Question, why didn't the Chinese adopt the flintlock earlier? I mean, they had some pretty ambitious military capmaigns, like the Ten Great Campaigns of the Qianlong Emperor, seems odd.China had little incentive to innovate new military technologies aside from the periodic times of civil war or barbarian invasions. So weapon tech advancements were sporadic and ill applied unless specifically pushed for by the central government. That wasn't done often since those same officials were either supremely secure (and thus saw little need) or extremely corrupt (in which case nothing got done). Why rock the boat when the older ways always got the job done?