For Want of A Sandwich - A Franz Ferdinand Lives Wikibox TL

So, what became of Benito Mussolini ITTL without his experiences in the Great War? Does he stay a socialist or does he still move to the right politically? Also, as Feng "baptized his troops with a firehose" Yuxiang became leader of China ITTL, how big is Christianity in China compared to OTL?
 
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Curious about the demographics of French Algeria and Kabylia. I'm assuming the Pied-Noir never left, so how much do they account for the population?

Thank you for always taking the time to answer our many questions!
 
2020 also saw the questionable management of the Wuchang Pneumonia pandemic, with the General along with his minister of Health Laurent Alexandre publicly questioning the very existence of the coronavirus, refusing to put in place any restriction or even vaccination, allowing the coronavirus to flow into France and to create a much more contagious and deadly “French variant”.
Aside from France, what countries have epicly failed at handling the Wuchang Pneumonia/alt-COVID-19 compared to their OTL performance? Also, how have rogue states like Peru, Bharatvarsha, and Azania tackled the pandemic? I assume "poorly".
 
Wuchang Pneumonia pandemic
Disclaimer : this posting and all illustrations are products of counterfactual history, taking part on a wider worldbuilding effort surrounding an alternate history written on alternatehistory.com, trying to reflect the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic in an alternate timeline where Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary wasn’t assassinated in 1914 and to reflect the cultural and geopolitical differences from our timeline. So, all content here is fictitious and intended as such and doesn’t reflect the reality and the scope of the ongoing pandemic, nor does it endorse any political reaction to the pandemic. Please use medical sources to inform yourself on Covid-19.

PS : If any moderator feel that this posting violates the rules of the board, I would be happy to discuss it and edit it as such.


WuchangPneumonia.jpg


The coronavirus pandemic, better known as the Wuchang Pneumonia (WP) pandemic, is an ongoing global pandemic of the novel coronavirus disease, caused by SARS-CoV-2. First identified in December 2019 in Wuchang, Hubei, China, the virus was declared as a public health emergency by the World Council on 14 January 2020 and declared a pandemic on 5 April 2020. As of July 2021, more than 550 million cases have been confirmed while the death toll neared the 8 million, making the Wuchang Pneumonia one of the deadliest pandemics in history. (...)

Identified on 28 December 2019 by doctors from Wuchang Central Hospital, concerned by a rapid outbreak around the Huanan Seafood Market in Wuchang, the coronavirus was rapidly acknowledged by the Chinese government who notified the World Council Health Agency, putting in place an tracking and isolation of patients in Hubei Province according to plans laid down after the 2002-2004 SARS epidemic, but President Gao Zhisheng was reluctant to cancel the Lunar New Year events, scheduled for 25 January 2020 to celebrate the Year of the Rat, festivites attended throughout China and engineering large economic impacts, particularly from returning members of the Chinese diaspora ; the President believed that the disease was a mere pneumonia and had been successfully contained to Hubei. (...) The Lunar New Year celebrations provoked in turn a massive outbreak of the coronavirus disease throughout China, forcing the government to adopt emergency measures and initiate a national lockdown in Febraury along with closing all borders, putting 2 billion citizens in effective lockdown and disrupting Chinese and global economy. Members of the Chinese diaspora who had attended the New Year festivities and returned to their countries of adoption helped spread the Wuchang Pneumonia. (...)

As the disease was spreading throughout Asia, the Wuchang Pneumonia’s foremost geopolitical consequence (apart from the Chinese economy krach and Sinophobian worldwide riots) was to stop the Second Mesopotamian War that had started between Iran and the Hashemite Empire on March 2020; turning into a war of attrition, massive concentration and promiscuity of troops on the frontline also deeply accelerated the spread of the disease throughout the Middle East, with casualties from the Wuchang Pneumonia rapidly exceeding those from combat, forcing both parties to conclude a ceasefire in light of the sanitary situation. As of July 2021, ceasefire is still enforced by World Council observers but seems fragile… (...)

If the closing of borders and lockdowns initiated in China and Russia allowed for a containment of the disease, along with strict quarantine measures initiated by the Feingold administration and the Havana Treaty Organization throughout America according to the Keating Plan, the Wuchang Pneumonia would have a massive outbreak in Europe during Summer 2020 ; the hands-off and darwinist approach from the European Community remained the rule even after the blooming of clusters observed after the European Championship organized in Hungary in June-July, but the Rome Summer Olympic Games resulted in a massive outbreak throughout Europe, that was curtailed thanks to the early preventive vaccination campaign initiated in Germany and neighbouring countries. (...)

As soon as the SARS-CoV-2 genetic sequence was analyzed, Chinese doctors partnered with German teams to prepare for an efficient vaccine against the Wuchang Pneumonia, due to German advance in genetics and their successes in fighting HIV and other infectious diseases ; in late April 2020, Bayer was able to announce the completion and succesful testing of a very efficient vaccine, that was almost immediately approved for distribution throughout the European Community, allowing breakouts that erupted after the European Championship and the Olympic Games to be contained. Even if German pharmaceutics are widely renowned for their technological advance, a major scandal arose in June after it was revealed that the test phases were rushed and almost exclusively tested on human clones, many of them not being volunteers at all and dying in the process, reigniting concerns about human cloning ethics. (...)

Even if as of July 2021, more than 4.7 billion people have been vaccinated against the Wuchang Pneumonia, the overwhelming size of the Chinese population, in the Middle East or the Indian Subcontinent have resulted in a stalling against vaccination, even if anti-vaccination mobilization has remained anecdotical. Due to the huge circulation of the virus in these countries, more contagious French, Swedish, Russian, Kurdish or Arabic variants continue to strike throughout the world. .(...)

Covidmap.png


National responses

Europe

The European Community, after an emergency meeting chaired by German Chancellor Markus Söder, adopted in February a strategy of reaching mass immunity for the European continent, leaving open all public gatherings and not making any restrictions, except for travellers returning from Asia, in order to not disturb the European economy as much as the Chinese one. When confronted with the risk of excess mortality of elderly or fragile population, German Vice-Chancellor Thomas Kemmerich pointed out that “the German nation is composed by strong people who have to go through the struggle for life ; weak elements are not supposed to stay, have already made their contribution to society and were bound to die anyway ; it is the same in the animal kingdom and none have a problem against that. It led to critics to point out the social darwinist and eugenist nature of the European strategy, and political experts have pointed out that this “heartless” policy led to Söder’s defeat in the German general election later in 2020. (...)

Following with German example, Hungarian and Italian governments decided against postponing or cancelling major sport events, respectively the European Championship for Association Football and the Summer Olympic Games, both of them led to a tragic spike in infections throughout their countries… (...)

The necessity to control its borders convinced the German General Staff to withdraw its troops from Belgium and Madagascar… (...)

Early discovery of an efficient vaccine in April 2020 by Bayer led to a rapid preventive vaccination campaign throughout Europe, becoming compulsory during Autumn 2020, even managing to decrease the impact of the Wuchang Pneumonia after the pandemic effectively reached Europe after the Rome Olympics… (...)

On the contrary of Germany and allies, Russia and the United Kingdom adopted a strict restriction policies, complete with local lockdowns, closure of borders and month-long quarantines for foreign visitors, the former due to its close proximity with China and its large Chinese community, the latter due to Rushanara Ali’s cautious policies, even if the passing of the Prince of Wales due to Wuchang Pneumonia became a cause célèbre for vaccination. In the immediate opposite, the French government, headed by Pierre de Villiers’ military cabinet, deeply questioned the reality of the Wuchang Pneumonia and the necessity of all restrictions, allowing the virus to spread throughout France and Algeria and making thousands of deaths. (...)

Asia

Decisions to delay social restrictions until after the Lunar New Year celebration, influx of Chinese living abroad, and troop movements in the Middle East led to a massive outbreak throughout Asia during February 2020, resulting in hundreds of thousands of deaths… (...)

The state of unrest in the Indian Subcontinent, even more exacerbated by the military coup in Bharatavarsha, proved detrimental to the whole region, along with the large Chinese community in Australia… (...)

Numbering 2 billion people, China has had trouble to implement its vaccination policies, on the contrary of Japan, Korea, Indochina or Australia. (...)

Africa
The pandemic made few damage in Africa, apart from Egypt that was forced to close its borders due to its proximity with the Middle East, or Zanzibar due to its large trade links with the Middle East. The Azanian government claimed that the Wuchang Pneumonia was a western lie and delivered no data on the spread of the coronavirus there… (...)

America

The Keating Plan, devised by the Keating Administration in 2004 after having studied the consequences of the SARS epidemic in China, was widely implemented by President Russ Feingold, being granted emergency powers by Congress and convicing other members of the Havana Treaty Organization to implement the measures of strict closure of borders, local lockdowns as soon as cases of Wuchang Pneumonia appeared along with strict quarantines for all foreign visitors ; these measures, conducted mostly on the West Coast and on the Mexican border, allowed America to have relatively few Wuchang Pneumonia clusters as compared to Asia and Europe, along with strong restrictions and incentives for vaccination. These measures went as far as the 2020 presidential election : after being refused by Congress the possibility to postpone it, the administration devolved 2 billion dollars to have voting delayed over a whole week, all-guaranteed postal voting, sometimes compulsory in the most populated states and even online and verified voting put in place in major cities. (...)

Economy
Due to its late and rushed lockdown and massive closure of all trade along with shops or business districts, the Chinese economy, that had experienced yearly growth and that had been the world’s first economy, experienced its worst economic crisis in its history, the yuan losing 15 % of its value during Spring 2020 ; in the mean time, the United States, where the pandemic was kept under control, and Germany, where little to no restrictions, took place, its main competitors, saw no such disruption. As of Summer 2021, the Chinese economy has since recovered a bit, but effets of the krach are still felt throughout Asia… (...)

Anti-Chinese riots
Many commentators have pointed out that the disease’s popular name, the Wuchang Pneumonia, remained racist, as it put the blame on a particular city in China ; the name “Chinese coronavirus” used in other countries was also criticized… (...)

Popular fear against Chinese immigrants, pointed out as main vectors for the spread of the pandemic for right or wrong reasons, led to massive pogroms against Chinese communities throughout the world, where the worst were in Vancouver (Borealia), Zanzibar,throughout Russia (mostly in Moscow or along the Sino-Russian border), in Korea, in Japan, in Indochina, in Berlin (Germany), London (England), Paris (France), Rome (Italy), Cairo (Egypt), Los Angeles, San Francisco or Seattle (United States) ; these violences only exacerbated Sinophobia, already prevalent before the pandemic, and led to the constitution of citizens’ militias to protect Chinese communities against popular violence throughout the world...
 
So, what became of Benito Mussolini ITTL without his experiences in the Great War? Does he stay a socialist or does he still move to the right politically? Also, as Feng "baptized his troops with a firehose" Yuxiang became leader of China ITTL, how big is Christianity in China compared to OTL?
Mussolini was a leader to a Syndicalist uprising following the one in France, he got quickly killed in the repression.
Seventy years later, the influence of Christianity in China is relatively small : Feng Yuxiang remained pragmatic when he ruled China and later policies encouraged nationalism and return to Confucean values, so even if Chinese Christians are well off, numbering millions, it's a mere minority in China.
I assume that these battleships were either obsolete or resembled beefed-up Kirov-class BCGNs or both.
Blame it on my poor English...
Curious about the demographics of French Algeria and Kabylia. I'm assuming the Pied-Noir never left, so how much do they account for the population?

Thank you for always taking the time to answer our many questions!
Except in downtown Algiers, Constantine and Oran (officially), the Arabs outnumber the Pieds-Noirs, even if the French made extensive efforts to remove Arabic-speaking peoples to Azawad and encourage their migration to Morocco, Libya and Tunisia. They are a reliable workforce for French industry.
It's a pleasure, the scope of this timeline is so overwhelming, I'm happy to answer as best as I can.
Aside from France, what countries have epicly failed at handling the Wuchang Pneumonia/alt-COVID-19 compared to their OTL performance? Also, how have rogue states like Peru, Bharatvarsha, and Azania tackled the pandemic? I assume "poorly".
Here you got a whole update dedicated to it !
 
Mussolini was a leader to a Syndicalist uprising following the one in France, he got quickly killed in the repression.
Seventy years later, the influence of Christianity in China is relatively small : Feng Yuxiang remained pragmatic when he ruled China and later policies encouraged nationalism and return to Confucean values, so even if Chinese Christians are well off, numbering millions, it's a mere minority in China.

Blame it on my poor English...

Except in downtown Algiers, Constantine and Oran (officially), the Arabs outnumber the Pieds-Noirs, even if the French made extensive efforts to remove Arabic-speaking peoples to Azawad and encourage their migration to Morocco, Libya and Tunisia. They are a reliable workforce for French industry.
It's a pleasure, the scope of this timeline is so overwhelming, I'm happy to answer as best as I can.

Here you got a whole update dedicated to it !
When are you doing the world war of this timeline?
Disclaimer : this posting and all illustrations are products of counterfactual history, taking part on a wider worldbuilding effort surrounding an alternate history written on alternatehistory.com, trying to reflect the consequences of the Covid-19 pandemic in an alternate timeline where Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary wasn’t assassinated in 1914 and to reflect the cultural and geopolitical differences from our timeline. So, all content here is fictitious and intended as such and doesn’t reflect the reality and the scope of the ongoing pandemic, nor does it endorse any political reaction to the pandemic. Please use medical sources to inform yourself on Covid-19.
PS : If any moderator feel that this posting violates the rules of the board, I would be happy to discuss it and edit it as such.


View attachment 676052

The coronavirus pandemic, better known as the Wuchang Pneumonia (WP) pandemic, is an ongoing global pandemic of the novel coronavirus disease, caused by SARS-CoV-2. First identified in December 2019 in Wuchang, Hubei, China, the virus was declared as a public health emergency by the World Council on 14 January 2020 and declared a pandemic on 5 April 2020. As of July 2021, more than 550 million cases have been confirmed while the death toll neared the 8 million, making the Wuchang Pneumonia one of the deadliest pandemics in history. (...)

Identified on 28 December 2019 by doctors from Wuchang Central Hospital, concerned by a rapid outbreak around the Huanan Seafood Market in Wuchang, the coronavirus was rapidly acknowledged by the Chinese government who notified the World Council Health Agency, putting in place an tracking and isolation of patients in Hubei Province according to plans laid down after the 2002-2004 SARS epidemic, but President Gao Zhisheng was reluctant to cancel the Lunar New Year events, scheduled for 25 January 2020 to celebrate the Year of the Rat, festivites attended throughout China and engineering large economic impacts, particularly from returning members of the Chinese diaspora ; the President believed that the disease was a mere pneumonia and had been successfully contained to Hubei. (...) The Lunar New Year celebrations provoked in turn a massive outbreak of the coronavirus disease throughout China, forcing the government to adopt emergency measures and initiate a national lockdown in Febraury along with closing all borders, putting 2 billion citizens in effective lockdown and disrupting Chinese and global economy. Members of the Chinese diaspora who had attended the New Year festivities and returned to their countries of adoption helped spread the Wuchang Pneumonia. (...)

As the disease was spreading throughout Asia, the Wuchang Pneumonia’s foremost geopolitical consequence (apart from the Chinese economy krach and Sinophobian worldwide riots) was to stop the Second Mesopotamian War that had started between Iran and the Hashemite Empire on March 2020; turning into a war of attrition, massive concentration and promiscuity of troops on the frontline also deeply accelerated the spread of the disease throughout the Middle East, with casualties from the Wuchang Pneumonia rapidly exceeding those from combat, forcing both parties to conclude a ceasefire in light of the sanitary situation. As of July 2021, ceasefire is still enforced by World Council observers but seems fragile… (...)

If the closing of borders and lockdowns initiated in China and Russia allowed for a containment of the disease, along with strict quarantine measures initiated by the Feingold administration and the Havana Treaty Organization throughout America according to the Keating Plan, the Wuchang Pneumonia would have a massive outbreak in Europe during Summer 2020 ; the hands-off and darwinist approach from the European Community remained the rule even after the blooming of clusters observed after the European Championship organized in Hungary in June-July, but the Rome Summer Olympic Games resulted in a massive outbreak throughout Europe, that was curtailed thanks to the early preventive vaccination campaign initiated in Germany and neighbouring countries. (...)

As soon as the SARS-CoV-2 genetic sequence was analyzed, Chinese doctors partnered with German teams to prepare for an efficient vaccine against the Wuchang Pneumonia, due to German advance in genetics and their successes in fighting HIV and other infectious diseases ; in late April 2020, Bayer was able to announce the completion and succesful testing of a very efficient vaccine, that was almost immediately approved for distribution throughout the European Community, allowing breakouts that erupted after the European Championship and the Olympic Games to be contained. Even if German pharmaceutics are widely renowned for their technological advance, a major scandal arose in June after it was revealed that the test phases were rushed and almost exclusively tested on human clones, many of them not being volunteers at all and dying in the process, reigniting concerns about human cloning ethics. (...)

Even if as of July 2021, more than 4.7 billion people have been vaccinated against the Wuchang Pneumonia, the overwhelming size of the Chinese population, in the Middle East or the Indian Subcontinent have resulted in a stalling against vaccination, even if anti-vaccination mobilization has remained anecdotical. Due to the huge circulation of the virus in these countries, more contagious French, Swedish, Russian, Kurdish or Arabic variants continue to strike throughout the world. .(...)

View attachment 676051

National responses

Europe

The European Community, after an emergency meeting chaired by German Chancellor Markus Söder, adopted in February a strategy of reaching mass immunity for the European continent, leaving open all public gatherings and not making any restrictions, except for travellers returning from Asia, in order to not disturb the European economy as much as the Chinese one. When confronted with the risk of excess mortality of elderly or fragile population, German Vice-Chancellor Thomas Kemmerich pointed out that “the German nation is composed by strong people who have to go through the struggle for life ; weak elements are not supposed to stay, have already made their contribution to society and were bound to die anyway ; it is the same in the animal kingdom and none have a problem against that. It led to critics to point out the social darwinist and eugenist nature of the European strategy, and political experts have pointed out that this “heartless” policy led to Söder’s defeat in the German general election later in 2020. (...)

Following with German example, Hungarian and Italian governments decided against postponing or cancelling major sport events, respectively the European Championship for Association Football and the Summer Olympic Games, both of them led to a tragic spike in infections throughout their countries… (...)

The necessity to control its borders convinced the German General Staff to withdraw its troops from Belgium and Madagascar… (...)

Early discovery of an efficient vaccine in April 2020 by Bayer led to a rapid preventive vaccination campaign throughout Europe, becoming compulsory during Autumn 2020, even managing to decrease the impact of the Wuchang Pneumonia after the pandemic effectively reached Europe after the Rome Olympics… (...)

On the contrary of Germany and allies, Russia and the United Kingdom adopted a strict restriction policies, complete with local lockdowns, closure of borders and month-long quarantines for foreign visitors, the former due to its close proximity with China and its large Chinese community, the latter due to Rushanara Ali’s cautious policies, even if the passing of the Prince of Wales due to Wuchang Pneumonia became a cause célèbre for vaccination. In the immediate opposite, the French government, headed by Pierre de Villiers’ military cabinet, deeply questioned the reality of the Wuchang Pneumonia and the necessity of all restrictions, allowing the virus to spread throughout France and Algeria and making thousands of deaths. (...)

Asia

Decisions to delay social restrictions until after the Lunar New Year celebration, influx of Chinese living abroad, and troop movements in the Middle East led to a massive outbreak throughout Asia during February 2020, resulting in hundreds of thousands of deaths… (...)

The state of unrest in the Indian Subcontinent, even more exacerbated by the military coup in Bharatavarsha, proved detrimental to the whole region, along with the large Chinese community in Australia… (...)

Numbering 2 billion people, China has had trouble to implement its vaccination policies, on the contrary of Japan, Korea, Indochina or Australia. (...)

Africa
The pandemic made few damage in Africa, apart from Egypt that was forced to close its borders due to its proximity with the Middle East, or Zanzibar due to its large trade links with the Middle East. The Azanian government claimed that the Wuchang Pneumonia was a western lie and delivered no data on the spread of the coronavirus there… (...)

America

The Keating Plan, devised by the Keating Administration in 2004 after having studied the consequences of the SARS epidemic in China, was widely implemented by President Russ Feingold, being granted emergency powers by Congress and convicing other members of the Havana Treaty Organization to implement the measures of strict closure of borders, local lockdowns as soon as cases of Wuchang Pneumonia appeared along with strict quarantines for all foreign visitors ; these measures, conducted mostly on the West Coast and on the Mexican border, allowed America to have relatively few Wuchang Pneumonia clusters as compared to Asia and Europe, along with strong restrictions and incentives for vaccination. These measures went as far as the 2020 presidential election : after being refused by Congress the possibility to postpone it, the administration devolved 2 billion dollars to have voting delayed over a whole week, all-guaranteed postal voting, sometimes compulsory in the most populated states and even online and verified voting put in place in major cities. (...)

Economy
Due to its late and rushed lockdown and massive closure of all trade along with shops or business districts, the Chinese economy, that had experienced yearly growth and that had been the world’s first economy, experienced its worst economic crisis in its history, the yuan losing 15 % of its value during Spring 2020 ; in the mean time, the United States, where the pandemic was kept under control, and Germany, where little to no restrictions, took place, its main competitors, saw no such disruption. As of Summer 2021, the Chinese economy has since recovered a bit, but effets of the krach are still felt throughout Asia… (...)

Anti-Chinese riots
Many commentators have pointed out that the disease’s popular name, the Wuchang Pneumonia, remained racist, as it put the blame on a particular city in China ; the name “Chinese coronavirus” used in other countries was also criticized… (...)

Popular fear against Chinese immigrants, pointed out as main vectors for the spread of the pandemic for right or wrong reasons, led to massive pogroms against Chinese communities throughout the world, where the worst were in Vancouver (Borealia), Zanzibar,throughout Russia (mostly in Moscow or along the Sino-Russian border), in Korea, in Japan, in Indochina, in Berlin (Germany), London (England), Paris (France), Rome (Italy), Cairo (Egypt), Los Angeles, San Francisco or Seattle (United States) ; these violences only exacerbated Sinophobia, already prevalent before the pandemic, and led to the constitution of citizens’ militias to protect Chinese communities against popular violence throughout the world...
Overall nice job 👍 on the pandemic 😷 glad to see some boldness on yourself to post this .
 
What happened to Mesopotamia to make them be very bad at handling TTL's COVID-19? I know the war there didn't help, but why is it 555+ level bad?
 
1914
1914

June, 28
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, survives a bomb attack during an official visit in Sarajevo, capital of the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina, hotly contested between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. The Archduke and his wife, Sophie Chotek, visit the sixteen wounded at Sarajevo’s hospital, without trouble. Nedeljko Cabrinovic, the perpetrator, was immediately arrested after failing his suicide attempt ; being a minor, he was sentenced to perpetuity and not executed.

June, 29
Monk Grigori Rasputin, a protégé and confidant to the Russian imperial family, is murdered in Pokrovskoye by Khionia Guseva, a mystic. Guseva stabbed three times the starets in the middle of the street, yelling that « she had killed the Antichrist ». Rasputin, after massive blood loss, collapsed in the street, falling into a coma. Guseva was killed on spot by the crowd.

The International Exhibition of Bristol begins.

June, 30
The U.S. Government sold two decommissioned battleships — the USS Mississippi and the USS Idaho — to the Greek Navy at a sum of US$12 million. The ships were renamed Kilkis and Lemnos respectively.

July, 1
The Naval Wing of the British Royal Flying Corps was separated from the Royal Air Force and established as a separate service, the Royal Naval Air Service, under the control of the Royal Navy.
The United States Navy established its first air department, the Office of Naval Aeronautics, Division of Operations, predecessor to the Bureau of Aeronautics.

July 2
Joseph Chamberlain, Conservative MP for Birmingham West, former Leader of the Opposition and Secretary of State for the Colonies, dies aged 77 in Birmingham, England.

Grigori Rasputin dies of his wounds. Czarina Alexandra, who had put her trust in the starets, falls into a deep depression.

July, 3
The Simla Accord is sealed by Great Britain and Tibet, defining the borders between Tibet and British India, dividing the country into two political regions, the “outer” under Tibetan rule from Lhasa while the “inner” region fell under Chinese control. China rejects the accord entirely.

July, 4
An anarchist bomb attack directed against John D. Rockefeller fails at the last moment, exploding prematurely in New York City, killing 4.


July, 8
Mexican revolutionary leader Alvaro Obregon defeats 6 000 federal troops sent out from Guadalajara to halt his progresses.

While exiled in Tokyo, Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen reorganized the Kuomintang party under the new name Chinese Revolutionary Party after Yuan Shikai, self-proclaimed emperor of China, outlawed the political party.

July,9
Guadalajara falls to the Mexican revolutionaries.

July, 10
German Reinhold Böhm establishes a new record for an one-man-flight after flying his Albatros-biplane for 24 hours and 12 minutes without refueling.

July,12
Albania rebels take Berat.

A Chinese naval gunboat explodes in Shanghai harbour, killing 35 naval cadets.

July, 14
The Government of Ireland Bill completes its passage through the House of Lords in the United Kingdom ; having been overruled for the third time, it was passed for Royal Assent under the Parliament Act of 1911. The Asquith governement has never been so close to solve the Home Rule issue, by devolving some authority to a bicameral Irish Parliament, but the protestant Ulster counties refuse the idea of being ruled from Catholic Dublin, fearing oppression and conflict. The issue would result into a civil war between Ulster and Irish Volunteers, each struggling for their vision of freedom. The Asquith government propose a temporary exclusion of six of the Ulster counties, to be still ruled from London for six years, not satisfying any side.

July, 15
General Victoriano Huerta, having seen its defeat at the ends of the Constitutionnalists (Venustiano Carranza, Emiliano Zapata, Pancho Villa, Alvaro Obregon) at the Battle of Zacatecas on June, resigns the Mexican presidency and goes into exile.

July, 18
Austro-Hungarian Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina Oskar Potiorek escapes an assassination attempt in Sarajevo. The perpetrator, Gavrilo Princip, is arrested. Being a minor, he is sentenced to perpetuity and not executed. Anti-Serb pogroms are organized against ethnic Serbs throughout Austria-Hungary.

July, 19
British King George V summons a conference in Buckingham Palace, gathering Conservatives, Liberals, Unionists and Nationalists, in order to find a solution to the Home Rule issue.

July, 20
The trial of Henriette Caillaux, wife of former French President of Council Joseph Caillaux, begins in Paris. She is judged for the murder of Gaston Calmette, editor of Le Figaro newspaper, in March, after a slender campaign.

July, 21
The Buckingham Palace conference begins, gathering on one side Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, Irish Parliamenty Party leader John Redmond, and on the other Opposition Leader Andrew Bonar Law and Irish Unionist Alliance leader Edward Carson.

The Komagata Maru was a Japanese vessel filled with Indian immigrants who tried to migrate to Canada. Arriving in Vancouver, it was denied authorization to disembark and the HMCS Rainbow, a former Royal Navy ship, filled with soldiers, forced her to return to India. The incident causes shockwaves among the Indian independance movement.

July, 22
Enver Pasha, Minister of War for the Ottoman Empire, proposed an Ottoman–German alliance to Baron Hans Freiherr von Wangenheim, the German ambassador in Constantinople, but had it turned down on the grounds the Empire had nothing of value to offer German. The grand vezir Said Halim Pasha also made similar propositions to Austria-Hungary.

July, 25
Khedive of Egypt Abbas II is assassinated in Constantinople. He is succeeded by his 15-years-old son Muhammad Abdul Moneim ; the British, occupying Egypt since 1882 while being still nominally a part of the Ottoman Empire, continue to exert their influence during the regency, and the death of the late Khedive weakens the Egyptian nationalist movement.

July, 26
British army fires on Dubliners, killing 3.

July, 28
Henriette Caillaux is found acquitted of the murder of Gaston Calmette.

July, 29
The Cape Cod Canal opens in Massachussetts.

July, 30
The American Consul at Canton reported massive flooding from the West River in the Kwangtung and Kwangsi provinces of China resulted in 3,300 deaths and $43 million in property damage. Around 112,000 homes were lost and close to 8 million people in need of emergency supplies.

August, 1
Marcus Garvey founds the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Jamaica.

August,2
The police investigation into the murder of Grigori Rasputin finds defrocked hieromonk Iliodor, now known as Sergei Trufanov, as guilty of having inspired Guseva into murdering the starets, a former ally of his whom he had repeatedly cricitized. To avoid a public trial that would expose Rasputin’s rather scandalous way of life, Czar Nicholas II was Trufanov banished in Siberia, where he concentrates into building up his own faction of the ultranationalist Black Hundreds.

August, 5
The Buckingham Palace conference ends with an adoption of the Asquith proposal of a six-year exclusion of the nine Ulster counties of Antrim, Down, Armagh, Tyrone, Londonderry, Cavan, Donegal, Moneghan and Fermanagh, their status in relation to the Dublin Parliament be discussed in 1920.

Bryan-Chamorro Treaty between the United States and Nicaragua, establishing a quasi-protectorate over Nicaragua and reserving the possibility of a new trans-oceanic canal on Nicaraguayan soil.

August, 6
First Lady of the United States Ellen Axson Wilson dies.

August, 7
The Viviani government in France falls, due to shockwaves stemming from the Caillaux affair.

August, 8
Duala King Rudolf Duala Manga Bell and officer Martin-Paul Samba, both Kameroonian rebel leaders, are executed by German colonial authorities.

Sir Ernest Shackelton’s Imperial Trans-Antartic Expedition sets sail on the Endurance from Plymouth in an attempt to cross Antartica.

August, 9
Mexican Revolution – Leaders of the Constitutional Army met with Mexican president Francisco Carvajal and negotiated a safe passage of all federal troops and senior government leader out of Mexico City in exchange for unconditional surrender. Caravjal agreed to the terms and ordered the federal army to evacuate from Mexico City the following day.[

President of Argentina Roque Saenz Pena dies and is succeeded by Vice President Victorino de la Plaza.

August, 11
The Mexican regime is officially dissolved and the leaders of the Constitutional Army allowed to set up a new governmenet.

August, 12
Gaston Doumergue becomes French President of Council.

August, 13
Mexican Acting President Francisco Carvajal resigns.

August, 14
Rebel forces fail to capture Durrazo, capital of Albania.

August, 15
Inauguration of the Panama Canal.

General Alvaro Obregon enters Mexico City.

Architect Frank Lloyd Wright is murdered by a dismissed servant at his Taliesin, Wisconsin home.

The International Exhibition of Bristol ends.

August, 20
Pope Pius X dies at 79 in the Apostolic Palace in Rome.

Venustiano Carranza and his supporters set up a new Mexican government.

August, 21
Rebel forces captured Vlorë, Albania.

August, 25
Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata agreed to lay down arms and recognize the new Mexican government on condition it accepted the agrarian reforms laid out in the Plan of Ayala.

August, 29
The conclave to choose a new pope at the Sistine Chapel in Rome begins.

Alfonso Quinonez Molina succeeds Carlos Meléndez as President of El Salvador.

August, 30
Mexican Revolution – Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata agreed to support the new Mexican government under Venustiano Carranza.

Autumn
The rebellion of Bai Lang in China is crushed by Yuan Shikai’s troops, making a new setback for the Kuomintang cause of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen.

September, 2
Cardinal Domenico Serafini, accessor to the Holy Office, is elected Pope on the third day of conclave. He takes the name of Nicholas VI and continues his predecessors’ policy of not recognizing the authority of the Kingdom of Italy over Rome, and considering himself as the prisoner of the Vatican.

September, 3
Prince Skanderbeg II (Wilhelm von Wied) of Albania is forced to flee his own country after six months of rule due to revolts and opposition from his own ministers.

September, 5
The Australian Labor Party wins the federal elections, sending Andrew Fisher back as Prime Minister.

The Social Democratic Party wins a majority of seats in the early general elections in Sweden, even as the Electoral League won a majority of the votes. Hjalmar Hammarskjöld (Electoral League) returns as Prime Minister.

September, 12
Pyotr Bark succeeds Ivan Goremykin as Prime Minister of Russia among numerous strikes. He retains his Ministry of Finance.

September, 17
Essad Pasha Toptani of Albania and Nikola Pašić of Serbia signed a secret alliance known as the Treaty of Niš.

September, 18
King George V, in spite of being worried on the state of things in Ireland, caves in to Asquith’s pressure and gives Royal Assent to the Government of Ireland Bill, making it law.

September, 20
Irish Parliamentary Party John Redmond presides over the celebrations in Dublin for the Government of Ireland Bill. The Dublin celebration is the occasion for a show of force for the paramilitary wing of the IPP, the Irish Volunteers.

October, 4
Lake Burdur Earthquake in the Ottoman Empire.

October, 5
Essat Pasha Toptani becomes Prime Minister of Albania.

October, 10
King Carol of Romania dies in Sinaia, Romania, aged 75. A scion of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen family, he had been the ruling prince of the Romanian United Principalities since 1866 before becoming the first King of Romania in 1881. He is succeeded by his nephew, Ferdinand, who, in spite of being a relative to the German Emperor, grows closer to France and Russia.

The Convention of Aguascalientes opens.

October, 12
The Greek Army enters Northern Epirus, its claimed area in Albania, and controlled since May by the Greek-supported Provisional Government of Northern Epirus.

October, 14
Former President of Argentina Julio Argentino Roca dies, aged 71.

October, 24
Unionist Leader Edward Carson and his fellow MPs decide to quit Westminster, protesting against the bad shape of the Home Rule Bill. The Nationalists threaten to do the same, asking for the integration of Ulster.

October,25
Haitian President Oreste Zamor is ousted from the presidency by Joseph Davilmar Théodore after four months of civil strife.

October, 28
Riots begin in Dublin and Cork.

October, 31
Government troops defeats a rebel army of 300 in Esmeraldas, Ecuador.

November,1
Pope Nicholas VI delivers his encyclical letter Cura Ardente about the situation in Ireland.

November, 2
Serbia and Montenegro declare war on Greece over Albania.

November,3
The United States general elections see the Democratic Party retaining control of both houses of Congress while the Seventeenth Amendment allowed American voters to elect candidates to the US Senate.

November, 5
The Regia Marina dispatches several vessels along the Albanian shores to watch over the Albanian War.

November, 6
Eulalio Gutierrez is declared President of Mexico.

Ulster Unionist MP for Mid Antrim Arthur O’Neill is assassinated in London by members of the Irish Volunteers.

November, 9
The Convention of Aguascalientes ends with a renewal of the Mexican Revolution, with Villa and Zapata’s partisans refusing to acknowledge Venustiano Carranza’s authority.

November, 12
Serbian troops enter Durrazo in Albania.

November, 15
Venceslau Bras is inaugurated as the President of Brazil.

November, 21
President of Council Antonio Salandra resigns over his poor handling of the Albanian Crisis. He is succeeded by his mentor and longtime head of government, Giovanni Gioletti.

November, 23
American troops withdraw from Veracruz.

November, 27
Earthquake in Lefkada, Greece

December, 1
Anti-Irish riots in London, Birmingham, Manchester and other cities.

December, 3
Greek troops encounter Serbian and Montenegrin forces in Tirana, the battle remains inconclusive.

December, 5
Tashi Magyal becomes King of Sikkim, succeeding his half-brother Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal who died of heart failure.

The Norwegian schooner Endurance, carrying members of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition led by British explorer Ernest Shackleton, departed after month-long preparations from the British-governed South Georgia Islands in the south Atlantic Oceanand set course for the Antarctic.

Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra succeeds Ramon Baez as President of the Dominican Republic.

December, 6
Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa’s Conventionalist troops enter Mexico City. Carranza flees to Veracruz.

Adolfo Diaz re-elected President of Nicaragua.

December, 10
Max von Laue (Germany) receives the Nobel Prize for Physics ; Theodore William Richards (USA) receives it for Chemistry ;Robert Barany (Austria-Hungary) for Medicine ; Henri Bergson (France) in Literature ; Otto Umfrid (Germany) for Peace.

The Reform Party retains its majority in the New Zealand general election, returning Prime Minister William Massey to power.

December, 11
United Kingdom and Germany agree on a co-funding of the Berlin-Baghdad Railway (Baghdadbahn), ressurrecting the project.

December, 15
A gas explosion at the Mitsubishi Hojyo coal mine in Kyūshū, Japan killed 687 miners.

December, 25
Heavily armed Irish Volunteers storm British Army barracks in Londonderry. Known as the Christmas Massacre, the Nationalist attack is finally repelled but makes 13 dead on the British side and 27 on the Irish one. It’s a massive setback for both Asquith and Redmond, who didn’t managed to keep his more radical allies in line.
 
Oh shit, humanity can't avoid that pandemics even without WW1? It wasn't that inevitable.
The truth actually is that pandemics are unavoidable in any TL tbh, it's just trying to fit it in...
Well, when it comes to the butterfly effect, I tend to not change the diseases that stroke historical characters (as I once said in my Perol TL, "butterflies can't cure cancer"), but also natural disasters such as earthquakes or hurricanes. I tend to consider epidemics as natural disasters, such as the Spanish Flu or the Black Death, the chains of transmission can change, the spread too, but even if Covid-19's exact origins are still rather unknown, it would have happened anyway. Here, the democracy in place in China allows for a better early detection of the disease but the sheer size of the country and the New Year celebrations still allow for a greater pandemic ; better preparedness and an earlier breakthrough in RNA vaccines (that allowed for a vaccine against AIDS earlier in this TL) allow for a better treatment still.
When are you doing the world war of this timeline?

Overall nice job 👍 on the pandemic 😷 glad to see some boldness on yourself to post this .
Hmmmm, it'll be a big piece, but I'm trying to deliver it next week.
What happened to Mesopotamia to make them be very bad at handling TTL's COVID-19? I know the war there didn't help, but why is it 555+ level bad?
2020 started with a war in Mesopotamia between the Hashemites and the Iranians; the massive disruption in the country along with the poor hygiene conditions on the frontline and a lesser understanding of Covid-19 allowed for a disaster within the country, even if it counts cases detected and treated within Mesopotamia, not necesarily Mesopotamian nationals. Also, even if no data comes out from Azania, the death toll there is horrifying.
 
1914

June, 28
Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este, heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne, survives a bomb attack during an official visit in Sarajevo, capital of the province of Bosnia and Herzegovina, hotly contested between Austria-Hungary and Serbia. The Archduke and his wife, Sophie Chotek, visit the sixteen wounded at Sarajevo’s hospital, without trouble. Nedeljko Cabrinovic, the perpetrator, was immediately arrested after failing his suicide attempt ; being a minor, he was sentenced to perpetuity and not executed.

June, 29
Monk Grigori Rasputin, a protégé and confidant to the Russian imperial family, is murdered in Pokrovskoye by Khionia Guseva, a mystic. Guseva stabbed three times the starets in the middle of the street, yelling that « she had killed the Antichrist ». Rasputin, after massive blood loss, collapsed in the street, falling into a coma. Guseva was killed on spot by the crowd.

The International Exhibition of Bristol begins.

June, 30
The U.S. Government sold two decommissioned battleships — the USS Mississippi and the USS Idaho — to the Greek Navy at a sum of US$12 million. The ships were renamed Kilkis and Lemnos respectively.

July, 1
The Naval Wing of the British Royal Flying Corps was separated from the Royal Air Force and established as a separate service, the Royal Naval Air Service, under the control of the Royal Navy.
The United States Navy established its first air department, the Office of Naval Aeronautics, Division of Operations, predecessor to the Bureau of Aeronautics.

July 2
Joseph Chamberlain, Conservative MP for Birmingham West, former Leader of the Opposition and Secretary of State for the Colonies, dies aged 77 in Birmingham, England.

Grigori Rasputin dies of his wounds. Czarina Alexandra, who had put her trust in the starets, falls into a deep depression.

July, 3
The Simla Accord is sealed by Great Britain and Tibet, defining the borders between Tibet and British India, dividing the country into two political regions, the “outer” under Tibetan rule from Lhasa while the “inner” region fell under Chinese control. China rejects the accord entirely.

July, 4
An anarchist bomb attack directed against John D. Rockefeller fails at the last moment, exploding prematurely in New York City, killing 4.


July, 8
Mexican revolutionary leader Alvaro Obregon defeats 6 000 federal troops sent out from Guadalajara to halt his progresses.

While exiled in Tokyo, Chinese revolutionary Sun Yat-sen reorganized the Kuomintang party under the new name Chinese Revolutionary Party after Yuan Shikai, self-proclaimed emperor of China, outlawed the political party.

July,9
Guadalajara falls to the Mexican revolutionaries.

July, 10
German Reinhold Böhm establishes a new record for an one-man-flight after flying his Albatros-biplane for 24 hours and 12 minutes without refueling.

July,12
Albania rebels take Berat.

A Chinese naval gunboat explodes in Shanghai harbour, killing 35 naval cadets.

July, 14
The Government of Ireland Bill completes its passage through the House of Lords in the United Kingdom ; having been overruled for the third time, it was passed for Royal Assent under the Parliament Act of 1911. The Asquith governement has never been so close to solve the Home Rule issue, by devolving some authority to a bicameral Irish Parliament, but the protestant Ulster counties refuse the idea of being ruled from Catholic Dublin, fearing oppression and conflict. The issue would result into a civil war between Ulster and Irish Volunteers, each struggling for their vision of freedom. The Asquith government propose a temporary exclusion of six of the Ulster counties, to be still ruled from London for six years, not satisfying any side.

July, 15
General Victoriano Huerta, having seen its defeat at the ends of the Constitutionnalists (Venustiano Carranza, Emiliano Zapata, Pancho Villa, Alvaro Obregon) at the Battle of Zacatecas on June, resigns the Mexican presidency and goes into exile.

July, 18
Austro-Hungarian Governor of Bosnia and Herzegovina Oskar Potiorek escapes an assassination attempt in Sarajevo. The perpetrator, Gavrilo Princip, is arrested. Being a minor, he is sentenced to perpetuity and not executed. Anti-Serb pogroms are organized against ethnic Serbs throughout Austria-Hungary.

July, 19
British King George V summons a conference in Buckingham Palace, gathering Conservatives, Liberals, Unionists and Nationalists, in order to find a solution to the Home Rule issue.

July, 20
The trial of Henriette Caillaux, wife of former French President of Council Joseph Caillaux, begins in Paris. She is judged for the murder of Gaston Calmette, editor of Le Figaro newspaper, in March, after a slender campaign.

July, 21
The Buckingham Palace conference begins, gathering on one side Prime Minister H. H. Asquith, Irish Parliamenty Party leader John Redmond, and on the other Opposition Leader Andrew Bonar Law and Irish Unionist Alliance leader Edward Carson.

The Komagata Maru was a Japanese vessel filled with Indian immigrants who tried to migrate to Canada. Arriving in Vancouver, it was denied authorization to disembark and the HMCS Rainbow, a former Royal Navy ship, filled with soldiers, forced her to return to India. The incident causes shockwaves among the Indian independance movement.

July, 22
Enver Pasha, Minister of War for the Ottoman Empire, proposed an Ottoman–German alliance to Baron Hans Freiherr von Wangenheim, the German ambassador in Constantinople, but had it turned down on the grounds the Empire had nothing of value to offer German. The grand vezir Said Halim Pasha also made similar propositions to Austria-Hungary.

July, 25
Khedive of Egypt Abbas II is assassinated in Constantinople. He is succeeded by his 15-years-old son Muhammad Abdul Moneim ; the British, occupying Egypt since 1882 while being still nominally a part of the Ottoman Empire, continue to exert their influence during the regency, and the death of the late Khedive weakens the Egyptian nationalist movement.

July, 26
British army fires on Dubliners, killing 3.

July, 28
Henriette Caillaux is found acquitted of the murder of Gaston Calmette.

July, 29
The Cape Cod Canal opens in Massachussetts.

July, 30
The American Consul at Canton reported massive flooding from the West River in the Kwangtung and Kwangsi provinces of China resulted in 3,300 deaths and $43 million in property damage. Around 112,000 homes were lost and close to 8 million people in need of emergency supplies.

August, 1
Marcus Garvey founds the Universal Negro Improvement Association in Jamaica.

August,2
The police investigation into the murder of Grigori Rasputin finds defrocked hieromonk Iliodor, now known as Sergei Trufanov, as guilty of having inspired Guseva into murdering the starets, a former ally of his whom he had repeatedly cricitized. To avoid a public trial that would expose Rasputin’s rather scandalous way of life, Czar Nicholas II was Trufanov banished in Siberia, where he concentrates into building up his own faction of the ultranationalist Black Hundreds.

August, 5
The Buckingham Palace conference ends with an adoption of the Asquith proposal of a six-year exclusion of the nine Ulster counties of Antrim, Down, Armagh, Tyrone, Londonderry, Cavan, Donegal, Moneghan and Fermanagh, their status in relation to the Dublin Parliament be discussed in 1920.

Bryan-Chamorro Treaty between the United States and Nicaragua, establishing a quasi-protectorate over Nicaragua and reserving the possibility of a new trans-oceanic canal on Nicaraguayan soil.

August, 6
First Lady of the United States Ellen Axson Wilson dies.

August, 7
The Viviani government in France falls, due to shockwaves stemming from the Caillaux affair.

August, 8
Duala King Rudolf Duala Manga Bell and officer Martin-Paul Samba, both Kameroonian rebel leaders, are executed by German colonial authorities.

Sir Ernest Shackelton’s Imperial Trans-Antartic Expedition sets sail on the Endurance from Plymouth in an attempt to cross Antartica.

August, 9
Mexican Revolution – Leaders of the Constitutional Army met with Mexican president Francisco Carvajal and negotiated a safe passage of all federal troops and senior government leader out of Mexico City in exchange for unconditional surrender. Caravjal agreed to the terms and ordered the federal army to evacuate from Mexico City the following day.[

President of Argentina Roque Saenz Pena dies and is succeeded by Vice President Victorino de la Plaza.

August, 11
The Mexican regime is officially dissolved and the leaders of the Constitutional Army allowed to set up a new governmenet.

August, 12
Gaston Doumergue becomes French President of Council.

August, 13
Mexican Acting President Francisco Carvajal resigns.

August, 14
Rebel forces fail to capture Durrazo, capital of Albania.

August, 15
Inauguration of the Panama Canal.

General Alvaro Obregon enters Mexico City.

Architect Frank Lloyd Wright is murdered by a dismissed servant at his Taliesin, Wisconsin home.

The International Exhibition of Bristol ends.

August, 20
Pope Pius X dies at 79 in the Apostolic Palace in Rome.

Venustiano Carranza and his supporters set up a new Mexican government.

August, 21
Rebel forces captured Vlorë, Albania.

August, 25
Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata agreed to lay down arms and recognize the new Mexican government on condition it accepted the agrarian reforms laid out in the Plan of Ayala.

August, 29
The conclave to choose a new pope at the Sistine Chapel in Rome begins.

Alfonso Quinonez Molina succeeds Carlos Meléndez as President of El Salvador.

August, 30
Mexican Revolution – Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata agreed to support the new Mexican government under Venustiano Carranza.

Autumn
The rebellion of Bai Lang in China is crushed by Yuan Shikai’s troops, making a new setback for the Kuomintang cause of Dr. Sun Yat-Sen.

September, 2
Cardinal Domenico Serafini, accessor to the Holy Office, is elected Pope on the third day of conclave. He takes the name of Nicholas VI and continues his predecessors’ policy of not recognizing the authority of the Kingdom of Italy over Rome, and considering himself as the prisoner of the Vatican.

September, 3
Prince Skanderbeg II (Wilhelm von Wied) of Albania is forced to flee his own country after six months of rule due to revolts and opposition from his own ministers.

September, 5
The Australian Labor Party wins the federal elections, sending Andrew Fisher back as Prime Minister.

The Social Democratic Party wins a majority of seats in the early general elections in Sweden, even as the Electoral League won a majority of the votes. Hjalmar Hammarskjöld (Electoral League) returns as Prime Minister.

September, 12
Pyotr Bark succeeds Ivan Goremykin as Prime Minister of Russia among numerous strikes. He retains his Ministry of Finance.

September, 17
Essad Pasha Toptani of Albania and Nikola Pašić of Serbia signed a secret alliance known as the Treaty of Niš.

September, 18
King George V, in spite of being worried on the state of things in Ireland, caves in to Asquith’s pressure and gives Royal Assent to the Government of Ireland Bill, making it law.

September, 20
Irish Parliamentary Party John Redmond presides over the celebrations in Dublin for the Government of Ireland Bill. The Dublin celebration is the occasion for a show of force for the paramilitary wing of the IPP, the Irish Volunteers.

October, 4
Lake Burdur Earthquake in the Ottoman Empire.

October, 5
Essat Pasha Toptani becomes Prime Minister of Albania.

October, 10
King Carol of Romania dies in Sinaia, Romania, aged 75. A scion of the Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen family, he had been the ruling prince of the Romanian United Principalities since 1866 before becoming the first King of Romania in 1881. He is succeeded by his nephew, Ferdinand, who, in spite of being a relative to the German Emperor, grows closer to France and Russia.

The Convention of Aguascalientes opens.

October, 12
The Greek Army enters Northern Epirus, its claimed area in Albania, and controlled since May by the Greek-supported Provisional Government of Northern Epirus.

October, 14
Former President of Argentina Julio Argentino Roca dies, aged 71.

October, 24
Unionist Leader Edward Carson and his fellow MPs decide to quit Westminster, protesting against the bad shape of the Home Rule Bill. The Nationalists threaten to do the same, asking for the integration of Ulster.

October,25
Haitian President Oreste Zamor is ousted from the presidency by Joseph Davilmar Théodore after four months of civil strife.

October, 28
Riots begin in Dublin and Cork.

October, 31
Government troops defeats a rebel army of 300 in Esmeraldas, Ecuador.

November,1
Pope Nicholas VI delivers his encyclical letter Cura Ardente about the situation in Ireland.

November, 2
Serbia and Montenegro declare war on Greece over Albania.

November,3
The United States general elections see the Democratic Party retaining control of both houses of Congress while the Seventeenth Amendment allowed American voters to elect candidates to the US Senate.

November, 5
The Regia Marina dispatches several vessels along the Albanian shores to watch over the Albanian War.

November, 6
Eulalio Gutierrez is declared President of Mexico.

Ulster Unionist MP for Mid Antrim Arthur O’Neill is assassinated in London by members of the Irish Volunteers.

November, 9
The Convention of Aguascalientes ends with a renewal of the Mexican Revolution, with Villa and Zapata’s partisans refusing to acknowledge Venustiano Carranza’s authority.

November, 12
Serbian troops enter Durrazo in Albania.

November, 15
Venceslau Bras is inaugurated as the President of Brazil.

November, 21
President of Council Antonio Salandra resigns over his poor handling of the Albanian Crisis. He is succeeded by his mentor and longtime head of government, Giovanni Gioletti.

November, 23
American troops withdraw from Veracruz.

November, 27
Earthquake in Lefkada, Greece

December, 1
Anti-Irish riots in London, Birmingham, Manchester and other cities.

December, 3
Greek troops encounter Serbian and Montenegrin forces in Tirana, the battle remains inconclusive.

December, 5
Tashi Magyal becomes King of Sikkim, succeeding his half-brother Sidkeong Tulku Namgyal who died of heart failure.

The Norwegian schooner Endurance, carrying members of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition led by British explorer Ernest Shackleton, departed after month-long preparations from the British-governed South Georgia Islands in the south Atlantic Oceanand set course for the Antarctic.

Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra succeeds Ramon Baez as President of the Dominican Republic.

December, 6
Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa’s Conventionalist troops enter Mexico City. Carranza flees to Veracruz.

Adolfo Diaz re-elected President of Nicaragua.

December, 10
Max von Laue (Germany) receives the Nobel Prize for Physics ; Theodore William Richards (USA) receives it for Chemistry ;Robert Barany (Austria-Hungary) for Medicine ; Henri Bergson (France) in Literature ; Otto Umfrid (Germany) for Peace.

The Reform Party retains its majority in the New Zealand general election, returning Prime Minister William Massey to power.

December, 11
United Kingdom and Germany agree on a co-funding of the Berlin-Baghdad Railway (Baghdadbahn), ressurrecting the project.

December, 15
A gas explosion at the Mitsubishi Hojyo coal mine in Kyūshū, Japan killed 687 miners.

December, 25
Heavily armed Irish Volunteers storm British Army barracks in Londonderry. Known as the Christmas Massacre, the Nationalist attack is finally repelled but makes 13 dead on the British side and 27 on the Irish one. It’s a massive setback for both Asquith and Redmond, who didn’t managed to keep his more radical allies in line.
Ooooooh! Nice!

I thought the timeline would just be explained through wikiboxes and their backstories, but this is a much-welcomed addition too!
 
He also ran for President of the United States, running in the Republican primaries in 1988, 1996 and 2004, running as the Republican presidential nominee in the latter.
If there are 2 items they are former and latter, if there are 3 items they are 1st, 2nd & 3rd or 1st, middle & last.
 
Also, even if no data comes out from Azania, the death toll there is horrifying.
How bad is it in Azania, considering the death toll is horrifying? How much of a risk is it to the government's grip over the country? Also, why did Thailand implode so dramatically considering it was once far larger here?
 
Last edited:
Skanderbeg II
SkandebergII.png

Skanderbeg II (born Wilhelm Friedrich Heinrich von Wied, Neuwied, German Empire 26 March 1876 - Durazzo, Albania, 12 April 1920) was a German prince who ruled as Prince of Albania from 7 March 1914 to his assassination, after which he was succeeded by his son Carol Viktor (Skanderbeg III).

Born into the old House of Wied-Neuwied, third son to the sitting Prince and second cousin to Wilhelm II of Germany and Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Wiilhelm von Wied could have lived the average life of a Junker if his royal links along with his relative irrelevance made him a perfect candidate for the throne of Albania, suitable to all the major powers after the small country had been carved up from the Ottoman Empire after the First Balkan War (1912-1913). The problem was that the new country was in total anarchy, divided between Catholics, Muslims, Orthodox, democrats, clans, islamists and independantists ; Prince Wilhelm, styled Vilhelm I and Skanderbeg II (as a homage to Albanian national hero Skanderbeg (1405-1468), landed in Albania on 7 February 1914, arrived in his capital of Durazzo on 7 March and left on 3 September in the midst of an islamist revolt.

After the Third Balkan War (1914-1915) restored some order in the country under Regent Essat Pasha Toptani, who had proclaimed himself as Prince after Wilhelm’s exile, the country fell again into disarray when Toptani was assassinated on 12 April 1917 and islamist rioters in Italian-occupied Valona stormed the Italian community on 2 May, prompting an Italian invasion that went smoothly in the chaos of the Great European War. In 1919, the Treaty of Naples confirmed the Italian protectorate over Albania, inviting Skanderbeg II back as Prince of Albania, all under close Italian supervision as the country became a new battlefield for the Great War.

Skanderbeg II’s puppet rule was again short-lived, as the Prince was assassinated while he was leaving a church in Durazzo, gunned down by revolutionary Beqir Valiteri on 12 April 1920. Aged 44, he was succeeded by his 6-years-old son Skanderbeg III, while his widow, Sophie von Schönburg-Waldenburg, acted as Regent and agent of the Italians in Albania. 14 years and a half later, on 23 November 1934, Albania would be annexed into Italy, rendering Skanderbeg II’s legacy null and void with the stroke of a pen.
 
Ooooooh! Nice!

I thought the timeline would just be explained through wikiboxes and their backstories, but this is a much-welcomed addition too!
I decided to add this new format along with wikiboxes and country profiles !
If there are 2 items they are former and latter, if there are 3 items they are 1st, 2nd & 3rd or 1st, middle & last.
Sorry, English is not my first language, you're welcome !
How bad is it in Azania, considering the death toll is horrifying? How much of a risk is it to the government's grip over the country? Also, why did Thailand implode so dramatically considering it was once far larger here?
We're looking at India in June's bad, but it still doesn't impede the government overall control. Rather, they let the disease spread, claiming to have their own medicine and calling the whole disease a hoax, and some are suspecting that an "Azanian variant" is about to spread in Africa.
As of Thailand, it suffered the same sort of crumbling than Japan, getting split along ethnic lines.
 
I'm now imaging a bunch of ASB-created portals opening up between TTL's South Africa and the one in the Footprint of Mussolini...
 
Sorry, English is not my first language, you're welcome.
I'm intrigued by these grammatical structures, in English they are called comparative and superlative. So if 2 children, I can say 1 is older (or elder) and the other is younger. If I have 3 or more children I can have a youngest and an oldest (or eldest). So I used Google translate to see the extent that it varies between languages. I have a little French, Italian & German and a very little Russian and my wife is Russian.

Google translate renders former and latter into French as le premier et le dernier - ie first & last and into Italian as primo e secondo -ie first & second. German, Dutch, Afrikaans & Swedish seem to have a similar structure to English. Spanish (temprana y tardía) and Portuguese (anterior e posterior) seem to have a specific structure for former and latter, unlike French and Italian. Google translates the phrase into Russian as бывший и последний (former and last), although my wife says she would say первый и последний (first and last)
 
So what happened to Skanderbeg II's kid then? Did he get compensated for Italy yoinking his crown, or was he just shoved off?
 
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