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    83
East Asian Community Part 2: Election of 1983 - PNI-R Downfall
1983: The Election Everyone Had Anticipated; But not the Aftermath

election_1.jpg

Unlike the previous elections, which Indonesia had some interesting dynamics and events. This 1983 was an absolute PPP ownership. The PNI-R fracturing itself within and other parties struggled to maintain inside the national stage. Luckily for the establishment, besides the split-up of the PKI, no newcomers arrived in the national stage. Fair foreign policy and exceeding domestic policy, boosted the PPP into the second party to rule above 50% after PNI-R.

In both DPR and DPD, the PPP owned big and great. The party rules both seats without needing a coalition, and that was very convenient for Subandrio and LKY. Assuredly, the PPP controlled the entirety of Madagascar and Malaya. It also seized PNI-R seats from Eastern Java and PKI votes from Central Java. The PNI-R attained several permanent seats from Northern Sumatra and parts of Eastern Java. But mostly it lacked in everywhere else. Even in Papua, BKDT voters invaded the island, taking over several constituents. In Western Java, PUI voters kept expanding.

In the Presidential election, Subandrio won with almost 70% of the vote, with Guntur rose until the 23% and Umar lagged at 7%. From the presidential election, PNI-R realized how humiliating their defeat was, and the aftermath for them was dramatic.

As Subandrio formalized his Second Cabinet on September 1983, the PNI-R conducted another Extraordinary Plenary Congress. This time, rather than countless others, the congress lasted for nearly 7 days. It was targeted to finish in just one day, but politicians that cannot resolve in the middle line prolonged it. Firstly, Police-General Hoegeng declared that the Golkar party failed the PNI-R. The Golkar’s unquenchable desire to return as President have caused them both popularity and dignity. This accusation was widely supported by fellow members that were present in the congress. The Purple Faction opposed Golkar on staying as the leader of the party, and the nationalist eventually sided with the Purple Faction.

In the supporting side of Umar’s Golkar, there were few politicians and one NU faction. With the help of Idham Chalid, who become one of the NU’s highest members, he became the kingmaker behind Umar’s nomination. Fortunately for Umar, Idham kept endorse him even after the one-digit percentage. In 21st September 1983, Idham as the incumbent leader of the NU faction defended Golkar’s credibility in front of all the sitting members, therefore starting a war against the Purple Faction. Suryadino and Habibie knew that combating with the NU would be an extremely difficult task. Eastern Java, where the largest shares of PNI-R voters lives, was one gift of the NU dated since the 1950s. Fighting with NU meant that the Purple Faction must in an alternative way, appease PNI-R’s largest voter share without NU being negotiated. Suryadino finally thought of one way, trying to fracture the Golkar within.

The current situation within the Armed Forces was that the power was almost equivalently divided between three powers, the Army, the Navy and the Air Force, and the Coast Guard. The Army was definitely under the Golkar camp, as most Golkar members were Army officials. The Navy and the Air Force, however, also had a significant percentage inside the Golkar, but most of them were outside of Golkar’s leadership. Some of them were Rear Admiral EWA Pangalila, Air Commodore Suryito and Air Commodore Haryono. The Coast Guard remained unaffiliated towards politics and did not have any members inside any party. As a result, the Coast Guard mostly deflected any political questions and focused on safeguarding the nation from piracy and territorial violations.

However, neither the Navy nor the Air Force had one distinctive politician which can fight the currently established Army dominance. Instead, the resistance must start from inside the Army, when General Ali Sadikin, General Pranoto and later General Moerdani. Together, they formed a pact to unite against the ruling Umar cronies, such as Try, Edi, and Sarwo Edhi.

When Habibie recognized this situation, it could bring the Purple Faction finally back in favour of the government. Therefore, since 1982 he would try to communicate with these opposing leaders to join the faction. But then, Habibie never thought of having them lead the faction, at least after Guntur had shown the successes. The 1983 election was a massive success for Isnaeni’s PPI, as he just brought a young politician to win as second in the highest position ever in Indonesia. Since then, Suryadino had even reconsidered their original plan, and instead, give the position to one of the generals.

With the short, quick, decision, General Ali Sadikin proclaimed himself on 25th September 1983 as the successor of the Purple Faction and would rename the Faction as Nusantara Faction, to reduce the faction’s exclusive name for intellectuals and scholars only. Habibie and Suryadino still controlled a strong influence in the party, but the real deal was that army officials can be inside the faction without feeling like an outsider. The Golkar Faction came tumbling down as several members switch allegiance into the renamed Nusantara Faction. This Faction, under General Ali Sadikin, would contribute more into the nation’s unity issue and would manoeuvre within this fragile international world.

Outside the building, supporters from each faction massed with their unique uniforms, and even chanting their insults towards other factions. As the Golkar Faction lost heavily, the supporters felt that the Purple Faction cheated with a traitor. The NU’s youths also involved in surging tension, as they supported the Golkar’s stance. After the news spread outside that PNI-R was overtaken by the Nusantara Faction. Upset Golkar members staged a riot against the Nusantara Faction, and the NU faction also comprehended. The PNI-R Headquarters was involved in a tensed fight between factions which burn the building and nearly cripple all historical records inside. The police arrived three hours after the incident, on midnight 23 September 1983.

election_2.jpg

The 23rd September Riot, or Slipi Riot

The aftermath was a disaster for PNI-R. The remaining Golkar Faction that opposed Ali fled towards the PRD Faction, where Untung still had great tolerance. Untung still had ambivalent relations with Suharto, but other’s he had great relation nonetheless. Furthermore, FDR was inside the government party, which those hungry generals may have a piece of share. From the 59 Golkar seats in DPR and 12 seats in DPD, 31 and 7 seats fled to PRD, increasing their percentage.

As for the NU, Idham Chalid, with the future-heir of NU, Abdurrahman Wahid, the faction decided to reconcile with their Islamic brothers in PUI, and finally unite to push for better Islamism in Indonesia. Not all NU constituents in DPR and DPD moved towards PUI, some of them stayed and declared themselves as the Nationalist Faction. They mostly didn’t move to Nusantara Faction as that would be a total suicide for any future elections they would campaign, as these politicians won in high Islamism territories. 4 members in DPR and 1 in DPD stayed inside the PNI-R after this ruckus.

For the first time, the right-wing party of PNI-R was nearly shattered by the events unfolding. Yet, in Ali’s ‘A New Hope’ Speech, he promised that PNI-R would endorse meritocracy, and further promoting the great importance of unification, centralism, and strong government into the republic. In one small talk, he also wished for changing the constitution into a presidential republic. Yet, despite the similarities with PPP's Malaya Ideas, PNI-R was reluctant on joining them, as PRD had invited Golkar cronies inside the party.

From Subandrio and LKY’s perspective, this was a total party for them, as their largest opposition was technically ceased to exist. However, this celebration was short-lived, as the United States ordered Indonesia to do military campaigns on Pakistan and Africa.

===============================

People's Representative Council of Indonesia (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Indonesia)
2020-08-06 (18).png

555 Seats

Partai Nasional Indonesia - Raya (National Party of [Greater] Indonesia) - 63 seats - 11.35%
  • Fraksi Nasionalis (Nationalist Faction) - 14 seats
  • Fraksi Nusantara (Ali-Suryadino Faction) - 49 seats
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (Progressive Union Party) - 283 seats - 50.99%
  • Fraksi Hatta (Hatta Faction) - 31 seats
  • Fraksi Malaya (Malayan Faction) - 229 seats
  • Fraksi Madagascar (Madagascar Faction) - 23 seats

Partai Rakyat Demokratik (People's Democratic Party) - 83 seats - 14.95%
  • Fraksi Untung (Untung Faction) - 52 seats
  • Fraksi Umar (Umar Faction) - 31 seats

Partai Pekerja Indonesia (Indonesian Worker's Party) - 70 seats - 12.61%

Partai Umat Islam (Islam People's Party) - 30 seats - 5,41%

  • Fraksi NU (NU Faction) - 13 seats
  • Fraksi Idham (Idham Faction) - 17 seats

Barisan Koalisi Daerah Timur (Eastern Coalition Front) - 21 seats - 3,78%

Melanesian Alliance Party (Partai Aliansi Melanesia) - 5 seats - 0,91%


====================================

People's Regional Council of Indonesia (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Indonesia)
2020-08-06 (19).png

114 Seats

Partai Nasional Indonesia - Raya (National Party of [Greater] Indonesia) - 15 seats - 13.16%
  • Fraksi Nasionalis (Nationalist Faction) - 3 seats
  • Fraksi Nusantara (Ali-Suryadino Faction) - 14 seats
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (Progressive Union Party) - 58 seats - 50.88%
  • Fraksi Hatta (Hatta Faction) - 20 seats
  • Fraksi Malaya (Malayan Faction) - 26 seats
  • Fraksi Madagascar (Madagascar Faction) - 12 seats

Partai Rakyat Demokratik (People's Democratic Party) - 17 seats - 14.91%
  • Fraksi Untung (Untung Faction) - 10 seats
  • Fraksi Umar (Umar Faction) - 7 seats

Partai Pekerja Indonesia (Indonesian Worker's Party) - 13 seats - 11.40%

Partai Umat Islam (Islam People's Party) - 7 seats - 6,14%

  • Fraksi NU (NU Faction) - 3 seats
  • Fraksi Idham (Idham Faction) - 4 seats

Barisan Koalisi Daerah Timur (Eastern Coalition Front) - 2 seats - 1,75%

Melanesian Alliance Party (Partai Aliansi Melanesia) - 2 seats - 1,76%



------------------------------
Presidential Election 1978
1. Subandrio - 69.12 %
2. Umar Wirahadikusumah - 7.07 %
3. Guntur Soekarnoputra - 23.81 %
------------------------------


===============================​
It would be a hard time for Subandrio and LKY to manage PRD, as the troublesome generals are there. We would see more in US Intervention in Africa and Pakistan.
 
1983: The Election Everyone Had Anticipated; But not the Aftermath

View attachment 572783
Unlike the previous elections, which Indonesia had some interesting dynamics and events. This 1983 was an absolute PPP ownership. The PNI-R fracturing itself within and other parties struggled to maintain inside the national stage. Luckily for the establishment, besides the split-up of the PKI, no newcomers arrived in the national stage. Fair foreign policy and exceeding domestic policy, boosted the PPP into the second party to rule above 50% after PNI-R.

In both DPR and DPD, the PPP owned big and great. The party rules both seats without needing a coalition, and that was very convenient for Subandrio and LKY. Assuredly, the PPP controlled the entirety of Madagascar and Malaya. It also seized PNI-R seats from Eastern Java and PKI votes from Central Java. The PNI-R attained several permanent seats from Northern Sumatra and parts of Eastern Java. But mostly it lacked in everywhere else. Even in Papua, BKDT voters invaded the island, taking over several constituents. In Western Java, PUI voters kept expanding.

In the Presidential election, Subandrio won with almost 70% of the vote, with Guntur rose until the 23% and Umar lagged at 7%. From the presidential election, PNI-R realized how humiliating their defeat was, and the aftermath for them was dramatic.

As Subandrio formalized his Second Cabinet on September 1983, the PNI-R conducted another Extraordinary Plenary Congress. This time, rather than countless others, the congress lasted for nearly 7 days. It was targeted to finish in just one day, but politicians that cannot resolve in the middle line prolonged it. Firstly, Police-General Hoegeng declared that the Golkar party failed the PNI-R. The Golkar’s unquenchable desire to return as President have caused them both popularity and dignity. This accusation was widely supported by fellow members that were present in the congress. The Purple Faction opposed Golkar on staying as the leader of the party, and the nationalist eventually sided with the Purple Faction.

In the supporting side of Umar’s Golkar, there were few politicians and one NU faction. With the help of Idham Chalid, who become one of the NU’s highest members, he became the kingmaker behind Umar’s nomination. Fortunately for Umar, Idham kept endorse him even after the one-digit percentage. In 21st September 1983, Idham as the incumbent leader of the NU faction defended Golkar’s credibility in front of all the sitting members, therefore starting a war against the Purple Faction. Suryadino and Habibie knew that combating with the NU would be an extremely difficult task. Eastern Java, where the largest shares of PNI-R voters lives, was one gift of the NU dated since the 1950s. Fighting with NU meant that the Purple Faction must in an alternative way, appease PNI-R’s largest voter share without NU being negotiated. Suryadino finally thought of one way, trying to fracture the Golkar within.

The current situation within the Armed Forces was that the power was almost equivalently divided between three powers, the Army, the Navy and the Air Force, and the Coast Guard. The Army was definitely under the Golkar camp, as most Golkar members were Army officials. The Navy and the Air Force, however, also had a significant percentage inside the Golkar, but most of them were outside of Golkar’s leadership. Some of them were Rear Admiral EWA Pangalila, Air Commodore Suryito and Air Commodore Haryono. The Coast Guard remained unaffiliated towards politics and did not have any members inside any party. As a result, the Coast Guard mostly deflected any political questions and focused on safeguarding the nation from piracy and territorial violations.

However, neither the Navy nor the Air Force had one distinctive politician which can fight the currently established Army dominance. Instead, the resistance must start from inside the Army, when General Ali Sadikin, General Pranoto and later General Moerdani. Together, they formed a pact to unite against the ruling Umar cronies, such as Try, Edi, and Sarwo Edhi.

When Habibie recognized this situation, it could bring the Purple Faction finally back in favour of the government. Therefore, since 1982 he would try to communicate with these opposing leaders to join the faction. But then, Habibie never thought of having them lead the faction, at least after Guntur had shown the successes. The 1983 election was a massive success for Isnaeni’s PPI, as he just brought a young politician to win as second in the highest position ever in Indonesia. Since then, Suryadino had even reconsidered their original plan, and instead, give the position to one of the generals.

With the short, quick, decision, General Ali Sadikin proclaimed himself on 25th September 1983 as the successor of the Purple Faction and would rename the Faction as Nusantara Faction, to reduce the faction’s exclusive name for intellectuals and scholars only. Habibie and Suryadino still controlled a strong influence in the party, but the real deal was that army officials can be inside the faction without feeling like an outsider. The Golkar Faction came tumbling down as several members switch allegiance into the renamed Nusantara Faction. This Faction, under General Ali Sadikin, would contribute more into the nation’s unity issue and would manoeuvre within this fragile international world.

Outside the building, supporters from each faction massed with their unique uniforms, and even chanting their insults towards other factions. As the Golkar Faction lost heavily, the supporters felt that the Purple Faction cheated with a traitor. The NU’s youths also involved in surging tension, as they supported the Golkar’s stance. After the news spread outside that PNI-R was overtaken by the Nusantara Faction. Upset Golkar members staged a riot against the Nusantara Faction, and the NU faction also comprehended. The PNI-R Headquarters was involved in a tensed fight between factions which burn the building and nearly cripple all historical records inside. The police arrived three hours after the incident, on midnight 23 September 1983.

View attachment 572782
The 23rd September Riot, or Slipi Riot

The aftermath was a disaster for PNI-R. The remaining Golkar Faction that opposed Ali fled towards the PRD Faction, where Untung still had great tolerance. Untung still had ambivalent relations with Suharto, but other’s he had great relation nonetheless. Furthermore, FDR was inside the government party, which those hungry generals may have a piece of share. From the 59 Golkar seats in DPR and 12 seats in DPD, 31 and 7 seats fled to PRD, increasing their percentage.

As for the NU, Idham Chalid, with the future-heir of NU, Abdurrahman Wahid, the faction decided to reconcile with their Islamic brothers in PUI, and finally unite to push for better Islamism in Indonesia. Not all NU constituents in DPR and DPD moved towards PUI, some of them stayed and declared themselves as the Nationalist Faction. They mostly didn’t move to Nusantara Faction as that would be a total suicide for any future elections they would campaign, as these politicians won in high Islamism territories. 4 members in DPR and 1 in DPD stayed inside the PNI-R after this ruckus.

For the first time, the right-wing party of PNI-R was nearly shattered by the events unfolding. Yet, in Ali’s ‘A New Hope’ Speech, he promised that PNI-R would endorse meritocracy, and further promoting the great importance of unification, centralism, and strong government into the republic. In one small talk, he also wished for changing the constitution into a presidential republic. Yet, despite the similarities with PPP's Malaya Ideas, PNI-R was reluctant on joining them, as PRD had invited Golkar cronies inside the party.

From Subandrio and LKY’s perspective, this was a total party for them, as their largest opposition was technically ceased to exist. However, this celebration was short-lived, as the United States ordered Indonesia to do military campaigns on Pakistan and Africa.

===============================

People's Representative Council of Indonesia (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Indonesia)
View attachment 572787
555 Seats

Partai Nasional Indonesia - Raya (National Party of [Greater] Indonesia) - 63 seats - 11.35%
  • Fraksi Nasionalis (Nationalist Faction) - 14 seats
  • Fraksi Nusantara (Ali-Suryadino Faction) - 49 seats
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (Progressive Union Party) - 283 seats - 50.99%
  • Fraksi Hatta (Hatta Faction) - 31 seats
  • Fraksi Malaya (Malayan Faction) - 229 seats
  • Fraksi Madagascar (Madagascar Faction) - 23 seats

Partai Rakyat Demokratik (People's Democratic Party) - 83 seats - 14.95%
  • Fraksi Untung (Untung Faction) - 52 seats
  • Fraksi Umar (Umar Faction) - 31 seats

Partai Pekerja Indonesia (Indonesian Worker's Party) - 70 seats - 12.61%

Partai Umat Islam (Islam People's Party) - 30 seats - 5,41%

  • Fraksi NU (NU Faction) - 13 seats
  • Fraksi Idham (Idham Faction) - 17 seats

Barisan Koalisi Daerah Timur (Eastern Coalition Front) - 21 seats - 3,78%

Melanesian Alliance Party (Partai Aliansi Melanesia) - 5 seats - 0,91%


====================================

People's Regional Council of Indonesia (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah Indonesia)
View attachment 572788
114 Seats

Partai Nasional Indonesia - Raya (National Party of [Greater] Indonesia) - 15 seats - 13.16%
  • Fraksi Nasionalis (Nationalist Faction) - 3 seats
  • Fraksi Nusantara (Ali-Suryadino Faction) - 14 seats
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (Progressive Union Party) - 58 seats - 50.88%
  • Fraksi Hatta (Hatta Faction) - 20 seats
  • Fraksi Malaya (Malayan Faction) - 26 seats
  • Fraksi Madagascar (Madagascar Faction) - 12 seats

Partai Rakyat Demokratik (People's Democratic Party) - 17 seats - 14.91%
  • Fraksi Untung (Untung Faction) - 10 seats
  • Fraksi Umar (Umar Faction) - 7 seats

Partai Pekerja Indonesia (Indonesian Worker's Party) - 13 seats - 11.40%

Partai Umat Islam (Islam People's Party) - 7 seats - 6,14%

  • Fraksi NU (NU Faction) - 3 seats
  • Fraksi Idham (Idham Faction) - 4 seats

Barisan Koalisi Daerah Timur (Eastern Coalition Front) - 2 seats - 1,75%

Melanesian Alliance Party (Partai Aliansi Melanesia) - 2 seats - 1,76%



------------------------------
Presidential Election 1978
1. Subandrio - 69.12 %
2. Umar Wirahadikusumah - 7.07 %
3. Guntur Soekarnoputra - 23.81 %
------------------------------


===============================​
It would be a hard time for Subandrio and LKY to manage PRD, as the troublesome generals are there. We would see more in US Intervention in Africa and Pakistan.
Seeing all this riot made me wonder what happened to the us state of panama and what is the situation there.

And also will this mean the us will invade south africa? (Since the us ordered indonesia to do militsty action there or just some anti insurgebcy peacekeeping mission?)
 
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East Asian Community Part 3: Intervention Stories
December 15, 1983

Toliara, Madagacar State-Republic

Anzhar Ibrahim is Subandrio’s foreign minister. When Subandrio declared that Indonesia must assist the United States in foreign intervention in Africa and Pakistan, Anzhar Ibrahim could only mutter in disbelief. Barely on the campaign promises, Subandrio spoke to the mass that Indonesia would never send Indonesian men out into warzones. Now, it was just nearing December that Anzhar Ibrahim must now converse with Secretary of State Walter Mondale for discussing the intervention.

In 1981, Subandrio broke his promise of sending any volunteers out into war, by sending volunteers into Pakistan. On that year also, the United States defended Indonesia in South Africa’s harassment on Indonesian ships. Showing superiority in air, sea and land, Carter Administration moved the Sixth Fleet base to Toilara, Madagascar, only to threatened South Africa. Carter knew that going into war is a suicide, as home even members of the southern groups still supported segregation. Involved in a war against segregation means more protest from the South. It would be 1968 all over again.

Still, Anzhar Ibrahim had predicted that Carter’s indecisive options between liberating African natives and not confronting South Africa must inevitably end with one way. In December 2nd 1983, Carter finally declared that the United States would stand by African natives in efforts of liberating them from tyranny and oppression. Today, he would see General Ronald P. Harden for the first time, along with Secretary Walter Mondale. Anzhar was currently accompanied by Najib in his stay at Toliara, his vice minister could not resist looking Madagascar’s outstanding view from the villa.

“I just knew that those trees are the baobabs. I always know that those were Adansonia trees.” “Adansonia was the nomenclature version from baobabs, nothing different.” Anzhar knew this information from a friend of his, currently the head professor in Institut Pertanian Bogor. That university was famously for its biology forte, and now his friend was having multiple safari trips to Madagascar, as they noticed Madagascar was homed to endemic species, competing Papua in terms of quantity.

His mind, however, was not thinking about the beauty Madagascar had, but on what’s to come with those gentlemen from the West. His question was soon answered when those gentlemen came finally to his villa from a Jeep. They entered to his villa, giving a brief overview of the house. Then the gentlemen proceeded for talks. He was trying his best for his Sundanese hospitality when the General quickly addresses the elephant in the room.

“Foreign Minister, I reckon that you have not fulfilled the wanted quotas of the intervention sought from your nation. My boys in Quelimane were waiting for a three division-reinforcements from Indonesia, when it finally came it was one. What is going on? I thought my and your government had agreed on this.”

“Apologies, General. But my President had instructed me that one division was all you can have for now.”

In this time, the Secretary added. “The Carter Administration has agreed with your President on sending three divisions. If it was fulfilled as such, Quelimane would not be a bloody siege right now.”

“As said before, Mr Secretary. I can’t give you more, giving the circumstances and conditions domestically. Indonesia’s populace is not keening of sending men abroad, especially where scars of the former war still prevails in elder generations.”

Anzhar was trying to input several persuasions for the Americans to be considerate. But the General retorted back.

“Foreign Minister, we have a war going on just across this island. I command 7 Divisions, three in Quelimane and four in Lobito. The South Africans were trying to invade from the Western side because those were the greatest resistance are. The Portuguese were out of context, and most of the raw power came from the apartheid regime. They have succeeded in splitting the separatist movements from Nyasaland, and the Mozambique independence movement was being pushed back hard. Mozambique is just across Madagascar. Why don’t you start helping our you will have a hostile enemy just next door?”

As the tension rose across the room. Anzhar could only stay silent because of the truth it unfolds. Subandrio was stupid enough to use the peace card as a campaign promise, even though the war is all around us. Pakistan was also our ally, and now it’s gone into the red revolution. For Anzhar, Subandrio is the worst in foreign policy, and Anzhar is the foreign minister. He is seeing the greatest humiliation in his life starting to express.

Fortunately, Najib returned from a phone call to report some good news. “Minister, I think Subandrio is giving more men.” ”How much?” ”Five more.” “Five more? Are you serious?” “Yes, I think Subandrio has succeeded in persuading the MPR. More and so because the opposition was ultimately doomed.”

Anzhar knew that PNI-R was barely holding after their recent events from Slipi. Now, anti-Ali were roaming inside the government as PDR, and also PUI. To be frank, Anzhar would whole-heartedly support Ali. Having met him a few years prior, Ali was an honest politician and was friendly also. He stated directly that Indonesia doesn’t have to question each time where to side amongst the three powers. Side with the truth and law, and let them guide our policies. The collapse of PNI-R was such a despondency for General Ali, but he had promised to struggle and fight.

Anzhar quickly sided the current thought, and immediately inform those Americans the great news they were all waiting for.

------------------------------------------​

The Subandrio’s administration was keeping its secrecy about their involvement with those interventions from the public. The divisions they sent were Kopassus Divisions, currently led by General Wiranto. In 1982, only reports of volunteering armies reached the media, but neither of the media knew that those volunteering armies were not volunteers, but rather Kopassus, Marinir, and Army Divisions disguised as such. There were currently 3 Divisions in Pakistan, and 9 Divisions in Africa.

Carter’s Presidency was nearing its end of 1984, and Carter would hold the longest-serving term, before Franklin D. Roosevelt itself. His last term was technically his third term, serving his first after Kissinger’s Presidency in early 1976. Unlike other presidents who served at 8 years, Carter would serve nearly 9 years. As being a moderate Democrat, Carter would eventually side with Ronald Reagan for appeasing the Conservative voters. But then, because of appeasing those fellows, Carter’s third term presidency was full of war-effort policies, which was completely outside from Democrats agenda.

In 1981, his opening for his last term was waging an intervention against two fronts; Pakistan and South Africa. Rallying for the liberation of democracy in those countries, Carter would indefinitely try to show dominance that the United States would become the beacon of freedom all across the world. The first troops arrived in Quelimane to support the Mozambique Liberation Front. Later in December, more troops arrived to assist other separatism groups, like Angola Freedom Movement, and Namibian Liberation Organization.

In Africa, the trouble got the Soviet Union into interest. The Democratic Angolan Movement, a communist militia, was funded by the Soviet government to establish the friendly Angolan Democratic Republic. For now, the Democratic Angolan Movement was cooperating with the Angolan Freedom Movement of expelling the Portuguese. They worked with each other to repel the pro-fascist traitor of King of Portugal.

While the Soviet Union was cooperating with the United States in Africa, China was helping Pakistan’s communist revolutionary government to fight against the democratic resistance. The bloody coup resulted with mass democratic volunteers, coming from democracies all across the world, into helping Pakistan’s miserable present. The stakes were extremely high that both opposing sides, the United States and China, were giving their optimum efforts in winning. The Soviet Union had not been involved firstly, because it seemed that they were eyeing on Afghanistan. However, China wanted Pakistan to be the newest ally, and possibly reconcile with its larger neighbour India.

------------------------------------------​
I want to do something new on the next chapter, possible explaining the brave men who fight in those contested regions.
 
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I have a question, can you gave a rough estimate of a single division of Kopassus. Moreover I thought Special Forces usually reach the level of brigade, but I’m just surprised that In this AU Indonesia basically have 12 actively deployed Divisions of special forces.
 
I have a question, can you gave a rough estimate of a single division of Kopassus. Moreover I thought Special Forces usually reach the level of brigade, but I’m just surprised that In this AU Indonesia basically have 12 actively deployed Divisions of special forces.
Kopassus only have 1 division (4 brigade)
 
I have a question, can you gave a rough estimate of a single division of Kopassus. Moreover I thought Special Forces usually reach the level of brigade, but I’m just surprised that In this AU Indonesia basically have 12 actively deployed Divisions of special forces.
2 is actively a Kopassus Division, and the rest of 10 were 'volunteer forces' but actually they were a bunch of military men. To clarify my point, I've edit into this statement.

In 1982, only reports of volunteering armies reached the media, but neither of the media knew that those volunteering armies were not volunteers, but rather Kopassus, Marinir, and Army Divisions disguised as such. There were currently 3 Divisions in Pakistan, and 9 Divisions in Africa.
 
East Asian Community Part 4: Those Who Fought
Tempo Exclusive: The Patriotic Boys Who Fought Abroad

The second half of Subandrio’s policies would be a massive throwback to all the promises which he kept. In his consideration, which was publicized recently, he sternly answered that Indonesia would be a nation which protects democracy, either within or without. The wars in South Africa and Pakistan broke the fundamental values of Pancasila, which was Subandrio’s main objectives.

General Bambang Wiranto, or mostly known as Wiranto Sr, was a man born from Blambangan in 1931. He would enter the military at the age of 18 when the Australian Aggression was ongoing. His service as Kopassus personnel was very astounding for such a young man, having to repel numerous Australian ambushes in Timika, Merauke, and in Jayapura. He received Satyalencana Penegak, which was awarded for those who contributed extraordinary services in the war. He transformed from a mere recruit to an army Captain at the end of the war. He would also expand in influence and power inside Kopassus, by allying with Kopassus’ longest-serving General, Suharto. Beneath Suharto’s influence and charisma, he would become one of many subordinates of his, and finally reclaim the Kopassus’ Leadership after 1977. Conveniently, Kopassus was expanded under Nasution’s and Subandrio’s presidency, which would accommodate two divisions and one general as the chief of staff. Wiranto Sr. was the only man to be awarded as such.

With his wit and neutrality, Kopassus was proposed to be expanded more with Subandrio’s permission. Because of this also, Kopassus would become the early army divisions which were sent abroad to fight in Africa. Wiranto Sr. would benefit from his lack of involvement in politics, practising the neutral stance between PRD’s Golkar and the current PNI-R. Kopassus currently is the largest sub-Army section, which holds a neutral stance in political activities. Yet, although neutrality in politics was considered to be extremely popular, General Wiranto was having problems with his theatre in Africa.

Two Kopassus Divisions, which was the entire organization, was sent into Africa to assist the insurgents in winning the South African War. General Wiranto immediately divides the fronts. One holds with Angola, the other with Mozambique. He appointed Major Colonel Sudirjat as the commander in the Mozambique Front, while he proceeds on-hand with his troops in Angola. The whole army arrived on their predestined places in 1982, and the process of liberating the natives began.

Firstly, General Wiranto had successful trends on the first year, with the assist of General Harden of the US Army, both forces would knock the Portuguese troops almost out Africa. They would capture the entirety of Angola by 1982 and be marching towards Walvis Bay in early 1983. However, the coalition forces were shocked when the South African forces had suddenly naval invaded Luanda, crippling the separatist government. After the enemy succeeds in splitting the anti-Apartheid Movements into halves, General Wiranto must pull back his troops to defend Angola itself.

The case for Major Colonel Sudirjat was different for the worse. Sudirjat never actually acclaimed such victory akin to his boss. Rather, he discovered great difficulties as the separatist organization in Mozambique has contested the leadership. Even though Angola has two resistant groups with opposite ideologies, it wasn’t as destructive as what was happening in Mozambique. At first, Ferdinand Mombueso was commanding the group, later ousted by Gawa Sitoe, and later again by Langan Nhantumbo.

In 1983, the British finally consolidate itself, and finally started helping Portugal in terms of its colonial defeats, along with Spain. Thus, the front was collapsing against the rebel forces, which the United States completely feared for the scenario. Indonesia also feared this, as a withdrawal without a win was a humiliation towards Subandrio’s Presidency.

Despite the current decline of the war effort, General Wiranto accomplished several heroic victories in his campaign. His most famous victories of them all, was the Encirclement of 6 South African Divisions in Zenza do Itombe.

It was 12th of November 1982, Lieutenant Colonel Firdaus Buwono’s regiment was stationed at a small town called Luare. I commanded the division from there, as the other three regiments were still marching from Kimilina after a difficult victory from a South African encircled regiment. Those war prisoners were captured by the rebellious forces and Indonesian regiments helped them transfer to Ebo, where Lester Maputo, the leader of the Angolan Freedom Movement is. We knew that the Democratic Angola Movement had pushed the Joint-Portuguese and South African forces from Tala Mungongo.

We had former intelligence reports that they would retreat North towards Negage. But, immediately upon arrival in Luare, we have new reports that the South African divisions were retreating to Luanda itself, probably passing N’dalatando. The South African troops were withdrawing more from Angola as they wanted to add more into Mozambique.

When I received the news, my conscience immediately was drawn towards intercepting them. We, although were out speeded by the South African motorized cars, still had a big advantage in the distance. I instructed the rest of the brigade to immediately march to Dondo.

In the 14th of November, the Indonesian troops have prepared for their ambush from the forest when the South African troops have just arrived Canhoca. The communist militia had gathered themselves in Golungo Alto and was preparing for the green flag. It was on 15.00 that the battle finally starts.
===================

Memoir of Aryo

Specialist Aryo Budiatmodjo was at the first line of an attack planned today. We would face four African divisions that were planning to retreat to Luanda. We were reported to hold the line until reinforcements came. Around three communist divisions from the North, and half of the intervention forces from Indonesia and the Americas from the South. Our final objective was to halt their retreat as long as possible.

His squad consists of four men; he was the squad leader. He should have become a lieutenant, but his current rage with higher officers prevent him. He allegedly attacked Sergeant Didik Budiharto, none other than the youngest son of former General Suharto. Luckily, he wasn’t a Kopassus man, he came from the 2nd Marines Brigade. His fiasco with Kopassus would later explode into a big proxy fight between the Navy Marines and Army Kopassus in terms of participation.

Aryo was lying on the mud with the tall grass blocking his figure. He was watching the other scouts, who will report of the incoming division. He had Putra, Rudi and Rhorom on his left side, each carrying their rifles to combat. Aryo as the specialist granted him an M60. We bought from the Americans after the Nicaraguan War, and now we have full of those ready to arm.

I was trying to enjoy my fish rations when the recon has returned to alarm us all. Not long, we would hear motorized cars rattles from the rough road that we were hiding from. I hushed all my men, and so do others. Not long, what was a busty forest became dead silent. We were waiting for the whistle.

The moment when we were all silent was where I remembered the times during the victory in Windhoek. Although that was a strategic defeat, it was a tactical victory. The South African forces were surprised at us when we out-flanked them. But, I still remembered the killing that we have done towards those racist whites. I never felt satisfied with killing them. Instead, I want this war to be over soon.

My distracting thought was cut abruptly when the sound we were expecting was a whistle. Just five hundred meters in front of me, a bomb explode on of the division convoys. It was confirmed that the communist militia has attacked the retreating forces first. As the battle started, our entire platoon kept stay still on the attack, we wouldn’t dare oppose our commanders. The commanders also shared similar confusion about the turn of events.

Our forces were getting anxious when the fights moved further Northeast. I think that the South African forces were pulling back from the superior numbers. I didn’t know what the hell the commands were thinking of. We were losing our chances. I saw more and more fellow marines feeling irritated on the retreating forces. They want action, and it seemed that we’re blowing the chances.

I try to charge against the enemies. But then, Putra intervened and pull my arm back towards the mud. ‘Are you insane?’, he whispered loudly. ‘Yes, I can’t stand seeing them losing.’ ‘I don’t bloody care they are losing, as long as we followed the orders. I’m not risking another punishment from your reckless attitudes.’, he snapped.

Just as I would retort back, the whistle blew. Putra was surprised about that, and immediately we went for a charge.

===================​

Indeed, the communist forces were instead a decoy planned by General Wiranto to lure them northeastwards. Wiranto was trying to attack the back of the retreating division, which was the artillery division. Unlike the motorized ones, the artillery division holds the supply for all those divisions. The communist rebels would lure the motorized ones into thinking that the main forces were there, not noticing the Indonesian forces back.

The results were an absolute genius, the entire 6 divisions were either caught or killed in the progress. A small brigade escape, but they escape towards the east, back where they came from. It became a military embarrassment towards the South Africans, yet a drive for their revenge. In 1984, the South African War would eventually be stuck in a stalemate, especially with the incoming election.
 
Tempo Exclusive: The Patriotic Boys Who Fought Abroad

The second half of Subandrio’s policies would be a massive throwback to all the promises which he kept. In his consideration, which was publicized recently, he sternly answered that Indonesia would be a nation which protects democracy, either within or without. The wars in South Africa and Pakistan broke the fundamental values of Pancasila, which was Subandrio’s main objectives.

General Bambang Wiranto, or mostly known as Wiranto Sr, was a man born from Blambangan in 1931. He would enter the military at the age of 18 when the Australian Aggression was ongoing. His service as Kopassus personnel was very astounding for such a young man, having to repel numerous Australian ambushes in Timika, Merauke, and in Jayapura. He received Satyalencana Penegak, which was awarded for those who contributed extraordinary services in the war. He transformed from a mere recruit to an army Captain at the end of the war. He would also expand in influence and power inside Kopassus, by allying with Kopassus’ longest-serving General, Suharto. Beneath Suharto’s influence and charisma, he would become one of many subordinates of his, and finally reclaim the Kopassus’ Leadership after 1977. Conveniently, Kopassus was expanded under Nasution’s and Subandrio’s presidency, which would accommodate two divisions and one general as the chief of staff. Wiranto Sr. was the only man to be awarded as such.

With his wit and neutrality, Kopassus was proposed to be expanded more with Subandrio’s permission. Because of this also, Kopassus would become the early army divisions which were sent abroad to fight in Africa. Wiranto Sr. would benefit from his lack of involvement in politics, practising the neutral stance between PRD’s Golkar and the current PNI-R. Kopassus currently is the largest sub-Army section, which holds a neutral stance in political activities. Yet, although neutrality in politics was considered to be extremely popular, General Wiranto was having problems with his theatre in Africa.

Two Kopassus Divisions, which was the entire organization, was sent into Africa to assist the insurgents in winning the South African War. General Wiranto immediately divides the fronts. One holds with Angola, the other with Mozambique. He appointed Major Colonel Sudirjat as the commander in the Mozambique Front, while he proceeds on-hand with his troops in Angola. The whole army arrived on their predestined places in 1982, and the process of liberating the natives began.

Firstly, General Wiranto had successful trends on the first year, with the assist of General Harden of the US Army, both forces would knock the Portuguese troops almost out Africa. They would capture the entirety of Angola by 1982 and be marching towards Walvis Bay in early 1983. However, the coalition forces were shocked when the South African forces had suddenly naval invaded Luanda, crippling the separatist government. After the enemy succeeds in splitting the anti-Apartheid Movements into halves, General Wiranto must pull back his troops to defend Angola itself.

The case for Major Colonel Sudirjat was different for the worse. Sudirjat never actually acclaimed such victory akin to his boss. Rather, he discovered great difficulties as the separatist organization in Mozambique has contested the leadership. Even though Angola has two resistant groups with opposite ideologies, it wasn’t as destructive as what was happening in Mozambique. At first, Ferdinand Mombueso was commanding the group, later ousted by Gawa Sitoe, and later again by Langan Nhantumbo.

In 1983, the British finally consolidate itself, and finally started helping Portugal in terms of its colonial defeats, along with Spain. Thus, the front was collapsing against the rebel forces, which the United States completely feared for the scenario. Indonesia also feared this, as a withdrawal without a win was a humiliation towards Subandrio’s Presidency.

Despite the current decline of the war effort, General Wiranto accomplished several heroic victories in his campaign. His most famous victories of them all, was the Encirclement of 6 South African Divisions in Zenza do Itombe.



===================

Memoir of Aryo

Specialist Aryo Budiatmodjo was at the first line of an attack planned today. We would face four African divisions that were planning to retreat to Luanda. We were reported to hold the line until reinforcements came. Around three communist divisions from the North, and half of the intervention forces from Indonesia and the Americas from the South. Our final objective was to halt their retreat as long as possible.

His squad consists of four men; he was the squad leader. He should have become a lieutenant, but his current rage with higher officers prevent him. He allegedly attacked Sergeant Didik Budiharto, none other than the youngest son of former General Suharto. Luckily, he wasn’t a Kopassus man, he came from the 2nd Marines Brigade. His fiasco with Kopassus would later explode into a big proxy fight between the Navy Marines and Army Kopassus in terms of participation.

Aryo was lying on the mud with the tall grass blocking his figure. He was watching the other scouts, who will report of the incoming division. He had Putra, Rudi and Rhorom on his left side, each carrying their rifles to combat. Aryo as the specialist granted him an M60. We bought from the Americans after the Nicaraguan War, and now we have full of those ready to arm.

I was trying to enjoy my fish rations when the recon has returned to alarm us all. Not long, we would hear motorized cars rattles from the rough road that we were hiding from. I hushed all my men, and so do others. Not long, what was a busty forest became dead silent. We were waiting for the whistle.

The moment when we were all silent was where I remembered the times during the victory in Windhoek. Although that was a strategic defeat, it was a tactical victory. The South African forces were surprised at us when we out-flanked them. But, I still remembered the killing that we have done towards those racist whites. I never felt satisfied with killing them. Instead, I want this war to be over soon.

My distracting thought was cut abruptly when the sound we were expecting was a whistle. Just five hundred meters in front of me, a bomb explode on of the division convoys. It was confirmed that the communist militia has attacked the retreating forces first. As the battle started, our entire platoon kept stay still on the attack, we wouldn’t dare oppose our commanders. The commanders also shared similar confusion about the turn of events.

Our forces were getting anxious when the fights moved further Northeast. I think that the South African forces were pulling back from the superior numbers. I didn’t know what the hell the commands were thinking of. We were losing our chances. I saw more and more fellow marines feeling irritated on the retreating forces. They want action, and it seemed that we’re blowing the chances.

I try to charge against the enemies. But then, Putra intervened and pull my arm back towards the mud. ‘Are you insane?’, he whispered loudly. ‘Yes, I can’t stand seeing them losing.’ ‘I don’t bloody care they are losing, as long as we followed the orders. I’m not risking another punishment from your reckless attitudes.’, he snapped.

Just as I would retort back, the whistle blew. Putra was surprised about that, and immediately we went for a charge.

===================​

Indeed, the communist forces were instead a decoy planned by General Wiranto to lure them northeastwards. Wiranto was trying to attack the back of the retreating division, which was the artillery division. Unlike the motorized ones, the artillery division holds the supply for all those divisions. The communist rebels would lure the motorized ones into thinking that the main forces were there, not noticing the Indonesian forces back.

The results were an absolute genius, the entire 6 divisions were either caught or killed in the progress. A small brigade escape, but they escape towards the east, back where they came from. It became a military embarrassment towards the South Africans, yet a drive for their revenge. In 1984, the South African War would eventually be stuck in a stalemate, especially with the incoming election.
Wow this seemed like a big battle is commencing on the african mainland btw what is the situation in madagascar because madagascar was near sa do the sa conduct air raid or incursion there?
 
Independence Day Edition
Independence Edition

16 August 2045; 11.30 PM; WS -8 UTC
Nieuw Amsterdam, Federal State of Suriname, Federal Republic of Indonesia


Adhif is playing with his brother on his home. His father is the Governor of Suriname, and he is attending the incoming 100th Anniversary of Indonesia. In this day, most children would stay at home and celebrate in the morning after. However, officials need to follow exactly the time in Jakarta, which was 10.30 AM at Western Indonesia Time.

Adhif notices the city’s roads full of national flag holograms, speeches about presidents before. What he notices quickly is one certain President Raymond Hutahuruk, the man who incorporated Suriname into Indonesia.

We welcome Suriname, who have wished to join us on the recent referendum. We shared a common history, the Netherlands as our colonizer, and also centuries of colonial oppression. They were granted independence after the decolonization efforts of the colonizer, yet the people were still oppressed by the government successor. Even if the people of Suriname control their own country, they do not control the government.

I hope when we conjoin ourselves as citizens of Indonesia, we would experience better and thorough progress of all, especially for the people of Suriname. We will progress equal growth amongst all spans of Indonesia, regardless of distance from the capital.
He later changes his broadcast news into a more recent one, this time with Governor Muhammad Adhimaz Fikatan, his father, as the centre of attention. His father is wearing Javanese clothes, suitable for Adhif’s family descendants. He hears the next sentence, which in the surprise of Adhif, he finally could see what he has wished for.

For the President of the Federal Republic of Indonesia, Mr Muhammad Jonathan Trihandoko, please stand into the independence podium.
He can see the President rise from his seat, it was almost noon in Nusakota. Adhif can see the President’s wife, and also the Vice President. The Vice President, unbeknownst by Adhif, is an elderly woman. But then, when he sees the Vice President’s husband, he will elate in gladness, as all Indonesia would ever chant for.

Former President Maximillian Bambang Hendarto!

He remembers what his father had told him about the Former President, the youngest presidents of all time in Indonesia, barely passed 40 upon his election. He was a savage in foreign relations, killing those who mocked and insult Indonesia, and even incite infighting amongst enemies. He was the one who restored Indonesia’s image, after being tarnished with years of instability, corruption, and stagnation. Moreover, he was the first Chinese-descendant president and the first Catholic president.

He could speak on and on for the Former President, but the news cut his thoughts.

Preparation for the Ceremony of Commemorating the 100th Anniversary of Indonesian Independence. Ladies and Gentlemen, please stand up.
He, along with everyone in the living room, stand up. His mind also is assured, that he guaranteed no one by this city does not stand up on this.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 08.00 AM; WIB +8 UTC
Hendarto Lunar Station, Federal Territories of the Moon, Pacific Scientific Alliance (Part of PATO)


Located on the dark side of the Moon, Hendarto Lunar Station is busying themselves with antenna-checkings, satellite feeds, and monitor re-adjustments. The location is exactly three miles from the historic Bahari IV Landings, the one that changed the course of Pacific history. Now, the three hectares of productive space is used for scientific research, industrial mining, and outer-space defence initiative.

Engineer Elan Baturah is eating his mutton steak. For the first time in a few years, he can savour anything outside of potatoes, chickens and weeds. Recent launches from Liberty Space Station granted the Indonesian habitants extra meals for enjoying the independence day. Elan is just finishing his chilli sauce when the intercom sounds.

Hello, this is Station Administrator Colonel Dmitry Chernyshevsky. In commemorating the independence day of the Federal Republic of Indonesia, all workers of the said nationality may have their day off for today. The Union of Soviet Democratic Republics sends their highest regard to the state of Indonesia.

Hello, this is the Radio Administrator Major John Stanford Willows. The radio for the next four hours ahead would be dedicated fully for commemorating Indonesia’s independence. Therefore, all satellite and transmitter must be a 030 heading. On behalf of the North American Union, we express the highest regard for Indonesia’s independence commemoration.

That’s all for today folks, thank you and God Bless.
Just after the intercom stops abrupt, nearly all Indonesian personnel shout in cheers. But then, the intercom immediately interrupts.

Remember that you need to follow the ceremony in Nusakota.
Elan, and his other friends, sigh in despair. Although weak gravity makes standing an easier task. Elan must go out, with other dozens of Indonesians, to the Northeastern side of the base, where the Indonesian flag stands tall. They should stand there, probably for half an hour.

Just after that, the base went just into normal. Elan is stopped by Aimi, his coworker and girlfriend. She stops his move. “Elan, your mother is reaching for you.”

Elan sighs, his mother reaching him is not the greatest celebration. It would be another session of motherly rants.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 09.00 AM; CST +8 UTC
Haishenwai, People’s Republic of China


Foreign Minister of China, Yi Chen Xiong, feels great envy towards the Indonesian upcoming celebration of independence. Every 1st of October, the entire nation would rally up for the National Holiday of the worker’s struggle. Almost nearly every China people would stand up and sing the anthem. Every 17th of August, not the entire nation of Indonesia would celebrate for their Independence Day. But, after their bravery and perseverance, that day is gained interest by other nationalities. In conclusion, the Independence Day of Indonesia was celebrated also in other countries. Yi is seeing the direct implications of it when the Soviet RT News publicize the proceedings for the independence ceremony of Indonesia.

China is currently one of the superpowers of the world, becoming a model for internationalism and socialism, along with her allies. Yet, despite that, China could not convey a similar frightening power, like those during the British times, and the Soviet vs US times in the post-WW2 stages. China is now struggling in Asia itself, with influence everywhere East of Yunnan would be under PATO’s umbrella. They almost succeed their hyperpower ambitions, yet destroyed by a single man, none other than wretched Hendarto. Now, the chances are all gone.

‘Sir, the Indonesians do celebrate their day with style, especially that other countries are watching it also. We China are embarrassed by it.’
‘Don’t lose spirit, comrade. China will always be the number one nation in the world. We will portray ourselves as true socialism. We have succeeded in many parts of the world. We will succeed again someday.’
‘Sir. I thought the ones that made China such this is none other than the traitor itself.’
‘Yes. Facially Chinese, but heartily Indonesian. I can’t stand of that name Hendarto.’

Now, Yi is trying to negotiate with Foreign Minister Kim, with attempts to ally Korea into the Chinese network of an alliance.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 02.30 AM; EET +2 UTC
Dybbøl, Kingdom of Denmark


Ambassador Rita Antaria is driving towards the Denmark-German border and stopped at Dybbøl for an Indonesian friend there. Although Rita is trying to improve with the Germans, many people still shocked on the past betrayals of Germany towards Denmark. Scars of wars hurt also for these people, that because Germany ever invaded Denmark in 1864, and later after Germany’s betrayal.

Indonesia’s Law must oblige politicians and government officials to stand perfectly for commemorating the independence day of Indonesia, regardless of time zones. She is trying to her friend to do the necessities.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 10.30 AM; WIB +8 UTC
Nusakota, District Capital of Kutai Negara, Federal Republic of Indonesia


‘Everyone, attention!’

President Jonathan Trihandoko, along with Vice President and all his companions in the podium, stands up for the celebration of the 100th anniversary. They waited for the National Flag Hoisting Troop (Paskibraka) to prepare the waving of the flag. While three Paskibra march for the long way towards the pole, Trihandoko flashed towards the Indonesian histories.

His father would have a Muslim wife and gave birth towards three sons, Iqbal, Richard, and Muhammad. Being the last of the three, he was cared the most by his father. In the father’s devotion towards the country, his mother would take care of all of the children, instilling Muslim values and preaches towards the next generation.

The death of his father would trigger him into entering politics. His father’s party endorsed his father’s policies, but he was annoyed with his father’s party stances against then leader. The leader was a corrupt official, yet he ascended into the central government, and even to the highest of the leadership.

He switched into the enemies of the party. And rise within the ranks of the party. He was a close associate of Hendarto, with that his popularity rises also.

He is trying to remember the past when the commander immediately speaks. The flag has been set.
‘Everyone, Present Arms!’
Everyone then sings the national anthem.

INDONESIA RAYA
I
Indonesia tanah airku,
Tanah tumpah darahku,
Di sanalah aku berdiri,
Jadi pandu ibuku.

Indonesia kebangsaanku,
Bangsa dan tanah airku,
Marilah kita berseru,
Indonesia bersatu.

Hiduplah tanahku,
Hiduplah negeriku,
Bangsaku, Rakyatku, semuanya,
Bangunlah jiwanya,
Bangunlah badannya,
Untuk Indonesia Raya.

II
Indonesia, tanah yang mulia,
Tanah kita yang kaya,
Di sanalah aku berdiri,
Untuk selama-lamanya.

Indonesia, tanah pusaka,
Pusaka kita semuanya,
Marilah kita mendoa,
Indonesia bahagia.

Suburlah tanahnya,
Suburlah jiwanya,
Bangsanya, Rakyatnya, semuanya,
Sadarlah hatinya,
Sadarlah budinya,
Untuk Indonesia Raya.

III
Indonesia, tanah yang suci,
Tanah kita yang sakti,
Di sanalah aku berdiri,
Jaga ibu sejati.

Indonesia, tanah berseri,
Tanah yang aku sayangi,
Marilah kita berjanji,
Indonesia abadi.

Selamatlah rakyatnya,
Selamatlah putranya,
Pulaunya, lautnya, semuanya,
Majulah Negerinya,
Majulah pandunya,
Untuk Indonesia Raya.

Refrain
Indonesia Raya,
Merdeka, merdeka,
Tanahku, negeriku yang kucinta!
Indonesia Raya,
Merdeka, merdeka,
Hiduplah Indonesia Raya.
At the end of the song, the President can see all the 100 years of history unfolds in his eyes. It is truly an exhilarating moment.

==================
Happy Indonesian Independence Day Folks!

Next up, we would return on foreign situations all across the world circa Subandrio's second term.
 
Wow this seemed like a big battle is commencing on the african mainland btw what is the situation in madagascar because madagascar was near sa do the sa conduct air raid or incursion there?
The South Africans wouldn't dare on doing the air raid, as that would incite a direct war with Indonesia. However, difficulties in sea trade and air trade would happen, such as naval or aerial hostages etc.
 
Independence Edition

16 August 2045; 11.30 PM; WS -8 UTC
Nieuw Amsterdam, Federal State of Suriname, Federal Republic of Indonesia


Adhif is playing with his brother on his home. His father is the Governor of Suriname, and he is attending the incoming 100th Anniversary of Indonesia. In this day, most children would stay at home and celebrate in the morning after. However, officials need to follow exactly the time in Jakarta, which was 10.30 AM at Western Indonesia Time.

Adhif notices the city’s roads full of national flag holograms, speeches about presidents before. What he notices quickly is one certain President Raymond Hutahuruk, the man who incorporated Suriname into Indonesia.



He later changes his broadcast news into a more recent one, this time with Governor Muhammad Adhimaz Fikatan, his father, as the centre of attention. His father is wearing Javanese clothes, suitable for Adhif’s family descendants. He hears the next sentence, which in the surprise of Adhif, he finally could see what he has wished for.



He can see the President rise from his seat, it was almost noon in Nusakota. Adhif can see the President’s wife, and also the Vice President. The Vice President, unbeknownst by Adhif, is an elderly woman. But then, when he sees the Vice President’s husband, he will elate in gladness, as all Indonesia would ever chant for.

Former President Maximillian Bambang Hendarto!

He remembers what his father had told him about the Former President, the youngest presidents of all time in Indonesia, barely passed 40 upon his election. He was a savage in foreign relations, killing those who mocked and insult Indonesia, and even incite infighting amongst enemies. He was the one who restored Indonesia’s image, after being tarnished with years of instability, corruption, and stagnation. Moreover, he was the first Chinese-descendant president and the first Catholic president.

He could speak on and on for the Former President, but the news cut his thoughts.



He, along with everyone in the living room, stand up. His mind also is assured, that he guaranteed no one by this city does not stand up on this.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 08.00 AM; WIB +8 UTC
Hendarto Lunar Station, Federal Territories of the Moon, Pacific Scientific Alliance (Part of PATO)


Located on the dark side of the Moon, Hendarto Lunar Station is busying themselves with antenna-checkings, satellite feeds, and monitor re-adjustments. The location is exactly three miles from the historic Bahari IV Landings, the one that changed the course of Pacific history. Now, the three hectares of productive space is used for scientific research, industrial mining, and outer-space defence initiative.

Engineer Elan Baturah is eating his mutton steak. For the first time in a few years, he can savour anything outside of potatoes, chickens and weeds. Recent launches from Liberty Space Station granted the Indonesian habitants extra meals for enjoying the independence day. Elan is just finishing his chilli sauce when the intercom sounds.



Just after the intercom stops abrupt, nearly all Indonesian personnel shout in cheers. But then, the intercom immediately interrupts.



Elan, and his other friends, sigh in despair. Although weak gravity makes standing an easier task. Elan must go out, with other dozens of Indonesians, to the Northeastern side of the base, where the Indonesian flag stands tall. They should stand there, probably for half an hour.

Just after that, the base went just into normal. Elan is stopped by Aimi, his coworker and girlfriend. She stops his move. “Elan, your mother is reaching for you.”

Elan sighs, his mother reaching him is not the greatest celebration. It would be another session of motherly rants.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 09.00 AM; CST +8 UTC
Haishenwai, People’s Republic of China


Foreign Minister of China, Yi Chen Xiong, feels great envy towards the Indonesian upcoming celebration of independence. Every 1st of October, the entire nation would rally up for the National Holiday of the worker’s struggle. Almost nearly every China people would stand up and sing the anthem. Every 17th of August, not the entire nation of Indonesia would celebrate for their Independence Day. But, after their bravery and perseverance, that day is gained interest by other nationalities. In conclusion, the Independence Day of Indonesia was celebrated also in other countries. Yi is seeing the direct implications of it when the Soviet RT News publicize the proceedings for the independence ceremony of Indonesia.

China is currently one of the superpowers of the world, becoming a model for internationalism and socialism, along with her allies. Yet, despite that, China could not convey a similar frightening power, like those during the British times, and the Soviet vs US times in the post-WW2 stages. China is now struggling in Asia itself, with influence everywhere East of Yunnan would be under PATO’s umbrella. They almost succeed their hyperpower ambitions, yet destroyed by a single man, none other than wretched Hendarto. Now, the chances are all gone.

‘Sir, the Indonesians do celebrate their day with style, especially that other countries are watching it also. We China are embarrassed by it.’
‘Don’t lose spirit, comrade. China will always be the number one nation in the world. We will portray ourselves as true socialism. We have succeeded in many parts of the world. We will succeed again someday.’
‘Sir. I thought the ones that made China such this is none other than the traitor itself.’
‘Yes. Facially Chinese, but heartily Indonesian. I can’t stand of that name Hendarto.’

Now, Yi is trying to negotiate with Foreign Minister Kim, with attempts to ally Korea into the Chinese network of an alliance.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 02.30 AM; EET +2 UTC
Dybbøl, Kingdom of Denmark


Ambassador Rita Antaria is driving towards the Denmark-German border and stopped at Dybbøl for an Indonesian friend there. Although Rita is trying to improve with the Germans, many people still shocked on the past betrayals of Germany towards Denmark. Scars of wars hurt also for these people, that because Germany ever invaded Denmark in 1864, and later after Germany’s betrayal.

Indonesia’s Law must oblige politicians and government officials to stand perfectly for commemorating the independence day of Indonesia, regardless of time zones. She is trying to her friend to do the necessities.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 10.30 AM; WIB +8 UTC
Nusakota, District Capital of Kutai Negara, Federal Republic of Indonesia


‘Everyone, attention!’

President Jonathan Trihandoko, along with Vice President and all his companions in the podium, stands up for the celebration of the 100th anniversary. They waited for the National Flag Hoisting Troop (Paskibraka) to prepare the waving of the flag. While three Paskibra march for the long way towards the pole, Trihandoko flashed towards the Indonesian histories.

His father would have a Muslim wife and gave birth towards three sons, Iqbal, Richard, and Muhammad. Being the last of the three, he was cared the most by his father. In the father’s devotion towards the country, his mother would take care of all of the children, instilling Muslim values and preaches towards the next generation.

The death of his father would trigger him into entering politics. His father’s party endorsed his father’s policies, but he was annoyed with his father’s party stances against then leader. The leader was a corrupt official, yet he ascended into the central government, and even to the highest of the leadership.

He switched into the enemies of the party. And rise within the ranks of the party. He was a close associate of Hendarto, with that his popularity rises also.

He is trying to remember the past when the commander immediately speaks. The flag has been set.
‘Everyone, Present Arms!’
Everyone then sings the national anthem.



At the end of the song, the President can see all the 100 years of history unfolds in his eyes. It is truly an exhilarating moment.

==================
Happy Indonesian Independence Day Folks!

Next up, we would return on foreign situations all across the world circa Subandrio's second term.
Oh now this is very interesting these new nation that popped up in 2045 is very interesting that lead me to have several question:

1.what type of goverment that the NAU have and also what is their capital?
2.did gorbachev suceed in democratising the ussr due to the soviet now being called union of soviet democratic republic (does this mean the romanov remains given a proper state burials or they still lie in the bottom of a mine)?
3.what is the relation of the superpower (NAU,USDR and China) are these 3 still have rivalry or wars?
4.did the NAU wins the support of the morrocan?
5.can you tell us a hint to what happen to uk and france?
6.since i remember nurtanio will be ome of the main competitor of airbus and boeing what kind id plane does nurtanio produce?
 
Independence Edition

16 August 2045; 11.30 PM; WS -8 UTC
Nieuw Amsterdam, Federal State of Suriname, Federal Republic of Indonesia


Adhif is playing with his brother on his home. His father is the Governor of Suriname, and he is attending the incoming 100th Anniversary of Indonesia. In this day, most children would stay at home and celebrate in the morning after. However, officials need to follow exactly the time in Jakarta, which was 10.30 AM at Western Indonesia Time.

Adhif notices the city’s roads full of national flag holograms, speeches about presidents before. What he notices quickly is one certain President Raymond Hutahuruk, the man who incorporated Suriname into Indonesia.



He later changes his broadcast news into a more recent one, this time with Governor Muhammad Adhimaz Fikatan, his father, as the centre of attention. His father is wearing Javanese clothes, suitable for Adhif’s family descendants. He hears the next sentence, which in the surprise of Adhif, he finally could see what he has wished for.



He can see the President rise from his seat, it was almost noon in Nusakota. Adhif can see the President’s wife, and also the Vice President. The Vice President, unbeknownst by Adhif, is an elderly woman. But then, when he sees the Vice President’s husband, he will elate in gladness, as all Indonesia would ever chant for.

Former President Maximillian Bambang Hendarto!

He remembers what his father had told him about the Former President, the youngest presidents of all time in Indonesia, barely passed 40 upon his election. He was a savage in foreign relations, killing those who mocked and insult Indonesia, and even incite infighting amongst enemies. He was the one who restored Indonesia’s image, after being tarnished with years of instability, corruption, and stagnation. Moreover, he was the first Chinese-descendant president and the first Catholic president.

He could speak on and on for the Former President, but the news cut his thoughts.



He, along with everyone in the living room, stand up. His mind also is assured, that he guaranteed no one by this city does not stand up on this.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 08.00 AM; WIB +8 UTC
Hendarto Lunar Station, Federal Territories of the Moon, Pacific Scientific Alliance (Part of PATO)


Located on the dark side of the Moon, Hendarto Lunar Station is busying themselves with antenna-checkings, satellite feeds, and monitor re-adjustments. The location is exactly three miles from the historic Bahari IV Landings, the one that changed the course of Pacific history. Now, the three hectares of productive space is used for scientific research, industrial mining, and outer-space defence initiative.

Engineer Elan Baturah is eating his mutton steak. For the first time in a few years, he can savour anything outside of potatoes, chickens and weeds. Recent launches from Liberty Space Station granted the Indonesian habitants extra meals for enjoying the independence day. Elan is just finishing his chilli sauce when the intercom sounds.



Just after the intercom stops abrupt, nearly all Indonesian personnel shout in cheers. But then, the intercom immediately interrupts.



Elan, and his other friends, sigh in despair. Although weak gravity makes standing an easier task. Elan must go out, with other dozens of Indonesians, to the Northeastern side of the base, where the Indonesian flag stands tall. They should stand there, probably for half an hour.

Just after that, the base went just into normal. Elan is stopped by Aimi, his coworker and girlfriend. She stops his move. “Elan, your mother is reaching for you.”

Elan sighs, his mother reaching him is not the greatest celebration. It would be another session of motherly rants.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 09.00 AM; CST +8 UTC
Haishenwai, People’s Republic of China


Foreign Minister of China, Yi Chen Xiong, feels great envy towards the Indonesian upcoming celebration of independence. Every 1st of October, the entire nation would rally up for the National Holiday of the worker’s struggle. Almost nearly every China people would stand up and sing the anthem. Every 17th of August, not the entire nation of Indonesia would celebrate for their Independence Day. But, after their bravery and perseverance, that day is gained interest by other nationalities. In conclusion, the Independence Day of Indonesia was celebrated also in other countries. Yi is seeing the direct implications of it when the Soviet RT News publicize the proceedings for the independence ceremony of Indonesia.

China is currently one of the superpowers of the world, becoming a model for internationalism and socialism, along with her allies. Yet, despite that, China could not convey a similar frightening power, like those during the British times, and the Soviet vs US times in the post-WW2 stages. China is now struggling in Asia itself, with influence everywhere East of Yunnan would be under PATO’s umbrella. They almost succeed their hyperpower ambitions, yet destroyed by a single man, none other than wretched Hendarto. Now, the chances are all gone.

‘Sir, the Indonesians do celebrate their day with style, especially that other countries are watching it also. We China are embarrassed by it.’
‘Don’t lose spirit, comrade. China will always be the number one nation in the world. We will portray ourselves as true socialism. We have succeeded in many parts of the world. We will succeed again someday.’
‘Sir. I thought the ones that made China such this is none other than the traitor itself.’
‘Yes. Facially Chinese, but heartily Indonesian. I can’t stand of that name Hendarto.’

Now, Yi is trying to negotiate with Foreign Minister Kim, with attempts to ally Korea into the Chinese network of an alliance.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 02.30 AM; EET +2 UTC
Dybbøl, Kingdom of Denmark


Ambassador Rita Antaria is driving towards the Denmark-German border and stopped at Dybbøl for an Indonesian friend there. Although Rita is trying to improve with the Germans, many people still shocked on the past betrayals of Germany towards Denmark. Scars of wars hurt also for these people, that because Germany ever invaded Denmark in 1864, and later after Germany’s betrayal.

Indonesia’s Law must oblige politicians and government officials to stand perfectly for commemorating the independence day of Indonesia, regardless of time zones. She is trying to her friend to do the necessities.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 10.30 AM; WIB +8 UTC
Nusakota, District Capital of Kutai Negara, Federal Republic of Indonesia


‘Everyone, attention!’

President Jonathan Trihandoko, along with Vice President and all his companions in the podium, stands up for the celebration of the 100th anniversary. They waited for the National Flag Hoisting Troop (Paskibraka) to prepare the waving of the flag. While three Paskibra march for the long way towards the pole, Trihandoko flashed towards the Indonesian histories.

His father would have a Muslim wife and gave birth towards three sons, Iqbal, Richard, and Muhammad. Being the last of the three, he was cared the most by his father. In the father’s devotion towards the country, his mother would take care of all of the children, instilling Muslim values and preaches towards the next generation.

The death of his father would trigger him into entering politics. His father’s party endorsed his father’s policies, but he was annoyed with his father’s party stances against then leader. The leader was a corrupt official, yet he ascended into the central government, and even to the highest of the leadership.

He switched into the enemies of the party. And rise within the ranks of the party. He was a close associate of Hendarto, with that his popularity rises also.

He is trying to remember the past when the commander immediately speaks. The flag has been set.
‘Everyone, Present Arms!’
Everyone then sings the national anthem.



At the end of the song, the President can see all the 100 years of history unfolds in his eyes. It is truly an exhilarating moment.

==================
Happy Indonesian Independence Day Folks!

Next up, we would return on foreign situations all across the world circa Subandrio's second term.
Did this NAU include canada and mexico?
 
Independence Edition

16 August 2045; 11.30 PM; WS -8 UTC
Nieuw Amsterdam, Federal State of Suriname, Federal Republic of Indonesia


Adhif is playing with his brother on his home. His father is the Governor of Suriname, and he is attending the incoming 100th Anniversary of Indonesia. In this day, most children would stay at home and celebrate in the morning after. However, officials need to follow exactly the time in Jakarta, which was 10.30 AM at Western Indonesia Time.

Adhif notices the city’s roads full of national flag holograms, speeches about presidents before. What he notices quickly is one certain President Raymond Hutahuruk, the man who incorporated Suriname into Indonesia.



He later changes his broadcast news into a more recent one, this time with Governor Muhammad Adhimaz Fikatan, his father, as the centre of attention. His father is wearing Javanese clothes, suitable for Adhif’s family descendants. He hears the next sentence, which in the surprise of Adhif, he finally could see what he has wished for.



He can see the President rise from his seat, it was almost noon in Nusakota. Adhif can see the President’s wife, and also the Vice President. The Vice President, unbeknownst by Adhif, is an elderly woman. But then, when he sees the Vice President’s husband, he will elate in gladness, as all Indonesia would ever chant for.

Former President Maximillian Bambang Hendarto!

He remembers what his father had told him about the Former President, the youngest presidents of all time in Indonesia, barely passed 40 upon his election. He was a savage in foreign relations, killing those who mocked and insult Indonesia, and even incite infighting amongst enemies. He was the one who restored Indonesia’s image, after being tarnished with years of instability, corruption, and stagnation. Moreover, he was the first Chinese-descendant president and the first Catholic president.

He could speak on and on for the Former President, but the news cut his thoughts.



He, along with everyone in the living room, stand up. His mind also is assured, that he guaranteed no one by this city does not stand up on this.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 08.00 AM; WIB +8 UTC
Hendarto Lunar Station, Federal Territories of the Moon, Pacific Scientific Alliance (Part of PATO)


Located on the dark side of the Moon, Hendarto Lunar Station is busying themselves with antenna-checkings, satellite feeds, and monitor re-adjustments. The location is exactly three miles from the historic Bahari IV Landings, the one that changed the course of Pacific history. Now, the three hectares of productive space is used for scientific research, industrial mining, and outer-space defence initiative.

Engineer Elan Baturah is eating his mutton steak. For the first time in a few years, he can savour anything outside of potatoes, chickens and weeds. Recent launches from Liberty Space Station granted the Indonesian habitants extra meals for enjoying the independence day. Elan is just finishing his chilli sauce when the intercom sounds.



Just after the intercom stops abrupt, nearly all Indonesian personnel shout in cheers. But then, the intercom immediately interrupts.



Elan, and his other friends, sigh in despair. Although weak gravity makes standing an easier task. Elan must go out, with other dozens of Indonesians, to the Northeastern side of the base, where the Indonesian flag stands tall. They should stand there, probably for half an hour.

Just after that, the base went just into normal. Elan is stopped by Aimi, his coworker and girlfriend. She stops his move. “Elan, your mother is reaching for you.”

Elan sighs, his mother reaching him is not the greatest celebration. It would be another session of motherly rants.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 09.00 AM; CST +8 UTC
Haishenwai, People’s Republic of China


Foreign Minister of China, Yi Chen Xiong, feels great envy towards the Indonesian upcoming celebration of independence. Every 1st of October, the entire nation would rally up for the National Holiday of the worker’s struggle. Almost nearly every China people would stand up and sing the anthem. Every 17th of August, not the entire nation of Indonesia would celebrate for their Independence Day. But, after their bravery and perseverance, that day is gained interest by other nationalities. In conclusion, the Independence Day of Indonesia was celebrated also in other countries. Yi is seeing the direct implications of it when the Soviet RT News publicize the proceedings for the independence ceremony of Indonesia.

China is currently one of the superpowers of the world, becoming a model for internationalism and socialism, along with her allies. Yet, despite that, China could not convey a similar frightening power, like those during the British times, and the Soviet vs US times in the post-WW2 stages. China is now struggling in Asia itself, with influence everywhere East of Yunnan would be under PATO’s umbrella. They almost succeed their hyperpower ambitions, yet destroyed by a single man, none other than wretched Hendarto. Now, the chances are all gone.

‘Sir, the Indonesians do celebrate their day with style, especially that other countries are watching it also. We China are embarrassed by it.’
‘Don’t lose spirit, comrade. China will always be the number one nation in the world. We will portray ourselves as true socialism. We have succeeded in many parts of the world. We will succeed again someday.’
‘Sir. I thought the ones that made China such this is none other than the traitor itself.’
‘Yes. Facially Chinese, but heartily Indonesian. I can’t stand of that name Hendarto.’

Now, Yi is trying to negotiate with Foreign Minister Kim, with attempts to ally Korea into the Chinese network of an alliance.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 02.30 AM; EET +2 UTC
Dybbøl, Kingdom of Denmark


Ambassador Rita Antaria is driving towards the Denmark-German border and stopped at Dybbøl for an Indonesian friend there. Although Rita is trying to improve with the Germans, many people still shocked on the past betrayals of Germany towards Denmark. Scars of wars hurt also for these people, that because Germany ever invaded Denmark in 1864, and later after Germany’s betrayal.

Indonesia’s Law must oblige politicians and government officials to stand perfectly for commemorating the independence day of Indonesia, regardless of time zones. She is trying to her friend to do the necessities.

==========================================​
17 August 2045; 10.30 AM; WIB +8 UTC
Nusakota, District Capital of Kutai Negara, Federal Republic of Indonesia


‘Everyone, attention!’

President Jonathan Trihandoko, along with Vice President and all his companions in the podium, stands up for the celebration of the 100th anniversary. They waited for the National Flag Hoisting Troop (Paskibraka) to prepare the waving of the flag. While three Paskibra march for the long way towards the pole, Trihandoko flashed towards the Indonesian histories.

His father would have a Muslim wife and gave birth towards three sons, Iqbal, Richard, and Muhammad. Being the last of the three, he was cared the most by his father. In the father’s devotion towards the country, his mother would take care of all of the children, instilling Muslim values and preaches towards the next generation.

The death of his father would trigger him into entering politics. His father’s party endorsed his father’s policies, but he was annoyed with his father’s party stances against then leader. The leader was a corrupt official, yet he ascended into the central government, and even to the highest of the leadership.

He switched into the enemies of the party. And rise within the ranks of the party. He was a close associate of Hendarto, with that his popularity rises also.

He is trying to remember the past when the commander immediately speaks. The flag has been set.
‘Everyone, Present Arms!’
Everyone then sings the national anthem.



At the end of the song, the President can see all the 100 years of history unfolds in his eyes. It is truly an exhilarating moment.

==================
Happy Indonesian Independence Day Folks!

Next up, we would return on foreign situations all across the world circa Subandrio's second term.
On behalf of your neighbor Malaysia, I would like to say Happy Independence Day for you Indonesian folks😊😊
 
East Asian Community Part 5: The Formation
East Asian Community

The second term of Subandrio was either helpful or hurtful towards the PPP socialist-leaning party. The early half of the second term, fortunately, was another great moment for Subandrio’s presidency. It happened when Japan invited Indonesia in an economic community, an East Asian Community. The LDP party is having its super-majority since 1955. The merging between the Liberal Party and the Japanese Democratic Party merge into the Liberal Democratic Party. The opposition party, the Japanese Socialist Party, never has the needed majority to rule the government. But then, they have the perfect opportunity in 1983, when the snap election was held in favour of the current crisis.

After the rapid economic boom happened in Japan post-Korean War, the living conditions of the people have risen significantly. In just barely 10 years, Japan has become a bustling industrial nation, and by another 10 a regional power in East Asia. The LDP had benefited from this, giving them more and more popularity. Corporation profited greatly, and become giant corporations that spanned their company world-widely.

japan_1.jpg

Japan in the 60s, considered to be the start of the Economic Miracle Era

Problems emerged from this industrial society when Japanese youth asked for the improvement of minimum wages. When the living expense rises after the industrial revolution of a nation, Japan has not touched the minimum wages and even the workers' condition. Japan has also a worrying trend in culture-westernization. The JSP gain benefited from this. JSP leader Yakamoto Kuniaki determined that Japan has eroded itself from its cultural identity, and instead of pushing too hard towards Westernization that national identity has not become significant anymore. He also promoted minimum wages, an improvement of the worker’s living conditions. This policy has given the JSP party quite a boost in popularity, and the casus belli happened later on, in 1981.

The Shinkansen Railway Network, built since its first route opening in 1963, has invited millions of workers into this transportation field. The high-speed rail has invited millions into service works, and another million into construction labour. The 1968 Olympics, both winter and summer, intrigues the LDP government into constructing the high-speed network faster and better. Currently competing with France’s TGV, the Shinkansen is fighting for high-speed superiority. The recent development is that people who work as a train conductor, rail workers, and service jobs have low wages. The Shinkansen workers in Sapporo has increased in protest. The Seikan Tunnel is under construction and projected to be finished at 1984. However, the general disaster happened.

In September 18th 1981, an earthquake had strike Japan. It was around 7.8 Richter Scale and was not the deadliest in Japanese history. However, the shockwave has crippled part of the Seikan Tunnel construction, killing around 15 workers, and injuring almost 100 workers. It was a national incident and caused most attention on the national news. The implications, however, really do favour the JSP after the government’s actions. Three days after the incident, the workers demand government insurance, which had never been included in the worker’s protection rights. The government, partly because saving money due to the fright of another Oil Scare, declined the demand and instead of giving cash compensation. The other workers felt very anxious about this and defended the victim’s plea into demonstrations. The JSP gained momentum of this and promised the workers for better rights, insurances, and wages. For the first time, the JSP could win the election.

japan_2.jpg

Seikan Tunnel Construction, three days before the earthquake.

The LDP was not preparing for such a backlash from the people. Therefore, they corrected their statements a day after the previous declaration. Yet, their party’s popularity kept shaking after another scandal rises. Prime Minister Incumbent, Prime Minister Hashida Yokiso has received slush funds from the largest syndicate in Japan, Yamaguchi-Gumi. Yamaguchi-Gumi was involved with human trafficking, and drug trade. Yokiso received almost a million Yen in efforts of the syndicate’s immunity in law enforcement. LDP had tried so hard to maintain the majority. However, the public had chosen their fate. After another series of scandals inside the LDP, and also corruption ties with the Yakuza clan, the LDP lost the election with a slim margin, a 53% lead for the JSP. The 1955 System failed with a twist from the heavens itself. Japan needs a real change.

Prime Minister-elect Taiyo Mimura immediately set a pro-people government. The first policies he ordered was improving the worker’s conditions bypassing the worker's Act. The Japanese labours were given healthcare insurance and insurance from termination of employment due to possible company bailouts. And then, he would implement a minimum hourly wage of almost 240 Yen, the highest minimum wage in the world. The next idea he proposed, unexpectedly, was to leverage the tariffs caused by trading towards South-East Asian nations, which Japan was trying to expand there. As Japan’s market soared in Indonesia and South Vietnam, so does trade which increased greatly. Within the South East Asian market, the SEA trios formed a SEATO and Spratly League, to affirm their economic and defence integrity. Japan gained interest in an economic rapprochement. The Prime Minister decided to do such.

After almost two years of negotiations, Japan has reinforced to an economic organization called the East Asian Community, which Japan had invited several nations into membership. The first one was SEA states, which Japan was aiming for. However, Korea and Taiwan also wished for joining. Japan welcomed Korea, but suspend Taiwan’s wish because of China. The dispute about which China is the real China was still hot amongst the two rival governments. siding with Taiwan would mean that Japan would confront with China, which was a great disturbance for Japan’s future.

In October 18th 1983, the East Asian Community had become a working economic regional organization for East Asia’s trading. It helped boost Japan’s economic influence towards Indonesia, and probably becoming more dependent in Japan. Several politicians, especially PPI and PNI-R, decided that this move was another attempt of Japan’s imperialism efforts. Alas, the people of Indonesia was not paying attention to the risks EAC could give towards Indonesia. it was because Indonesia had another problem domestically, a monarchial problem to be precise. This time, the kingdoms around Indonesia has started another intense feud between families.

======================​
The next would be a Middle East chapter, and how they enhance the intense clash between royal families in Indonesia.

Happy Islamic New Year folks.
 
Oh now this is very interesting these new nation that popped up in 2045 is very interesting that lead me to have several question:

1.what type of goverment that the NAU have and also what is their capital?
2.did gorbachev suceed in democratising the ussr due to the soviet now being called union of soviet democratic republic (does this mean the romanov remains given a proper state burials or they still lie in the bottom of a mine)?
3.what is the relation of the superpower (NAU,USDR and China) are these 3 still have rivalry or wars?
4.did the NAU wins the support of the morrocan?
5.can you tell us a hint to what happen to uk and france?
6.since i remember nurtanio will be ome of the main competitor of airbus and boeing what kind id plane does nurtanio produce?
This is definitely all spoilers, but I can give you this:

All of these nations formed after WW3. Definitely chaos changes would happen after WW3, although I will not tell how the war would proceed.

Nurtanio would not become as influential as the big airbus and being giants, but maybe could compete on a smaller basis.

Did this NAU include canada and mexico?
Also spoiler, you'll see .
 
Last edited:
Dammit, what the heck happened to the notification?
Anyway, it's interesting that both the former superpower managed to survive. The war might not be as catastrophic. Though the mention of German betrayal to Denmark make it clear that the war is not just about the collision course of USA and USSR
 
East Asian Community

The second term of Subandrio was either helpful or hurtful towards the PPP socialist-leaning party. The early half of the second term, fortunately, was another great moment for Subandrio’s presidency. It happened when Japan invited Indonesia in an economic community, an East Asian Community. The LDP party is having its super-majority since 1955. The merging between the Liberal Party and the Japanese Democratic Party merge into the Liberal Democratic Party. The opposition party, the Japanese Socialist Party, never has the needed majority to rule the government. But then, they have the perfect opportunity in 1983, when the snap election was held in favour of the current crisis.

After the rapid economic boom happened in Japan post-Korean War, the living conditions of the people have risen significantly. In just barely 10 years, Japan has become a bustling industrial nation, and by another 10 a regional power in East Asia. The LDP had benefited from this, giving them more and more popularity. Corporation profited greatly, and become giant corporations that spanned their company world-widely.

View attachment 576838
Japan in the 60s, considered to be the start of the Economic Miracle Era

Problems emerged from this industrial society when Japanese youth asked for the improvement of minimum wages. When the living expense rises after the industrial revolution of a nation, Japan has not touched the minimum wages and even the workers' condition. Japan has also a worrying trend in culture-westernization. The JSP gain benefited from this. JSP leader Yakamoto Kuniaki determined that Japan has eroded itself from its cultural identity, and instead of pushing too hard towards Westernization that national identity has not become significant anymore. He also promoted minimum wages, an improvement of the worker’s living conditions. This policy has given the JSP party quite a boost in popularity, and the casus belli happened later on, in 1981.

The Shinkansen Railway Network, built since its first route opening in 1963, has invited millions of workers into this transportation field. The high-speed rail has invited millions into service works, and another million into construction labour. The 1968 Olympics, both winter and summer, intrigues the LDP government into constructing the high-speed network faster and better. Currently competing with France’s TGV, the Shinkansen is fighting for high-speed superiority. The recent development is that people who work as a train conductor, rail workers, and service jobs have low wages. The Shinkansen workers in Sapporo has increased in protest. The Seikan Tunnel is under construction and projected to be finished at 1984. However, the general disaster happened.

In September 18th 1981, an earthquake had strike Japan. It was around 7.8 Richter Scale and was not the deadliest in Japanese history. However, the shockwave has crippled part of the Seikan Tunnel construction, killing around 15 workers, and injuring almost 100 workers. It was a national incident and caused most attention on the national news. The implications, however, really do favour the JSP after the government’s actions. Three days after the incident, the workers demand government insurance, which had never been included in the worker’s protection rights. The government, partly because saving money due to the fright of another Oil Scare, declined the demand and instead of giving cash compensation. The other workers felt very anxious about this and defended the victim’s plea into demonstrations. The JSP gained momentum of this and promised the workers for better rights, insurances, and wages. For the first time, the JSP could win the election.

View attachment 576837
Seikan Tunnel Construction, three days before the earthquake.

The LDP was not preparing for such a backlash from the people. Therefore, they corrected their statements a day after the previous declaration. Yet, their party’s popularity kept shaking after another scandal rises. Prime Minister Incumbent, Prime Minister Hashida Yokiso has received slush funds from the largest syndicate in Japan, Yamaguchi-Gumi. Yamaguchi-Gumi was involved with human trafficking, and drug trade. Yokiso received almost a million Yen in efforts of the syndicate’s immunity in law enforcement. LDP had tried so hard to maintain the majority. However, the public had chosen their fate. After another series of scandals inside the LDP, and also corruption ties with the Yakuza clan, the LDP lost the election with a slim margin, a 53% lead for the JSP. The 1955 System failed with a twist from the heavens itself. Japan needs a real change.

Prime Minister-elect Taiyo Mimura immediately set a pro-people government. The first policies he ordered was improving the worker’s conditions bypassing the worker's Act. The Japanese labours were given healthcare insurance and insurance from termination of employment due to possible company bailouts. And then, he would implement a minimum hourly wage of almost 240 Yen, the highest minimum wage in the world. The next idea he proposed, unexpectedly, was to leverage the tariffs caused by trading towards South-East Asian nations, which Japan was trying to expand there. As Japan’s market soared in Indonesia and South Vietnam, so does trade which increased greatly. Within the South East Asian market, the SEA trios formed a SEATO and Spratly League, to affirm their economic and defence integrity. Japan gained interest in an economic rapprochement. The Prime Minister decided to do such.

After almost two years of negotiations, Japan has reinforced to an economic organization called the East Asian Community, which Japan had invited several nations into membership. The first one was SEA states, which Japan was aiming for. However, Korea and Taiwan also wished for joining. Japan welcomed Korea, but suspend Taiwan’s wish because of China. The dispute about which China is the real China was still hot amongst the two rival governments. siding with Taiwan would mean that Japan would confront with China, which was a great disturbance for Japan’s future.

In October 18th 1983, the East Asian Community had become a working economic regional organization for East Asia’s trading. It helped boost Japan’s economic influence towards Indonesia, and probably becoming more dependent in Japan. Several politicians, especially PPI and PNI-R, decided that this move was another attempt of Japan’s imperialism efforts. Alas, the people of Indonesia was not paying attention to the risks EAC could give towards Indonesia. it was because Indonesia had another problem domestically, a monarchial problem to be precise. This time, the kingdoms around Indonesia has started another intense feud between families.

======================​
The next would be a Middle East chapter, and how they enhance the intense clash between royal families in Indonesia.

Happy Islamic New Year folks.
And islamic chapter after the islamic new year nice

And i wonder what happen is the reaction of the people in taiwan after hearing that taiwan is rejected into tne community
 
East Asian Community Part 6: The OIS
Emit smoke from seven orifices: A Story of Religion, Allegiance and Royalty

In the year 1983, 5 sultanates conferred provincial status in the federation, the Sultanate of Johor, Perak, Brunei, Yogya and Solo. Besides these official kingdoms, other notable sultanates, like Sultanate of Pontianak and Sultanate of Banjar, were not in a provincial status, but still noted influential in their regions. Other illegitimate sultanates, like Sultanate of Aceh, were also notable for national politics, as their existence would determine the mutinous spirit of Serambi Mekkah.

Since the founding of Indonesia itself, Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, the sultan of Yogyakarta, was the de-facto leader of the monarchs in Indonesia. however, after the admittance of three Malayan Sultanates into the federation, Jogjakarta could not utilise the privileges it had before. Mostly, the fight of dominance was between Sultanate of Johor and the Sultanate of Jogjakarta. Nonetheless, this competition was a mere rivalry, much like a friendly match, therefore no bitter sentiments were felt between other kingdoms. Well, at least before they discussed events in the Middle East.

In the Middle East, politics and religion had become massive mayhem. The balance of power was divided between three regional powers, each aligned with three opposed superpowers. Currently, the most powerful in terms of quantities is the Soviet Bloc; Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Yemen, with Oman also under influence. In terms of impact to the world, however, holding the largest oil reserve in a nation didn’t assist Saudi Arabia on controlling diplomacy in the Middle East. Instead, the power in the region was balanced between democratic-aligned Gulf States Initiative and the UASR. Baring from its main strength, Saudi Arabia was nothing momentarily. Besides, the nation’s lenience to the Soviet Union only fruited further communist uprisings in Yemen and the Horn of Africa. Still, Saudi Arabia had no option. After Shafer’s international embarrassment against Saudi Arabia, no one in the democratic world, also France, would pursue a diplomatic friendship. However, Saudi Arabia had one tool yet to exploit: Mother of All Settlements, Makkah al-Mukarramah.

Never one can assume that Mecca has nothing related to Islam; Mecca is the birthplace of Islam. As the city of Muhammad itself, Mecca holds the Kaaba, the holiest site in Islam. All Muslim’s qibla directed towards this city. On account of the city’s importance, the contribute everything towards the Muslim world. In addition to the city’s crucial status in the Muslim society, that said city also had its appeal, the Islamic hajj rituals. Annually, the city programmed a mass pilgrimage in the historical sites of Mecca for religious necessities. Saudi Arabia had a lower influx after the political embargo happened in the 70s, the king attempted to revert the situation. Supporting it, King Khalid of Saudi Arabia determined to organize an Islamic Organization for religious purposes. He invited all Islam-majority countries to the discussion that he would hold in Mecca on 17th September 1983. As delegations from Indonesia, President Subandrio would appoint Sultan Hamengkuwono IX and Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III, to participate in the hearings. Three days before the discussion, both sultans would arrive in Mecca.

The Mecca Conference was held in that 17th of September. Delegations of nearly all Muslim-majority countries, even including rivals of Saudi Arabia, arrived at the city with a noble cause. Even delegations from UASR and Nigeria arrived. Other non-national delegates, like French Muslims in Africa, also present. The only nations which were absent were Pakistan and Chad, both had civil wars with conflicting enemies that the conference would not dare to invite. The first day, the delegates of the Muslim world had agreed on one time, establishing the Organization of Islamic Solidarity, or the OIS.

The establishment of the OIS did change the events in the Middle East. Because of it, Saudi Arabia had become a universal beacon of the Islamic World. After the creation in 17th of September, nations had directly proposed themselves for membership. The first member was, ironically, Saudi’s archrival United Arab Socialist Republics. Iran and the GSI also sought membership. African nations also starting to join. In Indonesia, the membership question must be asked towards the MPR, according to the 1973 Constitution. The two delegations of the Mecca Conference thought that Indonesia would gladly accept the OIS membership. How wrong they were when the debate proceeded on the 8th of October, 1983.

The session concerning the membership of OIS began at 8.00 in the morning. The MPR had become comprehensive, the DPR on the further, more seats while the DPD on the central, lesser seats. PPP Representative from Jakarta Adam Malik expressed a fair monologue about the benefits of OIS. He said that OIS would improve our struggle on the first principles of Pancasila. The organization would also increase friendship towards other nations, especially on the Muslim World. With a slight addition, he continued that the OIS would invite us into more friends in Africa, giving an attachment for Malik’s Non-Align Movement dream. The opposition, PPI Senator for Majapahit State Guntur Sukarnoputra, gave one of the exhilarating and controversial speeches of the decade.

My dear friends from all of Indonesia. The OIS membership would not portray us as a Pancasila-ist nation that we all proud of. The OIS memberships would portray Indonesia as a Muslim nation. Even when my father signed the independence in 1945, Indonesia is not a religious state, yet an Islamic state. Indonesia is a nation of diversity, a nation of richness. Although we believe in God, we are not a religious state. The entrance of the OIS would be Indonesia’s greatest mistake, because it would not strengthen the first principle of Pancasila, but will break the third principle of Pancasila. The PPI party had agreed that Indonesia must decline the membership towards OIS.

Guntur Sukarnoputra enunciated his reasons with clear and precise accounts. Indonesia just appended Madagascar, the largest animist region in the world, under Indonesia’s sovereignty. The idea of believing in God truly depends on one’s viewpoint. Some politicians even considered Madagascar as a cynic region and progressed to propose a massive conversion campaign on the island. Let alone the small yet significant Jewish presence in Madagascar. The idea of admitting OIS would increase Islamic radicalism in Indonesia. The MPR resulted in a staggering 500 nays for OIS membership. It seemed that even some PPP members also voted nay for the OIS membership. Saudi Arabia immediately expressed disappointment towards Indonesia, with reducing the quota for hajj migrants in favour of OIS members. Still, the people of Indonesia were insouciant of this matter, they were focused on developing the nation. The royal families, however, were anxious.

Sultan Hamengkubuwono, with Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III, campaigned for Indonesian citizens to urge the government to accept the suspended OIS invitation. Several ulama and Habib, especially from the PUI party, supported this campaign with their preaches in mosques and pesantren. But then, this campaign was foully spat by another royal kingdom, Sultan Iskandar of Johor. Sultan Iskandar wholly denounced the acts of Sultan Hamengkubuwono and Sultan Omar, stating that Indonesia ‘was not entirely Muslim’ and ‘would not be force into Muslim organizations’. The Sultanate of Perak, under Sultan Idris II of Perak, also supported Sultan of Johor’s opinion about this interest.

Soon, the battle became not a political resolution between OIS membership, but a royal vendetta between kingdoms. Sultan of Solo and Banjar remained neutral on their stances of the OIS membership. But after Sultan Hamid III, the Sultanate of Pontianak, proclaim his support to Sultan Hamengkubuwono, Banjar Sultanate entered on the opposing side. The illegitimate Sultan of Aceh also helped Hamengkubuwono’s cause, also with smaller Cirebon and Tidore royals. With the arrival of Pontianak and Banjar on a conflicting side, riots and provocative efforts soon erupt. The political dispute expanded into racial ones when Sultanate of Brunei announced his Bruneian people to not visit the regions that in dispute with the King. Banjar, in particular, felt very insulted in this manner, and start to provoke unrest on Bruneian and Dayak places. More tension erupts in Singapore in December 1983. Sultan of Brunei was having a negotiation with the foreign minister of Japan regarding oil investment efforts, and the Subandrio Cabinet choose Singapore as their meeting place. Johor had a great influence in Singapore Malays and considered informal Malay leaders. Brunei received dark faces from Singapore Malays and was even threatened.

The other effects of this were the weakening of the PPP. With Malacca Faction currently in power, LKY had given difficulties on gaining party support outside of Malaya. The PRD supported Jogjakarta, which also stated the rumours about PPP-PRD split. Moreover, Adam Malik also supported Jogjakarta. LKY was put under a tight spot, being a Malayan under a party which supported Jogjakarta. Furthermore, his attitude on not answering OIS-related questions gave him a wrong perspective, making him more of a Johor supporter. However, the spark for this feud finally begins, when the past fights emerged once more, this time with new reasons. Another riot happened on the border between Dayak and Banjar. The OIS membership dispute worsened after the riot and even incited infighting between Malay and Java on behalf of Johor and Yogyakarta respectively. In 4th January of 1984, just days after the new year, the city of Palangkaraya entered into yet another chapter of racial riots.

===================================

Sultan Hamid III is Prince Alkadrie. Sultan Omar did not abdicate as OTL. King or Sultan Khalid didn't suffer a heart attack as OTL. In summary, Subandrio's years of an attempt to deflect any religious matters really started to backfire slowly.
 
East Asian Community Part 7: BUMN and the Age of Economic Miracle
Zaman Ekonomi Mawar: Indonesia’s Age of Economic Miracle

The government of Indonesia during the 70s was a financial-derived one. Nearly all quarters of the government were aimed at one thing, sustaining a better economy for the nation of Indonesia. BUMN had become the greatest achievement of the decade, contributing almost 70% of the budgetary revenue of Indonesia. The BUMN itself had only seven businesses with different areas. The first and the most profitable of all was Perusahaan Karet Nasional.

Officially outdoing Pertamina by August 1983, Perkanas was the largest and richest company in Indonesia. Perkanas main products were crude rubber, but the company was stirring towards manufacturing processed rubber into tires and other goods. Perkanas had gone public in 1973, also holding the largest share in Jakarta Stock Exchange. Perkanas owned almost half a million employees, most of them work at the farming sector.

Perkanas was also the largest plantation company in Indonesia and the largest rubber plantation organisation in Southeast Asia. It consisted of small local rubber plantations which offered themselves to work with the government. It monopolized the rubber economy of South East Asia and had become a major patron in the world’s rubber economy. However, some Western nations had shifted into synthetic rubber, which undermined Perkanas influence in rubber economics. Because of that, CEO of Perkanan Tantowi Kurniawaan urged the company to shift faster to industrialize the company. Perkanas’ main production located in the Western Indonesia Region, specifically on Java, Malayan and Sumatran area.

Perkanas’ raw industry initiated various local elites to establish processed rubber factories, with the assist from the company itself. Perkanas gave subsidies and five-year partnership for any entrepreneurs who would build rubber manufactories. In 1975, a group of bourgeois families from Surabaya had bought almost 30 hectares of land for an industrial complex. Located near Sidoardjo itself, the location advantage is the town has toll access. However, in the recent progress, some entrepreneurs opted to live in cities of the plantation’s area and constructed the factory there. As a result, small towns like Banyuwangi, Kedah and Pekanbaru, all evolved into a city hub for these rubber complexes.

Coming towards the 1980s, rubber industry in Western Indonesia Region was at its peak throughout history. Yet, the society was not interested in building there anymore, because there was another fertile land for rubber, Southwest Papua, that Indonesia recently realized. After the Herman Brothers founded the Herman Papuan Plantation in 1978, the siblings were shocked at how productive rubber can be in Kota Mappi, in the estuary of Digul River. Around 150% comparing to the Javanese rubber productivity, Herman Brothers’ success intrigued more entrepreneurs coming towards the Land of Thousand Cultures.

The second-largest was the child of Trihandoko itself, Pertamina. The oil economy which fluctuated around the events in the Middle East coerce the world to prepare alternative means. When the UASR and the Middle East embargo the United States after a series of a diplomatic disaster, the nation had requested allies to trade more. That strengthened Iran’s importance in oil trade for the Americans, and relatively invested in Indonesia’s decent oil reserves. Since 1980, the United States has funded oil rigs project all across Indonesia.

Despite the plenty of investment that flowed into Pertamina, the company’s greatest strength is also its greatest weakness. The investment of the American government into Indonesia oil forced Subandrio to relent several of the oil drills to be directly administered by American companies. Although the president promised for nationalization, that cause was eventually dismissed as threats of stopping the investment was very unappealing for the government. Mere 35% of the total oil blocks were owned by Pertamina, while 30% was owned by Pertamina with foreign influence, and the rest commanded by American oil enterprises like Chevron.

Pertambara was the national corporation in the coal sector. Coal was relatively the second-highest profitable commodity in Indonesia’s economy, yet Pertambara remained the third largest with reasons similar to Pertamina; competition. The coal industry was partly nationalized by LKY because local enterprises had already developed their industry. Large groups in Southern Sumatra and Kalimantan had traditionally owned their coal mine, sometimes older than Indonesia itself. Some of these people, unlike those in Perkanas, were reluctant to cooperate with the government, and instead, maintain their private companies.

Indopalm was the fourth most profitable national corporation, which held the palm oil sector. Unlike crude oil, palm oil was used for food consumption. The plantations located at Sumatra, Malaya and Kalimantan. Rather than the other three, Indopalm cooperates with conglomerates to processed their raw palm oil production. Therefore, despite being the fourth most profitable, palm oil was the largest commodity traded in Indonesia.

Pelni was the fifth in the most profitable. Pelni was the national cargo company that directed national non-military ships for goods. Founded in 1952, Pelni would expand massively due to Indonesia’s archipelagic geography. However, since the rise of aeroplane enterprises, Pelni had a loss in a high-class ship towards long journeys. Still, Pelni thrived in transporting cargo across Indonesia, and the most profitable would be Java to Papua and Java to Madagascar. Pelni also held the monopoly in strait ferries, and other cruise travels.

Perserikatan Pelabuhan Distrik Indonesia or PPDI was the newest form of BUMN that was established in 1979. This enterprise was a federation of four most active ports; Jakarta, Singapore, Jayapura and Toliara. These four ports, Singapore in particular, stood the weight for profiting from international trade. Singapore was preserved by Subandrio to stay as a world port, with Batam was constructed to ease the traffic. Toliara was being expanded starting from 1983, to accommodate civilian vessels that came from South Africa, to replace the Cape. As most pro-American vessels were exposed to hostile nation passing the Suez Canal, America had attempted to start bypassing the Suez entirely and find other alternate means. The first one, quite a habit from the Old World, was shipping from South Africa. The other, more breakthrough means, was not crossing the Atlantic, but going through the Pacific.

Angkasa Pura was the seventh most profitable company. Most of the profit came from Garuda Indonesia and other international airlines which flew to Indonesia. the company itself was split into two in 1980, officially becoming Angkasa Pura I and Angkasa Pura II. Angkasa Pura I owned airports on the east of Bali, while Angkasa Pura II owned the West of Bali. As aeroplane travel kept rising with Indonesia’s geographical condition, Angkasa Pura was forced to expand also in airport capacity and frequency.

The other three, not quite profitable in the meanwhile, was Nurtanio Aerospace Company, which was currently headed by BJ Habibie. Nurtanio would suffer difficulties on making planes, as they could not understand jet propulsion back then, and stayed on propeller-based aeroplanes. Garuda Indonesia, the largest airline in Indonesia. finally, the last and the least of them all was Indochemical.

The ten enterprises would come as an initial move for Indonesia’s economic miracle. As privatization was partly allowed in LKY’s premiership, a steady trend of growth kept happening in Indonesia. As islands like Papua and Madagascar industrialized, they too have started to being incorporated by Indonesia. The society’s prosperity also increased, and poverty was reduced to nearly 10%, the highest so far in Indonesian history.

Private life for average Indonesia had grown so great from the war-time 1960s. The growth Indonesia had was so fast that even other nations like India and Iran partly envied the growth. Meritocracy of the bureaucrats, serious means of improving the lives of the common, and the stern posture of LKY’s premiership had helped the government to acquire what the previous government had never done; the economic boom in Indonesia.

Yet, despite the economic advantage the government had, this government also came up with serious flaws. The most notable of which, was the fracturing of the coalition itself.

=======================================================
The next chapter, as said, would see the Coalition tries to break up. Try to guess who.
 
Zaman Ekonomi Mawar: Indonesia’s Age of Economic Miracle

The government of Indonesia during the 70s was a financial-derived one. Nearly all quarters of the government were aimed at one thing, sustaining a better economy for the nation of Indonesia. BUMN had become the greatest achievement of the decade, contributing almost 70% of the budgetary revenue of Indonesia. The BUMN itself had only seven businesses with different areas. The first and the most profitable of all was Perusahaan Karet Nasional.

Officially outdoing Pertamina by August 1983, Perkanas was the largest and richest company in Indonesia. Perkanas main products were crude rubber, but the company was stirring towards manufacturing processed rubber into tires and other goods. Perkanas had gone public in 1973, also holding the largest share in Jakarta Stock Exchange. Perkanas owned almost half a million employees, most of them work at the farming sector.

Perkanas was also the largest plantation company in Indonesia and the largest rubber plantation organisation in Southeast Asia. It consisted of small local rubber plantations which offered themselves to work with the government. It monopolized the rubber economy of South East Asia and had become a major patron in the world’s rubber economy. However, some Western nations had shifted into synthetic rubber, which undermined Perkanas influence in rubber economics. Because of that, CEO of Perkanan Tantowi Kurniawaan urged the company to shift faster to industrialize the company. Perkanas’ main production located in the Western Indonesia Region, specifically on Java, Malayan and Sumatran area.

Perkanas’ raw industry initiated various local elites to establish processed rubber factories, with the assist from the company itself. Perkanas gave subsidies and five-year partnership for any entrepreneurs who would build rubber manufactories. In 1975, a group of bourgeois families from Surabaya had bought almost 30 hectares of land for an industrial complex. Located near Sidoardjo itself, the location advantage is the town has toll access. However, in the recent progress, some entrepreneurs opted to live in cities of the plantation’s area and constructed the factory there. As a result, small towns like Banyuwangi, Kedah and Pekanbaru, all evolved into a city hub for these rubber complexes.

Coming towards the 1980s, rubber industry in Western Indonesia Region was at its peak throughout history. Yet, the society was not interested in building there anymore, because there was another fertile land for rubber, Southwest Papua, that Indonesia recently realized. After the Herman Brothers founded the Herman Papuan Plantation in 1978, the siblings were shocked at how productive rubber can be in Kota Mappi, in the estuary of Digul River. Around 150% comparing to the Javanese rubber productivity, Herman Brothers’ success intrigued more entrepreneurs coming towards the Land of Thousand Cultures.

The second-largest was the child of Trihandoko itself, Pertamina. The oil economy which fluctuated around the events in the Middle East coerce the world to prepare alternative means. When the UASR and the Middle East embargo the United States after a series of a diplomatic disaster, the nation had requested allies to trade more. That strengthened Iran’s importance in oil trade for the Americans, and relatively invested in Indonesia’s decent oil reserves. Since 1980, the United States has funded oil rigs project all across Indonesia.

Despite the plenty of investment that flowed into Pertamina, the company’s greatest strength is also its greatest weakness. The investment of the American government into Indonesia oil forced Subandrio to relent several of the oil drills to be directly administered by American companies. Although the president promised for nationalization, that cause was eventually dismissed as threats of stopping the investment was very unappealing for the government. Mere 35% of the total oil blocks were owned by Pertamina, while 30% was owned by Pertamina with foreign influence, and the rest commanded by American oil enterprises like Chevron.

Pertambara was the national corporation in the coal sector. Coal was relatively the second-highest profitable commodity in Indonesia’s economy, yet Pertambara remained the third largest with reasons similar to Pertamina; competition. The coal industry was partly nationalized by LKY because local enterprises had already developed their industry. Large groups in Southern Sumatra and Kalimantan had traditionally owned their coal mine, sometimes older than Indonesia itself. Some of these people, unlike those in Perkanas, were reluctant to cooperate with the government, and instead, maintain their private companies.

Indopalm was the fourth most profitable national corporation, which held the palm oil sector. Unlike crude oil, palm oil was used for food consumption. The plantations located at Sumatra, Malaya and Kalimantan. Rather than the other three, Indopalm cooperates with conglomerates to processed their raw palm oil production. Therefore, despite being the fourth most profitable, palm oil was the largest commodity traded in Indonesia.

Pelni was the fifth in the most profitable. Pelni was the national cargo company that directed national non-military ships for goods. Founded in 1952, Pelni would expand massively due to Indonesia’s archipelagic geography. However, since the rise of aeroplane enterprises, Pelni had a loss in a high-class ship towards long journeys. Still, Pelni thrived in transporting cargo across Indonesia, and the most profitable would be Java to Papua and Java to Madagascar. Pelni also held the monopoly in strait ferries, and other cruise travels.

Perserikatan Pelabuhan Distrik Indonesia or PPDI was the newest form of BUMN that was established in 1979. This enterprise was a federation of four most active ports; Jakarta, Singapore, Jayapura and Toliara. These four ports, Singapore in particular, stood the weight for profiting from international trade. Singapore was preserved by Subandrio to stay as a world port, with Batam was constructed to ease the traffic. Toliara was being expanded starting from 1983, to accommodate civilian vessels that came from South Africa, to replace the Cape. As most pro-American vessels were exposed to hostile nation passing the Suez Canal, America had attempted to start bypassing the Suez entirely and find other alternate means. The first one, quite a habit from the Old World, was shipping from South Africa. The other, more breakthrough means, was not crossing the Atlantic, but going through the Pacific.

Angkasa Pura was the seventh most profitable company. Most of the profit came from Garuda Indonesia and other international airlines which flew to Indonesia. the company itself was split into two in 1980, officially becoming Angkasa Pura I and Angkasa Pura II. Angkasa Pura I owned airports on the east of Bali, while Angkasa Pura II owned the West of Bali. As aeroplane travel kept rising with Indonesia’s geographical condition, Angkasa Pura was forced to expand also in airport capacity and frequency.

The other three, not quite profitable in the meanwhile, was Nurtanio Aerospace Company, which was currently headed by BJ Habibie. Nurtanio would suffer difficulties on making planes, as they could not understand jet propulsion back then, and stayed on propeller-based aeroplanes. Garuda Indonesia, the largest airline in Indonesia. finally, the last and the least of them all was Indochemical.

The ten enterprises would come as an initial move for Indonesia’s economic miracle. As privatization was partly allowed in LKY’s premiership, a steady trend of growth kept happening in Indonesia. As islands like Papua and Madagascar industrialized, they too have started to being incorporated by Indonesia. The society’s prosperity also increased, and poverty was reduced to nearly 10%, the highest so far in Indonesian history.

Private life for average Indonesia had grown so great from the war-time 1960s. The growth Indonesia had was so fast that even other nations like India and Iran partly envied the growth. Meritocracy of the bureaucrats, serious means of improving the lives of the common, and the stern posture of LKY’s premiership had helped the government to acquire what the previous government had never done; the economic boom in Indonesia.

Yet, despite the economic advantage the government had, this government also came up with serious flaws. The most notable of which, was the fracturing of the coalition itself.

=======================================================
The next chapter, as said, would see the Coalition tries to break up. Try to guess who.
I wonder will perkanas be those corporation that is rich in certain period of times (in this case the 80s) but be broke or unsuccesfull in their latter year due to bad management or horrible marketing/innovation (can you gave us a hint about the future of these company will some stay like the present day pertamina or will some be bankrupt)

And about the coalition hmm maybe the getman due to you mentioning the betrayal of germany towards denamrk or perhaps the uk south african allience btw what happen to the swiss
 
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