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The Roaring 80s Part 9: Maritime SEA
Spratly League Nations

The world was teetering on a three-weigh-scale among three hegemons. The US and the USSR as part of the classical rivals since the end of WW2, the battle tensed with France as the ‘new order’. Indonesia before was the fore-runner of Third-World Leaders, but America’s bond may entice Indonesia as a first world state. Truthfully, Indonesia’s growth, especially on the 80s, was speeding quick, and it seemed that it would surpass Japan in the near future. Indonesia’s closest allies were her closest neighbour, Vietnam and the Philippines. Involved in pacts like SEATO and Spratly League, these maritime neighbours were close associates of Indonesia.

Philippine’s is a unitary constitutional presidency republic. After Japan surrendered, President Elpidio Quirino ruled the nation as formerly a Nacionalista member, a nationalist party in the Philippines. However, he switched into Liberal and pushed a more liberal economic approach, also with more ties with former colonizer the United States. His greatest achievements, however, were the crushing a Hukbalahap Rebellion, a communist rebellion, and moved Philippine’s capital city to Quezon City. His administration ended roughly as the Nacionalista managed to oust him.

The next President, Fernando López, rose in the presidency in 1953. He saw that Philippine’s liberal policy had devalued the currency more than it should, giving the nation totally weakened against foreign monopolies. He enacted the Filipino First Policy, a manifesto to promote national businessman to thrive. Also with the Austerity Program, where he increased tax and reduce budget spending. This effect, unfortunately, caused the otherwise, which was a massive economic downturn. Many businesses, instead of growing, announced their bankruptcy. He later was impeached by the Parliament.

Emmanuel Pelaez was his successor. Starting at 1957, he and his Liberal folks pushed for liberal reforms and devalued the Peso. He was also an anti-corruption person, therefore cleaning up alleged corrupt politicians to jail or revoke their rights. He also started to claim North Borneo, which was at that time owned by British Malaya. The region is also known as Sabah was a part of Sulu Sultanate, which was an integral part of the Philippines. He supported Indonesia during the Australian Aggression by helping North Borneo rebel with Indonesia's side. He, sadly, died during a visit to Indochina in 1962.

Diosdado Macapagal Sr. replaced Pelaez after his death. He enacted more economic reforms, and continuing Pelaez policies. He, however, did not relinquish claims on North Borneo, which Indonesia had acquired it from war. He confronted with Indonesia by not denouncing its claims but later got overthrown with yet another Nacionalista government, this time Ferdinand Marcos.

Ferdinand Marcos was a military officer, therefore Nasution gave him Indonesia's support into the presidency. He enacted the martial law, which he deemed that the Philippines was instable due to rapid government changes. He also found out several rebellions starting to rise. He also promoted anti-communist laws, therefore killing off any further Soviet or Chinese attempts on infiltrating the Philippines. He was a pro-US, which shaped most of his presidency. In his administration, the Philippines also joined SEATO and Spratly League, also denouncing their claims on North Borneo. Yet, his presidency was full of corruption and nepotism, and he fell because a famous Aquino candidacy challenged the government in 1978.

In 1978, the electorate voted in favour of Aquino's presidency. In a liberal stance, Benigno Aquino was actually similar to Subandrio in terms of domestic policy, balancing between foreign investments and boosting domestic corporations. He opened the economy of once were protectionist policy, although not as successful as it hoped. However, his recent friendship with LLY improved the once-troubled relations between the two nations. This improvement was assisted with the appointment of a Filipino as head of both SEATO and Spratly League, a position usually commanded by Indonesian diplomats.

In the other side of the South China Sea, South Indochina had just survived the Indochina War. Ngô Đình Diệm had become the ruling President of South Indochina. He impelled the people for democratic elections, which by the constitution should be held every five years, and he struggled for an Indochina unification campaign. His presidency lasted for 10 years, and mostly he was called as ‘Father of South Vietnam’, which later became famous for its democracy inside a tensed battleground. In 1967, he altered the Constitution of South Indochina, changing from a parliamentary democracy to a presidential one, because he noticed that parliamentary democracy meandered with useless debates, stalling national progress. He also programmed a national reconstruction, which he adopted from Indonesia’s success. Indeed, by his end of a presidency, South Indochina had rebuilt itself into a formidable nation.

Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ was his substitute from 1970. He announced a campaign against North Indochina. The first border clash was successful for South Indochina and pushed the border further North. He became so popular that in the next border clash, the entire population rallied for him. Notwithstanding the expectation, South Indochina was outflanked by Thai Aggression, which cost Indochina the entirety of their Western Border, leaving them as Vietnam only. His popularity dropped instanter, and he later was overthrown by a military coup.

Nguyễn Văn Thiệu was the general from the Indochinese campaign. As Ngọc Thơ’s popularity dropped, Nguyễn Văn Thiệu used this as his opportunity to stabilize the nation from such a humiliating defeat. He planned the President’s disposition from its lack of immediate measures. He overthrew the government in 1976 and established a military junta. He expanded the military so to revenge the scornful loss South Indochina had suffered. He also enacted similar policies with Korea. To accomplish all of these, Văn Thiệu contacted with SEATO for additional assistance, and also supported Spratly’s economic deals.

==========================​

The Philippines is technically now pro-Indonesia, and South Vietnam is planning their revenge towards Thailand. This would be the last chapter about situations abroad, and we would return into events in Indonesia itself. Another short update. I also add a FIFA World Cup records with the Olympics.


FIFA World Cup (pre-1950 is as OTL)

Year; Host Country; Winner; Runner-Up; Final Match Score

1950; Brazil; Uruguay; Brazil; 4-2
1954; Switzerland; West Germany; England; 2-0
1958; Argentina; Brazil; France; 4-1
1962; Chile; Hungary; Chile; 1-0
1966; Italy; Germany; the Soviet Union; 5-1
1970; Japan; Brazil; England; 3-0
1974; England; England; Uruguay; 2-1
1978; Brazil; Argentina; Netherlands; 2-0
1982; the United States; France; Italy; 4-3



Olympics (Summer and Winter)

Year; Summer Host City; Winter Host City; (Summer Medal Count 1,2,3); (Winter Medal Count 1,2,3)

1948; London, UK; St.Moritz, Switzerland; (The US, France, Sweden); (Sweden, Norway, Switzerland)
1952; Oslo, Norway; Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy; (Norway, Finland, the US); (Italy, Norway, the US)
1956; Los Angeles, the US; Lake Placid, the US; (the US, Sweden, Hungary); (the US, Austria, Switzerland)
1960; Buenos Aires, Argentina; St. Moritz, Switzerland; (the Soviet Union, the US, Norway); (Switzerland, Soviet Union, the US)
1964; Lausanne, Switzerland; Lahti, Finland; (the Soviet Union, the US, Germany); (Soviet Union, Finland, Sweden)
1968; Tokyo, Japan; Sapporo, Japan; (the US, Soviet Union, Japan); (Sweden, Norway, Japan)
1972; Bogota, Colombia; Salt Lake City, the US; (the US, the Soviet Union, Hungary); (the US, Germany, Soviet Union)
1976; Munich, Germany; Innsbruck, Germany; (Soviet Union, Germany, the US); (Germany, the US, Soviet Union)
1980; Moscow, Soviet Union; Sofia, Bulgaria; (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, China); (Soviet Union, Germany, the US)
 
Last edited:
Spratly League Nations

The world was teetering on a three-weigh-scale among three hegemons. The US and the USSR as part of the classical rivals since the end of WW2, the battle tensed with France as the ‘new order’. Indonesia before was the fore-runner of Third-World Leaders, but America’s bond may entice Indonesia as a first world state. Truthfully, Indonesia’s growth, especially on the 80s, was speeding quick, and it seemed that it would surpass Japan in the near future. Indonesia’s closest allies were her closest neighbour, Vietnam and the Philippines. Involved in pacts like SEATO and Spratly League, these maritime neighbours were close associates of Indonesia.

Philippine’s is a unitary constitutional presidency republic. After Japan surrendered, President Elpidio Quirino ruled the nation as formerly a Nacionalista member, a nationalist party in the Philippines. However, he switched into Liberal and pushed a more liberal economic approach, also with more ties with former colonizer the United States. His greatest achievements, however, were the crushing a Hukbalahap Rebellion, a communist rebellion, and moved Philippine’s capital city to Quezon City. His administration ended roughly as the Nacionalista managed to oust him.

The next President, Fernando López, rose in the presidency in 1953. He saw that Philippine’s liberal policy had devalued the currency more than it should, giving the nation totally weakened against foreign monopolies. He enacted the Filipino First Policy, a manifesto to promote national businessman to thrive. Also with the Austerity Program, where he increased tax and reduce budget spending. This effect, unfortunately, caused the otherwise, which was a massive economic downturn. Many businesses, instead of growing, announced their bankruptcy. He later was impeached by the Parliament.

Emmanuel Pelaez was his successor. Starting at 1957, he and his Liberal folks pushed for liberal reforms and devalued the Peso. He was also an anti-corruption person, therefore cleaning up alleged corrupt politicians to jail or revoke their rights. He also started to claim North Borneo, which was at that time owned by British Malaya. The region is also known as Sabah was a part of Sulu Sultanate, which was an integral part of the Philippines. He supported Indonesia during the Australian Aggression by helping North Borneo rebel with Indonesia's side. He, sadly, died during a visit to Indochina in 1962.

Diosdado Macapagal Sr. replaced Pelaez after his death. He enacted more economic reforms, and continuing Pelaez policies. He, however, did not relinquish claims on North Borneo, which Indonesia had acquired it from war. He confronted with Indonesia by not denouncing its claims but later got overthrown with yet another Nacionalista government, this time Ferdinand Marcos.

Ferdinand Marcos was a military officer, therefore Nasution gave him Indonesia's support into the presidency. He enacted the martial law, which he deemed that the Philippines was instable due to rapid government changes. He also found out several rebellions starting to rise. He also promoted anti-communist laws, therefore killing off any further Soviet or Chinese attempts on infiltrating the Philippines. He was a pro-US, which shaped most of his presidency. In his administration, the Philippines also joined SEATO and Spratly League, also denouncing their claims on North Borneo. Yet, his presidency was full of corruption and nepotism, and he fell because a famous Aquino candidacy challenged the government in 1978.

In 1978, the electorate voted in favour of Aquino's presidency. In a liberal stance, Benigno Aquino was actually similar to Subandrio in terms of domestic policy, balancing between foreign investments and boosting domestic corporations. He opened the economy of once were protectionist policy, although not as successful as it hoped. However, his recent friendship with LLY improved the once-troubled relations between the two nations. This improvement was assisted with the appointment of a Filipino as head of both SEATO and Spratly League, a position usually commanded by Indonesian diplomats.

In the other side of the South China Sea, South Indochina had just survived the Indochina War. Ngô Đình Diệm had become the ruling President of South Indochina. He impelled the people for democratic elections, which by the constitution should be held every five years, and he struggled for an Indochina unification campaign. His presidency lasted for 10 years, and mostly he was called as ‘Father of South Vietnam’, which later became famous for its democracy inside a tensed battleground. In 1967, he altered the Constitution of South Indochina, changing from a parliamentary democracy to a presidential one, because he noticed that parliamentary democracy meandered with useless debates, stalling national progress. He also programmed a national reconstruction, which he adopted from Indonesia’s success. Indeed, by his end of a presidency, South Indochina had rebuilt itself into a formidable nation.

Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ was his substitute from 1970. He announced a campaign against North Indochina. The first border clash was successful for South Indochina and pushed the border further North. He became so popular that in the next border clash, the entire population rallied for him. Notwithstanding the expectation, South Indochina was outflanked by Thai Aggression, which cost Indochina the entirety of their Western Border, leaving them as Vietnam only. His popularity dropped instanter, and he later was overthrown by a military coup.

Nguyễn Văn Thiệu was the general from the Indochinese campaign. As Ngọc Thơ’s popularity dropped, Nguyễn Văn Thiệu used this as his opportunity to stabilize the nation from such a humiliating defeat. He planned the President’s disposition from its lack of immediate measures. He overthrew the government in 1976 and established a military junta. He expanded the military so to revenge the scornful loss South Indochina had suffered. He also enacted similar policies with Korea. To accomplish all of these, Văn Thiệu contacted with SEATO for additional assistance, and also supported Spratly’s economic deals.

==========================​

The Philippines is technically now pro-Indonesia, and South Vietnam is planning their revenge towards Thailand. This would be the last chapter about situations abroad, and we would return into events in Indonesia itself. Another short update. I also add a FIFA World Cup records with the Olympics.


FIFA World Cup (pre-1950 is as OTL)

Year; Host Country; Winner; Runner-Up; Final Match Score

1950; Brazil; Uruguay; Brazil; 4-2
1954; Switzerland; West Germany; England; 2-0
1958; Argentina; Brazil; France; 4-1
1962; Chile; Hungary; Chile; 1-0
1966; Italy; Germany; the Soviet Union; 5-1
1970; Japan; Brazil; England; 3-0
1974; England; England; Uruguay; 2-1
1978; Brazil; Argentina; Netherlands; 2-0
1982; the United States; France; Italy; 4-3



Olympics (Summer and Winter)

Year; Summer Host City; Winter Host City; (Summer Medal Count 1,2,3); (Winter Medal Count 1,2,3)

1948; London, UK; St.Moritz, Switzerland; (The US, France, Sweden); (Sweden, Norway, Switzerland)
1952; Oslo, Norway; Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy; (Norway, Finland, the US); (Italy, Norway, the US)
1956; Los Angeles, the US; Lake Placid, the US; (the US, Sweden, Hungary); (the US, Austria, Switzerland)
1960; Buenos Aires, Argentina; St. Moritz, Switzerland; (the Soviet Union, the US, Norway); (Switzerland, Soviet Union, the US)
1964; Lausanne, Switzerland; Lahti, Finland; (the Soviet Union, the US, Germany); (Soviet Union, Finland, Sweden)
1968; Tokyo, Japan; Sapporo, Japan; (the US, Soviet Union, Japan); (Sweden, Norway, Japan)
1972; Bogota, Colombia; Salt Lake City, the US; (the US, the Soviet Union, Hungary); (the US, Germany, Soviet Union)
1976; Munich, Germany; Innsbruck, Germany; (Soviet Union, Germany, the US); (Germany, the US, Soviet Union)
1980; Moscow, Soviet Union; Sofia, Bulgaria; (Soviet Union, Bulgaria, China); (Soviet Union, Germany, the US)
What about cambodia ittl?
 
Cambodia is somewhat a Thai puppet, therefore not inside the Spratly League.
Somewhat? What do you mean does this mean there a rift in the goverment between the non thai supporter (i suppose the monarchy if thailand had gone commie i really forgot about thailand lol) and the pro thai one (socialist?) And also what is the situation in north vietnam
 
Somewhat? What do you mean does this mean there a rift in the goverment between the non thai supporter (i suppose the monarchy if thailand had gone commie i really forgot about thailand lol) and the pro thai one (socialist?) And also what is the situation in north vietnam
Thailand never went communist, it's a military junta that was pro-China. SEA politics never restricts itself inside ideologies. You can have a military regime supporting the communist government, and vice versa. I am planning for maybe an instability in the region. North Vietnam is like North Korea OTL.
 
Thailand never went communist, it's a military junta that was pro-China. SEA politics never restricts itself inside ideologies. You can have a military regime supporting the communist government, and vice versa. I am planning for maybe an instability in the region. North Vietnam is like North Korea OTL.
Separatism? Btw what happened to the thai monarchy
 
The Roaring 80s Part 10: Subandrio's First Term as President
First Presidential Term of Subandrio

Subandrio finally returned to his forte after the 1978 Election. Finally governed to convey in foreign matters, Subandrio enlisted several key points that he would enforce for the 80s. In his inauguration, however, he bluntly stated that Indonesia will be a nation of peace, not a nation of war. Interventions and military expeditions were reserved at the very last. This neutral status was criticized by most PNI-R politicians, as that would upset the United States. Nevertheless, Subandrio appeased the nation with several of his diplomatic moves.

The first policy was strengthening the bond between Spratly League nations. As it was already established in the Nasution presidency, Subandrio was keen on supporting the friendly relations with the two nations: The Philippines and South Vietnam. He planned on pushing for economic and social integration. He announced this as promoting the South East Asian brotherhood. He also wanted SEATO and Spratly League to be not just mere regional organization with no specific objectives, but with a unifying purpose; unify Austronesia.

subandrio_1.jpg

The Spratly League Headquarters in Kebayoran

His second policy was also a peaceful one, which reconciled with Europe. After the Australian Aggression, the people mostly either show discontent with European people or blatantly threw them out of the community. For several years, many European diasporas in Indonesia, notably Dutch and English, fled to isolated communities or sometimes left Indonesia-proper entirely. Thankfully, LKY’s blow in industrializing every corner of the nation gave them more places of refuge; Papua and Madagascar that would soon to be a thriving fresh region.

This policy, however, was met with fierce resistance from fellow Indonesian citizens, many of which were traumatized by wars in the past. After his ‘European Speech’ in 31st January 1979, many of Javanese war veterans expressed their disagreement, and immediately criticize the government of being too pro-Western. It was ironical that just the previous presidency, Nasution was condemned as Western-bootlickers by most PPP politicians, now the tides had turned. During May and June of 1979, several demonstrations regarding the European Speech happened in front of the MPR, which also erupted into chaos several times.

subandrio_2.jpg

Johny Indo and Mathias Muehus in a movie, depicting as a convict involved in the riots in 1979

The first chaos was caused by Islamist provocateurs. After the police had tried to disband the demonstrations which had extended their time beyond their limits, several youths attacked the police with stones, injured 5 people. The police immediately attacked the mob with force, suppressing all that was seen dangerous. This event was seen nationally as a start of police oppression, and most citizens started to vilify them. In before, it was the army that used to be loathed. Nonetheless, these demonstrations concentrated on high anti-Western population, like Bandung, Semarang and even Medan. Other cities, like Singapore, Walini City and Pontianak, shared a very comforting notion towards Westerners. In Friendly-European regions, like Papua and Madagascar, this type of demonstration was regarded as the opposition’s foul play on winning the upcoming election. Also, this demonstration was presented as a degrading factor for unity in Pancasila.

Despite that, Subandrio’s troubling policy was caused mainly by his latter stratagems. In 1st October 1970, he announced that Indonesia would be the defender of Pancasila, which bear democracy at its utmost consideration. Therefore, Indonesia must decry all authoritative regimes, and all of those unaligned with Pancasila’s ideology. He at first denounce the militaries regime in Thailand and Myanmar and all the atrocities that the two nations had done. He also attacked China’s Jiang Qing totalistic regime. This policy satisfied most people in Indonesia because it elevated the PPP and the government as an ardent protector of Pancasila

Even so, this policy was noticed by the educated youth as Subandrio’s hypocrisy. The fact was cemented with Subandrio’s endorsement with South American countries, most of which for cattle trade. Moreover, South Vietnam at that time was also a military dictatorship, a revanchist regime if some would say. This pushed forward more criticism against Subandrio, decrease the government’s credibility.

Subandrio’s counter-measure if these other failed is Iranian Friendship. Since 1980, Subandrio had seen Iran as the only stable democratic republic that its people held Islamic faith. In other nations, especially the Middle East, most nations were either barely survived from instability inside their nation, or a regime took control for most of the nation’s administration. UASR for example, the Socialist Party of Arab controlled the government in all aspects. But then, Saudi Arabia was more radical, even controlling its citizens’ clothes and families. Regarding defence, Subandrio planned to just borrow military personnel and equipment from the United States. As Carter would want America to maintain their peace, while still preserving their large military budget, Carter would offer condottieri to other allies that needed more military defence.

However, his initial policies changed dramatically when a crisis happened near Iran, exactly in Pakistan. In 1980, just months before the 1980 election in America was held, there was a bloody coup in Pakistan that overthrown their pro-Iran government, and pushed for a communist government. China allegedly was behind this, but fall short on enough evidence. To whatever extent, the United States must involve directly after the Hostage Crisis happened to kidnap several Americans from their embassy. That event instantly infuriated the pro-peace Carter and proceeded to launch a threat to Pakistan to release the hostage or total war.

subandrio_3.jpg

Communist Supporters burning the Star-Spangled Banner

This change of events completely shattered Subandrio’s foreign policy. What was supposedly a passive presidency must change into an aggressive one. Subandrio had to aid pro-democratic rebels in Pakistan to appease the Americans. Also to fulfil their ‘quota’, Indonesia must send a few volunteer divisions to Pakistan. In 1981, American forces, also with Iranian and SEATO troops landed in Karachi for fighting with the anti-communist insurgency. The fight for Pakistan had begun. The second half of Subandrio’s term was reverting all deeds that he had announced at the first half. From its pro-peace, pro-democracy standpoint, he altered his foreign policy into making friends at any ideology, except those who supported the current Pakistani rule.

Other policies he enacted was connecting with the United States in terms of trade. As trade was getting busier, Subandrio must secure routed to prevent their disruption. Indonesia’s Western route, which was the Pacific route, was uncontested. Meanwhile, Indonesia’s Western Route was surrounded by hostiles. The Suez was unfavourable to the United States, while South Africa embargoed Indonesia’s shipment to pass the Cape. It seemed that Indonesia must choose between the Suez or the Cape. With consideration, Subandrio eventually requested the United States to isolate the Cape, which they did on December 10th 1978.

On that day, multiple American warships entered the South African sea area. The Sixth Fleet formally moved its base to Madagascar that day, as before in Wilhelmshaven, Germany. The American Fleet requested the South Africans to stop their harassment towards Indonesian ships that passed the Cape. South Africa refused, saying that the nation can do whatever they want in the Cape. Therefore, American troops start arriving in Angola and Mozambique to establish pro-American governments. The liberation from the apartheid regime had begun.

subandrio_4.jpg

The Sixth Fleet to South Africa

For Indonesia to accept Subandrio’s change of policies, he quickly proposed the Federation Bill, promising the regional state to be granted more relaxation. Now, several states, like Majapahit and Pasundan, can promote Islamism with greater context. Also, he proclaimed the government as preceptor, not regulator.

Subandrio’s first term was full of flaws, but he managed to escape from it because the opposition was shattered. Especially with PNI-R on a political disorder.

===========================
Next up we would return to PNI-R.
 
First Presidential Term of Subandrio

Subandrio finally returned to his forte after the 1978 Election. Finally governed to convey in foreign matters, Subandrio enlisted several key points that he would enforce for the 80s. In his inauguration, however, he bluntly stated that Indonesia will be a nation of peace, not a nation of war. Interventions and military expeditions were reserved at the very last. This neutral status was criticized by most PNI-R politicians, as that would upset the United States. Nevertheless, Subandrio appeased the nation with several of his diplomatic moves.

The first policy was strengthening the bond between Spratly League nations. As it was already established in the Nasution presidency, Subandrio was keen on supporting the friendly relations with the two nations: The Philippines and South Vietnam. He planned on pushing for economic and social integration. He announced this as promoting the South East Asian brotherhood. He also wanted SEATO and Spratly League to be not just mere regional organization with no specific objectives, but with a unifying purpose; unify Austronesia.

View attachment 566888
The Spratly League Headquarters in Kebayoran

His second policy was also a peaceful one, which reconciled with Europe. After the Australian Aggression, the people mostly either show discontent with European people or blatantly threw them out of the community. For several years, many European diasporas in Indonesia, notably Dutch and English, fled to isolated communities or sometimes left Indonesia-proper entirely. Thankfully, LKY’s blow in industrializing every corner of the nation gave them more places of refuge; Papua and Madagascar that would soon to be a thriving fresh region.

This policy, however, was met with fierce resistance from fellow Indonesian citizens, many of which were traumatized by wars in the past. After his ‘European Speech’ in 31st January 1979, many of Javanese war veterans expressed their disagreement, and immediately criticize the government of being too pro-Western. It was ironical that just the previous presidency, Nasution was condemned as Western-bootlickers by most PPP politicians, now the tides had turned. During May and June of 1979, several demonstrations regarding the European Speech happened in front of the MPR, which also erupted into chaos several times.

View attachment 566887
Johny Indo and Mathias Muehus in a movie, depicting as a convict involved in the riots in 1979

The first chaos was caused by Islamist provocateurs. After the police had tried to disband the demonstrations which had extended their time beyond their limits, several youths attacked the police with stones, injured 5 people. The police immediately attacked the mob with force, suppressing all that was seen dangerous. This event was seen nationally as a start of police oppression, and most citizens started to vilify them. In before, it was the army that used to be loathed. Nonetheless, these demonstrations concentrated on high anti-Western population, like Bandung, Semarang and even Medan. Other cities, like Singapore, Walini City and Pontianak, shared a very comforting notion towards Westerners. In Friendly-European regions, like Papua and Madagascar, this type of demonstration was regarded as the opposition’s foul play on winning the upcoming election. Also, this demonstration was presented as a degrading factor for unity in Pancasila.

Despite that, Subandrio’s troubling policy was caused mainly by his latter stratagems. In 1st October 1970, he announced that Indonesia would be the defender of Pancasila, which bear democracy at its utmost consideration. Therefore, Indonesia must decry all authoritative regimes, and all of those unaligned with Pancasila’s ideology. He at first denounce the militaries regime in Thailand and Myanmar and all the atrocities that the two nations had done. He also attacked China’s Jiang Qing totalistic regime. This policy satisfied most people in Indonesia because it elevated the PPP and the government as an ardent protector of Pancasila

Even so, this policy was noticed by the educated youth as Subandrio’s hypocrisy. The fact was cemented with Subandrio’s endorsement with South American countries, most of which for cattle trade. Moreover, South Vietnam at that time was also a military dictatorship, a revanchist regime if some would say. This pushed forward more criticism against Subandrio, decrease the government’s credibility.

Subandrio’s counter-measure if these other failed is Iranian Friendship. Since 1980, Subandrio had seen Iran as the only stable democratic republic that its people held Islamic faith. In other nations, especially the Middle East, most nations were either barely survived from instability inside their nation, or a regime took control for most of the nation’s administration. UASR for example, the Socialist Party of Arab controlled the government in all aspects. But then, Saudi Arabia was more radical, even controlling its citizens’ clothes and families. Regarding defence, Subandrio planned to just borrow military personnel and equipment from the United States. As Carter would want America to maintain their peace, while still preserving their large military budget, Carter would offer condottieri to other allies that needed more military defence.

However, his initial policies changed dramatically when a crisis happened near Iran, exactly in Pakistan. In 1980, just months before the 1980 election in America was held, there was a bloody coup in Pakistan that overthrown their pro-Iran government, and pushed for a communist government. China allegedly was behind this, but fall short on enough evidence. To whatever extent, the United States must involve directly after the Hostage Crisis happened to kidnap several Americans from their embassy. That event instantly infuriated the pro-peace Carter and proceeded to launch a threat to Pakistan to release the hostage or total war.

View attachment 566886
Communist Supporters burning the Star-Spangled Banner

This change of events completely shattered Subandrio’s foreign policy. What was supposedly a passive presidency must change into an aggressive one. Subandrio had to aid pro-democratic rebels in Pakistan to appease the Americans. Also to fulfil their ‘quota’, Indonesia must send a few volunteer divisions to Pakistan. In 1981, American forces, also with Iranian and SEATO troops landed in Karachi for fighting with the anti-communist insurgency. The fight for Pakistan had begun. The second half of Subandrio’s term was reverting all deeds that he had announced at the first half. From its pro-peace, pro-democracy standpoint, he altered his foreign policy into making friends at any ideology, except those who supported the current Pakistani rule.

Other policies he enacted was connecting with the United States in terms of trade. As trade was getting busier, Subandrio must secure routed to prevent their disruption. Indonesia’s Western route, which was the Pacific route, was uncontested. Meanwhile, Indonesia’s Western Route was surrounded by hostiles. The Suez was unfavourable to the United States, while South Africa embargoed Indonesia’s shipment to pass the Cape. It seemed that Indonesia must choose between the Suez or the Cape. With consideration, Subandrio eventually requested the United States to isolate the Cape, which they did on December 10th 1978.

On that day, multiple American warships entered the South African sea area. The Sixth Fleet formally moved its base to Madagascar that day, as before in Wilhelmshaven, Germany. The American Fleet requested the South Africans to stop their harassment towards Indonesian ships that passed the Cape. South Africa refused, saying that the nation can do whatever they want in the Cape. Therefore, American troops start arriving in Angola and Mozambique to establish pro-American governments. The liberation from the apartheid regime had begun.

View attachment 566885
The Sixth Fleet to South Africa

For Indonesia to accept Subandrio’s change of policies, he quickly proposed the Federation Bill, promising the regional state to be granted more relaxation. Now, several states, like Majapahit and Pasundan, can promote Islamism with greater context. Also, he proclaimed the government as preceptor, not regulator.

Subandrio’s first term was full of flaws, but he managed to escape from it because the opposition was shattered. Especially with PNI-R on a political disorder.

===========================
Next up we would return to PNI-R.
Trouble brewing in africa it seemed and also will this mean that pakistan is now firmly a us ally?

Btw what happened to afganistan
 
First Presidential Term of Subandrio

Subandrio finally returned to his forte after the 1978 Election. Finally governed to convey in foreign matters, Subandrio enlisted several key points that he would enforce for the 80s. In his inauguration, however, he bluntly stated that Indonesia will be a nation of peace, not a nation of war. Interventions and military expeditions were reserved at the very last. This neutral status was criticized by most PNI-R politicians, as that would upset the United States. Nevertheless, Subandrio appeased the nation with several of his diplomatic moves.

The first policy was strengthening the bond between Spratly League nations. As it was already established in the Nasution presidency, Subandrio was keen on supporting the friendly relations with the two nations: The Philippines and South Vietnam. He planned on pushing for economic and social integration. He announced this as promoting the South East Asian brotherhood. He also wanted SEATO and Spratly League to be not just mere regional organization with no specific objectives, but with a unifying purpose; unify Austronesia.

View attachment 566888
The Spratly League Headquarters in Kebayoran

His second policy was also a peaceful one, which reconciled with Europe. After the Australian Aggression, the people mostly either show discontent with European people or blatantly threw them out of the community. For several years, many European diasporas in Indonesia, notably Dutch and English, fled to isolated communities or sometimes left Indonesia-proper entirely. Thankfully, LKY’s blow in industrializing every corner of the nation gave them more places of refuge; Papua and Madagascar that would soon to be a thriving fresh region.

This policy, however, was met with fierce resistance from fellow Indonesian citizens, many of which were traumatized by wars in the past. After his ‘European Speech’ in 31st January 1979, many of Javanese war veterans expressed their disagreement, and immediately criticize the government of being too pro-Western. It was ironical that just the previous presidency, Nasution was condemned as Western-bootlickers by most PPP politicians, now the tides had turned. During May and June of 1979, several demonstrations regarding the European Speech happened in front of the MPR, which also erupted into chaos several times.

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Johny Indo and Mathias Muehus in a movie, depicting as a convict involved in the riots in 1979

The first chaos was caused by Islamist provocateurs. After the police had tried to disband the demonstrations which had extended their time beyond their limits, several youths attacked the police with stones, injured 5 people. The police immediately attacked the mob with force, suppressing all that was seen dangerous. This event was seen nationally as a start of police oppression, and most citizens started to vilify them. In before, it was the army that used to be loathed. Nonetheless, these demonstrations concentrated on high anti-Western population, like Bandung, Semarang and even Medan. Other cities, like Singapore, Walini City and Pontianak, shared a very comforting notion towards Westerners. In Friendly-European regions, like Papua and Madagascar, this type of demonstration was regarded as the opposition’s foul play on winning the upcoming election. Also, this demonstration was presented as a degrading factor for unity in Pancasila.

Despite that, Subandrio’s troubling policy was caused mainly by his latter stratagems. In 1st October 1970, he announced that Indonesia would be the defender of Pancasila, which bear democracy at its utmost consideration. Therefore, Indonesia must decry all authoritative regimes, and all of those unaligned with Pancasila’s ideology. He at first denounce the militaries regime in Thailand and Myanmar and all the atrocities that the two nations had done. He also attacked China’s Jiang Qing totalistic regime. This policy satisfied most people in Indonesia because it elevated the PPP and the government as an ardent protector of Pancasila

Even so, this policy was noticed by the educated youth as Subandrio’s hypocrisy. The fact was cemented with Subandrio’s endorsement with South American countries, most of which for cattle trade. Moreover, South Vietnam at that time was also a military dictatorship, a revanchist regime if some would say. This pushed forward more criticism against Subandrio, decrease the government’s credibility.

Subandrio’s counter-measure if these other failed is Iranian Friendship. Since 1980, Subandrio had seen Iran as the only stable democratic republic that its people held Islamic faith. In other nations, especially the Middle East, most nations were either barely survived from instability inside their nation, or a regime took control for most of the nation’s administration. UASR for example, the Socialist Party of Arab controlled the government in all aspects. But then, Saudi Arabia was more radical, even controlling its citizens’ clothes and families. Regarding defence, Subandrio planned to just borrow military personnel and equipment from the United States. As Carter would want America to maintain their peace, while still preserving their large military budget, Carter would offer condottieri to other allies that needed more military defence.

However, his initial policies changed dramatically when a crisis happened near Iran, exactly in Pakistan. In 1980, just months before the 1980 election in America was held, there was a bloody coup in Pakistan that overthrown their pro-Iran government, and pushed for a communist government. China allegedly was behind this, but fall short on enough evidence. To whatever extent, the United States must involve directly after the Hostage Crisis happened to kidnap several Americans from their embassy. That event instantly infuriated the pro-peace Carter and proceeded to launch a threat to Pakistan to release the hostage or total war.

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Communist Supporters burning the Star-Spangled Banner

This change of events completely shattered Subandrio’s foreign policy. What was supposedly a passive presidency must change into an aggressive one. Subandrio had to aid pro-democratic rebels in Pakistan to appease the Americans. Also to fulfil their ‘quota’, Indonesia must send a few volunteer divisions to Pakistan. In 1981, American forces, also with Iranian and SEATO troops landed in Karachi for fighting with the anti-communist insurgency. The fight for Pakistan had begun. The second half of Subandrio’s term was reverting all deeds that he had announced at the first half. From its pro-peace, pro-democracy standpoint, he altered his foreign policy into making friends at any ideology, except those who supported the current Pakistani rule.

Other policies he enacted was connecting with the United States in terms of trade. As trade was getting busier, Subandrio must secure routed to prevent their disruption. Indonesia’s Western route, which was the Pacific route, was uncontested. Meanwhile, Indonesia’s Western Route was surrounded by hostiles. The Suez was unfavourable to the United States, while South Africa embargoed Indonesia’s shipment to pass the Cape. It seemed that Indonesia must choose between the Suez or the Cape. With consideration, Subandrio eventually requested the United States to isolate the Cape, which they did on December 10th 1978.

On that day, multiple American warships entered the South African sea area. The Sixth Fleet formally moved its base to Madagascar that day, as before in Wilhelmshaven, Germany. The American Fleet requested the South Africans to stop their harassment towards Indonesian ships that passed the Cape. South Africa refused, saying that the nation can do whatever they want in the Cape. Therefore, American troops start arriving in Angola and Mozambique to establish pro-American governments. The liberation from the apartheid regime had begun.

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The Sixth Fleet to South Africa

For Indonesia to accept Subandrio’s change of policies, he quickly proposed the Federation Bill, promising the regional state to be granted more relaxation. Now, several states, like Majapahit and Pasundan, can promote Islamism with greater context. Also, he proclaimed the government as preceptor, not regulator.

Subandrio’s first term was full of flaws, but he managed to escape from it because the opposition was shattered. Especially with PNI-R on a political disorder.

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Next up we would return to PNI-R.
Man i hope the indonesian people can co exist with the european settlers.

On other hands why the 1979 riots was made into a movie?

And oh did the pop culture of otl still happen ittl (for example comics,movie,music,cartoons,anime,manga etc)
 
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what did US get from the invasion of South Africa?
A secure Southern sea route, and also set a secure foothold in Africa.

Man i hope the indonesian people can co exist with the european settlers.

On other hands why the 1979 riots was made into a movie?

And oh did the pop culture of otl still happen ittl (for example comics,movie,music,cartoons,anime,manga etc)
I guess for country reasons. Many nation use events in history into movies as propaganda. I can relate this as part of a European-descendant struggle to achieve equality in Indonesia.

Pop culture would be almost like OTL, i guess.
 
A secure Southern sea route, and also set a secure foothold in Africa.



I guess for country reasons. Many nation use events in history into movies as propaganda. I can relate this as part of a European-descendant struggle to achieve equality in Indonesia.

Pop culture would be almost like OTL, i guess.
Ah interestimg though probably gta would be created in america since uk is becoming like south africa
 
A secure Southern sea route, and also set a secure foothold in Africa.



I guess for country reasons. Many nation use events in history into movies as propaganda. I can relate this as part of a European-descendant struggle to achieve equality in Indonesia.

Pop culture would be almost like OTL, i guess.
What about stuff like the beatles,thomas the tank engine,tintin and other european stuff maybe even the concorde do those stuff still exist but altered or maybe they are still the same just come from a different country or place?
 
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