What do you think about this thread?

  • Awesome!!

    Votes: 55 64.0%
  • Okay...

    Votes: 25 29.1%
  • Meh...

    Votes: 4 4.7%
  • It's Bad

    Votes: 2 2.3%

  • Total voters
    86
I think Indonesia would have more people study abroad, and as more foreigners arrived in Indonesia, hygiene would improve as also the society's prosperity.


Somewhat of, but not for long.
Interesting and of talking about the area what happen to el salvador and guatemala
 
East Asian Community Part 12: Changes in Cities
Hustle and Bustle: A Story of Cities Classical Age

Peace and business were two crucial things of settling metropolises. After the Australian Aggression, there were few upheavals occurred. The Papuan insurgency, later, died off, also with Aceh and few others. As those realms became peaceful, the others thrived in figures. Immigration, economic boom and high growth in the society marked Indonesia cities’ augmentation. A fragile lasting peace on East Asia, unlike other regions, which were smoking on fire, also helped newcomers to flock around these areas.

Plans of the Old, Constructed by the New

Indonesia’s cities, throughout the years, had risen in the number of public transports. Commuters have grown dramatically, and outskirts are constructing to have their outstations. Although most of the construction occurred in the first term of Subandrio, the concept of it came as early as Nasution’s 100-day commitments. Some of it was completed in Nasution’s rule but majorly were either redesigned or refurbished by Subandrio. Nasution’s planning period was mainly adopted precisely from the American culture, while Subandrio may alter to promote some of Indonesia’s local culture later on.

The start of American inrush into Indonesia marked the first extension scheme of three main areas, Jakarta, Batam and Tembagapura. These three cities were Nasution’s top priority, an Indonesian clay since the 50s and had already assimilated fully to the Indonesian culture. These three cities were arranged to become Indonesia’s gate into the world. The government intentionally forsook Singapore, the largest port in South East Asia, mainly because the island is still influenced by British politics.

Jakarta was grown with Setiabudhi’s Grid Project. It is an enormous office complex designed for Jakarta’s Central Business District. It would connect Jakarta with Kebayoran Baru. The government would outline blocks, and sell them to foreign investors. While drawn lenders constructed fancy buildings, Indonesia would aid on covering the public transit, providing MRT access and bus terminals. Later, Subandrio abandoned this project, and Setiabudhi’s ambitious masterpiece was left half-finished, as only the Northern parts were leased and fully access-provided.

cities_1.jpg

BNI 46 Tower, later named as Sudirman Tower, became an icon on Setiabudhi Grid's Classical Era

Jakarta also had a wide expansion of industrial complexes, some of it even exceeded the boundaries of the Federal District. Cengkareng and Pulo Gadung became Jakarta’s industrial strongpoint, covering both ends of the district. Textile industry flourished in Cengkareng, enterprises established almost 100 factories in the region. Pulo Gadung, however, was interested in electronics and chemical companies. As per 1971, nearly fifty businesses flocked to build factories on that area. While Cengkareng and Pulo Gadung grew, the surrounding regions quickly populated with hopeful workers to a promising prospect.

cities_2.jpg

Businessman and Politician Suharto before his death, oversight his franchise automotive company (Honda) in Pulo Gadung

In Batam, the Malacca Strait Military Base had become Indonesia’s greatest military base. An extensive military base, consisting of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force itself, was built to protect the valuable Malaccan Strait from hostilities. As Indonesia owns absolute control of the strait, Indonesia wanted to perform control on the region, while also oversight multitude of shipping in and out from the nation. From a modest volume of 5000 personnel, the former administration expanded the base to exceed 45000 by 1990. This swelling in numbers may cause Batam’s surrounding towns, Tanjung Pinang and Kota Batam had been exploded in numbers, majorly of them immigrated from Java and Sumatra.

The champion of growth of Indonesian cities located almost everyone in Papua. Both presidencies acknowledged the island’s importance; abundance in mineral resources, strategic location and untouched nature interested nearly everyone to migrate to the Bird Island. Two cities that gained the highest in population growth was Kotabaru and Tembagapura.

cities_3.jpg

Timika Municipal in 1984

Kotabaru is located at the Northern side of Papua. Situated East from Biak, Kotabaru was a crosspoint between anywhere in Indonesia, to anywhere on the Pacific, granting the city’s popular name as ‘last point’. The city grew inhabitants after the discovery of multiple precious mines in Papua’s northern mountain region. However, due to the city’s rough terrain, most of the populous build a new town West of Kotabaru, where Liberty Space Station was transformed into a bustling city.

Tembagapura was popular because of one enterprise: ‘Freeport’. As Freeport found gold near the town, a massive influx of American mining companies, with also locals in competition, joined the pursuit in searching for gold in the Southern part of Papua’s Maoke Mountain Range. Tembagapura outshone Timika by the start of the 80s, that Timika was organised as one of Tembagapura’s municipalities. The city’s expansion started to move West, while East remained blocked for civilian construction due to Lorentz National Park.

Albeit those two locations, Southern Papua has started to gain trends for the next wave of Papuan immigration. With relatively flat lands in the South, the Carter Administration has invested nearly a billion dollars in constructing a new Space Center. Merauke, Tanamerah and Kota Mappi has been flooded with immigrants, seeking for having a fortune in the most profitable region in Indonesia.

All of these cities, designed architecture that completely copied the Western-style in the 70s. As most of them were purposed to appeal to foreign investors to feel like ‘home’, Federal Districts new development plans have been drawn similarly to American architecture. Sometimes, European architecture was also involved, particularly in lowlands such as Jakarta, when LKY’s governance even proposed a Dutch canal system.

Jakarta, Batam and all of the examples was nicknamed as ‘first-tier cities’. These cities were already in progress from Nasution’s government, and Subandrio agreed on continuing as it is. They were constructed in ‘layers’ of zones, each zone was distinctive. Central cities, Zone A, was full of public transports, compact roads with red lights, and massive pavements. Zone A would be filled in office spaces, government buildings, and most national monuments. Zone B, residential zone, would have roads as broad as possible, common interactions with layered interchanges, and massive bus network. Such as Grogol and Cempaka Putih, houses filled the vast lands, and toll roads connected the city centre with the houses. Zone C, industrial zone, would have designated truck lanes, and a heavy network of public transport. Seaports, airports and cargo stations would be located here, giving less pollution towards the inner cities.

Plans of the New, Integrate it with the Old

Meanwhile, cities that were planned after Nasution’s downfall was called ‘second-tier cities’. These cities, ultimately, was far more complicated than their older generation. LKY mirrored from Singapore and decided that old blends with new were enticing and fascinating. Therefore, he invited local engineers to construct an exceptional style of architecture, that only Singapore can have it. This era of building was called ‘Nusantara Architecture’ and has gained prominence after Subandrio’s term.

cities_4.jpg

I Gusti Ngurah Rai Airport, in Denpasar, Bali. It blends native Bali pura with modern architecture

These second-tier cities would erect structures that would increase the city’s allure. As a result, they assimilate modern architecture with traditional ones and combine it to create a unique style. Originated in Singapore, they built apartment complexes that were typical and captivating. This variety of architecture spread throughout new booming cities. Jogjakarta, Surabaya and Semarang started to decorate their cities with amazing touch, giving Indonesia much more colour than monotonous first-tier cities.

Unfortunately, these type of cities were still uncommon in 1984, as they just gained attention on the start of 1980s. Moreover, the government prioritize spending in Federal Districts, which most of them constructed by the first-tier ideas. In addition to it, 1986 would mark a point of change in Indonesia.

===================​
This would be the penultimate chapter for East Asian Community, as the next chapter would wrap up the EAC Organization. The next chapter would focus on foreign events all across the world. Trust me, the world post-1984 is interesting.
 
Let's what is LKY response is. As he himself is not exactly fond of liberalism either, he is more paternalistic than authoritarian though.
True, the divide between his faction's liberal policy against himself would increase the chasm. Not to mention that the PRDs are actually similar to LKY in ideology.

I wonder what country indonesia try to copy it infrastructure on, and oh i wonder do the javasche bank still exist?
I hope I've answered the first question.

Javasche Bank still being nationalised as OTL and became Bank Indonesia. Bank Indonesia in the federal republic is more like the Federal Reserve in the US.

Interesting and of talking about the area what happen to el salvador and guatemala
We'll get into that after this chapter is closed.
 
Hustle and Bustle: A Story of Cities Classical Age

Peace and business were two crucial things of settling metropolises. After the Australian Aggression, there were few upheavals occurred. The Papuan insurgency, later, died off, also with Aceh and few others. As those realms became peaceful, the others thrived in figures. Immigration, economic boom and high growth in the society marked Indonesia cities’ augmentation. A fragile lasting peace on East Asia, unlike other regions, which were smoking on fire, also helped newcomers to flock around these areas.

Plans of the Old, Constructed by the New

Indonesia’s cities, throughout the years, had risen in the number of public transports. Commuters have grown dramatically, and outskirts are constructing to have their outstations. Although most of the construction occurred in the first term of Subandrio, the concept of it came as early as Nasution’s 100-day commitments. Some of it was completed in Nasution’s rule but majorly were either redesigned or refurbished by Subandrio. Nasution’s planning period was mainly adopted precisely from the American culture, while Subandrio may alter to promote some of Indonesia’s local culture later on.

The start of American inrush into Indonesia marked the first extension scheme of three main areas, Jakarta, Batam and Tembagapura. These three cities were Nasution’s top priority, an Indonesian clay since the 50s and had already assimilated fully to the Indonesian culture. These three cities were arranged to become Indonesia’s gate into the world. The government intentionally forsook Singapore, the largest port in South East Asia, mainly because the island is still influenced by British politics.

Jakarta was grown with Setiabudhi’s Grid Project. It is an enormous office complex designed for Jakarta’s Central Business District. It would connect Jakarta with Kebayoran Baru. The government would outline blocks, and sell them to foreign investors. While drawn lenders constructed fancy buildings, Indonesia would aid on covering the public transit, providing MRT access and bus terminals. Later, Subandrio abandoned this project, and Setiabudhi’s ambitious masterpiece was left half-finished, as only the Northern parts were leased and fully access-provided.

View attachment 588647
BNI 46 Tower, later named as Sudirman Tower, became an icon on Setiabudhi Grid's Classical Era

Jakarta also had a wide expansion of industrial complexes, some of it even exceeded the boundaries of the Federal District. Cengkareng and Pulo Gadung became Jakarta’s industrial strongpoint, covering both ends of the district. Textile industry flourished in Cengkareng, enterprises established almost 100 factories in the region. Pulo Gadung, however, was interested in electronics and chemical companies. As per 1971, nearly fifty businesses flocked to build factories on that area. While Cengkareng and Pulo Gadung grew, the surrounding regions quickly populated with hopeful workers to a promising prospect.

View attachment 588646
Businessman and Politician Suharto before his death, oversight his franchise automotive company (Honda) in Pulo Gadung

In Batam, the Malacca Strait Military Base had become Indonesia’s greatest military base. An extensive military base, consisting of the Army, the Navy and the Air Force itself, was built to protect the valuable Malaccan Strait from hostilities. As Indonesia owns absolute control of the strait, Indonesia wanted to perform control on the region, while also oversight multitude of shipping in and out from the nation. From a modest volume of 5000 personnel, the former administration expanded the base to exceed 45000 by 1990. This swelling in numbers may cause Batam’s surrounding towns, Tanjung Pinang and Kota Batam had been exploded in numbers, majorly of them immigrated from Java and Sumatra.

The champion of growth of Indonesian cities located almost everyone in Papua. Both presidencies acknowledged the island’s importance; abundance in mineral resources, strategic location and untouched nature interested nearly everyone to migrate to the Bird Island. Two cities that gained the highest in population growth was Kotabaru and Tembagapura.

View attachment 588645
Timika Municipal in 1984

Kotabaru is located at the Northern side of Papua. Situated East from Biak, Kotabaru was a crosspoint between anywhere in Indonesia, to anywhere on the Pacific, granting the city’s popular name as ‘last point’. The city grew inhabitants after the discovery of multiple precious mines in Papua’s northern mountain region. However, due to the city’s rough terrain, most of the populous build a new town West of Kotabaru, where Liberty Space Station was transformed into a bustling city.

Tembagapura was popular because of one enterprise: ‘Freeport’. As Freeport found gold near the town, a massive influx of American mining companies, with also locals in competition, joined the pursuit in searching for gold in the Southern part of Papua’s Maoke Mountain Range. Tembagapura outshone Timika by the start of the 80s, that Timika was organised as one of Tembagapura’s municipalities. The city’s expansion started to move West, while East remained blocked for civilian construction due to Lorentz National Park.

Albeit those two locations, Southern Papua has started to gain trends for the next wave of Papuan immigration. With relatively flat lands in the South, the Carter Administration has invested nearly a billion dollars in constructing a new Space Center. Merauke, Tanamerah and Kota Mappi has been flooded with immigrants, seeking for having a fortune in the most profitable region in Indonesia.

All of these cities, designed architecture that completely copied the Western-style in the 70s. As most of them were purposed to appeal to foreign investors to feel like ‘home’, Federal Districts new development plans have been drawn similarly to American architecture. Sometimes, European architecture was also involved, particularly in lowlands such as Jakarta, when LKY’s governance even proposed a Dutch canal system.

Jakarta, Batam and all of the examples was nicknamed as ‘first-tier cities’. These cities were already in progress from Nasution’s government, and Subandrio agreed on continuing as it is. They were constructed in ‘layers’ of zones, each zone was distinctive. Central cities, Zone A, was full of public transports, compact roads with red lights, and massive pavements. Zone A would be filled in office spaces, government buildings, and most national monuments. Zone B, residential zone, would have roads as broad as possible, common interactions with layered interchanges, and massive bus network. Such as Grogol and Cempaka Putih, houses filled the vast lands, and toll roads connected the city centre with the houses. Zone C, industrial zone, would have designated truck lanes, and a heavy network of public transport. Seaports, airports and cargo stations would be located here, giving less pollution towards the inner cities.

Plans of the New, Integrate it with the Old

Meanwhile, cities that were planned after Nasution’s downfall was called ‘second-tier cities’. These cities, ultimately, was far more complicated than their older generation. LKY mirrored from Singapore and decided that old blends with new were enticing and fascinating. Therefore, he invited local engineers to construct an exceptional style of architecture, that only Singapore can have it. This era of building was called ‘Nusantara Architecture’ and has gained prominence after Subandrio’s term.

View attachment 588644
I Gusti Ngurah Rai Airport, in Denpasar, Bali. It blends native Bali pura with modern architecture

These second-tier cities would erect structures that would increase the city’s allure. As a result, they assimilate modern architecture with traditional ones and combine it to create a unique style. Originated in Singapore, they built apartment complexes that were typical and captivating. This variety of architecture spread throughout new booming cities. Jogjakarta, Surabaya and Semarang started to decorate their cities with amazing touch, giving Indonesia much more colour than monotonous first-tier cities.

Unfortunately, these type of cities were still uncommon in 1984, as they just gained attention on the start of 1980s. Moreover, the government prioritize spending in Federal Districts, which most of them constructed by the first-tier ideas. In addition to it, 1986 would mark a point of change in Indonesia.

===================​
This would be the penultimate chapter for East Asian Community, as the next chapter would wrap up the EAC Organization. The next chapter would focus on foreign events all across the world. Trust me, the world post-1984 is interesting.
Post 1984? Hmm george orwell refference here? And oh do the lorentz national park area change or do it still stay mostly the same in otl? (due to construction and rapid growth)
 
The national park borders probably became smaller than OTL and was pushed East.
Damn i have a feeling that ittl indonesia will experience a lot deforestation well lets just hope it still have a lot of green areas and also i hope you make a post telling how life in albania is due to 1 i think you mentioned that ittl enver hoxha is not as paranoid as before and 2 albania is becominh like yugoslavia otl (a mix between east and west) and plus a western movie is shot there that wil surely increase tourism
 
Last edited:
East Asian Community Part 13: Benefits and Growth of an Organization
East Asian Community: A Good Start for East Asian Integration

East Asian Community is an economic bloc to reduce trade tariffs. EAC originated as a Free Trade Bloc amongst anti-Chinese sentiment across the West Pacific, and to increase relations with pro-American nations. As a start, the EAC also paved way for PATO or Hawaii Pact. In the early years of EAC, the organization was led by dominant Japan. In later years, more and more successor have risen to become equal.

Barely a year of existence, the East Asian Community has contributed so much into the fast growth of East Asia. Initiated by Japanese Prime Minister Taiyo Mimura wanted to decrease economic tariffs to close friends, especially as the JSP agenda was mainly about fixing the nation’s welfare and healthcare. Moreover, Taiyo Mimura was the first prime minister of Japan, which suggested open borders for immigration, the first time any Japanese leader proposed in history.

After the Korean War and the Vietnam War, Japan was the first Asian nation to be in full speed for developing. As the country proceeded to experience a prolonged economic boom, Japan needed more resources to continue the trend. Korea was Japan’s first target to befriend, but the Rising Sun never knew that the significant Japanese market originated elsewhere; Indonesia. Indonesia was the Japanese largest market that they can get; proximity and history may bond Indonesia into a better relation, although history may reveal dark Japanese histories. Due to that, Japan also preferred this economic friendship as one way to give its best apology towards the nations tortured during WW2.

Moreover, Indonesia was not alone. As part of the Spratly League, Japan also invited South Vietnam and the Philippines to join the EAC. Although the Philippines initially wasn’t eager on economic integration, they reluctantly accept as South Vietnam agreed. Fortunately, Marcos had determined his greatest choice, as Japan has outstandingly aid economic boom on Maritime SEA for the last two years.

Korea, as time passes by, has become Japan’s junior partner in EAC. As Korea has been industrialized the nation rapidly, its status has risen to be on par with Japan. Korea has built the devastated the former-communist lands into southern development equals. A united Korea has made the nation experienced an economic miracle, a miracle much similar to Japan years prior. As Korea thrived in constructing electrical companies, they too started to arrive in the South East Asian market, competing with the dominant Japanese base.

eac_1.jpg

Suncheon in 1978

Japan and Korea, in 1984, was an industrialized-based nation. Industry, processing and heavy-metal machinery had become the largest economic sector in those nations, and they can be said as new first-world nations. However, due to the high industrialized society, they require high raw products. These products can be found, conveniently, in South East Asia. Although Indonesia was catching up in terms of industrialization, it was nothing comparing to Japan. Moreover, South Vietnam and the Philippines was even trying to get out from outdated agriculture systems.

eac_2.jpg

Saigon 1980

The trade was simple, Japan and Korea would assist South East Asian nations to build their industry, while in return they receive lowered tariffs in raw resources. Besides, multinational companies, especially from Japan, may enter into the markets of the south, dominating them in several sectors of the market. For example, as there was no widespread automotive industry available anywhere around South East Asia, Japanese car manufacture had used this opportunity to expand the market there. Toyota, Nissan and Honda all are competing for the same market, and Japanese cars flooded to Indonesia. In the last semester of 1984, Toyota had launched almost 100,000 cars to be sold in Indonesia. In industry, Toyota had also leased thirty hectares of land in Cakung, a new industrial zone Subandrio government had just opened.

eac_4.jpg

Toyota factory in Cakung, 1984
The other one was electrical appliances industry. Companies like Sharp, Panasonic and Nikon had infiltrated the market as the leading electronic appliances enterprises. Nikon specialized in optical instruments, such as a camera. Another business tends to expand its specialities, ranging from home appliances like refrigerators and air conditioners to office uses like computers and telephones. They flooded the market in EAC. Just barely a year, Indonesia has seen momentous effects.

Despite all the benefits EAC could give, some felt EAC was Japan’s discreet methods of neo-imperialism. In Korea, a small radical group despised Korea’s entry to the EAC, seeing as Japan’s new imperialism method. In the Philippines, several anti-Japanese demonstrators had burnt offices. Fortunately, in Indonesia, this protest was minimum to no existence.

The EAC was all fine and dandy and were peaceful also. Meanwhile, Japan introduced its plans regarding expansion. In 7th October 1984, Japan’s EAC committee declared that Australia was invited to the EAC. Although Australia’s political force was mainly southern-drive, some Labor-Liberal bureaucrats approved of an economic gift from the land up North. Moreover, Australia was feeling jealous of Indonesia’s rapid growth inside the EAC, while Australia still had ongoing political crises that harmed its economy. Most of EAC members approved Australia’s entrance, except Indonesia whom for some hatred still dwells.

The anti-Australian sentiment in Indonesia came from old-guard politicians, mostly from PNI-R and PRD members. The war was still evident and plain for old politicians. Some elder, although felt the cost of war, forgave the enemies, and later joined up with a younger generation of politicians. This faction became the liberal faction of Indonesia, mostly as PPP and PPI politicians. So, PNI-R members orchestrated demonstration demanding Indonesia to reject Australia’s entrance towards the EAC. The government neglected the demand, stating that we all could never pick. Moreover, friendship is better than conflict. Luckily, the protesters were not as sound or organized, therefore its struggle immediately vanquished in vain.

eac_3.jpg

Anti-Japanese Protestors in front of the Governor Building in Majapahit State
Another issue that comes up with EAC membership is Taiwan’s appeal on joining the EAC. Japan never really processed the offer, as they still were afraid of China. Although how weak China has become due to purges Madame Mao has held, China is still a strong nation. Moreover, Japan’s politicians had even determined to make China in EAC, as it would give Japanese corporation a huge market expansion. Chiang Ching Kuo, Taiwan’s President, had tried numerous times to make his nation a part of EAC. However, Japan never really listened to his request. Besides, Japan preferred to have good relations with its primary trading partner in South East Asia, all of them had grudges with Taiwanese actions in the South China Sea.

The EAC, despite just being established, has granted a boost for economic growth in South East Asia. It kept the trend for most of the decade, as East Asia stayed calm and peaceful.

==========================
As promised, next chapter would be entirely about foreign events.
 
East Asian Community: A Good Start for East Asian Integration

East Asian Community is an economic bloc to reduce trade tariffs. EAC originated as a Free Trade Bloc amongst anti-Chinese sentiment across the West Pacific, and to increase relations with pro-American nations. As a start, the EAC also paved way for PATO or Hawaii Pact. In the early years of EAC, the organization was led by dominant Japan. In later years, more and more successor have risen to become equal.

Barely a year of existence, the East Asian Community has contributed so much into the fast growth of East Asia. Initiated by Japanese Prime Minister Taiyo Mimura wanted to decrease economic tariffs to close friends, especially as the JSP agenda was mainly about fixing the nation’s welfare and healthcare. Moreover, Taiyo Mimura was the first prime minister of Japan, which suggested open borders for immigration, the first time any Japanese leader proposed in history.

After the Korean War and the Vietnam War, Japan was the first Asian nation to be in full speed for developing. As the country proceeded to experience a prolonged economic boom, Japan needed more resources to continue the trend. Korea was Japan’s first target to befriend, but the Rising Sun never knew that the significant Japanese market originated elsewhere; Indonesia. Indonesia was the Japanese largest market that they can get; proximity and history may bond Indonesia into a better relation, although history may reveal dark Japanese histories. Due to that, Japan also preferred this economic friendship as one way to give its best apology towards the nations tortured during WW2.

Moreover, Indonesia was not alone. As part of the Spratly League, Japan also invited South Vietnam and the Philippines to join the EAC. Although the Philippines initially wasn’t eager on economic integration, they reluctantly accept as South Vietnam agreed. Fortunately, Marcos had determined his greatest choice, as Japan has outstandingly aid economic boom on Maritime SEA for the last two years.

Korea, as time passes by, has become Japan’s junior partner in EAC. As Korea has been industrialized the nation rapidly, its status has risen to be on par with Japan. Korea has built the devastated the former-communist lands into southern development equals. A united Korea has made the nation experienced an economic miracle, a miracle much similar to Japan years prior. As Korea thrived in constructing electrical companies, they too started to arrive in the South East Asian market, competing with the dominant Japanese base.

View attachment 589617
Suncheon in 1978

Japan and Korea, in 1984, was an industrialized-based nation. Industry, processing and heavy-metal machinery had become the largest economic sector in those nations, and they can be said as new first-world nations. However, due to the high industrialized society, they require high raw products. These products can be found, conveniently, in South East Asia. Although Indonesia was catching up in terms of industrialization, it was nothing comparing to Japan. Moreover, South Vietnam and the Philippines was even trying to get out from outdated agriculture systems.

View attachment 589616
Saigon 1980

The trade was simple, Japan and Korea would assist South East Asian nations to build their industry, while in return they receive lowered tariffs in raw resources. Besides, multinational companies, especially from Japan, may enter into the markets of the south, dominating them in several sectors of the market. For example, as there was no widespread automotive industry available anywhere around South East Asia, Japanese car manufacture had used this opportunity to expand the market there. Toyota, Nissan and Honda all are competing for the same market, and Japanese cars flooded to Indonesia. In the last semester of 1984, Toyota had launched almost 100,000 cars to be sold in Indonesia. In industry, Toyota had also leased thirty hectares of land in Cakung, a new industrial zone Subandrio government had just opened.

View attachment 589614
Toyota factory in Cakung, 1984
The other one was electrical appliances industry. Companies like Sharp, Panasonic and Nikon had infiltrated the market as the leading electronic appliances enterprises. Nikon specialized in optical instruments, such as a camera. Another business tends to expand its specialities, ranging from home appliances like refrigerators and air conditioners to office uses like computers and telephones. They flooded the market in EAC. Just barely a year, Indonesia has seen momentous effects.

Despite all the benefits EAC could give, some felt EAC was Japan’s discreet methods of neo-imperialism. In Korea, a small radical group despised Korea’s entry to the EAC, seeing as Japan’s new imperialism method. In the Philippines, several anti-Japanese demonstrators had burnt offices. Fortunately, in Indonesia, this protest was minimum to no existence.

The EAC was all fine and dandy and were peaceful also. Meanwhile, Japan introduced its plans regarding expansion. In 7th October 1984, Japan’s EAC committee declared that Australia was invited to the EAC. Although Australia’s political force was mainly southern-drive, some Labor-Liberal bureaucrats approved of an economic gift from the land up North. Moreover, Australia was feeling jealous of Indonesia’s rapid growth inside the EAC, while Australia still had ongoing political crises that harmed its economy. Most of EAC members approved Australia’s entrance, except Indonesia whom for some hatred still dwells.

The anti-Australian sentiment in Indonesia came from old-guard politicians, mostly from PNI-R and PRD members. The war was still evident and plain for old politicians. Some elder, although felt the cost of war, forgave the enemies, and later joined up with a younger generation of politicians. This faction became the liberal faction of Indonesia, mostly as PPP and PPI politicians. So, PNI-R members orchestrated demonstration demanding Indonesia to reject Australia’s entrance towards the EAC. The government neglected the demand, stating that we all could never pick. Moreover, friendship is better than conflict. Luckily, the protesters were not as sound or organized, therefore its struggle immediately vanquished in vain.

View attachment 589615
Anti-Japanese Protestors in front of the Governor Building in Majapahit State
Another issue that comes up with EAC membership is Taiwan’s appeal on joining the EAC. Japan never really processed the offer, as they still were afraid of China. Although how weak China has become due to purges Madame Mao has held, China is still a strong nation. Moreover, Japan’s politicians had even determined to make China in EAC, as it would give Japanese corporation a huge market expansion. Chiang Ching Kuo, Taiwan’s President, had tried numerous times to make his nation a part of EAC. However, Japan never really listened to his request. Besides, Japan preferred to have good relations with its primary trading partner in South East Asia, all of them had grudges with Taiwanese actions in the South China Sea.

The EAC, despite just being established, has granted a boost for economic growth in South East Asia. It kept the trend for most of the decade, as East Asia stayed calm and peaceful.

==========================
As promised, next chapter would be entirely about foreign events.
Btw what is the capital for each state in indonesia? And also what is the reaction of north vietnam on the south joininh the community (which i predict will have some economic ties or cooperation with the us)
 
The Rise of Contenders Part 1: The Siege of Al-Quds
The Struggle of Jerusalem

Jerusalem, Al-Quds and all of its alias, is considered to be home of the holiest sites of the world. Home to three Abrahamic religions, Jerusalem has been a holy city for Christianity, Islam and Judaism. The disputed claim for any three religions marked Jerusalem’s rough history of being conquered or to be conquered. Unfortunately, the trend continues. The 1980s marked the world’s cultural apex, yet Jerusalem is still under fire.

After the British forces left the Middle East after the Second World War, the Palestine Region came under conflict as Jews living there were declaring the state of Israel, moving off the Palestinian Arabs there. After a series of conflicts, survivals and rough diplomacy. Israel was finally crushed under the United Arab Socialist Republic, with Nasser as the Premier. Nasser initially declined of ordering a massive genocide to the hated Israelis, but as the populace has hated the Jews more than the Devil itself, Nasser decided to give the Israelis one choice; exodus.

uasr_1.png

The United Arab Socialist Republic is strange. This republic is led by Abdul Nasser, the leader of the Egypt Socialist Republic. His authority is unquestionable in the Nile, but on further west, he owns little to none. The UASR consists of four republics besides Egypt: Palestine, Jordan, Syria and Iraq. The Arab Socialist Union, or simply called as the Ba’ath Party, was divided equally proportionate as the republic. The rivalry went on two large nations inside the UASR: Egypt and Iraq.

Ba’ath Party had core values on Arab Socialism. It states that nationalism and socialism are not contradicting factors, but one compatibility. Most of the ideology was based on anti-imperialism, opposing the ruling class systems and fight for social justice. This ideology could never be as great without Nasser as the idol. The popularity of Nasser rose as the Egyptians had finally won from the British tyranny dated back in the 60s. Their struggle against imperialism had become a model for Arab nations to imitate. Even in Shahdom of Iran, the Ba’athist movement has risen on the people.

uasr_2.png

The Ba'athist Party Flag

Nasser had become the leader of UASR for almost twenty years, and the effects of it were extremely positive for the republic. In 1970, he announced that the Arab Republic should be as equal as the Western nations, therefore education was highly prioritized to create innovative Arabs that can shift the information superiority back towards the Old Continent. Moreover, Nasser announced reforms about cultural and social affairs. Women now may use casual clothing, and be granted education, equality and suffrage. Social justice was reinforced by the Premier. The economy was thriving, and oil stables its flow. The 70s and the 80s marked the UASR’s tremendous rise as the most prosperous nation in the Middle East. Still, despite the good reports UASR has written, the nation had one fundamental problem which locates on the nation’s chokepoint: The Palestine Republic.

Nasser had ordered the massive exodus of Israelis from the Palestinian region. However, the Israelis had a stubborn heart, and some determine to fight until death. In addition to it, Israelis have doctrine their children into believing Arabs as a source of evil. They trained men to become warriors, purposed to kill and struggle for the liberation of Israel. Most of them, even young children, had resorted into ruthless methods, killing thousands with the first suicidal bombs.

In 1978, the city of Gaza had been engulfed in a tragedy as an Israeli revolutionary had bombed himself to blast near a public school. It killed 50 people, 32 of whom were young children. Three months later, a similar bomb scenario happened in New Jaffa, formerly Tel-Aviv, as they killed hundreds of Arabs in a collapsed government building. At Ramadhan period of 1979, Israeli Revolutionary Armies launched extensive campaigns in mosques and public centres, killing almost 3000 total.

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Israeli Freedom Fighters on Action

As ignorant as Nasser may become, he cannot possibly escape from the de-facto problems going there. Saddam Hussein from Iraq was trying to undermine his Premiership. Also popular and charismatic, Saddam Hussein was known for constructing Iraq as a mirror for Egyptian success. Moreover, Nasser needs to worry as the Republic’s large army was mostly Hussein’s loyal Iraqi soldiers. After the chaos the Israelis ensued, Nasser’s popularity plummets while Saddam Hussein’s popularity rise. Saddam was an advocate of security, and vowed to defend the Republic with large military spending, and establish extensive police enforcement – the thing Nasser has neglected for some time.

In 1981, Nasser was getting frustrated that the conditions in Palestine were never becoming any peaceful. Israelis diasporas in Lebanon had caused the nation a perpetual civil war while trying to evoke chaos on Palestine. Moreover, Israeli’s refugees all across the world had summoned a ‘call’, reaching out all successful Jewish to ‘fight the salvation war’ and restore Israel once again. He requested for help but from a source not even a Ba’athist fear from, Maktab Al-Khidmat.

Maktab Al-Khidmat was a secret service organization, perpetrated and established by Abdullah Yusuf Azzam. He with Wa'el Hamza Julaidan, Osama bin Laden and Ayman al-Zawahiri raise funds and recruit foreign members to fight side by side on the Pakistani Rebel Forces, also with the struggle against Afghani’s Soviet Puppet Government. This organization was a fundamentalist-based ideology, and even extremist to some extent.

Abdullah Yusuf Azzam met Nasser in the Egyptian palace in 13th August 1981, demanding a personal plea to make Palestine a stable region. Azzam, a Palestinian nationality, agreed wholeheartedly and prepared all means to finish the chaos once and for all. By December 1981, Israeli freedom fights started to battle with MAK’s extremist followers. Palestine had become an active brawl. The struggle for Jerusalem continued for many years. However, the arrival of MAK gave Palestinians the upper hand against the Israeli freedom fighters. MAK grows in popularity, even some youth determined to jihad. The battle in Jerusalem had now become a battle between extremists.

The first active combat between two hard-witted factions began on December 21st 1981. The MAK freedom fighters discovered a secret Israeli stronghold in a garage on West Jerusalem. The clash was so intense, even mirroring active warfare. The Israelis fighters had gathered sophisticated weapons, possible from Europe or the United States. The MAK’s did not have those advantages, but their will was far beyond anyone can comprehend.

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Palestinians rallying support for the Victory of the Siege of Jerusalem

This portion of history was called the Siege of Salvation, the MAK’s finally destroyed the stronghold fifteen days after. The victory news spread towards the entire nation and felt very supportive of the MAK. In fact, the MAK’s popularity somewhat boosted Nasser’s. However, the MAK’s involvement as another source of defending systems caused Saddam to feel agitated. Luckily, Nasser had a perfect tool to silence him. He thought that the Libyans in the West need some liberation…

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There was actually no US involvement in funding the armies for Israel, however, large sums of money came from Jewish population from the US. Moreover, in Europe, the public has grown sympathy towards the Israeli refugees and supported the liberation of Israel back to Israeli hands.
 
Btw is micronesia still owned by the us ittl? And what is the relation between new zealand and indonesia?
A hate relation happened between these two countries. Hate as in the killing off the UK into shambles, which led NZ to have Australia and NZ untied to the Commonwealth. The NZ, currently, is under watch by Australia's Southern Doctrine, which revolves on NZ being annexed into Australia, again.

What do you think will Indonesia’s HDI be in the 2010s? I’m thinking (OTL) Brazil-level, or maybe Malaysia?
Maybe Malaysia level, or slightly lower.
 
Libya huh oh this will be interesting and also what is indonesia stance in this conflict with madagascar being populated by jews
 
how did Arab nationalism work in Egypt?

The Kingdom of Egpyt, part of the decolonization program, failed because of British takeover again. The Ba'athist became more anti-imperialistic than OTL and wished for a Pan-Arab Union. The Egyptians won against Britain in 1966, and reclaim Palestine. They also united with Syria, Iraq, and seize Jordan.
 
The Kingdom of Egpyt, part of the decolonization program, failed because of British takeover again. The Ba'athist became more anti-imperialistic than OTL and wished for a Pan-Arab Union. The Egyptians won against Britain in 1966, and reclaim Palestine. They also united with Syria, Iraq, and seize Jordan.
Seize jordan that means the royal family is in exile and there is a jordanian goverment in exile?
 
The Rise of Contenders Part 2: Blues for 13 Years or More
The Nine Blue Years: An American Game Changer
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21st Nov 1975 - 20th Jan 1985

James Earl Carter was a newcomer for Washington D.C, intended to arbitrate between the coalition government between the old foes of Republican and Democratic Party, Carter has grown himself to mature as the nation’s Chief. Series of occurrences befell in 1976 marked his way towards the presidency, and surpassed the 8-year limit of the Constitution.

As a replacement for Kissinger’s inevitable resignation, Carter entered the White House with the nation under gloom. A president had been assassinated, and the replacement had regressed all his plans, only to expose a disgrace later on. The nation had been destabilized because of the prevailing events. Campaigns overseas are halted with a lack of management from home. In-home itself, the economy was transforming into disorder. A slowdown was happening, and the public had no spirit.

Carter’s first aim was to cut off any extraneous expenses. The first he did was deregulation in several sectors. Airline Act opened up the sector to the public entirely, while the trucking industry was privatized gradually. Carter also slowly managed the instability dilemma, rallying Democrats and Republicans to unite, slowly forming the new party system against the Conservatives.

The election of 1976, albeit very close, was Carter’s ticket to resolve all issues. He announces Home Anew, a series of domestic policies that would shape America thoroughly. He reduced military spending and redirected the money to combat the vulnerable economy. He extended the public works, giving vocation to 5 million which lost their positions. Moreover, the Americans civil engagement in Palestine caused the embargo of oil from the UASR. The oil price had soared up, and the energy crisis happen.

Differ from how Carter solved monetary problems, he disentangled the energy crisis much sharper. He rapidly pushed for an Energy Act. The act expected the dangers of reliance on conventional resources, and quickly adapt to find new alternative ways to overcome. He campaigned for solar and wind energy in America. He concluded that alternative sources, such as nuclear, could alleviate the energy crisis while figuring out various car fuels for consumption. Providentially, several farmers from Tennessee discovered that biomass could be transformed into a fuel similar to crude oil. They called this ‘biofuel’ and realised that this alone could clear the crisis instantly. Carter, a former farmer himself, supported wholeheartedly of this idea and promptly passed the Biomass Act to establish biofuel refineries. One slight catch for biofuel was the car engines were not designed to drink biofuel for combustion. Therefore, Carter announced the following regulations to increase blue-collar employments to convert several car specs necessary so that it could use biofuel.

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Carter signing the Biofuel Act
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Carter campaigning for Solar Energy

Coming off to 1980, Carter’s accomplishments in the Energy Crisis was outstanding. With relatively small flow from Iran and the Gulf States, America could replenish its oil consumption. Uniquely, the United States became the forefront in green energy, inventing power plants which use wind and solar power. Likewise, the nation’s economy was rebuilding itself. Albeit lagging a bit, the economy had recovered. Carter commended East Asia’s booming growth that America’s economy could return to pre-stagnation era.

The President acclaimed his landslide victory in 1980, was not determined not only the success domestically, but also in foreign relations. The Democrats had become a vanguard for promoting the newer, revised, version of Monroe Doctrine. Under the Peanut Farmer’s name, Jimmy Carter reshaped America’s interventionist and superiority movement. He put military and defence for domestic shielding against foreign powers. In abroad, America would sell campaigns as a business, giving nations protection while demanding compensations. In Iran, a strong military presence was maintained with a steady flow of oil. In Indonesia, the government reduced strict laws for Americans to migrate or work there. The States, once again, find friendly allies on Latin America. Even without backed coups, interventions, or political movements, the US managed to ally most of South America in his first term. Her pragmatic opinions, no matter socialist or liberal, appeal nations that once previous administrations despised. By Carter’s last term, Nicaragua had become a small dot of resistance against the US, almost on the brink of destroying itself.

The US, also, tried to visit African nations to join the American sphere. As the continent was flooding with West Red* or East Red**, America had gotten a horrible glimpse that the continent may dislike America. After the calamitous South African War, America retried to befriend newly independent Angola and Mozambique. In the East, Carter talked with dictators of Tanzania, Uganda and Kenya. In France’s backyard, Carter tried to infiltrate from agitated pro-independent Moroccan separatists or securing liberated nations like Ghana, Benin and Biafra.

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Carter's visit to Biafra

Carter also considered an alliance in democratic European partners obligatory, while attempt not to bring forth the continent into another global war. By the end of Carter’s term, he secured the EA as American allies. Nations like Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands conduct close relations with the US. Regarding France, Carter maintained his plan to dissolve the nation from being too powerful. Conveniently, the Germans have been funding nationalist movements, which gain traction due to a scare for extreme multiculturalism.

Nevertheless, his later presidency was marked with controversies, as he pushed for several socialist laws. He restructured the taxes, the rich would pay more while the poor were subsidized. Public education was mandatory for all citizens, despite in Deep South private Christian schools thrived. He passed the National Health Insurance, a mix of private and public healthcare. This was mainly because of the Democrats keep criticizing Carter’s pro-left behaviour. However, his last campaign was a successful one; revoking the space race spirit.

Carter’s excellent administration really helped the party to win the government once again. After Reagan’s withdrawal from politics due to ailing age, William Buckley Jr. attempted to beat Carter-Church in 1980. He failed humiliatingly, only own North Dakota and Alabama in electoral votes. in 1981, Vice President Frank Church passed away from pancreatic cancer, Carter picked the astronaut-politician John Glenn as the successor. In 1984, John Glenn campaigned for the presidency. He battled with James R. Schlesinger from the Conservative Party, a close aide of Nixon and Kissinger himself. In the election, John Glenn won with a considerable margin, securing another 4 years in the White House.

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John Glenn

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Here is the American Update I've longed to post. Next up we would jump into another continent.

*=France
**=the Soviet Union
1984 Election Results
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275 to Win (Ignore the 270 to Win in the picture)
Panama (4) = Democrat
Cuba (3) = Democrat
Puerto Rico (3) = Democrat
 
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Yes, exile in Saudi Arabia due to similar faith and Saud's quite friendly attitude to the kingdom.
I thought it would be you know in the us or something but interesting nonetheless and also since reagan is out will there still stuff like the star wars (not the movie),invasion of grenada and also did the 1980 boycott of the olympic still happens due to the ussr invading afganistan? And also csn you touch on american aerospace industries next time i think it would be interesting
 
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