I recall reading your comments about this elsewhere here and on AHF. This was one of the factors that made me think an FFO scenario was sort-of plausible, at least in terms of France's material ability to continue.1. There was comment on the US possibly setting up factories in French colonies, specifically NW Africa. That had already been accomplished in two cases. First a final assembly site for the Martin M-167 bomber had been established in Morocco & had been operating since March or April 1940. this site included a school for the aircraft technicians/ground grow and a parts depot. A similar site had been set up by Douglass Aircraft for assembly of the DB-7. Im unsure if that was operating in May 1940. The facility for the H-75 was in Metropolitan France and was lost OTL as the Armistice required its destruction.
We've had some discussion on this one and I've gone hot and cold about the prospects. Just now I'm inching back towards the warm side. I read Rhodes some years ago but don't have my copy any more, I will have to look back at what he said. I remember reading also about what happened to those scientists and that French heavy water - I think they were spirited out of France by the Earl of Suffolk. (In this TL it's possible he survives, since Britain suffers a lower level of air attacks in 1940.)4. The BOMB. The French were up to something. In 1939 they persuaded Norsk Hydro to sell the French government all the heavy water production. The last large delivery occurred in March 1940, just a few weeks before German curiosity seekers secured the NH facility. French had also started purchasing large quantities of Yellow Cake Uranium ore from Belgium. Not in small lab bench quantities but in multi ton batches. The French had also been collecting refugee Physicists from across Europe like prize baseball cards. Rhodes in 'The Making of the Atomic Bomb' has several paragraphs on this. While some of the physicists were collected by the Brits the records at the Curie Institute and related facilities were not well preserved. Exactly what the French were aiming at and how far along they were is not clear to me. I suspect a Atomic power project of some sort. The USN initiated a Atomic power research program in 1939, so its not ASB some group like the Curie Institute had organized something similar.
The Brits have been accused of letting the question sit in academic debate, thus losing 8-10 months of practical research 1940-41. This is beyond my expertise but worth a look.
What this adds up to is the possibility the French research group is evacuated to Africa & either continues there, or the French work out a earlier collaboration with the US than the Brits did.
It's possible a greater Allied ability to pay might have delayed Lend-Lease, but I've assumed that the ongoing involvement of France improves American perceptions of the Allies, so I made it a wash, with LL happening at about the same time as OTL.5. Frances gold reserves were substantial, as were its foreign currency reserves. Unlike the British Empires 'Sterling Zone' the French banking system was a bit more compatible with the US & placed the French government & a better cash flow with the US. Not all the French Gold reserves were in distant Dakar or aboard the Bearn. In March 1940 two cruisers had been dispatched from France with a large quantity bullion for distribution in the North American banking system as collateral and for further payment on French purchases from US & Canadian industry. This is to say French financial transactions with US banks/industry would have been almost seamless in the post evacuation era, and France could have continued paying cash for a considerable time.
Absolutely yes. The Japanese offensive will hit its culmination point a long way short of Burma, and this butterfly might be the biggest of all. No confiscation of boats, much lower losses of merchant ships, and Burma (I believe a grain surplus area) will be able to contribute food supplies.I guess that a good side effect is that 3 million Bengalis in India don't starve as the colonial administration doesn't panic and start the scorched earth policy that they implemented after the fall of Bengal OTL as they panicked after the fall of Burma which doesn't happen ITTL.
The British may appear stronger, but independence is clearly still coming within a few years - the more interesting question is whether Partition still happens. I haven't worked out the dynamics.The successful defense of Singapore and Malaya and large parts of Dutch East Indies means that the British appear to be stronger than they actually are also an impression that the tide is turning so the Quit India Movement is butterflied away and massive butterflies may hit India, maybe even no partition as the Muslim League was still an organization of the elites and they never become the popular organization that they became once the Congress was gutted and its leaders jailed.
Unfortunately I'm not sure this is right. Ne Win was already a significant player within the Burmese nationalist movement, and Burma is sure to become independent once India does (as noted above that will be before 1950).In Burma the rise of General Ne Win is butterflied away so another plus for humanity.
I think a policy of constructive ambiguity prevails. On the one hand, it will be played up as a grand idealistic project. On the other, I think the mechanical challenge of creating a single government in London would prevent doing so. The French would also dislike the optics of appearing to live as supplicants. Doing so might badly hurt the legitimacy of the arrangement. So in practice all the difficult questions have been shelved for the duration, and the war effort still recognises the distinction between British and French forces, with unity only at the top levels (Army Group/ Theatre commanders etc).What is the reality of the Anglo-French Union other than jointly deciding war plans? It seems to me as a measure to justify the evacuation from the French mainland and continuing the war. It seems that the British Government operates from London whereas the French government operates from Algiers. If they are truly united shouldn't they be based out of London as a single government?
Not quite with impunity, they have taken and will take losses, but so long as Singapore holds, that will affect Australian opinion. John Curtin's famous speech on 26th December 1941 would not have been in quite the same terms. Instead of the loss of Force Z and probable defeat in Malaya, he sees a substantial British Eastern Fleet at Singapore. However, the heavy lifting in the South Pacific will be American. I think in these circumstances Australian policy will emphasise some kind of equivalent, balanced relationship as between the UK and US.ITTL the British Eastern Fleet or Pacific Fleet whichever is correct operates with impunity from the beginning of the war in the east so the Australian and the New Zealander navies are never forced to operate with the Americans and they are also never forced to request American protection as the British are already doing so. This would probably keep them bound more closely with the British Postwar.
I think he is anyway... but yes, after these exploits he'll be considered in Nelson's league.Admiral Cunningham ITTL still does Taranto and sees other action in the Mediterranean before moving onto the Pacific so he becomes more of a hero than OTL maybe the greatest British Admiral of the Century
Probably he'll have a higher reputation than OTL, but I doubt he'll command in Western Europe, he will need a rest after his exertions.Similarly Wavell with quick victories in the Middle East and doing the heavy lifting in the East means that he is already on of the greatest British Generals of the War at least until the ground war restarts in western Europe although much is left to decide his fate.
OTL he was with Force H, the elements of which stayed with the Home Fleet, so I guess he's in the Atlantic theatre. We'll encounter him before the end of Part Nine.Where is Admiral Somerville now that Cunningham is in the East?