enough. They are frowned upon by the Orthodox Church of course but tolerated by the government.
Thanks. Do you have an approximate number of worshippers?

Seems like paganist revivalism has embraced the far-right far more than in OTL.
 
Country profile - Honduras
Honduras is a country in Central America, bordered in the west by Guatemala, in the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, to the north by the Carribean Sea at the Gulf of Honduras, and in the south by El Salvador and Nicaragua.

History
The quintessential example of a banana republic, Honduras began the twentieth century as a virtual puppet of the United Fruit Companies and its competitors, influencing the little nation’s politics and using the United States military as the last resort. In spite of a relative stability in the 1910s, a strike against the Cuyamel Fruit Company in 1917 and rivalry between politicians led to a short civil war in 1919-1920, between incumbent President Franciso Bertrand, supported by El Salvador, and General Rafael Lopez Guétierrez, supported by Guatemala and Nicaragua ; inspired by the French Syndicalist Revolution, a general strike by the fruit workers convinced the US State Department to launch an occupation of Honduras in order to stabilize the country and ensure the American assets inside the country ; under US approval, conservative General Tiburcio Carias Andino was elected President.

Defeating two revolts by General Gregorio Ferrara in 1925 and 1931 (the last one ending with his death) and abolishing all appearances of constitutional rule in cancelling the 1928 elections, Carias Andino had nevertheless to deal with the aftermath of the American withdrawal in 1932, the economic crisis in the Western hemisphere and the outbreak of Panama disease in 1935, that disrupted the whole economy of Honduras. Facing dissent at home and the growing threat of the Socialist Republic of Central America, that finally invaded and took control of Honduras in a swift three-weeks war in 1941. Carias Andino, still acknowledged as President of Honduras, left for exile in Washington, D.C. and lobbied the US and Mexican governments for a swift intervention ; owing to his short exile of eight years, Honduras recovered its independence as soon as the World War was over in 1949.

Carias Andino would rule his country as a firm ally of the United States, destroying all legacies of the Syndicalist era, until his death in 1969 ; with 46 years of rule (not counting the eight years of Syndicalist intervention), he set a precedent as a non-royal head of state. Becoming an undisputed strongman, the only threat he had to his rule went in 1954, when a general strike asking for the same social reforms that under Syndicalist rule began and was destroyed thanks to US intervention and the military.
Wishing to maintain the stability of his regime after his death, Carias Andino provided in his testament for the organization of free elections, allowing his last vice president and successor, Ramon Ernesto Cruz Uclés, to be elected on his own right. The Conservatives had hoped to maintain the rule over Honduras, but the “Bananagate” scandal forced Cruz Uclés to resign, after it had been revealed by the US Securities and Exchange Commission exposed a plan of the United Fruit Company to bribe the President in exchange for the reduction of banana taxes. The scandal allowed for a democratic changeover, with liberal Carlos Roberto Reina winning the presidency in 1977.

Honduras would nevertheless never recover from the 1983 economic crisis, sending millions into extreme poverty and turning to organized crime, convincing General Gustavo Alvarez Martinez to seize power in a military coup in 1988, keeping power until his death in a plane accident in 2001. Political violence continues in Honduras, with President Romeo Vasquez Gonzalez being assassinated by a far left activist in 2005 ; in 2018, democratically elected President Xiomara Castro was overthrown in a military coup by General Fredy Diaz Zelaya, who had held power since.

Political situation
A presidential republic, with executive powers all vested in the President of the Republic, the legislative in the 128-members National Congress and the judiciary being officially independant from all other powers, Honduras spent its whole history balanced between the conservative National Party and the liberal Liberal Party, with the Nationals holding power for much of the twentieth century and accusing the Liberals of harboring longing for the short Syndicalist era (1941-1949) ; this political struggle, as always in Latin America, has been rife with military coups and United States ingerency, and it’s still the case today.

The incumbent President is Fredy Diaz Zelaya, a General of the Honduran Army who led a military coup against democratically elected President Xiomara Castro on 21 June 2018. Running as an independent with the support of the National Party, General Diaz Zelaya was elected to a four-year term on his own right on 28 November 2021, winning in the first round in a ballot that was considered “highly suspicious” by the World Council. An alumni of the School of the Americas, General Diaz Zelaya has promised that he would return to democratic rule as soon as the situation would allow it, but various abuses by the military, maintaining martial law and persecution of journalists have resulted on having Honduras suspended from the Havana Treaty Organization, with many of his associates having their assets frozen in the United States and various investigations pending.

Social situation, population
Counting more than 9 million inhabitants, mostly of Mestizo origin as with most Central American countries, Honduras is one of the poorest countries of the Americas and considered as one of the least developed. Neglected by decades of military regime, it scores one of the lowest scores in literacy and access to health care inside the Havana Treaty Organization. Having depended for decades on agriculture, a sector ravaged since the 1983 krach and Hurricane Milch, Honduras retains a mostly rural population, its cities, such as the capital, Tegugicalpa, being overpopulated by slums. Conservative policies and a very strong influence from the Church has also led to an overpopulation, with a birth rate still climbing. In this context, Honduras continue to migrate to the United States, with an estimated 3 million Hondurans living on US soil.

The poor state of the economy and the neglect from the military government have led, in the cities, to the explosion of organized crime ; mostly street gangs indulging in human and drug trafficking, under control of Colombian, Chilean, Mexican or Cuban gangs, the Honduran criminal gangs are said to enjoy support from the Dias Zelaya administration and to effectively control the slums of Tegucigalpa ; daily homicide rate in the capital has risen to 20 a day, making it one of the most dangerous cities in the world.

Economy
A founding member of the Havana Treaty Organization, Honduras unfortunately didn’t benefitted from free trade and economic cooperation : as the long Carias Andino regime refused to pursue modernization in fear of Syndicalist activity and owing to their masters of the United Fruit Company, the country continued to rely on agriculture, mostly coffee, palm oil and bananas ; the crashing of the prizes, the mass deregulation of trade and concurrence from Asia that followed the 1983 economic crisis never allowed the country to recover. The aftermath of Hurricane Mitch in 1998 and the 2008 floods further wrecked the economy. Even if manufacturing is emerging in cities, the mostly rural population of Honduras continues to rely on fruit exports, with more than 60 % living below the poverty line. The development programs undertaken by the Havana Treaty Organization were largely ineffective, either depending on fertilizers that were improper to Honduras or their investments disappearing in a maze of corruption. Most of Honduras’ fields are controlled by American corporations, such as the United Fruit Company, that are also said to have financially supported the military dictatorship, all to maintain profitability from the fledging Honduran economy.

Military
In charge of the country for most of its history, the Honduran military is still in power as of 2021, with martial law, military curfew and extraordinary measures being a staple of everyday life since 2018. Although small in its size and supplied with American-made equipment, it’s also under scrutiny from the Department of Defense due to the various exactions reported by whistleblowers, with corruption from US companies, collaboration with organized crime, summary executions of opposants and journalists, all without any judicial consequences.

Culture

Lacking the cultural heritage of Mexico or Guatemala, and its landscapes being massively used for agricultural exploitation, Honduras has also the reputation of a poor country made dangerous by organized crime and military presence, preventing it for being relevant on a touristic and cultural scale. Massively built during the Carias Andino eras, the hotels in Tegucigalpa are rapidly aging, only hoisting from time to time some investors, observers from the Havana Treaty Organization and tourists wishing for adrenaline rushes.
 
So, what are the militaries of the world like? We know what countries have nukes ITTL but what about aircraft carriers? Any list of countries with aircraft carriers here and whether anyone has supercarriers ITTL?
 
Newsweek (United States) - 28 November 2021
The Extraordinary Journey of the Scot who became Prince Consort of Romania
By William Lowden

To the average American, having an audience with the Prince Consort of Romania would be a foregone conclusion, should he be able to situate Romania on a map. He would be prepared to meet another Mitteleuropean royal, with striking blue eyes and a thick accent. And now, entering a room in the Royal Palace in Bucharest, enters a tall, dark-haired man, not looking German at all, who shakes your hand and asks you “how do you do” in a perfect English. Not in the received pronunciation, more like Southern England, with traces of a Glaswegian accent. That is Prince Iacov, husband to Queen Margareta of Romania, born James Gordon Brown near Glasgow. Not only a commoner, but a Scotsman.

With his wife reigning since December 2017, Prince Iacov (“please, call me Gordon”) knew that the challenge of being a foreigner on the side of a monarch would be harsh : his adopted country, Romania, had had one of the most troubled histories during the Twentieth Century : thirty years under the Iron Guard, one of the most nightmarish regimes in the history of Europe, then almost twenty-five years split between German-backed Vallachia and Russian-backed Moldavia ; even succeeding the deeply popular King Mihai, who had escaped as a child from the massacre of his whole family at the hands of Codreanu’s Legionaires, then came back to reclaim his birthright as ruler of the Romanians, meant that Margareta wouldn’t have an easy task, more over in a deeply chauvinistic Romanian society, still defined by machismo and deep-rooted tradition. Internationally, the old royal families that have ruled Europe for centuries had little regards for this Scottish commoner, who happened to marry into a second-rank royal family, the Romanian Hohenzollerns.

But Prince Iacov has endeared himself to his new people, who look gladly to the royal family, by pride in the late King but also in opposition to the harsh military regime of General Mircea Chelaru : even if they laugh as the accent the Prince of Iasi hasn’t managed to shake off, they appreciate his support and presence behind his family and the Queen, and his personal commitments as Prince Consort for royally endorsed programs against poverty and for education, in one of the poorest countries of Europe. For the Prince, being a commoner was a help : “Even my father-in-law knew, in regards with his personal history, that nothing was granted in this life. So that makes me deeply different from the other scions of the ruling families of Europe. But growing up in the United Kingdom, where constitutional monarchy has been founded and made for the better, also prepared me for the role I had to take”.

Born to a minister of the Church of Scotland, a “son of a manse” as Scots call it, James Gordon Brown never thought of entering the small elite of royalty. He saw himself “making a career as a history teacher, or maybe dabbling a bit in politics after a while”. His early life was marked by an injury shortly after entering the University of Edinburgh, at the early age of 16 : after a kick to the head during a rugby union match, he suffered a retinal detachment and left him blind in his left eye, forcing him to wear a glass eye. In spite of this handicap, the future Prince Consort of Romania would graduate with an undegraduate MA degree with First-Class Honours in history in 1972, and was looking forward to obtain a PhD degree, maybe around the influence of the Labour Party in Scotland. But as in a fairy tale, his life would change when he met Margareta de Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, the woman that would one day become Queen of Romania.

A friend of those years recalled : “She was sweet and gentle and obviously cut out to make somebody a very good wife. She was bright, too, though not like him, but they seemed made for each other.” The two students, as she was studying in sociology, political science and public international law, talked all the time about politics. But when he came to understand who his girlfriend was, he also knew that his future father-in-law had inherited a country in ruins, broken in two after a horrific civil war. King Mihai, who had five daughters, still hoped to have a male heir, but the future of Wallachia, upon which he had managed to take hold, looked dire, becoming nothing less than a German puppet. The couple even parted ways at some time.

“I felt that it was not my destiny to become a powerless figurehead, I wanted to go into politics or at least teach history. But, through love, I came to understand and love the Romanian people”. Even conservative King Mihai, who had married into the prestigious Bourbon-Parma family in spite of his exile, came to regard this Scottish commoner as a deeply intelligent man, and would write in his diary: “To survive into the next millenium, Romania has to embrace modernity, after having suffered too much under the foolish vision of a false past. And thus the Crown has to modernize”. He would nevertheless only modify the law of succession to allow his eldest daughter to succeed him in 1987, ten years after the beautiful wedding of Prince Iacov and Princess Margareta at Curtea de Arges, then in Wallachia. The foreigner would make many efforts to acclimate into his new country and didn’t felt there was too many obstacles. “I still speak Romanian with an accent, but once you’ve known French, or Italian, it’s quite an easy language. The worst was when I had to tell my father, a minister in the Church of Scotland, that I had to convert to Romanian Orthodoxy”, he laughs.

Iacov (“My father-in-law told me that there was no equivalent for Gordon in Romanian”) would take up his energy to “serve the Queen, raise our children to become one day the monarchs of Romania and to be a servant of his new country”, using his natural charisma to serve as an ambassador extraordinaire to the cause of Romania, meeting with foreign investors and diplomats. “When I came to Bucharest, the city was left in ruins after the civil war and the earthquake, the people suffered under the yoke of Pacepa’s dictatorship and tried everything to flee. Nowadays, Romania has been reunified at last, it’s one of the most rapidly growing economies in the European community and its automaton industry is thriving, hand in hand with Bulgaria”. The Prince Consort, committed to parliamentary democracy, liberalism and European construction, would at times suffer the critics of the ultranationalistic governments that succeeded themselves at the helm of Wallachia and Romania: his relations with longtime Prime Minister Corneliu Tudor were said to be frosty, and the late strongman would criticize “the Celtic dynast”, pointing out that the Prince Consort didn’t support Romanian failed military and diplomatic endeavours against Hungary. Due to his royal reserve, Prince Iacov can’t voice his well-known distrust for the ruling military regime. But in spite of Romanian chauvinism, he would also quickly endear itself to the eyes of his people, due to another tragedy in his life as a father : the first son he had with the Queen, Prince Mihai, died two weeks after his birth of a brain hemorrhage. “I am an intimate man but I knew that as a public figure, my life would be well publicized.” In a country where infantile mortality is still a thing, many Romanians felt with the Royal couple : along with Princess Elena, the couple’s other son also bears the name Mihai, both in homage to his grandfather and his deceased brother ; the Prince of Alba Iulia would one day become the next King of Romania, under the unheard of dynastic name of “Hohenzollern-Brown”.

The royal reserve of Prince Iacov doesn’t extend to his birth country, the British Isles. “I must admit that I didn’t recognize myself in the country Enoch Powell made, it also laid much into my decision”. Known for his sympathies for the Labour Party in his youth, he however refuses to define his line. Is he on the right wing, incarnated by Oswald Mosley and Peter Shore, or more on the left wing, defined by Shirley Williams or Rushanara Ali ? “Let’s just say that I wish the best for Prime Minister Buttigieg, who I met and appreciate”. The Prince Consort is also quite reluctant to share his view about Scotland, who gained its independence since he went to Romania. “I was born a British, my father served in the Church of Scotland. I’m proud to be a Scotsman, I’m proud that my birth country became free but still, I saw in Romania what were the consequences of division. I felt that independence was maybe not the best for Scotland. But still, I didn’t vote in the referendum and I’m a Romanian foremost now. So my voice doesn’t count, it was the decision of the Scottish people and I’m proud of them”.

Leaving us for a new meeting, centered in fighting poverty in Moldavia, the Prince Consort is interrogated about whether, in another life, he would have remained in Scotland, maybe becoming a MP. He laughs out loud and says “Why not ? I never ran for office in fact, maybe I would have still immigrated to Romania to campaign !”

GordonBrown.png
 
So, what are the militaries of the world like? We know what countries have nukes ITTL but what about aircraft carriers? Any list of countries with aircraft carriers here and whether anyone has supercarriers ITTL?
Aircraft carriers are a fixture for the world's biggest superpowers, those who still rely much on military projection, such as Germany, the United States, Australia, Russia, Japan and China. Italy, France, Greece, the Hashemite Empire, Iran, Brazil, Argentina, the United Kingdom, Indochina, Korea also have some, but to a lesser degree.
 
Interesting and ironic that the Coptic state is in the delta as that region has among the lowest Copt population in Egypt. They mostly live in the Middle Egypt area of Asyut and surrounding cities. Population transfers?
 
Considering Olga became Tsarina and Alexei died from hemophilia, what became of Nicholas II's other daughters (Tatiana, Maria, and Anastasia) and any descendants of them who are prominent in modern times?
 
Fantastic timeline


Regarding the fact that Scotland is currently ruled by a Jacobite, does the King lay claim to the thrones of England and Ireland? (considering that it is Jacobite)


If yes, does this make its relations with the UK and the Republic of Ireland bad and hostile?
 
Country profile - Azawad
Azawad is a country in Western Africa, bordered in the north by France (Algeria) and Tunisia, in the west by Morocco, in the south by Mali and in the east by Libya.

History
If the history of post-colonial Africa is filled with examples of “artificial countries, Azawad would be certainly one such example. Formerly divided between French Algeria and French West Africa, the country that would become Azawad was of least concern for French authorities, who saw the Sahara desert as nothing less than a hindrance, separating the Algerian coast from Dakar or Bamako, using planes or truck caravans. As of all French territories that remained under the French Republic after the Great European War and the Syndicalist Revolution, the inhabitants of the territory were put under stress by the Algiers regime, forcing taxes and conscription on the nomadic Tuareg times. In the aftermath of the Cagoule’s coup attempt in 1937, the Tuaregs revolted under chief Akhemuk ag Immemma, the Supreme Chief of the Tuareg Confederation of Kel Ahaggar ; the Great Tuareg Revolt would have a decisive part in the French Exile Civil War (1937-1945), as it effectively cut in half the French colonial realm. Even if the Tuaregs were totally defeated during an offensive during Winter 1943-1944, the prospects of French Sahara also changed during that time, as oil was discovered in Hassi-Messaoud in 1942, a decision that would change all French interests in the region.

Saharan oil was effectively used by the Allied Armies during the Battle of Morocco and the World War; but as France had been focused on the Algerian coast before and had to deal with increasingly violent independentist revolts there, the exploitation of oil in the Sahara became all the more strategic for France, providing basic infrastructures such as roads, railroads and pipelines and agreeing to invest in the welfare and the alliance with Tuareg tribes, relying on their traditional structures to maintain order in the region. The French perspective was also to engineer jobs south of the Atlas, in order to draw Algerian poor laborers out of the coast and out of independentist influence. In 1962, the Toulon Agreements on the reform of Algeria also cut out the territories south of the Atlas from French Algeria proper, drawing them into a French Sahara Territory (Territoire du Sahara français), with its administrative centre being located in Timbuktu. Led by French civil servants dispatched from the mainland, French Sahara relied mostly on mining and oil exploitation, having the Tuaregs under a loose confederation of chietains approved by the authorities, along with an increasing Arab population. The area of the French Sahara would be reduced after Moroccan victory in the Sands War (1975-1977). In 1981, the area saw the completion of the Transsaharienne highway, a French megaproject that linked Algiers to Dakar by automobile.

The independence of the Mali Federation, Guinea and Eburnia in 1978 and the continuing unrest in Kabylia and Algeria, along with the drop in oil prices that followed the 1983 krach led the French government, along with the public opinion, to consider French Sahara as a burden, deeming it as “ a few acres of sand”, to quote Voltaire about Quebec. Initiating negotiations with the Tuareg chieftains, the Rocard administration agreed to give French Sahara its independence on 1 July 1990, giving the new country the name of Azawad, after the Berber name given to the area (Azawagh). With France retaining rights of exploitation over oil and mining, the new country was to be led by the same confederation of Tuareg tribes that had existed since 1962, a loose confederation that didn’t reflected the demographic outline of the new country, counting Arabs, Bouzou, Wodaabe, Hausa and Zarma peoples, but in fact showed the mix in the country, from the old city of Timbuktu to the North Saharan steppe, becoming one of the biggest and least densely populated countries of the world.

Establishing close links with Liberia in 1994, Azawad remained however tightly linked in France, being economically dependent from Algiers. As it would be expected from the bizarre political situation, the country descended into civil war from 2007 to 2009, pitting islamist Tuaregs against their more Sufi countrymen and Arab workers, resulting in the victory of the Islamists, supported by the French in a weird outcome of events. As a result, Azawad became officially an islamic republic in 2012, adopting the cha’ria and putting in place a tight moral order policy.

Political situation
Reflecting the social structure put in place during the days of French Sahara, Azawad’s politics have been compared to a “neo-feudal system”, “tribal anarchism” and “an islamic take on libertarianism”. Regardless of the Arabic and Berber urban population that immigrated there during French colonization, the political structure weighs on the nomadic Tuareg tribes, as it was loosely organized during the French era, resulting in a vastly decentralized state.

Legislative powers are split between the unelected Council of Tribes, an upper house formed of representatives from the main Tuareg tribes, and House of Delegates, a lower house elected for a five year term by electors, in both the cities and the countryside ; these both houses appoint the twelve members of an independent High Council, where tribal chiefs form the majority, along with the mayors of Timbuktu and Tamanghasset, the biggest cities of Azawad ; all appointed for life, they foresee the implementation of the islamic law, foreign and trade affairs. In fact, executive powers are left to the town mayors and the Tuareg tribes, who are free to implement matters relative to law enforcement, local finance, justice and other temporal matters. This extremely decentralized powers lead from time to time to frictions between the different entities, one of the reasons to the Azawadi Civil War, even if the High Council and the Federal Assembly have a supreme power of arbitration. Finally, since 2012, cha’ria serves as fundamental law and even if its application varies from region to region, Azawad mostly has a very strict implementation of it in common law.

The position of Chairman of the High Council, that serves as a nominal head of state and government, rotates annually between members of the High Council ; Iyad Ag Ghaly, appointed from the Ifogha tribe (Kidal region), serves as Chairman for the Islamic Year 1443 (10 August 2021-28 July 2022).

Social situation, population
One of the least densely populated countries of the world, Azawad nevertheless has a growing population, with more than half under 30 and a steady migration rate from refugees from war-torn Libya to Moroccans and Algerians coming to find work in the oil fields. As a consequence of this state of affairs, the Tuaregs, who hold much of the powers inside the young country, form a minority, alongside Arab and Berber migrants, but also other African tribes such as Bouzous, Wodaabes, Hausas and Zarmas ; this unequal divide of powers has led to further friction during the Civil War, with city-dwellers, more conservative, forming their own faction and supporting the islamist side. Also, due to the inhospitality of much of the country, Azawad is also essentially urban, in contrast to the nomadic lifestyle of the Tuareg tribes, with Tamanghasset soon overtaking the capital Timbuktu as the country’s largest city by 2030, under some estimates.

Due to the strict implementation of the cha’ria, protection of human rights tends to be very poor in Azawad, even if the situation can vary from region to region, but capital punishment, harsh penalties, restrictions on freedom of speech and religion are a common occurrence, along with poor treatment of women and all minorities. Along with the poor income from mine and oil field labor and the lack of centralized welfare, much of the population lives below the poverty line and without access to basic social services, leading to a general perception of Azawad as “backwards country” or, in the words of the World Council, “a country of major concern”.

Economy
If the French held for so long over Azawad, it was due to the unexpected riches of the Sahara, from oil to natural gas in Reggane and Timmimoun, along with uranium and iron ore in Agadez and large subterranean water reserves. Duly equipped and extracted by French companies, these riches allow a steady income for Azawad as a major oil-producing country, even if French, German and Chinese companies enjoy most of the benefits. Keeping it with the unique nature of Azawadi politics, the incomes are divided between each tribe, as every one of them has control over some of the fields ; this situation led to massive inequality, as proper work on these fields require a flowing workforce, provided by migrants. Even now, it’s not uncommon to see Tuareg chiefs that have exchanged their camels for brand new Ferraris, in the middle of the desert… Corruption remains an issue, even as cha’ria vehemently prohibits it. The question of using the vast of the Sahara desert for solar energy production is still being researched by the Azawadi High Council to determine whether or not solar energy is allowed by the Quran.

Military
Keeping in with their neo-feudal outline, military matters are also a prerogative of the local chiefs, keeping in militias from all able-bodied males of age, in order to maintain law and order and observance of the islamic law ; other missions assigned to the militias are the surveillance of oil and mining fields and border control, more reinforced due to the ongoing civil war in Libya and the troubles in Mali. In the early times of independence, training and equipment were the prerogatives of French military advisors ; now, the cooperation is more from Liberian or Hashemite expatriates. This decentralized form of defense also led to the Azawadi Civil War, that saw fighting between shifting coalitions of tribes and people’s militias.

Culture
The most famous heritage of Azawad is the capital, Timbuktu, the former commercial outpost of the Malian Empire, the “City of the 333 Saints” and the “Desert Pearl”, whose ancient mosques and shrines are renowned throughout Africa ; even if after the implementation of sha’ria, there had been calls to destroy the idolatrous shrines, the government have been protecting them. Closer to us is also the Transsaharienne highway, achieved in 1981 by French engineers, considered as a testimony to late colonial engineering and a tour de force in allowing traffic throughout the Sahara desert.

The riches of Timbuktu and the mesmerizing landscapes of the Sahara, along with the relative peacefulness of the country, allow tourism to be a steady income for the young country, even if islamic law create from time to time friction with tourists not respectful enough and the inhospitality of the desert provide a yearly death rate among some. Azawad also provided gorgeous filming locations for both Babelsberg and Hollywood, such as Denis Villeneuve’s Cleopatra (2019). As of local cultural life, the heavy censorship under the cha’ria have nipped in the bud such ventures.
 
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