For Want of A Sandwich - A Franz Ferdinand Lives Wikibox TL

Who was the predecessor of Pacquiao as President, I may ask? Anyways, what countries would you say are either developing nukes but haven't tested one (like how Iran is alleged to be developing nukes IOTL) or could be considered to have nuclear latency here?
Bong Revilla, who barely survived an impeachment attempt. Well, Azania is suspected of trying to manufacture their own nuclear weapons. As of nuclear latency, it would apply to Kongo, Kalahari, Katanga, Brazil, Argentina, Korea and others but they renounced their nuclear plans or chose not to.
Something’s wrong here, but it can be easily fixed. You have the image with 56-65 placed before 42-55. This makes it hard to read, but it’s mended if you swap them.

Cool to see Humphrey have a career in medicine. I’m sure the hippies appreciated it! :p

The start of the end of the HIV pandemic is another example of some good technological graces here.
It was properly fixed. As of Humphrey, knowing his first career as a pharmacist, I imagined he would take the place of Albert Hoffmann here ; as you can see, Alexander Fleming wasn't the one to develop penicilin here. And yes, science managed to get an earlier breakthrough in RNA vaccines allowed it.
What is the Islamic Republic of Indonesia like? Is it a Sunni version of Iran or would Pakistan be a better OTL equivalent for it?
Let's say more of a Erdogan version of Turkey, or maybe Pakistan.
What actually is the lore for this
I'm sorry, I didn't get your question... Do you mean the whole backstory ?
 
So, aside from the CWR leaders mentioned to be "executed in the Rouen Trials", what people exactly got tried and executed during said trials (and who got lesser sentences in said trials)?
 
Country profile - Bolivia
Bolivia is a country in South America, bordered in the north and east by Brazil, in the south by Paraguay and Argentina, in the west and south by Chile, and in the west by Peru.

History
The Liberal’s Party hegemonic rule since 1899 ended in a bloodless coup in 1920 : the new ruler, the Republican Party, insisted more on reclaiming the lost territories of the Pacific War than to preserve the stability that pleased the tin-mining oligarchy. It seemed at first, after the deposition of would-be caudillo Bautista Saavedra Mallea (1920-1925) who tried to manipulate the presidential elections, that Bolivia was headed towards democracy. But the Chaco War (1928-1930), won against Paraguay about the Gran Chaco region, ensured the popularity of Colonel German Busch, who took power in a coup in 1936. No one knew that Busch’s rule would last for more than five decades.

A man who remained an enigma during his length of rule, Busch indulged in the irredentist dreams of the Bolivian elite, and promising to make Bolivia “the beacon of civilization in South America, the successful merging of the Inca and Spanish empires” : taking advantage of the unrest in Chile, Busch allied with Argentina to invade the neighbouring country in the Second Pacific War (1938-1939), managing to win back the access to the Pacific Ocean in conquering the Atacama Desert, and cemented its rule as an absolute dictator, taking its inspiration on integralism and pyrism, better enhanced by the Second Bolivian Civil War (1942-1946), a Syndicalist uprising that started with a strike of the Catavi miners and saw a crackdown on Natives ; with the uprising taking place during the World War, Busch was able to reinforce its links with the Germans and Americans, joining the Allies in the last months of the conflict to benefit from lend-lease. A new Constitution in 1951 suspended all civil liberties and opposition, establishing Busch as the “Caudillo of the Greater Bolivian Nation”.

Busch aligned himself on the German economy after the war, providing European industry with its mining products, and played its cards right in the various wars that shook South America, aligning with Brazil in the Brazil-Argentine War (1954-1957), waging a successful war against Paraguay (1964-1967) and occupying the Acre and Cacérés regions during the Brazilian Civil War (1968-1972). Nevertheless, the assassination of opposition leader Juan Lechin in 1956 shocked German investors, and Bolivia began to turn its attention towards Japan, who finally installed a Japanese naval base in Atacama. In the context of the Greater Game and in light of the Monroe doctrine, it was a provocation for Washington, as the Scranton administration put in place an embargo on Bolivian products.

Surviving on a drip from Japanese trade, the Busch regime responded in kind by using its large coca cultures to flood the United States with Bolivian-made cocaine, effectively turning the country into a narco-state and triggering the War on Drugs whose effects are still felt in America to this day. A coup attempt by General Torres, supported by the CIA, failed in 1974, and the McGovern administration decided to fund and arm Peru, who started a war against Bolivia (1975-1977), being able to conquer Acre, Atacama and parts of northern Bolivia, but failed to overthrow the aging dictator. Japan, facing dire prospects at home, announced its intent to withdraw from Bolivia by 1979, putting the country into further disarray. The “Busch Question” was notably evoked during the 1980 presidential election debates, with the Progressives being pointed as having too soft on Bolivia, and the Ashbrook and Robertson administration continued their destabilization policies against the dictator : a coup attempt by General Alberto Natusch failed in 1982, the 1983 Krach effectively wrecked the Bolivian economy, provoking a large wave of strikes and uprisings by the miners, Japan withdraw all its activites after the Japanese Revolution, but Busch would only end his rule in death, dying of a heart attack in 1989, after 53 years of rule. The following year, General Juan José Torres, returning from exile from the United States, took power in a coup against the fledging regime.

General Torres adopted a new Constitution in 1991, restoring civil liberties and providing for free elections, while trying to redistribute the wages of mining and hydrocarbons ; nevertheless, aligning on the United States, the War on Drugs applied on Bolivia resulted in huge peasant uprisings throughout the country during the year 1994, as coca forming provided for the needs of many Bolivians. The privatization of natural gas in 1997 and an unexpected Paraguayan attack in 1998 also further destablizied the nascent democracy, with General Torres’ death in 2001 proving the final straw : the left-wing administration of Juan del Granado nationalized natural gas, drawing protest from the United States, resulting in a new US-supported military coup in 2008, that saw a new privatisation of natural gas…

By the time civil rule was restored in 2016, the Bolivian economy had been destroyed by the conflicting policies of the different administrations and the gap had widened to a terrible degree between the oligarchy and the workers ; a Workers’ Council, composed of natives and laborers from the mining and natural gas industry, took control of the State of Santa Cruz, in eastern Bolviia, the richest region in both terms of wealth, agriculture and natural resources, asking for a better redistribution of wealth throughout the country and the end of revolving door policies. The election of former Governor of Santa Cruz, right-wing candidate Ruben Costas, a proponent of harsh repression against the rebels, in 2018, kickstarted the Third Bolivian Civil War, with the Santa Cruz’s Workers’ Council declaring independence and taking arms against the central government. The War still lasts, with Peru and Paraguay intervening on their part and the Santa Cruz rebels having managed to repel all loyalist forces from their state, all in a context of a huge Wuchang pneumonia pandemic and US desperate attempts to enforce a ceasefire.

Political situation
According to its 2016 Constitution, Bolivia is a federal constitutional presidential republic, with the five-year-term popularly elected President of the Republic holding executive powers, the Congress (composed of the Chamber of Senators and Chamber of Deputies) legislative ones, the first two seating in La Paz and an independent judiciary system, headed by the Supreme Court, seated in Sucre, thus explaining why Bolivia has two capitals. Even if Spanish remains the official language of the nation, Bolivia also acknowledges its numerous Native populations, providing them with a certain degree of autonomy and seats in the Senate.

That is official : in reality, the State of Santa Cruz, the wealthiest and most populated of the nation, has been in secession from the rest of the country since the return of democracy in 2016, with a Workers’ Council refusing to acknowledge the authority of La Paz and asking for a pledge on the state-ownership of the hydrocarbons and better representation for the Natives. The election in the 2018 presidential election (boycotted by Santa Cruz) of former Governor of Santa Cruz Ruben Costas, a agricultural technician and member of the right-wing Democratic Party, was the final straw for the Workers’ Council, who denounced Costas as the incarnation of the old oligarchy and a Yankee pawn, resulting in an unilateral declaration of independence and the outbreak of a civil war, the third in Bolivian history, putting the nascent democracy in complete jeopardy.

Social situation, population
As most Latin American countries, Bolivia’s population is mostly of mixed heritage, with indigenous populations (Aymaras, Quechuas, Chiquitano, Chané, Moxos and others) forming a sizeable fifth of the total population, concentrated in western Bolivia, while mestizo and white Bolivians are mostly present in urban areas and in the state of Santa Cruz. This ethnic divide is reflected in social status, as white and recent migrants form the oligarchy that had had control of Bolivia throughout its history, forming the political, military and economic elite, while indigeneous populations forming a large part of the laborers who work in the farms, the mines or oil fields that make the supposed prosperity of Bolivia. Even if Bolivia’s population increased during the latter century, it remained a country of migration : those persecuted by the military regime fled to the United States, Europe or Argentina, while poorer populations left for employment in the resource-rich state of Santa Cruz, resulting in its wide urbanization. iAlways encouraged by the authorities with too few exceptions, the rift came to a deflegration in 2016, with a Workers’ Council, composed of improviserished and leftist mestizos and natives, all working in the mines and oil fields, seizing power and conducting a terror against landowners and mine overseers, that in turn propelled the rise of power of reactionary forces heading the industry of Santa Cruz and a new civil war. Civil liberties and state functioning have since disappeared since the eruption of the civil war, resulting in a humanitarian crisis, hunger, mass immigration, all worsened by the outbreak of the 2020 pandemic.

Economy
The World Council considers the Bolivian economy “a complete failure”. Renowned since the days of Spanish colonization as a rich country, with fertile lands ripe for agriculture (subsistance farming, soybeans, cotton, coffee, sugarcane, corn, wheat, potatoes, banana), and among the largest world reserves of silver, boron, antimony, tin, tungsten, zinc, lead, natural gas and lithium, Bolivia seemed poised to be a major player in the world economy, with its riches interesting American, German and Japanese companies throughout its recent history. It proved to be a poisoned chalice for Bolivia, as mass mining and industrialization proved disastrous for the environment and native populations and socially, as it reinforced considerably the power of the oligarchy on the back of a growing population of laborers. The corruption and cronyism of Busch’s corporatist policies, along with the poorly maintained infrastructures provided by foreign companies due to its chaotic foreign policy only worsened the problem. As Bolivia opened itself to democracy and world trade, the redistribution of wealth became a fixture of politics, with the ownership of hydrocarbons and mining industry changing hands between the state and private companies three times in two decades, subjecting the Bolivian peso to a galloping hyperinflation, making it one the weakest circulating currencies of the world and sending thousands of Bolivian families into further poverty, accelerating even more the catastrophe in Bolivia and making one of the poorest countries in the world, even as the country enjoys a incredibly rich and strategic soil. In the chaos of the Bolivian Civil War, sightings of mercenaries protecting lithium and tin mines have been reported, hired by private companies.

If one field of Bolivia’s economy isn’t in crisis, it would be the cocaine industry : encouraged by the Busch regime in retaliation for the American embargo, with all attempts at crackdown being curtailed by popular dissent, Bolivian cocaine continues to be widespread in America and Europe, providing coca farmers with some steady income while being also encouraged by all parties in the ongoing Civil War.

Military
Once the pride (and sword arm) of the Busch regime, the Bolivian Army has revealed its dire times since his return to power in the 2008-2016 period under General Manfred Reyes Villa : divided along ethnic lines, equipped with outdated Japanese-made material, noticeably corrupt and unruly, it had to return to the foreground with the outbreak of the Civil War in 2018 ; if mass conscription and martial law have been adopted, rich draftees had their families pay to avoid enlistment while desertion has been a wide problem, mostly from Native or Santa Cruzian conscripts, along with low morale. The Wuchang pneumonia outbreak decimated the ranks of the Bolivian Army since.

As of 2021, the Bolivian Army has to fight a three-side war ; first, from the Santa Cruz independantists, who have managed after three years of attrition war to expel all loyalist forces from their territory, providing a highly motivated and well disciplined defence force that has been called “a ragtag army of laborers and thieves” by official propaganda ; in 2018, Paraguay, whose claims on the Grand Chaco State have been a fixture during the whole Twentieth Century, took advantage of the unrest to invade the region, managing to beat all Bolivian opposing forces in their way ; and in 2020, Peru also joined the war, with the Doriotist regime in Lima hoping to further a new Syndicalist revolution in their neighbour, and maybe unite the two countries… According to all experts, it’s a matter of time until the front lines fall and the Bolivian Army is fully defeated.

Culture
Even if the pyrist propaganda of the Busch regime celebrated the pre-Columbian past of Bolivia, inviting German archeological expeditions to ruins such as the Gateway of the Sun at Tiwanaku and other sites of the Tiwanaku basin, the long military dictatorship was synonymous with repression and cultural segregation; the same could be said of cultural life. The only cultural remnant encouraged during the Busch regime was the traditional coca culture, that was deeply intensified to provide income for the fledging regime and remains a fixture of Bolivian agriculture, that is impossible to root out in spite of US protests, due to its cultural importance and the providing of means it represents for Bolivian peasants. Since the return of democracy in the 1990s, folk traditions have returned and were encouraged, along with cultural life but since the return of military rule in the 2010s and the later Civil War, most of Bolivia’s cultural scene is more present in New York, Los Angeles, Brazil or Argentina, with Aymara or Quechua populations being victims of the exactions from both sides, looting affecting the cultural heritage of Bolivia.
 
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I hope you shall eventually post the 1936 American Presidential Wikibox which I requested.
I will, I will !
Yeah I am really confused as to why certain things are the way they are ITTL - ie Scotland being an independent monarchy, Neo-Kemetism, etc.
I will try to answer these questions as soon as I can, but the material is heavy.
So, aside from the CWR leaders mentioned to be "executed in the Rouen Trials", what people exactly got tried and executed during said trials (and who got lesser sentences in said trials)?
It has been noted and I will try to answer it soon !
Abimael Guzmán has now died IRL, so will he die around the same time.
He has died also ITTL, and his successor is Antauro Humala.
 
And how is Chile reacting to the civil war in its neighbor? After all, they too would want Atacama back, like Paraguay which is reconquering Chaco.

PS: Minor error in your dates, 1936 to 1989 for Busch regime is 53 years, not 63.
 
Country profile - Romania
Romania is a country in Central Europe, bordered in the north by Russia, in the west by Hungary and Serbia, in the east by the Black Sea, in the east and south by Bulgaria.

History
Fully independent since 1881 after centuries of Ottoman suzerainty, Romania began the Twentieth Century with hope for prosperity and the dream of a Greater, united Romania, torn between the flourishing Bucharest, the “Paris of the Balkans” and a backward countryside, between its French model for culture, education, military and administration and the German origins of its ruling monarchs, the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringens. After conquering Southern Dobruja over Bulgaria in the Second Balkan War (1913), Romania, with the outbreak of the Great European War, had to choose “liberating” their brothers in Hungarian Transylvania or in Russian Bessarabia. The latter finally prevailed in 1920, after years of neutrality and after the war had prevailed in favor of the Alliance, declaring war over Russia. Even if the Romanian performance in the war was almost anecdotal, it contributed to further extend the Eastern Front and saw a rapid takeover of Bessarabia, that was annexed by Romania in the Treaty of Kiev that concluded the war. Deeply popular and affirming itself as a rising power in the Balkans, Romania would declare war on Hungary in 1927 with the outbreak of the Danubian War, expecting the dream of a Greater Romania to be finally at hand.

In spite of brand new landships powered by the reserves of Ploesti old fields, the Romanian Army was fraught by political infighting and corruption and were unable to progress much in the Carpathians, the Hungarian Army managing to quell down Romanian uprisings in Transylvania and to hold the Carpathian passes ; as soon as peace was achieved with Serbia, the Hungarians were able to counter-attack in Summer 1929 and by 7 June 1930, the Hungarians had entered a deserted Bucharest, while Bulgaria took advantage of the Romanian rout to occupy and annex Southern Dobruja. The Treaty of Bucharest that followed forced Romania to give Hungary control of the passes of the Carpathian Mountains and to accept to pay large war indemnities, payable in oil. The utter humiliation of the First Hungarian-Romanian War sent shockwaves throughout Romanian society, with much hatred directed on King Carol II, a womanizer who had just inherited the throne when war was declared upon Hungary ; the defeat sent Romanian politics into utter chaos, benefitting mostly the pyrist, ultranationalist, fanatically Christian and antisemitic Legion of the Archangel Michael, also known as the Iron Guard, led by its Capitanul (“Captain”) Corneliu Zelea Codreanu. Riding on discontent from both veterans and civilians, the Legion managed to come in third in the 1933 parliamentary election and was invited into a coalition led by Prince Mihail Sturdza, until Codreanu managed to compel the King to appoint him Prime Minister by 1934.

Codreanu as Prime Minister engaged into a battle of influence against Carol II and his camarilla, promising to take Romania to glory, completing an ambitious land reform that endeared him to landless peasants and holding massive rallies that propelled popular support. The conflict between the Iron Guard and the Royal Court came to blows on 10 February 1938, with Carol II formally dissolving the government and trying to rule by decree ; provoking on his command massive demonstrations across the country and after winning the support of the Commander-in-Chief of the Army, General Ion Antonescu, Codreanu managed to lead a counter-coup on 27 February, arresting the King and detaining him in Peles Castle in Sinaia. After persecuting and throwing into exile the few royal partisans the King retained, Codreanu announced, in a massive rally, the abolition of the monarchy and proclaimed a Romanian State, drawing on the pyrist and integralist principles of the Legion, with himself at his head as its Conducator (Leader). King Carol II would be executed less than three years later, in 1941, along with his whole family, with only Crown Prince Mihai being able to escape in disguise to Hungary.

The Romanian State managed to go beyond D’Annunzio’s and Maurras’ realizations in Italy and African France, establishing an extravagant and sometimes grotesque cult of personality around Codreanu (whose titles included Genius of the Carpathians and Danube of Thought), establishing a grandiose propaganda about Romanian history going back to the Dacians (in spite of historical reserves about this), building a corporatist economy built on small landowners, planification and modernization (its main legacy being the Danube-Black Sea Canal completed in 1958), consecrating Romanian Orthodoxy as the one and only religion and all aspects of life being led by Legionnary principles, all dissents being sent to labor camps in the Carpathians. Embroidered in Christian mysticism and a cult for death and war, Romanian Legionarism remains somewhat of a political anomaly in Europe, only a few steps away from the Polish Kingdom of God. But Codreanu’s worst legacy would be the extermination of the Romanian Jews, undertaken by 1941 with complete organization from the higher spheres of the state, going from wide pogroms to complete eradication in labor camps ; while the Jewish population in Romania numbered 250,000 by 1900, it was reduced to only 3,000 by 1975. The Roma population of Romania was also heavily persecuted, being forced to sedentarization in labor camps or heavily guarded ghettos in slums.

Even if Codreanu’s propaganda exalted dreams of irrendentism, the State decided to side with Russia as soon as Germany fell to Syndicalist forces in 1944, entering the Russian sphere of influence throughout the World War and the Greater Game, with Russian troops being deployed in Bessarabia. Russian influence forced Romania to back down after declaring a new war against Hungary in 1956, forcing both nations to a ceasefire in a month ; it also proved determinant for Codreanu in defeating a coup attempt from his former ally, Prince Alexandru Cantacuzino, in 1954, and having some humanitarian help in the nationwide hunger that stroke Romania in 1965-1966, after a poor harvest failed to be compensated by the corporatist economy. With the Great Slovakian Revolt striking Hungary, an aging Conducator declared a new war upon Hungary on 1968, that quickly ended in utter Romanian defeat, almost as embarrassing as was 1930; the Russians, by then fed up with Codranu’s unreliability, invaded Moldavia. With all promises from the harsh Romanian State in shreds, all of Romania felt into riots and rightful Mihai, the last of his line, crossed the Bulgarian-Hungarian border under popular acclaim ; on 21 August 1968, Codreanu was deposed in a military coup by Colonel Ion Mihai Pacepa, heading a military junta ; as Codreanu would die forgotten by all, in exile in Ankara in 1976, his downfall triggered a three-way Romanian Civil War, between the Bulgarian-backed monarchists, the Russian-backed Iron Guard and the democratic popular opposition.

The Romanian Civil War saw the complete devastation of Bucharest, while civilian refugees fled into Bulgaria and Hungary ; the democratic opposition was the first side to go in the Battle of Bucharest by 1969, while the Russians, having secured full control of Moldavia, decided to continue to hold their positions over the Dniester by proclaiming a Kingdom of Moldavia with support from the local elites, placing Prince Paul Muruzi as its King and local Governor Alexandru Usatiuc-Bulgar as Prime Minister ; seeing that the chances of the Iron Guard were faltering, Colonel Pacepa decided to defect by 31 October 1970 to the monarchists with most of the Romanian State’s Army. By 6 July 1971, the Iron Guard had been totally defeated in Wallachia and was under total control of King Mihai and General Pacepa. The Treaty of Budapest, the same month, officially split the former Romania into Russian-controlled Moldavia and the fully independent Kingdom of Wallachia at the River Buzau. Bulgaria, that had largely supported Wallachia, took control of the whole Dobrudja region as spoils of war.

The Kingdom of Wallachia (or Kingdom of Romania, as it referred to itself), with its capital in the largely destroyed Bucharest, saw its legitimacy from the return of King Mihai, who promised to heal the utter destruction of the Romanian State and to rebuild Romanian society after thirty years of Legionary control. Integrating the Reichspakt to protect itself from Russian interests and earning massive economic help from the World Council to rebuild the country, Wallachia was first a military dictatorship ruled by General Pacepa until the 1977 earthquake in Bucharest and the massive demonstrations that followed led to General Pacepa’s dismissal in 1978, restablishing democracy under Prime Minister Mircea Ionescu-Quintus, who initiatied the National Reconciliation Process to help and refund the victims of the Romanian State (even if the Wallachian government forgot about the remaining Jewish population). In 1987, King Mihai was able to inaugurate the rebuilt administrative buildings in downtown Bucharest, consecrating Wallachia’s slow rebirth.

Moldavia, with its capital in Iasi, that had been integrated into Romania in 1859, was seen during its short existence as a Russian puppet state, a necessary state as formerly Russian Bessarabia had been part of Romania for fifty years and as its annexation would only endanger the fragile ethnic stability of the Russian Empire. With Paul Muruzi serving as King and local politician Usatiuc-Bulgar as Prime Minister, the small state saw massive Russian military presence, and settlement by some Russians was encouraged by Moscow at some degree.

After violent skirmishes in 1988, war between Wallachia and Moldavia erupted in December 1989 and quickly became a proxy war between Germany and Russia, each major nation refusing to directly implicate itself in the Romanian Conflict ; on 15 June 1990, the Wallachians entered Iasi and King Paul was murdered by a disgruntled veteran. The reunification of both countries seemed at hand but was vetoed by Russia, the peace saw the establishment of a political and economic union between both countries and the demilitarization of the River Buzau, with both countries proclaiming their neutrality and Romania ceasing to be a hot zone for the Greater Game. As Russian settlers and Slavic inhabitants of Moldovia immigrated into Russia, and as a military government was installed in Wallachia after a miners’ strike in 1990, Pan-Romanian parties came to power in both countries, through elections in Wallachia with Corneliu Tudor in 1992, and with a coup in Moldavia, through Anatol Salaru in 1994. Both countries made preparations as Russia was in shambles and on 1 January 1998, Romania was reunified, with King Mihai and Prime Minister Corneliu Tudor at its helm.

The new Romania entered into a nationalist rhetoric under the guidance of Corneliu Tudor, who draw inspiration upon the nostalgia from the Codreanu regime ; Russophones were persecuted in the former Moldavia and Tudor reaffirmed its dreams for a Greater Romania, finally taking over Transylvania and reconquering Dobruja ; even if both countries were members of the Reichspakt, a new war against Hungary was declared in 2004, and ended in a new Hungarian victory and a return to statu quo ante. This conflict, along with Tudor’s decision to grant Romanian citizenship to all ethnic Romanians in Hungary, led the Reicshpakt and the European Community to expel Romania in 2007. Even the 2009 hunger and the refusal to acknowledge the Jewish genocide in 2012 failed to impede Tudor’s popularity and after his death in 2015, a military coup by General Mircea Chelaru followed to avoid infighting and instability. King Mihai, who had been the monarch of the Romanians officially since 1938 and officiously since 1968, died in 2017 and was succeeded by his eldest daughter Margareta.

Political situation
According to its Constitution, adopted upon reunification on 1 January 1998 and modeled on the Constitution of Wallachia, Romania is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, the Constitution providing for sizeable autonomy for both former countries of Wallachia and Moldavia. Citizenship is based on jus sanguinis as in Germany, thus controversially granting Romanian citizenship to Hungarians of Romanian origin and emigrated Romanian Jews, but also depriving Roma inhabitants from Romanian citizenship. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislative powers and based on the Napoleonic Code ; as the monarch only retains ceremonial powers save for a right to veto, most executive powers are concentrated on the Prime Minister, appointed by the monarch upon assent of the majority of the unicameral Parliament. The Constitution also officially establishes claims upon Hungarian Transylvania and Bulgarian Dobruja, considering both areas, constituant of Greater Romania, as being “under foreign occupation”.

Since 2017, Margareta of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen has been Queen regnant of Romania, as the eldest daughter of King Mihai, who had the succession law modified in 1987 to allow his daughter to ascend, basing the reform upon the Russian law of succession ; married to Scottish-born commoner Prince Iasi (born Gordon Brown), her heir is Crown Prince Mihai, who would bear the near of Brown-Hohenzollern.

Since a military coup on 30 October 2015, the Constitution has been suspended and the office of Prime Minister has been occupied by General Mircea Chelaru, Chief of the Romanian General Staff, who has since placed the country under a state of emergency and has claimed to be only running current affairs, promising to have civilian rule reinstated. General elections, earlier expected to happen in 2017 and 2021, have been cancelled, first due to incapacitation of the King and second due to the Wuchang Pneumonia pandemic. It seems now that General Chelaru has been taking inspiration from his colleague Pierre de Villiers in France and is here to remain. He has been actively pursuing reintegration of Romania into the Reichspakt, promising to tone down the official propaganda against Hungary and Bulgaria.

Social situation, population
Crossing the Carpathians allow the average traveller to hear speak Romanian in both countries, but the differences between the fate of Romanians in Hungary or in Romania is very different ; as the Hungarian Romanians urbanized themselves and enjoy an average standard of living, it is now more populated than Romania itself, that had to experience thirty years of Legionary oppression, four wars against Hungary, a Civil War, a genocide of its Jewish population, while cities have been deserted due to Codreanu’s promises for a bright future for small landowners and farmers (and the hungers in 1965 and 2009 proved this policy wrong) and the utter destruction of Bucharest, once the Little Paris of the East, in both the Civil War and the 1977 earthquake. The same contrast can be seen with formerly Romanian and currently Bulgarian Dobruja, and the Romanian diaspora, focused in Germany, France, Australia, Russia and the United States, continues to grow in face of the military dictatorship and continued economic distress.

The legacy of the Romanian State is also quite noticeable in the pyramid of ages, as the natalist policies of Codreanu encouraged Romanian women to stay at home and to benefit from state support, only managing to overpopulate state-run orphanages, street gangs and the fertility rate to drop in the ensuing years, making the Romanian government fear a boomer effect as soon as more and more Romanians will reach the age of retirement. The chauvinistic and irredentist streak of the government since reunification has also led to a complete suppression of local minorities, most notably the Roma, that were heavily persecuted under the Romanian State and are still being denied basic civil rights and citizenship as of 2021, many of them preferring to go into Bulgaria or Hungary. The rift is also noticeable between Wallachia and Moldavia, the former having benefitted from some democracy and some help from the World Council and the Reichspakt and the latter having served as a backwater and a garrison of the Russian Army.

Economy
One of the poorest economies in Europe, Romania has suffered from three decades of enforced and rurally-based corporatism, a civil war, the destruction of its political and economic capital (Bucharest), more than two decades of national division and has been unable to keep track of the rapidly changing European economy. The skilled workforce and low wages in Romania has made the country one of Europe’s leading destination for industry and manufacturing despite not being part of the European Community, with more than 33 % of German cars being made in Romania, with transport equipment, pharmaceuticals, printing and robotic parts, military gear, footwear, textile, agricultural products, mobile technology and information security softwares being made inside the country. In spite of this industrial cornucopia, foreign investment has failed to rain upon Romania, due to massive foreign debt (mostly due to the reconstruction of Bucharest) and high running inflation, with the aging population being also a factor for future upheavals, along with the lack of interest into ecologically updating Romania’s industry.

Along with the industry, Romania has also a massive mining industry, with considerable natural resources such as coal, iron core, copper, chromium, uranium, gold, feldspar, marble and pyrites, but also fossil fuels, with Ploiesti oil fields making Romania’s the highest producer of oil during the World War ; years of poor management along with destruction during the Civil War have since disrupted the production of oil. Rebuilt by Germany after the partition, Romanian mining industry has been looked down by European investors due to ecological concerns and the passage to a service-dominant economy after the 1980s economic krach. Even if it remains a large provider of employment, the imports of its resources has since turned towards Russia, China and Latin America.

Military
Suspended from the Reichspakt since 2007, due to the Tudor administration’s decision to grant Romanian citizenship to Romanian inhabitants of Hungary,, Romania had lost all its wars since its successful participation in the Great European War, four times against Hungary (1927-1930, 1956, 1968, 2004). Equipped with outdated German equipment and some leftovers from the Russian presence in Moldavia, with some of its navy vessels in the Black Sea and airplanes dating back to the 1980s, the Romanian Army has also a reputation for corruption and incompetence, a fact denied by the current military regime, in place since 2015. In spite of its poor performances, the Romanian Army still rules as a kingmaker over Romanian politics and of tremendous influence, having its own television channel for example. Romania is also noticeable for the number of firearms present in its civilian population, from the hunting rifle to the military-grade assault weapon, another legacy of the Romanian State that encouraged the Cult of the Warrior and the preparedness of all Romanian males, another feature that would turn against them in the Romanian Civil War.

Culture
Once heavily Francophile, Romanian culture veered from its French model after the Syndicalist Revolution, turning more towards Italy for inspiration ; it led, in a certain way, to the rise of pyrism in Romania in form of the Legion of the Archangel Michael. Subject to close political supervision and a lasting shadow of the Orthodox Church, cultural life was all but suppressed during the Romanian State, all energies being redirected to propaganda and exaltation of the Christian and national mystique, along with folk traditions ; even writers who had been supporters of the Iron Guard, such as Mircea Eliade or Emil Cioran, were forced into exile or imprisoned due to their unorthodox positions. Ever since, the Romanian diaspora was blooming culturally, with such artists as Tristan Tzara, Constantin Brancusi, Paul Celan or Eugen Ionescu making their careers in Germany. Since reunification, Romania has been blooming and even encouraged by the military regime, mostly in cinema, with Cristian Mungiu and Cristi Puiu enjoying excellent careers in Babelsberg.

In sports, Romania has also been noticeable, mostly in the early 1990s, with ASA Bucuresti rising to the summit of European soccer. Also noticeable was gymnast Nadia Comaneci, running for Moldavia in the 1976, 1980 and 1984 Olympic Games and winning a record twelve gold medals in all three competitions, becoming one of the best athletes ever to compete in the Olympics. She would later serve as Minister of Sports in Corneliu Tudor’s administration.

The ultranationalist rhetoric of the Romanian State, somehow revived during the Tudor era, has led to a jingoistic interpretation of Romanian history, proclaiming the Romanians to be the direct heirs of the Roman Empire and the beacon of civilization in the Balkans. It is common to see grandiose epic films about the deeds of Vlad Tepes and Stephen the Great, and it has led to some incidents that were heavily derided in the Western World, such as Corneliu Tudor petitioning the World Council to have Trajan’s Column, that commemorates Roman victory against the Dacians, repatriated from Rome to Romania to be destroyed, or posters proudly proclaiming Codreanu to be “the new Dracula”,in front of the extensively restored Bran Castle. Nevertheless, the mixing of politics with history, also known as “Dacianism”, have led Romanian universities to be the subject of ridicule.
 
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And how is Chile reacting to the civil war in its neighbor? After all, they too would want Atacama back, like Paraguay which is reconquering Chaco.

PS: Minor error in your dates, 1936 to 1989 for Busch regime is 53 years, not 63.
Chile is in a "wait and see" situation. They mind their own business, they claim they don't want anything to do with this whole business and a big desert, but they try to see who gets the upper hand to make their move.

PS : Thanks, it's corrected.
 
How brutal was CWR rule over areas they conquered in the war they had? Any prominent atrocities which occurred? I guess the Dutch royals getting the Romanov treatment was an example of it as the Netherlands is a republic ITTL.
 
I’d be curious about the state of Bollywood, if it even exists. I‘m assuming it is pretty much just a propaganda arm for the Bharatavarsha military?
 
Country profile - Nicaragua
Nicaragua is a country in Central America, bordered in the north by Honduras, in the west by the Pacific Ocean, in the east by the Caribbean Sea and in the south by Costa Rica.

History
Officially, the United States occupation of Nicaragua, starting in 1912, was to put down the ongoing political friction between the conservative and liberal fractions ; in fact, it was to secure the country in order to launch into motion the building of a Nicaragua Canal, taking advantage of the large Lake Nicaragua to double the capacity and trade passing through the recently constructed Panama Canal ; in 1914, as the first canal was inaugurated in Panama, the Bryan-Chamorro Treaty made Nicaragua a quasi-protectorate of the United States and provided the legal frame for building a prospective canal on the territory of Nicaragua. President Theodore Roosevelt had had Congress ratify the budget for the creation of a second transoceanic canal in Central America in 1923, kickstarting the construction of the Nicaragua Canal. Two years later, most American troops left Nicaragua, except in the area of the construction site, between Brito (Pacific Ocean) and Punta Gorda (Atlantic Ocean) through Lake Nicaragua. Even a new liberal uprising in 1929, led by politician Juan Bautista Sacasa, didn’t convince the United States to bring back the boots, as Sacasa was clear in the beginning that he wouldn’t make any move against American interests.

In 1934, after nine years of works, the Canal had reached Lake Nicaragua from the Atlantic and completion was at hand, when pro-Mexican and Syndicalist officer Augusto César Sandino overthrew President Sacasa in a military coup ; the United States, suffering from instabily and economic depression at home, had no choice, in the face of a Syndicalist uprising in the Americas, but to stop the construction of the nearly achieved canal, as Sandino soon joined the Socialist Republic of Central America in 1936, serving as deputy for President Farabundo Marti. The Nicaragua Canal would resume construction in 1942, with funding coming the CWR, only to be again interrupted by the start of the World War one year later ; in 1947, the United States and Mexico, joining the Allies, invaded the Central American Republic ; Sandino became President after the capture of Marti, and began a guerilla against the Allies, lasting until 1950 and the fall of Managua to an American-Mexican force. Sandino went into exile, dying in Chile in 1971, and Nicaragua remained under United States occupation until 1958 ; in spite of continued Syndicalist activity, the Nicaragua Canal was completed and inaugurated in 1954 and lent to the United States government for a 99-years-lease.

In 1952, Nicaragua fully recovered its independence and seemed to become an archetypal banana republic, controlled closely by the United States and fueled by the new Nicaragua Canal : however, its 31-years-long construction and the competition from the long-active Panama Canal meant that the economic benefits remained low in comparison for the funds invested, as the canal, undertaken in the 1920s, was already quite obsolete in the era of air cargo. Populist three-term (1962-1967, 1972-1977, 1982-1986) President Pedro Joaquin Chamorro Cardena, wanting to increase his electoral base after the highly destructive Managua earthquake in 1972, took the rise of the McGovern Administration as an opportunity to strike the balance between Nicaragua and the US, threatening to have the canal blockaded if the United States didn’t agree to give Nicaragua full ownership of the canal. For the McGovern administration, the opportunity to lessen their budget abroad for a canal that didn’t work too well was too good, and on 1 January 1978, Chamorro could announce the nationalization of the Nicaragua Canal… Only for the management to become chaotic and ripe with corruption, and the maintenance costs of the canal to prove a heavy burden on Nicaraguan finances. In 1983, the economic crisis further wrecked Nicaragua’s economy, forcing President Chamorro to send the military in the Miskito Coast to find for more possible ports in order to accomodate more ships. Even if the Nicaragua Canal benefitted from the blockade put in place by Panama, the poisoned chalice of the Nicaragua Canal’s state ownership and the economic crisis put an end to Chamorro’s presidency, ending in 1986 with a military coup by General Enrique Bermudez, supported by the United States ; the first step of Bermudez’s military dictatorship was to privatize the Nicaragua Canal, mostly to American companies.

Bermudez relinquished power in 2001, restoring civilian rule in Nicaragua ; now, the country has plenty to do with natural disasters, such as hurricanes, and still with the largely ineffective Nicaragua Canal, that was blocked for two weeks by the grounding of a Japanese cargo in the road between the Pacific Ocean and Lake Nicaragua, prompting calls for the widening of the canal, that is impossible due to the small resources of the Nicaraguan government.

Political situation
After the return of democracy in 2001, Nicaraguan politics have been very peaceful, modeled on a two-party system between Conservatives and Liberals, as it had always been the case during Nicaraguan history, save from Sandino’s Syndicalist policies, now completely forgotten to history since the return of independence in 1952. The President of the Republic is elected by universal suffrage for a single five-year-term : the current President if Aminta Granera, a Conservative, former Minister of the Interior, whose term, beginning in 2016, is to end in November 2021, being forbidden by the 1990 Constitution to serve consecutive mandates. The National Assembly, the single house of legislature, is also elected for five years by universal suffrage ; law is modeled on civil law. A member of the Havana Treaty Organization, if a peaceful country in Latin America, Nicaragua is not considered a full democracy, considering the amount of corruption and suspicions of fraud in elections, along with pressure against whistleblowers or critics.

Social situation, population
With more than 6 million inhabitants, a sixth of them living in the capital, Managua, and having one of the highest birth raters in the Western Hemisphere, Nicaragua can also account for a positive net migration, as the fortunes of locals have been improving since the opening of the Canal and reduced emigration to the United States, while skilled immigrants (Chinese, Latin American or African) have come to work in the Canal. As most Latin American countries, the population of Nicaragua results from a mix of Spanish, Native, African and other descent, with sizeable Native (5 %) and Black (9 %) minorities, with Roman Catholicism serving as the almost exclusive religious denomination.

Economy
The biggest upheaval in the Nicaraguan economy since the end of the Central American Republic was the opening of the Nicaragua Canal : after more than three decades of intermittent engineering, owned by an alliance of American companies since 1987, the Nicaragua Canal was seen at times as an unnecessary double for the Panama Canal, an obsolete work and a hazard for the country’s environment. Nevertheless, even if maritime fret has been reduced since the 1980s crisis, the Nicaragua Canal effectively serves as a good reducer for traffic in Transamerican trade, avoiding congestion in Panama even if the blocking of the Canal in 2018 stressed the limits of the current project. However, nor the government neither its investors have been ready to modernize the canal, called by some historians “Roosevelt’s folly”.

Nevertheless, the consequences have been visible in Nicaragua, once one of the poorest countries in the Americas : taxes and revenues from the lease of the Canal allowed the nation to effectively rebuild Managua after the 1972 earthquake and to rebuild parts of the country ravaged by recent hurricanes (Mitch 1998, Felix 2007, Nate 2017) ; even if efforts remain to be made in the fields of education or health, more and more Nicaraguans have been able to rise from poverty, working in the primary sectors, as tourism, coffee production, cattle farming remain among the main sources of revenue in the country, as corruption and organized crime take their toll over Nicaragua’s economy, even if the country is now considered a developing country, with reduced infant mortality and growing alphabetization.

Military
In power from 1986 to 2001, the Nicaraguan Army has abstained from political participation since the return of democracy, but remains the blackest spot on Nicaragua’s politics ; not that the Bermudez dictatorship was among the bloodiest in Latin America, where many regimes can pretend to the infamous title, but in spite of investigations from the World Council and the Havana Treaty Organization, perpetrators remain free and without prosecution in spite of many human rights abuses, targeted assassinations, crimes and massacres against opponents and the Natives ; although not that big in size, the Nicaraguan Army collects its fair share in the exploitation of the Canal and the corruption that follows and the extent of mysterious killings targeting journalists, activists and whistleblowers is still concerning for Nicaragua.

Culture
Renowned for its lakes and volcanoes, Nicaragua puts forwards its lush landscapes as one of its main assets for the economy, even if the consequences of the building and maintenance of the canal have been disastrous for the ecosystem of Lake Nicaragua ; the still vivid and preserved Native traditions along the Miskito Coast have also helped for the touristic renown of Nicaragua, along with his poetic traditions, embodied by authors such as Ruben Dario, Ernesto Cardenal, Rigoberto Lopez Perez and Gioconda Belli. The peacefulness of the country have led to Nicaragua being one of most favourite tourist destinations in Latin America in the 2010s.
 
who is his OTL Real names of King Robert IV of Scotland, King Aleksandar of of Estonia and OTL name of Hohenzollern Livonian King
Robert IV would be a son of Leopold of Bavaria ; Aleksandar of Estonia is a son of Alexander of Hesse, son to Grand Duke Georg Donatus ; Adalbert II of Livonia is the son of Prince Wilhelm Victor of Prussia.
How brutal was CWR rule over areas they conquered in the war they had? Any prominent atrocities which occurred? I guess the Dutch royals getting the Romanov treatment was an example of it as the Netherlands is a republic ITTL.
A genocide of the Jews (due to left-wing antisemitism), aristocrats, clergymen and huge massacres and destructions accross Germany. The Dutch Royal Family wasn't off-ed by the Syndies, but the Pope was.
I’d be curious about the state of Bollywood, if it even exists. I‘m assuming it is pretty much just a propaganda arm for the Bharatavarsha military?
It's the shadow of its former self, it has become a heavily censored propaganda machine, delivering religious and historical epics every month.
 
A genocide of the Jews (due to left-wing antisemitism), aristocrats, clergymen and huge massacres and destructions accross Germany. The Dutch Royal Family wasn't off-ed by the Syndies, but the Pope was.
What became of the Dutch Royals for the Dutch to become a republic post-war? And on that note, were gas chambers and death camps used or was it more like the USSR's purges where the victims were shot in prison basements after five minute show trials?
 
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Robert IV would be a son of Leopold of Bavaria ; Aleksandar of Estonia is a son of Alexander of Hesse, son to Grand Duke Georg Donatus ; Adalbert II of Livonia is the son of Prince Wilhelm Victor of Prussia.

A genocide of the Jews (due to left-wing antisemitism), aristocrats, clergymen and huge massacres and destructions accross Germany. The Dutch Royal Family wasn't off-ed by the Syndies, but the Pope was.

It's the shadow of its former self, it has become a heavily censored propaganda machine, delivering religious and historical epics every month.
You mean Luitpold of Bavaria who is Vytautas III of Lithuania in this scenario?
 
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