Emerald of The Equator: An Indonesian TL

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The Rise of Contenders Part 7: Ebola
Biology wreaks havoc in Africa

The 1980s marked a decade of changes by the Soviet Union, stealing France’s rising status. Andropov reaffirmed his nation as the greater forces of socialism, and thus undermine France. Tensions in Europe is rising as due to this great rivalry between similar yet so different ideologies. Maritime Asia and the South Pacific marked a decade of peace and growth. Those societies neglected all those chaotic conundrums happening in Continental Asia. With East Asia restart a cordial relation between the Soviet Union, South Asia partly being under fire, and the Middle East which was starting to incite tensions also. Yet, in Africa, much of the situation revolves around war … and pandemic.

The partition of Belgian Congo has caused massive setbacks for society all across the region. The Democratic Republic of Congo had repeated itself with massive warmongering conflicts, needless insults and provocation to neighbouring countries, also with the widespread corruption, purge and mutiny for or against the communist government. The Republic of Kivu had always been Congo’s relentless plan of reclamation of the united Congo. Moreover, with the United Nation’s resolution of releasing the new states of Ruanda and Burundi, Kivu’s manpower and significance diminished. The Republic of Katanga, however, had been the most peaceful of those three, yet surrounded by conflicts do suffer the nation any chance of progress escaping from the vast problems.

In fact, more problems emerged from the chaos inside Congo. Extreme unhygienic conditions in northern parts of DR Congo caused people to ravage for food, including fruit bats. On the process, these fruit bats carried out a new strange disease. Called infamously as the Ebola virus, the virus became the deadliest VHF (Viral Hemorrhaging Fever) in the 1980s. The Ebola virus had early symptoms of cold and flu. But after seven days, the patient would soon suffer fever, sore throat, muscular pain and headaches. Untreated patients died after reaching the-point-of-no-return in 21 days. However, treated patients can be cured despite irreversible defect it may cause.

1605879884801.png

Ebola patients in 1978, Gabon

The outbreak began with three simultaneous outbreaks around the Congo basin. The first being from a school teacher from Kananga. The town was close towards the border between Katanga and Congo. A second outbreak occurred inside a larger town of Kisangani. This city, capital of Kivu until 1978, was announced as the largest contributor city towards Ebola cases. Originated from teenagers who were small militants against the impending Congo war, they contracted those diseases only to spread fast in the populace. The last of it, being on the city of Bangui, the Ubangi-Shari Republic’s capital. Located exactly by the border of DR Congo, the first case being Lokela Mbotu, a Congo DR citizen.

These three hotspots aided the spread of the disease on Sub-Saharan Africa. Wars going on the area increase the risks of infection as hygiene was mostly abandoned during warfare. However, with this factor, the Ebola outbreak remained under the radar for so long. Moreover, the United Nations failed to observe any biological threats going on in Africa, as they were to overwhelmed with the wars occurring everywhere in the Continent.

First international recognition, was the death of Joseph Iléo, the prime minister of Congo during that time. Although the UN demanded an extensive investigation of this virus, the Congolese Communist Party blatantly accuse the Congo Republic to indirectly kill their prime minister. As a result, war soon erupted in the region, which the UN viewed as a massive headache. During that time also, Katanga stroke against the Congo DR. The Churchill’s partition had given cities of Mwene-Ditu and Mbuji-Mayi as DR Congolese, despite the region’s being part of Katanga in the Belgian administration. Moïse Tshombe had called for the liberation of those lands, deemed successful as the communist’s forces were attacking both the Congo Republic and Kivu.

In 1979, the Ebola outbreak had reached parts of Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon. Some of the citizens of Cameroon understand of the outbreak as inevitable due to the inefficient government, had persuaded them to move upwards towards Nigeria. This meanwhile created a massive population spike on Biafra. Soon, Ebola arrived there, and infections also spread slowly into the population. The chain of reaction had resulted in the virus to keep migrating westwards, arriving at French Dahomey in 1980 and Liberia in 1981. By 1982, most of the region had acknowledged Ebola cases with a high fatality rate due to bad healthcare.

images-min.jpg

Cemeteries in Equatorial Guinea due to Ebola

Nigeria declared war on the contaminate regions Biafra and Benin in April 1979. Yet, this conflict had finally gained attention to the United Nations, which declared an economic and political embargo against the government of Nigeria. In June 1979, Nigeria announced an armistice of the barely withstanding nation of Biafra and Benin. Yet, after conditions in Angola and Mozambique wasn’t over yet, the United Nation slowly loss attention on the region. Later on, in December the nation continued its war efforts. However, the Fourth Biafran War had resulted in a massive victory for the underdog nation.

Nigeria by August had also suffered from Ebola, the backwater society in the lands of Sub-Saharan Africa had also caused similar troubles with the situation in Congo. Also with the influx of migrants keep coming from the East and South, governments become partly overran by wandering refugees. Biafra and Benin, however, had enacted a strict border control to fight against the incoming influx of population, while quickly expelled those who lingered in their soil. By November, most of the Ebola problems had been fixed by Biafra and Benin. They had prepared for war also.

The war lasted longer than the previous one, especially with a US backing towards the lesser nations. By around mid-1980, conditions had been nasty for Nigeria, as they had lost their sea-access from Biafra and Benin. Precisely a year after it started, Nigeria pled for a peace deal, a peace deal proven costly as the state must cede their only sea-port to the new state of Oyo. With also rising attention with the US on West Africa, this new state had been guaranteed by the other two nations of the West. Conveniently, they form a similar region, Southern Nigeria, an old colonial administration owned by the British. Further West, the French state of Dahomey had their case also rising. France, as the first global nation, was the first nation to eventually take notice of this growing virus. With almost 300 cases in 1982, France finally opened a serious discussion on Ebola to the United Nations.

1605880052790.png

French Dahomey Doctors, 1981

In 1982, things had gotten very dim. Nearly all of central Africa west of Lake Victoria had encountered or was been hit by the Ebola pandemic. Congo had been ravaged, and governments had tried so hard to solve the problem. Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Congo were also badly hit, causing the governments to fall for military control. In Nigeria, chaos began after the government’s defeat from the Biafran War. With Ubangi-Shari and Chad also affected, it only took a few months until Ebola arrived in Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and most of the East African nations.

Indonesia, effectively after reported that Ebola cases had emerged in Angola and Mozambique, immediately announced a withdrawal of intervention from these nations. Moreover, as LKY wasn’t eager to closing down business in Madagascar, any comers from Africa will have a strict background check, while illegal immigrants are deported immediately. Fortunately, the war was also ending in Angola and Mozambique, with 1983 as the closing point. Indonesia miraculously had no reported cases of Ebola by their campaigns and migrants.

Still, the United Nations addressed the issue with unanimous support from the Security Council. All five members agreed on resolving the Ebola Crisis by carrying extensive field hospitals and humanitarian aid towards these regions. Anticipated response from big superpowers had also been predicted; they helped those regions with the expense of expanding influence. The Soviet Union had been the most benefiting of them all, opening up networks in Nigeria, Ubangi-Shari, Chad and Cameroon. The French meanwhile, tried to sway Niger and Gabon, also with establishing proxy wars with the Soviet Union. The United States, being the less ambitious of them all, only concentrated its efforts in Biafra, Benin and Oyo.

The highest cases reported throughout the whole epidemic was in December of 1983 when Ebola had arrived in Guinea Bissau, Sierra Leone and Liberia. However, cases had decreased after that. With the end of 1985, the pandemic had been handled, the crisis was averted.

============================
One more chapter of Africa, then we finally moved to Asia.

And for those who still curious about Germany, here is a simple post regarding it.

Federal Kingdom of Germany (1964-)

1605880571486.png

National Flag, popular widely but mostly in Southern Germany

Federal Kingdom of Germany (FKG in short) is a federation of kingdoms located in Central Europe. The King is head of state and elected every 10 years with a limit of no consecutive terms. Currently, there are 5 candidates for the throne, House of Hannover, Prussia, Bavaria, Austria and Baden-Wurttemberg (Swabian Region). Because also of the new constitution, Parliament had 5-year terms instead of 4. They can't elect themselves, they have a separate body of Electors to vote for them. 69 lords, dukes and princes had been invited to be the Electors of the Kings, yet only 35 had accepted. Therefore, Germany added another 75 constituents originated from the Bundestag. Also, there is a proposed constitution that the King's election would be a 2-round system, the second being elected publicly. Yet, the system currently is still First-Past-The-Post (FPTP).

Currently, there are two alternative flag proposals by the people of Germany. The first one was the famous Second Reich Flag that symbolized the eclipse of German proud and prestige all across the world. However, the current flag was agreed by other houses, especially Austrian Hapsburgs, which symbolizes the unity of the German people. However, a small percentage of pro-hybrid followers, meaning pro-republic and pro-monarchy, has urged to use the Rhine Flag. It symbolized German's dream of retaking Saar once more, and reliving a Frankfurt Government similar to the dreams of the 1848 Revolution.

1605881696939.png


Flag Proposed by ardent Prussians, popular in North and East Germany

1605881499032.png

Flag Proposed by Hybrid followers, mostly derived from the Confederation of the Rhine Flag,
or the current Rhenish flag. Popular in West Germany
 
Biology wreaks havoc in Africa

The 1980s marked a decade of changes by the Soviet Union, stealing France’s rising status. Andropov reaffirmed his nation as the greater forces of socialism, and thus undermine France. Tensions in Europe is rising as due to this great rivalry between similar yet so different ideologies. Maritime Asia and the South Pacific marked a decade of peace and growth. Those societies neglected all those chaotic conundrums happening in Continental Asia. With East Asia restart a cordial relation between the Soviet Union, South Asia partly being under fire, and the Middle East which was starting to incite tensions also. Yet, in Africa, much of the situation revolves around war … and pandemic.

The partition of Belgian Congo has caused massive setbacks for society all across the region. The Democratic Republic of Congo had repeated itself with massive warmongering conflicts, needless insults and provocation to neighbouring countries, also with the widespread corruption, purge and mutiny for or against the communist government. The Republic of Kivu had always been Congo’s relentless plan of reclamation of the united Congo. Moreover, with the United Nation’s resolution of releasing the new states of Ruanda and Burundi, Kivu’s manpower and significance diminished. The Republic of Katanga, however, had been the most peaceful of those three, yet surrounded by conflicts do suffer the nation any chance of progress escaping from the vast problems.

In fact, more problems emerged from the chaos inside Congo. Extreme unhygienic conditions in northern parts of DR Congo caused people to ravage for food, including fruit bats. On the process, these fruit bats carried out a new strange disease. Called infamously as the Ebola virus, the virus became the deadliest VHF (Viral Hemorrhaging Fever) in the 1980s. The Ebola virus had early symptoms of cold and flu. But after seven days, the patient would soon suffer fever, sore throat, muscular pain and headaches. Untreated patients died after reaching the-point-of-no-return in 21 days. However, treated patients can be cured despite irreversible defect it may cause.

View attachment 601032
Ebola patients in 1978, Gabon

The outbreak began with three simultaneous outbreaks around the Congo basin. The first being from a school teacher from Kananga. The town was close towards the border between Katanga and Congo. A second outbreak occurred inside a larger town of Kisangani. This city, capital of Kivu until 1978, was announced as the largest contributor city towards Ebola cases. Originated from teenagers who were small militants against the impending Congo war, they contracted those diseases only to spread fast in the populace. The last of it, being on the city of Bangui, the Ubangi-Shari Republic’s capital. Located exactly by the border of DR Congo, the first case being Lokela Mbotu, a Congo DR citizen.

These three hotspots aided the spread of the disease on Sub-Saharan Africa. Wars going on the area increase the risks of infection as hygiene was mostly abandoned during warfare. However, with this factor, the Ebola outbreak remained under the radar for so long. Moreover, the United Nations failed to observe any biological threats going on in Africa, as they were to overwhelmed with the wars occurring everywhere in the Continent.

First international recognition, was the death of Joseph Iléo, the prime minister of Congo during that time. Although the UN demanded an extensive investigation of this virus, the Congolese Communist Party blatantly accuse the Congo Republic to indirectly kill their prime minister. As a result, war soon erupted in the region, which the UN viewed as a massive headache. During that time also, Katanga stroke against the Congo DR. The Churchill’s partition had given cities of Mwene-Ditu and Mbuji-Mayi as DR Congolese, despite the region’s being part of Katanga in the Belgian administration. Moïse Tshombe had called for the liberation of those lands, deemed successful as the communist’s forces were attacking both the Congo Republic and Kivu.

In 1979, the Ebola outbreak had reached parts of Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon. Some of the citizens of Cameroon understand of the outbreak as inevitable due to the inefficient government, had persuaded them to move upwards towards Nigeria. This meanwhile created a massive population spike on Biafra. Soon, Ebola arrived there, and infections also spread slowly into the population. The chain of reaction had resulted in the virus to keep migrating westwards, arriving at French Dahomey in 1980 and Liberia in 1981. By 1982, most of the region had acknowledged Ebola cases with a high fatality rate due to bad healthcare.

View attachment 601036
Cemeteries in Equatorial Guinea due to Ebola

Nigeria declared war on the contaminate regions Biafra and Benin in April 1979. Yet, this conflict had finally gained attention to the United Nations, which declared an economic and political embargo against the government of Nigeria. In June 1979, Nigeria announced an armistice of the barely withstanding nation of Biafra and Benin. Yet, after conditions in Angola and Mozambique wasn’t over yet, the United Nation slowly loss attention on the region. Later on, in December the nation continued its war efforts. However, the Fourth Biafran War had resulted in a massive victory for the underdog nation.

Nigeria by August had also suffered from Ebola, the backwater society in the lands of Sub-Saharan Africa had also caused similar troubles with the situation in Congo. Also with the influx of migrants keep coming from the East and South, governments become partly overran by wandering refugees. Biafra and Benin, however, had enacted a strict border control to fight against the incoming influx of population, while quickly expelled those who lingered in their soil. By November, most of the Ebola problems had been fixed by Biafra and Benin. They had prepared for war also.

The war lasted longer than the previous one, especially with a US backing towards the lesser nations. By around mid-1980, conditions had been nasty for Nigeria, as they had lost their sea-access from Biafra and Benin. Precisely a year after it started, Nigeria pled for a peace deal, a peace deal proven costly as the state must cede their only sea-port to the new state of Oyo. With also rising attention with the US on West Africa, this new state had been guaranteed by the other two nations of the West. Conveniently, they form a similar region, Southern Nigeria, an old colonial administration owned by the British. Further West, the French state of Dahomey had their case also rising. France, as the first global nation, was the first nation to eventually take notice of this growing virus. With almost 300 cases in 1982, France finally opened a serious discussion on Ebola to the United Nations.

View attachment 601034
French Dahomey Doctors, 1981

In 1982, things had gotten very dim. Nearly all of central Africa west of Lake Victoria had encountered or was been hit by the Ebola pandemic. Congo had been ravaged, and governments had tried so hard to solve the problem. Equatorial Guinea, Gabon and Congo were also badly hit, causing the governments to fall for military control. In Nigeria, chaos began after the government’s defeat from the Biafran War. With Ubangi-Shari and Chad also affected, it only took a few months until Ebola arrived in Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and most of the East African nations.

Indonesia, effectively after reported that Ebola cases had emerged in Angola and Mozambique, immediately announced a withdrawal of intervention from these nations. Moreover, as LKY wasn’t eager to closing down business in Madagascar, any comers from Africa will have a strict background check, while illegal immigrants are deported immediately. Fortunately, the war was also ending in Angola and Mozambique, with 1983 as the closing point. Indonesia miraculously had no reported cases of Ebola by their campaigns and migrants.

Still, the United Nations addressed the issue with unanimous support from the Security Council. All five members agreed on resolving the Ebola Crisis by carrying extensive field hospitals and humanitarian aid towards these regions. Anticipated response from big superpowers had also been predicted; they helped those regions with the expense of expanding influence. The Soviet Union had been the most benefiting of them all, opening up networks in Nigeria, Ubangi-Shari, Chad and Cameroon. The French meanwhile, tried to sway Niger and Gabon, also with establishing proxy wars with the Soviet Union. The United States, being the less ambitious of them all, only concentrated its efforts in Biafra, Benin and Oyo.

The highest cases reported throughout the whole epidemic was in December of 1983 when Ebola had arrived in Guinea Bissau, Sierra Leone and Liberia. However, cases had decreased after that. With the end of 1985, the pandemic had been handled, the crisis was averted.

============================
One more chapter of Africa, then we finally moved to Asia.

And for those who still curious about Germany, here is a simple post regarding it.
Do any of the 80s ebola case ever went overboard ittl? Maybe to the middle east or europe?
 
There are some isolated cases in Middle East. But for Europe, most cases come from France, which will certainly be in the next post.
Oh its france of course with their strong hold on africa for sure some case will come there but what about the african island of shore like the mauritious,cape verde,zanzibar and of course madagascar
 
Oh its france of course with their strong hold on africa for sure some case will come there but what about the african island of shore like the mauritious,cape verde,zanzibar and of course madagascar
LKY went paranoid mode for Ebola, therefore no cases in Madagascar. In Mauritius, Cape Verde and Zanzibar had little to none cases. Besides, Mauritius is also Indonesian.
 
LKY went paranoid mode for Ebola, therefore no cases in Madagascar. In Mauritius, Cape Verde and Zanzibar had little to none cases. Besides, Mauritius is also Indonesian.
Interesting though i can imagine goverment of each respectinh island impliment a strict policy btw when will you touch on the crazy dictator of africa
 
The Rise of Contenders Part 8: French Africa
Strive for Equality: A Story of pro-African France

France’s status as being lesser of the three superpowers actually cemented them as the most intriguing nations to observe. Coming as an imperialist bigot that may have harmed a population of blacks into Catholicism or other stuff, France rapidly changed as true libertarians of the world. For the first time in history, it was the first European nation that fully incorporated Africans as a citizen. That radical change, nevertheless, slowly took its toll for massive cultural upheaval.

France’s part friend the United Kingdom had conducted her first nuclear testing in 1957. After the war in Indonesia, the nation had no more interests in developing nuclear power due to political instabilities frequently occur. Because of that, France became Europe’s sole nuclear power after detonated Gerboise Bleue at Algeria in 1971. For more consolidation among her biggest allies, France also shared nuclear technology with them. China and India launched their first nuclear tests in 1973 and 1975 respectively. As a result, France was accused of propagating a possible nuclear annihilation to the United States and the Soviet Union. Those superpowers felt threatened with France’s aggressive stance, so they pled the United Nation to intervene. A proliferation treaty ban was attempted but failed miserably. Yet, France backed off any belligerent manoeuvre as the Soviet Union and the United States were uniting against her.

Thorezian rule in France was filled with prestigious megaprojects. Ambitious mechanical engineers had launched the first high-speed train in Europe. It as well surpassed Japan in connectivity, bringing both French mainland and Africa to have decent routes of commute. Henry Bernard had proposed new urban planning for Paris, adopting from the modernist style of Corbusier while implementing new methods of glass skyscrapers. Plan Bernard expanded Paris into greater Paris while redesigning the whole resident in Saint Dennis. However, their most prestigious of them all is the construction of Trans Sahara Railway, completed in 1976. This railway connects Dakar and Algiers with a high-speed connection cutting through the desert.

france_1.jpg

Saint Dennis, part of Greater France in 2016. A legacy from Bernard's Plan

French politics after 1960 revolved on a single purpose, revitalize healthier ties with the African locals. West Africa is abundant with metals and mineral resources, a perfect fit for a growing superpower. As they intended to extract the most beneficial way, a return for the locals was a thorough and extensive development of the regions. Much attention had been focused on the region for so long, that as mainland stagnated, West Africa had thrived exponentially.

Operation Joan of Arc is a failed diplomatic scheme plot by the United States. Yet, in any event, that operation set forth a perpetual conflict between locals and Paris. Algeria, Senegal and Mauritania were silent in any protests against the government, but local politicians in Dahomey, Niger and Togo demanded France to give them more. Nicéphore Soglo, a Togolese, preferred the Trans Sahara Railway to establish a small branch from Dakar to Porto-Novo. The French government noticed a potential in Dahomey, decided to agree on that insistence, giving more budget towards a second Trans Sahara project. This, however, demonstrated how biased the government had been towards Africans.

Georges Marchais leadership silenced any stance against Africa build-up. Furthermore, France’s economy was blossoming, and French culture had almost peaked another golden era after Louis XIV ‘Sun King’. Also, the African population is significantly equal to the French Mainland with projected faster growth in the future. Siding with them also meant absolute majority support for the rest of their lives. Also, for right-wing politicians such as Jean-Marie Le Pen, slight political relief came from French hardliners who migrated to Africa for remarkable business potential.

france_2.jpg

Pied-Noir family. This particular ethnic group grew in numbers since 1967

However, Georges Marchais’ presidency was marked with troubles, particularly in his late-term. Algier achieved two million in population by 1977 with a white population of nearly 40%. Dakar meanwhile acquired spikes of an influx in 1967,1972 and finally 1978 with a population of almost half a million with an outright white majority. Transfers of citizens from Africa to Europe also took place. Berbers, Arabs and other West African tribes resettled different cities in French Mainland. These miscellaneous cultures affected livelihood in France also, creating a more diverse population. Southern proud Occitan France, however, had a strong conservative platform, therefore had a less welcoming attitude towards African citizens. Various newcomers inhabit Paris, Calais, Lyon and Bordeaux.

Ebola had caught up in Central Africa, and reports had anticipated a wave of migrants to arrive in Dahomey per 1977. Yet, the government was not keen on aiding seriously any of those nations. Paris only pushed for small cash or medical support for pro-French nations to mitigate the pandemic. Instead, Marchais’ domestic policies specifically focused on building the entirety of French West Africa. Problems emerged in February of 1978, when those anticipated asylum seekers contracted Ebola, and start spreading the population in Dahomey and Niger. Powerful officials immediately announced a lockdown into both regions. Health workers, volunteers, and practitioners from everywhere in France flooded the region to combat the rapid infection in the region. By 1979, conditions had slackened with decreasing everyday cases. France was clearing itself on Ebola happily until reports of extremist movements had ravaged Chad.

The Republic of Chad, after their independence from successful part of the Operation Joan of Arc scheme, had never attained stability in the region. General Wadel Abdelkader Kamougué launched a coup in 1977 after the government suffered a prolonged political deadlock between pro-French and pro-Soviet factions. Just as the junta was finishing its last stage of purging any impermanence of the system, Ebola arrived at the nation. They were caught a startling crisis, as bad living conditions increased the spread quickly in rural places. Government’s ponderous edicts for Ebola had resulted in a strong opposition to emerge, that was Chad Islamic Revolutionary Front.

france_4.jpg

Government military vehicles before the 1977 coup

CIRF was an Islam fundamentalist movement originated from semi-arid Southern parts of Chad. It was an ardent anti-imperialist and had high hopes for Chad self-sufficiency. The government’s weak stance and control had enticed people to dream for a unified Islamic nation for West Africa. After the treatments from the West had begun to show limitations, CIRF intended to find alternatives from the Soviet Union. The Ebola conundrum did not weaken the movement’s supports, instead, it bolstered them. In 1980, CIRF controlled much of lush green Southern Chad after a year of civil war against the government. They spread their propaganda to Northern Nigeria, and eventually to Niger and Burkina Faso.

CIRF later was assisted by MAK, the secret service organization famous for its involvements in Pakistan and Afghanistan. A flow of Soviet weaponry started to arrive in CIRF after yet a Sudanese civil war erupted in late 1979. Propaganda demonstrated its effectiveness for the CIRF, as many supports had emerged from Niger and Burkina Faso. They indirectly caused another wave that France could not preempt. In the end, Ebola arrived in Paris, and the government panicked.

A political defeat for Marchais was also a rise for Mitterand. Mitterand, unlike Marchais, was nothing assuring for the Africans. He had seen most culture degeneration happening in Northern France, and was scaring Southern France. With paranoid citizens form high Ebola cases, white French population developed an exclusion for African migrants. It eventually led for distressed citizens, which caused massive political protest and chaos against the conservative neighbourhoods, endorsing the terror. Moreover, France was not fully prepared for integration, as in almost the entirety of Georges Marchais rule, the government had been to entitled for the well-being of people in Africa, not in Europe. Also, people in France were terrified for another European War, a move that Marchais was delightfully doing so.

france_3.jpg

Little Africa in Paris

Mitterand’s ascension to the presidency caused protest inevitably on the opposing sides; the Africans. French expatriates in Africa expressed concerns as well, but Mitterand’s focus was stiffened with matters on Europe. For Mainland Europe, Mitterand was famous for de-escalating tensions to Germany and possible the United States. Mitterand also improved French well-being by improving the tax rules, farming and industry in French Metropolitan. To lessened African resentment, Mitterand opted to divide France into two Metropolitans: French Metropolitan and West African Metropolitan. West African Metropolitans is everything south of Algeria and Morocco. He hoped that by that way, France can share the budget fairly to two Metropolitans. Observantly, this political initiative may reduce the protest, for now, effectively helping the government which is still combating the pandemic.

france_5.jpg

Mitterand's meeting with Helmut Schmidt

In 1983, much of the Ebola crisis has solved, and West African Metropolitan engaged with the Gambia. An annexation was followed after, and had fierce opposition from the United States and the Soviet Union, but not Germany. Pro-French sentiments occurred in Ghana. Yet, in a global stage, France was having problems after Andropov performed outstandingly in foreign policy. Currently, Mitterand is still developing a sound plan to fight the Soviet Union.

=========================​
This Chad Civil War is the Toyota War, but it would have a different background ITTL.
France is the saviour of West Africa, building them mercifully.
I don't think dictators in East Africa is needed to tell of at least for the 80s. I certainly do cover them later as they will have importance in the 90s. Nevertheless, Africa is now over, moving on to Asia.
 
Strive for Equality: A Story of pro-African France

France’s status as being lesser of the three superpowers actually cemented them as the most intriguing nations to observe. Coming as an imperialist bigot that may have harmed a population of blacks into Catholicism or other stuff, France rapidly changed as true libertarians of the world. For the first time in history, it was the first European nation that fully incorporated Africans as a citizen. That radical change, nevertheless, slowly took its toll for massive cultural upheaval.

France’s part friend the United Kingdom had conducted her first nuclear testing in 1957. After the war in Indonesia, the nation had no more interests in developing nuclear power due to political instabilities frequently occur. Because of that, France became Europe’s sole nuclear power after detonated Gerboise Bleue at Algeria in 1971. For more consolidation among her biggest allies, France also shared nuclear technology with them. China and India launched their first nuclear tests in 1973 and 1975 respectively. As a result, France was accused of propagating a possible nuclear annihilation to the United States and the Soviet Union. Those superpowers felt threatened with France’s aggressive stance, so they pled the United Nation to intervene. A proliferation treaty ban was attempted but failed miserably. Yet, France backed off any belligerent manoeuvre as the Soviet Union and the United States were uniting against her.

Thorezian rule in France was filled with prestigious megaprojects. Ambitious mechanical engineers had launched the first high-speed train in Europe. It as well surpassed Japan in connectivity, bringing both French mainland and Africa to have decent routes of commute. Henry Bernard had proposed new urban planning for Paris, adopting from the modernist style of Corbusier while implementing new methods of glass skyscrapers. Plan Bernard expanded Paris into greater Paris while redesigning the whole resident in Saint Dennis. However, their most prestigious of them all is the construction of Trans Sahara Railway, completed in 1976. This railway connects Dakar and Algiers with a high-speed connection cutting through the desert.

View attachment 603077
Saint Dennis, part of Greater France in 2016. A legacy from Bernard's Plan

French politics after 1960 revolved on a single purpose, revitalize healthier ties with the African locals. West Africa is abundant with metals and mineral resources, a perfect fit for a growing superpower. As they intended to extract the most beneficial way, a return for the locals was a thorough and extensive development of the regions. Much attention had been focused on the region for so long, that as mainland stagnated, West Africa had thrived exponentially.

Operation Joan of Arc is a failed diplomatic scheme plot by the United States. Yet, in any event, that operation set forth a perpetual conflict between locals and Paris. Algeria, Senegal and Mauritania were silent in any protests against the government, but local politicians in Dahomey, Niger and Togo demanded France to give them more. Nicéphore Soglo, a Togolese, preferred the Trans Sahara Railway to establish a small branch from Dakar to Porto-Novo. The French government noticed a potential in Dahomey, decided to agree on that insistence, giving more budget towards a second Trans Sahara project. This, however, demonstrated how biased the government had been towards Africans.

Georges Marchais leadership silenced any stance against Africa build-up. Furthermore, France’s economy was blossoming, and French culture had almost peaked another golden era after Louis XIV ‘Sun King’. Also, the African population is significantly equal to the French Mainland with projected faster growth in the future. Siding with them also meant absolute majority support for the rest of their lives. Also, for right-wing politicians such as Jean-Marie Le Pen, slight political relief came from French hardliners who migrated to Africa for remarkable business potential.

View attachment 603076
Pied-Noir family. This particular ethnic group grew in numbers since 1967

However, Georges Marchais’ presidency was marked with troubles, particularly in his late-term. Algier achieved two million in population by 1977 with a white population of nearly 40%. Dakar meanwhile acquired spikes of an influx in 1967,1972 and finally 1978 with a population of almost half a million with an outright white majority. Transfers of citizens from Africa to Europe also took place. Berbers, Arabs and other West African tribes resettled different cities in French Mainland. These miscellaneous cultures affected livelihood in France also, creating a more diverse population. Southern proud Occitan France, however, had a strong conservative platform, therefore had a less welcoming attitude towards African citizens. Various newcomers inhabit Paris, Calais, Lyon and Bordeaux.

Ebola had caught up in Central Africa, and reports had anticipated a wave of migrants to arrive in Dahomey per 1977. Yet, the government was not keen on aiding seriously any of those nations. Paris only pushed for small cash or medical support for pro-French nations to mitigate the pandemic. Instead, Marchais’ domestic policies specifically focused on building the entirety of French West Africa. Problems emerged in February of 1978, when those anticipated asylum seekers contracted Ebola, and start spreading the population in Dahomey and Niger. Powerful officials immediately announced a lockdown into both regions. Health workers, volunteers, and practitioners from everywhere in France flooded the region to combat the rapid infection in the region. By 1979, conditions had slackened with decreasing everyday cases. France was clearing itself on Ebola happily until reports of extremist movements had ravaged Chad.

The Republic of Chad, after their independence from successful part of the Operation Joan of Arc scheme, had never attained stability in the region. General Wadel Abdelkader Kamougué launched a coup in 1977 after the government suffered a prolonged political deadlock between pro-French and pro-Soviet factions. Just as the junta was finishing its last stage of purging any impermanence of the system, Ebola arrived at the nation. They were caught a startling crisis, as bad living conditions increased the spread quickly in rural places. Government’s ponderous edicts for Ebola had resulted in a strong opposition to emerge, that was Chad Islamic Revolutionary Front.

View attachment 603078
Government military vehicles before the 1977 coup

CIRF was an Islam fundamentalist movement originated from semi-arid Southern parts of Chad. It was an ardent anti-imperialist and had high hopes for Chad self-sufficiency. The government’s weak stance and control had enticed people to dream for a unified Islamic nation for West Africa. After the treatments from the West had begun to show limitations, CIRF intended to find alternatives from the Soviet Union. The Ebola conundrum did not weaken the movement’s supports, instead, it bolstered them. In 1980, CIRF controlled much of lush green Southern Chad after a year of civil war against the government. They spread their propaganda to Northern Nigeria, and eventually to Niger and Burkina Faso.

CIRF later was assisted by MAK, the secret service organization famous for its involvements in Pakistan and Afghanistan. A flow of Soviet weaponry started to arrive in CIRF after yet a Sudanese civil war erupted in late 1979. Propaganda demonstrated its effectiveness for the CIRF, as many supports had emerged from Niger and Burkina Faso. They indirectly caused another wave that France could not preempt. In the end, Ebola arrived in Paris, and the government panicked.

A political defeat for Marchais was also a rise for Mitterand. Mitterand, unlike Marchais, was nothing assuring for the Africans. He had seen most culture degeneration happening in Northern France, and was scaring Southern France. With paranoid citizens form high Ebola cases, white French population developed an exclusion for African migrants. It eventually led for distressed citizens, which caused massive political protest and chaos against the conservative neighbourhoods, endorsing the terror. Moreover, France was not fully prepared for integration, as in almost the entirety of Georges Marchais rule, the government had been to entitled for the well-being of people in Africa, not in Europe. Also, people in France were terrified for another European War, a move that Marchais was delightfully doing so.

View attachment 603075
Little Africa in Paris

Mitterand’s ascension to the presidency caused protest inevitably on the opposing sides; the Africans. French expatriates in Africa expressed concerns as well, but Mitterand’s focus was stiffened with matters on Europe. For Mainland Europe, Mitterand was famous for de-escalating tensions to Germany and possible the United States. Mitterand also improved French well-being by improving the tax rules, farming and industry in French Metropolitan. To lessened African resentment, Mitterand opted to divide France into two Metropolitans: French Metropolitan and West African Metropolitan. West African Metropolitans is everything south of Algeria and Morocco. He hoped that by that way, France can share the budget fairly to two Metropolitans. Observantly, this political initiative may reduce the protest, for now, effectively helping the government which is still combating the pandemic.

View attachment 603074
Mitterand's meeting with Helmut Schmidt

In 1983, much of the Ebola crisis has solved, and West African Metropolitan engaged with the Gambia. An annexation was followed after, and had fierce opposition from the United States and the Soviet Union, but not Germany. Pro-French sentiments occurred in Ghana. Yet, in a global stage, France was having problems after Andropov performed outstandingly in foreign policy. Currently, Mitterand is still developing a sound plan to fight the Soviet Union.

=========================​
This Chad Civil War is the Toyota War, but it would have a different background ITTL.
France is the saviour of West Africa, building them mercifully.
I don't think dictators in East Africa is needed to tell of at least for the 80s. I certainly do cover them later as they will have importance in the 90s. Nevertheless, Africa is now over, moving on to Asia.
Does this mean the us opperation in morocco was a failure or the moroccan have a hidden agenda for the future (since the us and morocco has i think has one of the oldest friendship treaty i mean certainly some politician or group wanted to "liberate" morocco)
 
Does this mean the us opperation in morocco was a failure or the moroccan have a hidden agenda for the future (since the us and morocco has i think has one of the oldest friendship treaty i mean certainly some politician or group wanted to "liberate" morocco)
I can't say more without spoiling things, unfortunately.

How large is France in Africa?

How rich will modern day Indonesia reach, perhaps OTL Japan levels?
France currently still holds most of North and West African colonies {WA Colonies without Chad, Ubangi-Shari (OTL Central African Republic), Congo R, Gabon and Cameroon} Modern-day Indonesia possibly will reach GDP (PPP) levels of Italy, but slightly lower than Japan.
 
The Rise of Contenders Part 9: Asia Minor
Rise of Islamo-communism

1607069306353.png

Flag of the People's Republic of Turkey (1973-)

The Republic of Turkey is a replacement for Turkey after the fall of the Ottoman Empire by the first world war. Turkey set a neutral stance in WW2. Mustafa Kemal, the Atatürk, reformed Turkey into selected pioneers of Western advancement in an Islamic society. Advocating liberalism and free-thinking, the Atatürk promoted Kemalism. It embraced a modernist lifestyle and secularism ideas, declining radical thinking into society. During the Cold War, Turkey is among the few nations which maintain a balanced position between France, the Soviet Union and the United States. However, it all came into a big tumble after a mistake done by the government.

In 1969, the whole world gained scanty observation into the situation in the Middle East. The Cypriot Crisis was prompted through the rigid flight of Israeli people when their state was annexed by the UASR. An incident uncalled for the rest of the world, the Democrat Party of Turkey saw it as a disaster. As the Jews were flocking to Cyprus, many Turkish Cypriots were worried about their presence for the island. Some have blamed the Greek Cypriots of inviting the Jews, as Jews were mostly tolerant of the particular ethnic. As the immigrant population grew, the ethnic Turks bitterness grew also. The Turkish Mainland, Ankara, took a stand for stopping the immigration inrush to the island, and yet earned less of a reply from the young Cypriot government, currently dominated by Greek ethnicity.

Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, the President of Turkey since 1960 at that time, had a strong resentment towards ethnic Greeks and was involved during the Istanbul Pogrom in 1955. He sensed an opportunity to reclaim Cyprus, and he directly declared a war for Cypriots deliverance in 15th February of 1969. This announcement shocked the world, and the United Nations already introduced sanctions. Yet, due to the strong proxy war following between three global powers, the UN was ineffective because they involved not to maintaining peace, but to strengthening each of the three global powers' own domains.

Armed conflicts started to occur in March. The Turkish had given an outstanding blow to the Cypriot government. A complete Turkish regiment was departed from Iskenderun to Cyprus for aiding the Turkish Cypriot rebels. They General Cemal Gürsel had thought this war to be quick and decisive. It was confirmed by the end of the year, much of the Northern area of the island was secured by the Turks. However, the General was wrong.

1607069393071.png

The Turkish Regiments sent to Cyprus

The act of aggression immediately gained the Cypriot government international recognition and sympathy. The Greeks act earliest, sending volunteers for the government. Germany, which was trying to appease the Hellenic government, also aided the government supplies of weaponry. The UASR, surprisingly, helped the government solely because they wanted Cyprus to keep the Israeli refugees as long as possible, releasing much concern for the integration of Palestine. France, although despised the Cypriot’s gradual allegiance to Germany, agreed on sending medical supplies for the government. Impartial factions by 1970 were the Soviet Union and the United States. The United States was eager to aid the Republic of Turkey for its highly democratic society. However, the Nixon Administration was more willing to reconcile with Europe, therefore abandoning any plans of helping. They acclaimed their abstinence on intervening in April 1969, saying ‘the United States has no business in Asia Minor’.

The longer Turkey was involved in the war; defeats continue to happen. The short-sighted victory ended with a humiliating defeat, the Turkish regiment even was encircled in a port. The Republic of Turkey finally drafted a peace to the Cypriot government. In 21st August 1969, the Treaty of Nicosia was signed. There would be no further Turkish interests allowed on the Cypriot soil. The Turkish ethnics will be forced to deport if any paramilitary activities happen after the peace was signed.

The peace deal resulted in many ethnic Turks in Cyprus to flee for the mainland. The government and the coalition were deeply flustered with the defeat, and after that dissatisfaction was sown to the Democratic Party of Turkey. The Democratic Party blamed the military to be poor organization. The aged General was obliged to resign, and the military opposed the government actions. In 1970, the military tried to regain their reputation with staging a coup. However, a small misdirection between the army officials failed the operation, and jeopardize the military’s strength even further. The government continued to lose their legitimacy, and soon factions were forming.

The Soviet Union was intrigued with Asia Minor destabilized. For all the nations, Turkey was the hardest for turning. The legacy of Atatürk prevented any anti-capitalism thoughts into fruition. The loss in the Cypriot War cracked all of those restrictions. In 1971, Andropov launched Operation Sinope, inspired with the Russian naval victory from the Crimean War. Operation Sinope infiltrated the Republic of Turkey with pro-communist partisans. That pro-social organization had functioned even during the Kemalist era, yet they finally had a chance to grow after Cypriot War.

In 1973, the communist party became the second-largest organization in Turkey, fallen behind the government party. The communist launch labour strikes, demonstrations and anti-government propaganda all across Anatolia. The Turkish Communist Party had obstacles in persuading Turkish Straits. The Constantinople Liberation Movement, a Greek separatist movement, had strengthened the local Turks’ support for the partly anti-Greek government. In Anatolia, especially on the heated region where Kurds were rising, the TCP gained massive traction.

As the leader of the TCP, Çetin wanted to topple the government peacefully. Even with the Soviet Union assistance, the TCP cannot suffer to be ashamed like the military did in 1970 if a coup must be done. Determined with success, Çetin Atlan demanded a referendum for the Republic of Turkey. Startlingly, the government agreed on a referendum, probably because of similar confidence of victory. In April 1973, just months before the appointed election in October, Turkey held a referendum.

The results were surprisingly close, and a shocking one. The TCP hold the largest share of the people, barely passing the majority percentage. The Democratic Party, and all of the other parties, had less percentage than expected. The government accused the TCP of voter fraud and other electoral crimes. They even prepared for a ban for the TCP. Yet, the TCP acted faster. Çetin Atlan became the President of the People’s Republic of Turkey. He immediately ordered a massive change for the government and giving reforms against the pro-banker predecessor. Çetin exploited the Islamic majority with socialist policies, combining to win the populace faster. Though core communist values were instilled, the government appeased the labour equally to the religious.

1607069655102.png

Women Supporters for the TCP, although their freedom was slightly restricted with pro-fundamentalist regulations

Çetin Atlan, inclined with Atatürk’s motivation, decided to become the founding father of this new Turkey. He announced a Sharia-commune law, a hybrid judicial system between Islamic sharia law and pro-community law. As they have some striking resemblance, the code was ratified inside the Constitution. He banned banks and financial business that deemed too Western. He proposed a health and financial pension for workmen. Moreover, he intended to repopulate the Eastern Anatolia with more Turkish families. The transmigration policy inflated the Kurdish sentiments in the region and started the Kurdish War of Independence.

The People’s Republic of Turkey established itself as a new ideology for Islamic nations. The ideology is similar to the failed Masyumi experiment in Indonesia’s 1955 election. A merge between right fundamental Islamic values and left commune socialist norms, Islamo-communism has emerged gradually for Turkey. By 1982, the TCP had absolute control of the government and already appointed a Great Imam for the citizens to revere. With that, Turkey also had a decent relation with Saudi Arabia, although the royals didn’t like the Turkish form of government. The MAK as a whole endorsed the sharia-commune law, praising it as a future for Islam. Yet, Abdullah Yusuf Azzam disagreed with communism as a stereotype, giving that the TCP should disband to favour a more Islamic party. His friends, Osama bin Laden for example, really supported the hybrid ideology. Still, the government in Ankara is strongly inclined to Andropov government and continued to be currently.

======================​

Turkey is an ally for the Soviet Union after 1973. Also, the ideology of Turkey is adopting making it somewhat a bridge to Saudi Arabia. Turkey denounced Iran because of its pro-capitalist nature, while loathed the UASR because of secularist rules. After the Cypriot War, Turkey's hatred to Greece grows, although does nothing as a countermeasure.

Sharia-communism is a mixture of Islamism and communism, something I want to dive to as the TL's new wave of ideologies. OTL, the conditions and history forced Islamism and communism to not be applied at one, ITTL, I want to experiment. Islamo-communism is basically a stronger ideology to Islamo-socialism. OTL, Indonesia is considered as an Islamo-social nation, having socialist rules while still acknowledging Islam's beliefs. Islamo-communism basically is extremely anti-imperialism, anti-capitalism and anti-liberalism. Strong pillar for labour, while an equivalent enthusiasm also for religious. The balance is what makes the ITTL MAK leader upset. The MAK is OTL's most radical Islamic groups. As the hardline Middle East is allying the Soviet Union, unlike OTL the United States, they tend to build a middle ground between Marxist ideals with Islam.


I honestly didn't expect the chapter to be somewhat longer. I will skip America and Australia, as they would be more significant especially after 1988. As a result, I probably have two more chapters about Asia. After that, we finally return home.
 
Rise of Islamo-communism

View attachment 604932
Flag of the People's Republic of Turkey (1973-)

The Republic of Turkey is a replacement for Turkey after the fall of the Ottoman Empire by the first world war. Turkey set a neutral stance in WW2. Mustafa Kemal, the Atatürk, reformed Turkey into selected pioneers of Western advancement in an Islamic society. Advocating liberalism and free-thinking, the Atatürk promoted Kemalism. It embraced a modernist lifestyle and secularism ideas, declining radical thinking into society. During the Cold War, Turkey is among the few nations which maintain a balanced position between France, the Soviet Union and the United States. However, it all came into a big tumble after a mistake done by the government.

In 1969, the whole world gained scanty observation into the situation in the Middle East. The Cypriot Crisis was prompted through the rigid flight of Israeli people when their state was annexed by the UASR. An incident uncalled for the rest of the world, the Democrat Party of Turkey saw it as a disaster. As the Jews were flocking to Cyprus, many Turkish Cypriots were worried about their presence for the island. Some have blamed the Greek Cypriots of inviting the Jews, as Jews were mostly tolerant of the particular ethnic. As the immigrant population grew, the ethnic Turks bitterness grew also. The Turkish Mainland, Ankara, took a stand for stopping the immigration inrush to the island, and yet earned less of a reply from the young Cypriot government, currently dominated by Greek ethnicity.

Fatin Rüştü Zorlu, the President of Turkey since 1960 at that time, had a strong resentment towards ethnic Greeks and was involved during the Istanbul Pogrom in 1955. He sensed an opportunity to reclaim Cyprus, and he directly declared a war for Cypriots deliverance in 15th February of 1969. This announcement shocked the world, and the United Nations already introduced sanctions. Yet, due to the strong proxy war following between three global powers, the UN was ineffective because they involved not to maintaining peace, but to strengthening each of the three global powers' own domains.

Armed conflicts started to occur in March. The Turkish had given an outstanding blow to the Cypriot government. A complete Turkish regiment was departed from Iskenderun to Cyprus for aiding the Turkish Cypriot rebels. They General Cemal Gürsel had thought this war to be quick and decisive. It was confirmed by the end of the year, much of the Northern area of the island was secured by the Turks. However, the General was wrong.

View attachment 604933
The Turkish Regiments sent to Cyprus

The act of aggression immediately gained the Cypriot government international recognition and sympathy. The Greeks act earliest, sending volunteers for the government. Germany, which was trying to appease the Hellenic government, also aided the government supplies of weaponry. The UASR, surprisingly, helped the government solely because they wanted Cyprus to keep the Israeli refugees as long as possible, releasing much concern for the integration of Palestine. France, although despised the Cypriot’s gradual allegiance to Germany, agreed on sending medical supplies for the government. Impartial factions by 1970 were the Soviet Union and the United States. The United States was eager to aid the Republic of Turkey for its highly democratic society. However, the Nixon Administration was more willing to reconcile with Europe, therefore abandoning any plans of helping. They acclaimed their abstinence on intervening in April 1969, saying ‘the United States has no business in Asia Minor’.

The longer Turkey was involved in the war; defeats continue to happen. The short-sighted victory ended with a humiliating defeat, the Turkish regiment even was encircled in a port. The Republic of Turkey finally drafted a peace to the Cypriot government. In 21st August 1969, the Treaty of Nicosia was signed. There would be no further Turkish interests allowed on the Cypriot soil. The Turkish ethnics will be forced to deport if any paramilitary activities happen after the peace was signed.

The peace deal resulted in many ethnic Turks in Cyprus to flee for the mainland. The government and the coalition were deeply flustered with the defeat, and after that dissatisfaction was sown to the Democratic Party of Turkey. The Democratic Party blamed the military to be poor organization. The aged General was obliged to resign, and the military opposed the government actions. In 1970, the military tried to regain their reputation with staging a coup. However, a small misdirection between the army officials failed the operation, and jeopardize the military’s strength even further. The government continued to lose their legitimacy, and soon factions were forming.

The Soviet Union was intrigued with Asia Minor destabilized. For all the nations, Turkey was the hardest for turning. The legacy of Atatürk prevented any anti-capitalism thoughts into fruition. The loss in the Cypriot War cracked all of those restrictions. In 1971, Andropov launched Operation Sinope, inspired with the Russian naval victory from the Crimean War. Operation Sinope infiltrated the Republic of Turkey with pro-communist partisans. That pro-social organization had functioned even during the Kemalist era, yet they finally had a chance to grow after Cypriot War.

In 1973, the communist party became the second-largest organization in Turkey, fallen behind the government party. The communist launch labour strikes, demonstrations and anti-government propaganda all across Anatolia. The Turkish Communist Party had obstacles in persuading Turkish Straits. The Constantinople Liberation Movement, a Greek separatist movement, had strengthened the local Turks’ support for the partly anti-Greek government. In Anatolia, especially on the heated region where Kurds were rising, the TCP gained massive traction.

As the leader of the TCP, Çetin wanted to topple the government peacefully. Even with the Soviet Union assistance, the TCP cannot suffer to be ashamed like the military did in 1970 if a coup must be done. Determined with success, Çetin Atlan demanded a referendum for the Republic of Turkey. Startlingly, the government agreed on a referendum, probably because of similar confidence of victory. In April 1973, just months before the appointed election in October, Turkey held a referendum.

The results were surprisingly close, and a shocking one. The TCP hold the largest share of the people, barely passing the majority percentage. The Democratic Party, and all of the other parties, had less percentage than expected. The government accused the TCP of voter fraud and other electoral crimes. They even prepared for a ban for the TCP. Yet, the TCP acted faster. Çetin Atlan became the President of the People’s Republic of Turkey. He immediately ordered a massive change for the government and giving reforms against the pro-banker predecessor. Çetin exploited the Islamic majority with socialist policies, combining to win the populace faster. Though core communist values were instilled, the government appeased the labour equally to the religious.

View attachment 604934
Women Supporters for the TCP, although their freedom was slightly restricted with pro-fundamentalist regulations

Çetin Atlan, inclined with Atatürk’s motivation, decided to become the founding father of this new Turkey. He announced a Sharia-commune law, a hybrid judicial system between Islamic sharia law and pro-community law. As they have some striking resemblance, the code was ratified inside the Constitution. He banned banks and financial business that deemed too Western. He proposed a health and financial pension for workmen. Moreover, he intended to repopulate the Eastern Anatolia with more Turkish families. The transmigration policy inflated the Kurdish sentiments in the region and started the Kurdish War of Independence.

The People’s Republic of Turkey established itself as a new ideology for Islamic nations. The ideology is similar to the failed Masyumi experiment in Indonesia’s 1955 election. A merge between right fundamental Islamic values and left commune socialist norms, Islamo-communism has emerged gradually for Turkey. By 1982, the TCP had absolute control of the government and already appointed a Great Imam for the citizens to revere. With that, Turkey also had a decent relation with Saudi Arabia, although the royals didn’t like the Turkish form of government. The MAK as a whole endorsed the sharia-commune law, praising it as a future for Islam. Yet, Abdullah Yusuf Azzam disagreed with communism as a stereotype, giving that the TCP should disband to favour a more Islamic party. His friends, Osama bin Laden for example, really supported the hybrid ideology. Still, the government in Ankara is strongly inclined to Andropov government and continued to be currently.

======================​

Turkey is an ally for the Soviet Union after 1973. Also, the ideology of Turkey is adopting making it somewhat a bridge to Saudi Arabia. Turkey denounced Iran because of its pro-capitalist nature, while loathed the UASR because of secularist rules. After the Cypriot War, Turkey's hatred to Greece grows, although does nothing as a countermeasure.

Sharia-communism is a mixture of Islamism and communism, something I want to dive to as the TL's new wave of ideologies. OTL, the conditions and history forced Islamism and communism to not be applied at one, ITTL, I want to experiment. Islamo-communism is basically a stronger ideology to Islamo-socialism. OTL, Indonesia is considered as an Islamo-social nation, having socialist rules while still acknowledging Islam's beliefs. Islamo-communism basically is extremely anti-imperialism, anti-capitalism and anti-liberalism. Strong pillar for labour, while an equivalent enthusiasm also for religious. The balance is what makes the ITTL MAK leader upset. The MAK is OTL's most radical Islamic groups. As the hardline Middle East is allying the Soviet Union, unlike OTL the United States, they tend to build a middle ground between Marxist ideals with Islam.


I honestly didn't expect the chapter to be somewhat longer. I will skip America and Australia, as they would be more significant especially after 1988. As a result, I probably have two more chapters about Asia. After that, we finally return home.
Do some turkish anti communist official fled? Perhaps to the us or germany or swiss (being neutral) surely there are anti communist opposition in turkey and if the turks let say do have a govt in exile where does it based?
 
The Rise of Contenders Part 10: South Asia
The Great Game 2.0

Arriving in the 1980s, the public had been fixated with the situations in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The latest offensive by the Soviet state, with also an American intervention in favour of the Pakistani, has escalated the tensions into a warming proxy war. Both contesting nations were proven to be costly for entering this new stage of the war, fighting among selves that carried nothing but destruction upon the lands. Despite similar openings, Pakistan and Afghanistan had a drastically different outcome.

Pakistan emerged on the international news when the newest communist revolution erupted in August 1979. The pro-democratic state was accused of inefficiency and constant stalemate on anything. The communist wing was funded by the Chinese government, after aligning themselves with communist India. After a slight Panic of 1978, which caused a slight national recession, the revolutionaries had decided that the moment was right, and overthrew the government.

By 15th of September, the communist revolutionaries had established the People’s Republic of Pakistan with Karachi as the nation’s capital. The Indian government announced an agreement regarding the Jammu-Kashmir once and for all, while the Chinese government started sending goods for the newly established regime. The General Secretary, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, published instant soothing efforts for joining the ‘Continentale’¸or basically China-India sphere.

1607678205361.png

Pakistani Islamic-Democratic Front posing in Northern Pakistan, almost 2 miles from the Afghan-Pakistani border, 1981

The Karachi Hostage Crisis happened as due to the United States’ Embassy allegedly permitting democratic sympathizers to take refuge on the building. On December, nearly 300 pro-democratic politicians, including the then defence minister, stayed in the United States’ Embassy for asylum. In 1980, months before the US General Election, the Embassy was stormed by young revolutionaries. It took 32 US citizens hostage, while already killed 5 people. President Carter retaliated with a declaration of intervention, and saying the new leadership as ‘Terror Regime’. The implications were very convenient for Carter, as it boosted his chances of winning his first election. After the election, the United States announced support to the remnants of the old republic, now become a bunch of Islamic fundamentalists.

Unlike the previous administration, this communist rule declared the nation to relieve their hatred towards their Hindu brothers. Even though public sentiment still spared death than cooperation, General Secretary Zulfikar promoted more cooperation with China, and confidentially reopened ties with India. In the press, or around the nation, Zulfikar promoted close alignment to China, rather than Iran. This manipulated the public view and evaded any allegations of associating with the ‘demonic’ Indians. The communist revolutionaries were supported by Pakistani neighbours. The Soviet Union, which was already engaging in Afghanistan communists, declared also a support for the young body. China, as expected, had sent divisions to combat against the Islamic fundamentalists. India, meanwhile, had tried to stay silent, although still supported the regime like everyone else.

In Afghanistan, the Soviets intervened in the War after an Afghan Civil War erupted around the same time with Pakistani Revolutions. The kingdom was ousted in 1973 due to the democratization process, only to cause another revolution for the communists in 1978. In that time also, the Mujahedeen rebels, both Sunni and Shia, announced their detestation towards the new red regime and react with rapid insurgency efforts. As the United States intervened in Pakistan, they also aided military appliances to the Mujahedeen rebels. The Afghan communist power held their land astonishingly with the Soviet Union, despite the opposition hard blows and victories around the nation.

1607677904397.png

Soviet Troops in Afghanistan, 1982

Shockingly, the short war had lengthened unto present day*. By early 1985, the Soviet had announced a direct invasion to Afghanistan for quenching the radical Islamic pockets all around the country. Not only supported by Western powers, but the Mujahedeen also supported by MAK, Saudi’s intelligence. The Soviet Union is extremely furious that an ally has supported the opposing faction. The Saudi’s remained silent, which was awaited because of their later events before the 90s came.

In Pakistan, the war also evolved into a slow but gruesome civil war. The public support of Pakistani communist government was waning after India’s direct involvement helping the government. Added with successful Islamist campaigns all over the region, this nation was predicted to end its war sooner than its northern neighbour.

India Stabilizes

EMS Namboodiripad became the official leader for India in 1966, tossing out Indira Gandhi after the North-South increasing tension across India. The communist party, along with the alliance, managed to reform the nation into a much more unified country, by doing what the Chinese did before. In 1970, Namboodiripad had revamped the nation into a one-coalition party dictatorship, although not as radical as Maoist rule. The Indian communist administration, however, adopted a very liberal economic relaxation, while locating the core division between North and South, thus mend them together again. He quietened the south sentiments of northern spoils by the government, while also maintaining the northern success in harvest, industry and economy. Basically, he intended to balance the nation. He invited French agriculturalists to examine the Indian crops while advising on further enhancement. Also, he began the construction of the Pan-Indian Highway, which basically looped India into a massive highway network.

1607678500765.png

French agriculture experts looking at Indian rice, 1971

A partnership with France boosted India into a growing industrial power competing with China. Despite no innovativeness, as China did under Mao, India Socialist Republic remained industrious and skilled. The North, under the Indian National Congress, has unfolded with sophisticated rice farming with also growing heavy industry. Namboodiripad also enhanced rice production, although not extensively to create a massive inequality gap between two regions. Under Namboodiripad, the South’s plantation and agriculture were treated better, and by 1974 it had become the largest exporter of tea, cotton and sugarcane in the world. Rice production is slightly unappealing, a decent third below China and Indonesia. Yet, in terms of industry, India is growing rapidly. Even without other foreign assistance, India had grown likewise China, able to stand on their own feet. They had their counterfeit, less advanced Western products in the making, yet the people were never disappointed by the communist government. Invested by France, India had become France’s greatest trials for greatness. However, it changed when Namboodiripad decided to retire.

The General Secretary and Prime Minister decided to end his term by the new year of 1975. The successor was undecided by the outgoing politician. The Communist Party of India, with the coalition, must decide to pick their successor. They opted the second largest members of the coalition, the National Workers Party of India to pick. The NWPI voted for Rajmohan Gandhi. Rajmohan Gandhi, still left-leaning, is not particularly an ardent supporter of the communist regime. Living out in the States for a long time, Rajmohan Gandhi supported the West as Indira Gandhi did. This kind of successor gave problems to the communist rule, possible returning India to the previous system which the communist had strived not to return. However, his premiership was quite popular among the people. Fortunately for the communist party, his jurisdiction was not to deform the current establishment.

After his commencement, Rajmohan Gandhi visited the building Kra Canal and offered Thailand his own nation’s workers to help boost the construction into completion. In his rule also, he opened a good eye for the conditions on the East, such as Bangladesh and Myanmar. Bangladesh, after liberation in the early 70s, has become increasingly friendly to India regardless of attempts by the Indonesian government to sway against. In Myanmar, the Indian government was supportive of military control and even offered the business to arrive in Myanmar. Moreover, Gandhi also opened relations with Andropov, something that even his far-left predecessor even done.

Regardless of his initial success, his rule abruptly stopped when Janata’s resistance put a bullet on his head. The assassination shocked the nation as a whole, although not so in the world. Mogiligundla Baga Reddy followed him. Just like Namboodiripad and Gandhi are similar to Mao, Mogiligundla Baga Reddy was the Madame Mao.

1607678956185.png

Indian talks to promote Reddy's Anti-Caste Revolution

After his ascension in 1977, Reddy announced the coalition to disband and join under the Communist rule. He also added the Anti-Caste Revolution, a similar Cultural Revolution-Esque by Madame Mao even before her climbing into her own nation. Reddy even proceeded to purge his military officials or doing covert operation allegedly or guiltily with the opposition. However, unlike Madame Mao did three years later, Reddy’s revolution was orderly paced, and was relatively acceptable to the people. He also ordered a massive campaign against the Janata's resistance. He swore to put an end for the Hindu radicals.

The years of communist rule did undermine Hindu’s thick religious models. After Reddy ascended to the leader of India, this was finally annihilated and noticeably outlawed. He envisioned equality without exclusions. This move was unprecedented by any politician, even the communists were not so adamant to change this before Reddy rose. However, the decade of red rule had given Reddy promising results; much more Indians have become atheists.

Temples, shrines and mosques remained intact especially influential ones like the Taj Mahal. However, practices of religion were highly repressed under Reddy, some even partly banned. The Anti-Caste Revolution did evolve successfully. By 1981, public opinion on Pakistan had gradually improved. Even harsher sympathizers even considering a condemnation to Janata Resistance, which still lingers on parts of South-Eastern India.

============================​
*present-day as in ITTL November-1985
India is growing quickly like China, while the US is busy with Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Next up, we finally resolve the question of How the hell Hongkong still survive?
 
Do some turkish anti communist official fled? Perhaps to the us or germany or swiss (being neutral) surely there are anti communist opposition in turkey and if the turks let say do have a govt in exile where does it based?
To Germany probably, maybe with a base on Bonn rather than Berlin.
 
The Great Game 2.0

Arriving in the 1980s, the public had been fixated with the situations in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The latest offensive by the Soviet state, with also an American intervention in favour of the Pakistani, has escalated the tensions into a warming proxy war. Both contesting nations were proven to be costly for entering this new stage of the war, fighting among selves that carried nothing but destruction upon the lands. Despite similar openings, Pakistan and Afghanistan had a drastically different outcome.

Pakistan emerged on the international news when the newest communist revolution erupted in August 1979. The pro-democratic state was accused of inefficiency and constant stalemate on anything. The communist wing was funded by the Chinese government, after aligning themselves with communist India. After a slight Panic of 1978, which caused a slight national recession, the revolutionaries had decided that the moment was right, and overthrew the government.

By 15th of September, the communist revolutionaries had established the People’s Republic of Pakistan with Karachi as the nation’s capital. The Indian government announced an agreement regarding the Jammu-Kashmir once and for all, while the Chinese government started sending goods for the newly established regime. The General Secretary, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, published instant soothing efforts for joining the ‘Continentale’¸or basically China-India sphere.

View attachment 606873
Pakistani Islamic-Democratic Front posing in Northern Pakistan, almost 2 miles from the Afghan-Pakistani border, 1981

The Karachi Hostage Crisis happened as due to the United States’ Embassy allegedly permitting democratic sympathizers to take refuge on the building. On December, nearly 300 pro-democratic politicians, including the then defence minister, stayed in the United States’ Embassy for asylum. In 1980, months before the US General Election, the Embassy was stormed by young revolutionaries. It took 32 US citizens hostage, while already killed 5 people. President Carter retaliated with a declaration of intervention, and saying the new leadership as ‘Terror Regime’. The implications were very convenient for Carter, as it boosted his chances of winning his first election. After the election, the United States announced support to the remnants of the old republic, now become a bunch of Islamic fundamentalists.

Unlike the previous administration, this communist rule declared the nation to relieve their hatred towards their Hindu brothers. Even though public sentiment still spared death than cooperation, General Secretary Zulfikar promoted more cooperation with China, and confidentially reopened ties with India. In the press, or around the nation, Zulfikar promoted close alignment to China, rather than Iran. This manipulated the public view and evaded any allegations of associating with the ‘demonic’ Indians. The communist revolutionaries were supported by Pakistani neighbours. The Soviet Union, which was already engaging in Afghanistan communists, declared also a support for the young body. China, as expected, had sent divisions to combat against the Islamic fundamentalists. India, meanwhile, had tried to stay silent, although still supported the regime like everyone else.

In Afghanistan, the Soviets intervened in the War after an Afghan Civil War erupted around the same time with Pakistani Revolutions. The kingdom was ousted in 1973 due to the democratization process, only to cause another revolution for the communists in 1978. In that time also, the Mujahedeen rebels, both Sunni and Shia, announced their detestation towards the new red regime and react with rapid insurgency efforts. As the United States intervened in Pakistan, they also aided military appliances to the Mujahedeen rebels. The Afghan communist power held their land astonishingly with the Soviet Union, despite the opposition hard blows and victories around the nation.

View attachment 606870
Soviet Troops in Afghanistan, 1982

Shockingly, the short war had lengthened unto present day*. By early 1985, the Soviet had announced a direct invasion to Afghanistan for quenching the radical Islamic pockets all around the country. Not only supported by Western powers, but the Mujahedeen also supported by MAK, Saudi’s intelligence. The Soviet Union is extremely furious that an ally has supported the opposing faction. The Saudi’s remained silent, which was awaited because of their later events before the 90s came.

In Pakistan, the war also evolved into a slow but gruesome civil war. The public support of Pakistani communist government was waning after India’s direct involvement helping the government. Added with successful Islamist campaigns all over the region, this nation was predicted to end its war sooner than its northern neighbour.

India Stabilizes

EMS Namboodiripad became the official leader for India in 1966, tossing out Indira Gandhi after the North-South increasing tension across India. The communist party, along with the alliance, managed to reform the nation into a much more unified country, by doing what the Chinese did before. In 1970, Namboodiripad had revamped the nation into a one-coalition party dictatorship, although not as radical as Maoist rule. The Indian communist administration, however, adopted a very liberal economic relaxation, while locating the core division between North and South, thus mend them together again. He quietened the south sentiments of northern spoils by the government, while also maintaining the northern success in harvest, industry and economy. Basically, he intended to balance the nation. He invited French agriculturalists to examine the Indian crops while advising on further enhancement. Also, he began the construction of the Pan-Indian Highway, which basically looped India into a massive highway network.

View attachment 606874
French agriculture experts looking at Indian rice, 1971

A partnership with France boosted India into a growing industrial power competing with China. Despite no innovativeness, as China did under Mao, India Socialist Republic remained industrious and skilled. The North, under the Indian National Congress, has unfolded with sophisticated rice farming with also growing heavy industry. Namboodiripad also enhanced rice production, although not extensively to create a massive inequality gap between two regions. Under Namboodiripad, the South’s plantation and agriculture were treated better, and by 1974 it had become the largest exporter of tea, cotton and sugarcane in the world. Rice production is slightly unappealing, a decent third below China and Indonesia. Yet, in terms of industry, India is growing rapidly. Even without other foreign assistance, India had grown likewise China, able to stand on their own feet. They had their counterfeit, less advanced Western products in the making, yet the people were never disappointed by the communist government. Invested by France, India had become France’s greatest trials for greatness. However, it changed when Namboodiripad decided to retire.

The General Secretary and Prime Minister decided to end his term by the new year of 1975. The successor was undecided by the outgoing politician. The Communist Party of India, with the coalition, must decide to pick their successor. They opted the second largest members of the coalition, the National Workers Party of India to pick. The NWPI voted for Rajmohan Gandhi. Rajmohan Gandhi, still left-leaning, is not particularly an ardent supporter of the communist regime. Living out in the States for a long time, Rajmohan Gandhi supported the West as Indira Gandhi did. This kind of successor gave problems to the communist rule, possible returning India to the previous system which the communist had strived not to return. However, his premiership was quite popular among the people. Fortunately for the communist party, his jurisdiction was not to deform the current establishment.

After his commencement, Rajmohan Gandhi visited the building Kra Canal and offered Thailand his own nation’s workers to help boost the construction into completion. In his rule also, he opened a good eye for the conditions on the East, such as Bangladesh and Myanmar. Bangladesh, after liberation in the early 70s, has become increasingly friendly to India regardless of attempts by the Indonesian government to sway against. In Myanmar, the Indian government was supportive of military control and even offered the business to arrive in Myanmar. Moreover, Gandhi also opened relations with Andropov, something that even his far-left predecessor even done.

Regardless of his initial success, his rule abruptly stopped when Janata’s resistance put a bullet on his head. The assassination shocked the nation as a whole, although not so in the world. Mogiligundla Baga Reddy followed him. Just like Namboodiripad and Gandhi are similar to Mao, Mogiligundla Baga Reddy was the Madame Mao.

View attachment 606876
Indian talks to promote Reddy's Anti-Caste Revolution

After his ascension in 1977, Reddy announced the coalition to disband and join under the Communist rule. He also added the Anti-Caste Revolution, a similar Cultural Revolution-Esque by Madame Mao even before her climbing into her own nation. Reddy even proceeded to purge his military officials or doing covert operation allegedly or guiltily with the opposition. However, unlike Madame Mao did three years later, Reddy’s revolution was orderly paced, and was relatively acceptable to the people. He also ordered a massive campaign against the Janata's resistance. He swore to put an end for the Hindu radicals.

The years of communist rule did undermine Hindu’s thick religious models. After Reddy ascended to the leader of India, this was finally annihilated and noticeably outlawed. He envisioned equality without exclusions. This move was unprecedented by any politician, even the communists were not so adamant to change this before Reddy rose. However, the decade of red rule had given Reddy promising results; much more Indians have become atheists.

Temples, shrines and mosques remained intact especially influential ones like the Taj Mahal. However, practices of religion were highly repressed under Reddy, some even partly banned. The Anti-Caste Revolution did evolve successfully. By 1981, public opinion on Pakistan had gradually improved. Even harsher sympathizers even considering a condemnation to Janata Resistance, which still lingers on parts of South-Eastern India.

============================​
*present-day as in ITTL November-1985
India is growing quickly like China, while the US is busy with Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Next up, we finally resolve the question of How the hell Hongkong still survive?
Okay this is interesting india politics is unstable and pakistan is on a civil war i have several question

1.does this mean the goverment of pakistan is more liberal and less opresive than ittl pakistan? (But still have an anti indian/hindu sentiment which probably the us support)
2.what is the reaction of the uasr and saudi on the growing us involvement on the pakistani civil war
3.does india ever attempt a direct invasion of pakistan?
4.in comparison with ittl pakistan does otl pakistan have a much more stable and advanced economy?
5.since india is adopting an atheist policy will the taj mahal suffet the same fate as the saint basil cathedral? (Being turned into a storage space) or perhaps suffer a worse fate
6.what is communist india think about its neighbour nepal,bhutan and bangladesh?
7.do religious extremism will become a problem in india (so like islamic extremist but with india its hindu extremist) since the goverment is basically repressing the religious people (which i bet its pretty significant)
 
Okay this is interesting india politics is unstable and pakistan is on a civil war i have several question

1.does this mean the goverment of pakistan is more liberal and less opresive than ittl pakistan? (But still have an anti indian/hindu sentiment which probably the us support)
2.what is the reaction of the uasr and saudi on the growing us involvement on the pakistani civil war
3.does india ever attempt a direct invasion of pakistan?
4.in comparison with ittl pakistan does otl pakistan have a much more stable and advanced economy?
5.since india is adopting an atheist policy will the taj mahal suffet the same fate as the saint basil cathedral? (Being turned into a storage space) or perhaps suffer a worse fate
6.what is communist india think about its neighbour nepal,bhutan and bangladesh?
7.do religious extremism will become a problem in india (so like islamic extremist but with india its hindu extremist) since the goverment is basically repressing the religious people (which i bet its pretty significant)

1. probably due to joint forces between liberal Americans and more Islamist fundamentalists
2. UASR probably condemn, while the Sauds can't express much because their own MAK is involved there
3. No, I think that would trigger direct warfare with everyone.
4. ITTL Pakistan is less stable currently, considering the trend, it would stay that way
5. I think Taj Mahal will survive in the atheist nation, albeit the norms regulated there.
6. Bangladesh is friendly, Nepal and Bhutan are essentially puppets of Sino-Indian sphere.
7. Islamic extremists is definitely a problem, and I think Hindu (or even Sikhs) extremist would rise as well.

Asian mainland has become a communist backyard now. It will be interesting to see PKI reaction to this.
Well, the PKI has splitter into PPI and PRD (a split between siding with major communist powers, or determining their own communist path). But the PPI would rise in numbers definitely, seeing Asia going red than ever.
 
1. probably due to joint forces between liberal Americans and more Islamist fundamentalists
2. UASR probably condemn, while the Sauds can't express much because their own MAK is involved there
3. No, I think that would trigger direct warfare with everyone.
4. ITTL Pakistan is less stable currently, considering the trend, it would stay that way
5. I think Taj Mahal will survive in the atheist nation, albeit the norms regulated there.
6. Bangladesh is friendly, Nepal and Bhutan are essentially puppets of Sino-Indian sphere.
7. Islamic extremists is definitely a problem, and I think Hindu (or even Sikhs) extremist would rise as well.


Well, the PKI has splitter into PPI and PRD (a split between siding with major communist powers, or determining their own communist path). But the PPI would rise in numbers definitely, seeing Asia going red than ever.
I wonder how a hindu/sikh extremism would looj like since there is a lot of pretty hardcore stuff in hindu/sikh religion like sacrifice and what not
 
With East Asian community integration will modern day Indonesia have high speed rail? Especially with it’s high living standards?

How about military industry?
 
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