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  1. IJN 'sanity options' for 1936-1943?

    As imbalanced as it was, IJN was a formidable force in a slice of time. This is their 'chance' to became even more formidable by setting aside dubious ideas and hardware, while outfitting themselves with better gear that is to be used in a more efficient way, supported by the improved logistics...
  2. Plausible way(s) to have the TSR-2 in service?

    Not wanting to clog the current TSR-2 with an what-if tangent, here is the what-if :) What might be the plausible way to have the TSR-2 in service in a reasonable time-scale, say from late 1960s/early 1970s on? Let's handwave the political climate in order to give it better odds. Any worth in...
  3. Japanese skip the Oscar and Zero?

    ... void being filled by improving the Ki-27 and A5M respectively, while bringing the fighters with 1500+- HP engines in the earlier & more voluminous service. I don't expect that japanese will win the Pacific war just due to this change (they will not), just want to explore possibilities, the...
  4. 'Minimum' fighter A/C for 1937-45?

    The idea is similar to the 'light fighter' - a fighter aircraft that can be had in short term, without breaking the bank, that does not use spanking new engines the 1st line aircraft depend upon (number of countries that can get a Merlin or DB 601 in 1939 in any numbers is about one-two for...
  5. Scandinavian armed forces' equipment options for 1937-1941?

    Countries in question being Norway, Finland and Sweden. People can suggest changes & improvements for navies, armies and air-services, including coast defence and air defence. Equipment is what was plausible and possible at technology of the era, in quantities as money allows (finding a foreign...
  6. Western fighters' armament 'sanity options' post ww2

    In general, 'West' seems to have both less of a variety and better success in their air-to-air weaponry the 'East', although some AA missiles were found over-promissing and under-delivering, and cannon armament was not always there as it was supposed to be. So here is a chance to explore paths...
  7. AHC: the F-104 is a complete and utter success

    ... in technical, operational and commercial sense. So we'd want something that is less of a widowmaker, that is/was a viable combat aircraft in the 1960s/70s/80s, and that can snatch another many hundreds or even a few thousand sales due to it's merits, ie. without the bribes to the foreign...
  8. UK/RAF forgoes 'Euro cooperation' post 1967, going as much as possible 'British way' instead?

    1967 brought the end of the Anglo-French AFVG strike aircraft project, my understanding being that French were convinced that it was too an expensive project - while favoring the Mirage G that also went stillborn, thus leaving the RAF empty-handed wrt. modern strike aircraft. So let's have...
  9. Early introduction of ~5.5mm military cartridges?

    Be that the 3000+- fps types for rifles/LMGs, or 2000+- fps types for SMGs & pistols, or both. By 'early' I'm thinking about the inter-war period. How the resulting weapons might look like, both before ww2 and during ww2? Post-war? What country might be best advised to do it on a wide scale and...
  10. 1950-1990 ideal SMGs what-if

    A weapon that can be a god replacement for the ww2 left-over SMGs, light enough (preferably under 4 kg with a full mag), can fire in controllable fashion in full-auto. Both fixed and collapsible/extendable stock in offer. Bolt is not positively locked, only the weight of the bolt assembly and...
  11. No F-5 Freedom Fighter?

    In it's most produced iterations, the F-5/T-38 family went to almost 3400 produced copies, often being exported to the countries that either were not firmly associated with NATO, or were not lavishly funded (or both). So let's explore a scenario where F-5 - a small, simple & affordable...
  12. No Il-2 Sturmovik?

    In other words, Soviets don't come to the idea of an 1-engined armored ground attack aircraft. The resources thus not spent in the Il-2 program (more than 36000 of Mikulin's engines for the whole lot, and a lot of metal, bits and pieces, like propellers, radios, guns, gauges, undercarriage stes...
  13. PDWs as spin-offs from the 'Artillery Luger' in widespread use in 1915-1945

    The 'Artillery Luger' was one of the 1st self-loading pistols that were outfitted with longer barrel and detachable stock, with intent to replace full-sized rifles as the small-arms carried by artillery crewmen, so they can have some means of self-defense. Idea went back and forth, Mauser C96...
  14. 'Sanity options' for the Italian army, 1935-42

    This is intended to be a thread about Italian Army alternative wepons, tactical trends, manpower usage, maning better use of Army-geared industrial and logistical capabilities. Ie. similar to the other 'sanity options' threads conceived by other fellow members. It is not about 'have Italy sit...
  15. A 'smarter' NATO cartridge strategy 1950-1980?

    As applicable to small arms - from pistols to vehicle-mounted machine guns under 10mm caliber. I guess most of the people in this forum are not fond on how the cartridge selection worked back in the days. If so, how should NATO's choice of cartridges and small arms to fire them look like in the...
  16. What-if SMG for late 1930s and on

    A very prominent and sometimes 'fancy' weapon in the ww2, SMGs came in many layouts and in a number of cartridges. Some were better than others, some offering the 200m efficient range vs. others with 150 or even 100m (although the metrics of deciding the exact effective range seem lacking). Some...
  17. Soviets beat Northrop with F-20 idea?

    Soviets received the F-5E from Vietnam in 1976, eveluated it favorably, copied some ideas for Su-27 (nothing major - like cockpit illumitaion and how the engine is fixed to the fuselage - but still), and left it be. So let's say Soviets actually carry on with the F-5 idea, however they try it...
  18. 'Short .30' cartridges became mainstream in 1930s?

    Instead of waiting to 1940s, let's stipulate the development and use of small arms if the short 'full-calibre' ammo for rifles and LMGs are introduced in the armies of 'major' countries already in 1930s. The 'short .30' cartridges being the name for anything between 7.35mm (still-born Italian...
  19. No intermediate cartridge as we know it?

    In other words - people still predominantly use the 'battle rifles', SMGs and LMGs, between the ww2 and today. The weakest powerful cartridge being some of the 6.5mm (Italian or Japanese perhaps), and SMGs use anything from ww2 or what can be a plausible offspring of that. SMG meaning the weapon...
  20. 1933-43: Italy remains on forefront of aviation?

    Italian companies and pilots were setting a lot of records with their aircraft, and making a lot of 'everyday' aircraft in the interwar period. They were making monoplanes when a lot of countries were scoffing at the idea. But, by mid 1930s, their development seems to have all but stopped, and...
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