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  1. Taiwan as "Ommayyad" Shogunate

    In 750 CE or so, the Ommayad Caliphate was deposed by the rival Abbasid house. An Ommayad heir escaped to "al-Andalus" (Iberia), and there established a continuing Ommayad "Caliphate", independent of the Abbasid rulers in the Middle East. WI something similar happened in Japan at the end of the...
  2. AHC: Make Chicago Illinois's "presidential" street grid _entirely_ accurate

    Inspired by another recent thread... There are several parallel east-west streets in central Chicago (some of which run from downtown to the western border) named after nationally important politicians, including several Presidents. The Presidents are in more or less chronological order from...
  3. Did the 1940 fall of Norway seem to indicate that Germany could conquer Britain?

    To people at the time, that is. Today, with hindsight, it's clear that Germany never had any chance of invading and conquering Britain. But after the fall of France, a lot of people thought that was very possible, even likely. The blitz of France contributed to this perception. Germany had...
  4. A "Lincoln-Lane administration" in 1861: how long can it last?

    If Lincoln and Hamlin fell short of an electoral majority in 1860, and... If Breckinridge and Lane finished second, and the Senate elected Lane, and... If Lincoln was elected by the House... Then almost certainly the Deep South states declare secession, led by South Carolina, and the Civil...
  5. WI the Yom Kippur War is an Israeli victory from the start?

    In the OTL war, Egyptian forces surprised the Israelis, and defeated the defenders along the Suez Canal. Then they repulsed the first Israeli counterattack. Later, the Israelis got it together, and decisively defeated the Egyptians. However, the Egyptians had for the first time won a real...
  6. What if Oswald confessed?

    This thread inspired me to post a variant idea. I had originally imagined this being done elaborately, as part of Oswald's advance planning, but @ejpsan pointed out in that thread that Oswald had no time for advance planning. But a lesser version is barely possible. First, I assume that Oswald...
  7. 1960 US election WI: the coin lands on edge...

    While in the end, the electoral vote was decisively in favor of Kennedy (303, with Nixon getting 219 and 15 "uncommitted" (Dixiecrat) votes to Sen. Harry Byrd). the popular vote was extremely close, and it is arguable that Nixon actually had more popular votes. (Kennedy is recorded as outpolling...
  8. Did the "Communist threat" really enable the Nazi takeover?

    It is widely asserted that one reason for the success of the Nazis (NSDAP) in Germany was that they represented a strong alternative to the Communists, whom many Germans feared would seize power there. It is further asserted that if there had been no Bolshevik Revolution and no USSR, Germans...
  9. Unions of crowns: England/Britain and...

    There were two occasions when the hereditary ruler of another country became the King or Queen of England or Great Britain as well. After each of these occasions, there was a "union of crowns" between England or Britain and the other country, in each case lasting for over a hundred years. The...
  10. WI... the Hong Kong New Territories lease was perpetual?

    This makes no permanent difference; China could take Hong Kong whenever it wanted to enough. However, in OTL, the end of the lease provided a plausible date and reason for the handover. China felt no need to press the issue, because they would get it eventually. If there is no such scheduled...
  11. Alternate outcomes for US 1800 election (no election by the House)

    The US Constitution originally specified that each presidential elector would cast two votes with no distinction between President and Vice President. The candidate with the most votes would be President, if he had a majority, and the second-place candidate would be Vice President. If no...
  12. A 1943 CAPRICIOUS what-if...

    In his memoir Of Spies and Stratagems, OSS R&D chief Stanley Lovell devoted an entire chapter to "Operation CAPRICIOUS". I have never seen this story mentioned anywhere else, and it seems implausible, but Lovell described it in matter-of-fact detail. The tale is this: US/UK forces landed...
  13. WI Rep. Preston Brooks kills Sen. Charles Sumner?

    On 22 May 1856, U.S. Representative Preston Brooks (D-SC) attacked Senator Charles Sumner (Free Soil-MA) at his desk in the Senate chamber. Brooks took personal offense at a speech made by Sumner denouncing efforts to admit Kansas as a slave state, and in particular attacking Brooks' uncle...
  14. The Philippines and Guam if Japan attacks Britain but not the US in 1941

    OK, this scenario requires a degree of comprehension of US conditions that OTL Japan completely lacked; but bear with me. Or it might be a factional shakeup in the Japanese leadership; perhaps Yamamoto isn't around to force acceptance of the Pearl Harbor operation. In any case, Japan attacks the...
  15. "Union of families" (Britain and the Netherlands, post-1702-1714)

    The PoD is that Prince William II of Orange lives a bit longer. OTL, he died of smallpox in 1650, a week before the birth of his only child, the future William III of England (who was also William III of Orange). William became King of England in 1688, displacing his uncle and father-in-law...
  16. WI Mary I of England dies before Jane Grey is executed?

    Jane was deposed and arrested on 19 July 1553, but was not executed until 12 February 1554, after Wyatt's Rebellion (in which her father and uncle were involved). WI Mary dies in the interim? First, Mary might die of natural causes or some innocent accident. This was unlikely but not...
  17. WI Penicillin was invented in Nazi Germany?

    Alexander Fleming does not stumble across the antibacterial effect of Penicillium mold in 1928. Instead, "Heinrich Hessler" at the Royal Prussian Institute for Infectious Diseases notices the effect in 1934. As with Fleming, he extracts some of the fungal extract, and successfully treats a sick...
  18. Fillmore in 1856??

    The result of the OTL 1856 election was a clear victory for Democrat James Buchanan (45%, 174 electoral votes), with Republican John Frémont second (33%, 111 EV), and American ("Know-Nothing") Millard Fillmore a very distant third (22%, 8 EV). However, on reviewing the details, I noticed...
  19. Hakko ichiu!

    This is not a TL, nor even an attempt at a TL, merely the exposition of an idea. During the Age of Sail, Europeans sailed all over the world and became the dominant world culture. Europe swept over the entire New World, and subdued the coastlands of most of Africa and Asia. At the end of the...
  20. WI no dreadnought race between Britain and Germany?

    Or to be more accurate, WI Germany does not make a major effort to compete with the Royal Navy? Maybe Tirpitz isn't around to be the master lobbyist. Or Tirpitz personally offends Willy, causing Willy to reject all naval plans. Well, not all naval plans, but he sneers at anything beyond a few...
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